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Invaluable, as indicated by experienced gardeners, is the use of the fruit of Chinese magnolia. This perennial vine grows quickly, has an attractive appearance, due to which it is often used in landscape design. From the fruits of this plant make jams, jelly, used for baking, desserts and a variety of drinks. It doesn’t cost much Chinese lemongrass - you can grow and maintain it yourself, using simple garden tools and organic fertilizers.

What is Chinese lemongrass

Chinese Lemongrass is a flower plant, a vine, which belongs to the genus Lemongrass. He is many years old. Among others, stands out for its strong stems. In length, lemongrass can grow up to 15 m, although only 1-2 cm in diameter. Young shoots of a plant can be recognized by their red-brown color, smoothness and glossiness of the coating. Older shoots, on the contrary, have peeling bark, dark brown. The leaves of lemongrass saturated green color, have the shape of an ellipse. Maximum length - 10 cm, width - 5 cm. The edges may have inconspicuous teeth.

If this useful form does not have proper conditions and care, it will gradually become like a bush, it will not bloom and bear fruit. Maturation occurs at the end of August or (more often) in the middle of September. Productivity - from 1 to 5 kg per season.

Important! Full brushes of berries of Schisandra Chinese so firmly hold on the branches that they never crumble.

In the Russian Federation most often grows in areas such as Khabarovsk, Primorsky, Amur, Sakhalin, Central Russia can boast of them.

Dioecious and monoecious

Lemongrass can be monoecious or dioecious. In the first case, the plant contains flowers with pistils and stamens. In the second case, the flowers of the plant contain only stamens or only pistils. Thus, only male or only female flower vines are formed. Although, as the experience of gardeners shows, about 35-40% of the plants belong to the male representatives, the number and variety of flowers in Chinese magnolia can vary annually. For example, in one year only male flowers grow on liana, in another year both male and female flowers.

On a note. For a good harvest in a private garden is better to plant monohome lianas. They do not need to have a plant pollinator in the neighborhood, so they are completely self-sufficient.

Flowers and fruits

As the description of the Chinese Schizandra in the scientific literature makes it clear, the plant begins to blossom in the warm season. As a rule, this is the end of May or the beginning of June. White buds with petals of the same color develop in the leaf axils. Sometimes you can see a pink base. Female flowers are distinguished by the presence of large green pistils, male flowers - by three stamens.

More flowers, as experience shows, bloom on those lianas whose height exceeds 2 meters. There are more female colors.

Male flowers are located at the bottom of the plant. Their pollen is carried up by the wind. Bees very rarely sit on lemongrass.

It is clear that more fruits of lemongrass can be collected at a height of 1 meter.

Given this feature, autumn and summer must become periods of cutting the vine. Otherwise, the thick leaves will not allow pollen to get into the female flowers, and there will be no harvest. Weather conditions remain important for this process. So, if during the season there is a lot of precipitation, then you should not count on succulent fruits, because pollen is transferred only in a dry form.

On a note. The fruits of the plant are bright red berries. They can be two-or single-seeded. They ripen gradually, you can try in October.

Plant benefits

As noted by breeders and gardeners, it is simply impossible not to love a plant like Chinese magnolia vine. It is justly called "home remedy", because it is very rich in minerals, vitamins. Magnesium, boron, iodine, copper, calcium, manganese, potassium, zinc, nickel - this is not a complete list of what is contained in the berries and bark of the plant.

Lemongrass has a healing effect if used in various neurological diseases. Due to the special composition, the fruits of vines help restore reflexes, promote muscle-nerve conduction. Other useful properties that are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry are:

Lemongrass gives healing effect

  • choleretic
  • wound healing
  • toning,
  • adaptogenicity
  • general body strengthening.

On a note. Medicines for the treatment of the cardiovascular system, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, dermatosis, psoriasis, various types of herpes, and tuberculosis are made on the basis of extracts of Schisandra Chinese.

He is allowed to patients with diabetes.

Harm to health

Although the plant is distinguished by its great benefit, meanwhile, doctors point out situations where it is categorically necessary to refuse berries of Schizandra. It is forbidden when:

  • cardiac arrhythmias,
  • epilepsy,
  • chronic liver disease,
  • increased blood pressure
  • strong nervous excitability,
  • acute infectious diseases
  • insomnia

On a note. Do not use the fruit of the plant for pregnant women, because with an excessive amount of berries consumed can happen uterus tone. They are prohibited for nursing mothers and children under 12 years old, because the plant tends to increase pressure.

Landing features

The best period for planting lemongrass is spring, but even before bud break. Humidity and positive temperatures give the plant a chance for successful germination. The best result can be expected if you plant the plant in a light loamy soil. Acidity should be minimal, because before planting a sapling of the vines in the planting hole, about 400 g of lime is put in there per 1 square meter. As for the seat itself, such a size would be optimal - 50 (depth) by 60 (width) by 60 (length) cm.

Important! Lemongrass can die from the flooded root system, so for its placement it is better to choose the area where the groundwater lies deep.

The bottom of the prepared pit is covered with a layer (up to 10 cm) of a mixture of gravel, sand and rubble. It is necessary to fill a hole with a selection soil. There you can also add superphosphate (250 g), compost, potash salt (not more than 90 g).

In the event that the selected area is on clayey heavy soils, it is recommended to add some sand to the landing pit.

Plant plants need at a distance of at least 1 meter from each other.

Breeding methods

Propagation of Schisandra Chinese can occur in several alternatives. The most popular of them are 3:

  1. Seeds. The best period to prepare the seed is winter. Starting in February, and until the planting period (April), seed should be stored in a cool place (for example, in a refrigerator or in a cellar). Moss or sand will be a great place for him. At least 3-4 days before planting seeds, soak them in clean water. Lemongrass will grow quickly if seedlings are planted in the so-called peat tablets or a mixture of: soil, humus and sand. In the partial shade, seedlings grow faster and develop more successfully.
  2. Root shoots. Gardeners call this method the simplest option. In early spring, even before bud breaks, 2-3 branches with a developed root system should be separated from the vine. The shoots can immediately be planted in a permanent place.

Important! The roots should be quite long - more than 30 cm.

  1. Cuttings. It is better to choose a young (last year), but already woody escape. Cut off this is better in early July. Next, the stalk should be placed on the day in the drug, which stimulates the development of the root system. Further the scrap is placed in a greenhouse or box. Coarse-grained sand or a mixture of soil and peat can be called the best base. After 36-45 days, the firstborn can be planted in open ground.

Reproduction on the trellis

Reproduction of Chinese magnolia vine

The method that allows the reproduction of schisandra on the trellis is called "taps". The basis for planting material can be taken from the annual and strong growths that have appeared on the basis of root shoots.

