Miniature roses are one of the amazing wonders of nature that never cease to please and surprise amateur flower growers and professionals all over the world, because against the background of other flowers they always go one step ahead, not without reason they are called royal, even in their miniature form.
For the first time, miniature roses were introduced to Europe at the beginning of the 19th century, but the real history of their distribution and development began a century later, it was then that a great many diverse forms and subspecies of this exquisite culture were obtained. No one will be able to argue with the harmony and beauty of this flower, anyone who at least once spotted these multi-colored mini flowers with their own eyes, will want to get such a charming creation for his window sill.
However, after buying a quite pretty and healthy rose, many people have a large number of questions and sometimes disappointments, because even with stable watering and compliance with the basic recommendations, she does not always continue to please her new owner with lush flowering and a fresh look.
It happens even worse: not a couple of months pass, as the flower begins to wither, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, a little more time passes, and one blackened stump remains in the pot.
The most regrettable thing is that neither transplanting nor feeding helps, what's the real problem? How to properly care for the room rose so that it pleases its owners with dense foliage and lush flowering?
It turns out that such a “royal” flower requires a truly royal treatment, caring for miniature homemade roses is not easy and requires a lot of effort, but it's worth it! It is not enough just to go and get the first flower you like, it is important to pay attention to its appearance, and a large number of buds or flowers do not yet indicate its maturity and health.
With good care, you can achieve even greater flowering, but with a plant that is completely devoid of young shoots, and even has signs of disease (yellowed leaves, bare stems), it will be very difficult. Be sure to inspect the flower, if all the leaves are fresh and green, on the branches you can see at least a few new shoots, then this rosette can be taken, because it is in the phase of active growth, and, therefore, its adaptation in a new dwelling will be much easier.
The main points of care for miniature roses
So, the new rosette was successfully delivered home, what to do with it further? Many are trying to immediately transplant the plant into a new pot, so to speak, to update the soil, but still you should not hurry with this, give the flower a few days to settle down in the conditions of a new house.
It is important to immediately understand the place where your new “pet” will live, most experienced gardeners recommend southern windows in winter and springtime, but in summer and autumn it may be hot in them, so during this period it’s better to choose west or southwest .
The most important thing is for the rose to have enough sunlight, but at the same time, it must be protected from direct sunlight. Remember that lighting is a very important moment of care, if it is not followed, it will be very difficult to preserve the beauty of the plant.
Examine the flower further: if it is still quite young, then it is better not to let it bloom for the first time, you have to pinch off the bud, and pinch the tip of the stem with something. A similar procedure must be done with a developed kidney: find it and pinch the stem that grows right above it.
Do not worry, such a seemingly barbaric procedure will give your rose at least two new escapes, on which, in turn, several more new buds will appear. They will also need to pinch off, after which, finally, a young but already very strong and properly developing plant will be formed, which can be allowed to bloom.
Watering and temperature control
As we already said, miniature roses are very capricious plants, it is important to approach each care point correctly and with knowledge.
Watering such a flower will directly depend on the season: in the summer you have to watch the rose especially as the soil dries, it must be watered at least once a day, and sometimes even two in the morning and evening. It is very important to ensure that the earthen room does not dry out and does not crack, after that it will be very difficult to restore your beautiful woman’s health, but do not forget that it is impossible to be zealous in this matter.
After watering, after half an hour, all the water that will be collected in the pan, must be poured to prevent rotting of the roots. Toward the end of the summer, watering begins to decrease, first up to several times a day, in winter - to 1 time a week.
It is not recommended to use cold water for irrigation, ideally it should be a little warm and filtered. It is possible to spray a rose, however, neatly: in the summer it is enough once a week to get rid of the accumulated dust.
Too often, this operation is not recommended, as it can lead to fungal diseases and further death of the flower.
As for the air temperature, the rose has its preferences here: in summer it should not exceed 25 °, in winter - not more than 10-15 °. In the summer, such a plant will feel better on the open balcony or in the yard, and it is better to spend the winter on a cool window-sill.
Transplantation and fertilizer
At the end of winter, the flower should be gradually prepared for awakening, if necessary, it can be moved to a new soil and a larger pot can be picked up, each year its diameter can be increased by 1 cm. Transplanting roses is a simple process, but still requiring attention and accuracy.
To do this, pick a loose and light ground, you can purchase special mixes for miniature roses. At the bottom of the pot it is necessary to lay out the drainage, not less than 1 cm thick. Try not to disturb the earth lump, it should not crumble, just carefully remove the upper, already unsuitable, layer of soil.
With the roots, behave very carefully, if there are rotten areas - cut them off. It is not necessary to tamp the ground from above, just water a flower, and if the soil settles, pour more.
Since the rose is a flowering plant, it spends a lot of strength on its beauty, which means it must be constantly fed. To do this, you must buy a special fertilizer and according to the instructions on the label, once every 10-12 days fertilize with irrigation.
Before the winter months, the intensity of fertilizing should be reduced, make sure that the fertilizer does not contain nitrogen, since the rose does not need this substance before the resting season.
Do not worry if in winter the rosette will throw off most of the foliage - this is a normal process, as a result of which in the spring it will please you with new lush flowers and fresh foliage.
How to care for a miniature room rose
For a normal existence, a rose needs all the maximum light that you can give it. But this “maximum” should not include summer sun rays. All windowsills of south orientation are suitable for its maintenance. But the sun's rays are allowed only in the morning (southeast) or evening (southwest). In the midday hours, protect the indoor rose from the direct sun. If this is not possible, then it is better to put it on the east or west side.
