- How to develop your vocabulary
- How to learn to speak beautifully and fluently
- How to increase your vocabulary
- - a pen,
- - paper
- - dictionaries
- - books,
- - interlocutors.
- Test for the stock of synonyms
- vocabulary development
Tip 3: How to develop linguistic abilities
1. Immerse yourself in the target language.
Use this language in everyday life, learn the meanings of various words and expressions, train their pronunciation.
2. Speak aloud the words and phrases.
Speak each word loudly and clearly, it contributes to better memorization.
3. Listen to audio recordings in a foreign language.
Start with simple musical compositions, and then gradually increase the level of difficulty. Read the translations to know what the song says.
4. Read a lot
No need to worry too much about incomprehensible words, just mark them in the text, and then work in a calm atmosphere with a dictionary.
5. Do not learn individual words, learn phrases.
Studying the phrases you will be able to replenish your vocabulary with several words at once, and also you will know how to use them better in speech.
6. Do not spend much time grammar
First, master the basic expressions that you can use in everyday life.
7. Do not strive for excellence.
Gradually advance in your knowledge, practice them, but do not set too ideal goals for yourself. Even a native speaker does not know it perfectly, because in all the languages of the world there are many unique aspects, the development of which is not very simple.
8. Set a goal
Determine for yourself why you need the language you are learning, how it will be useful to you in later life. Setting a goal has a positive effect on the productivity of learning a language, since you will be able to accurately realize its necessity.
9. Listen to the radio in a foreign language.
This will help you to perceive the language, learn new slang expressions, trace the correct pronunciation of words.
10. Don't spend too much money for school and tutoring languages.
There are many free resources for learning languages. The main condition for your success in this business is motivation.
According to the scientific vocabulary is called lexicon, meaning words familiar to an individual, group or included in the language. It is conditionally divided into,
- Active. The first group includes words used every day. They are written and spoken. Sign of active lexicon - free use, not requiring additional application of effort.
- Passive. The passive are clear words, found in various sources, but not used in speech, or used, but extremely rare. If necessary, they are used, but it takes effort to remember.
- External. The external lexicon denotes unknown words belonging to specific areas of knowledge. These are professional terms, neologisms and so on. It is hardly possible to make clear boundaries between these groups. They are rather shaky and fluctuate in one direction or the other. With growing up and mental development, the lexicon grows.
So, if a child going to the first class has two thousand words, then in the last one this number already grows to five thousand. For those who learn and develop further, vocabulary reaches 10,000 words or more. Then most of them belong to the passive stock.
Erudite people sometimes even have 50,000 words. But, only a small part is used daily in communication. The rest of the lexicon is used only with intellectuals like him.
Exercises to expand vocabulary
The following exercises are performed in written or oral form.
- Nouns. They tell a little story using nouns alone. "Day. Work. The end. Output. A door. Key. Entrance A machine. Key. Ignition "and so on.
- Verbs. The same thing that was told with the use of nouns is repeated, only with verbs.
- Adjectives and adverbs. Then comes the turn and other parts of speech.
- Alphabet. Come up with related words that sequentially begin with the letters of the alphabet in order. “Alain talks in the evening, walking up to the cherished fir tree, gesticulating and eloquently nurturing sweet tender dandelions. A pasha next door follows, pulling a convenient flashlight chrome-plated, often catching on the quick chirping in an extravagant, humorous language. ”
- Monofon. Come up with his speech, the words of which begin in one letter. Each of them is connected with each other, even if the meaning suffers.
Not easy to perform each of the exercises. But the words are gradually moving from the passive lexicon to the active one and it is being replenished.
Techniques for expanding the lexicon without extra time
The development of vocabulary, in fact, is necessary for the articulation of their thoughts, intentions, analysis and conclusions. This skill is reinforced by practice and weakened in its absence. Therefore, to develop your speech, you should constantly communicate. The growth of vocabulary is provided: when learning new words that we hear from interlocutors, precise definitions when words are translated from passive lexicon to active.
