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How to choose a yarn for knitting and crochet - tips for needlewomen

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For each knitter, the choice of yarn is something like a ritual, meditation, or sacrament. It is impossible to break away from the shelves with a huge selection of yarn, it's like a black hole. In a yarn shop, you might be inspired by a new job ... or you will be lost among all these balls and skeins.
If you only learn knitting and want to easily understand the types of yarn for knitting, do not waste too much time and nerves on her choice, then you will probably find some tips on choosing yarn from this article.

Choosing a yarn: what should I look for?


    When choosing a yarn in the store, you first need to carefully examine information on the package:

  • yarn composition
  • hank weight,
  • the length of the thread in the skein,
  • the recommended number of knitting needles and crochet hooks, is it possible to use this yarn for machine knitting,
  • the recommended knitting density is the number of loops horizontally and vertically per square 10x10 cm of knitted fabric,
  • tips on caring for the finished product.
  • The choice of yarn for knitting should be considered carefully. The quality of the yarn as a whole depends on the quality of the yarn, whether the fabric will not stretch when knitting, whether it will warp, whether the pattern chosen for knitting will look beneficial, what will happen after washing.

      By composition yarn for knitting happens:

  • natural - that is, vegetable (cotton, flax) or animal (wool, natural mohair, angora, cashmere, merino wool, alpaca, silk),
  • synthetic - acrylic, viscose, artificial mohair, rayon,
  • Blended - a combination of natural and artificial fibers in different proportions (most often it is cotton with acrylic, wool with acrylic, etc.).
  • The choice of the yarn composition directly depends on the requirements for the finished product (its seasonality, model, for an adult, a child, allergies, etc.). Natural materials are highly valued, they are safe, but not as practical as synthetic ones.

    Traditional yarn for baby items - This is cotton, acrylic, or combinations thereof. Yarn with a long fluffy pile, such as mohair, is not recommended. When choosing a yarn for children's things attach a skein to the face - it should not cause unpleasant sensations, itching, tingling. Allergy sufferers yarn of animal origin is contraindicated. For them, suitable acrylic, cotton, flax. It is even better if the yarn is made from environmentally friendly plant materials and dyed with natural dyes (eco-dyeing).

    Learn more about popular yarn materials.

    • Wool: lightweight, flexible, retains heat well. Among the shortcomings - the stall and the formation of pellets, with washing it shrinks.
    • Merino wool: Merino sheep wool is soft, gentle, ideal for children's things. does not irritate the skin. However, it is not worth the risk if you are prone to allergies.
    • Cashmere: plucked or sheared undercoat of Mongolian or Chinese goats. The yarn is very light, soft, warm.
    • Angora: wool of angora rabbits. The yarn is very fluffy, thin and light. Hygroscopic. Of the shortcomings - products from angora molt.
    • Alpaca: wool South American alpaca llamas. Soft (softer than merino wool) tender, unusually warm. Hollow inside wool fibers create an insulating effect.
    • Mohair: wool goats. Durable, well-kept paint, easy to wash. Very fluffy and light yarn.
    • Silk: silk thread is a product of silkworm activity. Possesses gloss, well absorbs moisture, is not deformed, is well painted, practically no pellets are formed on products from silk.
    • Acrylic: yarn from artificial fibers. Durable, well-painted, products made of acrylic well keep their shape. Of the disadvantages - low hygroscopicity.
    • Cotton: 90% pure pulp. Well passes air, easily absorbs moisture, is pleasant in a sock, is well painted. Strong enough (stronger than wool, but less durable than flax and silk). Cotton products are easy to wash, but they sit down and dry for a long time. Not elastic yarn.
    • Viscose: artificial fiber. Smooth and heavy yarn - products are pulled out of it under their own weight. It is well painted, has a high intensity of color. More often is part of a blended yarn with cotton.
    • Linen: very strong yarn. Products made of flax absorb moisture well, dry quickly, do not shrink or stretch. The most breathable yarn. Among the shortcomings - it is poorly dyed, which makes the selection of shades of yarn rather poor.
    • Lurex: metallized polyester thread. The yarn is unpleasant in contact with the body, it is better to use in products with lining. It gives the product a festive look.

    More information about each type of yarn, their pros and cons can be found in this article.

