The number of kittens born to a cat depends on a number of factors.:
- Age of childbirth. From the point of view of physiology, it is better when the cat first gives birth to kittens at the age of 1–2 years. Her body is already fully formed and she is able to bear offspring. Young cats usually have less offspring (2–3 kittens) than more mature women. Occasionally, with good care, a young cat can give birth to up to six viable kittens. Adult cats, as a rule, give birth to 6–8 babies.
- Breed. Mongrel cats are more fertile than pedigree.
- Heredity. In cats, hereditary dependence in terms of reproduction is well traced. The more prolific the female lineage relatives (mother, etc.) were, the more likely it was to inherit their reproductive qualities and bring more litters for one lamb.
- The duration of pregnancy. The longer the gestation time lasts, the fewer kittens will be born in the litter.
- The conditions of life.
- The quality of nutrition.
The physiological characteristics of the cat
An important role in how many kittens to be born in a cat is played by the physiological features of the partner:
- Age. Excessively young or, on the contrary, old cats have less “productivity”.
- The number and frequency of matings. With increased sexual activity of the cat, the quality of his sperm deteriorates.
- Health. It is important that the future of the pope had no diseases of the genitourinary system, as well as infectious diseases.
- Sexuality. In cats, ovulation occurs during mating and the number of eggs produced is affected by the intensity of the partner’s “wooing”. It is interesting that superfunctions are characteristic of felines, i.e. fertilization of eggs by sperm from different individuals. Thus, in one litter may be kittens from different fathers.
Fertility of different breeds
Usually, a cat carries 6–8 kittens in one pregnancy. There are records. There is a case when a Persian cat could give birth to 15 kittens at once. However, with a large offspring, dead or unviable babies are likely to appear. Newborns have too little body weight and, moreover, the cat does not have enough milk to feed extensive offspring.
Record for the number of kittens is considered to be a tabby cat from the USA. She gave birth to 420 fluffy babies. This is the absolute maximum.
It is also interesting to know what offspring is in cats of different breeds. For example, a purebred Scottish cat can give birth to 2-3 babies. A larger number (up to 8) will be in the event that the father is not pedigreed.
In British cats, the average fecundity is higher. A cat usually gives birth to 4–5 kittens per one lambing. But the maximum can give birth to far not every representative of this breed.
How to determine the number of future kittens
There are several ways to find out how many kittens a cat will give birth to. Conditionally they can be called physiological, popular and scientific methods..
- Physiological. The number of kittens depends on the number of places of attachment of fertilized eggs to the uterus.
- People's. Experienced cat owners calculate the number of future offspring in a simple way. The number two is subtracted from the number of mammary glands of the female. This method does not give a 100% result, but is still often used in practice.
- Scientific. Felinologists recommend checking the expectant mother with an ultrasound scan a week before the expected birth. Thus, it will be known exactly what offspring to expect. In no case can not probe the cat's stomach with his hands to find out how many kittens she gives birth. Palpation can damage embryos and cause future mother’s psychological stress.
How to increase the fecundity of the cat
When breeding purebred cats often raises the question of increasing fertility. The progeny scales can be projected in advance with the help of special medications and homeopathic remedies. Hormonal substances should be given moderately and under the supervision of a veterinarian. In homeopathy, ovarius and gamavit have proven themselves well. Vitamin E and selenium have a positive effect on cat's reproductive activity, in small doses.
Kitten birth is a complex physiological process. It is more important to the quality and health of babies than the amount of offspring. The owners must support their pet and help them, especially if the cat gives birth for the first time.
About the period of pregnancy in cats
In these pets, it lasts 9 weeks. Depending on the breed, individual characteristics, the cat bears offspring from 58 to 72 days. It is noticed that short-haired pets have a shorter gestational age - 58-68 days. Long-haired and semi-long-haired cats carry offspring for 63-72 days. There is also a direct link between the duration of pregnancy and the number of future kittens. The more of them, the sooner they are born. That is, two cats kittens will bear longer than five. However, the smaller the offspring, the healthier it is. At birth, 5-7 kittens are likely that not all will survive.
