The interior in the Scandinavian style is ideal for most regions of our country, because it takes into account all the features of high latitudes: the lack of daylight inside the premises and the long autumn-winter period, when you want so much that the house pleases with warmth and comfort.
Having entered the scene as an ethnic, Scandinavian design with time has become a real classic, in which the national color is not reflected in the patterns or objects of folk art, but in the general mood of the interior, a combination of its main components.
Scandinavian style in the interior of the apartment: the main features
The style of the house reflects the features of its inhabitants. Common features of the northern peoples - thoroughness, slowness, restraint, love of nature and their homes, as well as frugality, which helps to save natural resources. Scandinavian house - the embodiment of these folk features. Its design is simple, calm, concise - and at the same time it has a special charm and expressiveness.
The typical interior of the room in the Scandinavian style is bright, free space, solid, reliable pieces of furniture, cozy textiles and discreet decor.
The main components of Scandinavian design:
- Colour. The interior is usually decorated in light, cool colors - white, light gray, sky blue. As additional design colors of natural wood, stone, sand and brown shades are used in the design. Accent colors - thick blue, turquoise, yellow, red, black.
- Materials Natural materials or their high-quality imitations are used: stone, wood, ceramics, plaster. Textiles for interior design - natural: linen, cotton, jute.
- Furniture. Wooden, simple-shaped furniture should be solid and solid even in appearance. Natural materials - cotton, linen, leather, suede - are used as upholstery.
- The decor. You can use simple elements of bright colors, or objects of complex shape, but calm tones, for example, a plaster white deer head with horns above the fireplace - an ornament that is often found in interiors.
In the photo the kitchen-living room in the Scandinavian style with the original brick bar counter. Project: “Swedish apartment interior 42 sq. M. m. "
Living room: Scandinavian style interior
The living room is the “face” of the house, showing the character of its inhabitants. In the design of the living room are allowed items that do not perform a functional role, but are used for decoration. At the same time, the basic design rules remain the same: the naturalness of materials, light colors, the traditional combination of colors.
Tip: Since there is a shortage of natural light in northern countries, much attention is paid to artificial lighting. The living room welcomes floor lamps, wall lamps, table lamps, candles - any devices that increase the illumination.
In the photo a small living room in white. Project: "Scandinavian apartment design in Sweden."
Scandinavian style kitchen interior
The main color of the style - white - is the best suited for the kitchen, because it creates a feeling of cleanliness and increases illumination, which is important for the room in which food is prepared. In kitchen design, as a rule, they try not to use blue tones, since they are believed to suppress appetite and affect the sensitivity of taste buds.
In a brick house, part of the kitchen walls can not be covered with plaster, but only painted white. Often this is done in the area where the working surface is located, then the brickwork plays the role of an apron. Scandinavian kitchen design implies that natural wood will be used for the floor, preferably also furniture and a tabletop made of wood.
The photo shows Scandinavian cuisine with an island layout. Project: “Interior design in white color: apartment of 59 sq. M. m. in Gothenburg.
Scandinavian style bedroom interior
The main criterion for room design is simplicity. Nothing should distract from the rest. The main decorative element is the wall near the head of the bed, but it should not be bright either. For example, a wall can be trimmed with wood if the others are covered with plaster, while for both coatings one color is chosen - white or light pastel shade of beige. Completing the decoration of the bedroom textiles deep colors or with national ornament, as well as the carpet near the bed.
On the photo is a bedroom with a balcony in the Scandinavian style. Project: “Swedish interior design of an apartment of 71 sq. M. m. "
Scandinavian style in the interior of the nursery
The design of the child's room must take into account the needs of the child in a variety of impressions that contribute to its development. The light background of the walls makes it possible to demonstrate bright details, emphasizing their importance.
As an accent on a white wall, you can place a black board with a coating that allows you to draw on it with crayons - children are happy to paint the walls, and their drawings will serve as color spots in the interior.
