It needs a bright light, no need to shade. With more intense light growth is accelerated. At the end of the winter period, the flower is accustomed to bright lighting gradually, as burns can occur. It is recommended to place the window on the south orientation, while the leaves should not touch the window glass, as this can cause burns.
In the summer, if possible, take the plant to the street, and the place must be protected from heavy rain. When grown in a room in the summer will require frequent airing. In the autumn and winter, you need good lighting and regular airing. With poor lighting, the leaves below are rapidly fading, but the young still grow. You can grow with artificial light, with daylight lasts 16 hours.
Such plants are divided into 2 groups:
- South African, originally from the arid Cape (South Africa). Grown in cold greenhouses. In summer, you can be kept in fresh air, while in subtropical areas you can stay outside for the winter, but light shelter is required. In spring and summer you need a temperature of 22 to 27 degrees. In winter, they feel fine at 2-6 degrees.
- Hailing from tropical areas. Grown in a warm greenhouse. In summer you can move to the street, but at the same time the place should be protected from gusts of wind. In spring and summer it needs a temperature of 22–27 degrees. In winter, there is a period of rest. At this time, you need a cool from 16 to 18 degrees (at least 14 degrees).
Humidity fits any. For hygienic purposes, you should regularly wipe the leaves with a moistened sponge.
How to water
During active growth, watering is abundant and warm water is used. Watering is necessary as soon as the topsoil dries. When flowering is over, it is necessary to water less, but the soil should always be moderately moist. In winter, during the rest period, watering should be rare, and the flower itself should be moved to a cool room. Do not overdry the soil, because the onions have a rather fleshy root system, which performs its function regardless of the season.
If you want the bloom to come in the winter time, the rest period is required to be transferred to the end of the summer and the beginning of the autumn period, while reducing watering. When the flower arrow begins to grow, it is necessary to resume normal watering. To stimulate flowering, do not water the flower for 7–14 days.
Feeding is carried out 2 times a month. To do this, use liquid fertilizer for flowering houseplants, while the dosage is used that recommended on the package. Begin to feed when the young foliage, and cease when all the flowers wilt.
The dormant period begins after flowering. Old foliage during this period gradually fade, and it is replaced by new. Crinum needs deep rest, but if it does not exist, the next year’s flowering will not come. In springtime, sometimes it blooms again, and it is easy enough to make it look like a krinum Moore.
Transplantation is carried out before the beginning of the period of intensive growth. Adult specimens are transplanted 1 time in 2–4 years. When planting bulbs on the third should rise above the soil surface. You need to plant in large and deep containers, as this plant has a powerful root system. Carefully remove the old soil along with damaged roots. At the bottom make a good drainage layer of expanded clay.
You can propagate the bulbs or seeds.
Do not rush to separate the young bulbs, because they bloom will be more abundant. Blooming separated kids comes after 2-4 years (depending on its size). For planting use a container with a diameter of 9 to 12 centimeters. After 12 months, it is necessary to transplant into larger pots, and after the same amount of time - in containers with a diameter of 15 to 17 centimeters. During growth, young specimens need more frequent feeding and watering. In large containers (19–24–28 centimeters) such a plant is from 3 to 4 years old, and at the same time it has a lot of onion-buds, and abundant blooms are observed for 3-4 years.
Crinum Abyssinian (Crinum abyssinicum)
With a short neck, the bulb has a rounded elongated shape, and its thickness is 7 centimeters. 6 leaves of a linear shape gradually tapering towards the tip. Such leaves with a rough edge in length can reach from 30 to 45 centimeters, and in width - 1.5 centimeters. The peduncle is 30–40 centimeters in length, while it bears an inflorescence in the form of an umbrella, on which there are from 4 to 6 flowers. White sessile flowers possess short pedicels. A thin perianth tube reaches a length of 5 centimeters. The elongated petals are 2 centimeters wide and 7 centimeters long. Homeland are mountains in Ethiopia.