During flowering, which, with proper care, necessarily falls in the summer, a miniature rose will feel best in the fresh air. If possible, take it out to the balcony, loggia, front garden, take it to the country house, etc. When placing it on the street, consider and recommendations for lighting. Roses do not like strong heat, especially overheating of the soil. For garden plants, this is not a particular problem, but a potted rose is another matter. In an enclosed space, the soil can become very hot. To protect it from this, take only light-colored pots for the plant or wrap them with reflective materials for the summer. If the rose stays in the room for the summer, then the room temperature is suitable for it, but if you have an air conditioner in the room, keep the rose away from a stream of cold air.
Rest period of room rose
In winter, a miniature indoor rose retires. And to create suitable conditions for it, perhaps, the most difficult in caring for her. The temperature during this period should be + 6-8 degrees. Proper wintering is the key not only to the future flowering, but also to the very existence of the rose. This period begins shortly after flowering, usually from mid-late fall. Symptoms are normal - the leaves begin to turn yellow. It is from this moment that wintering begins.
For many winter plants, it is enough to move them to the window sill, where the temperature is below the average room temperature. But for a miniature rose, this option is not suitable. Anyway, the temperature is high. The easiest way to bring it to a loggia or a warmed balcony. But even here, it is not without a trick ... As well as overheating of the soil, a room rose does not tolerate overcooling it. During wintering pot should be kept at a slightly higher temperature than the aboveground part of the plant. Therefore, when transferring a flower in a cool room, be sure to take care of the warming of the pot. It can be wrapped with insulating material or put in a box with sawdust. Protect the plant from cold drafts and make sure that the temperature does not fall below the recommended. If necessary, warm the aboveground part of the rose. Around February, the plant begins to wake up. From this point on, it can be gradually accustomed to room temperature. If everything is done as it should, then in early March the home rose will give the first buds.
Watering and humidity
In the summer, it is necessary to water the rose abundantly and regularly, to prevent the land from drying out. But if summer is not particularly hot or the plant is standing in your open air, and the rains are frequent, then beware of the bay of the plant. Overflowing for room roses is more dangerous than overdrying. During the rest period, watering is also necessary, but extremely rarely. Usually enough one or two irrigations for the entire period. But it is necessary to reduce watering already before the transition to wintering, after the end of flowering. Begin to water the roses with the appearance of buds. But it should be very moderate. With the growth of plants and the emergence of an increasing number of leaves, watering increases. Water for irrigation is desirable at room temperature and even higher. Be sure to defend the water taken from the tap.
During the period of active development and flowering, especially if the indoor rose is in the room, be sure to spray it. Moreover, once every 7-10 days, arrange for the plant to wash under a warm shower. Spraying can not be ignored. From the dried air will begin to dry leaves, but the worst thing is the appearance of pests. About them below.
Rose fertilizers are needed only during budding and flowering. Feed it every 7-10 days with fertilizer for flowering plants. By the end of flowering, which usually falls at the end of summer - the beginning of autumn, stop feeding.
The first transplant of room roses is carried out after its purchase. But not at once. First, the plant must undergo mandatory quarantine and adaptation to your conditions. It usually takes two weeks to identify, unnoticed when buying a disease and pests, as well as the plant acclimatized. After this, be sure to transplant the rose into a slightly larger pot.
Planned transplantation of room roses is carried out each spring. If during the winter there was no trouble, then there is no need for a full transplant. Roots of plants are quite gentle and once again disturb them undesirable. You can only slightly clean the top layer of the earth, but without exerting any effort. Part of the land, if it is compiled correctly, will crumble by itself. In fact, this is also a transshipment into a larger 2-3 cm in diameter and 4-5 cm in height pot.
Land for room roses should be light enough and nutritious. I advise novice gardeners to buy ready-made specialized mix. Those who wish to compile it themselves can use this recipe:
Four parts of sod and humus (greenhouse) land and one part of sand (perlite).
The easiest way to propagate room rose cuttings. The technology is the same as for the Chinese rose, Benjamin Ficus, Fatty, etc. This is done in the autumn after the planned pruning. Healthy, well developed cuttings with three to four buds are selected from the trimmed twigs. If necessary, the cuttings are shortened to 15 centimeter length, and put in a container with water. Water should not be below room temperature. In about 15 days, the cuttings will give the first roots. Since the cuttings do not need a rest period at all, they can be left in the water for quite a long time. During this time, and the roots of the future roses will develop well. Then, towards the end of winter, you can already plant in the ground.
After flowering, the rose is usually pruned. Although the care of a room miniature rose does not exclude spring pruning. On each sprig after pruning, 4-5 buds should remain, the rest is removed (leaves do not need to be removed). Trimming must be done. Otherwise, abundant flowering is not obtained.
Diseases and pests
If the care was correct, and the home rose was kept in good conditions, then diseases and pests will bypass it.
However, powdery mildew may appear, which can be easily recognized by white bloom on the branches and leaves of the plant. At the first manifestations of the disease, treat the flower with foundationol or any other suitable fungicide.
Among the pests are the most harmful spider mites and aphids. Especially tick. This pest is especially dangerous for roses. He is able to destroy her in a matter of days. How to deal with it read - here. Aphid also causes considerable damage, but mostly it is limited to the destruction of buds. How to win it is written - here.
