Stock-rose, we have more known as a roll, mallow or mallow perennial. Planting and caring for this spectacular plant, familiar to many since childhood, will not be a problem even for the most inexperienced lover.
Charming flower arrangements will transform any garden design. No wonder the mallow has always attracted the attention of poets and artists. For example, in the Japanese temple of Kyoto for several hundred years at the end of spring Aoy Matsuri - Malwa Festival has been held.
Types and varieties of rose stem
When choosing a mallow for your garden, by all means pay attention to the features of the species and variety. They differ not only in color and shape of the flower, but also in height.
- Mallow musk has a delightful smell and amazing resistance to cold, this species will survive even at -35 ° C. Almost all summer, a meter-long bush will be pleasing to the eye with snow-white or pink flowers that reach 5 cm in diameter. If you need moisture-loving plants, White perfection will suit. It is short, its height reaches a maximum of 65 cm. In addition, pay attention to the varieties Innosens and the Pink Princess, they look very tender.
- Malva forest (forest mallow) will surprise with long flowering, the plant will be covered with white and pink flowers until the beginning of autumn. In Moravia variety, on corolla scarlet streaks. Very beautiful Primley Blue variety with bright petals and shoots that spread along the ground. Zebrina deserves the attention, a charming garden form, which received this name due to the purple stripes on the pink rims.
- You can recognize the Moorish Malvais by tall (up to 1.5 m) and bare stems, they are densely covered with flowers placed in the leaf axils. Unfortunately, this species survives extremely poorly when it is cold, therefore it is more often grown as an annual.
- Hybrid mallow - just a great perennial with elegant terry buds pink, scarlet or white. It tolerates cold only up to -15 ° C and in some regions can only be grown as an annual crop. Popular varieties of this species include Powder Puffs, Gibbortello and Chaters Double.
- Malva wrinkled used to be used less often in gardens, but today it is becoming more and more popular. This is a wild species that winters well. Leaves grooved, gray-green shade, flowers bright yellow, up to 10 cm in diameter. Blooms closer to the end of summer and blooms for about 70 days.
Stock-rose will grow well on loose and loamy soil, preferably enriched with humus and with good water permeability. The place is better to choose the sun, protected from cold winds. The stem of the rose will not suffer in the penumbra, but it blooms more abundantly in the sun.
The rose stem needs minimal maintenance - regular watering in moderate volumes (about once a week), loosening the soil (once a month), fertilizer with compost and humus (annual). In a drought without watering, the flowers will quickly fade, but if you overdo it, rust will appear from dampness. If the soil is very scarce, you can make complex mineral fertilizers, but no more than once every 1-2 months.
Too high peduncles sometimes have to tie up, otherwise the wind will break them. As soon as the flowering period is over, it is advisable to trim the stalks and create a mallow cover for the winter. Grow mallow can be directly in the open field or in the greenhouse.
Ways to grow mallow from seed
It is important to bear in mind that after transplantation, long roots are often damaged and the plant adapts very poorly. Therefore, pre-stock peat pots or small containers, then to move the seedlings into the soil with them.
In April-May, seeds are sown in prepared grooves. At a temperature in the range of 18-20 ° C shoots will seem somewhere in 14 days. Then the crops are thinned, leaving 3 cm between the bushes. You can save all the plants, then specimens with three full leaflets dive into the pots and leave to grow further. Planting of the strengthened seedlings for a permanent place is usually carried out in August. The distance between them should not be less than 25 cm, but you should not leave more than 50 cm.
If you want to enjoy the flowering stock of roses already this year, sow the seeds in the greenhouse in early March. Then in May, seedlings are moved to the open ground, however, the bushes will be annuals.
In the open ground
Sometimes flower growers prefer sowing before winter, but it is better to sow seeds in May, when late frosts are not terrible. In small holes (depth up to 3 cm), 2-3 seeds are placed, covered with earth, slightly tamped and watered. After 2 weeks should appear shoots. When the bushes appear on 2 or 3 leaves, you can thin out plantings, leaving the strongest. In the first year a leaf rosette will form, in the second a bush will bloom. If you provide good conditions for a mallow, it will give a good self-seeding, and your plantings will be updated regularly.
Application in landscape design
Looking for the perfect garden decoration? Do not hesitate, choose a mallow or perennial mallow. Care does not take much time, many varieties are characterized by long flowering, and thanks to the magnificent foliage retain decorative throughout the season.
The plant can be planted singly or in large groups, decorate fences, walls, outbuildings, draw a beautiful line in the background, delimit the plot area, emphasize the beauty of shrubs by planting a rose stem on their background. Also excellent are groups with perennials, preferably tall or medium height. Especially if you work with a palette of shades and pick the most impressive combination. Ideal for mallow garden to create a country-style garden.
