Cocoa beans are the fruits that are the basis for the production of not only beloved chocolate, but also cocoa butter and oil cake. Valuable product used in many industries, especially useful for humans. All this is due to antioxidants and vitamins contained here in considerable quantities.
Little about the composition
Chocolate tree grains can boast the content of all components necessary for the human body. These are, first of all, fats, proteins and carbohydrates, as well as not less important alkaloids, mineral components and acids of organic origin.
Considering the side of chemical composition, it can be noted that the special value of the product lies in the core, cocoa shells and germ. These parts are quite rich in necessary components.
There is cocoa butter in the core, it accounts for 55% of the total volume. These are stearic and palmetinic acids.
The presence of tannins explains the special, slightly bitter taste and color of the product.
Carbohydrates are contained in the following composition: starch (5-9%), sucrose, fructose and glucose.
The presence of acids - malic, citric, acetic, tartaric.
The content of mineral components - calcium, phosphorus, magnesium is irreplaceable. Still contains ash, which in coffee beans 2-4%.
Aromatic elements are responsible for creating the peculiar smell that chocolate has.
Beans are rich in vitamins. Most of them are elements of group B. You can also talk about biotin, nicotinic and pantothenic acid.
Where cocoa beans are used
Unusual fruits of the chocolate tree are widely used in the food industry. The most important and valuable product obtained from such grains is cocoa butter, which is used as a base in the production of all varieties of chocolate.
After processing the raw materials, dry residues are obtained, they are familiar to us, like cocoa powder.
Useful grains are used in pharmacology, the production of perfumes.
Cocoa Bean Benefits
The fruit of the chocolate tree is a raw material, which is a huge storehouse of useful substances and elements for humans.
- Due to the content of epicatechin, it will be possible to significantly reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack, diabetes.
- Kokokhil - a special element that promotes the growth of dermal cells. This means that wounds will heal faster, wrinkles will gradually smooth out and the chances of never knowing what a stomach ulcer will increase.
- When using this valuable product in the body gets a large amount of magnesium, and therefore a person has a feeling of euphoria. The heart works better, the blood circulation is more efficient, and the bones grow stronger.
- Agrinin is a recognized aphrodisiac, and tryptophan is an excellent anti-depressant. Both of these components are contained in fruits.
- The sulfur content helps to improve the condition of the skin, nails and curls.
Thus, it is safe to say that the role of cocoa beans is reduced to the improvement of all processes in the body.
What kind of harm can cocoa beans do?
Most people can safely enter into the diet cocoa beans, without worrying about possible harm. However, do not forget about reasonable quantities, because if you do not adhere to a certain framework, then chemicals related to caffeine from a friend can quickly turn into an enemy.
Doctors are concerned about the fact that the use of cocoa in unreasonable amounts can aggravate the condition of patients who suffer from anxiety disorders.
Caution should be exercised by people suffering from bleeding disorders. In connection with the slowing down of this process in cases of excessive use of cocoa, the risk of large blood loss increases.
The cores have the risk of tachycardia.
It is not recommended to use the product with diarrhea and irritable bowel symptoms, the condition can only be aggravated.
Caution should be exercised by patients suffering from such pathology as gastroesophageal reflux disease. Excessive use of cocoa can aggravate the symptoms of the disease.
Due to the ability of cocoa to increase intraocular pressure, patients with glaucoma should exclude this product from the diet.
A lot of damage to such raw materials can cause hypertension.
Overly sensitive people may complain of migraines or headaches.
Caffeine-related compounds contribute to the rapid elimination of calcium from the body along with urine. From this we can conclude about the dangers of the product to people with osteoporosis.
If an operation is planned, then cocoa consumption should be stopped 15 days before the event.
Contraindicated product for tachycardia.
An allergic reaction may occur. However, such a nuisance is caused only by a low-quality product, which during the cultivation was subjected to chemical treatment. It is best to give preference to already proven suppliers.
The good quality of cocoa can check each, it is easy to do. A pinch of cocoa is pounded between the fingers. If the skin remains dense fat trail, it means the raw materials of good quality. A light powder mark on the fingers leaves a poor quality product, a fake.
Due to the high calorie content, it is not recommended for overweight people to eat chocolate tree grains.
For those who do not complain about health, there is an opportunity to enjoy all the pleasures of amazing fruits, because they will bring considerable benefits.
How can I use cocoa beans
Chopped cocoa beans can be used in completely different ways.
For example, those who wish can taste a couple of grains raw. You can use cocoa along with honey, pre-dipping them in a treat.
By the way, cocoa beans are an excellent invigorating agent. It is enough for a person to eat only a couple of grains, as he will already feel a surge of strength and energy.
In addition, peeled beans can be combined with chopped nuts and honey. Delicate taste of this delicacy is a real find.
Cocoa powder makes a delicious drink. Preparing it is not difficult: the beans are ground to a powder and poured boiling water. Those who wish can flavor it with milk, it will turn out very tasty.
Thanks to chocolate wrapping, the skin will get a toned, healthy look, noticeably rejuvenated. This procedure has anti-cellulite effect. It is recommended to spend it before the beach season, as it will be possible not only to tighten the body, but also to guard against harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Massage with the use of chocolate butter is also useful, as it helps to eliminate cosmetic defects (scars, scars).
Amazing chocolate tree grains are not only valuable food product, but also an indispensable component for the preparation of many drugs in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. However, this delicacy can benefit the person only if it is used in moderation.
Cocoa Beans: Benefit and Harm
The benefits of cocoa beans are known from time immemorial, even the Mayans and Aztecs were preparing their invigorating drink Xocoatl, which included cocoa and chili. Nowadays, cocoa beans have learned to cook a variety of delicious desserts, and few people think about the dangers and benefits of cocoa beans, eating a chocolate bar.
The content of the article
- What are the benefits of cocoa beans
- What is harmful cocoa beans
- potassium, good for the heart,
- iron and zinc, - magnesium, useful for stress, necessary for bones and muscles, - polyunsaturated fatty acids, are involved in building cell membranes, as well as regulate blood cholesterol levels, - plant flavonoids - improve cerebral circulation, regulate blood pressure, promote the regeneration of body tissues, - melanin, a natural pigment that protects the skin from harmful ultraviolet and infrared radiation, - theobromine, reduces the risk of spasm of blood vessels, With all of the above beneficial properties eats and negative factors. Theobromine and caffeine can lead to over-stimulation of the nervous system, so cocoa and chocolate are not recommended for children under three years of age. Cocoa beans contain a large amount of purines, the excess of which in the body leads to the deposition of salts in the joints, the accumulation of uric acid and diseases of the urogenital system. It is not recommended to use cocoa and chocolate for disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as for people with diabetes, atherosclerosis and sclerosis Cocoa is a high-calorie product, so you should not abuse it in obesity.
Caution should be used these products to people prone to allergies. Skeptics say that cocoa beans during cultivation, transportation and processing are contaminated with mycotoxins and pesticides, and in factories are ground together with cockroaches from which it is impossible to protect the product. And allergy to chocolate - it is directly allergic to chitinous compounds contained in the shell of cockroaches.
