At the beginning of autumn, the selected part of the harvested grain was folded into a specially made bag. Especially carefully treated to capricious buckwheat. The bag was called "pussy." He was from the canvas, with ties on top. He was given the appearance of a pupa. The doll was placed in the Red Corner of the hut, in the spring the filling was carefully withdrawn. Mixed with another grain and sowed on the field with the wishes of a good harvest. Later, masters began to sew such dolls specially, decorating them with symbolic embroidery.
Modern attitude to the talisman
After a while, the dolls began to put several types of grain at once, as well as other things that were considered talismans. Charm began to give for Christmas and Christmas time. Each hostess was happy about such a gift as a grain doll. The craftswomen tried to sew them for all relatives with their own hands.
Charm and today will be the perfect gift for people close to you for the New Year holidays or Christmas. The main thing is to present the gift with sincere wishes of good, health and good luck. Next, let's talk about how to make a doll Zernovushka with your own hands.
What was the name of the charm in different parts of the Russian land
Doll Zernovushka in different parts of Russia had different names. It all depended on which cultures were most valued by the inhabitants. In the southern part, buckwheat was more loved, and a doll was stuffed with it. Accordingly, she had a name - Buckwheat. Where millet was most respected, it was called Krupenichka. In the northern regions, she was given the name Zernovushka and was filled with oats.
Master class number 1: how to make a doll Zernovushki do it yourself
It should be noted that it is not as difficult to make it as it may seem at first glance. Making dolls Zernovushki start with the selection of beautiful fabrics, because the talisman should you like. Only in this case it will work.
For sewing dolls you will need:
- Fabric two-thread, to create a bag (10 x 12 cm).
- Cotton for skirts (5.5x10 cm), for sleeves (3.5x2 cm), for scarves (12x17 cm).
- Flax for apron (6x5.5 cm)
Sew a regular bag from the double-stitch. Pour into it pre-cooked filler. It should not be very tight. Tie on top. Drag it to a thread just above the middle. The little body of the pupa is ready, you can proceed to the tailoring.
First make a skirt. Sew it out of cotton, sew a rectangle along the short side, and put it on the doll. From a piece of flax, make an apron. You can pre-decorate it with embroidery, and then stretch the thread, thus creating a fringe. Tie the skirt and apron thread.
Next, sew the doll hands. To do this, take two cotton rectangle. Bend and smooth the edges so that it is not sprinkled. For this you need to take two squares of white calico. Fold it twice with a "scarf", and pull the corners to the middle.
Connect the sleeve and palm, winding them together with a thread. Similarly, make a second hand. Tighten both sleeves to the neck.
Decorate the head. Tie a piece of lace to it. Take the flap of the same cotton from which the skirt is sewn, and open the triangle. Tie it on your head like a kerchief.
How to sew a doll Zernovushka (very simple way)
This master class is so simple that even children of primary school age will cope with it. Take two types of cotton: white and colored, knitting, and filler. From a colored fabric, cut a circle with a radius of 16.5 cm. Thread the needle and sew around the perimeter with simple stitches. Pull it off a bit and pour in the filler. Now it is possible to completely pull off the formed ball and sew it up.
Cut a second circle with a radius of 8 cm from white fabric. Similarly, we sew it around the perimeter with simple stitches. A little we tighten a thread, we fill a ball with cotton wool, a synthetic winterizer or a holofiber (at choice). Sew together the torso and head.
Making doll hair. Take a thick knitting thread, the right color. Wind them onto the can, making about 20 turns.
Remove them from the tank. Attach the folded threads to the head and fix with a back needle stitch. Make the doll tails, winding the ends of the "hair" with thin rubber bands. If you wish, you can decorate her outfit with an apron of lace, and your hairstyle with ribbons, an artificial flower or a small vest. Slavic coastal dolls have always been made without a face.
Male hypostasis Zernovushki - peasant-richer
A rich man appeared later than Zernovushka. He can be considered her younger relative. They made such a guardian with a specific goal - to attract money to the house, that is, so that it would be possible not only to live well, but also to save money. The amulet was filled not only with grain, but also with coins or bills. Clothes to the muzhik were sewed elegant, dapper. It should have been bright fabrics, beautiful braid, embroidery.