Crinum Asian (Crinum asiaticum)
The width of an onion is 10–15 centimeters, and the length of its neck can vary from 15 to 35 centimeters. There are from 20 to 30 thin whole leaves of the belt-shaped form, the length of which is 90-125 centimeters, and the width is from 7 to 10 centimeters. The inflorescence in the form of an umbrella carries from 20 to 50 non-aromatic flowers, which are sitting on three-centimeter legs. Straight perianth tube with a length of 10 centimeters has a light green color on the surface. Length of linear white petals 5–10 centimeters, reddish stamens diverge in different directions. Flowering long from March to October. The homeland is the stagnant reservoirs of Western Tropical Africa.
Crinum large (Crinum giganteum)
Having a short neck onion is quite large. So, its width is 10–15 centimeters. Veins distinctly protrude on the surface of wavy green leaves. The length of the leaf is 60–90 centimeters, and its width is 10 centimeters. The length of a fairly strong peduncle from 50 to 100 centimeters. It bears an umbellate inflorescence, consisting, as a rule, of 4–6 florets, but there are also 3–12 flowered flowers. The length of fragrant sitting flowers is 20 centimeters. Curved, elongated, light green perianth tube has a length of from 10 to 15 centimeters, while the pharynx it has the shape of a bell and a length of 7-10 centimeters. The width of the white petals is 3 centimeters, and the length is 5–7 centimeters, with the same color of the stamen somewhat shorter. As a rule, flowering occurs in summer.
Crinum majestic (Crinum augustum)
The onion width is 15 centimeters, and the length of its neck is 35 centimeters. There are many dense leaves of a belt-shaped form, whose length is from 60 to 90 centimeters, and width - from 7 to 10 centimeters. The upper part of the flat peduncle is colored dark red. The inflorescence has the shape of an umbrella and carries, as a rule, more than 20 pleasantly smelling flowers, which sit on short stalks. The reddish strong tube of the perianth is slightly curved or straight in length reaches 7–10 centimeters. The outer surface of erect lanceolate petals has a rich red color. Their length is 10–15 centimeters, and their width is from 1.5 to 2 centimeters. Enlarged stamens are colored red. Flowering occurs in spring and summer. The homeland is the rocky mountainside of the Seychelles and the islands of Mauritius. Grown in warm greenhouses.
Crinum maiden, or virginian (Crinum virgineum, or virginicum)
It has a brownish large onion. Thin belt-shaped leaves narrow both to the top and to the base, transverse veins distinctly protrude on their surface. The width of the leaves is 7-10 centimeters, and their length is from 60 to 90 centimeters. Peduncle bears inflorescence in the form of an umbrella, consisting of 6 flowers, which are sedentary or have short pedicels. The length of the curved light green perianth tube from 7 to 10 centimeters. At the same time, white petals have the same length. As a rule, flowering occurs in autumn. Originally from South Brazil. Grown in warm greenhouses.
Crinum bell (Crinum campanulatum)
A small onion has an oval shape. Grooved, linear leaves with a sharp edge in length reach 90-120 centimeters. A narrow green peduncle bears an umbellate inflorescence, consisting of 4–8 flowers, located on short pedicels about 2 centimeters long. An elongated, tortuous cylindrical tube of the perianth reaches 4–6 centimeters in length, and there is also a bell-shaped pharynx. On its red surface are greenish stripes. Petals are located very close to each other. At the base they are white with reddish stripes, and then the color becomes pink-green-red. Flowering observed in the summer months. Originally from Cape Province in South Africa, where he prefers to grow in ponds.
Crinum pleasant (Crinum amabile)
Not very large onion has a neck length from 20 to 35 centimeters. 25–30 whole leaves of the belt-shaped form are 100–150 centimeters long, and 7–10 centimeters wide. The inflorescence in the form of an umbrella consists of 20-30 flowers, they sit on pedicels, the length of which is 2–3 centimeters. Fragrant saturated red flowers have a whitish or purple hue. The length of the dark purple straight tube of the perianth is from 8 to 10 centimeters. In linear petals, the inside is white, their length is 10–15 centimeters, and the width is 1–1.5 centimeters. Broad stamens are purple in color. Flowering occurs in winter, but most of all in March. May be re-bloom. You can meet in the topical forests, as well as in the mountainous areas of the island of Sumatra.
