FACT: Indeed, thermally raw vegetables contain a large amount of fiber, useful for digestion. Yes, and for weight loss, too, because fiber has the ability to grow in size, absorbing water, and mechanically filling the stomach. But too much of its content in the diet can lead to unpleasant consequences: nausea, bloating, gas formation, heartburn. Therefore, in order not to experience constant discomfort, you should not get involved in raw food eating vegetables.
MYTH: Fruits are useful in any case and in any quantity.
FACT: The benefits of fruit can not be denied - it is a source of vital vitamins and minerals. But fruit alone cannot be a complete meal for a person. In addition to vitamins, fruits contain a lot of fructose and glucose, which, entering the body in excess, can lead to disruption of insulin metabolism. A large number of fruit acids have a negative effect on tooth enamel and gastrointestinal organs, and therefore many fruits are not recommended for people suffering from gastritis, gastric ulcer, etc.
MYTH: The more varied the fruits and berries that you eat, the better.
FACT: Another 5-10 years ago mango, passion fruit, lychee, guala, etc. were considered a real exotic. Now you can safely buy these fruits in the supermarket. Of course, these are useful, but it is worth remembering that the more exotic a fruit is, the less enzymes in our body are able to digest it. In addition, often with a large number of exotic may be allergic. Therefore, experimenting with unusual fruits is not worth it. Of course, they can and should be included in the diet, but priority should be given to “native” apples, pears, raspberries, currants, etc.
MYTH: In order to “stock up” with vitamins for the winter, in winter you need to eat as much fruit, berries and vegetables as possible.
FACT: Unfortunately, the human body is able to “save for the future” only fat-soluble vitamins: A, E, D, and K. The rest, water-soluble, are eliminated from the body rather quickly. Therefore, it is better to make good stocks for the winter in the freezer. Frozen berries and fruits will also contain vitamins, and it will be good to eat them in the fall and winter.
MYTH: Molasses is very high in calories and useless for the body.
FACT: Molasses - such a sweet, sticky, viscous, honey-like in appearance - is really not a diet product at all. It contains fructose, maltose, and therefore calorie. But at the same time, it is nutritious and healthy: after all, it contains, among other things, vitamin D and many trace elements: calcium, potassium, manganese, copper, and iron. Due to its chemical properties (increases shelf life and lowers the freezing point of the product, gives viscosity, improves taste) molasses - an important component in the preparation of a wide variety of products, ranging from bread to sports nutrition. And just one spoon of molasses, added to natural yoghurt, will make it a very useful and tasty dessert and give a charge of vigor and energy.
MYTH: Yogurt is the best diet product.
FACT: Indeed, natural, “lively” yogurt without dyes, flavors, flavor enhancers is a useful product for the body. Such yogurts are recommended to be made independently, and the shelf life is rather small. But standing in months in the fridge multi-colored jars often contain a high percentage of fat, and a variety of sweeteners, pieces of sweet fruit, chocolate muesli, etc. Therefore, it will be wrong to call them “dietary”.
MYTH: Fat-free foods do not contain calories.
FACT: Buying low-fat cottage cheese and milk, do not hope that the calories in these products, too, will not and can be eaten in unlimited quantities. This is a very dangerous fallacy. First, a small percentage of fat even in products with “zero” fat content still remains in any case. Secondly, to improve the taste of such products, manufacturers can add many chemical additives to them, which is not so good for health. And finally, the caloric content of such products is not greatly reduced compared to their “fat” counterparts, because the additives compensating the lack of fat also have their calories.
MYTH: Chocolate causes acne and provokes weight gain.
FACT: What sins just did not prescribe "the food of the gods" (as in Latin is called chocolate). However, by itself, this product does not cause acne - this conclusion was made by American scientists who conducted a study on how food with a high glycemic index affects the appearance of acne. It is all about raging hormones and sometimes - an individual reaction of the body. Although still, according to the lead author of the study, Jennifer Barris, some varieties of chocolate (containing a lot of hydrogenated fats) can increase inflammation, so it’s better not to overdo it with chocolate during the period when you have acne on your face. As for the weight gain, this statement is only partly true. Indeed, milk chocolate with a creamy filling or with nuts and raisins is a very high-calorie delicacy. But the usual dark chocolate (with a cocoa content of at least 70%) can be eaten at least every day. Naturally, in reasonable quantities: 10-15 grams will be enough for dieters and 15-25 grams can be eaten by those who support weight.
