Calendula - one of the most unpretentious flowers. It can be found on the most unsuitable for growth soils. Or even in uncultivated territories. Its bright color uplifting. The plant itself has a truly miraculous power.
Calendula - unpretentious yellow garden plant. From spring to late autumn, it is pleasing to the eye with abundant flowering in flowerbeds. And also in the front gardens, on the garden and garden plots. His second name is Calendula. In the morning, as if telling about the beginning of the day, the buds of marigolds open. In the evening - closed. Calendula is known not only as a beautiful decorative flower. But also as a remedy for many ailments.
The chemical composition of calendula officinalis
Calendula inflorescences collected in baskets have miraculous properties. They contain organic resins and acids, volatile, essential oils, carotene and carotenoids, albumin.
Calendula is full of vitamins. Especially a lot of vitamin A and C. Useful properties and benefits of calendula for the body has expectorant, diuretic and choleretic properties. It also treats stomatitis, periodontal disease and staphylococcus, fights against heart diseases. It is used in case of sore throat and pharyngitis, cancer prevention. It also treats gastritis and stomach ulcers, normalizes uterine bleeding. Relieves inflammation in thrush, heals skin diseases, brightens freckles and age spots, improves the condition of hair and skin, heals wounds and burns, improves overall tone, and soothes.
How useful calendula for women
Calendula normalizes uterine bleeding, relieves inflammation in thrush. Marigolds are taken for menopause as sedative.
Recipe: 2 tsp. dry flowers fill with 2 cups of boiling water. After 2 h, strain. The tool should be taken half a glass 4 times a day.
The benefits of calendula oil
Calendula is very widely used both inwardly and externally. It perfectly heals wounds, bruises, burns, insect bites. As well as damage to the nipples in lactating mothers. Calendula oil fights against skin diseases: rashes, boils, acne. It is used to protect against UV radiation and massage treatments for the treatment of rosacea and varicose veins. Inside, calendula oil is taken at elevated pressure, stomach ulcers and problems of the gastrointestinal tract, migraine.
Calendula oil at home
The product is obtained from the flowers of the plant. They are poured with olive oil and insist for 20 days.
Calendula in traditional and traditional medicine
In traditional medicine, calendula drug preparations are used to treat the central nervous system, blood vessels. Calendula increases tone, has a calming effect. Introduced intravenously. Its bactericidal properties are used in the treatment of stomatitis and staphylococcus, non-healing wounds.
In folk medicine, calendula is used in the form of decoctions, tinctures, ointments. Tincture gargle with pharyngitis, sore throat. Calendula decoction helps with airway inflammation.
For all diseases, as a rule, take an infusion of calendula. Recipe: 1 tbsp. on 1 glass of boiled water.
Calendula in cosmetology
In cosmetology, calendula is useful and effective in caring for hair and face. And also in the treatment of various skin diseases.
The use of calendula hair
If you regularly use natural shampoo and hair rinse with the addition of calendula, then weak, brittle hair will become shiny and elastic.
The use of calendula for face
Acceptance of tea and medicinal products based on marigolds will have an effective effect in the fight against acne. Marigolds are a good remedy for acne. Compresses with a plant narrow pores. This prevents their pollution and inflammatory processes.
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Useful and medicinal properties of calendula
For medicinal purposes, use leaves, flowers and sometimes roots.
Active substances: alkaloids, lycopene, citraxanthin, kialoxanthin, carotene, rubixanthin, phytoncides, flavochrome, flavonoids, saponins, triterpioli, glycoside calenduloside.
Calendula flowers help with stomatitis, hepatitis, sore throat, periodontal disease, cholecystitis, neurosis,
It has antispasmodic and anticonvulsant action. People believe that calendula helps with the disease of the spleen, crush stones in the bladder, hypertension and cough, stomach cramps, cardiac neurosis, alveolar pyorrhea, burns, for the treatment of wounds, non-healing ulcers and fistulas.
When stomatitis, sore throats, it is recommended to rinse the mouth cavity with calendula decoction. It is also used for eczema, dermatitis, ulcers, and diseases of the gallbladder and liver.
In Bulgarian medicine, calendula is believed to inhibit the development of solid cancer. It is used for breast diseases, skin cancer, and malignant tumors. Also known for use in radiation sickness.
Calendula is used for headache, irritability, dizziness, pain in the heart, insomnia, nosebleeds, as well as memory impairment.
Used as a means of strengthening the hair. It has antimicrobial, astringent, anti-inflammatory, soothing and blood-purifying effects.
Calendula is recommended for colds, diathesis and acne.
Herbal infusions take with eye disease, using as lotion for eyelids.
In the roots is a substance such as calendulazid, which exhibits anti-ulcer properties.
To combat baldness use calendula, pounded with vinegar.
Tincture treats wounds, wipe acne, fistulas, decoctions of flowers - burns, cervical erosion, gingvinitis, trichomonas colpitis, proctitis.
Calendula produces delicious tea, which is useful for stomach ulcers, gastritis, atherosclerosis, liver disease, diathesis and hypertension.
What is this flower?
Calendula useful properties of which are beyond doubt, came to us from southern Europe, from countries with such a warm and comfortable climate. Perhaps it was the abundance of the sun that gave the flowers this intense color. However, despite the previous greenhouse conditions, this plant feels great even in the harsh climate of Central Russia.