Stockrose is a perennial, often two-year-old, less often an annual herb belonging to the Malvaceae family, hence the popular name - mallow. Homeland is considered the Mediterranean, Front and Central parts of Asia. There are over 60 plant varieties. Due to its high height (maximum height up to 2.5 meters), the stock drop is often used in decorating arbors, fences, and landscape design.
Stockure, planting and care in the open field
Stockrose, landing and care in the open field for which is uncomplicated, is a high powerful stem with interesting branching. Leaves arranged in a regular manner may have a rounded, dissected, heart-shaped with jagged or smooth edges. The flowers of the plant are large (up to 12 cm in diameter), resembling a bell, have a variety of colors (purple, white, red, lilac, burgundy and other colors).
Planting stockings - expert advice
Mallow petals have healing properties, they are used in the treatment of colds, gastrointestinal diseases. In cosmetology is used to restore melanin in the skin, getting rid of acne and acne. Mallow has been grown in Russia for quite some time. But at some period of time, the plant was undeservedly forgotten, and was considered a flower that can only be grown in the countryside in front gardens. But thanks to the breeding of new hybrid species by breeders, Stockrose returns its popularity.
The process of planting and caring for a plant is not difficult and consists of the following steps:
Sowing seeds. In open ground, seeds are sown at the end of May, when the earth warms up, and is placed at a distance of at least 30 cm from each other, since the flower is sufficiently spreading. Due to poor germination, it is recommended to put several seeds (3-5 pieces) in one well, and in case of good germination - thin out.
Seeds are laid to a small depth (3-4 cm), the first shoots will appear after 14 days. The plant will bloom the next year after planting. Many gardeners sow mallow seeds in the fall, under the snow. The plant will bloom in summer, but you should take into account such a nuance as the early emergence of shoots in spring.
Stock rose. Growing from seed and when to plant mallow
Therefore, it is necessary to provide protection from cold weather and frost. For this, seedlings are covered with a can.
Planting seedlings. The cultivation of mallow seedlings is usually used if it is necessary to bloom in the first year. In order not to damage the root of the plant, which is the core, during transplantation, it is better to sow the seeds in separate containers, for example, peat cups. Planting seeds on seedlings should begin from the end of February, but not later than mid-March, otherwise it will not bloom.
Seeds need to be sown in moist soil, placing them on the surface and lightly sprinkled with earth. Then, the containers are covered with a film and put in a cool place (at a temperature of 18-20 degrees). After germination, they are thinned and provide daily ventilation and watering as needed. In late May, when setting warm weather, you can plant in open ground. For breeding stock, the quality of the soil does not matter, as long as it is not too heavy and clayey.
Stock treatment - what is important to remember?
The main care for mallow is:
- Watering. Humidification should be abundant, but it should be ensured that there is no stagnation of water at the roots.
- Support installations. This support is necessary to support the stem and remove the faded buds so that they do not deplete the plant.
- Fertilization. Stockrose feed universal fertilizer for malvovye flowers for 2-3 times per season. Also, mulch the soil with compost.
- Pest Protection. For the prevention of diseases of rust, which affects the leaves, the plant is recommended to be treated with a fungicide. This is especially necessary if poor soil, planting is thickened and moisture stagnation is observed.
So, shtokroza, landing and care in open ground for which is simple, it will be a great decoration for your summer cottage. We hope that our advice will help you grow a healthy and effective plant.
See also video:
Stock-rose: planting and care, photo. Stock rose: growing from seed
Mallow or stock-rose is an amazing plant that is suitable for planting along walls, fences or fences. Knowing how to grow a rose stem from seeds at home, you can transform the landscape design of your site. Recently, mallow have been supplanted by more popular plants, but this is due to the fact that many gardeners simply underestimate the benefits of the stock rose.
Recommended to read: How to grow phlox annuals
How to grow stock rose
Mallow is a perennial plant that has been cultivated since 1440. The height of the bush reaches about 2.5 meters, while the flowers can be of different colors. Planted in open ground stock-rose can be in spring or autumn. The plant itself is unpretentious, so even novice gardeners will not have difficulty caring for him.
It is better to plant mallow in a previously prepared soil with a neutral alkaline medium. Do not forget to make mineral and organic fertilizers. Stock-rose breeding occurs with seeds, which are immediately planted in open ground or in the greenhouse. According to gardeners, the best option is to sow the seeds of two years of aging, since it is they who have increased germination.
Stock-rose bloom is observed in the second year after planting, but if you want to see flowers already this year, then plant the mallow not with seeds, but seedlings. Keep in mind that the mallow is a tall plant, therefore it is recommended to observe a distance of about 50 cm between the bushes during planting.
