The genus Allamand has about 15 evergreen vines and shrubs, which are successfully grown at home and not too capricious in the care, they are part of the family kutrovye. In the wild, it is most commonly found in the rainforests of Central, South and North America.
And in cultural cultivation it is most often used in vertical gardening, as a beautiful flowering plant.
Varieties and types
Allamanda oleandrolist is a shrub, reaching up to 90 centimeters in height, quite often occurs with climbing drooping shoots. The elliptic leaves are short, petiolate, elongated, with a dark green color on the upper side, and up to 12 centimeters in length from the bottom with a lighter shade. The flowers have a yellowish tint and are located on long pedicels, up to 4 centimeters in width, with a swollen corolla tube.
Allamand laxative one of the most popular types in cultural cultivation. It is a climbing plant, reaching up to 6 meters in length. The leaves are ovate-elongated, opposite, often bare, pubescent only in the lower part of the shoot, rather large, reaching about 14 centimeters in length and 2-4 centimeters in width. The flowers are golden-yellowish with a whitish base, which are collected in the apical part of the shoot, tubular-funnel-shaped, rather large to 5-6 centimeters in width. There are also many forms in cultural cultivation, but a number of authors evaluate them as independent species.
Allamanda noble It differs from the laxative by large elongate-lanceolate sessile leaves and reddish shoots, the foliage reaches up to 20 centimeters in length. The tops of the leaf cover are pointed, pubescent from the bottom. In the internodes are located on 2-3 sheets. The flowers are golden yellow in color with a bright spot in the throat, reaching up to 12 centimeters in diameter, the aroma is very pleasant, somewhat reminiscent of magnolia.
It stands out from all varieties with its rapid growth. Leaf cover is thick, leathery, assembled in 3-4 pieces. The flowers are orange-yellow shade with bright spot, reach up to 12 centimeters in diameter.
Allamanda grandiflora due to its thin climbing shoots, it can be grown as an ampelous plant, rather slow growth is noticed. The leaf cover is ovate-lanceolate, rather small. Flowers have a lemon-yellow color, reaching up to 10 centimeters in diameter.
Allamand schott is a fast-growing liana with pubescent shoots and warty branches. Leaf cover lanceolate and wide, assembled by 3-4 leaves. The flowers have a yellow color with brown stripes and dark yellow pharynx.
Allamanda purple a fairly slow-growing liana with densely pubescent, elliptical leaves, reaching up to 10-15 centimeters in length, collected 4 pieces each. The flowers have a light purple color, focus on the tips of the shoots of 2-3 pieces.
Allamanda home care
Allamand is a light-loving plant, which is well tolerated not a lot of direct sunlight. It is best to place the plant in the windows of a southern, southeastern, and southwestern orientation. The plant is well suited for landscaping bright winter gardens and greenhouses.
In the summer, the plant is required to provide a temperature limit from 20 to 24 degrees. And in the period from November to February, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for the rest period, reduce watering and the temperature of the content to 15-18 degrees. Draft badly affects the development of the plant.
Watering and humidity of water
In summer, Allamand's liana needs abundant watering, but do not allow strong waterlogging or drying out of the soil. In winter, provide moderate watering, after drying the top layer of soil.
With the content of allamand it is necessary to ensure a favorable air humidity in the range of 60-70 percent. For this reason, the plant needs frequent spraying during the growing season, and water should not be allowed to get on the flowers, this can worsen their decorative effect. Also, the dishes with the plant can be put on wet clay or pebbles, but that the dishes do not touch the water.
At the end of November, in order to improve the allamanda flowering period, pruning is performed. In this case, cut to half the height of the shoots above the leaf internodes or apply pinching for young shoots.
It is also necessary to carry out cleansing pruning from thickening and weak shoots during the entire growing season. The stem part of the plant must be tied to the supports, as they are not strong enough.
Be careful and use gloves as the plant's milky sap is poisonous!