Of course, it's best to compare calendula with the sun on the leg. It really looks like this: a bright core and petals-rays around, and from below a long stem (up to 60 cm) with a lot of carved leaves. It is an annual, and it blooms for only one year, but you can admire the beautiful “suns” from early summer to mid-autumn.
This is a very unpretentious flower, and that is why gardeners love to plant it so much in gardens: it looks elegant, the plot is not empty and does not overgrow with litter. And the “harvest” is what! And the seeds for the next year can be collected, and the inflorescences themselves can be dried. But beekeepers love marigolds because the bees can collect a lot of nectar - and, of course, make more honey, which is so nice will drink tea in the winter ...
Secret! Gardeners recommend sowing calendula in the garden - between the beds with potatoes: for some reason, the Colorado potato beetles do not like this neighborhood.
Nails in medicine
And what about the Hippocrates followers, how do they relate to our today's hero? It has long been used marigold medicinal to alleviate various conditions and symptoms of disease. I never bought dried flowers in a pharmacy, I always had my own. But, on the occasion I read on the pharmaceutical packaging:
Let's see what lies behind these common words.
In addition to the above, I will add the following components, thanks to which the healing effect of calendula is created:
- the plant is rich in essential oils, due to which it can affect the emotional state of a person, this property has found application in aromatherapy,
- it is rich in antioxidants
- calendula bitterness - a set of special resins, due to the effect produced, it is widely used in cosmetology.
What can help?
And now I will decipher in more detail the action that is modestly described in the instructions. Traditionally, calendula is used as an anti-inflammatory agent, but this, of course, is not the whole list of its advantages:
- however, the most important property of this plant is antiseptic, thanks to which calendula helps to heal wounds, cuts, relieve pain during burns and reduce their foci, relieve inflammation on the skin of the face, etc., can alleviate the condition for gastrointestinal diseases, gastritis, ulcers, colitis and many others.
- antibacterial effect allows you to use it for diseases of the throat and oral cavity - sore throats, tonsillitis, etc.,
- as a sedative which is beneficial for the nervous system, reduces irritability, is indicated for people with hypertension to normalize pressure,
- the diuretic effect causes the removal of toxins from the body, a beneficial effect on the urogenital system,
- Calendula has found application in gynecology: its properties listed above can help in the treatment of female diseases, because it is not without reason that it is the flower of Our Lady,
- choleretic effect allows you to use this plant to improve liver function and alleviate conditions in diseases of the gallbladder,
Attention! People with hypotension taking drugs on the basis of this plant is contraindicated.
Orange flower is very fond of beauticians. On the basis of decoctions and extracts from it, the industry creates a lot of care products: shampoos, face and hand creams, lotions and tonics ... in short, which is not present with calendula.
At home, doctors recommend using even alcohol tincture to reduce inflammation on the skin of the face: just wipe your face with a cotton pad dipped in liquid twice a day. As a result, she:
- dry the skin,
- will remove redness
- will help pull the dirt out of the pores and narrow them down
- smooth out the manifestations of age spots.
Attention! Any tincture of alcohol is contraindicated for people with sensitive and dry skin! Alcohol is very dry.
If you rub the tool into the scalp, you can very successfully cope with the problem of dandruff and strengthen the hair follicles.
Forms of release
By the way, the pharmaceutical industry practically does not lag behind the cosmetic, also produces a variety of products based on marigolds: ointments, alcoholic tinctures, and even cosmetic oils.
Traditional medicine also offers decoctions and infusions, but the rest, if desired, can be prepared at home. In spite of the fact that all parts of the plant possess healing properties - both roots and stems with leaves, and grass - in medicine and cosmetology, mainly inflorescences and, occasionally, calendula seeds are used.
Tincture on alcohol or vodka has anti-inflammatory and sedative effect. In its pure form, it is used for lotions for cuts, abrasions and swelling. You can smear tincture insect bites - it perfectly relieves itching and reduces irritation.
If you dilute 1-2 tablespoons in a glass of warm water, you get a wonderful solution that you can rinse your mouth with sore throats as a result of a cold and even with stomatitis - calendula will help heal wounds on the mucous membrane.
Women can recommend to use such a solution for douching for thrush and other fungal diseases.
Interesting! There are recommendations to apply douching to patients with female oncological (or rather, pre-oncological) diseases - cervical erosion or myoma. However, there are very contradictory reviews about such a method between the doctors themselves, so if they are used, then only in addition to the main treatment and only after consulting with the attending physician.
Broths for beauty and health
Unlike tinctures, decoctions are used most often inside. For the preparation of a remedy a handful of dried flowers of calendula pour boiling water and leave for a couple of hours. The method of application is extremely simple: one by one (for children) or two (for adult men and women) tablespoons three times a day.
- deal with the symptoms of bronchitis,
- relieves cough by improving sputum
- soothes the intestines and
- normalizes the removal of bile (which, by the way, can be the prevention of pancreatitis).
For the heart, calendula is also useful - it helps to cope with tachycardia and shortness of breath. For this purpose, the decoction is applied according to the same scheme - two spoons three times a day.
Nutritionists say that decoction of marigolds can normalize metabolism. Therefore, hostesses, if you are on a diet, then take a tablespoon before a meal of non-concentrated decoction - you will see how your results will improve.
Interesting! It is believed that the decoction can be an excellent tool for toxicosis. Enough to drink it in a tablespoon every time, as its symptoms occur. However, before using the prescription, do not forget to consult your doctor.
In addition, with conjunctivitis, you can wipe your eyes with a cotton pad dipped in broth, and with barley you can make lotions.