In early spring, put the vine on the prepared plot of land. At a length of 15 cm it is sprinkled with a mixture of soil and humus. The top must be attached to the trellis. Approximately in 4-6 months the plant will have roots, but the strong system will be formed only in 2-3 years.

Important! Special attention should be paid to soil moisture.

Plant Care

Quite often interested gardeners who grow Chinese lemongrass, planting and care in the suburbs of this plant. Meanwhile, to grow it, as it turns out, is quite easy. Proper care involves:

  • systematic watering - determine the amount of moisture you need by the appearance of the soil, it should not dry out to a depth of more than 3 cm,
  • Seasonal fertilizer application
  • tying to the supports,
  • loosening the soil around the trunk,
  • weed removal.

Important! If another plant is planted next to the Chinese lemongrass, then in 3 years they will intertwine as closely as possible, visually forming one liana.

Special attention should be paid to pruning the plant. If such a procedure is missed for two seasons in a row, then the crown will be so thick that there will be only a shadow around the berries. Accordingly, rely on a rich and fast harvest is not worth it.

The best time for circumcision is summer. Young shoots can pinch, but an important condition - they must be at least 10 buds.

To saturate the fruit with vitamins, the plant extracts them from the soil. Accordingly, every year the land on which the lemongrass grew is becoming increasingly depleted, the harvest of the vines is less and less. To avoid this, the owner should devote special attention to feeding. During one season, this will have to be done 4-5 times:

  1. In early spring, until the buds bloom. The best tool for this period will be nitrophoska. It should be used with the calculation of 50 grams per 1 square. m. The substance is diluted in water (in an arbitrary volume) and generously watered.
  2. In the period of completion of flowering organic fertilizers, including mullein, will be a good option. For one adult lemongrass such costs 10 liters.
  3. In the summer, the application of complex fertilizer will be appropriate.
  4. At the end of September, potash phosphate fertilizers can be applied.

Important! Fertilizers in dry form can be buried shallowly (up to a maximum of 6 cm).

Lemongrass Chinese tolerates transplant very poorly, because it is afraid of over-dried roots. Even if he gets accustomed to the new place, then, most likely, he will have an average harvest. If the owner of the transplant plant is mandatory, then you need to do it quickly. To begin with, it is necessary to prepare a new place (dig a hole) and material for backfilling, only after that take up digging the vines.

Summing up, it should be said that Schizandra Chinese is a relatively undemanding, but generous crop and beautiful in appearance. With a little effort to reproduce it, the owner will have a source of vitamins and minerals in his yard until late autumn.

11 rules for growing lemongrass in the country


Stefan NEDYALKOV 03/22/2014 | ਁ 4132

Grow lemongrass on the summer cottage is quite simple. But if you want the plant to produce a truly good harvest of berries, follow the suggested tips.

Soil composition should be as close as possible to the natural. My lemongrass grows along a fence on sandy soil. Moisture on the surface never stagnates. If there are no such conditions, then you need to make a good drainage and pour a high bed. Due to the fact that clean sand is infertile, and the root system of schisandra is mostly superficial, until August every 7-10 days feed upyoung plants (before fruiting) diluted organic. At the same time it is watering. Pay special attention to leaf color. If they get a light shade, then the plant needs a little pritenit. In general, the lighter the leaves, the greater the shadow should be. In the conditions of the central part of the middle band, the sunflower needs the sun, in the more southern areas - partial shade. So that the soil in the root zone does not dry out, mulch it or shade it. With the beginning of fruiting stop all feeding (as well as watering in the central and northern parts of the middle zone). Even a slight wilt is not dangerous for lemongrass. Only in the fall I mulch the soil with fallen leaves (15-20 cm) or compost (5 cm). Such spartan conditions make the plants not to fatten, but to plant flower buds, mostly female. Even those lianas that were purely masculine can change their type for a mixed one, which I have observed more than once. Excessive thickening dramatically reduces the yield of lemongrass. Small insects pollinate it. Male flowers are mainly located in the lower tier of vines. Therefore, the pollen still needs to rise up. Without thinning pruning such conditions cannot be met. Flowers of lemongrass should be well lit by the sun, especially the morning. Before the start of sap flow, at the beginning of March, first of all cut out or I shorten all intertwined tops. I pinch up to 30 cm shoots of the second order. The branches of the third order do not touch, they are so short. I prune all the dry shoots, leaving a powerful, young or lower shoots to grow, directing and tying it to the right place. Sure to I limit the growth of the bush. The fact is that an increase in the nutritional area affects the fruiting of schisandra. Saplings (at least two) located at a distance of 50 cm from each other. They must be grown from seeds or taken from different places in order for plants to have different varietal characteristics. This technique greatly increases the yield of vines. Garden forms are usually self-fertile, but, as practice has shown, such vines are less winter-hardy and often freeze in severe winters. You can multiply lemongrass layering, but only in the spring, as soon as the soil thaws. The root system of the layers is extremely weak, filiform, it dries easily. In other cases, planting is preferred seedlings. Do not believe, if sellers say that the purchased seedling will begin to bear fruit in 2-3 years. First, the plant must grow to at least 1.5 m in length (which is impossible in the first year of planting). Then second-order shoots grow from it, on which flower buds are formed, for the first time mostly male type. Thus, fruiting will not be earlier than in 4 years. There will be practically no harvest without a trellis, therefore support is necessary. The bulk of the berries is located in the upper and middle parts of the vine, dominated by female flowers. Exclusively "Female" creepers are less common than purely "male". Most plants of mixed type. If frosts below -4 ° C occur during flowering, it is almost impossible to preserve the harvest. In this situation, only double protection can help: lemongrass shelter and smoking. Not a bad option - sprinkling. However, you need to spend it all night until it gets warmer.

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Lemongrass Chinese: effective tips on planting and care

The shrubs of Chinese Schizandra are famous not only for their beneficial properties, but also for their decorative beauty. In the spring, the culture will decorate the garden with snow-white blooms, and in summer the branches of the plant will adorn the tassels of the fruit. To grow a Chinese lemongrass on your site, you need to know the characteristics of this culture. Proper planting and maintenance, which will be carried out in accordance with its specificity, will help to achieve the desired results.

Why grow lemongrass?

Due to the high content of schizadrin, malic and ascorbic acids in the Chinese schizandra, as well as essential oils and many other useful elements, not only the fruits and leaves of schisandra are valued, but the bark and seeds.

Homeland of this culture is the Far East. But over the years the plant has spread to many countries. And now there is a rather large variety of cultivated forms and varieties of lemongrass. Wide scope of this miracle plant. Chinese lemongrass is used in the preparation of teas and beverages. It is also used in the food industry, as an additive to sweets. В выращивании же его главное это правильная посадка, а также полноценный уход.