If the owner was planning to mate, then he knows exactly how long his pregnancy is. And when the kitty walked unplanned, then in the first weeks of the new incarnation of the pet is difficult to guess. Pregnancy will be noticeable in the second half, when the belly is already round, the cat will sleep longer, it will become much calmer. A few days before giving birth, she can stop eating altogether, drink only water.
A careful owner a week before the intended delivery should prepare the nest for the cat. So called a box or box with low sides, which must be covered with an old sheet or towel. The cat should get used to the “hospital”, spend a few days in it.
On the eve of birth, first-born cats behave restlessly, constantly rub against the owner, as if calling for help. As a rule, healthy cats handle the task of reproducing offspring into the world on their own. But to support mommy, caress her, stroke the owner is obliged.
How many kittens can a cat give birth to?
A young cat transposition gives birth to less kittens than mature. Usually it is 2-3 kittens. It happens that one, if the cat became pregnant at a very young age (5-6 months). In this case, the offspring may not be viable at all.
In rare cases (with good genetics, nutrition, care), a young mother can bring 4-6 kittens at a time.
Cats in full bloom are able to please the owner with an offspring of three or eight kittens. By the way, 14-15 babies were born at a time. But such champions, as a rule, are not viable due to low weight. Yes, and mother simply can not feed them. If a cat gives 6-8 kittens at a time, then it is likely that within 3 days one or two of them will die. The strongest in the litter is the baby who was born first.
Experienced cat owners can determine how many kittens the expectant mother will bring, by the eye. Beginner koshkovod not recommended trying to probe the belly of the expectant mother to determine the number of offspring. So you can injure kittens and unnerve the cat itself.
The future mother will bring as many kittens as her mother usually gave birth. And if she was fertile, it is likely that 6-8 kittens will appear in your cat too. So take a look at the genetics of the pet.
Veterinary statistics show that the number of offspring may increase with each subsequent pregnancy. As for births in aging cats (over 8 years old), they can be risky. It is possible to rearrange the offspring, the birth of unviable kittens, and sometimes the dead. They will be much less in the offspring than in cats of childbearing age. In general, after 8 years, cats can no longer be allowed to become pregnant.
Kids are born weighing 57-115 grams. Their average length is 10-11 cm. On the fourth day, the kittens are already able to massage the mother's belly to get enough milk. A week later, they open their eyes, they begin to hear. At the age of one month, the first teeth appear in the offspring. It is from this period that veterinarians advise feeding kittens.
How many kittens does a cat give birth to during the first pregnancy?
In the overwhelming majority of cases, litter in first-born cats is small. For the first time, your pet will most likely bring 1 to 3 kittens. Why so little?
The main factor in such a low fertility is not fully formed reproductive system.
Also old-born representatives of the cat family give birth to a little. But in this case, the main cause of low fertility is the extinction of the reproductive function.
How many kittens give birth to cats that are in the phase of active childbearing age?
Well, cats that are at the peak of sexual activity? How many kittens do they give birth? Such individuals bring offspring with an average number of 4 to 6 kittens.
These are average indicators. It is not uncommon to find 8-10 cat babies in the litter. The absolute record holder in this case is a Persian cat named Bluebell, who brought 14 live and healthy kittens to her mistress.
If we proceed from physiological logic, then the number of babies born at a time should not exceed the number of nipples. And their cats are only eight. This extreme indicator should be a guide for breeders.
If you still have questions on the topic: “How many kittens does a cat give birth to?”, Then continue reading and you will receive answers to them.
Factors that determine the number of kittens in the litter
For the convenience of readers, we have listed them in the list below.
• The first factor, which we have already mentioned, is age. Old cats (like very young) give birth to little kittens. This is a proven scientific fact.
• The second factor is heredity. If the female herself belongs to the numerous litter, then the chance to bring the same numerous offspring from her significantly increases.