And how do cosmetologists treat this remedy? Imagine, too, positively:
- Rinsing greasy hair after washing will make the hair more shiny, hair will become stronger, the process of sebum production will be normalized.
- When used for the treatment of hair, it is better to mix the marigold with another of the components - sage, mint, hunter or chamomile. The proportion should be 3: 4 parts of another herb.
- And also, on the basis of decoctions they prepare a variety of masks, restoring and strengthening our beautiful curls and body.
About ointments and oils
Marigold cosmetic oil is not a cheap treat. But, there is always a way out, it can be perfectly cooked at home. How to do this, you can find out by watching the video:
How is this oil used? Here, I will tell you, each specialist offers his options:
- Herbalists they light aroma lamps, add them to shampoo or bath,
- Beauticians It is recommended to add to the care products (masks, scrubs, creams), apply on the body, scalp, hair and even ingest.
- Surgeons they offer to use for healing small abrasions, cuts and scratches, cracks on the lips, skin of the hands and feet (can you imagine what this is an indispensable tool in field conditions?).
- Masseurs apply these funds as a massage grease.
- Pediatricians It is recommended to use it to care for the delicate skin of newborns in order to prevent the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria.
At one of the resources I found a very unusual use of calendula. It is used ... as a hair dye and food coloring! Blond hair can be done blond, if you hold them, moistened with strong infusion, an hour under the hood. And if you boil fresh petals in milk, and then knead the dough on it, then the finished pastries will acquire a bright orange color. Or you can chop dried leaves and add them to soups, pilaf and salads as seasoning.
However, this application of our hero is as old as the world. They tinted dishes and even made calendula jam back in the Middle Ages. In the common people, nails were used actively, because at that time they were much more accessible than the noble saffron.
Unfortunately, I learned about such use cases a flower quite recently, and have not yet taken advantage of it. So I tell them to you just for information - for example, I was interested to find out about it. By the way, recipes of liqueur and syrup from marigold are walking around the net. Maybe someday I will try to cook them. What do you think is worth?
Remember the caution
As with any drug, calendula and preparations based on it have a number of contraindications:
- it can harm hypotonia, as it has a tendency to lower blood pressure,
- breastfeeding women are not recommended to use drugs
- children under 12 years old are not allowed to take products with nails inside,
- exacerbations of gastrointestinal diseases preclude the use of calendula,
- Before use, a skin test must be carried out to ensure that there is no allergy.
Well, perhaps, everything that I wanted to tell you today about this amazing sunny flower. Now you know exactly what is useful calendula. And the car will have to be shoved urgently, otherwise you will not ride anymore ...
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Improves the gastrointestinal tract
Calendula tea is extremely useful for those who have problems with the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Calendula protects the intestinal membrane, as well as the stomach, controlling the secretion of prostaglandins E1. It also stimulates the digestion of heavy foods. In addition, calendula can alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of gastritis, stomach cancer, and peptic ulcer disease. By taking a medicinal decoction immediately after a meal, you save yourself from heartburn and other digestive problems.
Calendula also kills bacteria that can cause infections of the gastrointestinal tract. Studies have shown that calendula is perhaps the most powerful herbal remedy for the bacteria that cause diarrhea.
Improves skin condition
Календула содержит каротиноиды, которые действуют как антиоксиданты, улучшая состояние кожи. Настойка календулы лечебной применяется наружно, нужно просто смочить ею ватный диск и нанести на кожу. This remedy deeply cleanses the skin, reduces inflammation. Calendula is added to tonics for oily skin. It gives the skin a healthy look and even the opinion that with its help it is possible to slow down the appearance of wrinkles. Calendula is also used to treat eczema, psoriasis, acne and other skin diseases.
Calendula has powerful astringent properties that help stop any kind of bleeding. Due to its astringent properties, the plant is used to treat minor cuts, scratches, burns, as well as insect bites. Calendula petals are used to prepare healing ointments and tinctures. Along with speeding up the recovery process, calendula also has mild anti-bacterial properties, which helps to avoid infection in the wound. In addition, studies have shown that calendula prevents dermatitis, which are caused by radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer.
Treats diaper rash
Calendula with its regenerating properties can also be used as an excellent remedy for diaper rash in babies. Her anti-inflammatory and cleansing qualities help restore the skin and eliminate any diaper rash and irritation on the baby’s skin resulting from the use of diapers. Calendula has a fairly mild effect, which allows its use for children of any age group.
Women's Health Benefits
An additional advantage of using Calendula decoction is its healing properties for women. Acceptance of such a decoction during periods of menstruation will help to easily reduce spasmodic pain, migraine, nausea, breast tenderness. Due to its therapeutic estrogenic properties, calendula is used in gynecology to restore cycle regularity, as well as to alleviate menopausal symptoms and symptoms associated with menopause. The plant is also used to enhance uterine contractions during childbirth, as well as externally to reduce pain in the nipples during feeding.
Calendula flowers. How to collect? How to dry? How to store?
Calendula flowers can be collected all summer until frost. The strongest useful, healing properties have varieties of bright orange color. It is necessary to tear off only completely blossomed flower baskets. Collect in dry weather.
Collected flowers scatter in a thin layer on the litter and dry in the shade in the air or in a well-ventilated area. It is best to mix them periodically. It is best to keep in linen linen bags or glass jars, tightly closed in a dark cool place.