Varieties and varieties suitable for growing at home
To achieve a beautiful long-term flowering, for a rose at home you need:
- provide room for
- maintain optimum humidity and air temperature
- follow the rules of watering depending on the time of year
- periodically carry out the necessary hygiene procedures,
- monitor the plant and prevent contamination of diseases and pests from other indoor plants.
After taking care of proper wintering of your home rose, you can see the first buds as early as March, and with proper care, the plant will decorate your home with lovely flowers, eclipsing all other greens with its beauty.Video about room rose care
Now in any flower shop you can find miniature roses of various varieties, excellently suitable for growing at home. Outwardly, they are very similar to ordinary garden ones, only smaller in size - compact bushes reach only 35 cm in height. The miniature beauty in the pot looks unusually elegant: on the background of small neat leaves of dark green color contrasting spots stand out charming flowers with a diameter of one and a half to four centimeters, painted in different tones and spreading a wonderful fragrance.
Of the miniature roses, the following varieties grow especially well at home: Judy Fischer with pink terry flowers, copper pink New Penny, carmine Angela Rippon, Baby Darling orange-pink, fragrant pale yellow flowers Yellow Doll, scarlet Starina with intense aroma and silver pink variety Cinderella.
In addition to miniature roses for growing at home, you can choose low varieties of other varieties:
- unpretentious Bengal, providing long-term lush flowering (Ophelia variety with apricot-pink flowers, Pink Grothendors variety blooming twice a year with pink rose inflorescences),
- strongly branching multicolored polyanthus (Orange Triumph variety with bright red flowers, pale pink fragrant flowers of Clotilde Super variety, Miniatures grade with small terry flowers of pink and white color),
- fragrant hybrid tea (variety La France with strongly double flowers, Miss Rowena Tom, Grousse en Teplitz, Jules Boucher).
If you want to move into the apartment low varieties growing in your flower garden, choose those plants that were obtained from cuttings, with their own roots, and not grafted on the hips. Otherwise, you are unlikely to be able to save your own grown roses - caring for them in indoor conditions will not bring results.
Transplant and care for purchased room rose
Flower shops mainly sell miniature species brought from abroad, which means that plants are weakened by various growth regulators and stimulants. Having brought such a rose home, you will need to take care of transplanting it into a more spacious pot with fresh earth.
If the flower is young, the first buds will have to be removed, no matter how sorry they are. But, sacrificing a few small buds, in return, you will receive a richly flowering shrub. Первый появившийся бутон нужно не просто удалить, а прищипнуть стебель над хорошо развитой почкой, из которой потом появятся сразу два побега. На них нужно будет проделать такую же процедуру с прищипыванием стеблей. А с появлением побегов третьего порядка уже можно смело разрешать домашней розе цвести!
Цветущие, хорошо развитые растения зачастую обрабатывают препаратами, которые замедляют развитие новых почек. Однако, как только препарат перестает действовать, почки активно пускаются в рост, и куст может быстро приобрести неправильную форму и неопрятный вид. This usually happens closer to the spring, so you must first have time to carry out the formative pruning of the bush, and your home beauty will remain compact.
Blooming, well-developed miniature roses are often treated with drugs that slow down the development of new buds.
As for the transplant, you should not carry it out on the same day when you purchased the rosette. Let the plant get used to the new conditions a little. To do this, put the flower pot on the southeast or east window and water as needed for several days.
Transplantation is as follows:
- prepare a pot a little larger than the one in which the plant was,
- if other flowers used to grow in the pot, wash it with warm water without soap,
- Lay a claydite layer for drainage at 1 cm at the bottom of the pot; in the absence of a drain hole, make a drainage layer 3 cm,
- put nutrient soil from turf soil, humus and sand over the claydite, adding complex fertilizer,
- sprinkle the soil with fertilizers with a layer of soil without fertilizers, so as not to burn the roots,
- pour the home rose plentifully and after 20 minutes carefully remove it from the previous container, trying not to destroy the clod of earth and not to damage the roots (fertilizer granules remaining in the roots should not be flushed),
- place the stem with a lump of earth in the pot (the root neck should be under the ground), sprinkle it with soil mixture from all sides, compact it and top so much soil so that there is a couple of centimeters to the edge of the pot,
- spray the foliage with water and place in a shaded place.
Transplant home rose
Within a day, it will be possible to move the transplanted rosette to its permanent place and water it under the root with settled water about the extent of drying out of the soil. Starting next month, begin feeding, watering the plant every two weeks with a solution of mineral fertilizer or sprinkling the leaves.
No matter how capricious an indoor rose is considered, caring for it will not require much effort if you take care of creating suitable conditions. First of all, it concerns the light mode and air humidity. The dry air flower is contraindicated, so during the heating season it is especially important to spray it regularly. And in the summertime, it is advisable to move the roses to the balcony, to the terrace, to the street, or at least open the windows so that, because of the stuffiness in the rooms, the residents of the pots do not stop their flowering. Like garden species, indoor needs a lot of light, but you should not keep it constantly on the south window, otherwise the flowers will quickly open and immediately fall down.Video about the care of indoor roses
How to care for a home rose at different times of the year? In the summer, it will be necessary to water the flower abundantly, not allowing the earthen coma to dry out, and also to make sure that the plant does not overheat and does not get sick. Fade flowers pruned pruners. In the fall, room flowers can be moved from the balcony to the southern windows and reduce the frequency of watering. At the end of flowering roses are rolled over to larger pots.