Cocoa Beans: Benefit and Harm
Cocoa - food of the gods benefits and harm to health
Cocoa or chocolate tree Theobroma cacao is a species of tropical trees from the Theobroma genus Theobroma of the Malvaceae family Malvaceae, earlier the genus was referred to the Sterculiev family. This is a large evergreen tree, the birthplace of cocoa - the coast of Mexico, the tropics of Central and South America.
Cocoa is grown for the sake of cocoa beans, which are used in the confectionery industry, as the main ingredient of chocolate, in the manufacture of cocoa powder, in medicine, and cosmetology.
The tree reaches a height of 12 meters, but in culture it is cut to 4.5 - 7.5 meters. The leaves of the tree are thin, glossy, elliptical, up to 30 cm long.
Cocoa flowers photos:
Small pink-white waxy flowers grow in bunches right on the surface of the trunk, large branches of a tree. After 4 months, a woody fruit ripens, shaped like an elongated melon 20-40 cm long.
Fruits are valued as a source of cocoa beans, the fruit contains from 20 to 60 large almond-shaped seeds - cocoa beans of light, usually pale lilac color, arranged in five rows, which are immersed in a sticky liquid, frozen in air in whitish pulp. Cocoa beans have a bitter astringent taste due to the presence of a large amount of tannins and the alkaloid - theobromine.
What is cocoa useful for?
Cocoa Bean Photo:
Cocoa beans chemical composition: fats - 54%, proteins - 11.5%, cellulose - 9%, starch, polysaccharides - 7.5%, tanning (tannin), dyes - 6%, water - about 5%, mineral substances and salts, organic acids, flavoring substances, caffeine, a total of about 300 different substances that determine the properties, aroma of cocoa, composed of a large amount of antioxidants. Calories of beans - 565 kcal per 100 grams.
Freshly harvested cocoa beans are free from pulp and fermented for 2-7 days in special boxes, after which, as a result of complex biochemical processes, they acquire a pleasant taste and aroma, the color becomes chocolate brown in different shades. After that, they are dried on a plantation in the sun or heated air.
Cocoa beans are good. Cocoa beans contain a large amount of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, many vitamins, trace elements, antioxidants from the group of flavonoids.
Cocoa beans are valuable food raw materials for the production of chocolate and cocoa drink. From the grated seeds - cocoa beans by pressing under high pressure get butter. The cake remaining after pressing is crushed, finely ground to obtain cocoa powder, which is used to prepare the beverage.
In cocoa a lot of potassium, useful for the heart, the alkaloid theobromine has a tonic and stimulating effect. A large amount of flavonoids makes cocoa, as well as chocolate obtained from cocoa powder and cocoa butter, one of the necessary components of a healthy diet that can reduce the risk of many diseases.
The scientific name of the genus Theobroma, given by Carl Linnaeus, is derived from the Greek words theos - god and broma - food, translated as food of the gods. The Aztecs - Indians of Central Mexico made from cocoa beans a special drink with tonic properties, which they called chocolate - chocolatl, from this name the words originated: Spanish, English - chocolate, French - chocolat, Russian - chocolate.
The seeds and the Aztec tree itself were called cacauatl, cocoa, the Spanish and French words cacao, English cocoa, and Russian cocoa were derived from it. The word cocoa refers to the tree itself, as well as the seeds of the cocoa tree, cocoa powder and the drink it produces.
Until the 19th century, cocoa beans were highly valued, the small loose coins were replaced by the Central American Indians in monetary calculations, and they were also used to make a tart spicy drink made from a mixture of water, cocoa, maize, vanilla, and hot pepper with added salt. opportunity only rich to know.
After sugar was added to the drink, the fashion for chocolate spread like a hot tonic in the capitals of Europe. No coffee was known then, and tea from China was an expensive rarity. At the court of King Louis XIV, liquid chocolate was considered a love potion.
In the 19th century, butter and powder began to be made from cocoa beans, from which they began to make chocolate and drink from cocoa powder, which became less expensive and more affordable. Drink in our usual form - hot, sweet with added sugar began to be consumed in the 16th century in Spain, which retained a monopoly on cocoa production, and already in the middle of the 17th century it was served in coffee shops in London.
Benefits and health hazards of cocoa powder
Cocoa contains a large amount of antioxidants - more than red wine, green tea. Cocoa is a tonic and drink; it contains as much caffeine as coffee and tea.
100 g of powder contains:
- proteins - 25.6 g
- fat - 15.0 g
- carbohydrates - 29.6 g
The calorie content of cocoa powder is 364 kcal per 100 grams. From the powder you can make a delicious drink.
How to cook cocoa from powder on milk. To do this, take at the rate of 1 cup:
- 1 - 2 teaspoons cocoa powder
- 250 - 300 ml of milk, or part of water and milk to taste
- 2 - 3 tsp. Sahara
Powder mix well with sugar, add a little hot boiling water or milk, stir. Add hot milk to 250 - 300 g, bring to a boil, cover with a lid, remove from heat. Let stand, in 2 -3 minutes pour into cups.
The drink is aromatic, pleasant, tasty hot, you can also use cold, you can add ice cream to the drink. Cocoa energizes and activates the brain. Older people are recommended to use it for the prevention of memory problems, attention. It is recommended to drink no more than 1 - 2 cups of cocoa per day, it is useful to drink it in the morning for vigor, energy, and mood improvement for the whole day.
In the old days, cocoa was used to treat the upper respiratory tract, diseases of the throat, and larynx, since, due to the presence of theobromine, it has an antitussive, expectorant effect, dilutes and removes sputum.
Where grow cocoa beans. Now the countries of equatorial Africa produce the most cocoa, about 70% of the cocoa crop is harvested here, the largest producer of Cote d'Ivoire - about 30% of the world's crop. Other major manufacturers: Indonesia, Ghana, Nigeria, Brazil and others.
Cocoa, chocolate tree is grown in all equatorial countries located between 20 ° north and south latitude, where the climate is warm enough and humid. The tree grows on fertile, well-drained soil at an altitude of 750 m above sea level with heavy rains. Plants need shading, protection from the wind, they can not stand direct sunlight. Therefore, they are planted on plantations of mixed plantations with coconut palms, bananas, mango, rubber trees.
The plant fully ripens by the eighth year of life, the largest yield of the tree gives in 10 - 12 years, bears fruit for 30 - 80 years. Under favorable conditions, the cocoa tree blossoms, bears fruit all year round, the crop is harvested 2 times a year: the first - at the end of the rainy season before the drought, the second time - before the start of the rainy season, the first crop is considered to be of better quality.
Cocoa production is a labor-intensive process, fruit growing is very hard work. Only a few dozen fruits are produced annually from each tree. To obtain 1 kg of grated cocoa powder, about 40 fruits are needed - 1200 cocoa beans.
Cocoa powder, cocoa butter, sugar, vanilla make a wonderful sweet product - chocolate. В шоколаде много калия, фосфора, железа, магния, цинка, он богат витаминами Е, В1, В2, флавоноидами.Caffeine, theobromine, tryptophan contained in chocolate, contribute to the production of serotonin - the hormone of joy, therefore, according to scientists, chocolate increases efficiency, improves mood, activates mental activity, relieves depression, which makes it very healthy.