And the medieval alchemists collected it on a sunny afternoon, exposed it to sunlight in glass containers, and then used the resulting juice for various purposes. For example, for the treatment of wounds and bedsores.
Calendula usually does not cause allergic reactions. And yet, if you are planning a calendula treatment, make sure that you are not allergic. And it is better to consult a doctor, especially if you have a chronic illness. Always start treatment with a very small dosage. See how your body reacts.
Do not use calendula with soothing herbs and preparations. The effect is enhanced.
The main use of calendula tincture for external use is wounds. It is especially good for festering wounds. They are also powdered with dried flowers of calendula flowers.
How can I cook tincture of calendula?
It is prepared from both dried and raw materials. Flower baskets are packed with dishes and filled to the top with vodka. She insists 2 weeks in a dark warm place.
You can prepare the tincture according to this recipe: 2 tablespoons of fresh calendula flowers pour half a glass of vodka (alcohol). Close tightly. Put in a dark place for 7-10 days. Strain and apply. Keep refrigerated.
With hypertension . Take 20 drops three times a day. Improvement in the general condition is noted, headaches are less disturbed, and efficiency increases.
In diseases of the liver, gallbladder, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract . Drink according to the scheme: start with 20 drops. Gradually increase dosage. Bring to 1 tablespoon for 1 reception 2 -3 times a day.
For rinsing for sore throat, stomatitis, for the treatment of wounds, burns, bruises, cuts, with frostbite.
Dilute 1 teaspoon of tincture in 2 cups of water. Make lotions.
Otitis . Buried in the ear tincture of calendula. 6 drops three times a day.
Tincture (decoction) of calendula - There are 2 recipes for making this tincture:
1. 1 tablespoon of dried flowers of calendula pour 1 cup boiling water. Soak everything in a water bath for 10 minutes. To cool. Strain. Take it all in small sips. 1 -2 spoon spoons 3 times a day in the form of heat.
2. I made this recipe: 1 teaspoon calendula flowers pour a glass of boiling water. To sustain all half an hour.
The tincture is stored for 2 days in the refrigerator. Before use, heated. Take in the form of heat.
Use this decoction to gargle with angina. You can also make inhalation with this broth.
If you have poor sleep, irritability and nervousness , then use a decoction of calendula. Drink 1 tablespoon 3 times a day and at night.
In diseases of the liver, stomach Take a decoction in a third glass 3 times a day, half an hour before meals.
Very easy to cook yourself. If you do not want, you can buy at the pharmacy.
Recipe this oil: put fresh flowers in a glass dish (about 3/4). Pour all the good olive oil. All close the lid. Put on 10 days in the cold. Be sure to shake the contents periodically. Then drain the oil, pour into a container and store in the refrigerator.
Where to apply is butter? With all wounds, cuts, bruises, bruises, burns, with problem skin. If you have babies, then this oil is perfect for them. Will help avoid diaper rash. It is also wonderful to lubricate the nipples of the breast feeding mother with such oil. Especially if there are cracks.
With varicose veins and ulcers on the legs - lubricate the veins with oil, impose on ulcers.
When gastritis, colitis, liver disease, menopause, with irritability - apply oil for 1 tsp. 2 times a day for half an hour before meals.
It is not so difficult to prepare such an ointment yourself. Only for this you need suet or petroleum jelly. But the first is better.
Recipe ointment from calendula.
Take half a cup of dried flowers, very well chop them. Mix everything with a glass of lard, put in a water bath for 20 minutes. All must interfere with a wooden spatula. Cool it down. Transfer to a glass jar. Keep refrigerated.
If no fat, you can use petroleum jelly. 1 tablespoon of dry crushed flowers mixed with 4 tablespoons of vaseline. Also in glass containers stored in the refrigerator. But the quality of ointment with fat is much better than with petroleum jelly.
For snacks on the lips, for the skin of the hands, for the care of babies (protects against diaper rash), for any irritation on the skin, for varicose veins.
You can buy calendula and pharmacy. It is sold in the form of filter bags, and in the form of tonic, and in the form of finished tincture, oil.
Tonic for the face to wash.
1 teaspoon dry flower or 1 filter - bag of calendula pour a glass of boiling water. Let it brew for half an hour. Cool it down. Strain. Use for washing. If you like to use ice cubes to rub the skin in the morning, then freeze this broth as well and wipe the skin of the face along the massage lines. Daily procedure Those who have blood vessels close to their faces are not recommended to be cleaned with ice.
Prepare and treat yourself to a homemade calendula sponge.
Take a glass of rolled oats (small). Add there 2 tsp. calendula oil solution (buy ready-made solution at a pharmacy or prepare it yourself). Mix everything. Put it in a linen bag, tie it tightly so that everything does not crumble. Bast ready. You can go to the shower.
Calendula from freckles and age spots.
Squeeze the juice from the flowers (using a juicer or meat grinder). Immediately spread them problem areas. To enhance the effect in the juice, you can add the juice of red currant.
Calendula for acne with problem skin. Calendula ointment.
Calendula ointment is very well used for the treatment of purulent acne. 1-2 tablespoons of dried crushed calendula flowers rub with a nourishing face cream (preferably with a child). Lubricate eels in the morning and evening.
It is also a good idea to prepare a calendula spirit tincture. Pour dry calendula vodka or alcohol. Stand all month. Strain. To alcohol did not dry the skin, tincture before use should be diluted with water 1: 3 and wipe your face every day, morning and evening.