Как выбрать посадочный материал

Наиболее подходящими для посадки являются саженцы с возрастом 2-3 года (см. фото). Despite the fact that their creepers may have a small length, the root system will already be well developed. Lemongrass roots should not be dry. It is advisable that they be recently dug out and with a clod of earth.

Seeds, however, as a planting material, are more often used for planting and growing crops in nurseries. But it is also possible to grow a plant from seeds in your own plot. However, the care they need is more scrupulous. Some of the secrets of growing video will tell.

How to plant a plant on the site

If you plan to plant Chinese Schizandra on the site, be sure to select the site correctly. Picking up the right place with a suitable soil composition, the cultivation of lemongrass will deliver the most successful results.

When choosing a suitable place, remember that Chinese lemongrass likes warm sunny areas and does not tolerate drafts and cold winds.

Ideally, if you have a place to land on the west or east side relative to the outbuildings.

Keep in mind that in the rain water from the roof should not water the plant. Therefore, it is recommended to plant lemongrass from the walls, departing about 1.5-2 m.

What soil is good for the plant?

First of all, the Chinese Schizandra must be created as close as possible to the natural conditions. Preference is given to flat areas with fertile soil. Planting lemongrass on loose soils with a light (or medium) composition and good drainage will bring excellent results. Your Chinese lemongrass will fully develop in such areas, if care is appropriate.

The soil should be moderately and evenly hydrated. Tilled crops and vegetables are considered to be favorable predecessors for Schizandra Chinese.

When and how to plant

The best time to plant a vine plant is October: for the southern regions and April and early May for the rest of the regions.

To begin with, on the planned section of days for 15-20 a hole is dug out, the depth of which should be about 40 cm (not more), and the diameter should be from 40 cm to 60 cm. consisting of:

1 piece of turf land
1 h. Humus
1 hour compost.

When planting you should not deepen the root neck of the vine. It is better to place it on the same level with the surface of the earth. Plants should be located at a distance of about 1-1.5 m from each other. If the landing will be carried out in rows, the aisle is recommended to do 2.5-3 m.

Sowing seeds

Seeds of Chinese magnolia can be harvested independently of ripe fruits - berries. The photo shows how the seedlings look. Before sowing, they need to be trained in the form of soaking in water. To do this, use water at room temperature, and the seeds stand in it for about 7-10 days. Selection of substandard seedlings can be carried out after two days - they will emerge and will be on the surface of the water.

The next stage of preplant preparation is stratification. It will be necessary for this procedure to be pre-decontaminated sand, into which the seeds are mixed at the rate of: 3 volumes of sand per volume of seedlings. The mixture is poured into special wooden containers, which are placed in a room where the temperature regime is constantly kept from 18 to 20 degrees. Care for sandy seeds consists in regular hydration - 1 p. in 2 days. This stage of preparation should take at least 1 month.

The next step is snow stratification. Culture seeds in the sand are covered with a layer of snow and kept in this state for about a month.

If there is no possibility to get snow, then it is possible to put containers for a longer period (from 2 to 2.5 months) into the basement.

Seeds are planted in the garden by hand. To this end, grooves of about 1.5 cm in depth are formed in the ground. Sprinkle with green earth and slightly moisten the seedlings from above. Then the beds are mulched using peat. If the planting was carried out in this way, the Chinese lemongrass is grown before transplanting to a permanent place for 1.5-2 years.

How to care

Lemongrass Chinese, in general, is not capricious and whimsical. The main care for him consists of:

irrigation, which during the growing season are more frequent. As a rule, one plant needs about 6-7 buckets of water.
additional sprays in dry and dry weather
mulching - to retain moisture in the soil
weed weed
pruning, which is recommended to be carried out every year in the first half of March in order to increase the yield of the plant every year.

Obligatory point which also includes leaving is top dressing. The first fertilizer saltpeter should be introduced from the third year of "life" of vines.

During the periods of summer seasons, solutions of organic fertilizers should be applied, approximately 1 p. in 2.5-3 weeks. Chinese lemongrass for the first time can bloom and bear fruit when it is about 5-6 years old. Feed during this period for the plant is very important. The best are: nitrophoska, potassium sulfate and organic.

In principle, neither planting nor caring for Chinese Schizandra is not too difficult. And, knowing how useful its fruits are, you should definitely try to grow it yourself.

How to care for Chinese lemongrass, the rules of watering the plant

Let's talk about How to grow Chinese lemongrass in his country house. The basis of success in growing Chinese lemongrass is the choice of a site for planting. Lemongrass does not tolerate drafts, shade-tolerant, but bears fruit well in good light. Therefore, it is necessary to plant a liana from the east or west side of the building, but the lower part of the plant should be pritened with low shrubs or flowers.

This plant needs nutrient and permeable soil. It does not tolerate stagnant water, but is picky about moisture, so on hot days it is necessary to spray the plant and water it regularly, mulching the soil with dry soil or foliage after each watering. About 60 l of warm water is used per one adult watering plant. Also, the soil under the lemongrass need to fluff to a depth of 2-3 cm.

Feeding scheme

Fertilizing lemongrass mineral fertilizers can be three times during the growing season. The first time should be fertilized in April before bud break at the rate of 40 g of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen per 1 sq. M. The second time - in the period of growth of the ovary 15 g of potassium and phosphorus and 20 g of nitrogen. And the last time - in the autumn after harvesting phosphorus-potassium fertilizer of 30 g. But it is better to apply organic fertilizers every 3 weeks during the growing season.

How to do pruning lemongrass

Pruning lemongrass is necessary not only to form the crown, but also to increase the yield. In the summer, during the period of strong branching, it should be thinned lemongrass, pruning the shoots of 10-12 buds. In the fall, when the foliage falls, you also need to remove excess shoots, cut off all dried branches and old unproductive vines. It is optimal if 5-6 young vines remain in the bush. In the spring is not recommended to cut lemongrass, so as not to cause excessive loss of juice. It is also necessary to remove up to half of the root offspring located furthest from the plant. Root offsprings are cut below ground level, and this can be done in the fall and in the spring.

Lemongrass Transplant

Let's talk now about how to replant lemongrass. If lemongrass is grown from seeds, and was sown densely, then seedlings should be planted when the third leaf appears. At the place of sowing seedlings can grow for 2-3 years, then transplant them to a permanent place. Plants grown from cuttings are optimally prepared for transplantation also in the third year, when the root system becomes well developed. It is best to transplant lemongrass seedlings in the fall - from mid-September to October, when the heat subsides. Before winter, the seedlings will take root and will grow intensively in early spring. But in early spring, in April, lemongrass can also be transplanted.

