Despite the name, this article is not about politics, but about beauty, or rather, about the beauty of a flower.
The Iron Lady is called Aspidistra for her ability to survive in conditions in which other plants die. In our country, this plant is often called the “friendly family” - due to the abundance of basal leaves.
The scientific name Aspidistra comes from two Greek words aspis - shield and astron - star. It is given to the plant, most likely because of the shape of its stigma. In total, there are more than 8 species of aspidistra, and scientists argue that this plant is one of the most ancient on earth. And it is easy to believe in it, knowing about the amazing vital ability of a flower.
In Japan, aspidistra leaves are used in the preparation of various flower arrangements that this country is famous for, which created the flower arrangement. In our country, most often large specimens of apidistra are grown in winter gardens, placed in lobbies and living rooms, where there is insufficient lighting for other more light-loving plants. Aspidistra itself is very decorative and is able to decorate any room with its thick brushwood.
Aspidistra - Aspidistra is an evergreen, herbaceous stemless plant of the lily family. The short, dense rhizome of the plant is half hidden in the soil. From it on long hard roots dark green glossy leaves grow. The leaves of some species of aspidistra are decorated with yellow or white stripes. Even aspidistra there are small scaly leaves that serve as a ram, helping to break through the soil layer of the main leaf. Aspidistra high - Aspidistra elatior is grown in apartments and offices. This plant, like other stemless species.
Dark green leaves have the shape of an ellipsis. Their size is - length up to 50 cm, width up to 15 cm. In total, on their petioles, they rise up to half a meter in height, sometimes even taller. Each leaf grows from its own separate shoot. The leaves of this species may be variegated - with white, cream, yellow stripes. If this plant is put on a well-lit window sill, then it will bloom with single yellowish, dirty-purple or dark-purple flowers, resembling an open cup. Flowers are located almost near the rhizome itself in the leaf axils. Aspidistra blooms, usually in winter. Some lovers pollinate them artificially and then the fruits of a single-seedling appear, having the appearance of a small pear.
This plant can live up to 100 years.
Homeland aspidistra strongly shaded, subtropical forests of South China, East India, Vietnam and Japan. In the wild, thickets of aspidistra usually form a kind of undergrowth. At home, the aspidistra is also easily reconciled with shading, located at some distance from the window and the northern side, but grows better on bright window sills. Northeastern and northwestern will do. If there is little light, the variegated forms of the plant lose their variegation. Good lighting aspidistram required especially in winter. They can be illuminated with fluorescent lamps. However, aspidistra can not tolerate direct sunlight. Aspidistre suitable room temperature, in winter a lower - +15 - + 12C. In the summer, it is better to take it out to fresh air - to the balcony, loggia, terrace, to the garden, but be sure to shade from the hot summer sun. At the cottage, she will feel good in the shade of fruit trees.
If the temperature in the room is above +20, then the plant requires almost daily spraying. 2 times a week, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. From spring to autumn aspidistru should water it is plentiful, and in the winter moderately and not often - in 1-2 days after drying of the top layer of the soil. Earthen ball should not be overdried, not too wet. Water for irrigation of aspidistra must be defended for at least 2 days. The aspidistre needs fresh air, so the room needs to be aired.
Feed the plant From April to September, once every two to three weeks, complex mineral fertilizer purchased at a flower shop, following the instructions on the bag. It is not necessary to feed in the autumn-winter period.
Transplant Aspidistra does not tolerate well, so the plants are transplanted only when absolutely necessary - for example, if the pot or tub becomes small and the whole turf is covered with roots. Young plants are transplanted 1 time in 2-3 years. And in adults, you can simply replace the topsoil every year.
Propagated by dividing rhizomes. The plant is removed from the pot, the leaves with the roots are separated with a sharp knife. For successful rooting and growth it is necessary that on each part of the divided plant there should be at least 5-6 sheets. All cuts should be sprinkled with crushed charcoal. It is better to immediately plant an aspidistru in a large pot. At the bottom you need to put drainage in the form of broken brick, pebbles. The soil is prepared from a mixture of sod, humus soil and sand - 2: 2: 1 or sod, leaf soil, earth, humus and sand - 2: 2: 2: 1. Lovers often plant an aspidistra just in the usual garden or garden land and the plant grows beautifully. When transplanting, care must be taken not to damage even the smallest roots. After the plants are transplanted or separated, pots with aspidistra need to hold a few days in a warm room.