How to care for a stock rose
Caring for mallow is quite simple, because this flower, like many others, needs timely watering and fertilizing. If the land is poor, then a week before the start of flowering, fertilizing with complex fertilizers is carried out. You can use compost to improve the quality of the soil and the stem-rose not only produced foliage, but also bloomed beautifully.
It is advisable to cover the bushes for the winter, if you want the plant not to die during frosts. Dry leaves and spruce branches are suitable for shelter. To pests and diseases stock-rose is quite resistant, but prone to rust on the leaves. As a prevention, you can use drugs with a fungicidal action.
If you like the stock rose, planting and care in the open field will not take much time. At the same time you will be able to grow not only a beautiful, but also a useful plant. It turns out that the decoction of mallow root has good anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties. Engage in breeding different flowers and plants, then your cottage will turn into a paradise for relaxation.
Syrian Rose, or Ketmia
Syrian hibiscus, or Syrian rose (Hibiscus syriacus) - a beautiful deciduous shrub up to 5-6 m.
Differs bright green ovoid leaves up to 10 cm long. Flowers are solitary, smaller than that of the “Chinese rose”, of the most varied colors from white to crimson, sometimes bicolor, simple and double, like mallow flowers. Hibiscus are grown in the form of bushes or small standard trees. It blooms in summer and early autumn.
Syrian rose from China and Western Asia. In the open ground grows in the Caucasus, in Central Asia and Moldova, in the Crimea, in the Kuban. This wonderful, especially at the time of flowering, bushes appeared on the streets of the city, in parks and squares relatively recently, has gained great popularity. Hibiscus grows slowly, in favorable conditions it reaches 3 m in height, begins to bloom from three years. Each flower of a Syrian rose blooms only for one day, but there are many buds: it lasts for several months. The hibiscus bush lives for 20 years or more, lends itself well to molding: at the end of winter pruned stems to increase branching. There are varieties of Syriac hibiscus with variegated leaves.
In central Russia, a Syrian rose plant is easier to grow as a seasonal annual, or to keep in a bright and cool room in winter. Can be used as indoor culture. Syrian hibiscus loves a lot of light, heat and moisture. Then it blooms long and magnificently from the second half of the summer until frosts. It can put up with penumbra, but then it blooms worse.
Stock-rose (mallow): cultivation, care and medicinal properties
Growing up, the bush becomes more winter-hardy, maintaining our temperature. He loves a good fertile, moist soil, as well as transplants and pruning.
Syrian rose is propagated by seeds and in the summer by semi-woody cuttings that are rooted in the sand in a moist environment under a glass bell jar. Terry varieties propagated only vegetatively. Rooted cuttings of Syrian roses are planted in small pots in the nutrient ground. Transplanted in early spring, before the start of growth, into the ground, consisting of 2 parts of sod, 1 part of leaf and 1 part of humus. Adult hibiscus plants are transplanted into spacious dishes. In the summer, it is plentifully watered, kept on window-sills or on tables near the window. In winter, after the leaves fall, they are kept in a cool place with very moderate watering. At the end of winter, last year's shoots are greatly shortened (two thirds are cut off) and the Syrian hibiscus plant is placed on the windowsill, and watering is increased as they grow.
Seeds are stored in paper bags in a cool dry place. With this storage, the seeds remain viable for 3 years. Laboratory germination of 94 - 96%, soil - 86 - 89%. Organic dormancy seeds do not possess, do not need stratification. Depth of embedding is 2–3 cm. Seeds are sown directly into the ground or in a nursery. Seedlings bloom in August of the first year and bloom all fall. Hibiscus plants are very responsive to fertilizer.
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What is this plant?
Stockrose, or as it is called differently, mallow is a perennial plant that was imported from Egypt and Greece and has become very popular among gardeners. And this is not surprising, because it looks just amazing. The first thing that deserves attention is the height. Stems reach two meters, and sometimes more. The leaves are numerous, have curly edges.
Also noteworthy are flowers. They have a funnel shape and in diameter reach 10-15 centimeters. The color can be different, it varies from white to white or pale pink to bright crimson, scarlet and even dark purple. The first buds appear only in the second year of growth, but a wild bloom will delight from June to September. Although perennial stockyrosis, gardeners often use it as a biennial, since flowering usually stops in the third year, and sometimes the shoots weaken and die.
The family includes a great variety of different species, such as the Crimean Mallow, forest, wrinkled, musky, Moorish and others. Especially popular is such a variety as pink, as it is characterized by delicate flowers.
How to grow?