But since it contains a lot of fat, carbohydrates, its use should be reasonably limited, it can not be eaten in large quantities. You can consume no more than 30 - 50 g of chocolate per day. The greatest health benefits are in bitter dark chocolate, which contains at least 70% cocoa powder and oil. White chocolate contains cocoa butter, milk, no cocoa powder in it.
Cocoa powder drink is recommended in the diet. Chocolate and drink are recommended to include in the diet of patients with exhaustion, after suffering long-term infectious and other diseases, with tuberculosis, oncological diseases.
- Individual intolerance: the composition of cocoa contains caffeine, allergic reactions to cocoa products are possible.
- Cocoa, chocolate is not recommended for children up to three years, so as not to cause allergies.
- Drink with caution during pregnancy and lactation, so as not to cause an allergic reaction of the fetus and the baby during breastfeeding.
- With increased excitability of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, cocoa should be drunk in a small amount, since it acts stimulantly. Do not drink it at night, it can lead to insomnia, sleep disturbance.
The use of chocolate must be limited, and sometimes completely eliminated, in diabetes, obesity, diseases of the pancreas, gall bladder, gout, and renal stone disease with stones of urinary and oxalic acid.
Cocoa beans contain about 50% cocoa butter - a pale yellow fatty oil with a faint aroma. At room temperature, it is solid, at a temperature of 30 - 34 ° C, the oil melts and melts.
Cocoa butter is used in nutritious, rejuvenating creams and masks for the skin of the face in cosmetology. Cocoa powder is part of a variety of shampoos, hair masks.
Cocoa properties are used in SPA salons for making chocolate baths, wraps, massages. This procedure relieves stress, improves mood, rejuvenates, cleanses the skin, relieves pigment spots, blackheads, energizes, makes the skin silky.
Cocoa powder, chocolate in the kitchen of Italy, Spain is used as a seasoning for some meat and fish dishes, combining them with onions, garlic and tomatoes.
From roasted cocoa beans in Western European countries, as a food product, cocoa nayles, which are used for snacking, like ordinary nuts, are also added to some chocolate brands.
Watch a video about the medicinal properties of cocoa, treatment recipes:
Cocoa and chocolate are widely used in the confectionery and dairy industries for making cakes, cookies, chocolate, all kinds of sweets, curd desserts, and cocktails. Housewives add it when baking to the dough for biscuits, pies, cookies, in the preparation of creams, chocolate coating - baking becomes tastier, more appetizing when adding flavored powder or chocolate.
After drinking a cup of good tasty drink, you can feel a surge of vitality and improvement in mood. Cocoa improves metabolism, restores strength, calms the heart. If used in moderation, it is very healthy.
Dear readers! In the Cocoa article, the benefits and harm to health of Cocoa Bean Powder photo I told about the benefits and harms to health of cocoa powder, how cocoa is useful, how to cook cocoa from powder on milk, where cocoa beans grow.
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Cocoa beans - the benefits, harm and contraindications
The evergreen cocoa tree reaches a height of 8 meters. On it grow large fruits in the shape of a rugby ball. The seeds of these fruits are called cocoa beans. You can grow chocolate trees in the tropics and subtropics. The largest cocoa bean production is mainly in Africa: Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria and others.
Olmecs, one of the first civilizations of South America (1500 BC to 400 BC), were the first to eat cocoa. Its use as a drink was continued by the Maya (250 AD - 900 AD - the classical period of development).
In the Aztec society, cocoa beans served as the monetary unit. So, for 500 seeds you could buy one slave.
Currently, various varieties of cocoa beans are mainly used for the production of chocolate products. One of the products of cocoa bean processing is cocoa mass - the raw material for the production of chocolate and cocoa butter.
They found application in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. So, many women use the oil that is extracted from the seeds of the chocolate tree to get rid of wrinkles and to prevent stretch marks during pregnancy.
Calorie content and composition of cocoa beans
The chemical composition of cocoa beans varies throughout their “life”, and depends on the processing that they undergo and on which region they plant the chocolate tree.
After fermentation and drying, the cocoa seeds contain:
- Water - 3.2%.
- Fat (cocoa butter) - 57%.
- Ash - 4.2%.
- Nitrogen - 2.5%.
- Theobromine - 1.3%.
- Caffeine - 0.7%.
- Starch - 9%.
- Crude fiber - 3.2%.
- Calorie cocoa beans - 565.3 kcal.
Studies show that cocoa beans are probably the best sources of antioxidants. They contain three times more antioxidants than green tea and two times more red wine. You most likely heard that blueberries are an excellent source of antioxidants, however, while blueberry contains 32 antioxidants in the “domesticated” one and 61 in wild blueberries, 621 antioxidants are contained in cocoa beans.
Antioxidants have several health benefits. They protect cells from damage and reduce the risk of several types of cancer. They also prevent the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), thereby preventing the development of atherosclerosis and the formation of plaque on the walls of arteries.
The beneficial properties of cocoa beans
Cocoa beans contain flavonoid components, in particular, epicatechin. It has been suggested that the effects of epicatechin are comparable to the effects of anesthesia and penicillin. This substance may reduce the risk of:
Due to the fact that epicatechin has a bitter taste, it is often removed from cocoa products, therefore, to take advantage of this compound, it is necessary to purchase whole raw cocoa beans.
Also, the use of cocoa seeds for the cardiovascular system is due to the fact that they contain polyphenols. Studies show that polyphenols help lower blood pressure.
Cocoa beans contain magnesium. This is another nutrient that helps strengthen our “heart motor” and reduces the likelihood of blood clots. In addition, magnesium deficiency exacerbates the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Many women have a craving for chocolate during “these days”. This may be an attempt by the body to obtain an adequate level of magnesium. Cocoa beans, ground in a coffee grinder and cooked in a Turk, can be a healthier way to satisfy the monthly cravings for chocolate.
Cocoa beans reduce anxiety while increasing concentration. A cup of cocoa can fill your body with energy just as efficiently as a cup of coffee. However, due to the smaller amount of cocoa stimulants, you will not experience anxiety, as happens after a cup of strong coffee.
It has long been noticed the benefits of cocoa beans for weight loss. The polyphenols contained in them, contribute to the improvement of insulin sensitivity. Scientists are currently studying the link between obesity and a condition known as insulin resistance syndrome. Adipose tissue has a high metabolic activity, so when the normal body weight is 35% (or more), insulin sensitivity of tissues is reduced by 40%.
Increased insulin sensitivity can support efforts to lose weight and maintain ideal weight. Moreover, the natural antidepressants found in cocoa beans make them a good choice for people who tend to “stick” depression. Of course, for the long-term effect of losing weight, it is not enough to drink cocoa alone. However, cocoa beans can be part of a balanced diet, if there are no contraindications to this (for example, food allergies).
Cocoa beans also contain a theobromine substance. It has activity similar to caffeine (that is, it increases vitality, motivation to work, and concentration).