In the house a rich man was supposed to find a place for himself. He was often rearranged and tried to understand whether he liked one or another corner. A sure sign was that the doll began to blend in with its surroundings.
Game rag doll Pea
After a while, the doll-amulet migrated to the nursery. Needlewomen began to sew a prototype of Zerovushka - Pea. Pupa for games stuffed with peas or beans. Our ancestors were wise, although they did not know that such a filler develops fine motor skills in children. They acted intuitively, and only after a while, scientists proved that the child’s intellect "lives" in their finger tips. After all, when massaging pads with filler, the brain lobes are used, which are responsible for the baby's speech.
Not only little girls were amused by such dolls. They were also played by boys up to 7–8 years old (while the child walked in a shirt). As soon as he began to dress up in his trousers, games with dolls stopped.
What can fill the grain cherries (filling value)
Each hostess filled the doll depending on the needs of the family. For the amulet they took the largest and necessarily integral elements. Inside the talisman can not put chalked grain, flakes. Each filler had its own meaning:
- Corn - the health of the smallest inhabitants of the house (children and pets).
- Peas symbolize friendship and peace in the family.
- Millet - protection from the evil eye.
- Pumpkin seeds put those who want to replenish the family.
- Sunflower seeds are a symbol of solar energy. Bring health to all inhabitants of the house.
- Buckwheat symbolized wealth.
- Beans - to replenish the family.
- Rice - for monetary gain.
- Pearl barley - a symbol of satiety.
- Oats laid for the health of all family members (horsepower).
Grain Charm Additions
In addition to cereals, you can put in a charm:
- Rose petals - for passionate love between spouses.
- Nuts and acorns - to prolong youth.
- Money - only the largest bill.
- Garlic for health and protection from the evil eye.
- Wormwood for protection from evil forces. Helps from nightmares.
- Rowan - protects the family.
- Hypericum, chamomile - for health.
- Clover and cumin for good luck in business.
- In order to make money in the family - bay leaf.
- Children's amulet - sunflower root and wild rose berries.
- Mac - brings good luck and success in all matters.
- You can put three, five or seven pieces of coins.
- Lavender - for those who want growth in the family.
- Birch leaves - to get married next year.
There is another magical ingredient that not everyone knows about. This ash from the fireplace, taken from the house, in which everything is safe. If you have such friends, ask them for a little ash. In return, be sure to leave some small gift. With this ingredient you can improve your financial situation.
Do not put wax inside the amulet. It is used in black magic and is sealed to them only the bad. Also, the Zernovushka doll should not be filled with earth, do not put nails or hair into it. Some people believe that black soil is suitable for a talisman as a symbol of fertility, but this should not be done in any way. One more thing, which in no case was put inside such a talisman, like the Zernovushka doll - a photo.
Other folk amulet dolls
The talisman in the form of a motanka doll is hundreds of years old. Most often, the basis was taken the image of a woman. Dolls were divided into charms, games, rituals. Last did not play. They were sewn especially for girls on the issue and kept in chests. Then he was given on the wedding day with the wishes of love and peace in the family.
While the children were small, their toys were sewn by mothers, sisters, and grandmothers. A girl at the age of 5 herself could already make a doll of a diaper. It was a piece of cloth rolled up. It was covered with linen fabric. Breasts were made of tightly packed balls. She was made a braid from threads and sewed clothes from motley matter.
Gradually, the pupae became more complex. By their appearance judged on the skills of the girl as a needlewoman. Adolescents often took a cart with dolls with them to gatherings with friends. These toys are treated very carefully. In the hut they were kept in caskets, chests, boxes. Children were forbidden to throw them around the house and leave on the street.
Using the technique of motanka, they also created puppets, who walked around the house from harm and disease. They were thirteen:
Hanging amulets near the stove, and burned in the spring. They made such dolls from old clothes or bed linen. They took the one in which they were happy. The traditional colors for these amulets are red (the color of life) and white (the color of the order).