You can also use the recipe alcohol tincture, which I gave at the beginning of the article.
There are a lot of recipes for how to apply calendula at home in video. Everything is very detailed. Who cares, you can see everything here.
My soulful gift for today Philippe Zharuski and Natalie Dessei Offenbach. Barcarol. We recently listened to this barcarol by Anna Netrebko and Elina Garancha. Listen to how this barcarol is performed by French singers. Everything is different. But no less touching. And what musical accompaniment ... Piano and violin quartet.
Talk a little about the singers. Philip Zharuski is a violinist by training, he came to the vocals unexpectedly and not so long ago. He came and won the nomination "Discovery of the Year" in 2004. Then there was a lot of evidence of this. Everyone notes his not quite normal appearance. The journalism with a bit of devilish charm. The repertoire of the singer is mostly Baroque.
Natalia Dessay - elegant coloratura soprano, French singer. In Russia for the first time was at the festival of V.Gergiyev "Stars of the forgotten nights" in 2010. There I heard it and discovered it. Interestingly, Natalia singer, too, was not immediately. At first she studied ballet and acting skills. Only in 20 years her vocal talent was revealed. Now Natalia is in the prime of her creative powers. So, the duet of French vocalists.
These are the recipes I have today. Be healthy, beautiful, happy mood to all and all the best.
Dill. Beneficial features. Application and treatment I can not ignore the fluffy and green in our most season, we all love dill. Which cottage is it not? And he is very unpretentious, and.
Linden blossom. Beneficial features. Application. Went outside. You can not understand where this fragrance? So after all linden blossom. And it blooms only once a year and a fairly short time.
Walnut. Beneficial features. Treatment. Application In my blog, I want to write a series of articles about nuts. We all love them, often buy and apply. I have many recipes like c.
Propolis tincture with milk For adults, propolis tincture will help to cope with stress or insomnia, while propolis tincture with milk is recommended for children to normalize sleep and strengthen the body.
How to take propolis Treatment of diseases such as sinusitis, sore throat, otitis media, prostatitis, diabetes, colitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis, ulcers possible with the use of propolis. Experts advise to learn how to take propolis, to avoid weakness, rash.
Protects skin from ultraviolet radiation.
Researchers have proven that calendula can prevent skin damage by solar radiation. For example, studies conducted in 2010 showed that calendula can protect the skin from UV-induced oxidative stress (a destructive process that leads to various skin diseases and rapid aging).
Treats ear diseases
When combined with various other plant extracts, Calendula can help soothe the pain caused by ear infections. In 2003, studies were conducted that involved 171 children with ear infections, during which scientists found that treatment with ear drops containing calendula, garlic, mullein, tutsan, lavender, vitamin E, and olive oil, significantly reduces pain for 3 days. Such ear drops can successfully replace antibiotics.
Calendula - contraindications
- Calendula has a huge number of useful properties, it helps to cope with many diseases, and almost no contraindications. However, it is not recommended to take drugs with a content of calendula to people with low blood pressure, as well as with exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Before using calendula, you should consult with your doctor, especially if you are prone to allergic reactions or are prone to chronic diseases. If you feel unwell or have allergic reactions (rash, itching, etc.) in the process of using calendula, treatment should be stopped and seek medical help.
What is useful calendula - recipes for effective use
From this article you will learn:
Calendula - one of the mysterious herbaceous plants, whose history goes far into the past year.
Its healing properties have long been successfully used in traditional and traditional medicine.
A few centuries ago, Calendula was considered a kind of talisman against the evil eye and a strong sedative.
Interesting facts about calendula
The first to notice these bright yellow flowers were the ancient Romans.
After brief observations, it was noted that the flower most accurately responds to the sun - it blooms just before sunrise and closes its petals with its last rays.
Later, at the time of Kievan Rus, calendula grass got its second name - marigold, due to the strong similarity of the petals with the cat's claws.
Our ancestors believed in the miraculous power of this plant, and hung out whole bouquets of dried calendula on the door jamb as a symbol of protection from evil spirits.
Queen of France Margarita Valois is famous throughout the world for her love for this flower. She sang a calendula in her novels, for all the holidays the main decoration of the palace was the garland of this plant. You can be convinced of such fanatical love today - the statue of Marguerite Valois is housed in the Luxembourg Garden. And in the hand of the queen a non-replaceable calendula flower.
The main components of the plant
It is on the chemical composition of the plant that its useful properties depend.
Separate sets of trace elements, which are contained in the leaves, petals and other parts of the calendula, have completely different uses.
So, in the flower baskets contain carotenoids and flavonoids, in the inflorescences - polysaccharides, polyphenols, coumarins, essential oils, in the stem and leaves - sterols.
Calcium, magnesium, fluorine and iron are present in a small amount.
These trace elements help to strengthen the immune system, prevent the formation of caries, and have a positive effect on the state of the cardiovascular system.
And now in more detail about each of the biologically active substances presented:
- Carotenoids are pigments that are formed only in plant organisms. Animals need them for the synthesis of vitamin A. B-carotene is the most active.
- Flavonoids are unique phenolic compounds whose main function is protection against destructive and excessive ultraviolet radiation. Also, flavonoids have a positive effect in reproductive processes. They act as antispasmodics, antitoxins, choleretic and antitumor agents.
- Coumarins are trace elements that help to reduce inflammatory processes in the body until they disappear completely.
