On whether it is harmful to be a blood donor, for many years, endless debate has been underway. That is why in this article we will present to your attention a comprehensive answer to the question posed. In addition, you will learn how to become a blood donor, what are the requirements for such people and how much it can cost.
The word "donation" comes from the Latin "donare", which translates as "give". And, indeed, it is a voluntary blood donation for transfusion. In addition, this concept includes all the necessary measures that are aimed at ensuring and organizing the safety of the material procurement. Blood taken from a donor is used for educational and research purposes, during the manufacture of medical devices and medicines, etc.
Blood donor: contraindications
General contraindications to blood donation are the following deviations:
- mental illness
- myopia (more than 6 diopters),
- hypotension (low blood pressure),
- hypertension (high blood pressure),
- tooth extraction (9-15 days before the procedure),
- vaccinations made 10-30 days before the procedure (depending on the type, it is necessary to clarify in the donation center).
Who can not be a blood donor, in addition to the above categories? It should be noted that in addition to general contraindications, there are specific. As a rule, they concern only representatives of the weaker sex. So, women and girls are strictly forbidden to donate blood:
- During the whole pregnancy. It should be emphasized that pregnancy is a clear and direct contraindication to blood donation. That is why you need to be very careful.
- During menstruation, as well as for 5 days after them.
- During breastfeeding.
- One year after pregnancy and childbirth.
- Three months from the end of lactation.
In addition, there are other contraindications to this procedure. We will talk about them in the next section of the article.
Who can not become a donor?
In no case should people who have the following diseases, experience and pathological dependencies be allowed to donate blood:
- HIV and suspicion of him in a given period of time
- viral hepatitis and suspicion of him in a given period of time,
- serious blood disorders
- homosexual relationships
- use of intravenous drugs (except for hospital conditions),
- drug addiction and alcoholism.
The presented contraindications are permanent. But besides this, there is a temporary challenge. These reasons include:
- the postoperative period (about 12 months),
- after not serious diseases (ARVI, ORZ) - 1 month,
- after the use of analgesics - about 2 weeks,
- after the use of antibiotic drugs - about 2 weeks,
- after tattooing or piercing the body for piercing - about 6-12 months (depending on the conditions of a specific blood transfusion center).
Who can be a blood donor? This section is much smaller. However, this does not mean that only selected people can become donors.
So, if you want to become a volunteer and donate blood, then you need to:
- Have enough weight (over 50 kg). In this case, the main thing is that your excessive thinness does not catch the eye.
- Feel great and be healthy.
- Be an adult. But most often people over 60 years old are not allowed to donate.
- Have any ID with you (military ID, passport, etc.).
- Have a local residence permit (this item is not required in all blood donation centers).
Having dealt with the one who can become a blood donor, we proceed to the next item, or rather, to the description of the procedure itself.
How to become a blood donor? After the volunteer decided to submit his material to the donation center, he should go through several procedures.
So what does it take to become a blood donor?
- Fill out the form. When you come to the donation center, you should contact the registry where you should be given a questionnaire that contains very simple, but very important questions. As a rule, they relate to transferred diseases, promiscuous sex, drug addiction, as well as some other personal data. Fill out this form is required honestly and frankly. After all, there is a law of the Russian Federation “On blood donation and its main components”, which states that a citizen who has distorted information about his state of health and deliberately concealed it, bears full responsibility established by law if these actions entailed (or could have ) a significant health disorder of the recipient. By the way, in other countries even criminal liability is established for false information. Therefore, you should take this procedure as seriously as possible. After all, even a minor trifle can cause serious complications in the person to whom you plan to transfuse your blood.
- Take a physical examination. Before passing the examination, a small amount of blood from a finger is necessarily taken from an approved candidate. This is necessary in order to determine the Rh and blood type, as well as to see at what level the donor's hemoglobin is located. After this, the test results go to the therapist, whom the volunteer should visit. The doctor is expecting you to measure heart rate and pressure, as well as a few questions about the completed questionnaire. Further, the candidate is invited to sign the contract, which indicates that he understood all the questions, answered them correctly, and also fully agrees to the voluntary donation of blood and its further transfusion to the recipient.
