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The tree of kings is called Cordilina. There is such a legend, once the king went on a hunt, chased a roe, fought off his companions. And then the horse also dropped it and disappeared in an unknown direction. The roe darted away, but, out of nowhere, a lion appeared.

A huge beast literally dripped hungry saliva from its mouth. The king had no choice but to rush to a tall tree and start climbing it.

But the predator did not intend at all to miss the tasty prey, which can be said to have already been in his teeth, and reached after the young king. And then the tree took pity on the man and began to drop one after the other leaves, like dead stages, and soon turned into something like a tall palm tree with a smooth trunk.

Leo had to accept and leave to look for food in another place. And the king was soon found by his retinue, helped to descend from the tree, which was then called the Tree of Kings.

The Latin name is Cordilina - Cordyline comes from the Greek word kordylle and translates very prosaically - a knot, a bump. It is given to the plant because of pineal swollen roots. Cordilina - Cordyline - evergreen tree or shrub from the family Agave. True, the last time it began to be attributed to the family dracenovyh.

In the world there are about 20 species of this plant.
Cordilina has a thick, fleshy tuberous rhizome. On the cut is white.

Cordilina in the wild can grow a tall tree. Its leaves on the cuttings resembling green swords are gathered above in a dense crown.

The leaves are most often green, but may have cream, yellow and red stripes and spots. The leaves are pronounced central vein. With age, the leaves fall off and traces remain on the trunk. The flowers are white, red or purple in the inflorescence of the panicle. The fruit is a three-capsule box, in each nest from 6 to 15 seeds.

Homeland Cordilina tropical and subtropical forests of India, Malaysia, New Zealand, Polynesia, Australia, Brazil, Africa.

In room conditions, Cordilina, as a rule, does not grow above 1 meter and in appearance resembles a miniature palm tree.

Cordilina grows slowly and lives long.
This plant does not require special care and, following certain rules, any amateur can grow it.

Cordilina loves good lighting, but despite the fact that it grows in nature in southern forests, she prefers diffused light, direct sunlight is harmful to her, so experts advise placing it on the eastern and western window sills.

In winter, it can be put on the south window, and in the summer it is sure to shade. Cordilina with a colorful leaf color requires more light than a plant with just green foliage.

The air temperature in the room where Cordilina is located should not exceed +23 degrees. And in the winter it is enough for it + 7-10 degrees.

The temperature should be reduced gradually in the fall, since the Cordilins do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. They do not like drafts.

In the spring and summer, the Cordilians irrigate abundantly as the topsoil dries, and in the fall and winter moderately. The narrower the leaves of the Cordilina, the more moderate the water they need. If the plant overwinters at low temperatures, then you need to water it quite a bit. Water before watering should be defended for two days. When watering, you need to try to get water only on the soil.

Cordilins are not too demanding of air humidity, but they should not be placed near batteries or other sources of heat.

They are sprayed from time to time, and in the heat every day by settled water from a spray bottle. Leaves also need to wipe with a damp soft cloth or sponge. You can put water plants near the plants.

Feed the Cordilians begin in the spring and continue feeding until the fall - once a week with complex fertilizers for leafy plants sold in the store. In winter, fertilizing is reduced to 1 time per month. When wintering in a cool room, top dressing is not needed at all.

Cordilins are transplanted in the spring, young plants annually, adults as needed, that is, when the roots fill the entire pot. At the bottom of the necessarily need to pour drainage in the form of tracing paper, broken bricks. Good to add pieces of charcoal. The soil consists of a mixture of garden soil, peat and sand in a proportion - 3: 1: 1. Or from a mixture of leaf earth, humus, peat and sand in equal parts.

Cordilin propagated by seed, cutting and division of rhizome. The latter method is the easiest, since the seeds do not always germinate, plus the plants can grow from them completely unlike those from which the seeds were collected. So, what is easiest and safer to reproduce by dividing the rhizomes.

In spring, the adult plant is divided into parts and placed in an earthen mixture.

When propagating by grafting, semi-lignified shoots are used, which are divided so that from two to four nodes remain on each stem.

You can take cuttings from the tip of the plant. They are rooted warm in a light substrate of a mixture of humus, peat and sand, or simply in the sand, covered with a can. Cuttings should be regularly sprayed. The bank must be removed for airing every day.

Roots are formed, as a rule, within a month, if the temperature in the room is not lower than + 25C. After that, the plant is planted in permanent pots.

During reproduction by dividing the rhizome, many flower growers also plant plants in the same mixture as cuttings, previously, cutting off the roots.