- Therefore, it is desirable to communicate with dissimilar people. These are friends, neighbors, fellow students, comrades in the gym. People found on the Internet on the forums and social networking pages, fellow travelers and sellers also serve as an opportunity for communication and as a way to expand their speech.
- Another effective way to replenish the vocabulary for which you do not need to devote special time is listening to audio books. This is true when you have to spend a lot of time on the road, driving your car, ideal for audials (for people who are better at listening to information). In this format, sold a variety of books: novels, and aphorisms, and philosophies. Writing to the flash drive, you can now not get bored in a traffic jam, but listen to a fascinating story. It is convenient to listen to audio books before bedtime.
Lexicon replenishment with time allocation
The following classes will help increase vocabulary.
- Reading. Reading is the richest source of information. Books, newspapers, online publications, magazines - everywhere there are inexhaustible reserves of replenishment of the lexicon. It is advisable to set aside an hour a day for this exciting activity. Sometimes it's good to say the words out loud.
- Studying of foreign language. Do not limit your vocabulary to the knowledge of one Russian. Others study is also helpful. The more a person enriches his speech, the better the connections are provided, and the easier it is to recall words from memory.
- Games. There are interesting fascinating linguistic games: charades, puzzles, and the like. When they are guessed, they are inevitably interested in words and meaning.
- A diary. Another useful activity is keeping a diary. When it is impossible to go to a foreign language course, write for yourself. This is a good way to improve the vocabulary, as it makes notes that formulate thoughts that are in emotional and stimulating spheres.
- Memorization. Memorization makes it possible to introduce new words in the active stock. For this is a way to retell what he heard, memorizing poems and definitions. It is one of the most effective methods of learning new knowledge.
For this it is important:
- add new words to speech every day
- apply a notebook, writing there intricate utterances, words, phrases with clever expressions,
- learn the essence of new words by adding the technique of visualization,
- memorize poems, quotes, sayings and more.
To improve the lexicon, conscious action is needed. To achieve beautiful speech requires constant training. Ignoring new words will not give them a chance to get into an active or passive vocabulary. It turns out that those who want to expand their vocabulary and enrich their language should undertake regular volitional efforts for this.
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- How to increase the vocabulary: 4 tips
Tip 1. We are engaged in retelling and expanding vocabulary.
Read a short story or chapter from a book, after which tell yourself what you read.
And try not to use the word parasites.
Retell the text in as much detail as possible using all the words in the text.
Next, compare your retelling with the source and underline the unused words.
Tip 2. We read out loud and increase vocabulary.
Reading out loud, we also replenish our vocabulary. After all, if you quickly ran the text with your eyes, unfamiliar words can not sit down in memory. But when reading aloud, all rare and unfamiliar words will be better stored in memory.
Reading constantly out loud, later you may not even notice how you will start using more words and expressions in everyday vocabulary.
Tip 3. Use unfamiliar words and improve vocabulary.
In the evening, choose 2-3 new words for yourself, and the next day try to use them, inserting them into sentences.
The unfamiliar words used in everyday speech are remembered many times faster!
Tip 4. Memorize poems and increase your vocabulary.
Remembering the poem and pronouncing it out loud you, thus, memorize unfamiliar words and unconsciously begin to use them in everyday speech.
You may be interested in the article "How to overcome the fear of communication."
- How to read books to improve your vocabulary
It is quite obvious that in order to enrich the lexicon it is useful to read a lot - just what and exactly how to read? For our generation of reference, it will most likely be a speech of the mid-twentieth century, which, on the one hand, is close to modern in many ways, and on the other, has not yet managed to incorporate the barbarism and jargon that came during the perestroika era.