How to grow a plant like stockrose? There are two ways to do this:
- Seedling. This option involves the cultivation of mallow at home or in the greenhouse and their further movement into open ground. В данном случае семена высевают в начале или середине весны. Их помещают в ящики на расстоянии примерно 5-10 сантиметров друг от друга. Грунт обильно увлажняют, а во избежание испарения воды ёмкость рекомендуется накрыть стеклом или плёнкой. Оптимальный температурный режим, который должен поддерживаться в помещении – 17-20 градусов. После появления первых всходов плёнку можно убрать.Move shoots in open soil should be in late May or early June. But it is important to do this carefully, as the roots of the plant are rather weak. And in order to avoid their damage, it is worth picking up the shoots before full rooting. You can also plant seeds in separate small containers, such as plastic cups. By the way, with this method of cultivation, the first flowers may appear in the same season: in August or in September.
- Planting seeds in the garden, that is, in the open ground is more simple, but in this case, flowering in the first year can not wait. When to plant Stockrose? This should be done after frost and the onset of heat, that is, at the end of May (and in the northern regions it is better to do it in June). Seeds should be placed in holes about 3 centimeters deep, located 50 centimeters apart. Then just moisten the soil, and after the emergence of seedlings begin to properly care for them. By the way, some gardeners plant stock in the fall (around the end of September), and in this case, the seedlings are hardened, and the buds appear next summer.
Conditions of detention
Caring for mallow involves the following conditions:
- Suitable soil. It should be loose, fairly loose and well breathable, otherwise the roots will begin to rot. High acidity is not welcome, it should be close to neutral. So, you can use a mixture of sand, part of the humus and two parts of garden soil.
- Choosing the right place is also important. Firstly, it should be well lit, as in the shade the plant weakens and does not stretch upwards, which affects its appearance. Secondly, it is desirable to protect fragile long stalks from drafts. And if you consider that the plant is high, then it is best to plant it along fences or fences, then it will not cover other flowers and will not be exposed to the adverse effects of the wind.
- Watering. It is especially important during the rooting and growth of the young plant. Wash Stockroz need moderately, but regularly. Do not allow overmoistening of the soil, it can lead to rotting of the roots. But the drying of the earthy coma is also undesirable, although the mallow may well endure a brief drought. Tip: try to avoid soaking flowers and leaves, pour water almost at the root.
- Top dressing. If the soil is fertile and nutritious, then fertilizer is optional. If the soil is rather poor, then fertilizing can be done twice: after planting the seeds, and also around August. You can use universal complex fertilizers for garden crops. In addition, it is useful to mulch compost.
- Garter. Since the stock has a rather long and thin stalks, in order to avoid damage, it is desirable to tie them to the pegs, then they will be stable and protected from sudden gusts of wind.
- Wintering. In order for the stockyard to endure the cold and not to freeze, you should cover the bushes with dry leaves or spruce branches for the winter. Also suitable and agrofibre.
You can breed mallow in different ways. The first - seeds. And it is better to plant them not fresh, but after a year of storage. But some plants do not inherit the traits through the seeds or are barren. The second method is grafting. Young, but strong enough shoots take root in a moist soil in greenhouse conditions. Stem cuttings are best separated in the summer, but the root cuttings - in the spring.
Although mallow is considered quite unpretentious and resistant to plant diseases, yet some problems may arise. The most common are powdery mildew, the so-called rust and mosaic virus. Moreover, all these diseases often develop due to improper care. If you notice the affected leaves, then immediately remove them (sometimes you need to remove whole shoots), and the flower itself is treated with a specialized preparation. For example, with white spots, it is worthwhile to treat with a fungicide, that is, with an antifungal drug.
Tip: To avoid rust, you can treat the seeds with an antifungal agent, such as colloidal sulfur solution, before planting.
In the photo you can see that the stock is very beautiful. But it is also incredibly useful. So, on its basis it is possible to prepare various medicines. And the greatest concentration of nutrients in the roots and the lower part of the stem, and from them prepare broths and infusions (two teaspoons of raw materials per cup of boiling water).
Mallow is an edible plant, so you can use it for culinary purposes, for example, add to salads, boil or stew. And the young shoots are quite tasty and fresh.
Varieties and varieties of stock roses
Culture has about 77 species. The most popular is the stock rose pink, Crimean, bristly. Below are the types and varieties of plants with photos and names.
Stock Rose Pink (Alsea Rosea) - the most common type of plant. Also called Ordinary. The height can reach 2.5 meters. Culture is two years old. Stem erect. The lower leaves have a rounded shape, the fleecy stem are arranged in a regular manner, and the upper leaves are tripartite.
Flowers have large sizes. Their diameter can be up to 12 cm. The colors are completely varied.
This species blooms only in the second year after sowing seeds. The plant has decorative qualities. Flowering - from July to September. The plant is often used to decorate fences and hedges, participates in the creation of flower beds, usually grows in the background.