If all the necessary procedures have been completed successfully, the donor is sent to a special ward, where a number of blood collection activities are carried out.
How is the blood donation?
Depending on the specific center of the blood transfusion, the donor may be offered delivery in a sitting, lying or half-lying position. If you are a novice, then most likely you will be asked to lie down on the couch. After all, it is in this position that a person is less likely to feel the heat and severe dizziness. After that, the center staffs pinch the donor's arm above the elbow, and then disinfect a specific area with a cotton wool with alcohol and pierce it with a special needle. Then for 5-12 minutes, the blood is collected in a plastic bag with a volume of about 450 ml. Finally, the rubber tubes are tied and the needle is removed from the vein. Next, employees drain the blood from the system into a test tube (approximately 20 ml) for further analysis. After that, the vein is closed with alcohol cotton and quite tightly bandaged with a bandage. This bandage is not advised to remove within 2-4 hours.
How to prepare for blood donation?
Now you know how to become a blood donor. But before such a procedure, experts recommend that you adhere to the following rules:
- not to drink alcohol 2 days before donating blood,
- Do not smoke for 2 hours before donating blood
- Do not take aspirin, analgesics and other potent drugs for 3-5 days before donating blood.
In addition, it is necessary to have breakfast on the day of blood donation, and 5-10 minutes before the puncture of the vein to drink a glass of water or compote.
What is allowed to use before donating blood?
Two days before the appointed date, the donor can be used:
- any fruits, vegetables,
- juice, juice, compote, mineral water without gas, sweet tea,
- jam, jam,
- bread, crackers, biscuits,
- boiled cereals cooked in water without adding fat, butter and milk,
- boiled or steam fish.
Blood donation: harmful or helpful?
- Thanks to this procedure, a person can be tested regularly and free of charge for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis, hemoglobin, red blood cells, ESR, leukocytes, etc.
- Donation trains the body and prepares it for the most difficult situations in life (operations, injuries, blood loss, etc.).
- Reduction (by 30%) of potential heart attacks. After all, the circulatory system of all donors works with greater efficiency, which contributes to improving health.
- Blood loss improves metabolism and forces the entire body to mobilize.
How to become a blood donor in Moscow for money? To do this, contact any donation center. It is there that they will offer you to decide on whether you want to donate blood for free or get money for it.
If the donor chooses a free procedure, then in some points give rations with products. If the volunteer decided to make money on this, then depending on the chosen center and the collection of certain material, after the procedure he can receive from 500 to 3000 Russian rubles. Although it should be noted that if you donate blood regularly for several years in a row, you can end up with the title of honorary donor and all sorts of benefits.
For the organization of donation and the settlement of questions about blood procurement, transportation, storage and safe use of it, the Law “On donors of blood and its components” was issued. This document determines who can become a blood donor, what requirements are imposed on it, responsibilities and rights are granted. The law provides for the protection of health and the rights of both the recipient and the person donating blood.
In 2013, a new law entered into force. The changes were made in order to cancel paid donations, improve the quality of blood and products from it, and create a single base. According to the new law, some benefits to blood donors have been canceled. From now on, blood is donated only free of charge. Only free meals are provided, but not cash compensation. Now they pay for blood only in cases of complicated transfusions. An honorary donor (who donated blood at least 40 times or plasma at least 60 times) now receives an annual payment of 1.5 times more.
Who can donate blood?
A citizen of the Russian Federation who has reached the age of 18, who is suitable for health reasons and has a weight of at least 50 kilograms, can become a blood donor. If earlier only a citizen of Russia could donate blood, then according to a new law, a foreigner can do it, who will live legally on the territory of the Russian Federation for at least 1 year.
How to become a blood donor? You need to come with a passport and military ID (for men) to the transfusion station and register. To do this, you need to fill out a questionnaire, honestly answering all questions, and undergo a medical examination, which includes a blood test (general, biochemical, for hepatitis, RW, HIV infection) and an examination by a general practitioner. During the initial circulation, blood can be donated only on the day after the physical examination and laboratory tests.