After the real roots appear, they plant the plants in a permanent place.

If you really want to try to grow Cordilina from seeds, they are sown on the same substrate in early to mid-March. Shoots begin to appear, according to experienced growers, after about 1 month.

Cordilins can be attacked by flaps, which are removed manually, and the plant is gently washed, after covering the soil with polyethylene.

With the defeat of a spider mite, the plants are wiped with a soapy sponge, then washed.

Dry spots on the leaves can appear from sunburn, so you need to make sure that the plant is not under direct sunlight.

If the plant lacks moisture in the air, the edges of the leaves turn brown. That is, do not forget to spray and wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.

Excessive irrigation can stalk the cordilins. In this case, the only way to cut the plant and root the top. And do not be zealous with watering, if the top layer in the pot is wet, then it is not necessary to water.

If Cordilina is cold, then its leaves become soft and curled.

The leaves turn yellow from a lack of moisture in the environment and a lack of nutrients in the soil.

Mages say that the Cordilians are great peacemakers and create an aura of love and harmony in the house.
Parapsychologists say that in offices where cordyline grows there is much less quarrels and gossip.
And if you stand or sit near a pot of cordina, peace will reign in the soul.

Tree of kings

The tree of kings is called Cordilina. There is such a legend, once the king went on a hunt, chased a roe, fought off his companions. And then the horse also dropped it and disappeared in an unknown direction. The roe darted away, but, out of nowhere, a lion appeared.

A huge beast literally dripped hungry saliva from its mouth. The king had no choice but to rush to a tall tree and start climbing it.

But the predator did not intend at all to miss the tasty prey, which can be said to have already been in his teeth, and reached after the young king. And then the tree took pity on the man and began to drop one after the other leaves, like dead stages, and soon turned into something like a tall palm tree with a smooth trunk.

Leo had to accept and leave to look for food in another place. And the king was soon found by his retinue, helped to descend from the tree, which was then called the Tree of Kings.

The Latin name is Cordilina - Cordyline comes from the Greek word kordylle and translates very prosaically - a knot, a bump. It is given to the plant because of pineal swollen roots. Cordilina - Cordyline - evergreen tree or shrub from the family Agave. True, the last time it began to be attributed to the family dracenovyh.

In the world there are about 20 species of this plant. Cordilina has a thick, fleshy tuberous rhizome. On the cut is white.

Cordilina in the wild can grow a tall tree. Its leaves on the cuttings resembling green swords are gathered above in a dense crown.

The leaves are most often green, but may have cream, yellow and red stripes and spots. The leaves are pronounced central vein. With age, the leaves fall off and traces remain on the trunk. The flowers are white, red or purple in the inflorescence of the panicle. The fruit is a three-capsule box, in each nest from 6 to 15 seeds.

Homeland Cordilina tropical and subtropical forests of India, Malaysia, New Zealand, Polynesia, Australia, Brazil, Africa.

In room conditions, Cordilina, as a rule, does not grow above 1 meter and in appearance resembles a miniature palm tree.

Cordilina grows slowly and lives long. This plant does not require special care and, following certain rules, any amateur can grow it.

Cordilina loves good lighting, but despite the fact that it grows in nature in southern forests, she prefers diffused light, direct sunlight is harmful to her, so experts advise placing it on the eastern and western window sills.

In winter, it can be put on the south window, and in the summer, by all means pritenyat. Cordilina with a colorful leaf color requires more light than a plant with just green foliage.

The air temperature in the room where Cordilina is located should not exceed +23 degrees. And in the winter it is enough for it + 7-10 degrees.

The temperature should be reduced gradually in the fall, since the Cordilins do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. They do not like drafts.

In the spring and summer, the Cordilians irrigate abundantly as the topsoil dries, and in the fall and winter moderately. The narrower the leaves of the Cordilina, the more moderate the water they need. If the plant overwinters at low temperatures, then you need to water it quite a bit. Water before watering should be defended for two days. When watering, you need to try to get water only on the soil.

Cordilins are not too demanding of air humidity, but they should not be placed near batteries or other sources of heat.

They are sprayed from time to time, and in the heat every day by settled water from a spray bottle. Leaves also need to wipe with a damp soft cloth or sponge. You can put water plants near the plants.

Feed the Cordilians begin in the spring and continue feeding until the fall - once a week with complex fertilizers for leafy plants sold in the store. In winter, fertilizing is reduced to 1 time per month. When wintering in a cool room, top dressing is not needed at all.