Having taken a work of art in our hands, we, as a rule, quickly take a great interest in the plot, stop paying attention to the vocabulary, and the linguistic richness of the novel passes safely past all the radars. To avoid this, you can apply a psychological trick and read memoirs, autobiographies or any other books written in the first person. If you read them slowly and thoughtfully, and ideally also out loud, ready-made phrases will fall into our memory, which we can use when we talk about ourselves. True, it is necessary to extract these phrases from memory as soon as possible so that they do not go into the mud of the passive dictionary.
Reading and memorizing verses is doubly useful - not only vocabulary is learned, but also syntax. Despite the fact that in the Russian language the word order in the sentence is fairly free, we do not love to fully enjoy this freedom (which is quite rational from the point of view of economy of mental effort).
Each of us has chosen syntactic constructions that limit our lexical range - accordingly, if we dream of expanding this range, we must take a creative approach to building phrases. When you write etudes, boldly juggle with the order of words, redraw the syntax, insert the participial and implicated turns more often - this is a good incentive to activate the passive vocabulary.
The inclusion of new words in the speech is an extremely natural process, starting at a very early age, continuing to the end of life and, frankly speaking, quite simple.
- An effective practical exercise that will help increase lexical reserve
Tell your friends about the movie you've watched (or a read book). In detail, with emotions.
If you got it easy, and you talked about the film for more than 20 minutes, then you have a vocabulary. If you were able to say only in general terms, using the words from the commercial, it means that you need to learn how to speak out loud. It is not necessary for this to become a speaker.
Best of all, start by describing movies or reading books.
Set yourself a task - each film you watch will retell your friends out loud, in detail, with emotions ... So that this is a wonderful story, not a statement of facts and a listing of scenes from the film. This is the best way to create, replenish, and develop vocabulary.
Retell books, and not only impressions, but the whole plot.
- 5 ways to increase vocabulary
1) It’s not enough to read words - they need to be used. Translate “read words” into “words used in speech”. Speak these words in your speech and in the internal dialogue.
2) Write letters, articles using new words. Accumulate passive vocabulary by reading books.
3) Do “homework”. Speak out loud before speaking. Before important conversations.
4) Tell, retell parables, stories, news, books to your friends. Tell us about the book you read or the movie you watched. So will increase the active vocabulary.
5) And, of course, it is necessary to master the techniques of speaking with a prepared speech, and techniques of speaking impromptu (not just read about it, but also master it). Then at the right time you will come up with the necessary words, and you will always have something to say.
- Methods of increasing active lexicon
During a conversation, each participant enlarges his vocabulary from the interlocutor’s arsenal - a word exchange occurs between them,
2) Reading out loud.
This is the most effective method. Reading silently, we also replenish our vocabulary, but not so quickly, because in this way we only see the words, while reading aloud, we also hear them besides that and, most importantly, we pronounce them, therefore we remember better
3) Retell close to the text.
When the text is fresh in memory, during its retelling we are more inclined to operate with precisely the words with which it was written, thus translating some words from passive to asset,
4) Work with a dictionary of synonyms.
In Russian, there are very rich synonymic series - each word has an average of 5-6 synonyms, some words can have up to forty synonyms (for example, “big”, “good”), take any text (your letter, announcement, statement, article and etc.) and with the help of a dictionary, try to replace its words with appropriate synonyms so that the meaning of the text is not affected,
5) Learn by heart the most.
Poems and prose, quotes, aphorisms, proverbs, etc. It is very convenient to memorize all sorts of texts, repeatedly listening to them in the recording.
- 10 ways to replenish the child's vocabulary
The learned poem is stored in memory together with all grammatical structures in the correct form, with all the vocabulary and context. It is advisable to learn 1 poem per week.
2) Word Formation: suffixes, prefixes.
If the child learns word formation, vocabulary will automatically increase by hundreds of points. This formation of diminutive forms, exaggerations, colloquial variations, etc.
3) With word formation it is useful to play, and then it turns into word creation.
When children begin to have fun with word formation, they are completely “included” in the language. Poem will help start the game, for example, “We are with grandfather” by Mikhail Yasnov:
4) Work with the dictionary in pictures.