Aspidistra rarely gets sick. Sometimes she is attacked by scale insects - small sucking insects, in an adult state they are easy to detect by a hard coating - a shield. You need to remove them manually. Then wipe the plant with a soap rag.
If the plant is running, you will have to process it with Carbofos, following the instructions. When attacking a spider mite plant, when detecting the first spider webs or browning leaves, treat it with an atellite .. But if you follow the spraying and wiping mode with a damp cloth, thus maintaining air humidity, then mites will not appear. Amateur flower growers recommend, in order to prevent infection with spider mites and flaps, spray an aspidister with tincture of onion or garlic husk 1 time in 7-10 days.
Interestingly, in their homeland aspidistra is considered a medicinal plant. It is used in gastrointestinal disorders, diarrhea, stones in the kidneys and bladder, cramps and muscle pain. But it is impossible to independently treat with this plant.
Mages say that aspidistra strengthens family, friendships and working relationships. Therefore, they are recommended to grow up to all those who want peace, love and friendship in the family and in the team at work.
Guest from the mountain wet forests
Aspidistra (Aspidistra) is a stemless herb of the Asparagaceae family. The mountainous forest areas of South and East Asia and Japan are considered the birthplace of this flower. In total, there are 94 species in nature, but Aspidistra high (Aspidistra elatior), which is successfully grown at home, is considered the most popular.
An interesting fact is related to the origin of the name of the flower. At home, the “iron lady” grows in a solid carpet, under which no land is visible. A person advancing through the forest thickets, by stirring the leaves of aspidistra, could guess about the approach of the snake (or other small animal). It is from here that the name of this amazing flower appeared: “aspidis” - a poisonous snake, “tra” - a decree that literally means “points to a snake”.
The beauty of the leaves and the unusual flowering
The main decoration of the flower are large, dark green, with a glossy shine leaves, located on long petioles. The length reaches 60 cm, and their width is about 15 cm. The aspidistra Variegata has a sheet plate with yellow or white stripes. This species is more sensitive to the microclimate and not so easy to clean.
Many indoor plant lovers will say that the “iron lady” never blooms, but they are mistaken. Aspidistra has an unusual flowering, most often occurring in the winter. Light pink flowers with dark lilac middle resemble an open star-shaped box (about 2.5 cm in diameter). They grow right on the rhizomes of plants on the surface of the earth, so they can be difficult to notice.
With artificial pollination, berries appear that resemble a pigeon's egg. In its natural environment it is pollinated by snails and slugs.
We create conditions for good growth.
"Iron Lady" grows slowly, for a year only 4-5 new leaves appear, but at the same time the plant can last for more than 10 years under room conditions. No matter how unpretentious the flower is, it is still desirable for him to create the necessary conditions for normal development. How to grow a beautiful and healthy plant?
- Choosing a place. The aspidistra develops well in low-light areas (the exception is the variegated look, which is more light-demanding), so the flower pot can be placed in the darkest corner of the room, but it grows best on window sills with diffused light.
In the summer the plant will be comfortable in the fresh air. You can put it on the balcony, terrace or put in the garden, but it is worth remembering that direct sunlight is destructive for this flower. The “friendly family” in the shade of the trees will feel perfect.
- Temperature mode. Aspidistra grows well in moderate conditions, in winter the optimum temperature is 15 degrees, but even at 5 degrees it will develop normally. In summer, the ideal temperature is 20 degrees. The plant does not tolerate heat, which can turn yellow and dry leaves. In this case, it is necessary to increase the humidity. Often engage in watering and spraying the flower, periodically use a shower to wash the leaves or wipe them with a cloth.
- Watering. In the cold season, the plant is watered moderately and rarely: 2 days after the top layer of the soil dries out. From spring to autumn, the “iron lady” is watered often and abundantly, but the soil should have time to dry out. Water for irrigation must be defended for several days.
- Fertilizer. To the leaves of the "friendly family" were always juicy and glossy, it must be periodically fed with various fertilizers. Feeding is carried out in a period of rapid growth - from March to September, 2 times a month. Fertilizers are used for deciduous plants (for example, Uniflor-Rost or Uniflor - green leaf).