• The third factor is the breed. If we reject the exclusive cases, then the thoroughbred representatives of the cat kingdom differ from their outbred tribesmen by much lower fecundity.
• Factor Four - conditions that contain a pet. This includes the cleanliness of the room, comfort, the presence (or absence) of stressful situations.
• Fifth factor - cat diet. It must be balanced and contain in its composition all the necessary micronutrients and vitamins. It will directly depend on proper nutrition how many kittens a cat will give birth to and whether it can even get pregnant.
• Factor Six - the presence or absence of any diseases, especially infectious etiology. On this depends the normal course of pregnancy and the birth of healthy offspring by the cat.
All of these factors together have a huge impact on how many kittens a cat will give birth to. Also, a huge influence on the future of the offspring, have a physiological indicators of the male, which will be used when mating.
Rules for preparing cats for breeding
It is better to take this as seriously as possible. Your actions can have a big impact, both on the quantity and on the level of health of the future offspring. It is better to visit a veterinary clinic before this event and consult a qualified specialist. Usually, veterinarians before viscous recommend piercing the course of ovariovitis to their pet.
This homeopathic medicine has a beneficial effect on the reproductive organs of the cat. Also, before the viscous cat prescribe vitamin complexes, which are based on vitamin E. The future father, to strengthen the body and increase vitality, before viscous vitamin complexes containing vitamins of group B are shown.
It should be remembered that the selection and calculation of dosages of pharmacological drugs can not be carried out independently.
This should be done only by a qualified technician. This is especially true of preparations containing in its composition the trace element selenium.
Important! Despite the fact that the trace element selenium is able to have a pronounced positive effect on the fertilization process, never use it yourself, without prior approval from a veterinarian. Even a small excess of dosages can cause poisoning of the cat's body and lead to the death of the animal!
Feline pregnancy and childbirth
We hope that with the help of the proposed material we have given exhaustive answers regarding the question: "how many kittens do cats give birth to?". Let's now figure it out - how long does a feline pregnancy last and how is the birth?
A cat’s pregnancy lasts an average of 60 days. Despite the fact that the cat birth process is quite long and bloody, in most cases they pass without incident.
The breeder can only observe its development from the side. But sometimes there are situations when your home favorite will need outside help.
Below is a list of reasons that may indicate a complication of this process and which should alert the breeder.
• Births in cats do not occur after 70 days.
• The cat is very depressed during pregnancy.
• The cat has a fever and temperature rises above 39 degrees.
• The cat has thick vaginal discharge with a black color and an unpleasant odor.
• The cat shows no interest in newborn kittens.
• After giving birth, the cat refuses to eat for 12 hours.
• Cat contractions last more than 20 minutes, without the appearance of newborn kittens.
When fixing such problems, you must call the vet.
Our article has come to an end, but, before we say goodbye, we want to give you some useful tips. Despite the fact that the cat reaches sexual maturity at the age of 8-9 months, it is not recommended to do the mating immediately upon reaching this age period. If you want your pet to bring healthy and viable offspring, and the birth procedure would go without complications, then wait until it turns 1.5-2 years old. From this age onwards, cats reach the peak of their sexual maturity, which lasts about 8 years. Upon reaching 10 years of age, the individual is considered to be age-bearing. The average life expectancy of domestic cats is about 15 years. This indicator also depends on various factors, but this is a separate topic.
And, finally, the very last question, the answer to which all breeders of purebred (and not so) cats want, without exception. And it sounds like this: is it possible to find out before the completion of labor how many kittens a cat will give birth to? Yes you can. Just do not try to do it organoleptically. When using the method of palpation, even professionals are mistaken. In addition, there is a high probability that the cat will not like this procedure. The only method that accurately determines the number of unborn babies and does not cause your pet serious discomfort is ultrasound. It is better to coordinate the dates of its holding with a veterinarian.