Transplantation of soil and fertilizers
Allamand needs fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers, which are applied every three weeks in normal concentrations, during the period of active growth.
In spring, after flowering, allamands require transplantation, young specimens annually, and more adults as needed, approximately once every two to three years.
Soil mix can be composed of:
- 2 parts of leaf and 1 part of sod land, 2 parts of peat and 1 part of humus, with the addition of 1/3 of the sand.
- 1 part of sod land and 2 parts of deciduous land, 5 parts of humus, 1 part of sand and 1 part of peat.
Growing allamand plant seed
Sowing of seeds is carried out in a moist and light substrate composed of sand and peat. At the maintenance of crops, provide temperature condition from 22 to 25 degrees, regular airing and spraying. Seed germination occurs in a period of 3 to 6 weeks.
Reproduction by cuttings
When propagating by cuttings, the lignified shoots of about 8-10 centimeters in length are cut off the floor, and they are rooted in moist sand. If more rapid rooting is needed, the cuttings are treated with growth stimulants and provide lower heating of the soil. Newly planted cuttings need constant airing and spraying and are contained in the temperature range from 22 to 25 degrees.
After the cuttings take root, they swoop into the ground, made up of equal parts of humus soil, soddy earth, with the addition of sand. And after about 1-1.5 months, the plant provides the usual care, as for adult Allamand.
- Rotting or blackening of the base of the stem and root collar, possible causes may be excessive soil moisture, high seeding density or lack of light. This can lead to the disease of the Black Leg plant. It is necessary to ensure proper watering and good illumination.
- The leaves are pale and yellow, the plant growth has slowed, the stems have stretched, and flowering is not stable, this may occur due to a lack of nutrients or a lack of lighting.
- Leaves grow brown and curl due to excessively wet soil and supercooled plant.
- Allamand can be damaged by pests such as: spider mite, nematode, aphid, whitefly, unless proper care is provided at home.
Allamanda - Description
Allamanda (lat. Allamanda) belongs to the family kutrovyh and has up to 15 species of plants. These evergreen vines and shrubs live in the tropical zones of America.
It is quite difficult to grow in indoor conditions, because Allamand is very demanding to care: air humidity, temperature and light.
The plant needs regular pruning. If allamanda grows in a pot, then she needs support. An annual transplant is highly desirable.
Planting and caring for allamanda (briefly)
- Bloom: from May to September, but only in conditions close to natural.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- Temperature: in summer - 20-25 ºC, in winter - 15-17 ºC.
- Watering: in spring and summer - plentiful, in the fall watering is gradually reduced, in winter it is watered after the soil dries out 3-4 cm deep.
- Air humidity: increased. The plant needs regular spraying. The flower is kept on a pallet with wet claydite or pebbles.
- Top dressing: mineral and organic fertilizers once every three weeks during the growing season. In the period of rest do not feed.
- Rest period: from late autumn to early spring.
- Transfer: in the spring: young plants - annually, adults - as needed once every 2-3 years.
- Support: The plant needs support, which is placed in a pot during transplantation. It can be an arch or a ladder.
- Substrate: 2 parts of leafy land, 5 parts of humus, one part of peat, sand and sod land.
- Trimming: At the end of the growing season the shoots of the plant are half shortened. In the period of active growth regularly remove weak shoots.
- Reproduction: seeds and almost lignified stem cuttings.
- Pests: nematodes, whiteflies, aphids and spider mites.
- Diseases: rot stem and roots.
- Properties: Allamand has poisonous juice!
During the growing season, the home allamanda needs to spray the plant regularly, as it prefers high air humidity. Spray need to carefully, not allowing water to hit the flowers in order to avoid reducing decorative. It will not be superfluous to put a pot with allamand on a tray with wet expanded clay or pebbles.
Transplanted room allamandu after flowering - in the spring. Young specimens - annually, and adults - once in 2-3 years, if there is a need. The soil mixture consists of 2 parts of peat and leaf soil, one part of humus and sod land, adding a little sand. Another option is 5 parts of humus, 2 parts of deciduous land, and 1 part of sod land, sand and peat.