Wherever the doll was made and whatever was filled with the grain guard Zernovushka, everywhere it was a symbol of full life, fertility and well-being.
Krupenichka doll: meaning, history, features
The ancient Slavs had a lot of customs associated with coastal dolls. One of them left its mark on history as a symbol of wealth and prosperity. In each family, they made a guard for a good harvest and satiety - a Krupenichka watch doll. Our ancestors gave her other names: Pea, Zernovushka, Zernushka. There is also a male version of the dolls, they are called The Rich. The charm is filled with selected grain from the previous harvest.
Guests who visited the host house could make out from the threshold whether the family was poor or rich. If the doll was fat, it meant that people had a good harvest and would survive the winter safely.
Krupenichka was revered in every home. She was placed in the most prominent place in the red corner of the house so that everyone who entered could admire her. The first handful for sowing was taken exactly from the bag of Zernovushki. It was believed that the seeds in winter kept all the strength of mother earth. After the harvest festival, the best cereal was again poured into the bag with the hope that next year the harvest would be no worse.
Krupenicka doll is also called the Pea and the Cornflower
Making the guard Krupenichki was a ritual. When creating the doll women read prayers, sang songs. The basis was taken bags of burlap. There the most good grain was poured. It turned out the body of the future pupa. The head was attached to it, it was tied with a scarf, the waist was marked with a belt. The doll was faceless, sometimes a symbol of water, sun or earth was applied instead of a face.
Krupenichka kept in her the most revered varieties of cereals. Buckwheat grains were one of them. And although buckwheat is the most capricious in caring and cultivation, they were valued the most. Over time, the bags began to fill with wheat, peas and millet. So there were bulk dolls Zernovushka and Pea.
Charm and its properties
The Zerovushka charm is very simple to manufacture, but it carries an important meaning. Such a talisman guarded against hunger and crop failure, gave hope for a good winter, favorable spring farming, warm and rainy summer, fertile autumn.
Krupenichka was presented as a gift to Kolyada, a harvest celebration, Christmas holidays. These are sacred days associated with wealth and fertility. It is believed that the doll contributes to a good harvest for the next and all subsequent years.
In the modern world, Krupenichka is given to new settlers, wishing them to live in prosperity in a new house. Another reason for such an important gift is a wedding. Newlyweds, beginning their joint life path, need beregin, which will protect their wealth.
Krupenichka doll is often presented at a wedding, usually with her couple, the Rich Man.
How to make Krupenichka do it yourself
According to custom, all the ancient Slavic oberezhnye dolls do not have a face. They need to create without the use of piercing and cutting objects. Scissors can only be used to form clothes. All elements of Krupenichka are not sewn, but put on, this is the name of such talismans - the motanka doll.
For the manufacture of the coastal doll, we need:
- a piece of canvas with a length and width of 20 cm,
- bottom shirt (rectangle openwork fabric, the size of the bag, impose on the place where the pupa should be waist),
- top shirt,
- 7 cm wide fabric for a padded jacket (it is the pupa handle), the length depends on the thickness of matter,
- knitted fabric for warrior,
- for a scarf - soft fabric up to 40 cm long,
Clothes for Krupenichki better pick bright
Traditionally, charm is filled with buckwheat. It symbolizes abundance and wealth. The value of other cereals:
- oats are a symbol of strength
- barley - so that all households were full,
- rice was the most expensive cereal, dolls made of it as a gift for a holiday.
You can put not one kind of grain, but several.
- We make a bag - in the center of the matter pour the selected cereals. Sometimes a coin is put on the bottom for good luck and wealth.
- Top neatly tied. At the same time we smooth the bag so that there are as little irregularities and folds on the front side. We put on the bottom shirt, the longest of all clothes of Krupenichka.
- We put on the top shirt. It is necessary that it does not close. The bottom shirt should peek ahead at 3 cm, and behind - at 3-5 mm.
- We put on a warrior so that he fits his head well.
- We twist the sleeves on both sides of the fabric for the padded jacket.
- Over a shirt we put on a padded jacket. The edges of the twisted sleeves should be outside, 2 cm taller than the top shirt.
- Tie a padded jacket. With the same thread we put on the apron.