Terms of delivery
Often you can not donate blood. Men can do this no more than 5 times a year. For women, there are several other requirements - a maximum of four times per year. In both cases, the gap between whole blood donation procedures is at least 60 days. Plasma can be donated twice a month, but only a month after the delivery of whole.
Who can not be a donor?
There are absolute contraindications for donation and temporary. In the first case, we are talking about people who will not be able to donate blood for transfusion as a result of illness, no matter how much time has passed after recovery. These include persons suffering from or suffering from the following diseases:
- AIDS, HIV carrier, and being at risk (drug addicts, prostitutes, homosexuals),
- viral hepatitis,
- blood diseases
- malignant tumors,
- organic diseases of the CNS,
- mental illness
- complete lack of speech and hearing
- drug addiction, alcoholism,
- heart ischemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension 2 and 3 degrees, heart defects, myocarditis, endocarditis,
- bronchial asthma,
- lung emphysema, obstructive bronchitis,
- cirrhosis of the liver,
- chronic liver disease,
- achilic gastritis,
- stomach ulcer,
- systemic connective tissue diseases
- total blindness
- endocrine diseases with severe metabolic disorders,
- inflammatory and infectious skin diseases,
- high degree of myopia,
- severe acute and chronic ENT diseases,
- radiation sickness,
- psoriasis, eczema, sycosis, erythroderma,
- fungal lesions of the skin and internal organs,
- surgery for organ transplantation and resection.
- operations, abortions,
- business trips over two months
- acupuncture treatment, tattooing,
- stay in countries with a tropical and subtropical climate of three months,
- ARVI, sore throat, flu, other infectious diseases that are not provided in the absolute contraindications section,
- tooth extraction
- vascular dystonia,
- inflammatory diseases of any localization (chronic or acute) in the acute stage,
- pregnancy and lactation,
- allergies in aggravation,
- treatment with antibiotics, analgesics, salicylates,
- alcohol intake
- changes in the composition of the blood.
Preparation for the procedure
Donors are advised to adhere to the following rules:
- A diet should be followed for three days before serving. Do not eat fatty foods and take alcoholic beverages.
- It is not recommended to come to the center of transfusion in the morning after the night shift.
- On the eve of the procedure, dinner should be easy, on the day of delivery only sweet tea and bread are allowed.
- Immediately after blood sampling, one should not take alcohol, engage in physical labor, or drive vehicles.
How is the procedure?
The procedure is carried out in the donor chair. Only disposable sterile instruments to be destroyed are used. 450 grams of material is taken from the donor, from which a part is sent for analysis. Blood is checked for contraindications, group and Rh factor. Then a small amount is administered to the recipient and its condition is monitored. If he feels fine, begin transfusing at a rate of about 50 drops per minute. The whole blood donation procedure takes about 15 minutes, plasma - about 30 minutes, platelets - about 1.5 hours.
After the procedure, you need to rest for about 15 minutes and drink sweet tea or juice. If dizziness should be addressed to doctors. About an hour you can not smoke during the day should not be engaged in physical labor.
A donor is released from work (a soldier from duty) on the day of the procedure and the next day, while the average earnings remain.
On the day of donation donor provide free meals.
For those who donated blood during the year, additional benefits are provided in the amount of two maximum doses:
- allowance for temporary disability in the amount of full earnings throughout the year, regardless of the disease and length of service,
- discount vouchers to a sanatorium provided at the place of study or work,
- providing free iron supplements and vitamins for the prevention of anemia,
- students - 25% allowance to scholarships from the local budget for six months.
For honorary donors, the following benefits are provided:
- Free dental prosthetics in state medical institutions (except precious metals, metal ceramics, porcelain).
- A 50% discount on drugs, according to a government approved list.
- Free travel in public transport (except taxis).
- 50% discount on utility bills.
- Annual paid leave at a convenient time for the donor.
- Priority provision of preferential vouchers to the sanatorium.
- Preferential housing loans.
Is donation harmful?
Not everyone decides to donate blood, because they do not know whether the donation is harmful or not. There are a lot of rumors and different opinions around this topic.