We sincerely hope that we have answered all your questions in this article. It remains only to wish you a successful birth and a happy replenishment of your feline family. And yes, do not forget a week before the intended birth to make a cozy place where your pet will be able to safely "be relieved of the burden." It is better if it is a box, with a sufficiently large entrance hole and a hinged top lid through which you will observe the process and, in which case, you will be able to quickly come to the aid of your home favorite.
The normal number of kittens in the litter
The question of the number of babies in the litter is of practical importance for the owner of a pregnant female: it allows you to simplify obstetric care and have an idea in advance about how many babies you need to attach in good hands.
Long-term experience of keeping domestic cats suggests that the average pet, living in favorable conditions, gives birth to 4 to 6 kittens. Of course, this figure may vary in one direction or another, but the deviation is insignificant.
It is not uncommon for a cat to give birth to 10 or even 15 live cubs per lamb, but this is rather an exception to the rule. How many kittens can give birth to a cat maximum is difficult to assume. Experienced breeders believe that the size of the offspring depends on the number of dairy nipples in the female. To do this, you need to count and subtract the number 2. This method of determination is not completely reliable, but can be adopted.
Physiologically, the size of the offspring is determined by the number of places of attachment of fertilized eggs to the walls of the uterus, which in cats consists of two horns. Therefore, young and old females give birth to fewer kittens than animals at optimum reproductive age.
How many kittens a cat can give birth to is influenced by many factors:
- The age of the future mother. Pervorodki often give birth from 1 to 3 babies maximum. Fertility is reduced in the old animal. После семилетнего возраста питомица будет приносить меньше детенышей, чем кошка в возрасте до 6-7-ми лет. Пик многоплодности (от 4-х до 12-ти малышей за один окот) приходится на возраст от 3-х до 6-ти лет.
- Наследственность. Если в роду у кошки самки приносили многочисленное потомство, то велик шанс, что и животное будет многоплодным.
- The reason why the cat gives birth to little kittens is often a hormonal imbalance, leading to a decrease in the synthesis of eggs ready for fertilization.
- Breed. There is a tendency: a purebred animal gives birth to a smaller number of kittens than a purebred, and rarely brings more than 5 babies in one okote.
- The weight of the animal. Obesity or depletion reduces the possibility of numerous offspring.
- Nutrition. If the cat does not receive full proteins, including taurine, as well as vitamins and minerals, it can develop alimentary infertility or infertility. An inadequate diet leads to the fact that the protective response of an animal to a deficiency in certain substances is the fertilization of a small number of eggs.
- How many kittens a cat gives birth also affects the male. Sexually temperamental cat contributes to the fact that during intercourse, a greater number of eggs for fertilization. After all, as you know, ovulation in cats occurs during mating.
- The quality of the male sperm also has an effect on the fertility of the female partner.
- Chronic inflammatory processes of the reproductive sphere have a negative effect on fertility in general and may cause the female to give birth to few young.
- The reason why the cat gave birth to one kitten can be a long and uncontrolled hormonal medication (“Counter-Sex”, “Sex-Barrier” and the like). Contraception based on hormones seriously undermines the reproductive function of the animal, causes the so-called hormonal stress in the body, which leads to the birth of 1 - 2 babies in the litter.
- Individual features of the animal.
Thus, the number of kittens with one lambing is influenced by a variety of causes and factors, which are not always possible to take into account. In addition, the number of babies varies with each flush. As a rule, by the 6th year of the animal's life, the fecundity of the female reaches a maximum, and after the 7th year, the number of kittens in the litter decreases.
How many days does the cat bear the offspring
Experienced owners have an idea of how much a cat wears kittens. The average duration of pregnancy is 59 - 64 days. Representatives of large and long-haired breeds carry babies longer - up to 70 days. Replacement has more negative consequences than preterm delivery. Therefore, if a pregnancy is suspected, an animal should be shown to a veterinary specialist.
The duration of pregnancy is influenced by a variety of factors: nutrition and maintenance of the animal, health, stress, individual characteristics. The number of developing fetuses also influences how much a cat carries kittens in the stomach. If there are 1 - 2 kittens in the womb, then the mother carries them longer than in the case of numerous litters.