- The apron should not be very long, so that the lower and upper shirts are peeking out about 3 mm below. Extend everything smoothly and align.
- We tie a scarf on the head.
- We dress up a doll. You can hang a necklace of red beads around your neck, attach small bells or spoons to your body.
To activate the pupa, talk to her. Tell us about your family, share your dreams of a rich and prosperous life in abundance.
There is also a simplified method of making a charm doll. It is distinguished by a small amount of materials and minimal time. For Krupenichki need:
- a sock from dense matter that grain did not pour out,
- light lace fabric
- for apron and a sundress - bright shreds.
It is possible to make a doll from a sock in half an hour.
- In a pouch of sock, we pour the cereal and tightly tie it into three knots. Thread make neck doll.
- We form pens of light matter, wind them up with a thread. From bright pieces of fabric we prepare apron and a sundress. The apron should be a little shorter than the dress.
- Do Krupenichka headdress. We tie a bright handkerchief so as to cover their head, neck and hangers of the doll.
How to use the charm
Krupenichka not hide, and put in a prominent place. Traditionally, in spring the doll was dismantled, put in order, repaired clothes, if there was a need for it. With the onset of the harvest festival, it was again filled with selected grain, dressed up - and the doll stood in the red corner of the house all winter until spring.
When Zernovushka ceases to please, loses its strength, it is betrayed to the elements. Water purifies and frees the doll’s memory, fire activates and translates into a different quality, and the earth absorbs all the bad and protects the good. Each owner of the amulet should feel for himself which of the elements to choose.
Harvest in antiquity was closely associated with wealth. Therefore, Krupenichka, a sketching doll that symbolizes abundance, was filled with the best grains of harvested grain. Now wealth is associated with other things, but the simple talisman of our ancestors continues to work in the modern world.
In Russia, the most popular amulets were cute rag dolls. They can still be found in souvenir shops. But if you want to create a talisman, it is recommended to make a doll with your own hands.
The process of creating a charm doll was passed down from generation to generation. The main condition is that the family member should be involved in making the talisman. Different dolls are used for different purposes, you can really make a lot of them. There would be faith and desire!
It is important to know that in no case can use sharp metal objects during the manufacture of dolls-talismans. Set aside scissors, needles, tweezers, and other tools.
Multi-colored rags are best fastened with knots of thread. Cut off them must be manually or bite off. It is because of the peculiarities of manufacturing, these wards are called nodular.
The motanka doll is a powerful energy protector against unpleasant events, misfortunes, illnesses, as well as evil eyes and defacement. Svarga (as the doll’s head is called) has a positive effect on a person, makes it easier for him to go towards goals and helps him to know himself.
Создать куклу-мотанку собственными руками совсем несложно. Но важно знать, что делать это необходимо в добром расположении духа, ведь именно при создании закладывается энергетика оберега. Если она будет негативной, но и воздействие куклы будет таким же.
Стоит заранее определиться, в чем именно кукла будет помощником. Will health, love, luck, or maybe more money? For different purposes it is better to create different dolls.
To create a motanka doll, it is best to use natural threads or patches of clothes of loved ones.
Remember that you can not be interrupted in any case. If the energy flow is interrupted, the doll will lose its power, and may bring bad luck.
Doll Bereginya (from the words - "saves", "protects") - a kind of motanka, a protective amulet to protect the home and family members from trouble, unkind misfortunes and something evil. The doll had a double meaning. The pillar, which serves as the basis, symbolized the masculine force, and the skirt or sundress designated the enveloping, preserving feminine force. Thus, the doll was a union of male and female beginnings.
Sometimes such dolls were called A stick. The name was given on the principle of a column, a roller, which serves as the basis for creating the image of the figure.
The picture above is on the right. Doll - Veduchkawhich is done the same way as Columbus, but with a child. “Veduchka” is a word related in Russian with the words “to know” and “to lead”, that is, to know and direct, hence the name “leading to life”.
One of the most beautiful versions is that Veduchka is a knowledgeable adult, carrying out a child who later becomes the leader for a descendant, the eternal change of generations. The doll symbolizes continuity, a connection with our feminine gender, feminine power and an inexhaustible source of life.