    Standard skeins for hand knitting have weight 50, 100 and 200 grams. From such indicators as the weight and length of the thread in the skein, you must make a start when you purchase yarn for a specific product. For example, if you are going to knit a hat, you need an average of 200 grams of yarn, about 600 grams may be needed for a sweater. But different skeins may have different lengths of threads. These components must be considered together. Thicker threads will be spent more than thin ones.

    Thread length in skein - an important indicator of yarn thickness. The greater the length of the thread in the standard skein, the thinner the yarn, and vice versa.
    By the thickness of the yarn, you can tentatively find out what the thickness of the knitted product will be. But in the beginning it is important to decide whether you will knit or crochet.
    Look at the thickness of the thread, about the same thickness will be the fabric, knitted with the spokes of the front surface. If you crochet, the thickness of the canvas will be on average one and a half to two times the thickness of the thread.

      Reputable manufacturers of yarn are interested in that their products do not cause complaints. Therefore, they indicate the following recommendations for working with yarn:

  • what tools are best to use for knitting - knitting needles or a hook, as well as the recommended size,
  • is the yarn for hand and / or machine knitting,
  • The recommended number of loops horizontally and vertically for knitting a sample is 10x10 cm,
  • recommendations for the care of the finished product.
  • Adhering to these recommendations, it is easiest to ensure that the product has an optimal web thickness and pattern size, does not lose its shape and attractive appearance during use. In case of violation of these recommendations, incidents are not excluded. For example, when knitting things from mohair on a knitting machine (which is not strongly recommended), most of the pile will be on the wrong side of the product. Acrylic products will lose their shape and elasticity if ironed. And washing and spinning in a washing machine is generally contraindicated for hand-knitted things.

    Yarn consumption depends on the thickness and density of knitting, on the chosen pattern and knitting method (hook, knitting needles) and, of course, on the size of the finished product. Maximum yarn consumption peculiar to tight knitting with braids. And the more laced and loose knitted fabric, the less consumption of yarn. However, it is necessary to take into account that loose knitting (with a large thickness of knitting needles or a hook) looks good only with a very fluffy yarn such as mohair or angora (well, or on design extravagant things using very thick yarn). The long pile hides the “holey” and the knitted thing turns out very light and soft. A cloth of smooth yarn should have a much greater density.

    And the last tip. When choosing a yarn certainly ask how much it is left in stock in order to purchase in case of shortage of yarn, purchase the necessary number of skeins (or if you, for example, knitted a scarf, and in the process you wanted to tie a hat or mittens to it).

    Criteria for choosing yarn for different tasks

    Does the choice of thread tool that you plan to knit - knitting needles or a hook? For most varieties it does not matter. The labels indicate the optimal size of the hook and the needles at the same time. However, there are exceptions: the thinnest “Snowflake” for knitting needles is clearly not suitable, and if you knit a thick cotton crochet top, it will be too coarse.

    How important is thickness

    In addition to color and composition, there is another important indicator: conditional thickness. She says how many meters in a hank or 100 grams. The greater the length, the thinner the thread.

    In product descriptions often indicate this parameter. When you can not pick up the thread of the brand, which the author of the master class called, take the others. If they have the same conditional thickness, the knitting pattern will not have to be adjusted.

    What yarn to learn to knit

    If you are doing the first steps in knitting or crocheting, choose a new yarn. It does not have to be natural. The main thing is that you like the thread in color and be medium thickness (about 300 meters per 100 grams). From such it will be easy and pleasant to knit.

    It is difficult to master the loops on too thin threads, and even the “trained” needlewomen get tired of thick hands. Such difficulties in a novice can for a long time discourage the desire to take a hook or knitting needles.

    Skilled craftswomen advise beginners to choose for their first masterpieces melange yarn - a mixture of fibers dyed in different colors. The secret is that the heterogeneity of color hides the flaws of work. Things from such threads look interesting, even if the simplest technique is used and there are no patterns.

    For knitting things from threads of two colors, it is important to be sure that the yarn does not shed. Be sure to check it out empirically by soaking pieces of thread in warm water.