Cordilins are transplanted in the spring, young plants annually, adults as needed, that is, when the roots fill the entire pot. At the bottom of the necessarily need to pour drainage in the form of tracing paper, broken bricks. Good to add pieces of charcoal. The soil consists of a mixture of garden soil, peat and sand in a proportion - 3: 1: 1. Or from a mixture of leaf earth, humus, peat and sand in equal parts.

Cordilin propagated by seed, cutting and division of rhizome. The latter method is the easiest, since the seeds do not always germinate, plus the plants can grow from them completely unlike those from which the seeds were collected. So, what is easiest and safer to reproduce by dividing the rhizomes.

In spring, the adult plant is divided into parts and placed in an earthen mixture.

When propagating by grafting, semi-lignified shoots are used, which are divided so that from two to four nodes remain on each stem.

You can take cuttings from the tip of the plant. They are rooted warm in a light substrate of a mixture of humus, peat and sand, or simply in the sand, covered with a can. Cuttings should be regularly sprayed. The bank must be removed for airing every day.

Roots are formed, as a rule, within a month, if the temperature in the room is not lower than + 25C. After that, the plant is planted in permanent pots.

During reproduction by dividing the rhizome, many flower growers also plant plants in the same mixture as cuttings, previously, cutting off the roots.

After the real roots appear, they plant the plants in a permanent place.

If you really want to try to grow Cordilina from seeds, they are sown on the same substrate in early to mid-March. Shoots begin to appear, according to experienced growers, after about 1 month.

Cordilins can be attacked by flaps, which are removed manually, and the plant is gently washed, after covering the soil with polyethylene.

With the defeat of a spider mite, the plants are wiped with a soapy sponge, then washed.

Dry spots on the leaves can appear from sunburn, so you need to make sure that the plant is not under direct sunlight.

If the plant does not have enough moisture in the air, then the edges of the leaves

turn brown. That is, do not forget to spray and wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.

Excessive irrigation can stalk the cordilins. In this case, the only way to cut the plant and root the top. And do not be zealous with watering, if the top layer in the pot is wet, then it is not necessary to water.

If Cordilina is cold, then its leaves become soft and curled.

The leaves turn yellow from a lack of moisture in the environment and a lack of nutrients in the soil.

Mages say that the Cordilians are great peacemakers and create an aura of love and harmony in the house.

Parapsychologists say that in offices where cordyline grows there is much less quarrels and gossip.

And if you stand or sit near a pot of cordina, peace will reign in the soul.

Cuban king

Cuban mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)

Mahogany stud synonymous with luxury since the English furniture makers Chippendale, Heppluite and Sheraton drew attention to this wood at the end of the XVIII century. Easy to process, it was ideal for those times when only hand tools were available to the carpenters, and it was perfectly suited for the complex carved decorations of expensive furniture. And its rich pinkish-beige color, which darkens over time and acquires red iridescent shades, consolidated its superiority, reflected in the common epithet “tree of kings”.

These classic masters preferred to deal with the Cuban mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni), and for good reason. This breed was unsurpassed in almost all areas related to woodworking. Ship masters were delighted with the wide boards that were stable and resistant to decay. Furniture makers liked the density of the material, perfectly perceiving any finish. And buyers all over the world admired the rich color. But his popularity was the cause of his death, when in the middle of the XIX century. these trees were almost completely felled, and the commercial use of the breed ceased. The king is dead. Today's mahogany reserves are scarce, supplies are limited by the volume of sanitary cuttings and minor plantings on islands in the South Pacific, where the trees came a hundred years ago with Spanish missionaries. But the demand for royal wood is still not declining, and this has led to a search for substitutes, so the forest traders quickly offered alternatives.

Virtues

  • Exceptional stability
  • Decay resistance
  • Easy to handle with manual and mechanical tools, great for carving

disadvantages

  • Rarity and high price

Honduran mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)

Heir from honduras

It is logical to assume that the next of kin should be the heir to the royal throne, and that, fortunately, there is - this is the Honduran mahogany (Swieteniamacrophylla). He also belongs to the genus Swietenia, therefore, like Cuban, deserves the honor of being called “real mahogany”, and not only by right of kinship. The Honduran mahogany has all the outstanding properties of its older brother, differing in its hardness (slightly softer), texture (its pores are slightly larger) and color (the color is lighter with the predominant red hue).

Unfortunately, due to uncontrolled logging, the Honduran mahogany has also become a scarce commodity, and export volumes of this wood are very small. Nevertheless, Keith Stephens, owner of Woodworker Source, a trading company, claims that sales of Honduran mahogany have increased in recent years due to high demand in the expensive real estate market. “If you want to make something of real mahogany, now is the time to do it,” he says. “I (the price has remained stable for several years.”