Crinum reddish (Crinum erubescens Aiton)
The oval-shaped bulb has a width of up to 10 centimeters. Many belt-like leaves in length reach from 60 to 90 centimeters, and in width - from 5 to 8 centimeters. The edges of the seamy side of the leaves are slightly rough. Peduncle is very long (from 60 to 90 centimeters). It bears 4–6 fragrant flowers of large size, which can be both sedentary and have short stem. The outer part of the flower is red and the inside is white. Erect light red perianth tube reaches a length of 10-15 centimeters. Petals of a lanceolate form, reversely directed. Flowering observed in the summer months. It comes from tropical America.
Crinum meadow (Crinum pratense)
The egg-shaped bulb has a short neck and reaches in diameter from 10 to 15 centimeters. As a rule, there are 6–8 linear leaves, which are 45–65 centimeters in length. The peduncle is 30 centimeters long, and its width is 1.5 centimeters. The umbellate inflorescence bears from 6 to 12 white sessile flowers or on short pedicels that are 7–10 centimeters in length. The width of the lanceolate petals is 1.5 centimeters, and their length is the same as that of the tube. Red stamens have an extended form. Flowering observed in the summer months. Originally from East India.
Crinum onionseed (Crinum bulbispermum) or Crinum kapse (Crinum capense)
The onion has the shape of a bottle, while it has a narrow and long neck. Greenish-gray narrow linear, grooved leaves in length reach 60–90 centimeters. They are directed upwards, and their edge is rough. Almost round peduncle in length can reach more than 40 centimeters, and it bears from 4 to 12 flowers. Large fragrant flowers have a white color (sometimes with a purple tint). They are located on pedicels, the length of which is from 3 to 5 centimeters. The length of the slightly curved cylindrical perianth tube is from 7 to 10 centimeters, and they have a whitish funnel-shaped edge. The outer surface of the 3 outer petals is colored pinkish-purple (sometimes white). Their length is 7-10 centimeters. Flowering is observed in July and August. Originally from South Africa, where it prefers to grow in shady places with sandy soil. Grow in cold greenhouses.
Crinum Macawana (Crinum macowanii)
A large onion of round shape in diameter reaches 25 centimeters, the length of its neck is also 25 centimeters. The width of the leaves is 10 centimeters, and their length is from 60 to 90 centimeters. Peduncle height 60–90 centimeters. It bears an inflorescence in the form of an umbrella, consisting of 10-15 flowers. The length of the greenish curved perianth tube is 8–10 centimeters. Rose petals in length reach from 8 to 10 centimeters. Flowering - late autumn. Motherland - mountain rocky slopes in Natal (South Africa). Grown in cold greenhouses.
Crinum Moore (Crinum moorei)
A large onion has a diameter of about 20 centimeters, and its neck can be up to 45 centimeters in length. There may be a lot of kids. There are from 12 to 15 wavy, belt-shaped leaves, 60–90 centimeters long, and 6 to 10 centimeters wide. On their surface there are relief veins, and their edges are pale-white smooth. The length of a powerful greenish peduncle from 45 to 60 centimeters. It bears an inflorescence in the form of an umbrella, consisting of 6-10 flowers. Pink flowers have an eight centimeter-long pedicle. The length of the curved perianth tube is from 7 to 12 centimeters, and it has a funnel-shaped mouth. The width of the petals 4 centimeters, and length from 7 to 12 centimeters. Light pink stamens are not as long as petals. A pestle protrudes over the petals. Flowering is observed in the summer. It is most popular with gardeners. In nature, it is found on the rocky mountain slopes in Natal (South Africa). Grown in cold greenhouses.
Crinum Powell (Crinum x powellii)
This hybrid is obtained by crossing krinum Moore and krinum onion seeds. Spherical onion has a diameter of 15 centimeters. Length of belt-shaped leaves up to 100 centimeters. Leafless peduncle meter height bears the umbrella-shaped inflorescence, which consists of fragrant flowers with a diameter of 15 centimeters. Perianth color saturated pink.