Also, the plant is often used for traditional medicine.
Rod Rose Crimean (Alsea Taurica) - long-term culture. It grows up to 1.5 meters. Leaves wrinkled. Flowers have large sizes. Color - light yellow. The plant possesses decorative qualities, and also differs in unpretentiousness.
Terry varieties of stock roses
Royal - This is an incredibly beautiful variety with a height of about 50 cm. Luxurious double flowers are large in size and are collected in huge buds that have the shape of a brush. Stock-rose Royal comes in the following colors: purple, pink, purple, white, red. Shades are very saturated. There is a slight fragrance. The grade is used for registration of walls, fences. It is also grown for mixborders, flowerbeds, for cutting. Cut flowers at the time when the buds have not yet blossomed, perfectly bloom in vases with water. Variety loves the sun and fertilized soil. This culture blooms from July to September. Due to the rich color and large size, the plant is very fond of flower growers and landscape designers.
Summer Carnival - This is another popular stock-rose variety. The plant is tall, can grow up to 170 cm. The flowers are large, double. Blossoming differs profusion and duration. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, which have the shape of an ear. This variety is a lover of sunlight. Summer Carnival is often used in the flower beds in the background for planting along walls and fences. It is also grown for cutting. Possible colors: red, yellow, pink, white.
Stock Rose Majorette (Majorette) has semi-double bright and large flowers, collected in clusters in the form of brushes. This is a biennial plant. The variety loves the sun very much. Inflorescences are burgundy with a chocolate tinge, red, yellow, pink flowers. Flowering begins only a year after planting. Flowering is long and abundant. This variety is ideal for decorating fences and walls, as well as flowerbeds and lawns. Also used in mixborders and group plantings.
Take it (Very Berry) - it is terry, incredibly beautiful stock rose. Height - up to 2 meters. The flowers are large. Veri Beri loves the sun. Possible colors: pink, burgundy. The colors are very juicy and bright. Veri take great for the decoration of walls and fences, as well as for planting in the background.
Blackberry Sorbet (Blackberry Sorbet) - This is a fascinating variety. The flowers of the plant are distinguished by thick terry and rich colors. This mixture of colors consists of rich burgundy and yellow flowers. Looks great in group plantings, flower beds and mixborders. Will effectively decorate walls and hedges. This is a tall culture. The height reaches 2 meters.
Violet - Another favorite garden growers varietal variety of stock-rose. Powerful erect stem has beautiful double flowers of large sizes. Their color is purple. Blossoming plentiful and long. The plant is planted along the walls and hedges. Also great for group landings and mixborders. In addition, Violet is grown for cutting. This varietal variety is tall. Height - up to 2 meters. The variety loves light and heat, and also prefers fertile soil.
Double Cassis (Double Cassis) - tall terry culture. Flowers have large sizes. Flowering begins in July and ends in mid-autumn. The plant prefers the sun, and is also very good at applying fertilizer. Purple-cherry large flowers make up racemes of elongated form. It is grown for group plantings, mixborders, wall and hedge designs. Also grown for pruning.
Stock Rose Chaters- very high (height up to 2.5 meters) plants with large dense-double flowers, which are collected in racemes. They completely cover an erect stem. Flowering numerous, long. With the help of Chaters, they decorate hedges, grow them in lawns, in flowerbeds and cut. Possible colors: white, red, yellow.
Double Pink - this is a beautiful terry stock rose. Double Pink has a height of not more than 180 cm. The upright stalk is completely covered with dense double large flowers of delicate pink color. Double Pink loves the sun, but can grow in partial shade.
Red Maid - this is a blooming tall culture. On a direct high stem magnificent large-sized bright red flowers of the large sizes settle down. This drought resistant variety loves the sun and fertile soil. The red maiden is used in mixborders and for decorating fences. Also grown for cutting. Cut plants retain their decorative effect for a very long time.
Red Maid - the scarlet beauty
Dark red (Dark red) - This is a thick-culture. The plant grows to 1.5 meters. Favorite variety growers is a biennial. Incredibly spectacular in the garden. Flowering appears only in the second year after sowing. Dark Red looks amazing in group landings and along fences and walls. Variety tolerates winter and loves the sun.
Double Salmon (Double Salmon) - one more terry perennial. The flowers have a very delicate orange color with a coral shade. This variety loves the sun and regular feeding. Used in group plantings and to decorate walls. Also Double Salmon is ideal for cutting.
Queen of beauty - luxurious variety with lush bright buds, which are located on a powerful stem. Color - bright pink. The beauty queen is a great choice for creating hedges, decorating walls and country houses. The variety loves the sun and fertile soil, and also copes with drought. Also grown for pruning.