Worthy

  • Exceptional stability
  • Decay resistance
  • Easy to handle with manual and mechanical tools, great for carving

disadvantages

CROSS FIBERS

Family attribute of the noble Sapele family (Entandrophragmacylindricum) также имеет древесину с чередующимся направлением волокон, которое внешне проявляется в характерном рисунке из полос с переливающимся блеском. Часто его можно обнаружить в партиях досок африканского махагони, но сапеле выделяется среди своих собратьев темно-красным цветом и внешней привлекательностью. Use sapele in designs to create color accents and elements with a pronounced texture. Treat this wood in the same way as other species with a crooked and patterned texture, removing material in thin layers and reducing tool sharpening angles to avoid chipping.

Virtues

  • Beautiful textural drawing of iridescent stripes
  • Characteristic brilliance that creates the illusion of volume

disadvantages

  • Propensity to chipping
  • Distant resemblance to the present mahagoni

African mahogany (kaya) Khaya ivorensis

African competitors rush to the throne

In the face of uncertainty about the price and affordability of the Honduran mahogany trade offers several African species to replace the royal timber. Like the species of the genus Swietenia, these three tree species belong to the family MeNaseae, what allows to consider them as relatives of the present makhagoni.

Khayaivorensis It is often sold under the name of African mahogany, and this breed plays a leading role in the market for substitutes for real mahogany. It is similar in color to real mahogany, but other properties are noticeably different. Characteristic layers with alternating direction of fibers (see figure) will certainly declare themselves. In both manual and machine processing, it is almost impossible to guess how the fibers are arranged.

Virtues

  • External similarity with these rocks mahogany
  • Low price and availability

disadvantages

  • Fleecy
  • Large pores that impede threading and finishing
  • The difficulty of processing planing due to the alternating direction of the fibers

Sipo utili (Entandrophragma utile)

Sipo (Entandrophragmautile), often sold under the name utili, unlike its African relatives, it has a fine texture with less pronounced stripes and is processed almost as easily as American mahogany breeds. Dark wood sipo resembles darkened furniture from royal mahogany. These advantages, combined with a low price, are an important competitive advantage of sipo over others behind the current mahogany, especially because of the growth rate of trees of this breed.

Virtues

  • It is easily processed by mechanical and manual methods, well suited for carving
  • The similarity with the darkened wood of the present mahogany
  • Low price

disadvantages

  • Less available than other African substitute breeds of the present mahogany

Other contenders for the crown

The special status of the "tree of kings" provokes sellers to glue labels with the inscription "mahogany" on many breeds that have only a remote resemblance to the royal wood.

The Philippine mahogany (in fact, so called at once several types of trees from the roll Shorea) often sold under the name lauan. This trade name has been used for a long time, therefore it is approved for use. Asian breed is widely used for the manufacture of veneer, cheap varieties of plywood, door linings and trim parts. But one should not rely on the presence in the title of the word "mahogany", since lauan is significantly inferior to the real mahogany in stability and resistance to rotting, and also has a more coarse texture.

Mahogany santos (Myroxylonbalsamum) and the so-called "royal" mahagoni (Pithecellobiumarboreum) due to exquisite appearance are widely used in the manufacture of parquet. But they owe this, basically, to their hardness, and if we compare them with real mahogany, the similarity can be found only in color. Other properties of these rocks are significantly inferior to the "royal wood."

Features of growing

How to grow a “tree of kings” at home? Cordilina requires the creation of certain conditions:

  1. Where to put the pot? An ideal place for it will be the window sill of the east or west window. But you should protect the plant from drafts, they are harmful.
  2. Lighting. Although in nature Cordilin grows in the hot tropics, it does not tolerate direct sunlight. She needs a diffused light, but sufficient, so that the shadow also does not fit, it can adversely affect the appearance. Moreover, species with variegated leaves need more abundant illumination than green ones. And in winter or in cloudy weather, artificial lighting, such as fluorescent lamps, can be used to eliminate the shortage.
  3. The soil. Cordilina will grow normally in weakly acidic soil with an acidity level not higher than 6 pH. For example, you can prepare a mixture of hardwood humus, top peat and coarse sand. You can also mix together one part of sand and peat, as well as three parts of garden soil.
  4. Temperature mode. Cordilina feels comfortable at a temperature of from 20 to 25-27 degrees. In winter, subtropical species become dormant, and for this period the temperature should be reduced to 7-10 degrees. But tropical species are more thermophilic, so that in the cold season they will feel comfortable at 15-18 degrees Celsius.
  5. Optimum humidity should be high enough, and to ensure it, firstly, in no case put the plant near heating appliances and air conditioners, secondly, spray leaves regularly (periodic wiping with a damp, soft rag will also be appropriate) Third, put a container of cordina on a layer of pebbles and moisten it.
  6. Watering should be done all year round, but still it should be moderate. So, in the summertime, it is necessary to ensure the supply of moisture about two to three times a week, that is, after the soil dries out, and it is important not to overwet it, this can destroy the plant, leading to rotting of the roots. In winter, watering is reduced to once in 5-7 days, this will be enough.
  7. Transplanting is necessary for proper development of the roots, and if they take up most of the capacity, this indicates that the cordidin has become cramped in the old pot. In general, it is desirable to transplant young plants annually, and one transplant per two or three years is enough for adults. It is best to carry out the "relocation" in the spring, and to prevent overwetting and rotting of the soil, you can add a bit of broken brick or charcoal to the soil.
  8. Top dressing. In order for the “tree of kings” to have enough nutrients, it must be fed regularly. And for this suitable complex fertilizer for deciduous plants, which must be applied in spring and summer once every 1-2 weeks. In winter, one supplement per month is enough.

How to propagate the plant?

If you are interested in how to grow a plant from scratch, you can multiply it in three main ways:

  • Seeds. This method is suitable only for the original varieties of Cordilina, and not artificially derived. Seeds should be placed around the beginning or middle of March in a mixture consisting of equal parts of turf and sand. Shoots will appear gradually: you will see the first after a few weeks, and the last - only after two or three months.
  • Cuttings. Shoots can be taken both from the bottom leafless part of the trunk, and from the top. But in any case they must be strong and semi-woody and have at least one knot. The shoots need to be planted in a mixture of peat, leaf soil and sand, constantly sprayed and kept at a temperature of 25-30 degrees, only then the cuttings will be able to root properly.
  • Division of the roots. It is necessary at the base of the rhizome to separate a few roots, processes and place them in the soil in which the cuttings root (it is described in the previous paragraph). When the site begins to actively develop and show escape, it can be landed in a permanent container.

Possible problems

Problems may occur when a plant is infected with parasites or diseases, or if improper care is provided. They may be as follows:

  • If the tips of the leaves have become dry and have acquired a dark shade, then this may indicate a lack of moisture, that is, excessively dry air.
  • Brown specks on the surface of the leaves - a clear sign of lack of moisture.
  • If the leaves suddenly turned yellow, then this may be due to dry air or a lack of certain nutrients.
  • If the plant starts to dry out, it is possible that direct sunlight hits it, or the lighting is excessive.
  • If the leaves began to curl, then the whole thing is in the wrong temperature, for example, in raising or lowering it, as well as in sudden drops.
  • Falling of the lower leaves is a normal process, especially at home.
  • If holes or gray spots appear on the surface of the leaves, this may indicate infection with parasites such as scutes, spider mites, mealybugs, or whitefly.
  • The rotting of the lower part of the stem can be a signal of soil moisture.

Let the "tree of kings" grows and pleases you, but for this, take care of it correctly!

Grow big and branched: care for the money tree

First of all, we go to friends, relatives, acquaintances and anonymously steal a shank of a fathead. Or, we steal a couple of leaves at work: very often this plant decorates the interior of offices. They say that such a beginning guarantees an excellent growth of the money tree and an increase in your budget.

Then we bring the “golden” cutting home, we dry it for a couple of days. The pot in which we will plant the bastard should be quite deep and heavy. As the land is ideal mixture for cacti. It will take more sand and brick dust. At the bottom must lay out the drainage.

So what is next…. Leave our money tree alone. Let your health grow, only as it grows, we pinch off the lateral processes. When the tree reaches about 20 cm, to form the crown, pinch its top. Then the side shoots will grow into growth, and we will get a volume beautiful top.

So that the money tree does not turn pale and drop leaves, put it on the sunniest place in your house. With the onset of winter, it is better to transport the plant to a cool place, for example, to a loggia, where the air temperature is about five degrees. Crassula should be watered once every three weeks, and with the onset of spring 1-2 times a week, and once a month to arrange a warm rain.

And if you want to plant a few Oleans, multiply the plant is not difficult: you can do this with both leaves and cuttings. In any case, there is one rule - first dry, and then immediately land on the ground.

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