Reproduction allamanda cuttings.
Almost stiffened cuttings of home allamanda are cut into pieces of about 10 centimeters in length and planted in wet sand. In order for the cuttings to take root faster, they need to be treated with growth stimulants and to provide lower heating. It is necessary to regularly spray and air, keep the temperature at 23-24 ° C. When the cuttings take root, they dive into a mixture of sand, humus and sod land (1: 1: 1). After a month and a half begin to care, as for the adult specimens.
Allamanda diseases and pests
Allamanda is rotting. The base of the stalk of allamand may turn black and start to rot, if the soil is too moist, or the seeds are sown too close to each other. For these reasons, Allamand may become ill with Black Leg.
Allamanda leaves turn yellow. Insufficient light or nutrient deficiencies can lead to slower plant growth, stretching of the stems, yellowing of the leaves or poor flowering.
The leaves of allamanda turn brown and curl. Due to drafts and cold air, as well as with an excess of moisture, the leaves turn brown and curl. It is necessary to reduce watering and keep the temperature at the recommended level.
Allamand pests. The main pests are the whitefly, nematodes, aphids and spider mites.
Allamanda noble / Allamanda nobilis
Allamanda laxative diff. noble (Allamanda cathartica var. nobilis). Reddish shoots. The leaves grow in length up to 20 cm, sessile, lanceolate, pointed at the top, the underside of platinum sheet is pubescent, grow from nodes of two or three pieces. The flowers are yellow with a pale spot in the throat, up to 12 cm in diameter, smell good.
Brief description of the plant
Allamanda is a plant belonging to the Kutrov family. In total there are about fifteen species, among which there are shrubs and vines. In the wild, allamand is found in the tropical humid zones of America. The plant has smooth green leaves and beautiful five-petal flowers, shaped like bells, which can be seen in the photo. They can be painted in such tones as yellow, pink, lilac.
How to care?
How to grow a flower allamand? This is a rather capricious and capricious plant that will feel comfortable and grow only in favorable and close to natural conditions. Consider the highlights of care:
- Appropriate place. A pot with Allamanda is best placed in a well-lit and protected from strong winds and drafts. But direct sunlight should not constantly fall on the plant for a long period. The flower feels good in winter gardens and greenhouses. Do not place the pot near an air conditioner or heating appliance.
- Allamand is not very demanding on the soil, but it is better to prepare a mixture of part of sod land and humus, two parts of leafy soil and peat, as well as half of the sand.
- Temperature mode. In the summer, the room temperature is quite suitable, ranging between 23-27 degrees. Approximately from the middle of autumn it is necessary to reduce it, gradually bringing it to 14-17 degrees, so that by winter the plant will be in a state of rest.
- Care involves maintaining the humidity within 60-70%, and if it is below these indicators, then increase it with a humidifier placed next to a container with water or placed in a pallet of wet sand or expanded clay (it should not contact the soil, this can lead to root decay). In addition, in the summer you need to spray every day, but avoiding dropping on the flowers: this can affect their decorative effect.
- Watering should be abundant and regular, ideally the soil should always be wet, but do not let water stagnate. In winter, water Allamandu less often - as the upper earthen layer dries out.
- The plant needs nutrients, so be sure to fertilize it. For these purposes, you can use universal preparations for indoor flowering plants or tropical plants. It is necessary to carry out top dressing from the beginning of spring to the beginning of autumn once a month or a little more often.
- Regular transplants are also required. Young Allamand needs to be transplanted annually, and a more mature one every two or three years. It is necessary to choose a container with a larger diameter, and it is desirable to perform transplantation in spring and not during the flowering period.
- If you want to form a beautiful shrub and stimulate abundant flowering, then at the end of autumn prune the plant. Old and weakened shoots are removed, and healthy ones are cut by about half or a third above the leaf nodes.