Doctors say that being a donor is not harmful and not dangerous:
- Blood can be donated only by healthy people who have been examined, and delivery of 450 grams is not a threat to health.
- Instruments are used only disposable, they are opened before the eyes of the donor.
- Regular blood donation has a positive effect on health, and a person quickly becomes accustomed to its loss and recovery and tolerates it easily. After two weeks, its volume is fully restored.
- All donor rights are protected by law.
Donation is a necessary and noble cause. When blood is required for transfusion, it is often life and death. Thanks to the volunteers who are no longer paying, many will be saved, not only strangers, but perhaps the closest people.
Guest - October 9, 2016 - 16:08
I have overweight. Can I become a donor? The reason for overweight is excess energy consumption
Maxim - October 20, 2016 - 21:28
Hello, can I donate blood in St. Petersburg, and registered in Len. areas. Alt liver was overestimated and the nurse said that they could not take more. Now analyzes are normal.
Ilshat - February 22, 2017 - 19:49
Good day. My aunt is a donor in a non-governmental institution, for 2-3 donations she is paid 2,000 rubles (she writes an application for payment) do they pay such sums in the State Blood Service?
Guest - August 9, 2017 - 16:41
It all depends on the region!
Guest - March 31, 2017 - 10:51
Came to donate blood for the first time. Сказали, не нужно, приходите через месяц, возможно, понадобится. Я в шоке.So much shows the news about the lack of blood and plasma, and here it is! Mari El Republic.
Shurik! - August 9, 2017 - 16:38
Such a mess is now everywhere! I have 130 krovosdach! Just recently came to the station! I stood 4 hours, I hardly will take more!
Ivan from April 26, 2017 - 20:27
I am a man of 40 years old began to donate blood in 32 years - 19 times. Initially, hemoglobin was 145 in two years decreased to less than 130, we had to take a longer break from 90 days. In men, at least hemoglobin 130.
The doctor said to eat meat - eating did not help - hemoglobin was not restored well. Another donor (woman) advised to take Fenuls - for women with strong periods - contains iron. It helps 10 tablets - hemoglobin 170 (off scale badly). The first 5-8 krovosdach felt better well-being in the first hours - the golden hour every resuscitator knows. The body detected blood loss and was activated for a couple of hours. Two times he fell ill with a cold immediately after bloodsucking - that means immunity is activated for a couple of hours, and then weakens with the body. I asked other doctors about these things in the state. clinics are kept silent in a rag, and in a commercial cardiologist of the highest category he said blood donation is harmful - pressure grows - the treatment is then long and expensive. You can donate blood rarely for your own. Recent pressure loss has increased the pressure of 150 to 95 and the pulse of the 105-pipets! then stabilized. It hurts to look at the 20 year old youth who for pennies -550r. and help in the university. spoils your health. The last five years - all young people over 50 in general, donors rarely find them specifically reject. It is necessary to limit the age of blood loss from 30 years! Blood suckers also reject me, the blood is oily, then hemoglobin 123, it takes 4 hours to go there and there are queues everywhere (young meat sits) - it’s not profitable and tiring, even Жor torments all the way. I would quit at all, but not long before an honorary donor, for 10-12 years, whatever I may be, and at work they pay for time off.
Sergey - July 16, 2017 - 19:26
I also donated blood and donated it (including platelets, plasma, etc.) about 20 times. I am 52 years old, I have never been ill, sports, I still feel a little bit of a barbell, although the hemoglobin is really falling, and last time the doctor drives me to the thrombocytes. And so I am a petty commerce and still zealous Orthodox (with accompanying posts, etc.). Maybe from fasting hemoglobin falls. In short, I consider blood donation as a form of helping my neighbors. Believe me, your health does not depend on nutrition and not on hemoglobin, but the will of God. The more you give, the more you get. If not in this life, so in the future. And you have fat blood, so from this it is necessary to fast the day before delivery. I occasionally, in general, do not eat the previous day. Although I do not recommend this to everyone. By well-being, by reason act.
On the day of blood donation
- In accordance with Art. 186 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation on the day of donation of blood and its components, as well as on the day of the medical examination, the donor is released from work, regardless of the form of ownership, while retaining the average earnings for these days.