Open the dictionary, invent the task and scroll through the search for appropriate words. For example, we can save the enchanted princess. For this we need to prepare a magic potion. The boiler is there, the spoon is there, it remains to find the ingredients. What we put in the pot?
5) Montessori rule.
Even kids need to be corrected: "This is not a bird, this is a cuckoo." "The worm does not go, he crawls." I know that many people disagree with this rule and consider it inadequate to demand specifics from a child, but the rule works even in bilinguals.
6) Control the interchangeability of words.
Children will never go the way of the greatest resistance. Therefore, one learned word will prefer to use instead of the other five, close in meaning. All this can be gently corrected.
7) Reading: stories, letters, notes.
At any level of language learning.
We practically do not use the names of birds, plants, animals, insects, mushrooms, fish in everyday speech, but they are often found in literature and form a passive vocabulary. In no case can you cram them up. It is best to work them out during the game of lotto, the benefit of children's lotto in 90% of cases is based on such vocabulary.
9) Proverbs and sayings.
They can not specifically remember. It is enough if they will be regularly repeated in the parent speech. Everything is as usual: we choose only a couple of sayings for a week or two, we hang ourselves a reminder in a prominent place, and at the right moment we don’t forget to use these sayings. (Read patters for the development of speech and diction).
10) Selection of common words. Including verbs and adjectives.
Usually, vocabulary expansion means an increase in the number of familiar nouns. Moreover, almost every child has problems with the use of verbs and adjectives, i.e. children use the simplest verbs for years. Therefore, in games and exercises, do not forget to work out these parts of speech.
There are a lot of words in Russian. But in our speech we use at most 3%. Our conversational speech revolves around the same phrases. It’s time to change.
Increasing vocabulary will help you not only become smarter, but also enhance your memory. А также поспособствует тому, что вы начнете ясно излагать свои мысли. То есть станете интересным собеседником.
Материал подготовлен Дилярой специально для agydar.ru
When we think about how to expand vocabulary, it is important to understand that first of all it is about increasing the active vocabulary.
Active vocabulary - these are the words that we use in everyday life, communicating with friends, family, colleagues. We pronounce them easily and naturally, they are firmly embedded in oral and written speech. We do not need much effort in order to find the right word.
Passive vocabulary is words, the meaning of which is generally understood and known to us, but we practically do not use them. Perhaps this is inappropriate in our social circle, or there are some other reasons. Then, to remember a word, we have to make some effort.
External vocabulary - these are highly specialized terms, the meaning of which we do not fully know. These are usually words that are used in a professional environment among a small circle of people.
As a rule, for most people, an active vocabulary is very limited: well, if one hundredth of the total volume is used in speech. Therefore, when the question arises of how to replenish your vocabulary, this means that you need first of all to replenish the supply of constantly used words.
Learn to speak again
What do we do when we share our impressions with friends or call support and cannot find the right name or accurately describe our emotions or feelings?
Come to the aid of the word-parasites, verbal debris, or even the native Russian mat. "Type", "This, as his ...", "I go nuts ..." - we all know firsthand. And the expression "this rubbish" can be described anything at all.
But we have agreed with you that we will think about how to increase the vocabulary, right? Then we begin to develop awareness:
- Start training with a person you trust.
- Take any small story: the emotionally tinged event is best suited for training.
- Begin to tell it slowly, stopping yourself in moments when you want to use words like “wow”, “I'm in shock”, “well”, “here” and others.
- Replace them with words that describe your feelings, use colorful epithets. If at first it is difficult to pick them up, stop, pause, try on the "taste" of different options, until you find exactly the right one.
- Do not take too seriously an exercise, let it be a fun cooperative game-entertainment. You can assign comic penalties to those who use more words-parasites in one story. Gradually discard substitute words in everyday communication.
How to enrich the vocabulary
The recipe is, in fact, very simple: to learn to speak beautifully, you need ... to speak. It's true. Learn to speak in direct communication. Tell stories, stories of books or movies, news or impressions. Try to use new words that have not been used before. Include them in your life consciously.