I really like dolls - pelenashki. Very cute kids, by the way, children like pupae like them and they are made in 5 minutes.
Pelenashka doll is a famous traditional Slavic doll, which was made for an infant. The diaper is always without a face. It was believed that she closes the newborn from the evil eye.
Twisting under the name “Pelenashka” was done by the eldest woman in the family as soon as the family learned about the pregnancy. She, like other charms, was done without a face so that evil spirits would not enter it.
Other sources say that the pelenashku twisted the expectant mother in the last month of pregnancy. First of all, such a twist was placed next to the pregnant woman in order to facilitate the arrival of a new person into the world, and then the Diaper was placed in the cradle so that it warmed it for the newborn. Further, the charm protects the baby from the evil eye. This was especially true of children with birth injuries.
Doll charm from threads
Those who wanted to protect themselves from the effects of evil forces and to protect themselves from inactivity, misfortunes and diseases, it was recommended to make a charm doll out of thread. I have already laid out a master class for making such pupae here.
Most often, these dolls were created as gifts to dear people for some festive events. Occasionally they were inherited.
Such a talisman doll should be made of yarn. It is advisable to use the color red, because it symbolizes happiness, love, and well-being. It is also believed that this color enhances the magical properties of the doll, and, accordingly, protects it from evil forces much more effectively.
A thread doll should be faceless: no eyes, no nose, and a smile. This is a bad omen.
Doll Kubyshka, also known as Travnitsa Doll, belongs to the category of coils. For centuries, it has been used to improve health, strengthen the immune system, and have a positive effect on the nervous system.
The peculiarity of the Travnitsa Doll is that it is filled with extremely useful dried herbs, capable of overcoming any ailment. Often this charm is located next to the bed of a person who is sick, or is given to a child so that he becomes stronger spiritually and physically during the game.
To date, Kubyshku Doll can be purchased at any specialized shop. But it is important to understand that a self-made doll will be much more effective and efficient, because a person is nourishing her with his own positive emotions.
In addition, by creating a doll independently, a person can make it special, add decorations in the form of beads, beads, ribbons, lace, and others.
The grain doll, also known as Krupenichka Doll, is a symbol of fertility. In ancient Russia at the end of the summer, the best grain was poured into a bag, they made a charming doll out of it, and put it in a prominent place. In the spring, this grain was sown, anticipating a rich harvest.
Usually, grain cakes are filled with millet, wheat, or peas. It is allowed to mix cereals - this is how a symbol of abundance is obtained, which also carries exclusively positive energy.
Krupenicka doll is recommended to do with their own hands. You can give it to close relatives and good friends with the wishes of all the best, wealth and good luck.
Someone may think that charms are a relic of the past. But the fact remains that many people keep traditions, and still surround themselves with cute, energetically strong things.
Doll Dolushka with a scythe
In the master class used ready-made kit, but the materials can be picked up and most.
In the doll Happiness, the main thing is the hair, in them the feminine power. The scythe twists up and serves as a support for the doll, making it stable. Few traditional folk dolls can stand alone. The doll for good luck has a peculiar lap-up, which helps her on the way to search for your happiness, because the path is long.
She touches and touches everyone who sees her for the first time. You can play it without fear that it will spin up, as in the version of folk dolls of twists, which should only stand in a place of honor. You can wear such a doll for good luck as a talisman as key chains on bags and mobile phones. It can be put on the desktop or a bedside table.
A lucky doll is both a funny cute doll, and a talisman, and your helper on the way to achieving the goal, and hope for the most beautiful future. The doll “To Happiness” is a folk doll - amulet. This little girl with a very long braid and arms raised to the Sun. Spit, as a symbol of femininity and feminine power, symbolizes health, wealth, beauty and long life. Best of all, if the spit is directed up and forward - to new achievements and new successes. In Russian folk tales, where heroes seek their happiness, this little doll is mentioned as a helper doll. So now it is believed that if you carry such a doll with you, you will be successful and you will find your Happiness.