Pests such as whiteflies, aphids, spider mites and nematodes can attack Allamandu. If they appear, the plant is treated with an insecticide. Root rotting, weakening of shoots due to lack of nutrients, shedding of leaves due to waterlogging and darkening of greenery due to drafts are also possible.
Care for allamanda right, and she will delight you with bloom.
Allamanda growing conditions at home, care
- Lighting. The plant is very light-loving and can confidently transfer a certain amount of direct solar streams, so you need to put the pot on the southeast or south-west windows, but on the window sill of the southern location in the hours from 12 to 16, you will have to arrange light shading. Allamanda grows well in winter gardens and greenhouses. It is necessary to ensure that the bush does not fall under the action of a draft. If climatic conditions allow, the plant can be grown in the garden, planting it along artificial ponds or on the sides of the paths, where there is a lot of sand and stones (but not clay). The place should be bright, but protected from the action of wind and draft.
Content temperature In the spring and summer period, they maintain indicators within the limits of 20–23 degrees, and by the winter they are lowered to 13–15.
Air humidity. Since allamand grows in natural conditions with high humidity, the rooms will need to spray its leaves daily, trying not to fall on the flowers. In winter, this procedure is not carried out. Water is taken at room temperature, soft.
Watering. Bush does not require abundant moisture of the substrate, it is only recommended that the top layer has time to dry between waterings. In the summer, they are moistened every 3-4 days, and in the winter watering is reduced. Water is taken rain or river, and only warm. You can use filters for cleaning and softening tap water from boiling and boiling and settling.
Fertilizer. As soon as active growth begins in the spring, it is necessary to feed twice a month. Apply organic or mineral complexes. The concentration indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer does not change.
General care of the plant. In the spring months, young Allamandas are recommended to cut and pinch, it will stimulate lush flowering and can give the plant a compact size. To do this, pick up the spring months or do pruning during transplantation. Shoots will need to be reduced by half, the cut is performed on the leaf node. Shoots must be tied up, as they can break off.
Грунт для растения должен быть очень пористым, питательным и с кислой реакцией, показатели кислотности в пределах pH 5,6–6,0, иногда даже сильнокислой с pH 5,1–5,5. Можно в цветочном магазине приобрести землесмеси для пересадки, которые подходят для азалий или хвойных представителей. Состав субстрата составляется самостоятельно из:
- leaf and turf soil, peat soil and river sand in proportions 2: 1: 1: 1: 0.5,
high-moor peat, leaf ground, compost soil, coarse-grained sand (in the ratio 2: 2: 1: 1: 0.3),
humus, hardwood, turf, river sand and peat (in proportions 5: 2: 1: 1: 1),
- leaf earth, humus, pine bark (or needles), small gravel (in proportions 2: 1: 1: 1: 2).
Jungle Bell Breeding Recommendations
You can get a new allamanda shrub using a seed planting or a vegetative method (grafting).
When cutting the cuttings, semi-lignified shoots are used, and the procedure is performed in the spring months or at the end of winter. The branch can be cut into pieces with a length of 10 cm. Then the cuttings are planted in moistened sand. For the fastest rooting, the lower sections are processed by a root formation stimulator (for example, heteroauxin or succinic acid), and after planting it is necessary to warm up the soil from below. It is also recommended to wrap the planted branches with a plastic bag, to ensure heat and high humidity. Be sure to require daily spraying the soil and airing. Temperature indicators should not exceed the limits of 23-24 degrees. As soon as the cuttings take root, they are transplanted into the substrate, mixed from sand, humus and soddy soil, taken in equal parts. After a month and a half, plants can be looked after as adult specimens.