2 - 3 days before the birth, the cat becomes restless, looking for a quiet and secluded place. By this time, the owner should prepare the expectant mother a cozy and clean nest in a quiet darkened room. Shortly before the onset of labor, the animal loses its appetite. When pressing on the nipples protrude colostrum. A characteristic sign of the approaching labor is a decrease in body temperature to 37 C.
If the animal is healthy, then the delivery takes place independently and the owner can only observe and, if necessary, unobtrusively assist the pet. In case of complications of labor, you should immediately seek the help of a veterinarian.
The color of the kittens and their number in subsequent litters
Owners of domestic cats often wonder why cats are born different kittens. To understand this issue, you must have an idea about the features of ovulation in cats and the basics of feline genetics. Experienced breeders, using special color calculators and tables, can plan the desired colors in future kittens, selecting potential parents as carriers of one or another gene.
Most often in the same litter, babies of the same color are born. This is typical of purebred cats when mating is planned under the control of the owner. If the next estrus cat is a different suit, then the kittens in color will differ from the previous litter.
In the event that the cat mated chaotically, it is likely that males of different stripes took part in fertilization. Since ovulation in cats occurs at the time of sexual intercourse, the birth of kittens in the same litter of different colors from different fathers is a common thing.
Methods for determining the number of fruits
The responsible breeder, as a rule, wants to know exactly the number of future babies in the cat. How to determine how many kittens will a cat have? Some experts argue that the number of future babies can be determined by the number of nipples in the mother. However, this method is not accurate. Feeling the cat's abdomen with the determination of the number of fruits is a technique unsafe for the health of the cat and uninformative. It is necessary to have very high qualifications, even for a veterinary specialist, in order to accurately determine the number of future offspring in such a way and not harm the babies and mothers. Perform palpation most often on the 20-21 days after mating or on the 49- 55th day. These periods are due to the fact that after the 21st day the uterus is filled with amniotic fluid, the diagnosis is significantly more difficult.
The safest and most informative for the future mother is the method of ultrasound examination of the uterus. To conduct an ultrasound to determine the number of kittens can, starting from the 21st day after mating. To this period, you can determine the number of fruits in the womb, listen to their heartbeat.
The responsible breeder is rightly puzzled by the question of how to find out how many kittens a cat will have. This allows him to competently approach the issues of childbirth assistance, to solve the problem in advance with the implementation of the young. Knowledge of the causes and factors affecting the multiplicity, knowledge in the field of genetics will help to choose the right cat for the cat manufacturer, to follow the rules of feeding and keeping the animal during pregnancy.
The main signs of completion of childbirth in a cat. Many experienced breeders and owners do not always know how to understand that the cat has given birth to all the kittens when providing obstetric care at the nursery.
The average cat gives birth to kittens in 4 to 8 hours. Therefore, if childbirth lasts more than a day, then you should consult a veterinary consultant. How much time a cat gives birth for the first time is influenced by such factors.
After giving birth for 7 to 10 days, the cat has discharge from the genital tract (lochia). In the first days they have a smearing consistency, painted in. It is important to know what to do if the cat has given birth to premature kittens.
How many kittens can a cat give birth to for the first time
The most important and logical question. Typically, puberty in an animal occurs at the age of 8-9 months. And now she can become pregnant and bear offspring, but this applies to risk factors, because the body is still too young.
And if in our natural environment we cannot influence this fact in any way, then it is recommended that pets should not be mated before the age of 1 year. It is even better to wait until 1.5 years, when the animal will be strong and ready to bear full and healthy offspring. Usually primiparous cats carry and give birth to a small litter, it is 1-3 babies. This is due to not yet fully formed the reproductive system. Old-aged cats also give birth to little kittens, because their reproductive function is already dying out. Well, healthy cats in their prime usually bring up to 6 kittens. Nature decreed that the cat has only 8 nipples, and therefore it can feed no more than 8 babies at a time. But there are exceptions to the rule. How many kittens can give birth to a cat maximum, is unknown, but there are cases when cats give birth to more than 10 and even 12 babies.