MYTH: When consuming cold food, more calories are wasted, because the body needs to be “warmed up” to absorb it.
FACT: Indeed, the body spends energy for warming food, but its amount is greatly exaggerated. So, when drinking half a liter of cold water (about 0 degrees), our body spends about 17 kcal to warm it. Quite a bit, considering that the calorie content of one apple, for example, is 45 kcal. And by the way, nutritionists do not recommend drinking cold liquid at all - it can cause a stomach spasm.
One of the biggest delicacies of children half a century ago was a glass of fresh milk and bread with jam, or cottage cheese with honey. No sweets, cookies and other pastry delights could compare with them.
But times change, and fresh milk has become a rare product on the tables of modern people. And with it came a large number of myths.
We offer to look at this list together:
- Milk is useful at any age. It turns out that far from it. For children, this is really a necessary product, and it can be consumed as soon as such a desire arises. But from the age of 25 it’s not worth overdoing it, and older people generally need to strictly determine the optimal amount for consumption. The reason is that with age, the level of enzymes in the human body gradually decreases, which helps break down lactase, thereby impairing the absorption of nutrients.
- Cottage cheese helps strengthen bones. There is as much truth here as fiction. Low-fat products help to strengthen bones - maximum 15%. Only in this case, you can be sure that the calcium and phosphorus necessary for the bones is fully assimilated.
- Yogurts are very helpful. And again we say that this statement is a myth, but, fortunately, half as well. Only those yogurts that did not succumb to heat treatment (it “kills” the beneficial bacteria) can be beneficial. Identify the "right" product can be shelf life. The less it is, the more benefit yogurt will bring.
- Fat-free products carry no benefit. This is a ridiculous delusion. In fact, there is no completely skimmed milk or cottage cheese, and even the minimum content of animal fats makes it possible to obtain the necessary nutrients.
- Those who suffer from lactose intolerance, dairy products are contraindicated. If you suffer from partial intolerance, in particular, whole milk lactose, this is not a reason to completely abandon the "jelly". Just go to the use of dairy products and lactose-free milk. The benefit of modern technology has taken care of their availability on the shelves of almost all large stores.
- From dairy get better. Those who struggle with obesity should not deny themselves the pleasure of eating a glass of milk or yogurt, but on the condition that their fat content is less than 3.5%. The fact is that the fat that you remove from the diet begins to be replaced by other components, and often it is sugar or carbohydrates. But they certainly do not contribute to losing weight.
- Pasteurization kills all the nutrients. Another common myth. In fact, pasteurization is not boiling. Its goal is to maximize the reduction of pathogenic microorganisms, which can subsequently cause various diseases.
A more modern way of "processing" is ultrapasteization. In the process, the product is heated to a temperature of about 150 degrees, kept in this state for a few seconds, and then cooled sharply. It gives the chance to keep freshness and useful properties longer.
When it comes to benefits, there is always a place for true and false beliefs. But today, having learned a few important facts, you are one step closer to the truth.
Samples with violations:
- butter - 16,
- cheese - 15,
- ice cream - 7,
- cheese curds - 5,
- processed cheese - 2,
- milk - 2,
- kefir - 1,
- cottage cheese - 1
An unscrupulous manufacturer uses milk fat substitutes to reduce the cost of production, “forgetting” to report this on the label and mention that butter is now not a butter at all, but a spread, and cheese is not a cheese, but a cheese product.
Does this pose any danger to the buyer? Not. Is consumer fraud - yes. After all, at the price of a high-quality, natural product a cheap substitute is sold. And the quality of the vegetable fats themselves sometimes leaves much to be desired.
Most counterfeit products - in cheeses and butter.