White walls can be decorated with bright vinyl stickers with the image of fairy-tale characters - for the youngest, letters of the native alphabet - for first-graders, or favorite artists - for teenagers. Simple pieces of furniture can also be decorated with stickers or even painted in bright colors. Colorful patterns on textiles will also help to revitalize the design and bring personality into it.
In the photo children's room in the Scandinavian style. Project: "Swedish style in the interior of a three-room apartment."
Scandinavian style bathroom
Inside the bathroom, cool “northern” designs are very appropriate, giving a feeling of cleanliness and freshness. As a complement to the white color, as a rule, it protrudes as the main color in sanitary premises, using deep blue. Bath textiles accent colors complements the interior.
As well as in general for all rooms of style, in a bathroom try to use a tree. For the Scandinavian bathroom is also characterized by the use of wood. The underframes of the sink, bath screens, mirror frames, cabinets are made from it.
In the finishing of surfaces, colored tiles are used, with its help they zone the space - for example, part of the walls - in the wet zone or near the toilet bowl - laid out with an ornament of colored tiles or tiles with Scandinavian patterns. The design with wide ornamental stripes, moving from the floor to the walls and even to the ceiling, looks fresh and original.
Scandinavian style home interior
The design of your own home in Scandinavia provides large windows to increase the illumination of the interiors and walls with good insulating properties. Houses are mostly built of wood, stone - trimmed with wooden materials.
The Scandinavian style in the interior of a country house continues in its exterior - the forms are simple, concise, perhaps even coarse, giving the impression of solidity and reliability. My home is my fortress: it is said about the houses of northern peoples.
Photos of interiors in the Scandinavian style
Below are photos that reflect the main features of Scandinavian design in various premises.
Photo 1. The main color in the interior of the Scandinavian kitchen-living room - white. It is complemented by a light wood floor. The role of decorative accent is given to textile elements.
Photo 2. In the laconic design of the white Scandinavian bedroom, the accent wall at the head of the headboard is highlighted with white boards.
Photo 3. Dark gray furniture creates a contrast with the light floor, reviving the interior.
Photo 4. The bright bedroom does not have a sophisticated design, but it looks very original due to the bright color additions and non-standard lamps.
Photo 5. The combination of two opposite colors - white and black - determines the hard graphic design of the living room, the natural wood floor softens the interior, and the skin on the floor gives comfort.
Photo 6. Completely white kitchen decorated with colored homespun rug, characteristic of the northern interiors.
Photo 7. The Scandinavian style of the interior is underlined in the entrance area by a hanger that resembles both wood and deer horns.
Photo 8. The interior design in the Scandinavian style in the child’s room provides for color accents that stand out against a neutral background.
Photo 9. The style of a large bathroom with a laundry room is underlined by a natural wicker box.
The Scandinavian style began to emerge at the beginning of the last century in the territory of the Scandinavian countries: Denmark, Norway, Sweden. The climate in such countries has never spoiled the inhabitants. So they all wanted to come home and enjoy the comfort, warm up and plunge into the atmosphere of calm.
And it was under the influence of such aspirations that the life and the interior of dwellings were formed and developed. In addition, the Scandinavians for a long time respected pagan cultures and preferred all natural and natural.
In Europe, the Scandinavian style became popular after the Second World War, when people could not afford expensive pieces of furniture and materials for decoration, but at the same time they needed protection, comfort and convenience.
One of the Finnish architects and founders of the modern school of designer Alvar Aalto always said that the main task of the designer is to make life more convenient. And although today many can afford something unusual, but still the Scandinavian style is still relevant and loved by many.
Here are the main features of the Scandinavian style:
- The abundance of light. This feature is associated with the climate of the Scandinavian countries. The fact is that the Scandinavians always felt the need for light due to the lack of sunlight, and therefore sought to illuminate their homes in every way.