For the winter, it is advisable to move the plants to a cooler room (with a temperature of +15), if there is one, and if not, then at least keep them away from heating and household appliances. Preparing home roses for wintering is pruning the branches (no more than five buds are left on each), which can be used for subsequent propagation by cuttings. A flower is watered in the winter once a week, and with the arrival of spring and the opening of the first leaves, watering is increased and fed with a solution of bird droppings or mullein.
Features of indoor roses
Care for indoor roses at home does not imply special protection from the weather and pests. Of course, some measures will have to hold. For example, the sun can burn the leaves and on the window, and this should be worried. But at the same time, there will not be an abundant amount of pests, and the growth process itself will be calm, measured and safe.
Particular attention should be paid to climatic conditions. After all, they are not the same in the first place. Having understood the main differences, you can successfully grow both indoor and outdoor roses.
For a rose to be strong and healthy, initially buy a good plant. For this it is worth knowing some things that you may not know if you are buying a room rose for the first time.
Photos from the site: dom-zvetov.ru
What to look for when buying a flower?
To ensure the quality of the stems, be sure to consider them before purchasing. It is worth doing, even if you have to remove the gift bag. Stems should be green, without black spots. If everything is in order, feel free to buy a room flower. Otherwise, it is not necessary to take the plant, since it will live for you for a short time.
Also pay attention to whether the leaves fall on the rose, what color and elasticity they are. Ideally, the foliage should be dark green, lush. In the normal state, it covers the entire stem and holds well on it. Inspect the leaves for fungi and pests. It is clear that they should not be. Otherwise, you will have to start caring for a room rose with its treatment.
Photos from the site: flower-nt.pro
Begin to care for the room rose should be immediately after purchase. After all, the flower could be in a store for a long time, where they simply could not provide the necessary conditions. The sooner you create a pleasant atmosphere for your rosette, the faster it will adapt and delight you with beautiful flowers and fragrance.
What to do immediately after purchase?
How to care for a room rose after purchase?
- Wash it first. Do this in the shower with warm water. So you clean the leaves of the plant, because on the way they could get dust. If a mealy mite lives on a plant, warm water will wash it away.
- Replant the flower. Pick a larger pot than the original. Pour good land there. Try to place the plant in such a way as not to damage the roots. To do this, do not unravel them at all, just shake the ground outside as far as possible. Place more soil on top.
- Treat rose with Aktara. He kills pests. Even if they are not, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. (it is necessary to plant in accordance with the proportion of 1 g / 10 for watering and 4 g / 5 l for spraying the leaves.)
- If there are blackened areas on the stems, remove them. Crop should be in such a way that only green live stalks remain on the plant.
- If traces of the fungus are visible on the leaves or stalks, they must be treated with special preparations.
After these measures can be taken for the choice of place for the cat. It should meet the needs of room roses.
Photos from the site: www.botanichka.ru
Where better to place?
Care for indoor roses at home should begin with the correct habitat. The plant loves the sun, so it will grow reluctantly in the shade. Choose a bright room or balcony, place your rose there. Pay attention to the fact that it is not burned by direct sunlight. They can greatly damage the plant. Well, if the windows are curtained with light curtains. Thus, the light in the room will be in sufficient quantity, and there will be no problems from the rays of the sun. Get the so-called diffused light. In this form, it is useful to people.
Room rose grows poorly in the shade. In such conditions, it can simply stop blooming, or even fall ill.
Protect from the sun and roots. To do this, wrap the pot with something white. This color repels the sun's rays, which reduces the degree of heating.
Photos from the site: frutisad.ru
Room rose loves the fresh air. It is better to place it so that it is often aired. This may be a window seat or temporarily on the balcony.
Photos from the site: www.planetviolets.com
Room rose love space. You should not place it in the general heap of flowers. It is better to leave her an individual space where she could grow and breathe.
A pot of room roses located on the window should be rotated periodically. This will allow the plant to receive an equal amount of sunlight from all directions. Thus, the stems and leaves will grow evenly.
Photos from the site: zelenvdom.com
For irrigation room roses take defended water. Well, if it is still warm. Water the flower so that the potted earth is always wet. Only a slight drying of the upper layer is allowed. On hot days it is worth doing it in the evening when the air temperature drops a bit. It should be remembered that abundant watering is also not useful. They can provoke root rot. Especially often this happens in winter when the plant requires less water.
Photos from the site: domfloris.ru
Periodically spray the plant with fresh water. This will set the optimum level of humidity in the room, as well as wash the leaves. In hot weather, spraying will reduce the effects of high temperatures. But in any case, do not do it under the scorching sun.
Photos from the site: www.tipsplants.ru
Periodic fertilization is another answer to the question of how to properly care for indoor roses. Without top dressing the plant will not be able to live for a long time, well, and you can not see the flowers at all. The land in the pot will become exhausted with time, which is not the best way to affect the plant. Therefore, fertilizer is an indispensable point of care for a room rose at home.
It is necessary to fertilize the land near the flower once a week. This is done during the period of active spring growth and flowering. When autumn comes and the plant no longer throws out the buds, the number of dressings must be reduced, or even completely eliminated. It all depends on the quality of wintering. If it is warm, then rare feeding will have to leave.
Photos from the site: irecommend.ru
Roses at home require special fertilizers. Do not buy universal means for feeding. They will not be able to provide the plant with all necessary. The absence of certain trace elements provokes a deterioration in the appearance of the rose, and even its disease.