Other varieties of terry stock roses are also known: Park Friden, Garland, Bridemade, Jet Black and others.
Delicate and luxurious Bridesmade
Simple varieties of stock roses
Antwerp (Antverpen) - This is a multi-year culture. The flowers are simple, collected in spicate inflorescences. Antwerp is a tall variety. An excellent choice for decorating walls and country houses, mixborders and group plantings. Variety loves the sun and is afraid of the wind. The flowering of Antwerp begins in July and ends by the middle of winter.
Indian spring - one-year colorful varietal variety. Tall variety with simple delicate flowers pleases with abundant flowering from July to September. Possible colors: yellow, red, white, pink. They look perfect in floor vases and are also grown for cutting. The stock rose of this variety is great in group plantings and mixborders.
Happy Lights - This is a variety with simple flowers that have bright rich colors. Colors: white, yellow, pink, maroon. The plant has an upright tall stem with abundant flowering.
Stock rose Black Piramid - amazing and beautiful flower. They are distinguished by a rare color of flowers, which are collected in spike-like large inflorescences. The flowers are not double, have a rich black color and large size. Variety prefers the sun. Black Pyramid can have a height of up to 2 meters. Grown in the garden in flower beds, flower beds, along walls and fences.
Mulatto - very original variety. This perennial culture has a height of up to 1.5 meters. The inflorescences have the form of brushes and are collected from large, almost black flowers. The variety is unpretentious, drought-resistant and sun-loving. The mulatto, like other varietal varieties, is used in the decoration of walls and fences; it is gorgeous in the background in flower beds and flower beds. Also very good for cutting.
Use in landscape design
Due to its spectacular decorative stock-rose is very appreciated in landscape design. This plant is most often used in the design of fences and hedges. What does a stock rose look like in gardens and flowerbeds? Also, the culture is great on the plot in group plantings, mixborders. Often it grows in the background in flower beds, flower beds. This is a tall culture, so if you put a stock rose in the foreground, then other plants will be lost. The plant is perfectly combined with such cultures:
Stock-pink terry in the photo along the fence.In the photo, a tall beauty in a group flowerbed looks spectacular and beautiful.
Stock-roses are perfectly combined with various cultures in group beds.
These terry beauties look great not only in the open field, but also in floor pots and flowerpots (see the title photo).
Also, this culture is grown for cutting. You can cut the flowers at the moment when the buds have not yet opened. Buds open in the water. The stock rose long keeps the decorative properties in water.
Flower stock rose - description and varieties
Plant height can be up to one and a half to two meters, and flowers are distinguished by a pure white, purple, pale crimson, yellow, bright purple or lilac shade.
The plant has a large number of species, and the most relevant varieties among gardeners are the following:
- Royal The height of the bush is up to 2 m, the flowers are terry, can have different tones in color.
- Pink The most common variety that blooms from early summer to mid-autumn.
- Wrinkled. Named as a plant because of the huge corrugated flowers of a yellow shade. This mallow variety is resistant to low temperatures, bush up to 2 m in height.
- Musky The lowest species, bush height of 1 meter. However, delicate crimson flowers, 50 mm in size, twist the stem of a rose around a thick carpet.
- Forest. An ideal variety that has pale blue flowers. The plant does not tolerate low temperatures, it is better to grow it in the south of the country.
With the choice of varieties will help specialist flower shop.
How to grow a rose stem flower from seed?
Stock rose is considered a perennial, but it so happened according to tradition that the flower culture is planted as a two-year-old.
Plant seeds can be sown directly on a flower bed at the end of springtime.
Flower stem rose is a spreading plant, therefore seeds should be planted at intervals of 200-300 mm from each other.
However, seed germination of 70%, and you can sow thicker, and then order the sprouts, so as to leave only:
It should not be very deeply deepen the seeds in the ground: the holes 30-40 mm deep most thing.
After 14 days, shoots will appear, but in the first year, on condition of sowing on a flower bed, the rose will not bloom. Usually the first flowers appear on the 2nd year of growth, approximately at the end of the first summer month, and already in September, after flowering, you can collect the seeds that appear in place of the flowers.
A lot of planting material, and collect it after the box-seeds become yellow, then dried at home.
We grow mallow from seedlings
The cultivation of mallow from seedlings will require special attention, because the root system of the growing seedlings is pivotal, it can be quite easily injured when replanting.
Therefore, harvesting mallow seedlings, it is necessary to provide a separate container, for example, pots of peat.
Should be planted in late February to mid-March, if the seeds are planted in April, the plant will not give color.
- Tar should be filled with good enriched soil.
- Land needs to be slightly moistened before sowing.
- Put sunflower seeds on the soil surface.
Next, planting material should be a little sprinkled with soil, cover the peat tanks with PE-film, put in a room with a temperature of at least +18 ° C.