- Essential oils are semi-liquid compounds with antibiotic and trichomonacid effects. They suppress pathogenic microflora in the body. Interestingly, yellow flowers have an amount of essential oils 30% higher than orange ones.
- Sterols are steroid alcohols, the amount of which reaches the highest concentration during the growing season of the plant. The maximum number of sterols in the leaves - up to 18%. Their structure is similar to cholesterol, but when passing through a human digestive system, sterols contribute to a decrease in cholesterol absorbed from food.
Medicinal properties of calendula - what is useful for calendula?
Calendula flowers are used in folk and traditional medicine due to a wide spectrum of action.
They have anti-inflammatory, analgesic and diuretic effects on the human body, act as a sedative, reduce pressure, relieve spasmolytic attacks of smooth muscles, and even dull the growth and formation of cancer cells.
The most pronounced properties of marigold - bactericidal. Especially good herb copes with staphylococcal and streptococcal infections, and lotions from its tincture are used as a powerful healing agent for rotting wounds, fistulas, and even burns.
Fresh leaves of calendula, crushed to gruel, help the healing of wounds, abscesses, all sorts of inflammation, including corns and warts.
They contribute to the rapid restoration of damaged tissue.
Calendula roots are very rarely used as a medicinal component, but in combination with the flowers of this herb and calamus root, they help in the treatment of eye diseases.
Indications for use Calenuda flowers
Область применения препаратов из календулы достаточно большая.
Сюда относится лечение:
- при заболеваниях ЖКТ: гастрит, язвенные болезни, расстройство кишечника, а также при панкреатите,
- дерматологических проблем: угревая сыпь, прыщи, незаживающие раны,
- in gynecology: problems with menopause, urinary tract inflammation, cervical erosion, thrush, hemorrhoids,
- in dentistry: bleeding gums, caries,
- in oncology: slowing the growth of cancer cells, preventing the appearance of tumors,
- ENT organs: tonsillitis, tonsillitis, stomatitis, gingivitis.
The way in which calendula is used depends on how it is presented.
For example, tinctures and decoctions are taken inside, and ointments and talkers are applied directly to wounds.
Dosage Forms of Calendula
The effectiveness of the same drug in the treatment of various diseases depends on its pharmacological form.
- Calendula Infusion
Infusion of calendula, mainly suitable for wiping irritated, inflamed skin, whitening it from freckles and various pigment spots.
The main area of its application is cosmetology. With infections of the oral cavity is the first antiseptic. It also helps improve the functioning of the digestive system and the liver.
Alcohol tincture of calendula flowers is used to treat severe acne, otitis, but only in adults.
Like a regular infusion, it is suitable for disinfecting wounds, burns, cuts and even frostbite.
Effective with gastritis, disorders of the gallbladder.
It is also indispensable for women with gynecological problems - douching with calendula decoction will help to cope with various inflammatory processes, bacterial vaginosis, cervical erosion, and baths have a positive effect on uterine myoma and even infertility.
For colds, regular inhalations with this remedy are recommended, which are suitable for both adults and children.
It is necessary to store broth in the refrigerator no more than 2 days.
1 tbsp calendula flowers pour 1 cup boiling water and leave on a water bath for 15 minutes, cool to room temperature and drain
- Calendula Ointment and Oil
Calendula ointment quickly heals cracks on the heels, blasts in the corners of the mouth, bruises, reduces bruises.
Calendula oil has a healing healing effect.
And it is also popular in cosmetology as a facial cleanser, and is one of the main components of therapeutic hair masks.
Tea from calendula flowers is recommended to be taken as a prophylactic in the period of acute ARVI.
Properties and methods of application of calendula tincture
The most popular calendula remedy is tincture. It is used in almost all areas of medicine.
Reception methods: external and internal.
External use: various injuries of the skin are treated with a swab moistened with tincture. On deeper wounds are put lotions.
To disinfect the mouth and treat infectious diseases of the oral cavity, an aqueous solution of calendula tincture is used.
Internal use: for treating the gastrointestinal tract, gynecological problems, for the liver and gallbladder, it is recommended to take such a solution regularly: dilute 20 calendula tincture tinctures in 30 ml of boiled water.
Reception period - at least 3 weeks.
Methods for storing and harvesting calendula flowers
Calendula can be harvested and harvested throughout the summer. Cut flowers 1-2 days after full disclosure.
Then they are cleared of leaflets and possible organic impurities and sent for drying.
To dry the harvested calendula flowers in two ways:
- in the attic,
- in a special dryer.
The easiest and most affordable way is a loft or carport. Calendula is laid out in a thin layer on a canvas or paper, regularly turned over to evenly distribute heat and air over the entire surface of each flower.
The dryer is a special vacuum container in which the same temperature conditions are constantly maintained. Ideal for the preparation of medicinal raw materials from calendula is a temperature of 40-45 ° C.
It is recommended to finish the drying process if, as a result of a light finger pressure, the basket of a flower falls into pieces.
On average, this is 4 hours. It is best to store dried calendula in a tin container with the lid tightly closed.
Shelf life - no more than 1 year.
Calendula, like any other medicinal herb, has a number of contraindications for use. They are few, but still:
You can not use Calendula during pregnancy, as it can cause uterus tone, which can later lead to miscarriage.
People with low blood pressure are not recommended to take tincture or decoction of calendula - they contribute to further lowering it.
It is undesirable to combine Calendula plants with a sedative effect. It can enhance their effect.
