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Kazan Kremlin is a historical and architectural complex that reveals the history of the capital of Tatarstan. According to available data, the construction of this territory began in the tenth century. This period includes the first buildings located on the territory of the Kremlin. In 2000, the Kremlin was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. One of the most unique sights and beauties of Kazan is the “falling” tower of Syuyumbike, located also on the territory of the Kremlin.
Kazan Embankment: the Kazanka River
Not far from the Kremlin complex is located embankment of the river Kazanka. Previously, this place was a common road, adjacent to the dilapidated buildings and neglected green spaces, and today there is one of the beauties of Kazan - the Kremlin Embankment.
In the early 2000s, this territory began to be built up with elite residential complexes. After successful construction and settlement, it was decided to build up the embankment of Kazan with large administrative and residential buildings.
In 2010, the Palace of Farmers was erected here, and a year later Palace Square was built, where gala concerts of the Kazan Autumn International Festival of Opera Music are held annually. Walking along the embankment of Kazan, it is impossible not to notice the building of the NCC "Kazan", where young people like to gather.
It hosts a variety of youth festivals and gatherings, such as zorbing competitions or biker shows. Behind the structure of the NCC there is a small but quiet and cozy square named after Karl Fuchs, who at one time was the rector of Kazan University.
Family Center "Kazan"
On the bank of the Kazanka river there is another attraction of the capital of Tatarstan - the palace for marriages, built in the form of a huge bowl and opened in 2013. The structure, because of its shape, was nicknamed "cauldron", and the object was officially named Center for the Kazan Family.
In addition to 3 halls for marriages, there are buffet tables and apartments for newlyweds. And for tourists there is an opportunity to explore the beauty of Kazan from the observation deck, located at the very top of the building at a height of 32 meters.
Anyone can admire the city from the height of a ten-story house after paying 50 rubles in advance. Top offers a special view of the embankment of Kazan and the Kremlin complex. Today, on the embankment, works are being carried out on the improvement of the new square and the construction of bicycle lanes, as this place has long been chosen by locals for quiet walks along the river, as well as rides on bicycles and roller skates.
Kazan Embankment: Lake "Boar"
Describing the beauty of Kazan, one cannot bypass the lake, or rather the system of 3 lakes “Kaban”, stretching across the entire city. Many secrets and legends are connected with this lake, in particular they say that ancient treasures lie on its bottom, and the sister of the last khan, who is drowned in its waters, guards them. But it is not the legends that attracts the Boar, but its embankment, which has become the symbol of the renewed Kazan, where all kinds of festivals and theatrical activities are held.
Temple of all religions
One of the most amazing beauties of Kazan, striking in its architecture, is the Temple of all religions or the Ecumenical Church, the construction of which was begun in 1994 and continues to this day. The architectural ensemble provides for the neighborhood of a Muslim mosque, an Orthodox church, a pagoda and a synagogue, as well as 16 more religions, including those that have disappeared.
The article used the photo: Victoria Valkova, LJ Granddaughter, Vadim Losev
The main Muslim temple of Kazan, the Kul-Sharif Mosque, was built on the territory of the Kazan Kremlin. This stunningly beautiful building was erected to the millennium of the city on the site of an old mosque, dilapidated during the conquest of Kazan, and its creation took almost 10 years.
The mosque was named in honor of the last imam of the cathedral mosque and politician Kul-Sharif, who died in 1552 during the defense of the city. This beautiful place has become a new symbol of the renewed capital and the whole of Tatarstan. The inner part of the temple can accommodate up to 1,500 people, and the outer area - another 10,000 people. In addition to its religious functions, this place performs and museum - here is the Museum of the ancient manuscript and the Museum of Islamic Culture of the Volga region.
The second main temple of Kazan on the territory of the Kremlin - already an Orthodox religion - is called the Annunciation Cathedral. This is one of the oldest stone buildings in the capital, Ivan the Terrible himself pointed out the place for its construction in 1562.
Influence on the decoration and architectural forms of the temple had the Pskov, Ukrainian, Vladimir and Moscow styles of creation of Orthodox religious buildings. The main part of the interiors has survived to the present, in contrast to the 50-meter bell tower, destroyed in 1928.
Mosque al marjani
The al-Mardzhani mosque, named after its imam, scientist, historian and enlightener Sh. Mardzhani, is considered one of the most beautiful mosques of Kazan and Tatarstan. It was erected in 1766-1770. by personal permission of Catherine the Great, and one of the few that operated during the Soviet period.
This is the first after 1552 mosque, built of stone, after a 200-year ban on the Tatars to create stone buildings. Its architecture revived the traditions of the Tatar construction culture, introduced new Baroque motifs - arched windows and stucco, traditional for Tatar embroidery floral ornaments.
