The Czech Republic is a state in which there is everything for a normal quiet life, including for migrants. Among the advantages, it is worth noting social stability, a well-developed infrastructure, a relatively low level of crime and corruption, and the fact that, thanks to EU membership, Czech citizens, as well as holders of residence permit and permanent residence status, can visit the Schengen countries without a visa. Not surprisingly, such conditions attract the attention of immigrants from different parts of the former Soviet Union, including Russia.
Foreigners in the Czech Republic: the average standard of living, reviews
According to the census, produced in 2011, the number of officially registered foreigners is nearly 450,000. This is three and a half times more than in 2001, when the total number of visitors did not even reach 125,000. In the first half of the “tenths”, the rate of immigration dropped sharply. This was due to the tightening of the legislation, however, serious changes for the better are expected soon. For example, if earlier it was necessary to renounce this status in the home country in order to obtain citizenship, today it is not necessary. Today, about 36,000 Russians live in the Czech Republic (+ 368.5% compared to 2001). The most numerous diasporas are Ukrainians (≈118 000), Slovaks (≈84 500) and Vietnamese (≈53 000).
The average salary in the Czech Republic fluctuates around $ 1,000 per month. The most profitable are the professions related to the financial, telecommunications and IT sectors. There, this figure is nearing the mark of 2 thousand USD. Traditionally, the highest wages are for residents of the capital, who receive an average of 1,335 USD, the lowest salaries for residents of the Karlovy Vary Region (≈945 USD). The official living wage for foreigners is 3410 kroons (≈135 USD), but this amount may vary depending on the marital status. Everyone who lives in the Czech Republic must have legal (permanent residence, employed persons) or contractual medical insurance. The level of hospital services here is quite high, especially in comparison with Russia, Ukraine and other former Soviet republics, but lower than in most Western European countries. For rental housing you need to give from 150-200 USD per month. The average cost of a food basket is estimated at about 200–250 USD, which is one of the lowest in the EU. Prices for clothes correspond to European ones. A single monthly ticket costs 530 kroons (≈21 USD), a liter of petrol is slightly more expensive than one dollar.
Andrei, 38, freelancer, Prague:
In terms of earnings, Czech society is fairly homogeneous - there is no huge gap between the poor and the rich. Most residents can be attributed to the middle class. The amenities that are available in Russia only to wealthy citizens in the Czech Republic can afford very many. I would also like to note a rather low level of aggression and rudeness. This is especially felt during the first two to three months after the move. And here is a very beautiful nature.
Getting a job with a good salary in the Czech Republic is not so easy. First of all, highly qualified specialists (doctors, programmers, engineers), who know the local language well, are in demand on the market. If you have the appropriate education and a good knowledge of English / German, you can apply for some kind of administrative position. Intelligent mechanics, turners, mechanics and electricians are also in demand here. Russians who do not have the status of permanent residence, for employment will also need permission from the Employment Service. An exception is made only for managing clerks. To get the right to work, you will need to submit the following documents:
- copy of passport
- educational document translated into Czech,
- applications from the applicant and the employer,
- statement to the company from the Trade Register,
- the photo,
- a stamp of 500 kroons, confirming the payment of a state fee.
The level of wages is largely determined by the place of work. If in Prague, specialists can earn from 1500 USD, then in a small town somewhere in the north a similar activity is estimated to be two to three times more modest. It is necessary to make deductions from the money earned for medical (4.5% of the total amount) and social insurance (6.5%). Other income, including payments on bank deposits are taxed at 15%.
Those who wish to work, study or conduct business in the Czech Republic often need to undergo nostrification, that is, to receive confirmation of their diploma (exceptions are possible only for graduates of Moscow State University). This procedure is quite simple. The translated and officially certified document is sent to the educational institution, the program of which includes this specialty. After a certain time (usually the waiting period is several months), a certificate arrives with a confirmation of a diploma or a refusal. In the case of secondary education, the request is sent to the local mayor's office.
Olga, 28, employee of a travel company, Pardubice:
It is rather difficult for a foreigner to find a job today, especially on the periphery. Preference is given to local residents, which is quite natural. Applicants who do not have the status of permanent residence, the chances of obtaining a decent job are close to zero, unless it is not about highly qualified specialists for popular professions.