- Transfer. It is best to engage in planting in April or May. But it is advisable to do this no more than 1 time in 3 years, as aspidistra does not tolerate such a procedure. You can repot only young flowers with a large lump of earth, and very carefully, so as not to damage the roots. For an adult plant, only the top layer of soil is changed annually.
- Reproduction. Occurs by dividing rhizomes. To do this, the plant is taken out of the pot and the leaves with the roots are cut off with a knife. In order for the flower to take root better, it is necessary that there should be 5-6 leaflets on each received plant. All places are cut cuts necessarily charcoal. When transplanting, you must be very careful with the roots and do not damage them.
- Pests. The aspidistra rarely gets sick, but sometimes it can be attacked by a red spider mite (eliminating it with the help of Actellic). Also “love” this plant aspidistra and fern scutes, which can be collected by hand, and each sheet to wipe with soapy water and apply the drug Malathion.
With proper care, the “iron lady” will delight you not only with its beautiful, brilliant and juicy leaves, but also with amazing flowers that will appear one fine day and will remain in your memory for a long time, like an extraordinary miracle.
What plant to choose for bonsai?
The choice depends on the place of growth and cultivation of the flower. An important factor is what model bonsai is created.
Beginners better to choose unpretentious plants that grow well both at home and on the street.
Do not select slow growing conifers. Juniper, cypress and maple are perfect for the yard.
It is possible to bring beauty not only in the street, but also in the house. They are popular with florists ficus, serissa and "money trees".
You can choose any tree you like, even lilac. Check with the seller how long it takes to germinate or seed for germination and development.
Popular bonsai styles
Even in the floristics has its own style. Each model is grown for a year to achieve the desired result.
Art originated in Japan, Oriental masters developed about 15 basic styles for forming the crown of a tree.
Varieties can be found in the table:
Difficult type of cultivation, in which violated the natural growth of the plant. The tree is planted in a strong pot, form a slope.
After the sprout has reached the required height, the tree is directed to grow down.
An interesting view, which was formed because of the need for the plant to feed and search for vitality even in crevices on the stones.
The roots are wrapped around the object, feeding on the moisture formed in the cracks.
Creating a mini-forest on a flat base. For the model requires plants with a small root system.
Arbitrary growth resembles a forest or garden
View, as if formed in windy weather. The model grows in the form of a fan.
Difficult type: growing at home is difficult to direct the foliage in a certain direction
A species that was formed by natural selection among trees with dense vegetation.
The base is almost bare, has no extra branches. Tilt to the side is small, the tip does not grow too thick
A more natural style of growing bonsai. At the same time the plant is tilted at an angle, the trunk is straight and thick.
For such a model, it is necessary to choose trees with a developed root system so that the plant can withstand the load of leaves and flowers that have appeared.
How to plant bonsai?
For planting you will need: soil, pot, seed or sprout. To create an ideal environment, the earth is mixed in equal proportions with humus and sand. You can buy in the flower shop ready soil.
Follow the step-by-step landing instructions:
- Disinfect the pot with potassium permanganate solution.
- Cover the bottom with drainage and soil.
- Plant the prepared seed or sprout.
- Sprinkle a little plant on top, tamp lightly.
- Water the expressed seed.
- Cover with a thin layer of gauze pot.
- If necessary, create greenhouse conditions using a glass cover.
Consider the growing conditions of the variety. Outdoor plants are unpretentious in care, and domestic species require more careful maintenance and an appropriate temperature regime. The ideal air temperature is 20-25 degrees.
Do not forget to ventilate the sprout, removing the cover for several hours daily. With the advent of the first leaves, remove the homemade greenhouse.
Sometimes a sprout transplant is required. The first feeding should be carried out not earlier than one and a half months.
Follow the rules for growing bonsai:
- Assign transplant in the spring.
- The larger the sun, the thicker the foliage.
- Do not flood the plant, observe the perfect water balance.
Spring transplant is used to divide the bush aspidistra. It can also be propagated by leaf. To do this, select a healthy leaf, cut it without a stalk, but with a thick fleshy influx at the base. Slice dry and place in a bottle filled with water with a wide neck. Close the neck tightly with a lid and, for greater tightness, coat it with clay. Store in a bright and warm place until young roots on the leaf cut. Then the rooted leaf must be removed from the bottle and planted in the leaf soil, then covered with a can or sent to a greenhouse room.