Kazan’s main pedestrian street, Bauman Street, is equated by its historical and architectural value to Arbat or Nevsky Prospect. A lot of sculptures, monuments (including Fyodor Shalyapin and Kazan Kota), architectural sights of the city, several fountains, Distance indicator and Wind rose, Catherine the Great carriage, Epiphany Cathedral, etc. are concentrated in this place.
Main building of Kazan State University
Kazan University, founded in 1804, is one of the oldest and largest educational institutions of Tatarstan. Its main building in the spirit of Russian classicism was built by the architect Pyatnitsky in 1822-1825, and the courtyards were built by the architect Corinth in 1833-1838. On the basis of the University created many other higher education institutions, and it consists of 9 museums with rich collections of various subjects.
In 2005, to the 1000th anniversary of Kazan, a new bridge across the Kazanka river, the Millennium, was opened in the city. This is an original and beautiful cable-stayed bridge - the largest in the capital. Its main distinguishing feature is a M-shaped pylon with a height of 45 m and a width of 64 m. A three-lane highway and a pedestrian pavement pass under each of the letter halves.
Palace of Farmers
The building of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Tatarstan is a beautiful Palace of Farmers, made in the classical style. The construction was completed in 2010 and it immediately fell into a number of architectural monuments of Kazan and simply beautiful places of the city.
Universal Temple of All Religions
The suburb of Kazan can boast with wonders - in the village of Old Arkachino, architect Ildar Khanov is building the Ecumenical Church of All Religions at his dacha, designed to unite 7 major world religions. The main temples and the main arch have already been erected, but construction is still underway. This beautiful and original place more and more attracts residents and guests of Kazan. At the same time, there will be no religious rites in the temple - it will simply be a unique residential structure of the original look.
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Kazan is the land of amazing beauty
Sometimes, to see the true beauty, you do not need to travel thousands of kilometers, but you just have to look around. Hurrying for vivid impressions abroad, it turns out that we are not even familiar with what is near. Therefore, today we offer you to rediscover the interesting places of our vast country and go to Kazan.
When history and modernity are one
Kazan is a city with more than 1000 years of history, and until today it has managed to preserve the historical architectural appearance of the central part, against the backdrop of actively developing modern infrastructure. These two seemingly incompatible characteristics are so harmoniously combined that one gets the impression that the city always had a similar appearance.
Kazan is considered the third capital of Russia, at least, because the local sights are unique architectural sights, which were created under the influence of Russian and Tatar culture.
There are in the history of this city and quite tragic pages, such as the conquest of Ivan the Terrible and attempts to eradicate the Muslim religion and culture. But today he manages to be the standard of tolerance and multiculturalism, accepting tourists from all over the world, and demonstrating how peacefully Muslim mosques and Orthodox churches can cohabit in close proximity.
What is sure to see here and not get around your attention?
Kazan Kremlin. It is located in the historic part of the city, and was erected in 12th century. by decree of Tsar Ivan the Terrible. This is truly a great structure. The architectural complex occupies as much as 150 thousand square meters, and behind its walls there are many interesting places:
- It has its own "Leaning Tower of Pisa" - Syuyumbike. Locals are happy to tell you some legends associated with it. The most popular of them says that the Tatar queen Syuyumbike, not wanting to submit to the persistent Tsar Ivan the Terrible, was thrown off this tower. Since then, the building has significantly tilted, as if bending over a dead woman.
- Mosque Kul-Sharif. This is the main religious monument of the city. Tourists are not forbidden to look at it inside, but during a visit they need to observe certain rules - take off their shoes, take a scarf and a bathrobe at the entrance for women, and inside it is better to go to the viewing platform so as not to disturb those who pray.
After that, you can go down to the Museum of Islam, where the guides will tell a lot of interesting things about the formation and development of Eastern religion.
- Spasskaya and Taynitskaya towers. Initially, they were very similar, as they were built simultaneously, but later, due to multiple reconstructions, they found their unique “face”. From the observation deck of the Taynitskaya Tower there is a gorgeous view, often those who like to relax and enjoy the delightful landscapes come here.
Bauman Street. The main pedestrian "artery" of the city. She is the same age as the Kazan Kremlin. There is something to do here, both to fans of cultural recreation, and those who wish to relax in a cozy cafe. On the street there is one of the oldest Russian theaters - named after Kachalov, which has been operating since 1883, as well as the building of the National Bank, which is an example of neoclassicism.
Blue Lakes. From architectural landmarks to the natural. The unique lakes near Kazan, which never freeze, have healing properties. Salt mud helps to alleviate the course of dermatological diseases, and sometimes even eliminate them. And here it is very interesting to dive, exploring the underwater world.
Planetarium. It was opened only recently - in 2013. There are screenings of educational films, as well as tours, during which you will not only be given a look at the stars, but will also be told about the structure of the Universe. Fascinating rest guaranteed.
Millennium Bridge - one of the business cards of the city. It was built and commissioned in honor of the 1000th anniversary of Kazan, and quickly became its landmark. The huge letter "M", rising to 42 meters, symbolizes the centuries-old history of the city and serves as the main link of the whole structure.