Pensions for Russians
Citizens of the Russian Federation with the status of permanent residence in the Czech Republic, upon reaching a certain age (57 and 60 years for women and men, respectively) are entitled to a pension. To do this, they need to submit to the local social security authorities:
- copy of employment record
- certificate of withdrawal from the pension account in the Russian Federation,
- certificate from the Russian social security services, which indicates the amount of charges and the date of the last pension payment,
- a copy of the diploma / certificate indicating graduation, as well as any other documents that will be required. Everything must be translated into Czech and certified by the official service.
When calculating pensions in the Czech Republic, work experience in the country of residence is taken into account and the pension increases accordingly (the number of years is also summed up)
The waiting period can be delayed up to six months, since the inspection is carried out not only in Prague, but also in Moscow. If the pension is approved, it will be paid from the moment of deregistration in Russia. Its size depends on many factors: length of service, amount of earnings, availability of academic degrees, etc. The national average is about 450USD, so many pensioners are forced to look for additional sources of income. If a person has been working in the Russian Federation all the time, the pension is calculated on the basis of local salaries for similar professions. If, in the presence of Russian experience, a resident of permanent residence is not employed in the Czech Republic, he must still make monthly contributions to the social security fund until the required age is reached.
How are the Russian emigrants
The attitude of the Czechs to the Russians can hardly be called positive, but there is no particular negative either. The events of 1968, memorable for the older generation, no longer cause strong emotions among the majority of young people.. If a visitor behaves adequately, respects the local language and traditions, then he should not have any particular problems with his neighbors and colleagues. Of course, among them there may be different people, but in general, the adaptation is proceeding normally. Attitude towards “persons of Arab and Gypsy nationality” is much worse. As for the conflict between Ukraine and Russia, the indigenous people, as a rule, are not very interesting. Unfortunately, Ukrainians and Russians themselves quarrel more among themselves, and many of them, until recently, were close enough and communicated warmly. If before the beginning of the Crimean events, the Czechs mostly perceived visitors from these countries as one people, now this is no longer the case. In general, it is better to try not to raise the topic of politics once again - except for negative emotions, such a conversation usually leads to nothing.
Reviewed by Nikolay, 46 years old, manager, Ostrava:
It is difficult to say that after the Ukrainian events the attitude of the Czechs to the Russians has changed a lot. There was no great love for us before, as well as some kind of exclusive hatred. There will always be people willing to splash poisonous saliva, but there are many more normal ones. By the way, even attempts to speak Czech, which many of our former compatriots almost negligently neglect, really help to get closer to the locals.
Speaking of communication between former compatriots, it is necessary to note the disunity of the Russian diaspora.
There are a number of metropolitan and regional organizations, each of which positions itself as an official representative of the community. The most famous and powerful is, perhaps, the "Russian tradition". Her activity is to hold various public events (cultural, sports, scientific), publish newspapers and books, and provide comprehensive assistance in contacts with representatives of local authorities. The main financial support for this structure is provided in the form of grants from the Prague Mayor's Office, the Ministry of Education and Culture, and various funds. However, it should be noted that the Russian-speaking residents of the Czech Republic for the most part are not too eager for "organized" communication, preferring to spend time with close friends.
Undoubtedly the most "Russian" city in the Czech Republic is the spa town of Karlovy Vary. Here, a third of the population speaks Russian. But the fact that you very often meet among those having a rest and living, speaking your native language is not the main plus. In Karlovy Vary, you can often see signs in Russian, as well as many restaurants, shops, bars, sanatoriums, where you will not only be understood, but also served in your native language. In general, there are many “Russian-speaking” and Russian in the Czech Republic. Practically in all large cities, passing along the central (and not only) streets, you will meet Russians.
Work in the Czech Republic: where and by whom do the Russians work?
Unlike the list of other European powers, labor immigration to the Czech Republic is very affordable both in terms of cost and labor. For example, in 2015 the percentage of specialists from the CIS was at the level of 23%, while in 2018 this figure rose to 31%. So who are the people who immigrated to the Czech Republic?
The situation with work in the Czech Republic seems quite acceptable. According to the latest data, the unemployment rate is no more than 3%.
The minimum wage is 470 euros per month as of January 1, 2018. At the same time, the average level of earnings after paying the tax burden is approximately 840 euros.
Experienced employees with high qualifications of various professions, regardless of their citizenship, can receive up to one and a half thousand euros after tax deduction. Workers unskilled manual labor receive from 400 to 700 euros.