Aspidistra is sensitive to excess moisture and sunlight. Overmoistened "iron lady" "offended": drops the leaves and begins to wither, can "dormitory" to his own death. In order not to bring this up, it is urgent to reduce watering and, using foundationol, shed the soil. Also, do not wait for burns from direct sunlight and remove the plant away in the shade. Among the pests for aspidistra, the spider mite, scareweed and the worm are dangerous.
A bright representative of the family Lileinye is characterized by increased resistance to various diseases.
There are several types of plants. For growing indoors, the following are suitable:
- Elatior, or high aspidistra grows in the form of a herbaceous perennial. It has a creeping rhizome. Leaves similar to lily of the valley plates. Their length is about 15 centimeters. Growth starts directly from the rhizome. Perianth includes eight segments. Presented in the form of a raspberry-brown or yellow-brown bell.
- Large-flowered aspidistra has become very popular recently. Differs with obovate leaves. Their length can reach 80 centimeters. Contrast spots are placed on the plate. Differs unique flowering. Purple buds are formed from the buds near the roots. Petals have an elongated shape.
- Aspidistra "Attenuat" different creeping, round rhizome. After growth, thick clumps appear. On dark leaves, small light spots are formed. Их длина составляет около пятидесяти сантиметров.
- «Гуаньджоусксая» Аспидистра представлена яйцевидными или эллиптическими листьями. Отличается тонким корневищем. На длинном черешке размещены мелкие листья. Также часто можно на них увидеть желтые пятна разной формы.
- Аспидистра «Обланцефолия» родом из Китая. It usually has narrow, reverse-branching leaves and tiny flowers. There are plants with yellow-green and green foliage.
- "Sichuan" aspidistra lives in bamboo forests. Forms single leaves. Their average length is 70 cm. It also has a creeping rhizome. The leaf plate of saturated green with a spotting can reach about 35 centimeters. The cutting is on average 25 cm. Flowering usually occurs at the end of winter. Forms bells with 6 petals.
Specific care at home
At home, aspidistra can do without bright sunlight. Therefore, it can be used to decorate the window sill in the northern part of the building. It also responds well to the artificial lighting of fluorescent lamps. On average, it takes about 16 hours daily for maximum efficiency. This especially applies to varieties of aspidistra with variegated foliage. Insufficient illumination can make the leaves monochromatic.
Aspidistra perfectly responds to soil moistening with soft water. Before irrigation, the liquid must be kept for at least 24 hours. In spring and summer, before the next procedure, check the condition of the substrate. The top layer should dry out. But do not allow drying out and waterlogging of the ground. At other times of the year, the aspidistra is watered as needed.
Adult representatives need to be transplanted once every two years. It is advisable to carry out the procedure in early spring. A free container will do.
If you notice damaged leaves, the aspidistra should be cleaned immediately. To do this, prepare the scissors. They should be pre-treated with alcohol. Carefully pull off the damaged sheet and cut directly at the base.
Features of growing in a container
To grow an iron lady indoors, you can purchase standard primer at any store. Also at home it is quite easy to prepare a substrate of several components:
- A mixture of sand, turf and leaf ground.
- Sheet soil, humus, sod soil, clean river sand.
- Peat soil, sod soil, humus, river sand of coarse grain.
To grow a bright plant with rich foliage, it is necessary to periodically add useful components to the soil. Ideal for aspidistra mineral fertilizer in liquid form. The plant is especially in need of feeding during the period of active vegetative growth. In the cold season, stimulation of development should be stopped. Never apply fertilizer to the ground aspidistram with variegated foliage. Otherwise they will lose their uniqueness.
For the cultivation of aspidistra fit deep, wide pot. Take care of good drainage during planting.
Typical problems and diseases
Spots may appear on the aspidistra. This condition often causes exposure to direct sunlight. If you notice burns, you need to move the pot away from the window. Especially if it is located in the south side of the building.
If the room aspidistra yellowed individual areas or all the leaves, as a rule, this indicates a natural aging process.
Also, this effect causes rotting of the root system. It is necessary to immediately reduce the number of waterings. Treat the flower fungicides. A weak solution of potassium permanganate should be added to the soil. Two grams of component per liter of water is enough. If possible, transfer the aspidistra to another container and change part of the substrate.
Slow growth is associated with a lack of nitrogen. In this case, a solution of urea must be applied to the soil. It will take one gram of the component to be diluted in one liter of water.