For planting lemongrass pre-prepare a pit 40 cm deep and 50-60 cm wide, at the bottom of which you must lay a drainage - expanded clay, crushed stone or broken brick. Fill the pit better with a mixture of sod land, leaf compost and humus, taken in equal parts. To make the soil more nutritious, you can add a little wood ash and superphosphate.

When planting, pay attention that the root neck of the seedling remains at ground level. Young seedlings take root easily, and before transplanting adult lemongrass, weigh all the pros and cons and, in addition to preparing a new place, try to dig it out with a clod of earth, because lemongrass does not tolerate the drying of the roots. After transplantation, the plants are watered abundantly and hardened for 2-3 weeks.

How to build supports for lemongrass

Support for the Chinese magnolia is a necessary condition for obtaining a good harvest and a beautiful view. Without a support, such a liana will grow a bush, the branches will be deprived of good lighting, and female flowers will not form on them.

Chinese lemongrass: how to harvest and store crops

Harvest of lemongrass in the fall in late September - October, cutting the clusters with a whole sharp knife, so as not to damage the vines. Do not pick berries in metal or galvanized dishes, because they oxidize in it - it is better to use baskets, boxes or enameled containers. The harvest must be processed within 24 hours, because the berries deteriorate very quickly.

Lemongrass berries are recommended for storage. To dry the berries for 3 days, they can be dried under a canopy, then sorted and dried in an oven at 50-60 ° С. Dried berries are stored in a dry, ventilated area for several years.

You can grind the berries with sugar in a ratio of 1: 2 and store in the refrigerator, you can freeze, you can squeeze the juice, for better taste without damaging the pits, mix it with sugar in a ratio of 1: 2, sealed and stored in a cool place. Jams, jams, compotes, wine are made from the berries of lemongrass, but to preserve all the beneficial properties of the fruits of lemongrass it is not possible to heat them to more than 60 ° C.

Preparation of lemongrass for the winter

Lemongrass Chinese - frost-resistant plant, which is explained by its habitat. Therefore, do not remove adult plants from supports, they do not need protection, and with frosts up to 35 ° C they can lose only a part of the crown, which will quickly recover. But, if the frosts are up to 40 ° C, then you should grow lemongrass on hooks and remove it from the support for the winter and cover it with dry leaves. Seedlings, saplings and young plants up to 3-4 years of life must be covered with dry leaves of 10-15 cm or spruce branches. If the shoots of young plants are small, they can be removed from the support and also covered.

Planting lemongrass: preparing the soil and planting holes

The soil under the lemongrass should be of light mechanical composition, drained, sufficiently moisture-consuming, have a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. Lemongrass does not tolerate high standing of groundwater (their height should not exceed 1.5 m) and prolonged flooding with floods and rainwater. If the site does not meet these conditions, it must be prepared specially. Otherwise, the plants will die in the coming years or will lead a miserable existence, and you will not wait for the fruits from it.

Chinese Schizandra, for good growth and fruiting lemongrass requires fertile soils that create from the moment of planting. In the garden, plants are planted in planting pits or trenches up to 60 cm deep and 80 cm wide, which are filled with well-rotten humus or compost with the addition of superphosphate and wood ash.

Good initial growth of young plants is determined solely by the quality of the filling of the planting pit or trench. To eliminate stagnation in the root zone, good drainage (through the bottom, walls) of the pit or trench should be provided, for which a layer of gravel or broken brick is put on the bottom, and the edges of the pit or trench are dug to the greatest possible depth with the addition of sand the second year after landing.

Lemongrass has a surface root system (most of the roots are located in the surface layer of the soil, not deeper than 20–30 cm) and do not tolerate deep tillage when it is loosened, weeded, or organic or mineral fertilizers are applied. If this condition is not met, it stops its growth and almost does not bear fruit for one or two seasons.

The norm for lemongrass is loosening to a depth of no more than 5 cm, the application of mineral fertilizers into the holes punched with scrap, and organic (with shallow loosening) - evenly under the whole plant. Lemongrass responds very well to liquid organic supplements (infusions of mullein, chicken manure, slurry solutions, etc.).

Lemongrass is fed twice in spring and once at the beginning of summer (before flowering, after flowering and during the formation of ovaries). Top dressing, along with the fertilizers, contribute to good fruit set and, most importantly, to plant a significant amount of fruit buds in abundantly fruit-bearing plants, especially with female flowers, which ensures high annual yield.

It should also be remembered that lemongrass painfully reacts to the compaction of the soil beneath it and significantly reduces the yield. In my garden, the crop of plants planted at 0.3–0.5 m from the path was almost one and a half times less than that of plants that did not experience constant soil compaction. Therefore, it is necessary to plant lemongrass, at least, at a distance of at least 1–1.5 m from permanent garden paths.

Humidity of air and soil

Lemongrass - moisture-loving culture. It is demanding of both soil moisture and air humidity. Even with a wet growing season, some watering is required. Plants react positively (especially during drought) and on spraying.

In no case can even prevent partial wilting, because at the same time, plants (especially fruit-bearing ones) start to grow poorly, practically do not plant fruit buds and do not yield crops for the next year. In order to save soil moisture and improve plant conditions during dry periods, it is imperative to mulch the soil.

Especially grateful lemongrass responds to mulch from forest litter (hardwood or coniferous origin) with a thickness of up to 15–20 cm, which will last several years and will become a good organic fertilizer. This also eliminates the need for loosening the soil.

Formation of lemongrass crown

Under natural growing conditions, lemongrass is a large liana, reaching a length of 10–15 m. When grown in a garden, its length can reach 5 m and more. For normal growth and ensuring fruiting, the stem of lemongrass, starting from the third year of growth, must be taken out on a support and fixed on it. In the future (as it grows), it will itself turn the support clockwise, and no fastening will be required.

Fruiting in seedlings of lemongrass comes in the 5-6th year, in vegetatively propagated plants - in the 3-4th year. If the lemongrass has no support, it will grow in the form of a dense bush, almost entirely consisting of annual long shoots and root shoots growing from its base.

Caught in the shade and receiving an insufficient amount of nutrients, in the absence of perennial wood, they practically do not plant fruit buds, and the plant begins to bear fruit very late (in my experience - in the 14th year), giving a meager harvest of brushes with a small number of small berries.

To obtain a high-yielding plant of lemongrass, it is necessary to form a highly productive crown. Such a crown should have a maximum number of overgrowing branches on which fruit buds are laid. First you need to choose a reasonable plant height.