In order to multiply allamand with seeds, it will first be necessary to soak them for 2 days in warm water, but it is possible, then to bubble them - soak the seed material in water with high oxygen content, this will speed up their germination. Then it is necessary to sow the seeds in the substrate on the basis of peat and sand or peat and vermiculite (parts of any components are equal). For the landing use transparent plastic cups of 200 grams. or rectangular transparent containers. Heat indicators during germination are maintained at 24-25 degrees. It is necessary to put a container with seeds under the glass or wrap with plastic wrap. It will be necessary to air and spray the soil twice daily. The soil should never be over dried! After passing 3-6 weeks, you can see the first shoots. When the seedlings stretch to 6-7 cm in height, they are dived in separate containers with diameters m 8 cm.
Difficulties in plant cultivation
Of the harmful insects that plague Allamand, they emit whitefly, aphids, spider mites, nematodes. If there are symptoms of a lesion (yellowing and deformation of the leaves, white dots on the back of the leaf plate or a spider web that has begun to envelop the plant), it is necessary to treat it with insecticides.
The following troubles also occur:
- the base of the plant begins to turn black or rot, if the soil is too wet or the seeds are planted too close to each other, the disease is called “black leg”,
in low light or lack of nutrients, allamand has a growth retardation, the stems are drawn out, and the leaves begin to turn yellow, flowering is rather weak,
if the shrub has been exposed to a draft or overcooling, the leaves will turn brown and curl, this can also be evidence of overmoistening of the soil,
when there is no flowering or it is weak, this is evidence of a too warm wintering and dryness of the substrate, as well as a lack of light and nutrients in the soil, but this also happens when allamandi fertilizers overfeed,
when in summer the substrate was dry, the branches and leaves droop, or this happens in the winter due to high humidity and low heat,
Interesting facts about allamand
On the lands of the Australian continent, Allamanda caught on so successfully that it began to be attributed to ecological weeds. As a result of the activities of people (invasions), the plant began to fill with its thickets all open areas in most national park zones.
The shrub, like many of the Kutrov family, which produce milky sap, is poisonous and causes vomiting if liquid enters the mucous membranes. If an animal or a small child swallows leaves or flowers of allamand in large quantities, it will have a serious impact on the heart activity of the body and is in danger. It is also necessary to remember this when caring (trimming) the plant, since the juice, getting into the eyes or on the skin, can cause irritation, so you have to work with gloves.
Types of Allamanda
- Allamanda noble (Allamanda nobilis). The plant differs shoots of a reddish shade. The leaf is up to 20 cm in length, sedentary on the shoot, lanceolate in shape, there is a cusp at the apex. Down on the leaf side of the leaf plate. The leaves are located in a knot mutovchato - 2-3 pieces. The petals of the flower are colored yellow and inside the corolla there is a pale spot on the throat. The diameter of the bud reaches 12 cm. They have a pleasant aroma.
Allamanda cob (Allamanda cathartica). It is called “the bell of the jungle” or the “golden tube” and this variety is loved to grow flower growers in the conditions of the rooms. Its shoots can grow to 6 m. The leaves are located on the branches in the opposite order, the size is large, the shape is oblong-ovate, the pubescence is only on the lower side along the veins. Their size reaches a length of 14 cm with a width of 4 cm. The location of the apical buds. The flower grows to a width of 6 cm, the shape of a tubular-funnel, color yellow, whitish at the base.
Allamand Henderson (Allamanda hendersonii). Allamand's synonym is the laxative variety of Henderson (Allamanda cathartica var. Hendersonii). The type is fast-growing, leathery leafy plates on the upper surface, arranged in a whitish fashion, 3-4 units each, thick. The diameter of the flower in opening reaches 12 cm, the color of the petals of the bud is yellow-orange with pale specks on the surface (there can be up to 5 units).
Allamanda grandiflora (Allamanda grandiflora). The synonymous name Allamand is a laxative variety grandiflora (Allamanda cathartica var. Grandiflora). A plant with a very low growth rate. Mainly grown as an ampelous culture. Leaves of small sizes differ in lance-ovate contours. There are a lot of buds on the bush; they reach 10 cm in diameter. The color is lemon yellow.