Normally, a normal pregnancy lasts 63 days, + - 2-3 days are allowed within the normal range. By the end of the first month of pregnancy, it is already possible to grope kittens in the cat's stomach. How many are there is hard to say. Because the size of babies barely reaches 3 cm.
Closer to the fifth week, the abdomen becomes larger, but it is often undesirable to feel it for a long time, because the kittens are already dropping into the abdominal cavity. How many babies to wait for, if you are very interested in this question, you can contact the veterinarian and he will do an ultrasound. Yes that's right. Animals, like people, do ultrasound. This procedure will not only confirm the presence of pregnancy, but also help you know how many kittens a cat can give birth to.
Closer to the 6th week of pregnancy, you can observe how the belly grows in size. And starting from week 7, putting a hand to the stomach - you will feel the active stirring of the babies. The last week of pregnancy is tedious for the future mother, the stomach is big and heavy and she has no strength to move actively. At this time, she is looking for a place for childbirth, and this is the time to think about where she will give birth, and to live until the babies grow up.
What determines the number of kittens
- The very first factor is age. As already mentioned, a small number give birth to young individuals, primiparas and old-born.
- Hereditary factor. If the expectant mother was from a numerous litter, then the chances of having many kittens increase, and vice versa, if the litter was small, then you need to wait for little kittens.
- The health of the pet. Weakened cats, lacking the necessary vitamins and not having good nutrition can not physically bear and give birth to many kittens, they usually give birth to up to 3 babies.
Healthy and active
Is it possible to influence the number of kittens?
An interesting and logical question, because every owner of a cat, especially if it is thoroughbred, wants to get a bigger litter and predict its quantity and may be affecting its future number.
This is normal, because breeding cats is not a cheap pleasure. And the cost for the arrival of the groom can reach the amount of 10,000 Russian rubles, agree that the amount is not small. Usually payment occurs after the owner finds out about the pregnancy, but can take money and just for the visit of the cat. Then you need to take an interest in such simple questions and, depending on the answers received, make a decision about a mating.
- How often the cat goes on breeding. The quantity and quality of his sperm depends on it. And in the future, this fact affects the birth of a full-fledged offspring and its quantity.
- If there were already mating, how many kittens were in the litter.
- How well the cat eats.
- Does he have diseases of the genitourinary system?
- Is there a disease like cryptorchidism?
How can I prepare a cat for mating
Some veterinarians advise to increase the number of offspring before viscous to pierce their nurse a course of homeopathic medicine ovariovitis. Its action lies in the restoration of ovarian function, the sexual cycle is also regulated and fertility increases.
Gamavit - this drug has a positive effect on the eggs, gives strength to the body as a whole, has an immunostimulating effect.
Vitamin E in general has a positive effect on the reproductive system. You can not pick up drugs for the animal. Important! First consult the veterinarian, who will select the required dosage and combination of drugs.
You can also prepare a cat for the upcoming mating. He is well suited for vitamins of group B, after such a course activity and endurance of the body are noted, which will positively affect future offspring.
What is the best low-birth or multiple pregnancy?
Usually breeders are not all welcome to multiple pregnancies. It is fraught with financial expenses, but it is not safe for the physical health of the cat. A large number of children will tire their mother, they need to be fed up by everyone, and if there is little milk to buy mixes, this is already a considerable article wasted.
If the pregnancy is not very fertile, there is a risk of rupture during childbirth with a variety of consequences. Also, the kitten can get stuck during childbirth and will have to do an emergency cesarean section. Excess milk can lead to mastitis.
In all, the golden mean is good and in the birth of kittens too.
How long does a cat's pregnancy last?
If it is 9 months in women and cows, then pregnancy lasts 9 weeks in cats. Depending on the breeds, physiological and age characteristics, it can “stretch” up to 72 days. Scientists have noticed that short-haired beauties usually have 58–68 days of pregnancy, while long-haired and semi-long-haired cats can be in an interesting position for 63–72 days.