To solve the problem of how to increase the number of words used, will help and written speech. Write letters. Write on the forums or in social networks. Try writing an article or essay. Keep a diary.
Carefully select the words and speech turns, look for synonyms - in this case practice is important and practice again.
Public speeches and responsible conversations help to enrich speech. Sketch on paper in advance. Practice, look for different options that most accurately and fully reflect your point of view. If you have to speak to a large audience, let the speech be bright and rich, rather than dull and unemotional.
Learn verses by heart, retell texts. It is important not just to tell the text, but to make it as close as possible to the author's style, paying attention to new words and idioms. Tell emotionally, with an expression, then new words will be remembered easier.
- Constantly replenish active and passive vocabulary: it is important that both. Listen to audiobooks, solve crossword puzzles, watch useful educational programs and communicate with educated developed people.
- To better memorize a new word or turn of speech, create a vivid image, visualize it within yourself. Words are well remembered in conjunction with others, in sentences, and not by themselves.
- Record your favorite quotes and expressions. Use them in your speech. The main thing is that it is appropriate.
- Do not use slang words and mate: be creative, look for colorful bright substitutes.
- Do not fill short-term memory with useless information.
- Learn a foreign language. Any. Oddly enough, this allows you to simultaneously replenish the active and passive vocabulary of the native language, too.
How to activate passive word set
Passive vocabulary is replenished with us constantly. This basically happens in two cases: at the time when we listen and when we read. So its filling begins in the very childhood. Purposefully memorize words while it does not make much sense: they will remain passive.
- Match aliases to words
Very well helps to activate the passive stock selection of synonyms. There is a whole series of interesting games, when a phenomenon or object must be described in words, excluding the use of familiar and frequently used words from the list. You can arrange such games in a friendly company or work out alone.
It is useful to make lists of synonyms. For example, a dictionary of feelings. Write down in the column all the feelings you know and try next to write as many synonyms for them as possible. Of course, it is important not only to write them, but also to use them in your spoken and written speech.
Another useful and entertaining exercise: composing a story using nouns alone. Or verbs. Or - the most difficult - adjectives. Remember? "Night. The outside. Lamp. Pharmacy". How can I continue?
Here are other options: compose a story, where the words begin with each letter of the alphabet in order. Or all the words of just one letter. It’s important that the story be connected.
A sign of education
The problem of expanding active vocabulary arises more often when learning a foreign language than when using a native language. Conducting a conversation in English, Italian or Chinese, we occasionally find ourselves in a situation where we don’t know a specific word, cannot find a synonym for it, and even in a roundabout way, through descriptions, comparisons and associations, are not able to express a thought - which means we need to grab for the dictionary. It's easier with the native language: if the necessary lexical unit does not come to mind, we will always find a way to get out, having chosen a more or less exact equivalent for it.
We think about the increase in vocabulary within our native language if we need to impress the audience or we want to impress the interlocutor with eloquence - that is, when emotions are connected to the case. Extensive vocabulary is an indicator of education and contributes to self-esteem, and for journalists, copywriters and translators it is also a tool for earning. In strategic terms, masterful mastery of the word helps us to express our thoughts, emotions and attitudes to life situations as accurately as possible and to build effective communication.
The traditional list of recommendations for expanding vocabulary is two or three clicks away from us and wanders from blog to blog, year after year with minimal changes. This list has its own truth, but some advices already correlate poorly with the realities of today's life and with the modern way of thinking, communicating and gaining knowledge. And others from the very beginning seemed suspicious, but nevertheless continue to be presented as effective recipes. We will criticize the model tips later, but right now let's talk about something relevant.