Allamanda Schott (Allamanda schottii). Synonymous with Allamand is the laxative version of Shott (Allamanda cathartica var. Schottii) or Allamand oleandrolide (Allamanda neriifolia). The branches of this liana-like or shrubby plant have pubescence, there are “warts” on the branches, the growth rate is high. The shoots are arcuately patterned drooping to the soil surface and reaching up to 90 cm in length. The leaf plates of 3-4 pieces are assembled in whorls, in shape they are lanceolate or elliptical with a pointed tip. The surface of the leaf is dark emerald, their length is measured 12 cm. The color of the buds of the yellow color scheme with brown stripes, the pharynx is shaded by a dark yellow tone. The diameter of the flower can be measured 4 cm, at the base there is a swelling of the corolla tube.
Allamand oleandrolist (Allamanda neriifolia). The shoots of this plant can reach the length of meters and wilt to the ground. Leaves lanceolate, elongated or elliptically elongated. The length often reaches 12 cm, and attached to the branch with short petioles. The surface of the top of the sheet is painted a dark green shade, and below it is lighter. Flowers across can reach 4 cm, their color is rich yellow, the corolla tube has a swollen base.
Looks like allamanda in this video:
General information about allamand
Allamand - lat. Allamanda
Exquisite Allamanda in nature grows only in tropical rain forests. There are a total of 15 plant species, of which only a few have been cultivated. Liana is valued for its simple, but large, spectacular bright flowers of yellow, pink and lilac color.
Leaves of average size - 6-10 cm in length. The color of the leaves and young shoots are dark green with an emerald sheen. Over time, the stems become woody and become brown.
Shoots can grow up to 3-4 meters in length. Cultivated species must be pruned 1-2 times a year. Curly stems are ideal for ampel cultivation. Placing allamand in floor pots, it is necessary to put supports for lianas.
Regarding the complexity of cultivation, the plant is recommended to experienced growers who already have familiarity with exotic crops.
Important! The stems and leaves of allamada contain poisonous juice. It is advisable to work with a flower in gloves. It is not recommended to keep the vine where there are small children and pets.
Before we move on to the rules of home care for allamand, consider the types of tropical guests that are adapted to growing in artificial environment.
- Allamanda noble (Allamanda nobilis). It has large lanceolate leaves (up to 20 cm in length), pubescent on the reverse side. Flowers rich golden color with bright spots in the throat. In diameter can reach 12-14 cm.
- Allamand laxative (Allamanda cathartica). The most popular domestic species suitable for indoor cultivation. Creepers strongly grow, I can grow to 5-6 m in length. The leaves are oval-shaped, pointed at the ends. Funnel-shaped flowers are located on the tops of the shoots, I have a yellow color and 5-6 cm in diameter.
- Allamand oleandrolist (Allamanda neriifolia). In height the bush can reach 1 meter. Shoots weak wilt, drooping. The leaves are ovate in dark green color, slightly pubescent on the reverse side. Bright yellow flowers of diameters of 5-7 cm are located on a long pedicle.
- Allamanda violet (Allamanda violacea). The leaves of the vines are pubescent, have an elongated shape, reach 13-15 cm in length. Flowers have a funnel shape and light purple or lilac color. The species is rather slow growing.
- Allamanda grandiflora (Allamanda grandiflora). Growing too not fast. Stems are weak, leaves are medium-sized (5-8 cm in length) of lanceolate-ovate form, 4 pieces are collected. The color of flowers from light lemon to dark yellow.
The choice of location, lighting
Direct sunlight is just necessary tropical liana. In the hot summer climate in the midday period (from 12.00 to 16.00) it is better not to allow a direct hit of the sun. The southeast or southwest side is the right choice for the flower. On the north side, Allamand is better not to have it.
How to care for allamanda at home
From lack of light, it will develop poorly and you will not wait for it to bloom.
In winter, on cloudy and short days, it is necessary to use artificial lighting.