In addition, much depends on the number of kittens. The more of them, the faster begin childbirth. But if the cat mom bears one or two kittens, then she can go pregnant for the maximum period possible. And such crumbs will be healthier than fellows from multiple litter. But can a cat give birth to one kitten or will there be a lot of them?
Cat age and childbirth
If pregnancy and childbirth are the first, young cat, then the probability that there will be from one to three kittens in the litter. With each subsequent pregnancy, the number of newborn mustaches will increase (from three to eight on average). But the elderly cat also does not carry large offspring. Still, already hard, not enough strength, dead or unviable can be born. "Extra" embryos, which the cat-mother can not stand and not feed, dissolve in early pregnancy. Even if the cat was able to give birth to six or eight, it was not a fact that everyone will survive. Not rarely a couple of these crumbs die, not even living a week.
No matter how funny it sounds, much depends on how “prolific” your cat's mom was. If she gave birth a lot at a time crumbs, then your pet, most likely, will bring the same amount. And if in the genus one or two kittens were born at a time, then your cat will probably give birth to a small number.
If cats do not eat well, they do not have enough vitamins and minerals, in most cases they give birth to no more than three kittens at a time. Weakened pets are not able to normally carry viable offspring.
It has long been observed that purebred cats can give birth to up to eight kittens at a time, but pedigree, on the contrary, are not fertile. However, there is a case when one Persian cat gave birth to 15 small kittens! So if you are wondering how many kittens a cat can give birth to a maximum, then their number can reach 14-15 pieces, only this is very rare.
Not everything depends on the future mother. “Father” influences a lot.
- Cat's health (is it infectious or inflammatory, especially of the genitourinary system),
- age (too young and elderly can not boast)
- the number and frequency of matings (the more of them, the worse the quality of sperm, and, therefore, the number of kittens decreases, and their health will be worse),
- cat feeding conditions
- was the cat a cryptorch etc
Is it possible to increase the number of kittens in the litter
Actually you can. Just need to start in advance, even before the planned pregnancy and mating. Do not lean on hormones that can disrupt the hormones. A lot of homeopathic medicines (ovariovit, gamavit, for example). They help to restore the function of the ovaries, which has a beneficial effect on the formation of eggs in greater numbers than before stimulation.
The use of vitamin E (tocopherol acetate) and trace element selenium has a good effect (only with selenium one has to be very careful, since in large doses it is poison). Therefore, never try to independently prescribe any therapy to an animal without seeking full-time consultation with a veterinarian.
Improve feeding and housing conditions. Let the kitty rest more.
The statistics shows that the cat has a small litter. Most often, the pet brings no more than three kittens. This is due to the incompletely formed structure of the genital organs.
Primordial cats usually have no more than three kittens
The first pregnancy in a cat may occur at the age of 8–9 months, usually by this time the young cat is fully matured. But due to the fact that the body is young and tender, the birth of kittens refers to a risk factor for the future mother. Animals living in nature, uncontrolled. Then natural selection plays its part. But if the cat lives in the house, and a loving owner is watching her, he should not allow breeding until the female is at least a year old. And it is better to wait for the age of one and a half years.
Cat in the phase of active childbirth
The average rate for a matured cat with no first pregnancy is 4–6 kittens. Often, cats give birth to 8-10 babies.
Based on the physiology of the cat structure, the number of kittens should not exceed the number of nipples in the animal. There are eight of them. This is an indicator of the extreme, it should be a guide for any breeder. If the kittens will be more than eight, they will experience a clear lack of breast milk due to lack of space around the nipple. And some of this litter may die.
Old-aged cat, like the young, gives birth to little cubs. This is due to the wear and tear of the reproductive system.
Все кошки, которые у меня были (пятеро, но не одновременно, конечно), рожали 3 или 4 котёнка. Ни больше, ни меньше ни у кого не было.