All cocoa varieties contain tryptophan, an essential amino acid necessary for the production of the neurotransmitter serotonin. Increased serotonin levels in the body can suppress anxiety and improve mood.
The potential harm of cocoa beans
Drinking cocoa beans will not harm most people. However, consuming large amounts of cocoa beans can cause caffeine-related side effects, such as:
- increased urination,
- fast heartbeat.
Cocoa beans and foods containing them in moderation can be enjoyed during pregnancy and lactation. However, it is better to consult a leading pregnancy doctor.
In large quantities, cocoa beans are possibly unsafe due to the caffeine content. Although this fact is controversial, some evidence suggests that high doses of caffeine during pregnancy may be associated with premature birth, low birth weight and even miscarriage. Some experts advise that caffeine intake be limited to 200 mg per day while carrying a child. Keep in mind that chocolate products that contain cocoa beans contain 2-35 mg of caffeine per serving.
- Cocoa increases blood sugar levels, which can make it unsafe for diabetics and those preparing for surgery.
- Caffeine in cocoa beans in large doses can increase diarrhea. Also, it is not recommended for people with irritable bowel syndrome.
- Cocoa can cause migraines in sensitive people.
The use of cocoa beans in cooking
What can you do with cocoa beans? Their astringency, bitterness and harsh taste do not allow raw or roasted cocoa beans to be included in the dishes as a whole. But cocoa nibs, made from grains that have undergone minimal processing, is the best choice for your pantry.
Before you do something with roasted cocoa beans, you must let them dry completely. As is the case with other grains, roasting gives cocoa seeds a richer flavor and makes them more convenient for grinding. Cocoa beans can be roasted in an oven preheated to 170 degrees Celsius for 15 minutes.
You can make chocolate from roasted and crushed cocoa beans.
To do this, add sugar to taste to cocoa powder and 2-3 tablespoons of coconut oil and bring the mixture to a boil in a saucepan (with constant stirring). After boiling, the mass should boil for another couple of minutes. To give the creamy sauce a chocolate flavor and aroma, wrap the cocoa beans in cheesecloth and tie a string to it. Add grains to cream and keep on medium heat for 15 minutes.
Cocoa Bean Varieties
Their classification is numerous. But in reality, only the two most basic cocoa bean groups stand out. So it kriollo and forastero. The first option includes noble and varietal types of raw materials. As a rule, it is a crop that produces little yield. But despite this the quality of such cocoa beans is at a high level.
As for forastero, these are consumer or ordinary varieties. This crop is more productive. In this case, cocoa beans of medium quality are “produced”. True, despite this, there are some exceptions. For example, varieties that were bred in Ecuador are capable of producing high quality crops.
In addition to the two main cultures, there are also many hybrids. Without this, cocoa beans simply could not exist. Therefore, they can still be divided into four varieties. So this is Criollo, Trinitario, Nacional and Forrastero.
If you look at the origin, the cocoa beans are American, African and Asian. By their name it becomes clear where this or that raw material comes from. Dried beans also have their own classification. So, they can be bitter, sour, tart and tender. In general, for each gourmet will find their own cocoa beans.
Cocoa Bean Benefits
It should immediately say that this raw material is real wealth. It contains a huge amount of elements necessary for the body. Some of them are epicatechin. Thanks to him, it is really possible to reduce the incidence of stroke, heart attack, diabetes and even cancer.
Another important element is kokohil. It promotes the growth of skin cells. In this way, wounds heal much faster, besides wrinkles are smoothed out, and the risk of stomach ulcers is also prevented. Organic cocoa in its primary raw form enriches the body with magnesium. There is a feeling of euphoria. Arginine, in turn, is among the natural aphrodisiacs. Tryptophan is a powerful antidepressant. Thanks to magnesium, the heart works much better. Blood pumps more efficiently, pressure decreases, strong bones are built. Sulfur improves skin, nails and hair. In general, cocoa beans accelerate and improve all processes.
In general, there is nothing wrong with cocoa. A person who constantly takes it risks becoming a happy person. The fact is that the amount of antioxidants in it is several times higher than in green tea, blueberries and blackberries. So cocoa beans are very healthy.
Cocoa Bean Harm
In fact, a lot of them. So, the harm may be due to the caffeine content. Cocoa doesn't have much of this component. But despite this, if children abuse cocoa, then nothing good will come of it.
The fact is that caffeine is a rather controversial product. One can talk endlessly about its harm and benefit. Thus, caffeine acts in a peculiar way on the heart, therefore people suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system should refrain from consuming cocoa beans.
No matter how strange it may sound, but the harm of cocoa beans may be due to sanitary conditions. So, in the raw materials live cockroaches. Naturally, in the products sold in stores this is not. But if you collect the fruits yourself, you can meet face to face with the inhabitants of cocoa.
Beans are dangerous because of their composition. So, they may contain chemicals. Because they are grown often with the use of large quantities of pesticides.
Finally, a person may simply be allergic to cocoa beans. The fact is that in the seeds themselves there are no substances that can cause an allergic reaction. Such a phenomenon can provoke previously "living" there cockroaches and other pests. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully use cocoa beans. It is more accurate to say for yourself, to cook various culinary delights from raw fruits.
Cocoa Bean Properties
It should be noted that the raw materials are simply overflowed with useful substances and vitamins. Moreover, their content is so great that it simply amazes researchers and scientists.
So how does cocoa work? It is able to balance the general condition, and bring a man to his senses. I mean, simply put, to lighten the mood and take off the blues. In addition, blood circulation and the state of certain areas of the brain are improved. It also improves the reaction and thought processes.
Cocoa beans enhance pleasure and relieve fatigue. They are able to relieve stress and remove depression. In addition, increased sexual sensation. Health and mood improve on their own. Despite such a huge amount of positive properties, cocoa beans do not cause drug addiction at all.
If you use them for 5-10 years, you can significantly reduce the risk of developing tumors. Finally, increase the level of estrogen in women. In general, cocoa beans are capable
The chemical composition of cocoa beans
The main components of beans are fats, alkaloids, carbohydrates, proteins, organic acids and minerals.
If we take the chemical composition as a basis, then the core, cocoa shells and germ are valuable. They contain a large amount of ash, fiber and other substances. In the core is cocoa butter, the total component of which is 55%. These are mainly stearic and palmetinic acids.
Tannins. They are able to impart a rather specific bitter taste to the beans, as well as their color. Dyes contained in cocoa beans are called anthocyanins.
Carbohydrates. This starch, in the amount of 5-9%, sucrose, glucose and fructose. Cocoa beans also contain organic acids, such as citric, malic, tartaric, and acetic.
Минеральные вещества. К их числу относят фосфор, магний и кальций. Кроме того, тут есть еще и зола. Ее содержание в какао бобах 2-4%, в какавелле 6-9%.
Ароматические вещества. В состав какао бобов их входит достаточное количество. Они играют огромную роль в создании того самого специфического аромата шоколада. As it was established earlier, the number of compounds does not exceed 300. The characteristic aroma is due to the reaction of sugar, amino acids and polyphenols.