In summer, the optimum temperature for keeping vines will be + 20-25 ° C. In winter, the plant “falls asleep” and can live peacefully at a temperature of + 15-18 ° C. The culture will tolerate short-term heat calmly, but lowering the temperature below + 10 ° C is fraught with the fact that the roots and stems will begin to freeze.
Allamand is especially sensitive to drafts - they greatly harm delicate beauty, especially during the flowering period. Once under a strong wind, liana can quickly reset all the flowers. But she also needs fresh air; there should be good ventilation in the room.
Do not allow the room sharp fluctuations in temperature. Microclimate is desirable to maintain stable.
Allamanda loves high humidity (70-80%). If the area where it grows air is dry, it must be moistened. For this purpose, water tanks, automatic humidifiers, water-dispersed fine-dispensing systems are used.
In summer, the flower can be sprayed with a spray bottle. The main thing is that the water for spraying should be at room temperature, not cold.
In no case should not be placed tropical vine near the heating devices.
It is necessary to water a plant plentifully in the summer period and moderately in the winter. There is no clear instructions for the intervals between irrigation - it is necessary to monitor the soil and not allow it to dry out more than 50%. During the warm season, irrigation is done approximately every other day or every two days.
With the onset of cold weather it is enough watering 2 times a week or even 10 days. But it is important to ensure that there is no waterlogging. Water should not stand on the surface of the substrate or in the pan.
Care allamanda at home involves feeding in a mandatory manner. The plant will be suitable complex universal mineral fertilizers for flowering domestic crops.
Feed the liana begin in the spring with a frequency of once every 20-25 days. In the fall, the interval is slightly reduced, and in winter it is completely stopped.
Allamand at home
Spider mite, mealybug, whitefly - these parasites can attack a tender exotic guest. If you find insects, process the flower as soon as possible. High-speed poison can be bought at any flower shop.
Sick flower, mainly from improper care: drafts, cold, excessive nailing under the scorching sun.
The first 3-4 years Allamand must be replanted every spring. Each time she will need more and larger pot.
When the plant becomes an adult, it is transplanted every 3-4 years.
Liana fit ready-made shop acidic substrate for tropical plants.
Ground mix can be prepared independently:
- Deciduous land - 2 parts.
- Sod land - 1 part.
- Humus - 4 parts.
- Peat - 1 part.
- Sand - 1 part.
At the bottom of the pot a good drainage layer is laid. After transplantation, the substrate is immediately moistened.
Problems with the care of allamanda
- The plant does not bloom for a long time or there are few flowers - lack of light and nutrients.
- The leaves curl - most likely from the heat and heat.
- Lower leaves and stem turn black - overflow of soil, rotting of roots.
- Yellow or brown spots appeared on the leaves - when the flower was under direct sunlight, moisture got on it.
- The leaves began to fall - draft, cold.
- The plant began to wither away for no apparent reason - check the substrate, it is possible that a mealy worm is wound up in it, which lives in the roots.
Slightly capricious allamanda, care at home for which requires a certain attention, it will be fine to blossom and grow only in loving hands. Do not plant this flower if you are not ready to give it time. Those who truly love rare exotic plants, tropical liana will bestow their fragrant beautiful flowers every year for many years.
Allamanda oleandrolist / Allamanda neriifolia
These shrubs grow to almost 1 m in height. Drooping drooping. The leaves of a lanceolate or elliptical shape reach a length of 12 cm and are attached to short petioles, the upper side of the leaf is dark green in color, and the lower side is slightly lighter. Yellow flowers fasten on long pedicels, grow up to 4 cm wide, the corolla tube is swollen at the base.
Allamand laxative / Allamanda cathartica
This curly form is most often grown indoors. It grows in length up to 6 m. The leaves are located opposite, large, elongated-ovate, bald (pubescent only at the bottom of the shoots along the veins), length - up to 14 cm, width - up to 4 cm. The flowers grow on the top of the shoots, large, up to 6 cm wide, funnel-tubular, yellowish, base - whitish.