Crinum flowering (Crinum pedunculatum)
The onion thickness is 10 centimeters, and the length of its neck is 15 centimeters. There are from 20 to 30 leaves, the length of which is 90-120 centimeters. Flowers are gathered into umbrella-shaped inflorescences, 20–30 pieces each. Fragrant whitish-green flowers have a stem of 2.5–4 cm. The corolla tube is longer than the petals, there are reddish expanded stamens. Flowering observed in the summer months. Originally from Eastern Australia. Cultivated in cold greenhouses.
Crinum Ceylon (Crinum zeylanicum)
The diameter of a round onion is from 12 to 15 centimeters, there is a short neck. There are 6–12 belt-like thin leaflets that are 7–10 centimeters wide, and from 60 to 90 centimeters in length. Their edges are slightly rough. The length of the powerful reddish peduncle is 90 centimeters, it bears an umbrella-shaped inflorescence with 10-20 flowers with short pedicels. The length of the drooping green or red perianth tube varies from 7 to 15 centimeters and has a pharynx, which is placed horizontally. The width of the lance-elongated petals 3 centimeters and their upper part horizontally spread. They have a dark purple color, whitish edge, and on the outer part are stripes. Stamens shorter than pistil. Flowering occurs in spring. Originally from tropical Asia. Grow in warm greenhouses.
Crinum rough (Crinum scabrum)
The diameter of a round onion is 10–15 centimeters, the neck is short. Dense, wavy, grooved, glossy leaves have a belt-like shape and green color. They have a sharp edge, and their length is 60–90 centimeters, and width - 5 centimeters. A powerful peduncle bears an umbellate inflorescence with 4–8 fragrant flowers, which may be sedentary or have short pedicels. The length of the bent pale green perianth tube from 8 to 15 centimeters. The diameter of the pharynx is 6–8 centimeters. The width of the petals varies from 2.5 to 3.5 centimeters. Their upper part is white, and in the middle there is a wide band of bright red color. Flowering occurs in May and June. Originally from tropical Africa. Grown in warm greenhouses.
Crinum broadleaf (Crinum latifolium)
The width of a round onion is from 15 to 20 centimeters, there is a short neck. Many thin belt-like leaves are colored green. Their length is 60–100 centimeters, and their width is 7–10 centimeters. The inflorescence in the form of an umbrella has 10–20 florets on short stalks. The length of the green curved perianth tube 7-10 centimeters. Zev has a horizontal arrangement and has an equal length with the tube. The lower surface of thirty-centimeter oblong-lanceolate petals is light red. Flowering - in August and September. Originally from East India. Grown in cold greenhouses.
Crinum - unpretentious beauty
Among houseplants and their fashionable novelties, every year there are more and more bulbous plants. They do not add to the list of exotics and cultures for all, although they do not always have a complex character. One of the most unpretentious plants is a handsome crinum - a giant still unknown to most flower growers. Elegant and delicate, large flowers and long leaves give the impression of a very bright exotic. Но характер у кринума очень дружелюбный, растение выносливо и приятно порадует легкостью ухода.
Кринум Мура (Crinum moorei). © C T Johansson
Кринум — луковичное, способное удивить не только красотой
Ассортимент комнатных луковичных расширяется с каждым годом и уже давно не исчерпывается только всеобщими любимцами гиппеаструмами. Растущая популярность луковичных экзотов не случайна: как правило, в красоте крупных цветков с ними сложно потягаться травянистым солистам. Но луковичные – растения не для всех. After all, to get them to bloom, you need to ensure careful monitoring of conditions of detention and properly organize a phase of rest. The reputation of complex in the care of plants is inherent in all bulbous, but not all, it corresponds to reality. One of these exceptions is krinum, which will surprise anyone with its unpretentiousness.
Crinums (Crinum) - one of the largest bulbous in room culture. In our country they are known both as krinums, and simply as kreen, and under a much more poetic folk nickname - pink lily. They represent the krinum family Amaryllis (Amaryllidaceae) and are one of the most undemanding plants in the family. The name krinuma is associated with drooping leaves and is derived from the Latin "hair".