It is not recommended to use Calendula in the treatment of children under 12 years of age and nursing mothers during lactation.
Calendula rightfully ranks second among all medicinal herbs.
Due to its healing properties, it has a powerful healing effect on the human body.
Select a place in your first aid kit for dry collection of calendula or its tincture - and it will definitely come in handy at the right moment.
Description and photo of calendula
An annual plant Calendula from the Astrov family can be found almost throughout the globe, especially in the temperate climate of the middle zone. Calendula grows in well-lit areas with good moisture, has a direct and branched top stem. In height, the plant usually reaches half a meter, but it can grow a little higher.
The easiest way to recognize calendula flowers - bright yellow or reddish-orange, shaped like flowers of chamomile. Usually the flowers are collected in small baskets, inflorescences. The plant blooms throughout the summer - from June to September, and the seeds mature in October.
The chemical composition of flowers of calendula (marigold)
The flowers of the plant, which are also known as marigolds, have great medical value. This is explained by the composition, which includes:
- tar and bitterness
- saponins and flavonoids,
- volatile and essential oil,
- vitamin C,
- salicylic acid,
- polyphenols and alkaloids,
- fixed oils,
- derivatives of oleanolic acid - triterpene glycosides,
What is useful calendula
Due to its rich composition, the plant has a positive effect on many systems and internal organs of the body. The benefits of calendula for the body is that the plant:
- is a good diuretic and choleretic agent,
- helps with colds - often used calendula for cough, as a means, thinning sputum,
- relieves inflammation and helps with stomatitis, sore throat, periodontal disease and pharyngitis,
- It has a beneficial effect on the stomach and intestines - Calendula is very useful in gastritis and ulcers,
- stops bleeding and heals skin damage,
- increases immune resistance and improves body tone,
- helps in the fight against dermatitis and skin ailments,
- has a lightening effect on the skin when applied externally and removes age spots and freckles,
- strengthens the vascular system and heart.
With regular use, the plant can even serve as cancer prevention - the substances contained in the composition promote healthy cell renewal. Calendula is useful for vision - decoctions and infusions protect the eyes from the development of myopia and astigmatism, quickly eliminate inflammation, reduce harm from constant work at the computer.
Calendula for women
The benefits of calendula for women's health are expressed in the fact that plant-based products stop uterine bleeding and fight inflammation in candidiasis. The useful properties of calendula in gynecology are manifested in the regulation of hormonal levels, the plant has a good effect on the nervous system, it is very useful to use it during menopause.
Calendula for men
For the stronger sex, the plant is valuable in that it strengthens the blood vessels and protects against early heart attacks and strokes. Calendula is highly valued for potency, its useful properties are often used by men beginning to go bald. The medicinal plant strengthens the hair and is responsible for their accelerated growth.
Is it possible to calendula during pregnancy and breastfeeding
The benefits of calendula for a woman’s body in the period of childbearing are manifested in the fact that the plant helps to get rid of toxemia and vomiting, relieves inflammation in the mouth. Marigold flowers strengthen the future mother's immunity and saturate the body with vitamins.
However, the benefits of marigold for the health of pregnant women is manifested only when applied externally. Broths and infusions with increased strength can not be used - they can harm the fetus.
During lactation, the plant is better not to use. Its components in the composition of mother's milk may turn into a harm to the baby, besides they will affect the taste of the milk, and it is possible that there will be problems with feeding.
Is it possible to calendula children
As an external remedy, the plant for children is highly recommended from the first days, as it softens the baby’s skin and helps prevent diaper rash and irritation.
But the internal use of the plant is contraindicated in children up to 12 years, this can be harmful. In case of sore throat and inflammations of the oral cavity, it is permissible to give the calendula to the throat in the form of gargles for the grown-up child, but it must be carefully monitored so that the baby does not swallow the product.
The advantage of calendula decoction inside is manifested in the treatment of gastritis and ulcers, for colds and for preventive purposes. Cooking a decoction is very simple. It is necessary:
- take 2 large spoons of dried flowers,
- pour 2 cups of clean water
- for half an hour to boil on low heat, and then allow the tool to cool and strain it.
You can gargle with calendula several times a day, rubbing wounds and burns with a decoction for decontamination. For internal use, a useful broth is drunk three times a day, for only half a glass per reception.
Calendula Flowers Infusion
Even easier to prepare a medicinal infusion based on the plant. To obtain it, you need to pour a glass of boiling water with 1 teaspoon of flowers, cover with a lid and wait until the product cools completely naturally. After this, the infusion is filtered and taken twice or three times a day for 1 large spoon.
The benefits of calendula infusion are noticeable with cold symptoms. The tool relieves inflammation in sore throat and has a cough expectorant effect. Also, the healing properties of calendula flowers are used as a natural sedative. The plant effectively relieves stress and helps regulate sleep.
A useful drug is an ointment on the basis of marigold flowers. You can not only buy it, but also cook it yourself at home.
- For the preparation of an external preparation, half a glass of flowers is poured with a glass of melted lard or 4 large spoons of vaseline.
- The mixture is then heated to steam for a quarter of an hour.
- Then cool and filter the thick composition.
Homemade ointment well helps with infant diaper rash and dermatitis, its beneficial properties are noticeably manifested in varicose veins. Calendula treatment is recommended three times a day.
Another useful tool that can be prepared at home is an oil based on marigolds.
- To obtain it in a glass jar 3/4 dry flowers fall asleep and pour them with high-quality olive oil.