Finally, cocoa beans also contain vitamins. These are mainly useful components of group B. In addition, these are biotin, nicotinic and pantothenic acids. They are contained in the cocoa shell, the core and the germ of cocoa beans.
How to use cocoa beans?
In its raw form, these fruits are very beneficial for the body. They tend to restore energy and hormonal balance. In addition, they are able to improve vision, improve performance, have a powerful anti-depressant effect, as well as raise the tone. All the beneficial substances that make up the seeds protect the human body. As a rule, cocoa is included in the diet of those people who for some reason are physically weakened. In addition, for colds, these fruits can have a positive effect. Peeled fruits are tender, crunchy and, most importantly, have great taste.
If you constantly use cocoa beans in time they will be able to normalize the menstrual cycle, eliminate apathy and even rejuvenate. Prolonged use promises high-quality therapeutic effect. If there are warts, papillomas and other skin problems, then cocoa beans are able to cope with this phenomenon. Raw fruit is a reliable protection against all kinds of tumors. In view of the fact that the raw material has a complex chemical composition, it helps to excite the nervous system, prevent the formation of blood clots and even improve heart function.
Antioxidants, which are in the composition of cocoa beans, increase the activity of radicals in the cells of the human body. They effectively protect against infections and viruses. As for polyphenols, they are able to break down fats and thereby prevent the development of atherosclerosis and other diseases associated with the cardiovascular system. Cocoa beans are very useful in every sense.
How to use cocoa beans?
So crushed beans can be used in different ways. So, the first thing you can do with raw materials is to eat a couple of raw ones. The second option is to use cocoa with honey. It is only necessary to dip the fruit in sweetness. It is worth noting that for the person who tastes such a delicacy for the first time, a whole dedication is performed. The beans are very encouraging. Therefore, it is worth to eat only a couple of grains, and the cheerfulness charge is provided for some time.
There is another option for eating beans. To do this, they need to be cleaned and mixed together with crushed nuts and honey. The taste in this case is delicate. In addition, nuts also have an active effect. In order to properly clean the nuts, you need to fill them with water for a couple of minutes, then remove the peel with a knife. But do not rush to throw it away. Because the ground peel is a good facial scrub.
And finally, cocoa can make a delicious drink. It is necessary only to grind cocoa into powder and pour boiling water. Milk can be added to taste. Get a delicious drink. In general, cocoa beans are used in different versions.
How to make cocoa beans from cocoa beans?
To prepare a delicious and healthy drink will have to get some ingredients. So, for the preparation of four servings, you need to take 200-300 grams of beans. A couple of them can be freely eaten during the cooking process. You will also need 200-300 grams of honey, 20-30 grams of cinnamon and a vanilla pod.
In addition, you will need to get a skillet, tolkushkoy and a couple of plates. At the first stage, cocoa beans should be prepared. They are thoroughly washed, then thoroughly ground into containers and filled with water. This action will quickly get rid of the skin. Now the beans are cleaned and various spices are prepared. So, honey and vanilla are suitable as “lotions”. All this is thoroughly mixed with beans. Now, the resulting components are ground to a chocolate mass. For this case, suitable grinder. After all this, the resulting mass is poured boiling water. It is possible to add some milk. Thus, delicious cocoa is prepared.
Cocoa Bean Recipes
There are a variety of recipes from cocoa beans, many of which are true works of art. Most people love delicious sweets. So, therefore, it is worth considering one simple recipe.
For cooking, you need to take 500 grams of cocoa beans, about 150 grams of cocoa butter, the same amount of honey, a couple of vanilla pods and a little cinnamon. For the filling fit poppy, sesame and orange peel. Now you can start cooking. The first step is to wash the cocoa beans and peel them. Then put a piece of butter in the pan and melt it. It is important that its temperature does not exceed 50 degrees. Then all this is intensively mixed, vanilla and cinnamon are added. Everything is thoroughly mixed and honey is added to taste. That is how delicious candies are made. You can try them immediately. If you want to make candy turned out hard, you should send them to the refrigerator for a while.
In principle, all this mass can be poured boiling water and get a delicious drink. In fact, recipes with cocoa beans a lot. It is important not to forget to eat a couple of raw grains daily. Then cocoa beans will have a positive effect on the body as a whole.
Cocoa Bean Chocolate
The most delicious chocolate from cocoa beans is very easy to prepare. The main components of this product are raw materials and cocoa butter. The fact is that you purchase these ingredients in a regular supermarket. Pleasure is not cheap.
After the ingredients are purchased, you must proceed to the cooking process. First of all, the beans should be peeled. Then grind everything in a coffee grinder and fry in a skillet. Thus, cocoa beans can open their unique flavor. Then they are mixed with cocoa butter. The best proportion is 50 to 50. This will soften the taste, because the cocoa beans themselves are bitter. To finish the job, you have to boil all the above ingredients in a water bath. For this perfect ordinary Turk. During the cooking process, you can add a little icing sugar, so you get caramel.
If you want to make milk chocolate, then milk powder is perfect. But in this case it is necessary to observe a certain proportion, namely 40 to 60. It should be noted that milk can volatilize the beneficial properties of chocolate. The resulting raw material is poured into silicone molds. Then for some time it must be left alone, so that the chocolate froze. After a time, treat can be consumed. Cocoa beans can be so delicious.
Bean cocoa butter
Cocoa butter has a lot of useful properties. To obtain this raw material, it is necessary to press cocoa beans. During this process, a pressed yellowish liquid is obtained. At the same time it has a sharp smell, and even taste. Therefore, they will need to soften. To do this, use steam treatment under vacuum.
During cooling, the cocoa butter takes on a crystalline form and becomes hard and cold. The action of this component in its raw form exceeds any known cosmetics. At the same time the skin is saturated with fatty acids, as well as flavanols. Cocoa butter in itself improves the functioning of the cells of the upper layers of the skin. Thus, wrinkles are removed.
When using cocoa butter for food, the condition of the vessels improves. In addition, their elasticity increases. It has a beneficial effect on the inner layers of the skin, as well as the subcutaneous tissue. With this ingredient you can cook goodies. Cocoa butter is stored at a temperature of from 0 to 25 degrees Celsius.
Cocoa butter is a full complex of vitamins, proteins, and also microelements. All of them together are sources of good health. They can increase the vitality of the body. In general, cocoa beans are a very high quality and healthy product.
Cocoa beans for weight loss
Are cocoa beans effective for weight loss and are they used at all in this “industry”? In its raw form, the fruit has very interesting properties. In addition, they are useful.
So, cocoa beans contain a lot of vitamins, microelements and other components. Due to which not only all functions of the body are improved, but also the metabolism is improved. What does this mean? The fact is that with the help of cocoa you can lose weight.
There is a special sort of cocoa called "live". It contributes to the rapid burning of fat. But you can not take it in large quantities. And in general, it is better to consult a doctor.
As for ordinary cocoa, it does not have magical properties that help to lose weight. But in this case there is one plus. Cocoa is practically non-caloric, which allows its use in different quantities. But this should not be abused.
In general, cocoa beans are ways to speed up the metabolism. Therefore, they can still help with weight loss.