Before you begin to enrich your everyday vocabulary, you need to prepare a place in your mind and speech for new words - to clear the territory, so to speak. Up until now, we have somehow expressed our thoughts through limited vocabulary, haven't we? We used it to communicate with people of different ages and professions, described technical support staff with the essence of the most unimaginable problems, passed sessions, held interviews, chatted with friends for hours ... We did it through simple reception: when the right word was not found, his place in the sentence was occupied by one of our favorite parasites. Parasites are considered to be such speech weeds as “well,” “here,” and “as if,” but in our case, this class should include hundreds of chameleon words that can change meaning and connotation depending on the context. For example, the expression “I am in shock” in this or that situation can be interpreted as “I am surprised / astonished / amazed / delighted / outraged / scared / stunned / flattering / indignant / do not understand / do not accept / furious / stung” and so on. Words like “thing”, “zafigachit”, “cool” are so capacious and universal that we can substitute with them almost a third of the more highly specialized lexicon. The record for the ability to replace with itself absolutely any lexical unit is, of course, the whole diversity (or is it monotony?) Of the Russian mat.
To feel how active vocabulary increases with each day, you have to force yourself to abandon your favorite universal word substitutes and not be lazy to choose the noun or adjective that will most accurately convey thoughts and feelings. Identifying unwanted elements in speech is easier than it seems: it is enough to carefully read your correspondence last week in WhatsApp, Facebook or any other messenger and make a list of the most frequently used words with which you used to plug sense holes. Hand the list to a friend or colleague and ask him to pull you down and make a note in a notebook each time a word parasite slips into your speech or writing. For every 50 marks, you can treat your friend to dinner, or give him a bottle of champagne, or wash his car — without strong motivation, backed by economic or labor sanctions, it will be difficult to part with your favorite hackneyed words. It is likely that when you learn to slow down every time you try to pronounce “crap” or “nyashny”, the memory itself will start throwing meaningful literary synonyms from the passive dictionary.
Make it a rule to write posts on the social network, spending on it for 10 minutes three times a day. In the morning, at lunch and in the evening, give a miniature sketch on any interesting topic, carefully considering each phrase and trying to screw in as many strange words as possible. The goal is for friends to suspect that your account has been hacked and that it is not you who are writing, because the style and syllable are completely unrecognizable. Re-read your previous posts regularly and try to avoid repeating both lexical items and grammatical structures. If you are enraged by the moral exhibitionists who spread their lunches and mood swings for everyone to see, change the privacy settings and make these posts visible only to you. As an alternative, of course, you can create a paper notebook or a Word file and write etudes there - but in social networks we sit there anyway, and the file must also be found in the folder and open, which will not always have enough time.
Keep a notebook of synonyms or write words on cards - one of the most popular classic vocabulary tips. The big disadvantage of this method is that it is most effective to learn words not individually, but in context and in relation to a specific topic - it’s not for nothing that in a foreign language textbook every lesson is built around a specific topic. If you like to use notebooks and cards (whether paper or electronic), it will be more useful not just to memorize words one by one, but to invent phrases with them and visualize different conversational situations.
It seems a little doubtful that the common advice is to always keep a dictionary close at hand and to look into it more often. In itself, this is a wonderful idea, except that it is aimed at expanding the passive rather than the active vocabulary. Having opened an arbitrary page of the explanatory dictionary, we will make sure that we know for a long time the majority of the words quoted there, and we probably don’t need those that we don’t know. So we keep the dictionary nearby, but we don’t place special hopes on it.
How to read books
It is quite obvious that in order to enrich the lexicon it is useful to read a lot - just what and exactly how to read? For our generation of reference, it will most likely be a speech of the mid-twentieth century, which, on the one hand, is close to modern in many ways, and on the other, has not yet managed to incorporate the barbarism and jargon that came during the perestroika era. Having taken a work of art in our hands, we, as a rule, quickly take a great interest in the plot, stop paying attention to the vocabulary, and the linguistic richness of the novel passes safely past all the radars. To avoid this, you can apply a psychological trick and read memoirs, autobiographies or any other books written in the first person. If you read them slowly and thoughtfully, and ideally also out loud, ready-made phrases will fall into our memory, which we can use when we talk about ourselves. True, it is necessary to extract these phrases from memory as soon as possible so that they do not go into the mud of the passive dictionary.