The highest salaries can boast people who work in the financial sector, engineering, IT. Recently, one can observe an increase in income in the tourism segment.
The maximum wage standard can be seen in the regions of Prague and Brno. The lowest - in the sanatorium areas of the country. The most popular specialists among immigrants are the owners of working professions, workers in the field of construction, information technology, medicine. If you belong to a different work category, then you may have to face difficulties in obtaining a work card.
In order to live and work in the Czech Republic under the new provision on immigrants, you can not apply for a national long-term visa, but simply receive a special document: a labor card.
It is important to understand that getting a job in the Czech Republic without a documentary permit is prohibited. Getting a document is pretty simple. It is issued both independently and through intermediaries.
Immediately it should be noted that while the Czech Republic is not included in the euro zone, so in the cities used Czech koruna. However, in order for prices to be perceived by readers more comfortable and understandable, the cost will be indicated in euros.
Position in the real estate market is favorable for most immigrants. A wide range of rental apartments and houses in the Czech Republic is offered on the websites and in the media. A migrant can search for real estate either independently or by contacting an agency. Of course, it is worth being prepared that housing will be rented reluctantly to a foreigner. In most cases, the owners ask for payment immediately after several months and ask for a certificate confirming regular income.
The approximate price of real estate in the Czech Republic is as follows:
- renting a one-room apartment from four euros per month,
- rent of a two-room property from 700 euros per month,
- Rent a three-room apartment from a thousand euros per month.
Depending on the city, area, and various other factors, prices may vary. Above is the average cost.
Another unpleasant moment to which it is worth being prepared is the overpricing of the purchase of real estate by immigrants. If the seller finds out that you are a foreigner, he can charge up 15-20 percent. On average, for the purchase of a one-room apartment you may need from 100 to 150 thousand euros.
Other expenses in the Czech Republic: transportation, food, entertainment
In order to assess how much money is required for permanent life in the Czech Republic, it is necessary to provide information on the most common items of expenditure. These include:
- bakery products - 0.75 euros,
- dairy products - 1 euro per 1 liter,
- chicken - 5 euros per kilogram,
- chicken eggs - 1 euro for a dozen,
- potatoes - 0.6 euro per kg,
- local cheese production - 6.5 euro per kilogram,
- apples, bananas, cucumbers - 1 euro per kilogram,
- taxi rides - 1 euro per kilometer,
- gasoline - 1 euro per liter,
- public transport in the Czech Republic - 1 euro,
- travel card for one month - 20 euro,
- Internet - 15 euros per month.
This is the average level of indicators for the Czech Republic. Somewhere the cost will be higher, somewhere below. The highest prices can be observed in the capital of the Czech Republic - Prague.
Entertainment in the Czech Republic are a standard set for a European country. These are concerts, cinema, theaters, music festivals, museums. Their cost varies. On average, a ticket to an event can cost from 5 to 20 euros.
Projections of the development of the country, the pros and cons of life in the Czech Republic
It is important to understand that there is no completely perfect state for life. Even the most comfortable countries in the world have both positive and negative qualities. And the Czech Republic in this sense is no exception. In order not to encounter problems in the process of living children, consider in advance all the factors - both advantages and disadvantages. Below we list.
The main advantages for immigrants are:
- Since 2004, the Czech Republic is one of the member countries of the European Union. Therefore, permanent residents of the Czech Republic or foreigners with a residence permit can travel without problems within the Schengen countries.
- Despite the fact that the Czech Republic is one of the countries of the European Union, the cost of real estate here is much lower than in other countries. This can be said about other prices.
- Very little corruption and crime - the country is very safe for living according to statistics.
- Pleasant climate for living, a developed area of tourism in the country. The state has a lot of monuments and attractions, museums, art galleries, architectural objects. You can go to film festivals and music events. The diverse nature of the Czech Republic is surprising: there are beautiful rivers, large-scale forests, clean lakes.
- As an attractive factor, they distinguish the sphere of entertainment, as well as the kitchen - restaurants and bars of the Czech Republic will not leave anyone indifferent.
- It is easy for a specialist of any profession to find a job. In some cases, this may take a longer amount of time.
- Developed level of social, cultural, entertainment infrastructure, excellent level of development of public transport.
- High quality medical care, education, banking.
- A large Russian diaspora that will make the process of integration into the local environment very comfortable and fast.