The doll “For Happiness” is convenient because you can always take it with you, put it in your handbag or pocket, put it on your desktop or on a shelf with books. Wherever you go and wherever you are, communicate with your pupa and then, the Happiness and Joy you were looking for will find you. When communicating with a pupa, one expresses one's desires or sorrows, dreams and secrets, and all that is said out loud can come true or go forever, the main thing is to precisely formulate the wish of the pupa. Such communication always brings Joy, Spiritual Warmth and Harmony.
In the face of this little crumbs you will find a girlfriend, a helper and Bereginya, and most importantly, find yourself. After all, while you speak with a doll, you unwittingly associate yourself with a little girl who needs to be loved, cherished, praised, supported, guided or shown and as soon as you realized this, you immediately imagine who you would like to see next to you. And the more often you look at your doll, the more often you will remember that Image of a Man you want to see in Life. This is where miracles happen. ))) Once thought, two thought, and on the fifteenth - Man appeared.
Incredibly beautiful pupae are made by master Olga Mironova. . Here are examples of her work.
How did the doll Krupenichka
The ancient Slavs had many customs associated with the creation and use of coastal dolls. There were the lovebirds to strengthen family ties, and the bells to attract joy, as well as the guardian of Krupenichka. The latter symbolized wealth and prosperity. Krupenichka’s main concern was to provide a rich table - so that each of the family members was full, satisfied and happy.
Zernovushka doll not only attracted well-being at the energy level, but also helped to avoid real hunger. Slavs filled the pupa with grain at the beginning of autumn, after harvesting, using these stocks, when there was nothing to eat.
Visitors to the house at a glance could understand how poor or rich the family was. If Krupenichka has magnificent forms, it means that the family is not hungry. The thinner Lyalka says that difficult times have come.
History has brought to us information about the doll, traditionally accompanying Zernovushka. This doll was called a rich man. She represented a male figure, and her goal was to ensure financial prosperity.
What does the guardian symbolize?
Most Slavic motankov helped their owners on an energy level. Some attracted love, others defended them from diseases and intrigues, while others brought good mood to the house.
Among all the other lyalek Krupenichka was special, because she helped feed the family. The doll attracted the energy of wealth, expressed in a festively covered table, and also served another important role. Namely - served as a repository for the best grain harvested this year. The following year, a handful of grain from Zernovushka was taken out and sown again. Our ancestors believed that in this way they improve the harvest.
The value of grains and seeds
Traditionally hidden under the hem of Krupenichka, a sack for grain was filled with buckwheat. But allowed to use other crops.
Motanka must be filled only with seeds and grain suitable for sowing. After all, the main value of a Krupenichka doll is not to serve as a storage bag, but to provide for future harvest and prosperity.
Each of the croup has its own meaning for Zernovushka:
- buckwheat means wealth on the table, abundance in the house,
- oats help maintain strength, strengthen health,
- barley symbolizes satiety,
- rice at that time was considered the most expensive croup, therefore its value is wealth.
You can choose one of them or add several, or even fill the doll all at once.
Master class on making dolls Krupenichki
Krupenicka easy to make yourself. This can be done by anyone who is engaged in a little needlework. The most difficult thing in making a talisman is the selection of materials. All of them must be natural. Otherwise, it will take patience and free time.
For work, take:
- White cloth for grain bag size 26x65 cm.
- Material red - go to the shirt. Size 30x10 cm
- Orange fabric with patterns for a cap. Traditionally, wool is used for it, but it can be replaced with something else. Format as in the previous paragraph.
- Maroon for zipuna. 29x9 cm
- 3 strips of cloth for ochelya with a scarf 20x4 cm. Each strip should have its own color.
- Pieces of cloth for the apron: 10x8.5 cm, 9x7.5 cm, 8.6.5 cm.
- Red triangle for a scarf with a base of 58 cm and a height of 14 cm.
- Green buckwheat for filling - about 500 grams.
- Red thread for bonding fabrics.
- Lace, beads for the belt.
- Cardboard - to shape the bag.
- Double-sided tape.
- Make a tube out of a sheet of cardboard, holding it together with double-sided tape. It will help shape the grain bag.