Kremlin Embankment - A wonderful comfortable place for a pleasant stay. They come with pleasure to whole families on weekends. On the waterfront you can rent sports equipment - bicycles, gyroboards, rollers, and find entertainment for any age and wallet, and even take part in outdoor sports activities, and then sit in one of the cafes or restaurants.
For 3 days in Kazan it is quite possible to have time to see all the interesting places. And besides the main attractions, you can always go on a romantic cruise along the Volga with the second half or choose a family tour to the Riviera water park. For everyone here there is an occupation for the soul. Have a nice trip!
1. Outstanding Kazan Kremlin
Kazan Kremlin is a historic heart and the most beautiful place in Kazan. Here in the 10th century there were the most ancient Bulgarian fortifications, later - the fortress of the Kazan Khanate, and after the capture of the city by Ivan the Terrible, a majestic white-stone Kremlin was erected. Among the most interesting objects of the Kazan Kremlin is the Syuyumbike, a seven-tiered "falling" tower, which is deflected from the vertical by two meters. The Annunciation Cathedral, erected by prominent Pskov architects on the highest point of Kazan, became a true architectural masterpiece of the Kremlin. Nearby is the amazingly beautiful Kul-Sharif Mosque. And, of course, it is impossible to ignore the Presidential Palace - the official residence of the President of the Republic of Tatarstan.
6. Picturesque Blue Lake in Kazan
Kazan is famous not only for its cultural and religious masterpieces, but also for its carefully protected natural riches. One of these places is amazingly beautiful Blue Lake with crystal clear and healing water. The lake got its name due to the large reserves of therapeutic blue clay, located at the bottom. The lake is fed by strong underground sources, so the water in it, even in summer, does not warm up above 6 degrees. If you do not dare to plunge into the icy water, you can dive to the bottom of the Blue Lake in a diving suit - diving here is one of the most fascinating forms of recreation.
7. Park "Black Lake"
Park "Black Lake", located near the campus, is one of the most favorite vacation spots of local youth and guests of Kazan. It is not difficult to guess that once on the site of the park was the Black Lake. This large, clean reservoir was a great place for fishing and walking, so even in the distant XIX century the area around the Black Lake began to elevate. About a hundred years later, the reservoir began to dry out, and the marshland was decided to fall asleep. Thus, a modern park with slides, swings, cafes and other entertainment for children and adults appeared on the site of the lake. In winter, there is a skating rink and a skate rental. Annually in the park are held festive events dedicated to Maslenitsa, Sabantuy and the Day of the city.
8. Kazan Millennium Park
This beautiful park in Kazan, received among the residents of the city the alternative name "Millennium", became a symbol of the rich and rich history of the city. Openwork fence of the park is decorated with figures of winged serpents - Zilant. These mythological characters are often mentioned in Tatar legends and tales. The image of Zilant is very popular in Tatarstan - no wonder he is depicted on the emblem of Kazan. Most famous among newlyweds have already managed to acquire the fountain "Kazan" - according to a new established tradition, on the wedding day the newlyweds throw coins into it, making a wish. The main area of the park is called “Crossroads”. It symbolizes the meeting of two great cultures - East and West. The Millennium Park, located in the very center of the big city, has become one of the favorite places for the rest of the townspeople and a great place for celebrations.
9. Peterburgskaya street
Город Санкт-Петербург преподнес весьма оригинальный подарок жителям Казани ко дню 1000-летия города – этим подарком стала целая улица в стиле северной столицы. Прогуливаясь по Петербургской улице, можно встретить миниатюрные мостики, интересные скульптурные композиции, изящные уличные фонари и живописные фонтаны. Many architectural elements really resemble the silhouettes of St. Petersburg, for example, a small elegant building with a dome resembling the dome of the famous Kazan Cathedral. In this beautiful place are located such famous city buildings as the shopping and entertainment complex “Koltso”, the puppet theater “Ekiyat”, the grand hotel “Kazan”, the picturesque hotel “Suleiman Palace”.
10. Tatar State Puppet Theater "Ekiyat"
If you come to Kazan with children, you should definitely visit one of the most wonderful places in the city - the Ekiat puppet theater. Its name in Tatar means “fairy tale”. The amazingly beautiful white-stone palace, decorated with figurines of fairy-tale characters, immediately immerses its guests in an atmosphere of magic. Inside the theater is decorated no less original: the floor in the hall resembles a huge chessboard, benches for rest are made in the form of royal thrones, and the stage box looks like a glass palace. Today, Ekiyat repertoire has about 40 performances for every taste. Here you can get acquainted with the heroes of Tatar folklore, remember the favorite characters of Russian and Soviet fairy tales, as well as see modern children's productions.
These were the most beautiful places in Kazan. Thanks for attention!