Since Schizandra is a lianoobrazny plant and its height is determined by the height of the support, a higher support is required for obtaining a larger crown. In amateur gardens, the height of the support is 3-4 meters, but not 1–2 meters, which is recommended in almost all gardening manuals.

It should be remembered that on a low support you will never get a large number of overgrowing branches from a liana. In addition, in order to increase the number of overgrowing branches, it is necessary to send not one liana, but several (up to 5 and more) to one support. I use for this purpose sprouts growing from the base of the vine in the area of ​​the root collar, as well as scions from it. This is done for 5–7 years. As a result, by the age of 10, a “bundle” of several lianas thick into a human arm, with the thickness of each liana in the lower part of the plant into a human finger, forms on a support on the support.

The plant itself with all overgrowing branches is a column with a diameter of up to 1 m or more. From a genetically potentially productive plant, formed in a similar way, with proper care it can already be expected to bookmark a large number of fruit buds.

Choosing a landing site

Lemongrass loves sunshine and should receive it within 7–8 hours. Therefore, plants need to be planted in open spaces, in the shade it practically does not bear fruit. In an amateur garden, plants are best planted at a distance of 1 m from each other and 3 m row from the row.

Опыт показывает, что даже при таких посадках через 8–10 лет лианы полностью смыкаются друг с другом и представляют единую зеленую стену, хотя и достаточно хорошо при этом плодоносят. Поэтому для еще более лучшего роста и плодоношения растений расстояние между растениями в ряду может быть увеличено до 1,5 м.

Ряд авторов рекомендует делать расстояние между растениями 0,5–0,6 м, что является абсолютно недостаточным. В этом случае растения смыкаются уже в 5–6 лет, в дальнейшем сильно затеняют друг друга и плохо плодоносят. Irrational is the placement of plants at large distances (2-3 m), because at the same time, the land area and the area of ​​the trellis with plants are poorly used, the pollination of plants deteriorates in case of bad weather, which, ultimately, can again reduce the harvest.

Significantly thickens and depletes the plant of lemongrass in adulthood, a strong annual growth of basal shoots. It must be constantly cut in the summer until lignification or late autumn. However, it should be borne in mind that individual vines in a plant or the whole plant can fall out for various reasons (blooming, mechanical damage, etc.). Therefore, when cutting root leaves for a case of repair, it is necessary to leave at least 3-4 reserve shoots for each plant each year, removing them for the next year.

Pollinating lemongrass

Lemongrass is a monoecious plant, i.e. On one plant, both male and female flowers bloom. Very rarely plants are found either only with female ones, or only with male flowers. However, in the culture everything is somewhat different.

In the experiments of Far Eastern scientists (A. A. Titlyanov, L. M. Shilova, G. T. Kazmina and others) from seedlings of lemongrass grew plants that, according to the ratio of male and female flowers, can be divided into several groups: permanently male and a female group (that is, individuals form only staminate or pistillate flowers annually), a monoecious group (plants each year carry flowers of both sexes) and a group with an unstable sex ratio (staminate and pistillate flowers are formed in one year, and only pistillate).

Establishing the nature of sex in seedlings of lemongrass when growing it in amateur gardens is very important, since it is associated with the culling of a large number of infertile males.

According to the observations of A.A. Titlyanov (which are consistent with my observations), the largest number of fruit buds with female flowers is laid on long fouling branches. On short fouling branches, as a rule, fruit buds are laid with male flowers. Therefore, for the culture, it is necessary to select plants with long fouling branches. In addition, it should be noted that on the shoots, especially in young lianas, having female and male flowers, the greatest number of female flowers are formed in the upper part of the liana, on the shoots in the lower part of the liana mainly male flowers are formed.

Therefore, from this point of view, it is advisable to grow lemongrass plants on a higher support. Increases the budding of fruit buds with female flowers and the use of nitrogen fertilizer. The yield of lemongrass plants even in the presence of a sufficient number of male and female flowers in a very strong degree depends on the usefulness of pollen, its fertilizing ability (fertility).

Pollen fertility depends on the genetic characteristics of a particular individual, the conditions of the season, wintering and other factors. There are individuals with sterile pollen, and self-infertile, and with defects of female flowers.

When planting seedlings, amateur gardeners should take at least 5–10 pieces in order to further reject seedlings with permanently male flowers, seedlings that carry a small number of female flowers or defects of female flowers, seedlings with poor fertility of pollen. In addition, such a number of seedlings, to a certain extent, ensures the normal inter-pollination of plants. When planting vegetatively propagated plants of known sex, for the above reasons, it is necessary to take 3-4 seedlings from different plants.

Planting only one plant is absolutely wrong. In the absence of nearby plants in the vicinity of other plants of Schizandra, such a plant may never be fruit-bearing. It should be remembered that only planting a sufficient number of plants with purely female flowers and monoecious plants with a predominance of female flowers, as well as plants with male flowers with good pollen fertility, can ensure good cross-pollination and high yield.

Of course, the best interoperability will be observed when planting one or several plants with purely male flowers, which is clearly not very justified. The same can be achieved when planting several monoecious plants with a sufficient number of male flowers. With all this, you should know that, as a rule, in monoecious plants with age, the number of female flowers begins to prevail over the number of male ones.

Frost resistance and preparation for winter

Lemongrass in our conditions is relatively winter-hardy. After a smooth winter without thaws with temperatures of up to −40 ° С, when the shoots are fully matured, it normally grows, winters and bears fruit quite well. However, the winter dormancy period at Schizandra ends in January (and according to other sources, even in December), therefore February and March thaws alternating with a sharp decrease in air temperature (down to -30. -35 ° C) usually lead to significant freezing of fruit buds. .

Frosts exceeding −40 ° С (for example, winters of 1984–1985, 2005–2006), even in the dormant period, with incomplete ripening of shoots, usually lead to freezing and death of a part of fruit buds and freezing of one-year increment. After such winters, the plants grow well, but they do not bear fruit well.

In especially harsh winters (1966–1967, 1968–1969 and 1978–1979), even with a relatively good ripening of shoots, there was a complete freezing of fruit buds, a significant freezing of one-year growth and even perennial wood.

In order to preserve frost and death in the harsh winters of fruit buds, annual and perennial shoots, it is advisable to cultivate the lemongrass plants in semi-shale form, removing the vines from winter to the ground and sheltering them in the spring of next year. I have been conducting this mode of culture of lemongrass plants since the late 60s of the last century.

Growing lemongrass on a removable support

Of course, the work on the systematic removal and lifting of plants from a permanent support was a significant inconvenience and a great deal of work. Therefore, I developed a technology for growing lemongrass on a removable (movable) support.