    Which yarn is best for a sweater

    You plan to knit a warm sweater or scarf - choose yarn in rows with warm threads. These include, first of all, natural wool. Sheep, camel and goat are found on sale. For beginners it seems that the best option for cold days can not be. Things from a pile of animal origin are undoubtedly warm. But they may have limitations:

    • prickly
    • shrinkage after washing,
    • Allergy natural wool can cause irritation.

    The merino wool and alpacas are considered the least spiny. Very gentle goat down, from which the famous down scarves are knitted.

    However, there have been cases that even hats made from the softest alpaca caused tingling and itching in adults. Therefore, it is better to attach your favorite skein to your forehead, if you are going to knit a headdress, or to the inner surface of the elbow, when you are preparing to knit a sweater. And listen to the sensations.

    Needywomen with experience advise to choose for everyday sweater yarn in the composition of which 50% wool and 50% acrylic. For a cold winter, you can take a thread containing 70% wool.

    When a thick yarn (less than 100 meters in 100 grams) knits a sweater, the seams can be coarse. If you wear a coat or jacket over it, it will be cramped and uncomfortable.

    What yarn warmer cap

    Recently, things from large threads have come into fashion, for knitting of which hooks and knitting needles of 10-25 sizes are required. A hat or a snud of such can be made in just a couple of hours.

    Subconsciously, most needlewomen thinks: the thicker the yarn, the warmer it is. It is not always so. Even the most powerful canvas is unlikely to warm in the bitter cold, if there is not a single woolen pile in it.

    It is necessary to take into account that in the finished product between the thick threads there are gaps in which the wind blows. Even the two-layered web often does not save from such a “draft”. Least blown intostill from fluffy threads with a large proportion of natural wool. Pay attention if you need to choose a yarn for the cap.

    One of the most fluffy materials is mohair. Its thin fibers, like a soft cloud, cover the knitted fabric without letting in the cold. However, keep in mind: the villi are tangled, so this yarn is difficult to dissolve. Need to knit well the first time.

    No matter how soft the mohair seems, it tingles. But in the case of a cap, this minus is not relevant if the model does not apply to an open forehead.

    Which thread is better for summer things

    The undoubted leader for knitting summer tops, casual dresses and beachwear is cotton. This material from plant fibers perfectly absorbs moisture, breathes, does not cause allergies. The assortment of large stores can be about fifty varieties of yarn for knitting from pure cotton.

    • Thin ("Snowflake", "White Lace") is suitable for creating laced tablecloths, napkins or light lace tops.
    • "Iris", "Kabla", "Spring" is chosen mainly for clothing.
    • "Mercerized", this name is found on the labels of some varieties of cotton. This means that the fiber is treated in a special way. Because of this, it is better painted over, does not fade, and acquires a characteristic soft shine.
    • Flax is good for knitting light wardrobe items. It is comfortable in products made of it even in the strongest heat.

    Summer varieties also include viscosemade from wood pulp. Its threads are cast with almost metallic luster or, like in “Viscose natural” (“Pekhorka”), resemble natural matte cotton. From this material you can also knit clothes for the summer. Or just such a hat for a girl, as in the photo below.

    Most often, viscose "acts" not alone, but paired with linen or cotton fibers. As a result, the threads are cheaper and more practical.

    Microfiber - made from polyester fibers. Although it is a real synthetic, it is not bad for summer things. Products turn out easy, soft, not hot. They dry quickly after washing.

    The best choice for a knitted swimsuit

    Before choosing a yarn for a swimsuit, learn the disadvantages of a knitted bikini. Swimsuit in the water will behave like a sponge: it will become harder, it may sag. It can not be strongly squeezed and hung on a hot battery. As a result, it will naturally dry for a long time.

    If you are in favor of combining cotton, remember: it absorbs moisture strongly. From constant dampness, cotton material is damaged by bacteria. Knitted swimsuit with a large percentage of cotton is more suitable for sunbathing.

    Microfiber shows itself to be much more practical. It does not absorb water so much, dries quickly, does not cause allergies. For knitting a swimsuit, it is better to take threads with lycra, so as not to lose such an important detail in the sea or another reservoir.

    Features of the selection of threads for knitting for children

    The choice of yarn for knitting children's things is a delicate and responsible matter, because babies' skin is more sensitive than adults. Pricklyness, hardly noticeable to mom, can turn into real flour for a child. And if he is allergic, clothing will cause even more irritation.