The infantile leaves, as a rule, testify to the wetting or drying of the substrate. Also similar symptoms are caused by the use of heavy soil. Try to change the soil to one of the above, and also monitor the frequency of watering.
Aspidistru often called "friendly family."
If the leaves lose their color or turn pale, this may be due to insufficient lighting. If possible, adjust the illumination in the room. But it is necessary to gradually accustom the plant to bright light. In winter, fluorescent lamps can be useful. Brown or dry tips of the leaves are caused by overdried air in the apartment or with insufficient watering.
When infectious chlorosis leaves turn yellow. The shade of the petals will also change. They can get a green color. Unfortunately, cure the flower will not succeed. It is necessary to throw it away with the soil and container. The place of cultivation process by chemical means.
The fern and aspidistra scales is sucked to the bottom of the leaf plate. Insects are small in size. They are able to move even at the larval stage. After severe infection, the leaves may turn yellow and fall off. But pests also contribute to the spread of soot fungus. Spores tend to appear on sticky secretions.
To get rid of the pest, you must collect it manually or purchase special traps. Then you need to wash the leaves with a weak soap solution. To save the flower from severe infection buy "Fufan" or "Karbofos."
With the defeat of aspidistra red spider mite on the lower parts of the leaves will appear barely noticeable silver spider web. At the same time leaves get a brown shade and dry. It is necessary to monitor the humidity of the air and spray the flower with warm water. You can cover the plant for several days with a transparent polyethylene bag. At the stage of strong infection will need "Aktellik."
Reaction to bloom
Exotic aspidistrum flowers are very popular. Attention to them is caused by an unusual structure. They look like boxes of purple color. Presented in the shape of a star. Formed directly on the soil in the axils of the leaves. The plant does not cause allergic reactions. Therefore, it can be safely bred at home, even if the family has children and animals.
Experienced growers recommend combining reproduction with transplant. In this case, you need to carefully remove the plant from the pot and cut the root segment with a knife. It should be at least 5 leaves. Then the affected place must be treated with crushed wood ash. After that, the spine is placed in a separate container and watered as needed. Half a month a young plant should be kept in a warm room. Then the aspidistre fit the standard conditions for growing.
In the summer you can also spread the flower. But for this it is better to use the stalk. The separated part of the plant with a thick fleshy influx must be dried. Then prepare a bottle with a wide neck. Put the plant inside and close the lid. Spread clay on top to limit air flow. The bottle should be kept in a lighted warm room.
When the cut stalks appear on the cut-off roots, they need to be removed and planted in a loosened substrate. For this ideal sheet land. Then create greenhouse conditions with a large can.
Aspidistru can be bought in the online store. The average price of a flower Elatio 80 cm high in a pot with a diameter of 15 cm is 2500 rubles.
In addition to aesthetic properties, the plant also has healing functions. It is widely used in medicine for diarrhea, convulsions, muscle pain. It is enough to follow a few simple rules for care, and the flower can become an ornament to any room.
Alokaziya - beautiful tropikanka
Alokaziya is an evergreen plant with large and beautiful leaves, on which there are pronounced white veins. The people of this exotic flower called "elephant ear". Blossom alokaziya very rarely. But even when this happens, experienced gardeners prefer to cut the flowers of the plant, as this prevents the leaves from growing actively. Alocasia, the care of which does not require special rules, is poisonous. All parts of the plant can irritate the skin and mucous membranes.
Shine. Alocasia loves bright diffused light and does not tolerate direct sunlight. For this plant, both deficiency and excess light can be destructive. The most correct decision will be the western or eastern side of the house.
Temperature. Alokaziya, care of which even a beginner florist can do, is a thermophilic plant. The main thing is that she does not suffer from temperature drops. In the summer you need to ensure the flower temperature is about 20-25 degrees, and in winter 18 degrees.
Humidity. Since the beautiful alokaziya comes from tropical forests, and high humidity is very important to her. It is possible to provide a plant with necessary humidity by spraying in hot weather.
Watering. Land in a pot with alokazii should not dry out. In the summer period, abundant watering is necessary, but in winter it is necessary to water the plant with care so that the roots do not rot.
Another popular plant that can be found on any continent is asparagus. Species of this flower have a high decorative effect, the leaves resemble small twigs, similar to needles.
Shine. Asparagus loves the light, but it is better not to put it in direct sunlight. In the warmer months, you can take out the fresh air.