I believe that in order to ensure an annual good harvest of fruits, in our conditions it is necessary to grow lemongrass on a removable support, removing the vine for the winter and covering it before the frost with snow.

As a removable support, I use a flexible stranded wire with steel conductors (to prevent its extrusion) in plastic insulation. So that the vine does not slip along the support, nodes are made on the wire after 0.5 m, tightly inserting metal (preferably stainless steel) or plastic pins into them.

The wire is fastened at the base of the plants on a metal pipe laid along the row (a metal rod can be driven into each plant). At the upper end of the multicore wire, a loop is fixed from a single-core steel wire with a diameter of 2-3 mm.

Along the edges of a number of plants of lemongrass, two metal pipes of the appropriate height are driven into the ground (I have them 3.5 meters above the soil surface) and fix the crossbar on them well, also from a metal pipe.

Hooks are attached to the crossbar of the same steel wire as the loop at the upper end of the stranded wire, near each plant. Lifting a plant from the surface of the soil together with a removable support consists in this case of putting the loop on the upper end of the pole on the hook on the crossbar; I will eat the plant to disengage the loop from the hook.

Such an operation is performed using a rope tied to the upper end of the support and thrown over the crossbar, which makes it easier for the plant and the support to significantly engage and hook the loop from the hook and the step ladders in just a few minutes. I remove and raise my 10 twenty-five-year-old plants for some half an hour, and during removal, I still manage to place them along the row on the soil surface during the same time.

In the past two past winters, I decided once again to check the feasibility of picking up lemongrass plants in the fall from a constant support on the ground and shelter for the winter with snow and left them on a support.

Such an experiment again showed a strong dependence of plant yield on the characteristics of the course and severity of winter. So, in the spring of 2011, almost 100% death of fruit buds was observed, and the harvest of berries was completely absent, and in spring of 2012, there was also a partial death of fruit buds, about 50%. Well, the May frosts that happened in the past deprived the plants of Schisandra this year.

Winter sweeping

The properties that characterize the not quite sufficient hardiness of lemongrass in our conditions include the tendency of both young and adult plants to subsidence.

Like most Far Eastern plants in warm, snowy winters, especially when snow is set on the soil that does not freeze up in autumn, lemongrass often undermines the root collar or slightly higher, and plants that are lowered from the removable support and covered with snow, and in other parts.

It is especially a pity when adult plants are supported in the area of ​​the root collar, when the entire above-ground crown is completely destroyed. In my case, the schisandra salutary cases have been observed repeatedly, and even when the entire plant was covered with snow, the scorching was observed almost exclusively in the area of ​​the root collar (heating of other parts of the crown was observed only 2 times). In the winters of 1999–2000 and 2000–2001, the above-ground parts of three 20-year-old plants were damaged and killed, and two of the individual vines were killed in two. Measures to combat preying are the same as I described in stone fruit plants.

Spring and Autumn Frosts

Flowers, ovaries and green parts of lemongrass are exposed to spring and autumn frosts. Weak spring frosts cause the death of blossoming flowers, ovaries and the ends of the shoots with young leaves.

Plants in this case, poorly fruited, but grow well and lay fruit buds. Strong spring frosts kill completely and bloomed, and unblown flowers, ovaries and, almost completely, new green shoots with all the leaves.

Secondary growth of shoots from dormant buds on plants then begins with a lag of one for a month or more. Lemongrass spends a lot of plastic substances on their growth, but they ripen only by the very end of the growing season, or in bad years do not have time to mature.

At the same time, plants overwinter worse, and in case of non-ripening, shoots may freeze even not in a very frosty winter, they have weakened or lack of budding. Autumn frosts in mid-August (before the crop is ripe) usually destroy the ends of the shoots, thereby impairing the preparation of plants for winter and the development of fruit buds.

Based on the great sensitivity of lemongrass to spring and autumn frosts for its cultivation, it is advisable to choose elevated places. Areas of little use are located in hollows, in marshes, in valleys of small rivers, on the banks of small lakes. In order to combat frosts, in addition to the well-known events (smoking, sprinkling, fogging, watering, mixing air, etc.), it is advisable to carry out the following:

1. To slow the start of the growing season plants, they are raised on a support from the soil immediately after the snow melted.

2. Plants are best grown on a high support (3-4 m and more), bringing the bulk of shoots with leaves, flowers and ovaries from the surface part that is most prone to frosts to a height of more than 1–1.5 m.

3. Raised plants it is necessary to cover with foil, throwing it over the upper crossbar so that they hang from both sides of the trellis to the level of the soil. The lower ends of the film are dropped, the side ends are attached with clothespins or otherwise. Even a simple transfer of the film over the crossbar without fixing it down and from the sides during frosts saves a significant part of the crop.

4. Remove the creepers from the support at the time of frost and cover the film on the ground.

All of these activities I have used and showed their effectiveness. Of course, for this purpose you can make special stationary shelters.

Features of growing lemongrass

In the case of a cold and rainy spring, in the absence of summer insects, a number of authors recommend artificial pollination of lemongrass flowers, plucking male flowers and placing them for half an hour into female ones. It seems to me that these recommendations do not hold water. This can be done on 10–20 flowers, but imagine huge plants on a trellis or taken from it and located on the soil surface with many thousands of flowers. How can you spend their artificial pollination? I can't imagine it at all.

Dear amateur gardeners, in this cycle of articles on the basis of numerous literary data and almost 61 years of my own experience, I tried to talk about the features of growing lemongrass in our rather harsh conditions.

Some individual technological measures and techniques may seem too complicated and time consuming. Although, it seems to me, on the contrary, everything is extremely simplified. But I want you to understand that the main benefit in growing lemongrass is still getting fruits. And you can get significant fruit yields only if you fulfill and comply with all the requirements of the growing technology aimed at this.

Naturally, if lemongrass is grown for ornamental purposes or gardeners agree to put up with partial or full loss of the crop for 1-3 years after harsh winters, many of the proposed technological methods can be eliminated or substantially simplified. For example, to exclude the removal of vines from a support to the ground for the winter and its shelter with snow, instead of the proposed removable support use stationary trees or bushes growing on the garden plot, etc.

The main purpose of this series of articles I consider is that such a useful plant as Chinese magnolia grows on every garden plot and every gardener can use all parts of this plant for food and medicinal purposes, and berries, as I could imagine, say, on an exhibition.