- Next, wrap a roll of white cloth several times, and then tie it to one side with a thread, like candy. Twist the thread to the right side, making an even number of knots. Do not cut the thread with scissors - tear it off or leave it as it is.
- Pull out the cardboard insert by twisting the bag inside out. This is done in order to hide the bundle. Now you can fill it with buckwheat or any other cereal.
- When it remains about 3-4 cm to the edge, reassemble the fabric with a candy, repeating the manipulations with the knotted threads.
- Take the red cloth and then attach it to the top of the bag. The fabric must be placed inside out. After that, tie it under the thread, turning it out.
- In the same way, attach a cloth for changing. An important caveat: the edges should be bent on each side so that the material does not converge in front, leaving a red lumen from the bottom material. Similarly, you need to tuck and zipun - just fix it a little higher.
- When the caftan is ready, go for aprons. First the largest piece of cloth, then the smallest and finally the smallest. We do it according to the already familiar principle - we put it inside out, we tie it up, we unfold it.
- After him, attach the eyeglass to the doll's head, put a scarf on her head. You need to fix it so that everything looks neat and symmetrical. Hide the remaining tips inside.
- Krupenichka is almost ready. The last element remained - to make her a belt, decorating with beads, and tie it under a kerchief.
Your Grain is ready. Now you can put it on a place of honor or give to the one to whom it was intended.
Taking these dimensions as a basis, you can change them - increase or decrease if you want to make a Grain Cushion of another size.
Features of use of Grain
Krupenichka dolls require special treatment. You need to be able to make them correctly, as well as know the rules of use. Rag charms in the form of dolls practically can not bring harm to a person. But ignorance of the traditions of their application can lead to the fact that the amulet will not be able to perform its functions.
To avoid this, make sure that the following conditions are met:
- Make Krupenichka on the growing moon so that the energy of the night star will increase satiety and wealth in the house.
- Place the doll closer to the refrigerator or near the cabinet where the cereals are stored. So she will interact with the energy of food, enhancing it - that is, increasing the food on the table.
- Giving a talisman to loved ones, do not forget to fill it with cereal. To give this Lyalka an empty one means to wish for poverty and difficulties.
The traditional folk doll charm, used according to all the rules, will fill the life of the family with joy and ensure the constant presence of food on the table.
Charm doll "Zerovushka". Master Class
Doll "Krupenichka" (or "Zernovushka") refers to the traditional guardian dolls from the Slavs. Such dolls were usually made after harvest, as the doll is filled with grain (grain).
Zernushka-Krupenichka (or Zernovushka) - traditional Slavic amulet for wealth, satiety and prosperity.
There were two types of dolls - Krupenichka, which was filled with buckwheat, and Zernovushka, which could be filled with rice, oats, or barley. There was also the male version of the cereal doll - Bogach. The Slavs traditionally have developed that all ritual dolls are made faceless.
For work we will need small pieces of fabric of a suitable color range, the threads for fastening the details of the dolls were usually red.
The rectangle of the main fabric 12 x 16 cm we fold the short sides together and sew, the lower section is tightly tightened. The resulting bag turns out.
Tightly stuffed with rump and tied. The tightly stuffed pouch is very good and tight.
The next step is to wear a shirt (underskirt) on the doll. To do this, a piece of white cloth or lace of 20 x 6 cm (with the wrong side up) is applied to the bag, tightly wrapped with red thread,
and then we lower our skirt from the top of the doll to the bottom. The main thing is that the shirt covers the lower part of the doll.
I have a double shirt - the lower white and the upper red in white polka dots 1 8x 6. Repeat the same way as with a white shirt.
Just turn out.
The apron can be any. I made an embroidery for the apron on the canvas, you can take a piece of cloth, lace.
The apron as well as the shirt can be multi-layered. The more “layered” the clothes, the more beautiful the doll (this is for my taste).
We roll up the sleeves (2 parts of 6 x 10 cm), and together with the warm jacket (upper shirt) we attach the doll to it.
The last stage of the work is putting on a shawl charm. He is tied to a doll in such a way that not only the head, but also the neck is rewound - so the handiwork looks the most natural. But first you need to fasten a strip of fabric 6 x 17 cm (povynik), you can fasten a beautiful lace together with a povynik, and only then a scarf on top.