Possible disadvantages that an immigrant may face:
- Low level of proficiency and application of English. It is necessary to learn Czech.
- High level of bureaucracy in municipal institutions.
- Climatic conditions may seem harsh to someone.
- Many locals call secretive, unsmiling, harsh people. Often, foreigners talk about negative attitudes towards themselves.
Despite the fact that the standard of living in the Czech Republic still lags behind the successful European countries, for example, Germany or Switzerland, the country is very attractive for Russian immigrants.
Здесь идеальное сочетание такого сочетания, как цена/качество проживания, что делает страну оптимальным вариантом для переезда.
Преимущества проживания в Чехии
Сначала стоит рассмотреть плюсы постоянного места жительства в Чехии:
- Низкий уровень преступности. Криминальных районов тут крайне мало, и все они находятся на окраинах, в которые туристы и местные жители забредают редко. The rest of the streets you can safely walk even at night, without fear of being robbed.
- The opportunity to get a good education. Moreover, it is provided absolutely free, even for foreigners.
- The opportunity to purchase any fruits and vegetables, including exotic. On the shelves of markets and supermarkets, they are available almost all year round, and the prices for them can be safely called reasonable.
- Quite affordable property. First, it is relatively inexpensive. Secondly, local legislation does not prevent foreigners from buying housing. Thirdly, Czech banks provide mortgage lending at affordable interest rates. Fourthly, the bureaucracy is less pronounced than in some other countries.
- Relatively mild climate. In winter it is much warmer here than, for example, in Russia. Summer will be appreciated by those who endure the heat badly: it is rather cool and not very sunny. Spring and autumn are pleased with stable weather and comfortable temperatures. But if you prefer bright sun and warmth, then in the summer you will have to go to other countries.
- Nature and architecture. Czech Republic is one of the most popular and beloved countries among tourists, and there really is something to see. Monuments of architecture here are under protection and are constantly being restored, so that locals and visitors could enjoy their beauty. You can see very unusual and creative installations of young creators of art. The nature is also impressive: in the Czech Republic there are a lot of parks and simply beautiful places for family holidays, ski resorts and spectacular landscapes are available.
- Transport. Its urban network is quite developed and represented by various types: metro, buses, trams. Movement is carried out strictly according to the schedule, so any passenger has the opportunity to make a detailed route and even predict the time of stay on the way. In addition, all modes of transport are kept clean and equipped with air conditioning. The fare is acceptable, it is possible to purchase a single ticket and thus save money. In addition, movement between cities and trouble-free flights to neighboring countries are possible.
- Roads. The rules of the road are strictly regulated and therefore respected, and any violations are subject to heavy fines. The traffic is rather calm, traffic jams, if any, are infrequent and small. All participants in the movement are polite both when interacting with each other and with respect to pedestrians. In addition, if you have a driver's license obtained in your home country, you can practically exchange it for a Czech one without any problems.
- Internet shopping. They are very well developed in the Czech Republic: in online stores you can buy any goods, ranging from products to household appliances, accessories and clothing. Delivery is carried out within a few days, and under the condition of low or inappropriate quality money can be returned.
- Opportunity to play sports or just keep active. In the Czech Republic there are a lot of sports clubs or equipped open areas, where anyone can strengthen their body and spirit and practice in the morning or after the work day.
- Promotion of small and medium businesses. If you decide to open your own business, then if you wish and if you have the initial capital, you can do it.
- Pretty high level of medicine. Assistance is provided in a quality, timely and professional manner, and if there is paid insurance, it is also free of charge.
- The absence of an obvious division of society into layers. There are not so many rich people here, and their incomes are not very different from the budget of less well-off people. Probably, such a plus is due to the fact that the Czechs are envious and therefore are simply afraid to stand out and become an object of envy from others.
- Many consider a very lively nightlife a plus: there are really a lot of clubs, cafes and pubs in the Czech Republic, and many work almost around the clock.
Cons of living in the Czech Republic
Now consider all the disadvantages of permanent residence in the Czech Republic:
- If you decide to rent a house, you will face significant costs, since most of the locals are greedy and tend to get as much as possible from the emigrants. Therefore, many seriously minded visitors decide to buy real estate.
- High payment for utilities. The cost of living in a small one-room apartment is comparable to the maintenance of the cottage. But in the payment included a full service and a place in the underground parking.