Temperature. For asparagus, temperature differences do not matter, but for more comfortable conditions it is better to grow it at 20-22 degrees in the warm season, and at 14-15 degrees in the winter. Of course, drafts for the plant are disastrous.
Humidity. This indicator does not play a special role for asparagus, but if you notice that the plant has started to turn yellow and dry, it means that the air in the room is still dry. Therefore, occasionally the flower should be sprayed.
Watering. In the summer, watering is needed abundant. The earth should not dry out, it can dry out a little. In winter, the plant should be watered occasionally.
Aspidistra - Iron Lady
Aspidistra is an evergreen plant that does not have a stem. Even this flower is called "friendly family." Because each leaf of aspidistra has its own vertical shoot. This plant blooms rarely, and only one day, and is not remarkable. But aspidistra leaves look much more spectacular.
Shine. Aspidistra is one of the few plants that can be satisfied with a small amount of light. The pot can be placed on the north or east window.
Temperature. This iron lady is ready to withstand almost any temperature. True, at temperatures below 10 degrees, the aspidistra will feel uncomfortable. And so the best option would be room temperature.
Humidity. Aspidistra does not need special conditions of moistening, because you can spray a plant a couple of times a week.
Watering. For aspidistra excess moisture is more harmful than its deficiency. Therefore, in the summer, watering the plant should be once a week, and in the winter - 2 times a month will be enough.
Euonymus: landing and care
Most often, this evergreen shrub is grown outdoors. For growing at home using Japanese eosklet. Planting and caring for this plant also does not require much effort, so it is popular when refining apartments, offices and winter gardens.
Shine. The plant is shade-loving, it must be protected from direct sunlight.
Temperature. Euonymus does not tolerate too hot room, so the optimum temperature is 25 degrees. In winter, the plant is able to survive at very low temperatures, but it is best to provide flower conditions of 6-8 degrees Celsius.
Humidity. Humidity does not matter for an euonymus, therefore it is possible to spray a plant once a week.
Watering. In the summer, the plant must be watered abundantly, but avoiding stagnant moisture in the pan. During the rest of the year, watering should be moderate, do not allow the soil to completely dry.
Biofitum is a perennial plant, similar to a palm tree. The flower has a single stalk, on which a top of a bunch of leaves is formed. Biofitum - a plant with an amazing property, its leaves are able to fold from the adverse external effects.
Shine. Lighting for biofitum does not play a special role. You can place it in the shade or under bright light. But if you want to biofytum bloom, he needs a constant bright light.
Temperature. The temperature regime for growing a biofitum should be as follows: in the summer - 25 degrees, in the winter - 18 degrees.
Humidity. The plant is able to tolerate different indicators, but prefers moisture more than 50%. Spray the plant should be regularly. Biofitum ideally grows in greenhouse conditions.
Watering. Water the plant should be evenly throughout the year. Does not tolerate dry soil, but also does not like when the marsh is bred.
Brania is an evergreen shrub with stunning foliage. Seeing this plant, you might think that it is covered with bright flowers, which are powdered with snow. That is why it is called "snow". The leaves of this flower are bright green with pale pink spots. Brainya, which care should be carried out only in gloves, is poisonous.
Shine. This beautiful flower needs bright, diffused light, and direct sunlight can burn its leaves.
Temperature. In the summer - 23-25 degrees, in the winter - 16 degrees of heat.
Humidity. Brainya is a tropical flower, therefore, the humidity of the air must be appropriate, that is, 60% or more. Spray the plant should be regularly.
Watering. The pledge of plant health is constantly wet mail, so you need to water the braynia every other day. In winter, watering should be slightly reduced. Do not plant a marsh in a pot.
Dracaena - Indoor Palm
Dracaena is the most popular plant among all the decorative and deciduous. It does not require special care, but can turn any room into a comfortable room. By the way, the word "dracaena" means "female dragon". In the process of growth, the stem of the plant grows lumber, and the leaves grow at the very top, which is why the flower is also called a palm tree.
Shine. Any dracaena loves diffused light to varying degrees, depending on the species. For example, plants with variegated leaves still require more light.
Temperature. In the summer, it is better to keep the flower at a temperature of no more than 25 degrees Celsius, but in the winter it is better to lower this figure to 15 degrees.