In this category, "leader" - glazed curds. In addition to pseudo-children’s labels for cheeses, there are quite a few serious comments - from falsification with starch to abundance of microbes.
Alekseenko Alexey Nikolaevich, Assistant to the Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor:
- In general, the presented statistics correspond to the situation in the dairy market. As Denis Manturov, Minister of Industry and Trade of Russia, recently stated in the Federation Council, “in the food industry, fake dairy products are estimated at 20 percent. The data is different for different regions, but the order of numbers remains.
The reasons for such an abundance of counterfeit - the lack of a system of end-to-end control on the principle "from field to counter" - and, accordingly, the impunity of "chemists".
The situation can be affected only by the system of transparent and strict certification of food raw materials products for safety and quality. Such a system should ensure the traceability of each consignment. It must completely eliminate the ingress of dangerous and poor-quality products in the turnover.
— Monitoring the quality of food products, conducted by Roskontrol over the past three years, shows the lack of stability even among large producers. The methods of falsifying goods are changing, taking into account the latest achievements of science, the activity of regulatory bodies and the dynamics of prices for raw materials, but the overall share of falsified goods remains almost unchanged.
This indicates the need for a serious change in the approach to control, both at the pre-market stage and during the circulation of products on the market.
It was for this purpose that was created. The system of independent quality control "Roskontrol" which involves regular inspections of samples of goods from store shelves - for food products from 4 to 12 times a year.
Coupled with the developed field-to-counter traceability system, our system will be able to minimize the proportion of falsified and low-quality products. This approach will allow consumers to focus on the diversity of products represented in the trade, focusing on labeling Sign Roskontrolyaand make an informed choice. And for bona fide manufacturers, it is an effective tool for increasing sales and developing production.
If you are interested in information on a specific manufacturer, go to the Roskontrol catalog. In the search bar, enter the brand name. You will see which products of this manufacturer have been checked, which ones are recommended for purchase, and which ones are on the Black List. Each product card contains information on what the product is disqualified for.
If you are interested in a specific type of dairy products, for example, butter, you can go to the Catalog, in the "dairy products" / butter section and see which brands in this category are black listed and which ones are recommended for purchase.
Attention! The information presented in the article is relevant at the time of its publication.
Every week we talk about new product benchmarks.
food and household appliances. Short and to the point.
Elena, hello. Indeed, this information is very interesting.
However, it is incorrect to compare manufacturers on this basis.
For example, the brand "House in the Village" tested 10 product names (milk, sour cream, butter, etc.), of which 5 are in the black list.
And the brand "Archa" tested only 1 sample - Edam cheese, which was on the black list. And to say that “Archa” is 100% not tested, on the basis of 1 sample - is fundamentally wrong.
If you are interested in information on a particular manufacturer, go to the Roskontrol Catalog. In the search bar, enter the brand name.
You will see which products of this manufacturer have been checked, which ones are recommended for purchase, and which ones are on the Black List. The cards of these products contain information for which the product is disqualified.
If you are interested in a specific type of dairy products, for example, butter, you can go to the Catalog, in the "dairy products" / butter section and see which products in this category are on the Black List.
This option is convenient to use in the store, near the shelf with the goods. Going into the catalog, clarify which brand of oil is recommended for purchase, and which is not.
Milk - “the food of the gods”
Milk is a truly legendary drink. Many ancient cultures - the Romans, Celts, Egyptians, Mongols and Indians included it in their diet and even sang in legends and myths. Historical evidence has come down to us that they regarded this healthy drink as “the food of the gods”.
The ancients claimed that the gods and kings of ancient Sumer drank milk in order to gain immortality. And the Greeks said that the Milky Way was created from the drops of breast milk of the goddess Hera, which fell into the sky when she fed the baby Hercules.
Queen Cleopatra became famous for regularly taking milk baths, which rejuvenated her skin and healed the body.
And Julius Caesar was convinced that the Celts and the Germans were great because they drank milk and ate meat.
Today, scientists have proven facts of the benefits of this wonderful drink. Every person has the opportunity to daily enjoy whole milk and products from it. What good can be obtained from a single serving of cow's milk?