Reading and memorizing verses is doubly useful - not only vocabulary is learned, but also syntax. Despite the fact that in the Russian language the word order in the sentence is fairly free, we do not love to fully enjoy this freedom (which is quite rational from the point of view of economy of mental effort). Each of us has chosen syntactic constructions that limit our lexical range - accordingly, if we dream of expanding this range, we must take a creative approach to building phrases. For example, if we are accustomed to using impersonal sentences in the spirit of "I want," the synonymous series would be predictably narrow: "I dream / I want to hunt / I need / I need." But one has only to express the same thought with the help of the subject and the predicate, “I want”, as the space for maneuver will expand: “I demand / I wish / I insist / I need” and so on. When you write etudes, boldly juggle with the order of words, redraw the syntax, insert the participial and implicated turns more often - this is a good incentive to activate the passive vocabulary.
Finally, the most important thing. Do not take the replenishment of vocabulary as a responsible multistage task, for which time should be allocated and to gather with the spirit. This is not rhythmic gymnastics or neurosurgery, where you have to spend many years and efforts to achieve a result. The inclusion of new words in the speech is an extremely natural process, starting at a very early age, continuing to the end of life and, frankly speaking, quite simple.
Icons: 1) Berkay Sargın, 2) Thomas Le Bas, 3) Kelig Le Luron, 4) Iris Vidal.
How to replenish human vocabulary
Read speech development books
You probably know that reading books is useful for a variety of reasons. This process can help improve memory, diction, and, of course, can have a positive impact on the quality of your vocabulary. Start with those writers whose work you understand and understand. Over time, move on to more complex works. Pay attention to the text that contains interesting expressions that you would like to remember and subsequently use. Re-read these expressions of hearing - so you better remember them. The most interesting of them can be written in a separate notebook.
Expand vocabulary with smart people
If you want to replenish your vocabulary with interesting adverbial turns or simply with clever words, then, of course, you should not neglect communication with intellectuals. If you notice that the speech of the people who surround you is very poor, then, of course, you should understand that you will not learn the necessary skills for yourself from communicating with them. Moreover, you yourself can lose the acquired lexical inventory.
Do not be afraid to seem silly, starting to communicate with people who know a lot of interesting information - this is one of the most effective ways to increase your intellectual level, and it was unreasonable not to use it.
Improve your speech and vocabulary by learning new words
When you hear or notice a new word while reading, do not at all try to “slip through” it - see the definition in the dictionary. In addition, it is important to note for yourself in what particular turn of speech this word is used. After that, try to mentally replace it with a suitable synonym. Subsequently, having fully understood the meaning of an unfamiliar word, you will be able to replenish your vocabulary with it. To make it easier to remember, try to visualize it in your mind by adding images related to this word. Пусть картинка в вашем воображении будет максимально насыщенна.
Как повысить словарный запас русского языка
Какую литературу читать для развития грамотной речи
Для нашего времени эталонной можно назвать речь середины двадцатого века – она максимально приближена к современной, однако еще не вобрала в себя различные жаргонизмы и варваризмы, появившиеся впоследствии. Therefore, it is desirable to give preference to the literature mainly of this period. The most effective books will be Russian and English classics.
It is also worth noting that there are special books that help in the development of speech. Let's name some of them. First of all, pay attention to the “Mastery of on-air performance” by B. D, Gaymakova. First of all, the book will be interesting to people who plan to work on television and radio. However, all the rest of this work will be useful. It includes three parts that tell about the rules of public speaking, technology and culture of speech.
We advise you not to overlook the book of N. Gal “The Word is living and dead.” The author is a famous translator, but her work will be of interest not only to her colleagues. The work will help you find your own style, avoiding the "dead" language.