Crinums are unique bulbous ones, equally belonging to decorative-flowering and decorative leafy species. Bulb neck extended upwards, almost stem-shaped, can reach 60-90 cm in length. The crinum bulb itself is very large, up to 25 cm in diameter, creates a very powerful root network, most often located almost on the surface (the roots can crawl out, which creates a deceptive feeling substrate deficiency). From the pseudostem the plant releases a beautiful bunch or umbrella of leaves. Lanceolate-linear, long, belt-like, they hang beautifully, creating a peculiar effect of green hair. The length of leaves of krinum is not limited to 1 m. Young leaves are curled up into beautiful tubules, and not flat, like in relative cultures.
The flowering of krinum continues from spring to autumn. On large and high peduncles, flowers of up to 15 cm in diameter, large in shape, resembling a lily, with a beautiful white and pink color and with a light, but very pleasant aroma, are collected in capitate or umbellate inflorescences. The large seeds of crinum are tied only by artificial pollination, they contain enough water in the shell for germination, hidden in a fancy box of fruits.
Crinum Moore (Crinum moorei). © Erik Taanman
Types of krinuma
In nature, the variety of crinums is measured in hundreds of species, about 17 species are considered introduced into culture. But as a houseplant, only 3 types of crinums are common.
Crinum moore (Crinum moorei) - the most common indoor crinum, which received the nickname "pink lily". This is a South African onion with a very large bulb, whose diameter can reach 20 cm. The neck 40-60 cm rises above the surface of the soil and is perceived as a stem. The leaves are wavy, belt-like, beautiful autumn, from 60 to 90 cm long, with a glossy surface and bright green color. Tall and powerful peduncle develops near the neck of the bulb, getting crowned with 6-10 large lily-like flowers, whose diameter can reach up to 12 cm.
- Crinum Asian (Crinum asiaticum) - a plant with a more "modest", just up to 15 cm in diameter bulb, pseudostem which grows up to 35 cm in length. The leaves are clustered, more than a meter long, up to 10 cm wide, with a solid edge. Up to 30 leaves are usually collected in one bundle. The umbrella inflorescence contains from 20 to 50 flowers on long stalks, with a ten-centimeter straight tube and almost as long, thin and linear petals. Red stamens add to the attractiveness of white flowers. The flowering of this krinuma continues from March to October.
- Crinum Yagus(Crinum jagus, formerly known as Crinum Giant - Crinum giganteum) - a compact and very effective crinum with a bulb with a diameter of up to 10-15 cm and a short neck, crowning wide, up to 10 cm in width with a length of 60 to 90 cm, leaves with a wavy edge and bright veins. Peduncles up to 1 m in height are crowned with few-flowered umbrellas (from 3 to 12 flowers). The flowers are sessile, in length reach 20 cm, with an extended tube and a bell-shaped pharynx with very beautiful oval-wide petals of snow-white color, against the background of which white stamens are almost imperceptible. Blooms less long, usually only in summer.
Crinum care at home
The simplicity of growing crinums is due primarily to their drought tolerance. Due to the fact that the plant easily tolerates skipping irrigation, it can be recommended not only experienced but also novice gardeners. Crinum does not need increased humidity, he is not afraid of fluctuations in conditions and in all senses demonstrates an enviable endurance. When placing this plant, it is worthwhile to take into account that the decorativeness of bulbous saves only in the warm season, and although it does not lose leaves, it looks sloppy and neglected in winter. In the development of a plant, there is a clearly pronounced resting phase, which traditionally falls out for the winter. At this time of year, crinum almost does not need care, and the conditions are only partially adjusted.
Krinuma not only light-requiring, but also sun-loving. These plants are not afraid of direct rays and they are best placed in the brightest place in the house. The intensity of illumination directly determines their activity of growth and development. Southern or partly southern window sills are considered to be the best location for a krinum.
During the rest phase, the crinum does not need to be moved to the shade, because it will lose all the leaves. This plant often, even in winter, continues to produce young leaves and, with proper selection of lighting, it is never left without leaves. It is desirable to correct the intensity of illumination: the brighter it is, the better.
This plant feels great even at full artificial lighting. In the case of cultivation in the depth of rooms on artificial light, the daylight should be at least 16 hours for a crinnum.