- Lightness of space. You will not see intricate transitions, partitions and other difficulties. Everything is very simple and easy. There is a feeling of airiness and soaring.
- Minimalism. In the room, decorated in the Scandinavian style, you will not see many items. Furniture, decoration and details are simple and concise, but this does not seem to be poor or miserable. Remember that all ingenious is simple.
- Natural materials. They are used everywhere and are present in the decoration and furniture, and in the elements of decor.
- Monochrome tones. To many, they seem uninteresting and boring, but in fact, such colors, firstly, never get bored, and secondly, can be the perfect backdrop for bright accents.
- Functionality. Virtually any thing in the room is needed for something and performs its specific function. In this room, everything is created for a comfortable stay, everything is incredibly useful and convenient.
Who would suit such a style?
The Scandinavian style in the interior of a house or apartment is almost universal, so that it will perfectly fit into any room. But it will be especially appropriate in case of insufficient illumination and a small area of the apartment. This style will make the room brighter and not “steal” the space, but, on the contrary, expand it visually.
As for the inhabitants of such an apartment and the characteristics of their character, then a person who is calm and confident in himself, and who needs rest from everyday fuss will feel great in this interior.
Color solutions, drawings
As already noted, in the interior design in the Scandinavian style, monochrome calm tones are predominantly used. Especially designers love and respect shades of gray, white, beige. The contours are often marked with black, it allows you to create interesting and unusual contrasts.
Also used gentle blue, light green, peach, amber, lilac and others. But do not be afraid of bright accents, sometimes they are simply necessary. So feel free to use colors such as coral, red, blue, emerald, and some others.
Pictures and prints are used infrequently, but sometimes quite appropriate. Valid cell, strip, geometric patterns.
Interior design in the Scandinavian style involves the use of natural materials such as wood, glass, natural stone, metal, various fabrics. For example, walls can be pasted over with light wallpaper, painted or decorated with wooden clapboard. The ideal floor is parquet or laminate.
Ceiling can be whitewashed or painted. On complex structures and suspended ceilings should be forgotten. Shiny surfaces can be present, but in minimal quantities, since matte creating a cozy atmosphere is welcome.
Choice of furniture
Scandinavian-style furniture is the epitome of comfort, convenience and functionality. All lines should be concise, simple and soft. As for the upholstery of upholstered furniture, natural materials such as cotton, linen, suede and some others are welcome. Wicker furniture is appropriate. Here are a few options:
- Soft rectangular sofa upholstered in natural fabric.
- Round chairs or chairs.
- Simple coffee table.
- Shelves attached to the wall.
- Small but roomy closet.
- If the bed, then necessarily with a wooden headboard.
- Round dining table. Of course, from a tree.
- Kitchen set, it is desirable to choose a wooden, too, and no frills. On the wall of the kitchen place a couple of drawers with doors.
- Small bedside tables.
- An important detail can be a fireplace, which has long been considered a symbol of comfort and a home.
Do not overload the room with furniture, use only what you really need!
On the windows should be told separately. First, they must be wide enough for the room to be filled with light from the very early morning. Second, discard plastic and prefer wood. This will make the room even more comfortable. Third, do not clutter up the windows with heavy curtains. The maximum that can be allowed is light translucent curtains.
Lighting should be given special attention, because if it is insufficient, the interior will lose airiness and lightness. So more light! Use chandeliers, floor lamps, table lamps and lamps, sconces, lampshades. It is best to choose simple lighting elements made of pleasant natural materials. Remember that the light should be soft and natural.
Although the interior in the Scandinavian style should be calm, it does not mean that the decor is inappropriate. Here are some possible options:
- Especially appreciated textiles. Put some soft pillows on the sofa, spread a bright soft carpet on the floor, it can become an accent of the room. Use tablecloths, napkins, bedspreads made from natural materials. But do not overdo it!
- On the walls you can hang black and white photos or pictures of fish, animals, ships. Still lifes or landscapes are welcome.