After 2 weeks, shoots should appear, then you can swoop down, if the shoots are located in a common large box, seated in small containers. The optimal distance between shoots is 30-40 mm.
After the sprouts are in place, they need to be looked after every day, aired for half an hour, and watered as the ground dries.
Seedlings should be sent to the site on the 15th of May, when the night frosts have gone, the soil will warm up.
Planting in open ground
Некоторые цветоводы практикуют высаживание мальвы в осенний период семенами, высеивая их прямо на участок и оставляя «доходить» под снежным покровом до весенней поры будущего года.
Способ элементарный: цветки появятся уже в июне, посадка простая, но вот после зимнего времени всходы можно будет наблюдать очень рано.
Young plant culture requires special care: protection from frost at night with a can of a can, preventing the development of rot when there is a thaw in spring.
It should be planted on a plot well warmed by sunlight or in a half-shady place.
There should also be protection from the winds, because strong drafts will break even the stems tied to a support.
The land for the stock of a rose does not really matter, but it’s right to plant a flower crop:
- in well-fertilized soil
- light soil
- with the addition of sand.
Heavy clay earth for mallow is not suitable categorically.
A good effect on the growth of flowers in the soil nitrogen content, so that the stem part will be more dense and elastic flowers.
How to care for stock rose in the garden?
Activities for the care of mallow include timely not abundant watering, choosing the right place for planting, feeding and building supports, which will hold a high stem part of the plant.
It is also necessary to timely remove faded blossoms that may affect the flowering process.
Care should be as follows:
- Watering Watering in the first year of growth should be abundant, but without the Gulf of roots. When watering, you should try not to get water on the foliage: for this purpose, experts advise to buy a watering can with a long spout.
- Feeding and fertilizing. During the season, the flowers "feed" three times, and if the land is scarce, then this number is increased up to 4 times. Universal complex compositions for malvaceae are suitable as a fertilizer, you can also apply mulch - compost. It is allowed and not to feed, but then the color will be bad, rare is not bright.
- Wintering The stock of the roses winter in the southern territory calmly, and in the northern areas it is necessary to cover the spruce branches or agrofibre. It is necessary to cover the stem of a rose in any region, if the winter season is without snow, but the temperature outside the window is very low.
With adequate care you can get spectacular flowers.
Stock roses look good on a garden plot, they can be arranged for individual plantings or planted in a group with other perennial and annual flowers, for example, lupins, asters, gladioli.
Adding an article to a new collection
In order for the rose garden to rivet the eyes of others, it must be properly planned. We will talk about the features of different types of beds with roses.
The rose garden should be commensurate with the garden area, and the flowers growing in it should be the area of the rosary itself. And when choosing a flower bed you need to take into account the location and terrain of the site, as well as the climate.
The place for the rose garden should be sunny, windless and with fertile soil (preferably light loam with an acidity level of 5-6 pH). Swampy and shady areas should be avoided.
It is also important to choose the right types of roses for a particular flower bed.
Paths along which rabatki with roses are located, look amazing in the spacious gardens. Such a rose garden will become even more spectacular if you install a fountain, a pergola or a beautiful sculpture at the end of the rose path.
Rabat roses can be made on one side of the track, and both
In broad rabatka you can plant scrubs, and for miniature borders polyanthus roses are better suited.
In the flowerbeds, roses are planted in rows of up to 4 m. Here you can make compositions of roses of any garden groups.
Particularly good tea hybrid, floribunda and standard
To make the rose garden look more interesting, plant a standard or climbing rose in the middle of a flower bed with hybrid tea roses. For the latter, be sure to install a decorative support. And in the foreground of the flower beds place ground cover and dwarf roses. At the same time plant them tightly to each other, to get a solid carpet, covering the soil.
3. Solitser landing
For single plantings, the most attractive and floriferous roses with a beautiful bush form are selected. Scrubs, climbing and standard roses will fit in this role. Such flowering trees are tied with a rope to a peg so that the trunk does not break.
In a small flower garden you can plant single hybrid tea roses or floribunda flowers
Roses for hedges should bloom profusely and long, not hurt, not be damaged by pests and do not need shelter for the winter. These characteristics have a wrinkled rose (dogrose). Today there are many attractive ornamental varieties of this wild plant.
Shrub and wicker roses also look good in a hedge
For arrangement of single-row hedges most often use stunted roses up to 1 m high, and the distance between the bushes is 50-70 mm. A multi-row hedge of roses usually consists of two or three tiers: the lower roses are planted in the foreground, then the middle ones in height (1-1.5 m), and the highest ones form the background. At the same time, in multi-row hedges, roses are planted in a staggered manner and maintain a distance between the plants approximately equal to half of their height.