    Therefore, for children's things it is better to choose a special yarn on which manufacturers put the mark "baby", "baby". Often it is packaged in hanks of 50 grams. This is convenient, because less stuff takes less material than adults.

    In the winter children's assortment soft hypoallergenic predominates. acrylic. There are yarn with the addition of merino wool. It is not difficult to find a type of mohair specifically for kids. But do not forget that long villi can get a baby in the mouth or eyes.

    An attractive look is thick soft threads of micropolyester candy colors. Of them knit blouses, hats, overalls, which look like plush. About products speak, how about warm. But because of the terry nature of the thread on the canvas in the process, it is difficult to see the loop. So knitting requires a special skill.

    For summer upgrades for little mods, they often choose pure soft cotton yarn. Good look elegant girlish dresses with lurex. Note that this metallized thread, though thin, can scratch the sensitive skin of a young fashionista.

    Synthetic does not mean bad

    Thorniness of wool decreases when natural fibers are mixed with acrylic. Acryl is a synthetic material, also known as PAN, polyacryl or nitron. It is made from polymers (plastics). His relatives - plexiglass, paint.

    Such a relationship may frighten a beginning knitter, but experienced craftswomen know that acrylic fiber yarn is so high-quality that it can be confused with natural wool!

    Acrylic has a lot of advantages:

    • not prickly
    • is not damaged by moth,
    • does not set after washing.

    Minuses: not as warm as wool, and can electrify.

    Most of the winter range is mixed yarn containing natural wool and acrylic in various proportions. This combination softens the shortcomings of both materials, while enhancing their positive qualities.

    How to avoid the pellets

    Over time, pellets or pilas may appear on both artificial and pure wool. Their number depends on the twisting of the threads. The tighter the strands, the less the villi roll down. However, the finished product of highly twisted fibers is tough.

    In order not to suffer from spoiling the appearance of the pellets and enjoy the softness, you can:

    • choose knitted yarn, on the label of which there is an “anti-pilling” mark,
    • Carefully wear the thing from the fibers of weak twists, avoiding constant friction, for example, about the bag.

    The most elastic material

    There are threads that include lycra, and the word "stretch" appears in the title. Knit or crochet from them is as easy as inelastic yarn.

    • Летние варианты такой пряжи: «Хлопок стрейч» («Камтекс»), «Дива стрейч» (Alize), «Пехорка стрейчевая» («Пехорка»). Они подходят для вязания облегающих фигуру вещей.
    • Winter: “Karakul Stretch” and “Lotus Grass Weed Stretch” (both from “Kamtex”) - suitable for scarves, hats, and tight-fitting sweaters.

    Where to use threads from loose clothes

    Good products can be knitted from threads formed after the dissolution of unwanted clothing. Putting them into action, remember:

    • On second-hand threads there are creases. If you crochet, it almost does not affect the pattern. But on the needles the canvas will turn out too loose, with uneven loops.
    • After blooming, the yarn must be straightened.
    • Even steaming and drying will not give the fibers a new look.
    • The strength of used threads is far from the original. The finished product may break at the most inopportune moment.

    Of the secondary yarn is best to put on all sorts of stuff, for example, a cover for a mug, tack or children's handbag.

    Where better to buy materials

    Knitting yarns in a huge range are presented in online stores. But no matter how well the hank looks on the screen, in reality the shade may look different. On the monitor it is difficult to estimate the thickness of the yarn, its fluffiness, prickliness and other nuances. They can be considered only holding the goods in their hands.

    Samples of baby yarn on Chinese online shopping sites look very tempting. But if you look closely, their prices are higher than their counterparts in Russian stores. And the composition raises many questions. For example, Milk cotton (the name translates as dairy cotton) actually turns out 100% acrylic.

    Feel free to choose a yarn for knitting at a distance, if you are familiar with this type and manufacturer. For example, previously knitted from a certain type of thread, you know their texture, name or number of color. Then, buying a similar yarn through the Internet, you definitely can not go wrong.

    Wherever you choose knitting, read the label carefully before deciding to buy. If it lacks information or it is contradictory, it is better to abandon the acquisition.