Pink lilies belong to heat-loving plants, the minimum allowable temperature value for them is limited to 14 degrees (for Krinum Moore - 6 degrees). During the period of active development and flowering, room temperature indicators of 22 degrees Celsus are quite suitable for crinums. Heat plants are not afraid. It is advisable to move the rest periods to a relatively cool place with an air temperature of at least 16 to 18 degrees (for Krinum Moore, the optimal indicators are from 8 to 15 degrees), but if there is no opportunity to lower the temperature, it can be left at room temperature, lowering performance as much as possible.
Unlike most indoor bulbs, crinums are not afraid of changing conditions and temperature fluctuations, drafts. They can be moved to a new place with the beginning of flowering (and even during the entire flowering period), freely transferred from the room to the open air and back. In summer, the plant will feel great in the garden or on the terrace, but in this case it is necessary to accustom to more intensive lighting the krinum gradually, first letting it adapt in partial shade, and then exposing it to areas with diffused lighting. When grown in rooms need to provide frequent airing.
Crinum Moore (Crinum moorei). © Erik Taanman
Watering krinuma and humidity
Despite belonging to the bulbous, krinum require very abundant irrigation during active growth and flowering. Watering is carried out as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries out. After completion of flowering, the substrate is gradually dried more and more, transferring the plant in the winter to a rare light watering. Reducing watering is a major (and decisive) factor in the successful wintering of the crinuma. For this plant, watering never stops completely, but reduces to minimal, very rare, supporting only light soil moisture. The fleshy and numerous roots of the krinum function all year round and need to be maintained in optimal condition. When a flower arrow appears, watering is restored to the usual abundant.
Since watering is the only significant factor that stimulates flowering, in a krinum, flowering periods can be shifted at will, shifting the resting phase to fall or even summer and watering the plant very little, but not allowing the leaves to wilt.
For krinuma need to control both the softness of water and its temperature: water these bulbous preferably warm water.
The plant is not sensitive to air humidity and there is no need to somehow adjust the room indicators. The only additional procedure that krinumu will need is to wipe leaves from dust.
Feed for krinuma
Pink lily is fed with a standard frequency of 1 time per 2 weeks during the entire stage of active vegetation (from the moment young leaves appear and the last flower wilts). For this plant, it is better to use not universal mineral mixtures, but special fertilizers for flowering plants.
Crinum Moore (Crinum moorei)
Crinum Transplant and Substrate
Too frequent change tanks for krinuma spend is not worth it. These plants can be transplanted 1 time in 2-3 years. Transplantation is carried out before the beginning of growth, but before the first signs of growth appear, at the end of the resting phase.
It is believed that krinum can be grown in any earth mixture, as long as it is fairly loose. Cinnamon can be grown even in ordinary garden or garden soil, they feel great in any universal substrate or special soil for amaryllis. But the better the earth mixture, the higher its air and water permeability (and the less risk of compaction) - the better. If you mix the substrate yourself, take equal shares of sand, hardwood and humus and 2 shares of sod soil, or mix equal amounts of greenhouse, leafy soil and sand.
Take out the onion of a krinum carefully; all the roots are free and inspected. Damaged or dry roots must be removed, as well as to remove the dry film from the bulbs. In a new container, the bulbs are placed so that about 1/3 rises above the ground. At the bottom of the pots must lay a thick layer of drainage (preferred clay).
Capacity for krinuma should be chosen from among the spacious. For materials krinum not demanding, but to the width - very. Since the large onion grows in breadth and produces surface roots, they choose low broad containers for the crinnum rather than the standard high ones.
Krinum diseases and pests
Crims are rarely damaged by pests or diseases. Most often, there are red burns and false shields on the crinums. Both problems are best dealt with with insecticides and systemic fungicides. When non-optimal care and stay in the open air plants can be affected and spider mites, and mealybug.
Crinum Moore (Crinum moorei). © Fred
This bulbous can be propagated as a separation of daughter plants during transplantation, which are formed in a very large number, and seeds.
The seed method does not guarantee the preservation of varietal characteristics and often gives mutations and new forms. Seeds at krinuma are tied only after artificial pollination. Sow them superficially, on a wet substrate, covering the crops with film or glass.