It is possible not to pour out all the fertilizer at the root at once, but to divide the weekly rate into 7 parts in order to add a little each day. This method makes feeding more digestible. In addition, small doses will not salt the soil.
In the first few months after the purchase of fertilized indoor rose is not worth it. Most likely, she was well fed in the store, and with long-lasting means. Adding additional substances may damage the soil. Sick roses also do not require a lot of fertilizer, as they lack the strength to process and assimilate substances.
Proper care of a room rose involves pruning a flower. It prevents decay of individual stems, and also forms a bush, making it uniform, lush and not thickened. A rose that has not been cut in time suffers, as its leaves and sprouts receive little air. Also in the thick of various pests can live. All this is displayed at the level of flowering plants.
Cropped indoor rose in late winter - early spring. During this period, the plant wakes up and begins to be actively involved in growth. It's time to save it from dried stems and leaves. Also sanitary pruning should be done in the fall. This will allow the rose not to spend a lot of energy on life support during the hibernation period.
Photos from the site: moyadacha.temaretik.com
Regularly trim and bloomed buds. You can wait for them to fall away, but it will take time. Dried areas will spoil the picture, and even continue to pull the juice from the plant.
Like any plant, a room rose can get sick. This is mainly due to the pests that are also infested in the room. Often the cause is improper care. Rose can be affected:
To save the plant from such things, you need to wash it once a week. This will help wash the pests off the leaves and stems. After that, if necessary, the plant is sprayed with special disinfectants.
Photos from the site: rusfermer.net
It is worth noting that pests live on plants always, but they cannot multiply much. If there was a sharp increase in their population, then the flower is weakened. This may be due to inadequate care. The reproduction of pests contributes to a small amount of light and fresh air, a large amount of moisture. This is especially common in winter.
Features of summer care
There are no special recommendations for growing roses in summer. Naturally, this should be sufficient watering and protection from the heat and the scorching rays of the sun. Also summer care consists in cleaning the fallen leaves and feeding.
Summer time is an ideal time for transplanting indoor flowers. At this time, you can expand the area for the plant, add a new good soil. Also in the summer you can temporarily plant a room rose in the open soil.
Photos from the site: www.sendflowers.ua
In winter, the rose is in a state of hibernation. For this period it is necessary to prepare. The flower is carried to the room (if it was located on the balcony). This is done when the temperature is set at 15 degrees. Watering is reduced, now they are needed no more than once every three days. You can do this using a pallet. Water from it is still absorbed into the soil, but the roots will not be affected by the flow. Feeding at this time stopped altogether.
Photos from the site: vk.com
Pick the optimal place for room roses. It should be on the south side. It is not advisable to place a flower near the batteries, since the air there is usually dry. In addition, in such a place can flow hot air. Such drops are not the best impact on the plant.
Room rose does not like electromagnetic radiation, so put it away from household appliances.
So that the plant does not suffer from dry air, often spray it on top. This will help to neutralize the harm from domestic heating.
The conditions of winter roses should be thought out. If the room is warm enough, you should think about normal lighting. If there is little natural light, finish the flower with a lamp. Otherwise, the plant will spend too much energy on providing all the processes of vital activity, and this will weaken it. If you can not extend the light day, then keep a cool rose (+ 13-15). In such conditions, it will go to half asleep, all processes in it will slow down. Decide on a strategy, then act.
Indoor roses: types, photos and names of varieties for growing at home
Immediately, we note that there are no special varieties of roses bred just for this purpose for growing indoors. Although today the famous rosemaking companies of Meiyan, Meyland and others offer small and compact container hybrids that grow and develop beautifully in small volumes of land.
Mainly for home cultivation, ordinary roses are used for the garden, which are small in size, since this crop requires a lot of light and enough space for good health.
Hybrid tea, low polyanthus, miniature and container hybrids, as well as Bengal roses from the group of old roses, are best suited for growing in rooms.
But from our point of view, Bengal roses are best suited for growing at home, because they do not require pruning, they branch well and do not grow much in height. In addition, they even contraindicated strong pruning, as it can lead to the death of plants. The big advantages of this rose are the compact form of the bush and the long flowering. Semi-double middle roses of this species have almost no smell. Interestingly, they are often called Chinese or Indian, since in European countries they originated from Bengal and China.
When choosing a variety for cultivation indoors, the presence and power of the aroma must be taken into account. After all, not all people can withstand strong odors that can cause headaches and even allergies. But if, nevertheless, the choice fell on a rose that has a pronounced aroma, then it is better not to put it near the place to sleep.
Varieties of indoor roses (with a description and photo of the most successful miniatures)
- Variety "Baby Masquerade" (Baby Masquerade) usually reaches a height of about 30 cm on a fairly strong little branched shoots that form a narrow bush, there are almost no spines. Small beautiful dark green leaves with a shiny surface are perfectly set off by spectacular chameleon flowers three to four centimeters wide. They bloom in inflorescences, consisting of 3-12 pieces. Their color during flowering changes several times. First, it is lemon yellow, then turns into pink, and then into watercolor red. Delicate fruit aroma persists throughout the flowering, which is almost not interrupted. This rose is well opposed to various diseases.
- The variety "Angela Rippon" (Angela Rippon) refers to the miniature roses. During flowering, it is covered with many small flowers with a width of three to four centimeters with a strong pleasant aroma. They are formed in inflorescences consisting of 3-5 pieces. Low and compact bushes about 40 cm in height are created by branched shoots with a large number of small dense leaves of a dark green shade. During the cultivation necessarily carried out preventive treatment against powdery mildew and black spot. Растения не требуют обрезки. Этот сорт прекрасно чувствует в горшках и других емкостях небольшого объема. Подкормки таких растений проводят в небольших дозах, но достаточно часто.