- Ceramic or glass vases are relevant.
- The decor element can be a large mirror that will reflect the light.
- Use animal skins, fur products.
- On the shelves can flaunt unusual figurines.
- Relevant homemade gizmos.
Create your own unique atmosphere of airiness and comfort, using the Scandinavian style.
1. Color in the Scandinavian interior
Traditionally, scandi-style interiors are associated with white. In fact, Scandinavians do not like white color, but bright light. It is very overcast in this region (there are only 1,800 hours of sunshine per year in the sweetest city of Stockholm, for example, in Madrid - 2,800). So the residents of Norway, Iceland, Sweden and Denmark tried to let the maximum light into the house, make the windows bigger, and only close the curtains in the bedroom. And over time, and style entrenched.
White walls in their houses are found - but more often in rented apartments. According to standard contracts, leaving, the tenant must make repairs. And what could be simpler and cheaper than buying a can of plain white paint? Yes, and the next tenant is easier: white walls will suit any furniture and textiles, any style.
But Scandinavian white walls are not really white. There is a special name: Stockholmsvit (Stockholm white): a drop of gray and yellow is added to the white paint. It turns out a very interesting soft shade of white, and the wall never looks cold and "hospital." But the ceiling - yes, it must be snow-white: just to reflect and scatter daylight around the room.
But the Scandinavian style is definitely a color. And in the 70s in the Scandinavian countries they loved almost acid colors, in the 80s pastel shades, in the 90s they were neutral and earthy. And today they use the whole palette, however, more calm shades. Because the house should be warm and cozy. Just about that below.
Make a note: in the Scandinavian style, use soft pleasant shades and do not get too carried away with white.
2. Scandinavian comfort
Comfortable home atmosphere - a separate theme of the Scandinavian style. Like the Scandinavian culture in general. That is why there simply cannot be “official white”, which some designers imitating style mistakenly use. Because comfort is super important.
Scandinavians have always preferred to call friends not in a cafe, but to visit: it is more comfortable at home. Here, too, there are special words: Swedish fredagsmys - Friday comfort and Danish hygge - home comfort. This is when the house is full of relatives and guests, it smells delicious, and the candles are lit. Поэтому мебель в гостиной ставится в круг, чтобы вся семья и гости могли часами общаться и проводить время вместе.
Взять на заметку: in Scandinavian style, place the furniture so that it is convenient to communicate, light candles and wrap yourself in soft blankets.
3. Scandi style: materials and textures
Ask a person who has been to Norway or Iceland about his strongest impression, and he will answer “nature”. Scandinavians are proud of their beautiful nature, cherish it and try to let it into the house. It is more pleasant to see greens in the window, not new curtains, and it is more pleasant to walk on the wooden floor than on the carpet. Well, except that a small rug at the sofa to throw or artificial "skin" - for comfort.
Naturally, the main requirement for materials is naturalness. Wood, stones, natural cotton and linen, wool, leather, clay. Here you have the abundance of traditional ceramics, cute textiles, warm rugs.
And - going back to the walls - they do not have to be plastered smoothly. A little texture never hurts.
Top textures for the Scandinavian style
The leading brand of Italian plasters in the incarnation of the Scandinavian style recommends using primarily textures that mimic natural materials. The walls will look very natural under the non-tinted wood, as well as under the natural stone.
To make the interior more interesting and deeper, diversify smooth walls with plaster for concrete or brickwork. In fact, with the right choice of color that matches the Scandinavian style, the surfaces can be given any matte structure. And if you want to increase the amount of reflected light - and glossy.
Make a note: Take in the work of more natural materials, and the walls give an interesting texture.
Scandinavian interiors are impossible not to love: there is so much light, nature, life and soulfulness. Finally, I want to remember the main principle of Scandinavian decorators: make a good design in your house not for fashion, not for guests - it's just nice to live in a nice house among beautiful things. There is nothing to add.