The nutritional value of milk and its products
Many people know that cow's milk contains calcium - a trace element that plays an important role in ensuring the health of bones, teeth and nails. But besides this, dairy products can boast of other properties.
Only in one portion of milk (225 grams) whole 8 grams of protein - high-quality protein. For comparison, in almond milk, which today is positioned as "superfood" in one serving only 1 g of protein.
In addition, a portion of milk can meet the daily needs of the body according to the following parameters:
- Calcium (30 percent): helps build and maintain strong bones and teeth.
- Riboflavin (25 percent): stimulates the production of red blood cells and metabolism.
- Phosphorus (25 percent): strengthens the bones, contributes to the harmonious work of the central nervous system.
- Vitamin D (25 percent): promotes calcium absorption.
- Vitamin B (22 percent): helps transform food into energy.
- Potassium (11 percent): regulates water balance and helps maintain normal blood pressure.
- Vitamin A (10 percent): promotes good eyesight and healthy skin.
- Niacin (10 percent): stimulates proper blood circulation.
From the foregoing, it can be concluded that cow's milk and the products that make it are universal food that can satisfy all the needs of our body. At the same time other types of milk have similar properties! People in different parts of the world breed sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, buffaloes, deer, and even elks, including to receive milk regularly.
Drinking milk is the most common dairy product produced in the world. And cheese is the most delicious and appetizing! Sociologists say that it is cheeses that are the most often stolen in food hypermarkets.
Молочные продукты — название, которое объединяет обширную группу продуктов на основе молока. Это творог, йогурт, разнообразные кисломолочные напитки, сыр и сливочное масло. Перечисленные продукты вобрали в себя все полезные свойства молока, однако отличаются и уникальной целебностью, присущей только им
Milk is a versatile food, a storehouse of useful nutrients that are easily absorbed and do not stress the gastrointestinal tract. Another advantage is the ability to remove excess fluid, preserving and replenishing the body with potassium. This property of milk is used in cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and kidney diseases.
Milk is involved in the synthesis of important immune cells, activates the body's defense.
Milk is famous for its high-quality protein, which is used to build muscles, hormones, enzymes and the body itself.
A distinctive feature of milk carbohydrates is slow absorption, which means a slow rise in blood sugar, which is welcomed in case of diabetes and obesity. Milk helps with poisoning, acts as a natural antibiotic, due to special substances - lactinins.
With a glass of warm milk, you are provided with a sweet sleep, and all because the release of melatonin into the blood is activated - the main hormone of sleep and youth.
Up to 200 ml can be consumed daily.
Sour-milk drinks are a very diverse group of extremely healthy products that you need to drink every day, from young to old. The group is so extensive that among them you can always find a drink to your taste. If we talk about their uniqueness in one word, then this is the prevention of cancer. You just enjoy the taste, and the drink is working to improve your immunity. At least 200 ml daily.
Yogurt is the most demanded product and the most dietary; you can hardly find a person for whom yogurt is banned. It has many advantages, but the most important thing is the fight against aging. This is the elixir of youth. What is especially nice is that these properties were discovered by our great scientist. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, trying to answer the question - where does old age come from? The development of the theory of aging and its prevention was evaluated by awarding the Nobel Prize. Daily need to eat up to 125 grams.
An ideal product for everyone, so highly doctors value cottage cheese for healing. Kids especially need it, their bodies use cottage cheese substances for active growth and good development. It is famous for its balanced calcium content, which, moreover, is perfectly absorbed by the body. And without a sufficient amount of calcium, it is impossible to form a strong musculoskeletal system of the body, the foundation of which is laid just in early childhood.
Cottage cheese contains phosphorus, which is necessary for bone mineralization and the formation of healthy teeth. Cottage cheese is also a thin waist, an indispensable food for unloading. It gives the body of the elderly people strength, health and power. The rate of cottage cheese to 200 grams per day.