Как определить, сколько котят в утробе
Есть несколько способов, которые подскажут хозяину, сколько малышей принесёт питомица:
- Генетика. Надо посмотреть на количество рождённых котят у мамы беременной питомицы. Плодовитость кошки отражается на её отпрысках. For example, if the mother of a pregnant cat brought 8 kittens at a time, then this individual will have the same amount. If this figure was reduced to two or four, then you should not wait for a large offspring.
- Popular wisdom. Seasoned breeders use a simple method of calculation. The total number of female mammary glands is taken into account (not all nipples, namely, those glands that have swelled up during pregnancy) and two are taken away. Such a method cannot guarantee a 100% result. However, it is often applicable.
- The science. Veterinarians and felinologists advise to check the future mother cat using modern technology, for example, to make an ultrasound. The procedure is scheduled for about a week before the estimated lambing. This method will give an exact figure of the future offspring. The exact number of kittens can show ultrasound
You can not try to determine how many kittens in the stomach of a cat, by probing. This can harm the embryos and cause stress in the animal.
Safe methods for increasing cat fertility
When the cat is purebred, and the owners plan breeding, the question arises of increasing the birth rate. Designing the scale of the offspring is not a simple matter, because there will be an intervention in the natural processes of the body. Here the main task is not to harm the animal.
Naturally, without medical drugs can not do:
- Today's veterinary market offers a lot of homeopathic products that do not harm your pet. Among them, excellent recommendations received Gamavit and Ovariovit. These drugs are designed to restore the function of the reproductive system, affecting the formation of a large number of eggs. Ovariitis - a homeopathic drug for the prevention and treatment of ovarian dysfunction in cats, increases fertility, reduces the risk of false pregnancies
- Such elements as selenium and vitamin E have a positive effect on the reproductive system of an animal. The exact dosage is determined depending on the parameters of the animal. Before offering these substances to a cat, consultations with specialists are necessary.
The process of stimulation must begin long before mating. If the pregnancy took place, all manipulations will be meaningless.
Fetal and multiple pregnancy of cats - which is better
It is rare to find a breeder who welcomes a pregnant cat with a large offspring. Multiple pregnancies are fraught with numerous adverse effects. This is unsafe for a tailed mother, and the financial aspect matters. Before the kittens find a new home, they need proper care, and this is the cost of food, hygiene products, and filler.
Multiple pregnancy is exhausting a cat
A large number of cubs (imagine that they were born 10) are weary of the mother, "squeezing all the juice out of her." To feed their own female is unlikely to be able to.
With the adverse effect of a large number of kittens on a nursing cat, I encountered personal experience. My two cats gave birth with a difference of 2 days. For two, they had 7 kittens, and they coped with them very well. But after two weeks, I took the found - three newborn kittens thrown away by someone. Cats took them right away. It seems that the number of babies (ten) for two was quite acceptable, but I noticed that the cats began to lie in the box in turn. One of the foundlings had to be supplemented - he simply did not have enough space at the nipple, and he could not get through to him on his own due to weakness. By the time all the kittens began to eat on their own, my cats looked like walking skeletons, although I fed them well, considering their circumstances. So I concluded that many kittens, even if the cat has no problems with lactation, are not very good for both the mother and the babies.
Multiple pregnancies often end with stillborn kittens, since the physiology of the cat does not cope with the large volume of embryos.
Low-birth pregnancies, in turn, can lead to a baby getting stuck in the birth canal, because usually in such litters the kittens are quite large. This will lead to an emergency cesarean section (at best, if the owner starts to sound the alarm in time, at worst, the cat may die, as well as her baby). Excess unclaimed milk contributes to the development of mastitis, which also has the risk of adverse events.
The best option for the cat - the golden mean, that is, 4-6 kittens.
It should be understood that the most important thing is not the number of kittens born, no matter how expensive they are, but the health of the cat and its offspring. The continuation of the race is an amazing process presented by nature. Do not interfere in its laws. It is only necessary to help the animal in this difficult task.