If, in agreement with the administration, an employee who is a donor, went to work on the day of donation of blood and its components (with the exception of work with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions, when an employee cannot work on that day), he is given at his request, another day of rest with the preservation of his average earnings.
- The establishment of a blood service provides the donor with free meals or compensation for lunch.
In the weekend, during the annual holiday or on a holiday
When a donation is made during the period of annual paid vacation, on a weekend or non-working holiday, the employee, at his request, is granted another day of rest.
- Note. If the employee donated blood during the period of exemption from work due to illness, then another day of rest is not granted to him. After each day of donating blood and its components, an employee is given an additional day of rest. This day of rest at the request of the employee can be attached to the annual paid vacation or used at another time during the year from the date of donation of blood and its components. The employer saves the employee his average earnings for the days of donating blood and its components and the rest days provided in this connection.
- For all cases of determining the average earnings stipulated by the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, a uniform procedure is established for calculating it (Article 139 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation). This order is established by the Regulation on the peculiarities of the procedure for calculating the average wage, approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 12.24.2007 N 922.
Honorary donor of Russia
In accordance with the Federal Law No. 125-FZ "On the donation of blood and its components," the badge "Honorary Donor of Russia" is awarded to citizens who have passed for free:
- whole blood 40 or more times
- plasma 60 or more times
- whole blood 25 or more times and blood plasma in a total of 40,
- whole blood less than 25 and total blood plasma 60.
The law provides that the donation of any cellular component (erythrocytes, platelets or granulocytes) is equal to the donation of whole blood.
Honorary donors have the right to:
- extraordinary treatment in state or municipal healthcare organizations within the framework of the Program of State Guarantees of Providing Free Medical Care to Citizens of the Russian Federation,
- priority purchase at the place of work or study of preferential vouchers for sanatorium-resort treatment,
- provision of annual paid leave at any time convenient for them,
- annual cash payment.
Citizens of the Russian Federation awarded with the Honorary Donor of the USSR sign and permanently residing in the territory of the Russian Federation are entitled to social support measures of the Honorary Donor of Russia.
You can find out about the benefits to donors provided in your city by contacting your local social security agency.
What documents are required?
Before giving blood, the future donor fills in the questionnaires of the Blood Transfusion Station, where he must honestly answer all questions regarding his state of health and past diseases. From the sincerity of the donor depends both his health and the health of the recipient - the person to whom his blood will be poured. Be careful when filling in donor documents! Moreover, according to the Law of the Russian Federation “On the donation of blood and its components,” “A citizen who deliberately concealed or distorted information about his state of health is liable in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation if such actions have caused or could have caused a significant health disorder of the recipients.
Is donation safe for my health?
Yes, for any healthy adult, the blood supply process is absolutely safe and does not harm the body. According to a study by Finnish scientists, men who donate blood are dozens of times less susceptible to myocardial infarction, data from American researchers confirm that donor men are 30% less likely to suffer heart attacks.
You can find out more about blood donation on the single donor portal of St. Petersburg.
How to prepare for blood donation?
- On the eve and on the day of blood donation it is forbidden to use fatty, fried, spicy and smoked food, sausages, as well as meat, fish and dairy products, eggs and butter (including vegetable), chocolate, nuts and dates, avocados, beets, bananas. Fasting to donate blood is not necessary!
- It is better to drink sweet tea with jam, juices, fruit drinks, compotes, mineral water and eat bread, crackers, dryers, boiled cereals, pasta on water without oil, vegetables and fruits, EXCEPT avocados, beets, bananas.
- 48 hours before the visit to the blood service facility, alcohol cannot be consumed, and within 72 hours - to take medicines containing aspirin and analgesics.
- Also, an hour before the donation procedure, you should refrain from smoking.
- Doctors have determined that the body reacts best to blood loss in the morning hours. And the earlier the donation occurs, the easier this procedure is transferred. After 12:00, donating blood is recommended only for permanent donors.
- You should not plan a donation after night duty or just a sleepless night.
- Do not plan on donating blood immediately before exams, competitions, project delivery, during a particularly intensive period of work, etc.