Cheese is the most delicious medicine for the prevention of osteoporosis (increased bone fragility), due to the high content of bioabsorbable calcium. The champion for this indicator is classic Parmesan, which contains 900 mg of calcium per 100 grams of cheese. Be careful with taking cheese, no more than 25 grams per day, mostly in the first half of the day.
The storehouse of fat-soluble vitamins. Its light enough fats go to the construction of very important substances to prolong life - sex hormones and immunoglobulins. Not more than 20 grams per day.
Milk: the most popular myths
Every day, many people consume a variety of dairy products. Some do it for health and prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Others - in order to lose weight or make food more satisfying. And the third - and at all because it is tasty.
But there are opponents of milk and products from it. They are sure that it is possible to drink whole milk only in childhood, when the body grows and strengthens. As an adult, this product is unhealthy and even dangerous. Is it so?
Indeed, there are people who poorly absorb milk sugar - lactose. In their case, a mug of milk can cause gastrointestinal disorders, abdominal distention and contribute to the development of diarrhea. But their number is very limited, poor digestibility of lactose is not an age feature, but a genetic one. The fact that a person loses the ability to break down lactose with age - this is a myth!
One more opinion about the dangers of milk is extremely popular: as if it provokes the appearance of acne in adolescents and adults. Scientists have been studying this fact for a long time. In the magazine American Academy of Dermatology In 2008, preliminary evidence was published that skimmed milk may be associated with acne in adolescents. But why exactly skimmed, not whole milk and dairy products, was not found out.
Some researchers have suggested that the milk available for sale may contain hormones that the manufacturer uses when raising animals. These hormones can interact with human hormones, which can eventually cause acne.
In addition to milk and dairy products, which we are accustomed to (yogurt, kefir, ryazhenka, sour cream, cream, yogurt, cheese, cheese and cottage cheese), you can find real exotics in the store. For example, tang is a drink that is made from cow or goat milk with the addition of yeast, salt and water.
If you add basil to the previous drink, you will get a new type of dairy products - airan. In the East, they believe that airan can cure any "gastric ailment".
Real gourmets regularly drink katyk. This is a product that is obtained from fat cow's milk, which is added sour cream, and then put it in a warm place for fermentation for 8-10 hours.
Dairy products are an excellent source of high-grade milk protein and calcium. It is in dairy products the optimal ratio of calcium and phosphorus, which helps calcium to better digest.
Cottage cheese and cheese are high-protein products. For example, 100 g of cheese 45% fat 24 g of protein and 26 g of fat, 100 g of Mozzarella cheese 20 g of protein and 18 g of fat, 100 g of 9% cottage cheese 16-17 g of protein.
The need for protein in a healthy person who is not involved in sports professionally - 1 g per kg of body weight, 50% of which should be animal protein. With a weight of 60 kg, 100 g of cottage cheese cover more than half the daily norm of animal protein. But with cheese you have to be careful! Hard cheese is rich in calcium, but it contains a lot of fat - therefore, a portion of this product should be 20-40 grams, otherwise you risk to gain extra pounds.
Fermented milk products (yogurt, kefir, ryazhenka, etc.) contain lactic acid bacteria that have a beneficial effect on the bowels. It is important to use dairy products without added sugar and starch, the composition should be only milk and sourdough. If you follow the figure, choose low-fat dairy products, but not skimmed (milk, kefir, ryazhenka 2.5% fat, thick yogurt 2.5-3.5% fat).
It is now "fashionable" to exclude milk and dairy products from the diet. Often this is unreasonable - even with the established diagnosis of “lactase deficiency”, dairy products can be consumed by taking special preparations containing an enzyme that breaks down lactose. Often there is poor tolerance of milk, especially in old age, for example, when a person has not consumed milk for many years, and then suddenly decided to drink. In this case, it is really undesirable to use whole milk, but at the same time other dairy products are not excluded from the diet.
Useful for bones
In the US alone, 10 million people suffer from osteoporosis and another 43 million have an increased risk of developing the disease. At the same time, the researchers found that women are more likely to develop osteoporosis - they get sick 4 times more often than men!