Features of lemongrass

Lemongrass is a deciduous vine, reaching a length of 10 to 15 meters. Its shoots curl on a support and reach 20 mm in diameter. Peeling bark of the stems has a dark brown color. Shoots covered with a light yellow smooth bark. The length of the dense leaf plates is about 10 centimeters, and the width is about 5 centimeters; they have a wedge-shaped base, a pointed tip, and an obscure-toothed edge. Their front surface is bare dark green in color, and the purl is lighter and has weak pubescence on the veins. The leaves have scapes, reaching a length of 20-30 mm, they are painted in red-pink color. Foliage and shoots have a lemon smell. Dissolubly flowers in diameter reach 15 mm, they also smell like lemon. After opening, the flowers are white, but eventually turn pink. They are located in the leaf sinuses on the drooping pedicels. The fruit is a multi-team team (multi-face), which has a racemose shape and a length of about 10 centimeters. They are composed of juicy red berries, inside of which are the seeds of this plant. Lemongrass blooms in May and June, and the duration of its flowering from 1.5 to 2 weeks. The fruits reach full maturity in September.

Lemongrass fruit is used to make jams, jelly and soft drinks. They are also used in the confectionery industry, of which they prepare toppings for sweets. Its juice is used for wine packaging, and fragrant tea is made from foliage and bark. Lemongrass berries are used as a medicinal raw material.

What time to plant

In regions with a mild climate, lemongrass is planted in open soil in October; in mid-latitudes, this procedure is recommended to be carried out in spring, or more precisely, in the last days of April or the first - in May. A plot suitable for planting should be sunny and protected from the cold wind. Experienced gardeners recommend planting at least three Schizandra bushes at once, while keeping a distance of 100 cm between them. When planting plants near the building, at least 150 cm should retreat from it, in this case water flowing from the roof will not fall on the root system of schisandra.

Plant description

Lemongrass Chinese is a perennial tree liana, which in nature grows up to 150 meters long. Belongs to the family of limonnikovyh. The stem is slightly wrinkled and well branched. Its thickness reaches 2 cm. Depending on the age, the shoots may have a different shade. A young creeper has a yellowish stem, and in plants older than 5 years, the color changes to brown-black.

Leaves of lemongrass arranged alternately. They have an average thickness and are presented in the form of an ellipse. The upper part of the bright green hue, and the bottom - much paler. The tops of the plates are pointed.

The Far Eastern or Chinese lemongrass, as it is also called, has cross-pollination.

Бутоны китайского лимонника в распущенном виде очень похожи на цветы актинидии. Расположены они на длинных цветоножках и имеют светло-розовый оттенок. Во время цветения вокруг лианы держится приятный аромат, который способен удивить всех посетителей. Данный период у лимонника припадает на май месяц. Длится он до средины июня. По окончанию цветения формируются ягоды. Они собраны в колосовидные кисти. В каждой из них может быть от 23 до 26 плодов.

Chinese lemongrass is a plant whose spherical berries have five flavors. Inside each are two pods of yellowish hue. Also seeds can get brown or brown color. Ripe berries have a rich burgundy tone. When chewing appears distinct spicy, salty, sour, bitter and slightly hot taste.

The uniqueness of this plant lies in the leaves. When rubbed, a pronounced lemon flavor appears. It is from this and the name of this plant.

Cultivated in Russia varieties of Chinese magnolia

Only a few varieties successfully cultivate in the cottages of the Moscow region, the Urals and Siberia:

Each of the above types has its own beneficial properties. For a long time this plant was used to treat many diseases. The fruits of this culture have various biological components. The pulp of the berries is rich in essential oils, acids, carbohydrates and vitamin C.

Photos of the correct fit and care for lemongrass Chinese can be seen below. Observing all the requirements, the plant will certainly please with a beautiful flowering and abundant harvest.

Rules for growing lemongrass

Liana does not need special care. To grow a beautiful plant, it is enough to follow the basic rules. Particular attention should be paid to the landing site. Much depends on the choice of a site. If you ignore the requirements, Liana can simply dry out.

When planting and caring for Chinese lemongrass in the suburbs, take into account that the plant needs an eight-hour light day.

Landing place

The plant prefers well-lit areas. The best place is on the south side. At the same time it is important to ensure that the shadow of buildings does not fall on the vine. When planting and caring for Chinese magnolia in the Urals, it is necessary to take into account that the plant is not in a draft. If this is ignored, in winter, even frost-resistant varieties are able to freeze.

Soil for planting

Before planting a young plant in open ground, it is necessary to properly prepare the ground. The first thing to do - loosen. After the landing site is dug up, you will need to fertilize it. For this it is better to use humus. Also a good option is peat and wood ash. When planting should not forget about the drainage. It is recommended to lay pebbles or crushed bricks on the bottom of the recess.

Planting should be carried out in the soil, which is heated to at least +10 0 C.

Caring for lemongrass in the garden

Seedlings of lemongrass planted in open ground quickly enough take root, but at first they need protection from the direct rays of the sun. It is very simple to care for such a plant, it needs to be watered in time, not very deeply loosen the surface of the trunk circle and remove weeds. During a severe drought, the foliage of this plant should be sprayed with water. An adult specimen in drought also needs to provide regular watering and spraying, with an average of about 60 liters of water being consumed per bush, which must necessarily be heated in the sun.

In the third year of growth, this liana is started to be fed. So, in April, 20–30 grams of saltpeter should be applied to the soil of the tree circle, after which the plant will need abundant watering. When the liquid is absorbed into the soil, its surface should be covered with a layer of mulch (humus or sheet compost). In the summer, every 15–20 days, the plant should be fed with a solution of fermented mullein (1:10) or chicken manure (1:20). In the autumn, 20 grams of superphosphate and 100 grams of wood ash should be added to each near-stem circle under each vine; they are buried to a depth of about 10 centimeters. Then the plant should be watered well.

Legs for lemongrass

For the cultivation of such vines will need a trellis. This method of placement will allow lemongrass to receive a greater amount of sunlight, and this extremely positively affects the size of the fruit. If it is grown without support, it will be a small bush, while it will give fruit very rarely. Installation of the trellis is carried out in the same year as the planting of seedlings. To make it, you need to prepare the pillars, their height should be such that after they are buried in the ground by 60 centimeters, above the surface of the site, they would rise 200-250 centimeters. Between the posts you need to keep a distance of 300 centimeters. When they are installed, they need to pull the wire in 3 rows: the first row should be made at a height of half a meter from the surface of the site, and the second and third - every 0.7–1 meter. While young bushes are tied to the lowest wire. As the stems grow, they need to be tied to the wires that are higher.

If this vine is planted not far from the building, then in this case the ladder will be able to replace the ladder, which is installed obliquely.