Every day, learn a new word
Every day if you will enrich your vocabulary with a new word, then, of course, after a while you will be able to shine with new knowledge very effectively. There are many applications and websites offering to learn new words. Also communities with this orientation exist in VK. It is important to remember that you do not just need to learn unfamiliar words - they should be used in everyday life. In the evening, learn some new concept for yourself, and the next day try to apply it in a conversation with someone. So memorization will be much more effective.
Hearing an unfamiliar word, be sure to "google" its meaning
As soon as you happen to hear a word whose meaning you do not know or has a character rather vague to you, remember it. To be sure, you can write it on a piece of paper. Subsequently, at the first opportunity, look on the Internet the meaning of the word.
Read aloud, retell, learn poems
Reading aloud, as well as memorizing verses is doubly useful. Thus, you not only develop your memory, but also learn vocabulary and syntax. In Russian, the word order in a sentence can be called fairly free, but not all use this freedom to the fullest. Almost every one of us has the usual syntactic constructs ready, thereby limiting the lexical range. If you have a task to expand this range, then you should use a creative approach when building phrases. For example, if you are used to using the phrase “I want”, then try to replace it with others - “I wish,” “I would like,” and so on. Of course, reading these or other works will help you to easily replace previously chosen phrases.
Nevertheless, quite often, having started reading, we immerse ourselves in the plot, almost without focusing on vocabulary. As a result, the language abundance of the work often passes by us. To avoid this, use the following psychological trick: read the books that the author wrote in the first person. When you study them without haste and thoughtfully, ready-made phrases will be stored in your memory, which you can later use when talking about yourself.
Simple words replace with complex, expanding horizons
Try to use in your speech more complex words, replacing them with simple words that you used to use earlier. To do this, to any words that you regularly use, look for synonyms. So you greatly enrich and diversify your vocabulary. Do not treat this task as something very complex and requiring serious energy costs - this is a natural process that can continue until the end of life.
Solving crossword puzzles is not just fun, but also a great way to increase vocabulary. Do not neglect this opportunity on vacation, at home, on the road. Pay attention to the crossword puzzles that are published in well-known, well-reputed editions.
If you spend a lot of time behind the wheel, and you have little free time in order to read works of art and study dictionaries, then listen to audio books. Also, this technique is useful for those people who better perceive information precisely by ear. Do not even doubt that if you pass the time in traffic to the sound of a good audiobook, these minutes will benefit you.
At times, vocabulary enrichment can occur in moments of watching various videos. We are talking about all sorts of quizzes, intellectual talk shows, documentary projects. Also, do not overlook the special courses that contribute to the replenishment of the lexicon. Thus, you can not only have a good time, but also benefit your own self-development. Of course, it is important to distinguish standing materials from unnecessary to you. For example, if you see in a television program that the time of the next youth reality show or the stupid action movie of the 90s is approaching with the corresponding translation, then it is better to devote time to something else, because such viewing will not only benefit you, but also harm .
You may be faced with the fact that it is very difficult for you to memorize new terms. In this situation, the already mentioned “method of notes” will help. Get a pack of stickers, then write a new word on one side of the piece of paper, and its meaning on the other. Now put stickers on the apartment. Now the "complex" words will constantly come across your eyes, and you will be able to re-read their meanings again and again until they are fully understood and included in your usual vocabulary.
You will quickly learn how to correctly use new expressions if you are engaged in writing. To do this, of course, it is not necessary to be a writer - just allocate at least half an hour a day to write some small text. It can be a simple statement of one's own thoughts on one or another occasion.
For example, you can write about what you dream about, what people are unpleasant to you, what you are able to delight in another person and the like. You can even write a multi-page article on a topic that interests you. Taking up the writing of any text, you will have some time to think about your thoughts, so that you will have the opportunity to learn how to correctly apply new phrases by succinctly inserting them into the text in the right place. Writing, of course, refers to the creative activity that activates your mental potential. Naturally, this remarkably trains the brain, allowing you to recall words that you had practically never used in speech before.