Scientists also concluded that the content of protein and calcium in dairy products can play a crucial role in the formation of bone density, which will reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Each person should eat three servings of dairy products daily, and then health will be stronger.
Control blood pressure
Dairy products contain three important minerals - calcium, potassium and magnesium. They help regulate the balance of fluids and minerals in the body to maintain healthy blood pressure. This is especially important for people who suffer from hypertension or have heart disease. Scientists say that 3 servings of dairy products of medium fat per day will help prevent stroke.
Struggling with toxins
Cow's milk proteins have a unique ability - they can “bind” toxins in the body. For this reason, people who work in hazardous industries are required to drink milk.
For a long time, milk and its products became the culprits of infectious diseases. The problem was solved only in the 19th century by a French microbiologist. Louis Pasteur. He first proposed to pasteurize milk.
Maintain intestinal health
Fermented milk products "feed" not only a person, but also a useful microflora that inhabits his intestines. The nutrients in them work as prebiotics, so the “sour milk” is often prescribed in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, to strengthen the immune system.
Fermented milk yogurt, which goes on sale with the label "live", can be called a "cure" for depression. The fact is that natural yogurt helps restore healthy intestinal microflora. And she, in turn, helps the body produce the hormone serotonin, which promotes good mood.
Warm in bad weather
In the cold season, doctors urge to dress warmer and drink warming drinks. But few people know that ordinary butter can help to get warm quickly. Enough to eat bread and butter to feel better.
As a bonus, the body will receive vitamin D. Due to the lack of sunlight, it is more difficult to get it in the winter and autumn, but, fortunately, it is contained in butter.
Scientists still can not find an explanation for the fact that in a thunderstorm milk sour faster. But biochemists assume that electromagnetic impulses are involved, which have such an effect on milk.
Restore the body
The combination of proteins, fats and carbohydrates and useful minerals in milk make it the best regenerating product after heavy exercise and sports training. Experts even claim that the effectiveness of milk is higher than that of commercially available sports drinks.
From the point of view of Tibetan medicine, "white food", that is, dairy products, is best suited for summer time. They cool the body, reduce the heat and at the same time do not cause a breakdown of the Wind - the nervous system. In the summer months, dairy products must be on the table. In particular, they help the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (angina pectoris, strokes, heart attacks), which peak in the hot summer months.
In late autumn, in winter and spring, cold and heaviness accumulate in the body. This is largely contributed to the dairy products. Therefore, they retreat to the second and third plan, giving way to the "red food" - warming meat products. Does this mean that for six months they will have to be abandoned? Not at all! The main benefit of dairy products is the prevention and treatment of nervous diseases, psycho-emotional disorders, stress. But in order for them to bring health benefits, they should be consumed correctly.
Tibetan medicine divides dairy products into milk itself, fermented milk (kefir, yogurt), butter, cheese (including cottage cheese).
First, how to avoid dairy products. They can not be consumed in the cold, as well as in combination with other cooling products, primarily with sugar. Harmful combination of milk with any cereal (semolina, buckwheat), pasta, potatoes, white bread. Samples of harmful combinations - sweet semolina porridge on milk, buckwheat porridge with milk, milk noodle soup, mashed potatoes on milk. These combinations lead to overweight and obesity, joint diseases, decreased immunity, respiratory diseases.
Ayurvedic medicine refers milk to the "lunar products." This means that it can be drunk only in the evening, after the rising of the moon, preferably half an hour before bedtime. In 150-200 ml of hot milk, you should add a pinch of nutmeg or cinnamon. If you regularly drink milk in this way, it increases the amount of "goodness" and love. That is, it makes a person more calm, benevolent, loving, treats irritability, anger, and hot temper. In addition, goat milk is recommended as a remedy for bronchial asthma.
Ghee is more useful than butter, because it does not cool, but warms the body. In the Tibetan treatise "Zhud Shi" (XII century) it is written about him: "Ghee gives the mind sharpness, and memory - clarity, generates heat and strength, lengthens life." Especially useful is ghee in old age. If you use it daily, you can significantly prolong life and for many years to maintain physical strength and mental performance.