    We study the label

    Buying yarn for crochet, knitting or typewriter, pay attention to the "cover" of yarn. What is written there, will tell a lot:

    1. Composition. This item indicates what the yarn is made of. Each type has its own labeling.
    2. Weight and length. This data will help you calculate how many yarns you need. For example, an ordinary sweater takes 10 balls weighing 50 g with a thread length of 160 meters. Thick and heavy fibers will require less and more light.
    3. The color and number of the series. This data will help if you miscalculate the amount of yarn. Buy more hanks better than the same series, otherwise the shades of the threads will be different. And it will spoil the look of the product.
    4. Hook and knitting needles. Manufacturers often indicate the size of the knitting tool.

    In some cases, the label provides instructions for the care of the yarn, as well as the preferred density of knitting.

    Reels or hanks?

    Knitting threads are sold in different variations. And each species has its advantages. Yarn in reels is convenient in that products are made from it without additional knots. And needlewomen know how difficult it is to “hide” them. Such threads are treated with special compounds that prevent the web from rolling. They are recommended to choose for machine binding.

    But yarn in reels has a significant drawback. It is sold in bulk, it is not advisable to buy one to create one sweater or cardigan. In addition, before work will have to rewind the threads in the balls. After all, from a bobbin to knit uncomfortable. Therefore, if you do not plan to create several products from one thread, then buy hanks.

    What animals give

    The wool of domestic and wild animals has long been used to make threads from which to sew or knit clothing. Moreover, these fibers are expensive. In terms of “warmth”, there is little to compare with them. Types of thread for knitting of animal origin:

    1. Wool (WO, Lana).
    2. Merino wool (WV, Extrafine).
    3. Mohair (WM, Mohair).
    4. Camel wool (WK, Cammello, Camel).
    5. Alpaca (WP, Alpaca).
    6. Cashmere (WS, Kashmir).
    7. Angora. (WA, Angora, Karin).

    Brackets indicate yarn markings. Each of these types of threads deserves separate attention.

    This natural material is made from sheep's wool. Such fibers perfectly retain heat, allow air and retain moisture. Wool is pleasant to the touch, although to some it seems "barbed." Sweaters, warm dresses, scarves and hats are made of fiber.

    Merino wool

    This gentle yarn is mined from the withers of a merino sheep. Fibers are prized for unusual softness. Wool retains heat well. Due to the elasticity of the fiber, skin-tight things are created from it. In addition, merino wool products can be machine-washed without fear, of course, in a special mode. However, they do not lose shape. The only drawback of good knitting threads is the high price.

    The yarn is extracted from goat wool. The fibers are warm, fluffy, but short-lived. In addition, their thickness is heterogeneous. Therefore, 100% of mohair is rarely on sale, it is often “diluted” with natural and synthetic fibers. These threads are suitable for knitting with thin needles. Mohair is ideal for creating openwork shawls and stoles.

    The yarn is extracted from the wool of a special variety of llamas. These threads are suitable for knitting and crochet. Valued for lightness, softness and silky shine that is not lost after numerous washes. Products from alpaca are warm and durable. They do not crumple and do not break. In addition, they are never pellets. Another advantage is that alpaca does not cause allergies. Wool knit mostly outerwear - insulated cardigans, coats, wide scarves.

    The material is created from a goat's undercoat. These are beautiful and warm threads for knitting with hands and on a typewriter. It is not surprising that they are the most expensive and are called "royal yarn". Soft-touch fibers are suitable for knitting jumpers, scarves and snoods. Disadvantages - high cost and demanding care. Cashmere items are not recommended to be washed, only dry cleaning is allowed.

    The material is harvested from the wool of angora rabbits. In its pure form, angora are practically not used, because the threads are inelastic. Therefore, they add regular wool or acrylic. Knitting yarns are suitable, crocheting with them is difficult to work with. The yarn is valued for its lightness, tenderness and the characteristic "lush" pile.

    Angoras have a disadvantage - over time, the products wear out. They appear "bald spots". In addition, they can not be washed, only mechanical cleaning is allowed. But with proper care, things from this undercoat of rabbits will last more than one year.

    Camel's wool

    Camel down threads are 100% natural and eco-friendly. They are not processed and almost never painted. This is not necessary, because the wool has a beautiful brown color. And there are both light, beige tones, and dark, almost black shades.