- You must have your original passport with you.
Following these simple rules is especially important when taking platelets or plasma, their violation will affect the quality of the harvested blood components.
As for the state of health during blood donation, then some people experience slight dizziness. Malaise may be a slight decrease in pressure. However, usually the body of a healthy person with this easily copes.
Earn extra money, double your vacation and get benefits for the rest of your life.
I donated my first blood at 19 for money. I am now 27 years old and I am an honorary donor to Russia.
I have been donating blood for the last nine years, I have done this more than 75 times.
Every third person will need donor blood transfusions at least once in their life. If there is no blood supply in hospitals, the patient may die.
Donating blood is not painful and not scary. You will help other people, and the state will thank you. I'll tell you how to become a donor and get bonuses from this.
Who can be a donor
Any healthy person over 18 years old can become a donor in Russia. Donation has contraindications:
donors per 1000 inhabitants is necessary to cover the need for donated blood, according to WHO. In Russia, they are three times less
- chronic or contagious diseases,
- weight less than 50 kg.
You should temporarily refrain from giving blood to those who have had flu, acute respiratory viral infection or a sore throat. To become a donor after piercing, tattoos, childbirth or surgery, you need to wait 6-12 months.
If in doubt, can you become a donor, call the nearest transfusion station.
What is blood donation?
Whole blood. At one time, doctors take 450 ml of blood from a vein. Men can donate blood no more than once every two months, women every three months.
Platelets or plasma. In modern medicine, it is more necessary to use not the whole blood, but its components: plasma and platelets. When donated, the components are separated from the blood, the rest is returned to the vein along with saline to normalize pressure. Blood components can be donated every 2 weeks. Every 4-6 donations make a break for a month.
If you become a regular donor, then most often you will donate blood components. Pass them 10-20 times a year and become an honorary donor for 3-6 years.
Donating blood ahead of time will not work: all donors are listed in a single registry and you simply won’t miss you at the transfusion station. Break the deadline is harmful to health, because the body does not have time to recover.
After the first blood donation, it is placed in quarantine for 6 months. During this time, the donor must once again donate blood for examination to rule out infection. If this is not done, the blood is disposed of.
You should call from the blood transfusion station and invite again. But in fact, donors are often forgotten. Better come yourself a few months after the first delivery.
Where blood is donated
Blood is donated at the transfusion station or at the donor site. In Moscow, donors with registration in the regions can donate blood only in institutions of federal subordination.
In some donor sites, they are only accepted by appointment, I advise you to call and clarify. A single reference phone donor service: 8 800 333-33-30.
I advise you to donate blood at the transfusion station, and not in the hospital. At the station, everything is well organized: the rooms are nearby, the process is automated, the equipment is modern. In hospitals can be worse.
Blood transfusion station in Voronezh on Transportnaya street. The main donor point of the city. Here they donate blood and issue an honorary donor certificate.
How to donate blood
Three days before delivery, you cannot take aspirin and analgesics, for two days you are not allowed to drink alcohol. On the eve it is advised not to eat fatty, spicy and smoked food, dairy products. Be sure to have a good sleep and easy breakfast with sweet tea and something non-greasy. Do not smoke before the procedure.
The earlier during the day you donate blood, the easier the body will transfer the donation. It is best to donate blood before 11 o'clock. Only experienced donors come to lunch.
What to take with you
For the first blood donation at the transfusion station, you need to take a passport and the results of fluorography. Men also need to bring a military ID or registration card. From the second donation only a passport is required.
Submit documents to the transfusion station. Fill out a wellness questionnaire and a cash back payment claim.
For the first time take blood from a finger to determine the blood group and hemoglobin level. The therapist will take you: examine, weigh, measure pressure and ask about your health. After invited to the procedural.
Registry at the blood transfusion station Donors donate blood in special chairs
In the procedural donate blood or plasma. It usually takes an hour. If you are asked how you will hand over - manually or automatically - choose manually, so faster.