In the cold season it is necessary to choose seasoned, hard, savory varieties. For the summer months, young, soft and curd cheeses are more suitable. Cottage cheese belongs to the cooling products, and it can be consumed in the fall, winter and spring only in the form of hot casseroles (cottage cheese makers) and always with the addition of warming spices - ginger, cinnamon. But in general, cottage cheese is an excellent summer product, not very suitable for winter.
Dairy products - kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese should not be used with fruit. These are incompatible products (even if it upsets the lovers of fruit yoghurt and cottage cheese). Moreover, it is not good to use them from the refrigerator - this is a direct blow to health.
In general, we can say that dairy products occupy an important place in proper nutrition, but they require special attention to how, in what form and at what time they are consumed.
Fresh milk - the most useful?
“To be honest, you can drink fresh milk only from a cow, in which you are 100% sure of health, otherwise it can be very dangerous,” insists Yulia Eliseeva. How to know if a burenka got all the vaccinations required, have you not grazed along the roads and eaten any food that was accidentally infected with fungus? And are you sure that the farmer has washed the bucket well, in which he collected milk, his own hands and the udder of a cow?
Only a test for residual antibiotics, mycotoxins, inhibitors and pathogens can guarantee this. All raw materials entering the dairy pass such checks, milk bought from hands every day may differ in quality and one day prove extremely dangerous.. So boiling is something that just needs to be done with fresh milk at home.
Do adults need milk?
“A healthy person does not absorb milk or is burdened by its consumption in one case - if for some reason no lactase enzyme is produced in his body, which breaks down milk carbohydrate lactose,” explains Olga Volkova. - This may be due to genetic features (quite rare, occurring in 1-2% of people). Sometimes - with transferred intestinal infections: since lactase is produced in the villi of the intestine, damage by its virus or harmful bacteria can reduce the production of the enzyme - and the person temporarily absorbs milk worse than before.
There is also lactase deficiency associated with age. Older people against the background of slowing down all processes in the body and reduced enzyme synthesis, but this does not mean that dairy products are useless for them or harmful. Sour milk drinks, such as yogurt, thanks to the work of their own bacteria are well absorbed even by the elderly. In general, it’s impossible to refuse an excellent source of calcium and protein in adulthood. ”
Useful bacteria multiply in the sour milk when it is stored?
If the product is stored at the recommended temperature of + 4 ° C, microorganisms will not multiply or die. For reproduction, they need a more comfortable temperature, for death - more severe. Therefore, if storage conditions are observed, the concentration of lactic acid bacteria in yogurt or yogurt will not change.
Is natural yoghurt more beneficial than other dairy products?
“Yoghurt is the most studied fermented milk product today,” explains Olga Volkova. - The fact is that sour cream, kefir, ryazhenka, yogurt - are traditional for our country or individual regions of the world. And yogurt is an internationally known and understandable product. Accordingly, when the world scientific community studied the properties of fermented milk products, it observed them on the basis of yogurt. Its usefulness is indeed proven by a lot of serious research, but this does not mean that kefir or yogurt are less valuable for human health.
Goat milk products healthier?
“It’s like talking about what is better: apples or pears,” says Yuliya Eliseeva. - Goat milk protein is different from cow milk, so from the point of view of chemical composition it is different products with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Но, скажем, вирус энцефалита с козьим молоком передается, если животное болеет, а с коровьим – нет». «Казеин, основной белок коровьего молока, может вызывать серьезные нарушения здоровья у людей с диагностированной его непереносимостью, – добавляет Ольга Волкова. – Им приходится искать альтернативы. Один из вариантов – козье молоко с немного другим белком. Но не факт, что этот продукт тоже не даст реакции».
Пастеризации и стерилизации уменьшают пользу?
Not.“The main benefit of milk is the presence of calcium and high-grade milk protein,” argues Olga Volkova. - If by these indicators compare sterilized, pasteurized and whole, there will be no difference. In addition, unlike boiling, sterilization processes under industrial conditions allow us to keep the maximum amount of vitamins. ”