So that the rose bush does not stretch out and does not become bare from the bottom, the shoots must be cut at different heights.
6. Vertical gardening
Arches, pergolas and arbors, decorated with climbing roses, harmoniously fit into the garden of any style. At the same time, both small-flowered and large-flowered roses are good.
Also climbing roses can decorate the entrance to the site and the walls of the house
It is not necessary to make a rose garden exclusively from roses. Beds and rabatki can be decorated with modest plantings of conifers (juniper, thuja or spruce) or bulbous plants. And a beautiful background for roses will create ornamental shrubs (hydrangea, chubushnik, spirea, barberry), annuals (pansies, silver cineraria) sage and lavender. And in vertical gardening with roses the girl grapes and clematis are perfectly combined.
Pink and white roses harmonize with violet flowers
And what ideas did you realize when creating a rose garden on your site?
Varieties and varieties of stock roses
Malva can surely be called an "opportunist." It is not capricious, resistant to drought and frost. It can reach a height of 30 cm or 2-3 m. It blooms until late autumn, decorating the garden with bright summer-like photos, white, purple, cream, burgundy or yellow buds.
Among the varieties are interesting:
Planting and plant care
- The time is spring or autumn.
- The place is sunny, and partial shade is acceptable.
- The soil is better nourishing, loose. Avoid clay and sandy ground.
- The distance between the plants is about 50 cm.
- Watering - in the first year you need plenty, in the future - not to over-wet much.
- Protection against frost - the plants of the first year are covered with leaves or agrofibre.
Council High mallow needs tying up. It is better to root her on a permanent place, since she does not like transplanting.
Fertilizer and feeding mallow
If you want to improve the composition of the soil before planting mallow mix garden soil with humus and sand (in a ratio of 3: 2: 1). Add peat and wood ash there. For each bucket of soil mixture you will need 1 glass of both. In addition, composting will improve the structure of poor soil.
Stock-rose needs additional nutrition in the second year of life. Top dressing relevant during the period of active flowering. Use ready-made fertilizers dominated by potassium and phosphorus. Nitrogen abuse is bad for flowering.
Diseases and pests of the flower
The most common disease that afflicts mallow is rust. Appears on the leaves as stains rusty brown, sometimes white. Get rid of the plant from this disease is difficult. Strongly affected flowers need to dig up and burn.
Where the disease is not progressing, remove the leaves with spots. Flowers process fungicide (suitable Bordeaux mixture or colloidal sulfur). To prevent rust, do not plant the mallow very thickly and do not overmoisten the ground. As a preventive measure, before the appearance of buds, once a week, treat the stem-rose with a fungicide (for example, phytosporin).
Among the pests of mallow, especially for the soul:
- leaf beetles and weevils (both those and others gnaw holes in the plant),
- spider mite (with their appearance, the leaves gradually fade),
ate (from it turns yellow and curled foliage).
At the first signs of defeat in the fight against insects will help folk remedies, for example, a soap solution. In advanced cases, use insecticides (chlorophos, tobacco dust, etc.).
Stock-rose: combination with other plants
Often the flower is called "village". This is due to the fact that it was most prevalent in the provinces. However, with a successful combination with other flower cultures, mallow will look noble in any garden.
It is in good harmony with the plants in the style of "country":
Since the stock rose is grown both as an annual and as a perennial, a variety of plants can make it up to the company. For example, pastel shades of flowers look beautiful with wild herbs. This is true for those areas where the mallow breeds self-sowing or grown medicinal crops. A successful ensemble is obtained from a combination of stock-roses with daisies, lupins, cosmea, echinacea.
Stock rose in landscape design
Due to its height, mallow is often used as a backdrop (in flower beds) or a bright vertical accent in group compositions. The classic of the genre is a stock-rose near the fences, along the fences, near the walls of the house. If you look at photos from private plots, it is noticeable that these flowers look advantageous against a dark or gray background. Combined with the masonry, they create an atmosphere of comfort and romance.
Council Plant a mallow to decorate unsightly places in the garden, such as the compost pile.
Landscape designers advise rooting stock roses against the background of trees, where they will play the role of high underbrush. Flowers in this case will create the illusion of a corner of wild nature. Great mallow and bouquets. Having settled it in your own plot, you will see how harmoniously the stem-rose will fit into your flower garden, giving it a special charm and brightness.
Varieties and types of mallow: photo
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In our village near Krasnodar, mallow grows in all yards and front gardens. Scatters itself, grows into a height of more than 2 meters. In our country, mallow flowers are added to tea: they say that it promotes weight loss. Leaves and seeds, filled with boiling water and infused for about an hour, can be taken with a cold and cough - the infusion removes sputum well.