Cocoa Bean Drink
Delicious and effective drink made from cocoa beans is very simple. For cooking, you need to take about 200 grams of the main ingredient. In addition, about 30 grams of cocoa butter. You also need cane sugar, cinnamon and vanilla to taste.
The method of preparation is as follows. Cocoa beans are washed and peeled. Then they need to grind. Next, the obtained raw material is put on a heated pan. Add butter, sugar and vanilla to taste. Do not forget about cocoa butter. The resulting mass is thoroughly whipped with a whisk or a mixer. Then add about 200 grams of water. The resulting raw materials should be left alone to cool it all to 30-40 degrees. After which the drink can be poured into cups and enjoy the unique taste.
To improve the taste, you can add a little ginger or a couple of cinnamon sticks. In this case, everything is purely individual. Cocoa beans allow you to make a wonderful drink that warms the body and soul.
Cocoa Bean Cost
What is the optimal cost of cocoa beans? Definitely answer this question is difficult. It all depends on the cocoa bean variety. Thus, the cost can vary from 100 rubles to 100 dollars per kilogram.
Much depends on both the variety and the beneficial qualities of the product itself. There are special cocoa beans that stimulate the metabolism. So, they are aimed at accelerating the process of losing weight. Called green or live beans. To take them in food every day is impossible. Though they are useful, they cannot be consumed constantly.
In general, it is quite possible to find cheaper options. If you are not able to find a certain amount for a purchase, then an ordinary cocoa powder will help. Thanks to him, you can also prepare chocolate, drinks and other delicious dishes. It is important to simply understand how to handle it.
It is not necessary to chase the exquisite varieties. The main thing is to be able to cook and create masterpieces. Cocoa beans are a versatile product, they are suitable for both health promotion and body tone.
Useful properties of cocoa beans
Cocoa beans are the seeds of the fruit of the cocoa tree. Chocolate is made of them. Due to the content of tannins seeds have astringent, astringent and bitter taste. They contain carbohydrates, proteins, fats, aromatic and coloring matter, organic acids. Minerals, alkaloids (caffeine and theobromine) are useful for consumption. The chemical composition of cocoa beans is very extensive, it contains anandamide, arginine, dopamine, epicatecin, histamine, magnesium, serotonin.
Tryptophan, phenylethylamine, polyphenol and tyramine have a very important effect on the human body.
Cocoa Bean Application
Raw unique fruits are incredibly useful for the human body. They restore energy and hormonal balance, help to improve vision, increase efficiency, raise the tone, have an antidepressant effect. Useful substances of cocoa seeds increase the protective properties of the body, cocoa is introduced into the diet of physically weakened people who have had acute respiratory infections and respiratory diseases. Peeled cocoa beans can be chewed, they are crunchy, delicate, have great taste.
Cocoa use eliminates apathy, normalizes the menstrual cycle, rejuvenates. With long-term, but moderate use as a therapeutic agent, noticeable changes will occur with the skin, warts, papillomas will disappear, the skin will be cleansed and will become young and tender. Raw cocoa fruit is a reliable protection against the development of cancerous tumors. The complex chemical composition of the fruit excites the nervous system, activates the function of the heart and prevents the formation of blood clots.
Antioxidants are able to reduce the activity of free radicals in the cells of the human body, which is effective for protection against viruses and infections. Polyphenols (antioxidants) break down fats and are reliable prophylaxis for the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. It is polyphenols that give the beans a tart-astringent and specific bitter taste.
Cocoa Bean Oil
Cocoa butter is a fat derived from the seeds of the chocolate tree fruit, which has a pleasant cocoa smell and a whitish yellow color. At 16–18 degrees, the oil has a solid texture, pieces break off easily. In a heated form, the oil is transparent, its chemical composition includes oleic, stearic, lauric, palmitic, linoleic and arachnic acids, as well as triacid triglycerides. Oleic acid reduces blood cholesterol.
The substances methylxanthine and tannin have a healing and tonic effect, help with burns and various skin diseases, stimulate the immune system. Cocoa butter rejuvenates the skin, giving it freshness and beauty. It is successfully used in the treatment of eczema, bronchus, eliminates cough.
The recipe cough drops: in a glass of hot milk, you need to melt 0.5 teaspoons of cocoa butter. The drink should be cooled a little and give to the patient.
Cocoa butter for hemorrhoids: during an exacerbation of the disease, it is recommended that a piece of cocoa butter (approximately 1 tsp) be introduced into the rectum before each bowel movement.
Cocoa butter for thrush: to heated cocoa butter you need to add 2% tea tree oil, roll in the form of balls, let it harden. It is recommended to enter into the vagina 1 time per day.
Cocoa butter for cervical erosion: Cocoa butter should be mixed with sea buckthorn oil (3: 1) moistened with a mixture of tampon and used overnight for 14 days.
Cocoa butter for atherosclerosis: it is recommended to take 0.5 teaspoonful of cocoa butter melted in a water bath twice a day, morning and evening, 15 minutes before meals. The tool eliminates cholesterol, reduces the number of cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels, helps with skin itching, relieves from burns, is effective for eczema and fungal infections. It is also recommended for nipple healing in nursing mothers.
Cocoa Bean Extract
Cocoa bean extract is a brown fine powder, it is used to reduce blood pressure, nervous tension. It is mainly used to treat nephropathy, as a diuretic, relieves swelling. Rheumatism, fever, cough, non-healing wounds - indications for use of cocoa extract.
Cocoa bean extract is produced in pharmaceutical plants.
Cocoa beans for weight loss
Cocoa beans are very useful in the fight against obesity. They are able to accelerate metabolic processes, and this happens at the extracellular and intracellular levels. Improving the function of the endocrine system, normalizing fat balance, they reduce appetite, which leads to weight loss. A few cocoa beans eaten on an empty stomach give a feeling of satiety, such a breakfast can be called full-fledged, since the body receives the necessary substances for health. 4-5 pieces of beans give strength, replenish energy reserves.
Magnesium affects ATP production, caffeine speeds up metabolism, and serotonin and endorphins are produced - substances that are so necessary to maintain good physical shape.
Cocoa Bean Tree
There are three types of cocoa beans: Trinitario, Criollo and Forastero. Criollo seeds are slightly colored, with a nutty smell. The fruits of the tree Forastero seeds are dark brown, with a pungent smell, bitter and contain more fat. Plants of the Forastero species withstand tough climatic conditions. Each species has its own individual chemical characteristics. Varieties are named after the countries where they are grown.
Cocoa beans are also distinguished by their quality characteristics. Consumer varieties have a tart, sour and bitter taste. Noble varieties have a pleasant, pronounced taste.
How to grow cocoa beans
Cocoa beans grow in subequatorial regions of South America and are successfully cultivated in many countries. Cocoa trees prefer slightly darkened places, so coconut palms, banana, rubber and mango trees and avocados are planted next to them on the plantations, which quite reliably protects cocoa from the wind. Высота какао-дерева может достигать 15 метров высоты, но для удобства сбора урожая их выращивают до 6 метров.