In order to make the doll look more elegant, you can wear various decorations on it - starting from the coastal belt and ending with bright beads. Krupenichka can also be decorated with earrings.
You can very quickly and easily create a charm that will bring wealth and happiness to the house. It is not necessary to buy expensive materials for it - everything you need and so is in every home.
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Zernovushka, still a pupa called Krupenichka, Zernushka, Pea, was the main pupa in a series of charms. The doll was made for satiety, prosperity, well-being in the family. Traditionally, it was filled with selected grain from the new crop and stored until next year. The first handful of cooking took their symbolic bag, which was a pupa. Важным было то, как поведет себя внутри куколки крупа – если отсыреет – год будет плохим, если останется чистым и сухим – будет сытость и достаток. Чтобы уберечь куклу от влаги, ее ставили неподалеку от очага, где всегда тепло и сухо.
Наполняли оберег крупами, каждая из которых символизировала определенное состояние семьи:
- гречиха добавлялась сытость и богатство, изначально кукла наполнялась именно этим зерном,
- rice is the most expensive grain at that time, it was added to the feast,
- the barley was put on satiety,
- oats - on the force.
You can put all kinds of cereals, and on the bottom of the pupa, at the very bottom - a coin.
People believed that the tighter the grain of Grain is stuffed, the richer and satier the next year will be. By appearance, the guardian was judged on the prosperity and security of the family - if the doll is thin, then the house is in trouble and crop failure, and if it is fluffy and full, then it is only in prosperity.
Master class to create a pupa
To attract wealth to the family, satiety and well-being, you can make a doll independently. In order for the amulet to turn out to be correct, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions given by the master class.
For work you will need:
- light natural (linen) fabric,
- cotton fabric (preferably white)
- wool, cotton or linen fabric in different colors,
- a piece of drape or knitwear
- wool threads of bright colors,
- filler - cereals or grain.
A white bag is made from a white linen rectangle. You can stitch the side seams, while receiving a rectangular bag. You can - pour in the middle of the grain, holding the fabric by the edges. Gently lifting the edges and tapping the rest of the grain on the table. Tie the resulting ball at the top of the thread, twisting tightly several times.
For the skirt, a piece of bright fabric is used, which is wrapped around the body and tied with a thread.
For an apron it is worth using the most beautiful and bright fabric. This is the most elegant item of pupa’s wardrobe, because it can be decorated with ribbon, embroidery, lace.
For pens, use two pieces of fabric, not crumbling in the edge. It can be thin felt, felt, knitwear. Pieces of material are twisted into a tube and tied with a string at the level of the pupa's chest.
Now primat on top of the apron.
In order to form a head, in the upper part of the doll they make a forehead from a triangular piece of takni. Long ends are best trimmed. A scarf is put on top of the headrest. The scarf should be bright, elegant color.
From woolen or linen threads you can twist the belt and dye them clothes. The tips of the belt hide sweat with a scarf from the back.
Under the doll is fashionable to put a coin, the coin will attract additional energy.
Another option, how to make a doll, looks even easier. Work requires a baby sock, as well as cuts of bright flower fabric.
Socks are used as a bag, filling with cereals. The top, where there is an elastic band, is over-tightened with a string, then another grain is added, the waist is raised again, and the remaining fabric is lowered down and fixed at head level. It turns out some kind of caterpillar or snowman. With this method, the doll has a more pronounced head.
Next, the pupa is worn by analogy with the previous method: they put handles on it, then put on an apron, a jacket, an emee, a warrior, a scarf on the head. You can also decorate Krupnyachku beads of coins or beads.
Ancestors believed that for wintering the pupa should be dressed festively and elegantly, and besides - it was warm, so that in winter the charm would not freeze and fulfill its protective functions.
The finished grain is put on the most prominent place and they are sure to tell her thanks when cooking.
Be sure to create a pupa in a good mood. This affects the behavior of the amulet. Good thoughts increase the power of the pupa, bad thoughts take away its positive energy.
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