    Pooh young camels soft and tender to the touch. If you got tough "prickly" yarn, then it was made from the wool of old animals. The material has many advantages. Products turn out unusually warm and durable. They do not roll and do not lose shape. In addition, the down has healing properties. The disadvantage is only one - the high cost of camel hair. But the price is not surprising, because it is created exclusively by hand.

    "Vegetable" yarn

    Plant yarn is less expensive. At the same time it is quite durable, wear-resistant and pleasant to the touch. Types of threads for knitting of plant origin:

    1. Cotton (Co, Cotone, Cotton).
    2. Hemp fiber (ca, canapa, hemp).
    3. Linen yarn (Li, Lino, Linen).
    4. Silk (SE, Seta, Silk).
    5. Nettle fiber.
    6. Bamboo fiber (Bamboo rayon).

    Let's look at each of these types in more detail.

    Knitting yarns are extracted from an air mass growing near cotton seeds. This is the most common and popular material. A typical representative of this fiber "iris" - knitting thread, which learn beginner needlewomen.

    Yarn has a lot of advantages. Fibers are hygroscopic, perfectly breathable and retain moisture. They are durable, tolerate washing well, products from them will last for decades. But the fiber has drawbacks. It wears down, crumples and loses color in the light. The mercerization of yarn helps to fix this. This process is expensive, after it the material increases in price.

    "Iris" - knitting yarn more crocheted than knitting. They are suitable for creating light summer dresses, tops, children's clothes and even swimsuits. In addition, they are used for knitting household items, bags and covers.

    Hemp fiber

    This inexpensive yarn for knitting is not very popular, although it is a 100% environmentally friendly product. Indeed, in the cultivation of hemp pesticides are not used, which are processed cotton fields. But the threads from the plant are tough, although over time they soften a little. The advantages of the material - strength, durability, wear resistance. Therefore, hemp yarn is ideal for making shopping bags and napkins.

    This natural material neatly lies in the canvas, does not fade, keeps its shape and is worn for a long time. The fiber is soft, smooth and pleasant to the touch. You do not know what threads are needed for knitting summer things? The answer is obvious - flaxen.

    Fiber perfectly retains moisture and passes air. In addition, the material delays UV radiation by 95%, while other threads cope with the task by 30–50%. Flax looks spectacular in fancy patterns. But the kerchief or hosiery knitting from it turns out neat and attractive.

    The material is extracted from the cocoon of the silkworm caterpillar. Silk is a very expensive yarn, because the process of its manufacture is laborious and delicate. Products made of the material are truly exclusive. Silk fibers are used for knitting wedding and evening dresses. But they have a significant drawback - the high price. To reduce the cost of the product, other natural fibers are often added to this material.

    Bamboo fiber

    This material is valued for its 100% ecological purity and hypoallergenicity. Unlike other fibers, bamboo threads have natural antimicrobial properties. Therefore, they do not need additional chemical treatment. In addition, the fiber is softer and softer than cotton. And tactile sensations like cashmere or silk. These threads are used for crochet. Of them create airy, light shawls and capes.

    Mixed yarn

    Each type of knitting thread has its drawbacks. Therefore, very often manufacturers mix types of yarn among themselves. The result is softer, more elastic or cheaper fibers. Blended yarn types:

    1. Wool and cotton. This material is also called wool mixture. Thanks to a combination of fibers, the fabric is smooth, breathable and warm. In addition, cotton removes excessive "prickly" wool, so the products made of thread are suitable for people with sensitive skin and young children. The wool mixture is not stretched when washed, long retains its shape. On it are rarely formed the pellets. The lack of material lies in the fact that wool and cotton differently absorb dye. As a result, the web may have a non-uniform color.
    2. A mixture of artificial and natural fibers. Such yarns acquire the strength and elasticity of synthetic fibers, while maintaining breathability, heat and hygroscopicity of natural materials. The cloth does not shrink and is not deformed after washing. The paint does not wash out and does not fade from the sun. Products made of blended yarn for a long time retain their original appearance. In addition, the material has an affordable price.
    3. Synthetic mix. A mixture of artificial fabrics is used to create threads of different textures. This inexpensive yarn for knitting looks attractive. But such material is not able to retain heat. Therefore, it is used to create light or demi-season things.