Вечнозеленое дерево цветет и плодоносит круглый год. Желто-зеленые или красные (зависит от сорта) плоды достигают 30 см в длину, их вес составляет около 500 граммов. В мякоти плода содержится примерно 50 бобов какао. Дерево начинает давать высокий урожай в возрасте 12 лет. Cultivated in Central America and Africa, Indonesia, Colombia, Malaysia and other regions.
Contraindications to the use of cocoa beans
Cocoa beans must be used with caution in diabetes, individual intolerance. They may cause allergic reactions. Cocoa products should not be given to children under three years old. Cocoa is contraindicated in diseases of the kidneys, causes irritation of the gastric mucosa and stimulates the production of gastric juice, so it can not be used for people with serious gastrointestinal diseases, especially in the acute stage.
Expert Editor: Kuzmina Vera V. | Dietician, endocrinologist
Education: Diploma RSMU them. N. I. Pirogov, specialty "General Medicine" (2004). Residency at the Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, diploma in "Endocrinology" (2006).
Preparation and storage of cocoa beans
The seeds are dried, processed, their taste changes, and the raw material receives a specific pleasant aroma. Cocoa powder is obtained already from the defatted and crushed beans. It is stored in a sealed package in a dry and cool place. Humidity should not be higher than 70%. The shelf life can be, under proper conditions, rather long, without loss of quality.
Application in everyday life
Cocoa beans are used mainly as food. They are used in fried and raw. Fruits can be consumed with honey and fruit. Delicious pastries, sweets and such a popular drink as cocoa are made from powder. Also, the product is used for making ice cream, cocktails. It can be used in combination with nuts, dried fruit, herbal tea, raisins.
The composition and therapeutic properties of cocoa beans
- In their raw form, they contain the highest amount of antioxidants (over 320 types). They are good protection against bacteria, germs and viruses, against aging, cardiovascular diseases, cancer. The main antioxidant of cocoa beans - polyphenol is much stronger than vitamins C and E, which are common antioxidants.
- It is a good antidepressant. The product causes natural sleep, eliminates anxiety, improves mood, reduces anxiety.
- Cocoa beans contain a lot of nutrients that are involved in the body's metabolic processes, regulate water-salt, acid-base reactions, blood clotting. They are involved in the work of muscles, in strengthening the skeletal system (thanks to phosphorus and calcium).
Cocoa beans to reduce appetite
Traditional medicine recommends drinking cocoa no more than fifty grams per day, for example, in the following ways:
- just chew raw beans: this tool will not only reduce appetite, but also give pleasure
- ground cocoa beans are poured with warm water, where honey or sugar is added,
- perfectly satisfy the appetite and taste of peeled banana, immersed in ground cocoa powder,
Chocolate appeared at the Aztecs who lived in the territory where Mexico is currently located. Growing cocoa trees, the Aztecs made powder from their fruits. The drink, which was prepared from this powder, gave strength, energy and vigor. He enjoyed particular popularity among men.
Spanish conquerors appreciated the delicious drink and brought the cocoa fruit home to Europe, having taught compatriots to make chocolate. It was a drink, very reminiscent of modern chocolate, in which sugar and vanilla are generously added. Chocolate in a short time spread throughout Europe, and the Europeans were able to learn how to make chocolate. In France, Switzerland, and England, this was particularly successful. And nowadays we know the high quality of their drinks. But Russia did not lag behind European countries: at the beginning of the last century, Russian chocolate was very highly valued on the world market.
The benefits of the drink
Cocoa beans grow on a chocolate tree that reaches 10 meters in height. 30-40 beans hiding in the pulp of its fruit. They contain almost 300 substances that have different effects on the human body. The variety of components can bring health not only benefit, but also harm. What is cocoa good for? It includes many useful microelements. These are vegetable protein, carbohydrates, organic acids, dietary fiber, fats, sugar, saturated fatty acids, starch. This drink is rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as folic acid.
Cocoa will help restore lost strength to people who have had a cold. Also, scientists have concluded that this drink contributes to longevity, because the beneficial properties of cocoa beans - antioxidants - help delay the aging of the body.
Therefore, fashionable energy drinks, unsafe for human health, it is wiser to replace the most delicious cocoa. And how is cocoa useful? It will also give energy and will nourish the cells of the body without harming the body.
For the cardiovascular system
Chocolate, which contains more than 70% cocoa, has such beneficial properties as bioactive ingredients. They can block the process of gluing platelets. What is useful cocoa, so it is antioxidant properties, many times greater than the properties of orange juice, apples, black and even green tea. Flavanols have a good effect on metabolic phenomena in the body and prevent damage to blood vessels. Regular consumption of this drink contributes to more productive brain work. What is useful cocoa powder? Antioxidant flavanol, which is in cocoa beans, will help improve cerebral circulation and normalize blood pressure. Therefore, this drink, like chocolate, is useful for those who have weak blood flow in the vessels of the brain.
Patients suffering from heart failure can help this drink, because it contains a lot of potassium.
If you use a high-quality, non-heat-treated product, you can speed up the process of muscle recovery after heavy loads.
For the general condition of the body
The drink contains endorphins - substances that stimulate the production of joy hormones. Therefore, after a person drinks it, his mood improves and the person feels fresh and energetic.
Another useful property of cocoa is an epicatechin substance that helps reduce the risk of the emergence and development of diseases such as diabetes, stroke, stomach ulcers, cancer, and heart attack. Also, scientists have found that the wounds heal from this drink faster, and the skin rejuvenates. And all this thanks to procyanidin - a substance responsible for the health and elasticity of the skin. The natural pigment melanin is more than useful cocoa. It protects the skin from harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Polyphenols, which are contained in cocoa beans, do not allow free radicals to accumulate in the body, thereby preventing the onset of oncological diseases.
Can I drink this drink pregnant
But there are not only the beneficial properties of cocoa. And contraindication is pregnancy. Despite the fact that the drink contains many useful properties, during pregnancy it is most reasonable to limit its use or refuse at all. This is because this drink prevents the absorption of calcium. But calcium is a vital element that ensures the normal development of the baby. Lack of calcium can harm the health of the child and the mother. In addition, the drink can cause allergies.
The composition of the drink includes a small amount of caffeine (approximately 0.2%). But this must be taken into account, especially when used by children. There is a lot of conflicting information about caffeine. Since its benefits have not been proven, it is necessary to give caution to cocoa children, as well as to those who have contraindications to caffeine.
On the processing of cocoa beans
The countries in which they grow cocoa beans are known for poor sanitary conditions. Of course, this can not affect the products that contain cocoa. And in the beans live cockroaches. Get rid of them is almost impossible. In tropical countries, large plantations are treated with pesticides and fertilizers in large quantities. Cocoa is the most pesticide-intensive crop in the world. Beans are subjected to industrial production to remove pests by strong radiological treatment. And this raw material is used to produce 99% of world chocolate!
Do not underestimate the harmful effects of chemicals and radiation on human health. Of course, all manufacturers claim: their product is thoroughly cleaned and processed. But in practice it is almost impossible to determine chocolate and powder, which are prepared in compliance with accepted standards.