- The mentality of the locals. First, they are neutral, and sometimes even aggressively disposed towards visitors. Emigration is an incomprehensible and sometimes unacceptable phenomenon. Secondly, some Czechs consider their neighbors Ukrainians and Russians impolite, unbridled and arrogant. Thirdly, the locals are extremely isolated, unfriendly, uncommunicative and envious.
- The language barrier. It would seem that the Czech belongs to the same language group, but in fact the speech of the locals is very different from the Ukrainian and Russian, and most of the visitors are incomprehensible. Other languages Czechs practically do not know, and learning their native is not as easy as it may seem at first glance. If you try to explain something with gestures, you are unlikely to want to understand and take it seriously.
- Lack of some products. For example, in the Czech Republic you are unlikely to find familiar and favorite dumplings, ready-made cakes. The choice of fish and quality meat is also small. The situation with natural products is not the best: local producers try to save in every possible way and use various additives.
- Job. Find her newcomer is not as easy as we would like. Although foreign diplomas are accepted here, but some professions are not developed, and there are few really worthwhile vacancies. In addition, many employers are skeptical of immigrants and prefer local applicants. And, finally, the envy of the Czechs often causes them to build intrigues, weave intrigues at work and literally “survive” diligent and hardworking employees.
- Not the highest standard of living, especially in comparison with more developed European countries. Although the local currency is fairly stable, it is not very high. And the average salary in the country can not be called decent.
- Expensive medical care. Many, having learned how much medical insurance costs, decide to abandon it and rely on their health. Comprehensive service is really expensive, especially when it comes to children (the cost can reach 500-600 euros per year, which is not available to everyone). In addition, there are other difficulties in the field of medicine: pharmacies only work until a certain time, so it is not possible to purchase medicine that suddenly ended at night. And many drugs are sold only by prescription.
- Czech laws are extremely loyal to visitors: emigrants are oppressed and discriminated against in every way, so they often encounter problems, and in certain cases they cannot defend their rights (in some areas of life they are severely affected). Getting Czech citizenship is not as easy as we would like.
- Inexpensive alcohol and partial legalization of drugs. For these reasons, fans come to the Czech Republic to drink and have fun. Especially a lot of people come here during periods of various festivals and other noisy events.
- Although it is quite possible to open your own business in the Czech Republic, it is extremely difficult to conduct and develop it, since the local people are rather greedy, especially in relation to visitors. Therefore, the Czechs prefer to cooperate with local businessmen and not pay extra money.
- If you are used to dress fashionably, then in this country it is very difficult to comply with world trends: there are few beautiful things in local stores, and most of them are quite expensive. Therefore, all Czechs dress up dull, gray and monotonous.
- The high cost of mobile communications. If on duty you have to frequently make calls on a cell phone, then the payment of calls can hit hard on your budget. And it is costly to call relatives abroad.
- Many tourists note that it is very dirty and unpleasant to be in local bars and pubs.
If you decide to move to the Czech Republic for permanent residence, now you can appreciate all the disadvantages and advantages of living in this country and make the right decision.
Annoying little things
So, the consolidated list:
- Few convenience stores, even pharmacies, as a rule, do not work 24 hours a day and with weekends.
- There may be problems with medical care - it is not always possible to get insurance, it is often necessary to contact paid institutions.
- In 2011, there was some tightening of immigration laws. However, everything is still real.
- Rarely goes public transport on weekends.
- High tariff for mobile communications.
- Many people do not like summer - “mild climate” means often rainy summer.
- Low interest on deposits in Czech banks (back side of available loans
- The need to know Czech well.
As for the last point ... It is in the poor knowledge of the language that all problems associated with psychological adaptation are rested. Immigrants for the most part speak Czech in some way, and it is logical that the locals do not understand them.
Misunderstanding hinders the establishment of normal relations - both personal and business.
Make a conclusion
Honestly, special problems could not be found. Most people complain about xenophobia (the negative attitude of Czechs towards migrants), the difficulty of finding a job and the like.
All this - and everyday rudeness, and difficulties with good work - is everywhere. And in Russia, and in the Czech Republic, and anywhere.
Challenging the climate also does not seem serious, for example, those who come from Siberia. You can also invest money in foreign (or even Russian) banks.
Perhaps the only “real” trait that repels is some medical problems. And then - everything is not as bad as they say the Russians have moved.
If you know other flaws - real, real - write in the comments!