    Artificial Yarn

    Modern technology allows you to create yarn from various materials. Such fibers are cheaper, while the beauty and quality are not inferior to natural yarn. Synthetic types of knitting yarn:

    1. Microfiber (Micro Fiber). The material is used in the creation of woven and knitwear. The yarn is pleasant to the touch, soft and velvety. Often it is added to natural fibers to increase the elasticity and strength of the threads.
    2. Acrylic (PA, Acrylic). This material is extracted from ethylene. He has a lot of advantages. Acrylic knitting yarns are cheap, but they are durable and durable. In addition, the yarn is easily dyed in incredible shades, which are difficult to achieve from natural materials. Therefore, it is used to create children's toys or products with drawings. The lack of acrylic knitting yarns lies in their ability to accumulate electricity.
    3. Metallic (Me, Metall). The shiny threads (lurex) are not yarn per se. But these fibers are added to other materials to give them a festive shine.
    4. Nylon (NY, Naylon, Polyamide). This durable and lightweight fiber is often used to strengthen other materials. The yarn is very elastic, so knitwear is knitted from it.
    5. Polypropylene. These threads are used for knitting washcloths, beach bags, accessories. The material is durable, keeps its shape well, and is cheap at the same time.

    Artificial inexpensive yarn for knitting will be the best choice for the beginning needlewoman. They are durable, wear-resistant, keep their shape and do not lose color after numerous washes.

    Unusual types of thread for knitting

    Fibers with different textures give the products a unique and completely exclusive look. This yarn is suitable for experienced needlewomen and beginner knitters who want to create original products.

    The yarn is made from a mixture of cotton and acrylic. Products made of the material are voluminous, velvety to the touch and with velvet texture. Suitable thread for knitting a simple stocking pattern. Lace or braids will not work out of chenille, because of the texture of the yarn details are poorly visible. Products made of fiber are not covered with pellets, but they can not be worn under outer clothing. Otherwise, the yarn is izotrtsya, over time there will be "bald spots". Because of the unusual softness, yarns are suitable for knitting children's clothes and toys.

    Nap yarn

    The material is obtained by twisting different types of yarn. Often fibers with a long nap are added to the yarn, which makes the canvas similar to faux fur and down. These threads are used for knitting scarves, hats, decorating individual parts of products.

    Twisted yarn

    This fiber consists of several twisted yarns, with different colors. The number of strands: from 2 to 6. The threads are painted in different shades alternately. As a result, the canvas is motley, with characteristic "waves". Because of this combination, the material is also called “plaid” yarn. It is good for both knitting stocking patterns and fancy lace, braids. Products made of threads are strong, durable, very well tolerate washing.

    Knitted tape

    The yarn is created in the form of a flat thin cord. The process of manufacturing this material is complicated, so the cost of the fiber is quite high. But the costs are worth it, because things turn out original and attractive. Knitted yarn for knitting stacked in loops at different angles. Because of this, the products become uneven gloss. In addition, if the thread is tied into the fabric "sideways", then the surface will turn out with knobs.

    Uncleaned yarn

    Threads are created in a special way, thanks to which small balls are formed on them. They are located at different or equal distances from each other. When knitting, "bukli" come forward. As a result, the canvas acquires an interesting texture and deceptive density. The boules will be an excellent choice for novice needlewomen, as they look spectacular in the simplest hosiery knitting. But intricate designs cannot be made from threads, because of the texture of the canvas there will be no details visible. Depending on the thickness of the thread, suitable for knitting summer or warm clothes.

    Tweed yarn

    This is a monochromatic fiber, in which there are multi-colored blotches. The material includes natural wool, but sometimes cotton or even synthetic yarn is added to it. As a rule, tweed yarn is colored in natural colors: white, gray or black. But there are hanks with a variety of shades. And the brighter and more unusual the color of the material, the more artificial fibers it contains.

    The advantages of the thread are strength, hygroscopicity and ability to retain heat. They make amazing sweaters, skirts, scarves, cardigans and coats. The lack of material - a small "prickly". But this feature is typical for wool fabrics.

    Bulk thread

    This synthetic fiber is usually made in one addition. Canvas from it is light, airy and voluminous. In this case, the products are well crushed and quickly return to their previous form. The material is used for knitting on thick knitting needles or a hook.