Cocoa beans: description, composition and calorie content
The cocoa tree belongs to the evergreen species of the Teombroma family of the Malvova family, whose life span is more than a hundred years.
- It is quite powerful and can reach a height of up to 15 m.
- The crown of the tree is very sprawling, with a large number of large-sized foliage.
- Cocoa flowers are located on the bark of strong branches and the trunk. They are small in size with an unpleasant odor that attracts dung flies and butterflies. After pollination by these insects, cocoa fruit is formed.
- Fruits of red, yellow or orange color in form and shape resemble a lemon, but much larger in size and with deep grooves on the surface. The interior of the fruit consists of pulp, in the branches of which there are seeds - cocoa beans, up to 12 pieces. in each.
Cocoa beans began to be used due to the taste and aroma. They gained wider popularity after studying their chemical composition. The amount of vitamins, micro-and macronutrients in beans totals up to 300 items, which gives them a large list of useful properties.
The composition of the seeds of the chocolate tree includes:
- vitamins - PP, B1, B2, provitamin A,
- alkaloids - theobromine and caffeine,
- micro and macronutrients - magnesium, potassium, chlorine, phosphorus, calcium, sodium, sulfur, and even iron, zinc, cobalt, copper, molybdenum and manganese,
- antioxidants, organic acids, carbohydrates and proteins, tannins, aromatic and coloring agents, oils.
High caloric content (565 kcal) is due to the presence of fat in the composition of cocoa beans, which is 50%.
Despite this, nutritionists include cocoa beans in the diet of people suffering from obesity. This is due to the presence in the composition of the grains of certain substances that contribute to the breakdown of fat, improve metabolism and digestion.
Where do Cocoa Beans Grow
To grow a chocolate tree, a climate with a temperature not lower than 20 degrees and high humidity is necessary. Therefore, the tropical humid conditions of South America, Africa and Indonesia are most suitable. The main producers and suppliers of cocoa beans are Nigeria, Colombia, Indonesia, Brazil, Ghana. There are also cocoa plantations in the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Bali, and wherever climatic conditions permit.
Spheres of application
Cocoa beans and products from them are very popular in the food industry. They are used in the manufacture of chocolate, beverages and confectionery.
Cocoa butter, thanks to its beneficial properties, began to be used in the manufacture of cosmetic products and in pharmacology. In the alcohol industry have found the use of the fruit pulp of the chocolate tree.
The popularity of this useful and tasty product is gaining momentum and expanding its scope.
In medicine, the remedy is used:
- to maintain normal blood cholesterol levels,
- for healing wounds and burns
- in the treatment of cough, bronchitis, tuberculosis,
- in the treatment of acute respiratory disease.
Cocoa butter makes the walls of blood vessels and other tissues more elastic and strengthens them, which helps in the treatment of varicose veins, atherosclerosis, stomach ulcers and cancers, as well as reduces the likelihood of heart attack.
The researchers confirmed that regular use of the oil for 5 to 10 years reduces the risk of cancer cells in the body.
Like any other natural and natural product, cocoa butter should be used in moderate doses and monitor the body's response to it, because the harm from excessive use of such a means is essential.
Cocoa beans can be used in different ways:
- raw, dipped in honey or jam, because in the pure product the rich taste of bitterns prevails,
- peeled seeds are mixed with crushed nuts and honey (jam),
- dried beans are ground into powder, poured boiling water and consumed as a hot beverage.
How to use and how much depends on the state of health after a single dose. But even if the body does not give a negative reaction, do not overdo it and use more than 50 grams of beans per day.
By the way, the peel remaining after cleaning the grains is crushed and used as a face and body scrub.
Cocoa Bean Recipes
Many dishes with cocoa beans have a distinct taste and aroma, and most importantly - they are very useful.
- Homemade chocolate. Grind 150 g of cocoa beans, add 100 g of cocoa butter and 250 g of sugar. Mix everything and bring to a boil over low heat, stirring constantly. Pour into molds, allow to cool and refrigerate for an hour.
- Chocolate cocktail. Milk, one banana and 1 - 2 tablespoons of cocoa beans, ground into powder, mix in a blender until smooth.
- Chocolate candies. Chopped nuts and dried fruits placed in molds. In homemade chocolate, prepared according to the first recipe, add vanilla, cinnamon and honey. Melt the resulting composition and pour them prepared molds. Allow to cool.
Important! Cocoa grains are added to yoghurt, desserts, ice cream and muesli, as well as used as a flavoring or to decorate various dishes.
Despite the beneficial properties of cocoa beans, they are absolutely contraindicated in the case of:
- diabetes mellitus because it provokes an increase in blood sugar levels
- bowel disorders, because the acceleration of metabolic processes leads to laxative effect,
- planning surgery due to the likelihood of heavy bleeding at the time of surgery caused by improved blood circulation and blood formation,
- susceptibility to allergies and intolerance to the product,
- frequent migraines, because the beans can cause vasospasm,
- pregnancy, because the substances contained in the grains, cause muscle tone, which can cause miscarriage.
Everyone, without exception, it is important to monitor the amount of cocoa beans eaten, because their excessive use can be deplorable even for an absolutely healthy person.
Do not forget that cocoa beans and their products should be purchased from reliable suppliers who can guarantee their quality and naturalness. Following all the recommendations, you can safely use the delicious and healthy chocolate tree seeds to improve the health, beauty and taste of homemade dishes.
Who should not eat
This drink is not worth drinking for children under three years old, as well as for people suffering from such diseases:
People suffering from excess weight, cocoa is better not to drink because of its high calorie content. Those who are under stress or suffering from diseases of the nervous system are not recommended to use cocoa either.
Cocoa has 3 main varieties:
- product of industrial production. Such cocoa is grown using a variety of fertilizers,
- industrial organic product. It is grown without using fertilizers, so this type of cocoa is the most valuable,
- live product with high quality and price. It is harvested from the wild trees with his hands. His qualities are unique.
How to choose a quality product
The usual consumer is not easy to understand the quality of the drink. But it is possible to determine the general attributes of a quality product. The most valuable natural product contains at least 15% fat. Natural powder light brown or brown color without impurities. If you rub the powder between your fingers, then a good quality product will not leave lumps and will not crumble. In the process of brewing, you can check the sediment: useful and high-quality cocoa will almost never leave it.
Buying cocoa, you need to pay attention to the country of origin. There should grow a chocolate tree.
How to cook
To make the drink tasty and reveal all the beneficial properties of cocoa butter, it is necessary to add a teaspoon of sugar to three tablespoons of cocoa powder. A liter of milk should be boiled, and then pour cocoa and sugar. And cook for at least three minutes on low heat. And what could be tastier and healthier than cocoa with milk?
But you can make a drink differently. First boil the water. Then pour sugar and cocoa into it and whisk with a whisk to make an airy foam. At the end add hot milk with a fat content of 3.5%. You can add a pinch of vanilla and salt.
This drink is very healthy and tasty. But the abuse of it, like any other product, can cause harm to the body. If you do not lose the sense of proportion, it will bring only pleasure and benefit.