Donating blood does not hurt. Most likely, you will not feel anything except a light injection. Much depends on the individual, sometimes the donor may feel dizzy or nauseous, and even lose consciousness. You should not be afraid of this: experienced staff is always at the ready. In the nine years of donation, I felt bad only once, and that is because I did not eat breakfast. A couple of times I saw how it became bad for girls, but they easily came back to normal after airing. If you feel strange, immediately inform the staff.
After you will be given a certificate for the employer and let go home. In the next couple of days you need to eat well and properly, drink plenty of fluids. It is better to abandon physical exertion.
Donation for a fee
A donor can donate blood for money in public or private clinics. But paid donors are not needed everywhere. Rare blood types are usually required. If you want to donate blood for money - call 8 800 333-33-30 and ask where it is taken. And even better at a specific station or donor point.
How to become an honorary donor
To become an honorary donor to Russia, you must donate blood 40 times for free or donate blood with components. Then the donor fills out an application at the transfusion station, and after a few months receives the main documents: the certificate and the icon of the honorary donor.
My ID and honorary donor badge
Honorary donors of Russia receive an annual cash payment (in 2017 - 13,000 R). They are out of turn served in public institutions, give a 50% discount on prescription drugs. An honorary donor goes on vacation when he wants, and not when the employer releases him. In practice, benefits may vary depending on your region.
Donation for a fee is not included in the regulations for honorary donation.
Honorary donor of Moscow
In the capital there is the title of honorary donor of Moscow. Standards here - donate blood 20 times or components 30 times. Donations should be made at donor sites reporting to the Moscow Department of Health. They are located at the city clinical hospitals in Moscow, as well as research institutes and blood transfusion stations.
The honorary donor of Moscow with a Muscovite social card travels free of charge on public transport, receives a 50% discount on utility bills and a 50% discount on payment for drugs in city pharmacies.
After obtaining the title, it is necessary to donate blood at least 3 times within a year or plasma at least 7 times. After receiving the honorary donor of Russia, all the benefits of the honorary donor of Moscow remain.
How to negotiate with the employer
I heard that some employers do not like regular donors: they are more expensive than ordinary employees.
No such problems happened to me. When I worked in school, I donated blood before the lessons and did not bother anyone with this. He went to work after blood donation. At the end of the year, he went on vacation a little earlier due to unused time off.
By law, you can not warn an employer about wanting to donate blood. Passed, went on the weekend, then brought help to the accounting department.
But I always warn: so honest and easier. The head may be unhappy: the employee suddenly took and arranged a mini-vacation for himself. In order to agree with the employer, a few days before donation, I make up a free-form application, where I indicate how I plan to do with the weekend: will I go to work on the day of the donation or take a day off.
In my experience and that of familiar donors, it is better to negotiate with the manager in advance. Tell that you are a donor and you are entitled to benefits. Check with the manager and colleagues when your absence will not be so noticeable. Go for a compromise.
Before the procedure, a potential donor undergoes a free medical examination, which includes a reception by a transfusiologist and a preliminary laboratory study.
At the same time, there are a number of contraindications to donation: absolute, that is, independent of the duration of the disease and the results of treatment, and temporary - valid only for a certain period.
Абсолютными противопоказаниями является наличие таких серьезных заболеваний как ВИЧ-инфекция, сифилис, вирусные гепатиты, туберкулез, болезни крови, онкологические заболевания и другие.
Возможно, Вы будете разочарованы тем, что не сможете совершить донацию при наличии абсолютных противопоказаний.
Однако Служба крови надеется, что Вы поймете нашу главную задачу — обеспечение безопасности компонентов донорской крови для пациентов.
Наличие противопоказаний к донорству не означает, что Вы не можете внести свой вклад в развитие добровольного донорства крови!
In the “Volunteers” section you can find out how to help the Donor movement. Save lives with the Blood Service!
Temporary contraindications have different terms depending on the cause. The most common prohibitions are: tooth extraction (10 days), tattooing, piercing or acupuncture treatment (1 year), sore throat, flu, ARVI (1 month from the date of recovery), menstruation (5 days from the date of termination), abortion (6 months ), the period of pregnancy and lactation (1 year after delivery, 3 months after the end of lactation), vaccinations.