- The jar is closed with a lid and cleaned for 10 days in a dark, cool place.
- After the flowers are infused in the oil, the medium is filtered and applied externally at least three times a day.
Marigold oil helps in the treatment of all kinds of skin lesions - burns, abrasions and cuts, bruises, edema and bruises. Calendula is used in the form of oil for heels, it promotes the healing of cracks.
An effective remedy with cough and anti-inflammatory properties is a tea based on a medicinal plant. They make it quickly: 1 large spoonful of flowers is poured with a pair of glasses of boiling water, brewed for 10 minutes, filtered and drunk like ordinary tea.
The benefits and harms of calendula tea depend on the dosage. It is recommended to drink it not more often than twice a day, and not longer than a week in a row.
Pharmaceutical preparations based on calendula
Useful properties of the plant have been recognized not only in folk but also in official medicine. In pharmacies you can find a lot of funds for internal and external use, which include marigolds. But the most popular are several drugs containing flowers of the plant.
- Cream and ointment called "Calendula". Pharmacological agent intended for the treatment of wounds, scratches, skin irritations and burns. Effective calendula for hemorrhoids, ointment and cream used in the treatment of frostbite.
- "Calendula-P" - this drug is produced in the form of tablets, it is recommended for admission with inflammation due to antiseptic properties.
- "Kaleflon" - tablets made from the flowers of the plant, assist in the treatment of gastritis, ulcers, liver ailments and biliary tract.
It is necessary to take pharmaceutical means strictly according to the instruction. However, they are released without a prescription, which means that they are practically incapable of harming the body.
Calendula for face
The use of calendula for the face consists in a cleansing and moisturizing effect. In addition, the plant tightens the skin and removes wrinkles. Such a mask is popular:
- 2 teaspoons of dry medicinal raw materials are mixed with a similar amount of honey,
- pour a glass of clean water and mix thoroughly,
- insist for half an hour and put on the prepared skin.
When applied weekly, the mask visibly softens the face and restores skin elasticity. Also helps calendula acne on the face.
Calendula for hair and scalp
For the care of hair, marigolds are used very widely, rinses and masks are prepared from flowers, and calendula is added to regular shampoos. The plant nourishes the hair roots and adds shine to the curls, makes them softer and more obedient, eliminates brittleness and helps fight dandruff and dry skin.
Most often at home apply these recipes:
- when the scalp is too dry, the hair is treated with the beneficial oil from the plant flowers, it is rubbed into the hair roots twice a week 40 minutes before washing the head,
- in the presence of dandruff it is useful to process the hair and scalp with a mixture of medicinal plant oil, burdock oil and egg yolk, the tool will effectively moisturize the epidermis and help get rid of peeling,
- Rinse aid prepared from a decoction of a medicinal plant with the addition of onion juice is used for weakened hair, with regular use the hair becomes strong and shiny.
Calendula for eyelashes, eyelids and eyebrows
The use of calendula hair is that marigolds are able to add volume to the eyelashes and eyebrow hairs, to tone up the sensitive skin of the eyelids. For example, you can use the following tool:
- 10 g of dried flowers mixed with 1 teaspoon of castor oil,
- dilute with 100 ml of water
- mix and distribute for a quarter of an hour on the eyebrows and eyelashes, you can use an old but clean brush from under the carcass.
After a couple of weeks, the effect will become noticeable - the eyelashes and eyebrows will no longer fall out, become thicker and shinier.
It is useful to treat the eyelids with frozen decoction, the product is poured into special molds and cleaned in the freezer, and then used as needed. The properties of the medicinal plant tone the skin, relieve swelling and dark circles under the eyes.
Calendula for nails
The beneficial properties of the plant strengthen the nail plate and effectively soften the skin around them.
- In order for the nails not to crumble and exfoliate, it is enough to make baths for the fingers out of the decoction once every 3 days.
- Also, the nails can be treated with an ointment made from flowers and vaseline - it is spread on the nails, and then they wrap their hands with food film for half an hour or put on latex gloves.
Calendula in cooking
Useful plant is used not only for treatment, it is added to a variety of dishes and drinks for the general strengthening of the body.
- The plant can be found in salads and side dishes, as a spice in soups.
- The flower is added instead of greens to fish and meat dishes, the plant gives the food an original taste.
- The flowers are used in the manufacture of spicy sauces - the plant tells them an interesting aroma and an unusual flavor note.
The harm of calendula and contraindications
The benefits of the plant are so great that it almost does not bring harm. Use drugs from medicinal flowers can not only:
- with hypotension,
- with serious heart ailments
- at the age of 12,
- during pregnancy - only means for external use are allowed.
Also, contraindication will be an individual allergy to the plant - in this case, its properties will cause harm.
Collection, preparation and storage of calendula
In broths, infusions and teas on the basis of calendula mainly use the flowering part of the plant. The collection of nails is carried out during the period of active flowering - from June to September, in clear weather in the morning. Для заготовки сырья лучше всего подходят полностью распустившиеся цветки, причем желательно, чтобы они были крупными и без видимых повреждений.
Dry the plant in a natural way, laying out the raw materials on a flat surface in a shaded place with good access to fresh air. After the flowers are completely dry, they are removed in paper or cloth bags and stored in the dark and cool. Useful properties of dry flowers retain up to 2 years.
The benefits and harms of calendula depend on the correct use of medicines. If you use marigold in small quantities and in the absence of contraindications, they will bring undoubted benefits to health.