- Сорт «Истер Морнинг» (Easter Morning) привлекает внимание довольно высокой устойчивостью к грибковым заболеваниям. Thick and neat shrubs consist of a large number of straight-shoots with harsh dark green leaves with shine. The creamy-white, double-colored flowers with a width of about 4 centimeters have a faint fragrance. They bloom in inflorescences, numbering up to 25 pieces. Lush flowering continues almost without interruption.
- The compact shrubs of the Fire Princess variety grow in height from 30 to 40 cm. They are formed from upwardly branched shoots that are covered with attractive shiny dark green leaves with fine teeth on the edges. Terry flowers with a diameter of three - four centimeters painted in a reddish-orange shade. They are formed on the tips of the shoots in the inflorescences of 3-5 pieces. This rose is affected by powdery mildew and black spot.
- Under the name of the variety "Hummingbird" (Colibri), there are two roses that were bred on the well-known company Meylanda. The first appeared in 1958, and the second - two decades later. Narrow and rather thick bushes about 35 centimeters high are formed by slightly deviated and slightly branched shoots with dense shiny leaves, painted in a dark green shade. The medium size (4 to 5 cm) terry flowers consist of 25 petals and have a pleasant delicate tea aroma. Flower color can vary from yellowish-orange to intense apricot with a yellow tinge. Roses are located in inflorescences, consisting of 3 to 5 pieces. Lush bloom repeated several times.
- Grade "Yellow Doll» (Yellow Doll) was obtained in 1962. Small and neat bushes about 30 cm in size during the lush flowering are covered with a large number of large fragrant flowers, which are painted in a bright yellow-lemon shade. The number of petals on one flower can reach up to 50.
- Stars & Strips variety (Stars’n’Stripes) was bred in the USA in 1975 by the famous breeder Ralph Moore. This is the first variety with stripes on the petals, which later became the parent of many striped roses. Spectacular narrow bushes with a height of 40 to 50 cm consist of branched straight shoots with almost no thorns. Beautiful leaves painted in a light green tint. Terry white flowers have a large number of crimson strips of various widths. They are located in the inflorescences of 3-5 pieces. Flowering lasts almost continuously.
- Not very big, but wide bushes of the variety “Green Ice” (Green Ice) about 0.6 meters high, and 0.8 meters wide also belong to miniature roses. They attract attention with high resistance to such dangerous diseases as black spot and powdery mildew. This rose was created in 1971 in the United States. Terry roses with a width of three to four centimeters appear on the bushes in waves, but even in the breaks there are always several blooming roses. Attention is drawn to the original color of flowers. From pink buds bloom white roses with a green tint. In the center of the rose there is a small green spot. Attractive dark green leaves emphasize inflorescences consisting of three to five roses.
Here is another selection of beautiful varieties for growing at home:
How to choose plants in a store or garden center
When picking roses for a room, be sure to pay attention to the appearance of the bush. It should look attractive and fresh. All branches and leaves should be green, juicy, without any spots and dried ends. It is necessary to ensure that young shoots are not elongated. The determining factor when buying roses for home growing is health, not the number of buds on the plant.
Also pay attention to the roots and stems of the bush. They should not be any dried up areas and damage. If the plant is sold in a pot or some other container, the soil in the container should be soft, breathable and without insects on the surface, not to mention signs of rotting.
Remember that in no case can not acquire rose bushes with fallen leaves or whitish bloom on the leaves, because for beginners the chance to go out such plants is very small. And, in addition, money, time and a large number of forces will be spent.
Room rose care (basic requirements)
Growing roses at home requires some knowledge and attention. But even with proper and attentive care, rose bushes sometimes die. In this case, do not worry, - most likely, the immunity of the plant was severely damaged by any chemistry. We will "wean" them from the excess salt, and immediately after purchase.
What you need to do immediately after purchase
Just bought a rose for the first time (about a week) is placed on a fairly bright windowsill (preferably northern) without direct sunlight. At the end of this time, sanitize with soapy water. They need to wipe each leaf on both sides, as well as shoots. Then put the plant in the shower for a few seconds.
If drying buds and tips of the leaves began to appear on the bush, then it is necessary to urgently transplant with the complete replacement of the soil. And the thing is that firms engaged in the cultivation of container plants on an industrial scale, mostly think about getting a good profit, and not about the long life of a flower after it is sold.
Actually, most of the flowering plants are sold as a “living bouquet”, which is designed for one or two months of living in indoor conditions. Therefore, an excess amount of various fertilizers is often added to the soil, which the rose bushes simply cannot withstand. In this regard, it is desirable to carry out a complete replacement of the soil in a container or pot. About the time of its there are several points of view.
Some flower lovers believe that such a transplant should be carried out only a couple of months after the purchase. Others suggest not to wait so much time, but to replace the soil in one to two weeks after the acquisition. So who is right?
It seems that it is not necessary to rush to transplant if rooted cuttings were purchased. They are usually planted in 3-4 pieces in one container and brought to flowering. So young plants should definitely give time for good rooting and development. And after some time the plants can be neatly divided, and seated in separate small pots.