    More recently, coats and scarves of bulky threads were trendy. Now the demand for them diminished. Зато актуальными остались аксессуары для дома, выполненные из этого вида текстиля. Эффектно смотрится в многосоставных узорах из жгутов и кос, вперемежку с ажуром.

    Смесовая пряжа

    В состав материала входит несколько видов натуральных волокон и одна синтетическая нить. Благодаря этому сочетанию, полотно получается гигроскопичным, теплым и хорошо пропускает воздух. Искусственное волокно придает ему прочность и эластичность.

    Products made of blended canvas fit well on the figure, look elegant and neat. The synthetic thread is inside the natural fibers. Therefore, products from blended yarn retain all the positive properties of natural, expensive materials. At the same time they look better, they take longer form and cost less.

    Original ideas

    Want to destroy the traditional look at knitting clothes, accessories and household items? Use unusual materials. Indeed, in the hands of an experienced needlewoman, even used bags turn into original threads. What you can knit:

    • Strips of fabrics. Such "threads" are traditionally used for knitting rugs. But the material can come up with another application: create a rug, a sofa blanket or a pot stand. The main thing - to connect the fantasy. To make a “textile thread”, cut old clothes or textiles into strips, and sew them together. It will take a lot of time, but the result is worth it.
    • Wire thread. This material is used for knitting jewelry or home decor with beads. The stores sell metal threads of any thickness and with a wide assortment of colors. Therefore, you can easily link the original necklace or bracelet to taste.
    • Rubber thread. This material is known as “yarn-yarn”. Used for knitting accessories, belts and home decorations. Working with the "thread" is not easy. After all, it sticks to the metal and plastic spokes. Therefore, when knitting it is recommended to lubricate the tools with oil.

    In general, varieties and types of threads for knitting a lot. And each needlewoman will pick up the yarn to taste. The main thing is to pay attention to the quality of the material. After all, the beauty and durability of the product largely depends on it.

    Wool yarn

    Wool yarn is a yarn of natural fibers cut from sheep, rams and goats. Wool yarn is elastic, durable, keeps warm well, knitted things are beautiful and durable. There are subspecies of wool yarn by type of fiber:

    Alpaca. Wool from Lama type "Alpaca". This yarn does not roll and keeps heat very well. She has about 20 natural colors. This yarn is expensive.

    Camel's wool. The yarn from this wool is very durable. Products from yarn save from cold and even overheating. Camel's wool is almost impossible to dye, but has about 14 natural shades.

    Merino wool. It is obtained from fine-woold sheep. The fiber in its structure is thin. The yarn, respectively, also turns out thin, light, but at the same time it is strong and warm. Incompatible qualities are combined in this kind of fiber.

    Angora. The yarn is obtained from the wool of the Angora rabbit. The yarn is light and soft, but not very durable. Short fibers come out of the threads while wearing a knit. But the yarn from the Angora wool is easy to dye.

    Cashmere. Cashmere is a down of mountain goats. Since it is not enough of it, cashmere products are very expensive. Therefore, cashmere is mixed with other wool. The yarn is soft and warm. With proper care, it will last a very long time.

    Cotton yarn

    Cotton yarn is made from cotton fibers. She is of plant origin. Cotton yarn is stronger than wool, well breathable and hygroscopic. It is well painted in any shades, pleasant to the touch. Cotton yarn is not elastic, can sit down and dries for a long time.

    Bamboo yarn

    Bamboo yarn is made from bamboo fiber. She is of plant origin. Bamboo yarn is very soft, durable, high-quality, as bamboo products are durable. It absorbs moisture and evaporates it. This yarn is better to use for summer things.

    Silk yarn

    Silk is of animal origin. Caterpillar silkworm wraps itself with a thread in a cocoon. These threads are collected, processed and they are made of thread and yarn. Natural silk is very expensive, because the process is time consuming, and the resulting silk is very small. Silk thread is durable, can be dyed and does not roll. It is also pleasant to the touch.

    How to choose a yarn

    For products for the winter it is better to choose wool or mixed yarn with wool, so that the products are not hooked. Wool retains heat well, in contrast to artificial fibers. For summer products, flax, cotton, silk and bamboo are best suited. You can also take and mixed thin and light yarn. Synthetics can be used in special ceremonial cases.

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