At reproduction from babies krinum bloom occurs in 2 - 4 years. The daughter of a krinum bulb should not be separated annually, but only in standard terms of transplantation, when a large number of children are formed. For non-flowering bulbs, the containers are changed annually, transferring plants from small pots with a diameter of 9 to 12 cm to pots with a large diameter (the standard increase is 3-4 cm of diameter per year).
Temperature conditions . In summer, moderately warm content at a temperature of 18 - 22 ° C. It is imperative for abundant flowering to provide the crinum with a dormant period at a temperature of about 7 ° C during the winter months.
Crinum room - lighting . Evergreen krinums need a brightly lit location with access to direct sunlight in the morning and evening all year round. Insufficient lighting causes serious damage to the plant. In winter, the degree of light for deciduous species does not matter.
Crinum home care . Remove dried leaves and withering flowers to make the plant look neat.
Substrate . Nutritious, rich in organics, well drained soil.
Content krinuma - dressing . During the period of active growth, feed lily crinum 2 times a month with regular liquid fertilizer with a high content of potassium. Loves organic dressing. In the autumn and winter feeding stop.
Crinum home - flowering time . July August.
Air humidity . Leaves can be periodically sprayed in order to avoid pest infestation.
Growing krinuma - watering . Watering begins in the spring, in the appearance of the first shoots. During the period of active growth, watering should be abundant, the soil should not dry out. Excess water accumulated in the pan must be drained. After flowering in deciduous species, watering is gradually reduced to a minimum, but the tolerance of overdrying of the earthy coma is not allowed. Evergreen leaves are also watered moderately.
Transfer . In the spring, the pot should be chosen so that its diameter exceeds the size of the bulb by 4-6 cm. The bulbs are planted so that the upper part is above the substrate. Crinum should not be transplanted unnecessarily, since after transplantation it can stop flowering for 1 - 2 years. After planting, the soil around the plant is slightly tamped in order to avoid air pockets.
Crinum breeding . Branch of daughter bulbs during transplantation. The division of adult plants every 3 - 5 years. Seeds that are sown in spring. They germinate easily, however, plants obtained in this way bloom only at the age of 3 - 4 years.
Pests and diseases . Crinum does not bloom due to lack of light. With an excess of moisture the leaves turn yellow.
Note . All parts of the plant are toxic, especially for cats. Wash your hands thoroughly after contact with krinum. He has been living in the culture for many years with proper care.
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Crinum - perennial herbaceous plant, different from other Amaryllis plants by the presence of giant-sized species. Large bulbs of crinum, 60-90 cm long, and up to 25 cm in diameter, have a short or elongated neck. Large linear-lanceolate remnevidnye light green leaves, reaching a length of 1-1,5 m, form a false stem, which ends with a fan of leaf plates. The young leaves of the crinums are not flat, but folded into a tube.
On a thick and tall peduncle, sometimes reaching a meter in height, there are large umbellate inflorescences of white, pink, soft crimson color, consisting of 6-12 fragrant flowers with a diameter of 15-20 cm. Between the two buds formed 9-12 leaves. The fruit looks like a box with fleshy large seeds, in the shell of which contains a supply of water, sufficient for seed development and the formation of a new onion.
In room conditions, crinum is necessary bright lighting with a small amount of sunlight. South windows are suitable. In the summer you can take the plant to the balcony. Optimal temperature during the growing season 17-20 degrees, in the period of rest - 8-10 degrees. Water during the growth period it is necessary to plentifully, but, knowing the sensitivity of amaryllises to an excess of moisture, it is advisable to allow the top layer of soil to dry out between waterings. Periodically spray or rub leaves plants wet sponge. After flowering, watering is reduced to once a week, but do not allow the earthen clod to dry out.
In the period of growth Crinum feed up alternately organic and mineral fertilizers every two weeks. Begin to feed as soon as the young leaves appear, and stop with the fading of the last flowers. Crinum does not need trimming.