But if only one rose grows in a container, then it can immediately be transplanted into a nutritious fresh earth, suitable for the composition of this culture. At the bottom of the tank it is necessary to pour a drainage layer with a height of 2 to 3 centimeters. Best suited for this medium-sized expanded clay.
During transplantation, it is desirable to remove from the roots (gently and carefully) as much of the old earth as possible (especially if it was peat). Since even the small amount left on the roots, your rose bush will die rather quickly.
Also, when changing the soil be sure to inspect the root system. If some roots have a lifeless appearance and a dark brown color (and should be light), they are cut. If the root system was shortened strongly enough, then it should be treated with a special substance that stimulates the growth and development of the roots (in the form of powder), and then plant the plant. This may be heteroauxin, indolylbutyric acid, and preparations containing them.
After transplantation with a complete replacement of the soil, it is necessary to remove the buds so that the plant spends its strength not on flowering, but on rooting, which lasts from two to three weeks.
How to water a room rose at home
When caring for a rose, it is worth remembering that in hot summertime or during the period when the radiators are at full capacity, it needs regular watering to keep the soil in a moderately humid state. Here you need to stick to the "golden mean". It is impossible to allow complete drying of earthen coma, but also you can not leave the water after watering for more than half an hour. The tray must always be dry, stagnant water is sharply contraindicated. In the hot period, roses are watered every day, and weekly spraying is carried out.
Top dressing of room roses
Lush blooming indoor roses lasts almost continuously throughout the year, and for this they require a large amount of nutrients and strength. Therefore, for fertilizing use both organic and mineral fertilizers. Organic fertilizers that contain organic matter, mineral components and micronutrient fertilizers are best suited for this. They are produced in small convenient packages. Use any fertilizer you need according to the instructions.
A bit about the rest period
Room roses sometimes need to organize rest and best of all, so that it falls on the period from October to February, when the level of illumination is rather low. To do this, it is desirable to move the plant to a room with a temperature of about 10 degrees Celsius. And before that, it is necessary to remove nitrogen from fertilizing at the beginning of September, so that new shoots with leaves no longer grow, and their full maturation has passed.
Watering in this period of time is minimized, but it does not allow strong drying of the earthy coma. With the onset of February, the rose bush is brought into a warm room, they begin to conduct regular fertilizing and watering. Within a few weeks, the plant will have new shoots and leaves, and in the spring will begin flowering, during which it is necessary to remove dried flowers.
What to pay special attention to
When growing roses at home, there are a few things that cannot be done under any circumstances.
- The first thing you should know, roses absolutely do not like heat and overheating. The maximum temperature for it is 25 degrees Celsius. This culture is much easier to tolerate low temperatures than high. In this regard, it is impossible to place this plant on the southern windowsills in the summer, as this will lead to the destruction of the bushes due to intense sunlight and heat.
- When growing, attention should be paid to the moisture of the coma of the earth, as the rose reacts sharply to excessive moisture, which leads to the appearance of fungal diseases and rotting of the roots.
In summer, all varieties of indoor roses can be put on the loggia or veranda. They are accustomed to street conditions gradually, enduring for several hours. And in the fall, before bringing the plants into the apartment, they need to be thoroughly washed first with soapy water, and then under running water, so as not to carry spider mites from the street.
As you can see, these so-called “indoor” roses are not so capricious, and the listed species with photos and names of varieties will surely inspire you to give a place on the window sill to these miniature queens.
Features of growing
The choice of potted roses in a flower shop is so large that it can play a cruel joke with the buyer. For all the beauty and fragrances you need to see the bush, which will please the eye for many years, and will not wither immediately after purchase.
The first thing to consider is the leaves. In a healthy plant, they are green without damage and stains.
New shoots are another sure sign of a healthy plant. This is a kind of guarantee of further prosperity of the selected bush.
After buying a decorative rose, the main task is the right living conditions in a new place. The temperature in the room should be within 18-25 degrees.
Watering in the first days is not recommended. Store peat soil is not suitable for the life of a pot plant. Therefore, after three days of adaptation, the bush must be transplanted.
Preparing for a transplant
A pot for a new life of spray roses is needed larger than the past. The easiest way to buy the soil in the store. Also suitable room rose soil from under the fir trees with sand and peat. Such a ground is disinfected with a hot solution of manganese in water.
Rotted roots, buds and flowers are removed. Before transplantation should treat the leaves with soapy water. So warn various flower diseases.
Three months of adaptation, a decorative rose should be sprayed with a growth stimulator at least once every two weeks.
How to treat?
House rose at home is subject to various diseases. More often than others, it becomes infected with powdery mildew when leaves are covered with white scurf.
The flower shop serves special means of powdery mildew. There is a prescription homemade medicine: per liter of water - 2 teaspoons of soda. Wash the leaves every two weeks, preventing the soda solution from entering the soil.
Rose in room conditions is affected by aphids and spider mites. Insecticides are saved in this case; they can also be used for prophylaxis in a healthy plant.
How to plant a room rose?
It is easier to grow a decorative rose from a cutting. To choose for this you need summer months. The best time is June. Cuttings for planting need to be freed from buds, leave a couple of leaves and live buds.
After the cutting is placed on the day in a special solution for the formation of roots. Root cut should be right under the kidney. Root room rose can be different.
Put the container in a warm, well-lit place. The water in which the stalk is standing must be changed every day so that there is no mold on the cut.
In the ground stalk planted after the appearance of the first roots. The seedling is covered with a glass jar, not forgetting about watering and airing.