Little about the plant
Allamanda comes from the tropical zones of America and refers her to the Kurtov family. At its core, it is a vine. But unlike classic vines such as ivy, hoya or stephanotis, allamand looks more like a bush. However, over time, this "bush" can reach grandiose sizes - up to three meters, both in height and in width. In this regard, it is similar to the other room lianas - monsters. As I mentioned above, allamand is not particularly suitable for home growing. Her place in the greenhouse or winter garden. But if you really try, then in the conditions of a city apartment you can create the necessary conditions.
The most common type is considered - "Allamand laxative". Despite this inappropriate name, it is a very beautiful plant. Everything is beautiful in it, both flowers and leaves.
Watering and feeding
In the warm season, watering allamandu must often and abundantly. The earth should not dry out. But at the same time and do not allow waterlogging. Be sure to drain excess water from the pan. Feed the flower preferably every week at regular intervals. For dressing suitable any mineral complex for flowering plants.
Вот здесь и содержится та самая трудность, которая делает уход за алламандой в домашних условиях делом затруднительным. Поддерживать дома постоянную влажность на уровне 60-70% весьма сложно, да и не совсем разумно. Ведь Вам еще жить в этом помещении… Поэтому надо создать для алламанды зону местной, локальной влажности. Для большинства комнатных растений этот вопрос решается просто, обильными и частыми опрыскиваниями. Для алламанды их тоже можно применять, но только в перерывах между цветениями, потому что попадание воды на цветки очень и очень нежелательно. But in addition to spraying, there are many other equally effective ways to humidify the air. Read - "Humidity for indoor plants." There are listed and described the main ones.
Annual transplanting is needed only for young plants. Adult allamanda better not to disturb too often. A single transplant every three years is enough. For transplantation, you can use the usual land for decorative leafy plants. Making a suitable land at home is also easy. Mix the two parts of leafy land, one part of the sod land, humus and peat, half of the sand or perlite.
Proper and timely pruning is the key to allamanda bloom. It should be done at the very end of autumn. All shoots are cut to half.
Note. The plant needs support. His shoots are weak and fragile, so they need to be tied up.
Difficulties in growing allamanda
For a long time does not bloom. Although the reason for the fact that allamand does not bloom can be a lack of light, and depleted soil (lack of essential nutrients), the most likely reason is ignoring the mandatory annual pruning. If allamand is not cut, then even with all the other rules of care, the flowering may not occur.
Allamand leaves begin to curl and grow brown. The apparent failure of temperature. The flower is cold.
Stems are drawn, the foliage thins. There can be two reasons: the flower has not been cut for a long time and insufficient feeding.
Allamanda wilts. Wrong watering. Equally, it can be both overdrying and waterlogging.
Blackening of leaves and stalk rotting. Most often, this phenomenon is associated with improper watering during wintering plants. Excessive watering with cool content can kill any plant! In the initial stage, treatment with a fungicide and movement to a warmer place can help. But it is desirable to be safe and immediately transplant the plant. If the process has gone too far, then it’s not too late, take the cuttings and start growing a new plant.
Allamandra care at home
This flower is quite rare and not everyone knows all the subtleties of his care, unlike the widespread ficus, cacti or geranium. Therefore, it makes sense to dwell on the problems of caring for Allamanda in more detail.
This representative of the American tropics without bright lighting simply can not live. Its place on the windowsills associated with the word south: south, south-west, southeast. She loves direct sunlight, but in the midst of their activity, it is better to flower the flower. She will feel great in the winter garden.
Watering and fertilizer
During periods of maximum temperature, should be organized abundant watering of the plant. In the autumn, it is desirable to reduce watering, but not significantly, and in winter, watering should be rare, as the topsoil dries.
During heavy watering should be controlled so as not to stagnate water in the pan, as excessive watering can harm the plant.
During the period of active growth, and this is March-August, Allamand needs to be fed every week. To do this, apply fertilizer for ornamental plants, which can be purchased at any flower shop.