If the humidity is too high and the temperature is too high, the crinum can ache with anthracnose (dark spots and brown streaks at the ends of the leaves). Affected leaves must be removed, and the plant treated with foundationol (2g per 1 l of water). And, of course, you need to reduce watering and air the room more often. In addition, the plant bulb can strike staganospore or "red burn", which leads to the appearance of red spots on the bulb, and then on the leaves. It is possible to cure the disease with the same foundation in the same proportion. There is a so-called Amaryllis Scotchworm, which can strongly inhibit the plant. It is necessary to treat crinum with insecticide (2 ml of the drug per 1 l of water).
Transplant krinuma carried out every 3-4 years at the end of the rest period. The onion is buried 2/3 into the soil (two parts of a clay-grain soil, and one part of leafy soil, peat, humus and sand). Capacity should be spacious. The crinum is reproduced by children, carefully separated from the maternal bulb in the summer. Cuts are processed with crushed coal. New plants bloom in 3-4 years.
Given the characteristics of "Crinum", care at home for a plant is not too difficult. Flower loves moderate watering. In the summer, this representative of the flora is watered once a week and a half. In winter, it is enough for him 1-2 times in 30 days. Do not allow strong drying out of soil coma. For irrigation using soft water without chemical impurities.
"Crinum" can tolerate any humidity. It actively grows both in arid areas and in case of excessive humidity. Sometimes it is recommended to wipe large leaves flower wet wipes. Во время жары профессиональные цветоводы советую обрызгивать цветок водой из распылителя.
Посадка и пересадка
Этот представитель флоры – очень мощный цветок с хорошо развитой корневой системой. Корни требуют очень много места.
Поэтому емкости для посадки должны быть большими, глубокими, широкими и вместительными. Важно, чтобы в них помещалась вся корневая система растения.
Нельзя допускать, so that the roots rest against the walls of the pot. Small holes are made at the bottom of the pot and a layer of drainage is laid.
Expanded clay is perfect for this purpose. Young copies of Crinum are transplanted once a year. To do this, choose deep and wide containers. Adult flowers are transplanted as the tank is filled with the root system.
Usually the procedure is carried out once every 2-4 years. The time is the beginning and middle of spring. When transplanting bulbs can not be deeply deepened into the soil. They should be 2/3 of their volume above the ground. After that, the plant is abundantly watered and placed in a warm, well-lit place.
The soil can be bought in the store or cook yourself. For this need a substrate of humus, fine-grained river sand and peat. Chernozem should contain leaf and turf substrate. You can also add a little clay. To increase the air permeability, charcoal is added to the soil.
The plant responds well to top dressing. For this use liquid fertilizers. They are brought along with watering. It is best to use purchased feeding for home flowering plants. Submission frequency: once every two weeks.
The best temperature for growing in the summer varies from 21 to 26 ° C. In winter, Crinum needs a temperature not lower than 13-19 ° C.
This representative of the flora refers to the light-loving flowers. He needs maximum access to sunlight.
The plant loves to grow on the south side of the room next to a large window.
Than more Crinum gets the sunthe better and more active it grows. In winter, she likes additional artificial lighting.
To shade a plant with foil from the sun's rays is not necessary. In the summer, this representative flora likes to be in the fresh air.
At this time it can be taken out to a garden, the seasonal dacha, a loggia, a balcony, a porch. If this is not possible - the room is necessary. air thoroughly.
Diseases and pests
With poor flower care affected by spider mites and mealy insects.
Pests are cleaned with cotton wool moistened with potassium permanganate, alcohol or laundry soap.
If folk remedies did not help, then the flower sprayed with "Aktellik", "Aktar" or "Bankol".
All children and animals are taken out of the premises beforehand.
After spraying, the plant is placed out of the reach of children and pets. In case of ingestion of drugs on the skin or inside, it is urgent to consult a doctor.
Of diseases at "Crinum" was observed only root decay. The reason is excessive watering. At the first sign, the flower is transplanted into another pot, poured a new soil and stop watering. Heavily rotted areas of the roots are removed with garden shears.
Crinum is an evergreen flowering plant. It responds well to podkorki, systematic watering and gentle care. Can tolerate direct sunlight.
It grows well in bright rooms at a temperature of 21-26 ° C. During the rest period may actively shed leaves. May be affected by a mealybug and spider mite.