In the tuber is deepening, where stick a sprig of room roses. Potatoes are planted in the sand, leaving a few millimeters on the surface. For two weeks, cover with a glass jar. Recommended daily watering and ventilation. It remains to wait for the first leaves.
In pots or soil
Cuttings are placed directly in mixed soil. It should include land, humus and peat. The top layer is poured sand, in which a cutting is planted under an inclination and again covered with a can.
If the seedling is planted immediately in the pot, then the clay should be put on the bottom, and sand should be put on top of the soil. Further layout of the landing and care is the same as when working with the ground.
The process of growing roses from seeds is not simple, but interesting. Seeds of room roses can be bought at the store or wait from the existing bush house.
Seeds before planting for 20 minutes are placed in a three-percent hydrogen peroxide. The gauze moistened also in peroxide is put a triple layer in a special container.
The area of display of seeds - no more than one centimeter gauze. Above you need to put cotton wool, also soaked with peroxide.
The container with the seeds is cleaned into the polyethylene with holes and left in the refrigerator for about two months. As soon as the first sprouts appear, the seeds can be sent to peat pots.
Young seedlings need a constant temperature of +20. To do this, growers use lamp heating. The first buds are removed to leave strength for the still fragile plant.
Rose bought: save
The fact that the home rose is capricious - everyone knows. Becoming the owner of the flower, you need to think about saving it. If in the hands of a gift pot with a magnificent, magnificently flowering specimen, it means that the flower sold in the store received a good dose of stimulants, the effect of which, unfortunately, is very short. Yes, and gift wrapping in specialized flowers, contributing to the preservation of high levels of humidity. Deprived of intensive feeding and moisture, the flowers can quickly die. In order not to be disappointed in the gift received or in your ability to grow miniature roses, you must first take steps to preserve the plant.
Below is a list of mandatory actions.
- Specialized packaging, necessary to preserve moisture, but contributing to the development of fungal diseases, is removed under apartment conditions.
- The leaves and stems (withered, blackened, withered) are cut off.
- Without regret, not only the buds are cut, but also the stem bearing. Drastic measures will help preserve the greenhouse plant.
- If there are several plants in the gift pot, they are seated.
- The transshipment is accompanied by the treatment of antifungal and pests, for which such preparations as Fitosporin, Fitoverm, etc. can be used.
The care of home beauty is not limited to the listed actions. Below are the rules for keeping plants in apartment conditions.
Rose on the windowsill: varietal and species diversity
Tiny pink bushes are a great decoration for any windowsill. Having a height of no more than 35 cm, they are not inferior to their garden brothers. The following plant species are distinguished: miniature, Bengal, hybrid tea, remontant, ground cover, polyanthic and floribunda.
Varieties of roses, successfully grown in apartments, are very numerous:
- Orange Triumph
- New penny
- Yellow Doll,
- Judy Fischer
- Hi - Ho,
- Green Ice,
- Spice Drop, etc.
The queen of flowers is successfully grown in pots. Here, the rose of Bengal (Pink Grotendors) or the tea of hybrid rose (Spice Drop) feels great. A rose is polyanthic and floribunda, Angel wings and Happy Child, etc., feel better in tubs.
The main feature of the room rose is their ability to reproduce without problems by cuttings.
Home Care for the Queen
Говоря о южной красавице, любой человек, в первую очередь, имеет в виду восхитительный, пышно цветущий куст или крупные ароматные цветы. Роза в горшке изначально не может быть крупной, но продолжительность и обильность цветения – это итог мастерства и старания цветовода. А составляющими успеха являются следующие критерии:
- наличие достаточного свободного пространства,
- оптимальная влажность и приемлемая температура содержания,
- compliance with the rules of moistening of the earth coma,
- timely processing of the soil and the plant itself,
- prevention of diseases and the spread of pests.
Properly organized wintering of the flower will allow in early spring to admire the bright greens and numerous buds.
Before you think about wintering, remember that traditionally on the shelves of flower shops are placed miniature specimens of the flower, imported from foreign greenhouses. For growing for sale and long-term preservation of the presentation, flowers are fed with growth and flowering stimulants, which adversely affects the life expectancy of asthenia outside of greenhouse conditions.
Having purchased a similar copy, it is worth taking care of its preservation in the changed conditions. To do this, as noted above, the plant must be transplanted into a large container with fresh soil and remove all the buds, and not only the inflorescences are removed, but also part of the stem. New shoots appearing on the spot pruning also pinch. And only after that the possibility of home beauty blooming is allowed.
To preserve compact volumes of the rose bush in the period preceding the beginning of active growth of the kidneys, that is, in early spring, a formative pruning is carried out.
Proper growing conditions
Despite the well-established view of the capriciousness of a miniature beauty, even beginners can refuse to question how to care for a rose, provided the initial organization of acceptable flower maintenance conditions. The focus of the following options:
The main difficulties in growing a flower are in its susceptibility to diseases and damage by various pests.
Methods of dealing with them should be systematic. Effective drugs to prevent the reproduction of pests - Aktellik, Akarin, Strela, Aktara, etc. Along with non-toxic products, regular spraying with warm water is used. A warm shower is welcome.
Diseases of room roses can develop due to incorrectly chosen irrigation regime. Their treatment involves the treatment of bushes with effective mixtures and pruning of affected branches. There are such diseases:
Disease prevention - compliance with the temperature and irrigation regime. Adhering to the above conditions, it is possible to provide a miniature beauty with a long period of life and profusion of flowering.
Video “Why indoor roses dry”