Pruning lemongrass

The first pruning of this culture is carried out after 2 or 3 years have passed after planting in open soil. At this time, the rapid growth of the root system should slow down the library of files, and above-ground organs on the contrary begin to develop more rapidly. From growing stems you need to choose 3-6, and the rest should be cut at ground level. As a rule, pruning is done in autumn, when all the foliage will fall. However, if the bush is very thickened, then this procedure is carried out in June or July. In the winter or spring months, pruning is forbidden, because at this time of year there is intense sap flow in the vine, so if you cut the stems, it can lead to a bush drying, which will cause it to die.

Also, lemongrass will need regular sanitary pruning, for this you need to cut out all the dry, small, injured, damaged branches or pests, as well as those that contribute to thickening. It is also necessary to shorten excessively long lateral shoots, with no more than 10–12 buds remaining on them.

Root shoots should be cut as needed during the season. In order to rejuvenate the vine, the stems that are about 15–18 years old must be gradually removed, while they should be replaced by young basal shoots.

This culture is extremely difficult transplant. At the same time, even a slight drying of the root system negatively affects the well-being of the plant. In this regard, experts advise not to propagate lemongrass by dividing the bush. If, however, you cannot do without a transplant, then before digging up the plant, it is necessary to make a thorough preparation. First you need to dig a new planting hole and prepare the required amount of earth mix. Only after this will it be possible to dig up the liana itself.

Breeding taps

As cuttings are taken powerful annual shoots of root shoots. In April, before the sap flow begins, they must be bent to the surface of loose soil, then they must be fixed in this position and covered with soil mixture consisting of humus and peat, the thickness of which should be from 10 to 15 centimeters. The upper part of the layer should be fixed on the trellis. The roots of the layers appear in the fourth to fifth months, and for two or three years, an independent root system has been formed. Then the branches can be cut from the mother plant and landed on a permanent place.

Breeding root suckers

Reproduction of root suckers produced in the last days of April, or the first - in May. To do this, select 2-4 scions as remote as possible from the bush, they are dug out and immediately planted in the holes dug in advance. It is necessary to transplant them very quickly, because even due to a small drying of the root system, the plant may not settle down in a new place. The transplanted offspring should be watered sufficiently abundantly for four weeks, and they will also need protection from the direct rays of the sun.

Leaf spot

Ascohitosis

This culture can hit leaf spot. Infected specimens on the lower surface of the leaf plates appear blurred specks of brown color with black pycnidia dots. This disease has one peculiarity in that it can be bacterial or fungal in nature. To cure a vine it needs to be sprayed with a preparation containing copper in its composition.

Phyllosticosis

If large, almost black spots with purple edging appeared on the leaf plates, this means that the plant is infected with leaf fillostosis. In some cases, the spotted tissue in the center is painted and falls out, and a hole appears in its place. As a rule, only old foliage is affected by this disease. Treat infected plants as well as in the case of spotting.

If lemongrass is infected with ascohitosis, then spots of brown color are formed on its surface, reaching a size of 2 cm, while they have distinct zones. Sick bush should be sprayed with Bordeaux mixture solution (1%).

Ramulariosis

Also lemongrass can get such fungal disease as Ramulariosis. On the affected specimen brown single spots are formed, angular or rounded, while their central part has a paler color, a pink patina appears on it. The diseased plant must be treated with a fungicide.

Mealy dew

At defeat by mealy dew on a surface of escapes and sheet plates the friable raid of a whitish color appears. Gradually the bloom becomes dense and brown. If the disease is at the initial stage, then you can get rid of it by treating the bush with soda ash. If the disease is started, then it will be necessary to use a preparation containing copper for spraying.

The seedling of this plant is prone to fusarium. Because of it the waist is formed in the lower part of a small stalk (dark ring). After some time, the escape in this place becomes soft, which leads to the death of the plant. The infected plant must be pulled out, and the substrate must be shed by a weak solution of manganese potassium.

Growing lemongrass in the suburbs

In Moscow, Chinese lemongrass grows very well. This culture is grown in Siberia and the Urals, as it has a high frost resistance. Lemongrass is not afraid of frost, especially if the bush is covered with a thick snowdrift. However, young plants for the winter should be covered necessarily. To do this, they fall asleep with a thick (10–15 centimeters) layer of fallen leaves, over which lapnik is piling over to scare off rodents. The adult liana does not need shelter for the winter.

Types and varieties of lemongrass

Gardeners cultivates only 1 species - it is Far Eastern Schizandra, or Chinese. This species has 2 varieties:

  1. Firstborn. Mid-season variety, characterized by resistance to frost, pests and diseases. The cylindrical fruit consists of fragrant carnic-red fruit, reaching about 0.7 cm in diameter and weighing 0.6 grams. Sour juicy pulp is colored in rich red color. Fruits are covered with thin skin, if you press them down, the juice will stand out quite easily.
  2. Garden-1. This variety is characterized by rapid growth and high yield. In one fruit about 25 sour, fragrant and very juicy fruitlets grow.

Medicinal properties of lemongrass

Organic fruits (tartaric, malic and citric), sugars, coloring and tonic substances, vitamins C and E are part of the fruits of lemongrass. Seeds contain fatty oil. The foliage contains macro- and microelements calcium, magnesium, manganese, copper, iron, zinc, cobalt, iodine, and aluminum.

Schisandrol and schizandrin biologically active substances contained in magnolia-vine are of the greatest value. They stimulate the nervous and cardiovascular systems, as well as improve liver function. The daily dose of these substances, which the body needs, is contained in 50 grams of fruit pulp.

Already in the 5th century BC, people knew that the Chinese lemongrass has a tonic and refreshing effect. That is why the hunters living in the Far East took with them the dried fruits of this plant. Today, these plants are used in mental or physical fatigue, depressive and asthenic syndromes as an adaptogenic and stimulant.

The seeds and berries of this vine are used in Chinese medicine to strengthen the heart, as well as in hypertension, anemia, sexual weakness, nephritis, cardiac neurosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and liver diseases. A decoction of fruits is used to stimulate tissue respiration, and also to reduce blood sugar.

Lemongrass tincture is used for the prevention of acute respiratory infections and flu, it helps to reduce the amount of glycogen in the liver, however, an increase in its content in muscle tissue is observed. To prepare the tincture you need 20 grams of fruit and 10 grams of crushed seeds combined with 100 milligrams of alcohol (70%). The vessel is sealed tightly and retracted in a dark, cool place for 1.5 weeks to insist. Filter the tincture and drink on an empty stomach in 25-30 drops.

Apply a plant in the cosmetic industry. It is added to the facial mask with a tonic effect.

Contraindications

Lemongrass, as well as products based on it, have practically no contraindications. It is not necessary to abuse lemongrass with an increased acidity of the stomach, with high blood pressure, and also to people suffering from insomnia and easily excitable. Pregnant and breast-feeding women, before eating lemongrass, you should consult with your doctor.

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