Humidity. Although dracaena and is resistant to dry air in the room, but it is still better to spray it regularly. At the same time there should be no drops of moisture on the leaves, otherwise they will rot.
Watering. In the warm season dracaena should be watered 2 times a week, and in winter it will be enough for one.
Zamioculkas - dollar tree
Zamiokulkas became popular quite recently, but has already occupied its worthy niche in the world of indoor plants. This flower is unpretentious, which is why it is grown not only in homes but also in office buildings.
Shine. Zamioculcas can grow in shade and in bright light.
Temperature. Zamioculkas is a thermophilic plant, so you shouldn’t allow temperatures below 16 degrees. He tolerates heat well, but the most optimal temperature is from 18 to 25 degrees. Indifferent to drafts.
Humidity. It is not necessary to spray the zamiokulkas, but to remove dust from the leaves, you can arrange a shower once a week.
Watering. Zamioculkas need abundant and regular watering, but the soil must dry out. Do not be offended if they forget to pour it.
Maranta - prayer plant
The plant maranth came to us from tropical America. This flower is distinguished by its decorative leaves and its spectacular color. It is believed that arrowroot is not a plant for beginners, but one can argue with that. Observe all the conditions for the content can every novice florist.
Shine. Lighting in the care of this flower is a fundamental factor. With a lack of light, the leaves of the plant are able to fold.
Temperature. Since the maranth is a resident of the tropics, she loves warmth. In the summer, she needs a temperature of 20-25 degrees. In winter - 18 degrees. Maranta does not tolerate drafts.
Humidity. Maranta loves high humidity, and it is not always possible to do with ordinary sprays. It is better to put the pot in the pan with wet moss.
Watering. It is necessary to water a plant depending on a condition of the soil. The land should be a little dried up. Transfuse the plant is also impossible.
A creeper is a winding vine that can beautify any corner. The leaves are shaped like a heart. Money plant, which care does not require special skills, is able to clean the room from bad energy. By the way, there is a belief that this flower is driving men out of the house. But all this is prejudice.
Shine. The plant is considered shade-tolerant, but for its active growth is still needed bright diffused light. Protect the flower from direct sunlight.
Temperature. In summer, the flower will feel great at room temperature, while in winter it is better to provide cooler conditions (18 degrees). When choosing the location of the pot keep in mind that Scrippsus is afraid of sudden changes in temperature and drafts.
Humidity. Растение любит высокую влажность. Поэтому сциндапсус нужно регулярно опрыскивать теплой водой.
Полив. Главное, чтобы почва регулярно увлажнялась. Но не переусердствуйте, иначе корни загниют.
If you still do not have a single pot with a flower on the windowsill, then, most likely, your room can not be called living and cozy. Hurry to run to the flower shop. After all, all the decorative and deciduous indoor plants are able to instill vitality in any room. And it doesn’t matter if you are new to this business, everyone is able to handle it. In return, you will receive not only comfort, but also fresh air, as it is known that decorative and deciduous indoor plants absorb carbon dioxide and emit oxygen.
Like this article? See related publications:
- Decorative leafy species of room begoniaThese plants are so different that even experienced gardeners, seeing another unique specimen, sometimes doubt - is it begonia or not? They amaze with their elegance, variety, decorative.
- Citrus indoor plants: species, cultivation and care featuresGrowing citrus indoor plants at home is an interesting, but far from simple task. Therefore, those who believe that it will be enough will be greatly mistaken.
- Drought-resistant indoor and garden plants: names, examplesThere are plants and flowers that are able to endure severe dehydration, but it does not lose its fertility and abundant flowering. Today we look at what the plant is drought-resistant.
- House indoor palm plants: types, photos and namesA detailed description of these colors is presented on this page. Covered all the popular types of indoor plants palm trees with photos, which illustrated the decorative properties. For the formation of a beautiful exposure.
- Crotons: species, names, especially growing at homePotted flowers always amaze with a variety of shapes and colors, as well as with their magnificence and, possibly, with fancy. We want to introduce you to a plant that has absorbed everything.
- Indoor Palm Plants: Care TipsPalm trees are decorative foliage plants. Some species are well developed in the indoor environment and with careful care become the decoration of the house for many years. Acquire indoor plants.
- Houseplants: Proper SprayingIt is no secret that indoor plants should not only be watered, but also sprayed. How to carry out this procedure correctly so as not to harm the green pet? It is no secret that.