Irish Wolfhound - a large hunting breed of dogs. He is of enormous height, has a strong and graceful physique, with long legs thanks to which he can run fast, and is simply indispensable when hunting wolves.
A good watchman and companion, however, this brave breed is completely devoid of aggression to man. A stranger can be frightened by the enormous growth of a dog. This giant is considered the mascot of the armed forces of Ireland.
Irish Wolfhound is an ancient breed, was born more than 2 thousand years ago. She bred for hunting the most dangerous predators of Ireland - wolves and wild boar. Thanks to his keen eyesight and strong paws, he could easily beat the enemy. There is a legend that these giants were used to hunt giant Irish moose, but in truth, this is just fiction.
His appearance on the world of mystery for dog trainers. Perhaps the ancient Romans, who brought dogs from Britain to the Metropolis for fighting in the circus arena, brought these bearded “bearded” giants. In Ireland, they guarded the settlements and hunted large predators.
Another version, they say that the Irish Wolfhound was introduced to Ireland by the Celts around 500 BC. In those days, the breed bore the name "Irish Hound", "Wolfhound", "Ku" - which meant a strong beagle.
The Irish Wolfhound possessed tremendous strength and courage. The soldiers incited them to their enemies, and the wolfhound threw the enemy horseman off the horse without any problems. They went into battle forward troops, guarded the fortress as a sentry.
The Legend of the Irish Wolfhound
Photo Irish Wolfhound in the service
About his valor and exploits laid many legends. The most popular story tells how the English king John the Landless brought the gift of the little wolfhound Levellin to the Prince of Wales.
The prince named the dog Gelert, he became his favorite and loyal friend. And for his little son nanny and protector.
One day the king went hunting, leaving Gelert at home. In those difficult times there were a lot of wolves in the forests. Sometimes it seemed that there were more of them than people and dogs combined. They were a threat to both the hunter and those who stayed at home.
Approaching the house, the prince saw a pet rushing to meet him, waving his tail. But the dog's soiled muzzle is very concerned about the owner. Headlong, he rushed into the house to the cradle of his son, but she was empty. Grief and sorrow seized the prince, he decided that his favorite bit the baby.
In an instant, a saddened father whipped out a sword and killed a dog. Dying, the faithful dog issued a long, mournful howl, from which the baby woke up, sleeping under the cradle. The prince knelt down and saw a huge dead wolf, who was bitten by his favorite, saving his master's son.
Having comprehended the horror of the deed, the prince did not remember himself from grief. He ordered to erect a monument to faithful Gelert, the statue stands to this day, and the place where the favorite was buried was named in his honor, Beth-Gellert.
In Europe, wolfhounds were a rarity, and many noblemen dreamed of receiving them as gifts.
In 1641, the Irish Wolfhound was introduced to France, presented to Cardinal Richelieu.
In 1652, Cromwell, having come to power, forbade the removal of the breed from England on pain of the death penalty.
After several centuries, having destroyed his gray enemy, he was left without a main purpose - the hunt for wolves. What led to the degeneration of the breed.
In 1862, the captain of the British army D. Graham, engaged in the breeding and restoration of the breed. Over time, he managed to improve many qualities, except for dexterity.
In the XVIII century, when the Irish wolfhound almost disappeared, the breeders crossed it with a greyhound, Danish Great Dane and a Scottish greyhound.
The newly minted Irish Wolfhound regained popularity in the Ami.
Irish Wolfhound Standard and Breed Description
Photo Irish Wolfhound in the field
Body type: elegant, strong, muscular.
Movement: light, energetic.
Head: long, straight, held high, frontal bones of the forehead slightly pronounced, with a weak depression between the eyes.
Neck: long, strong, muscular, well arched, without dewlap or loose skin under the throat.
Muzzle: elongated, moderately narrowed.
Jaws and teeth: scissor bite, the top row of teeth tightly overlaps the bottom.
Ears: small, rose-shaped.
Body: long, ribs well curved.
Back: long, straight.
Loin: slightly convex.
Croup: wide enough between maclacs (these are two bones in the croup area, or in other words - waist. They can be used to determine the fatness of a dog. If it is difficult to distinguish the waist, maclacs are not detected, and the ribs are under a thick layer of fat and are not palpable - it's time to put on a diet).
Chest: deep, moderately wide.
Ribs: well curved.
Wolfhound tail: long, slightly bent upwards closer to the tip, of medium thickness, densely covered with hair.
Were limbs: direct, strong, long.
Shoulders: muscular, sloping. Elbows pointing back, turning neither in nor out.
Hind limbs: muscular, straight.
Paws: large, rounded, stand straight. Fingers tightly packed into a ball. The claws are strong, curved.
Wool: rough on the body. On the legs, on the head, above the eyes and on the beard, the hair is wire-like.
Males: must have two well developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Irish Wolfhound character
By the nature of the Irish wolfhound tender, balanced and kind. It is even surprising that such a giant is actually a very vulnerable and tender creature.
He is quite difficult to ruffle, but if he gets angry, immediately turn into a dangerous enemy. Very devoted to the owner and his family. A good watchman and guard, but never to rush at a person, he is very trusting and benevolent towards people. He has no aggression to the person, only if he felt a real threat to the owner, he will immediately rise to his defense.
The Irish Wolfhound has high intelligence, is independent and independent, therefore from the puppy age he must know who is the boss in the house. The wolfhound has a rather slow maturation, most remain puppies for more than a year, although it looks like a huge individual. Training must begin with the first days of the appearance of the house. He must obey, and obey the commands of the host. With proper treatment, they are strongly attached to the person and faithful to him all his life.
The main rule - never beat the dog. If you do not succeed in upbringing, contact the professionals. An experienced person will teach her obedience.
The Irish Wolfhound loves the children of the owner very much, many childish pranks suffer, if the child gets tired of it, it will simply get up and go to the opposite corner or room. But given the huge size, never leave a small child with him alone.
Gets well with other pets, cats and dogs of other breeds.
The breed is very calm, almost does not bark, and does not make noise over trifles. Despite the large size, it is quite compact in the apartment. True, as a bed you are obliged to provide him with a separate sofa. Large weight does not allow him to lie on a solid bedding or floor for a long time.
Walking with a wolfhound is necessary at least twice a day for 40 - 50 minutes. The walks are calm, without much stress.
If you are a busy person and spend more time at work than at home, get yourself an other pet that is well tolerated by loneliness, such as a parrot or a hamster.
Irish Wolfhound needs to communicate with the owner. It can not be locked in a cramped apartment and only occasionally take a walk. A large breed needs more space. Incorrect content will result in physical and emotional disturbance.
If you want to start an Irish wolfhound, you must understand that a big pet is a big responsibility. Ask yourself whether you can provide him with good nutrition, care, a visit to the veterinarian, field trips and most importantly devote enough time that he would not feel abandoned. They need the company of a person, otherwise they become disobedient out of boredom and begin to play pranks. One-year-old puppy, for example, is able to crush a room within an hour. A well-trained Irish Wolfhound can participate in dog shows, competitions for obedience, field trials.
Irish Wolfhound late becoming adults. They are allowed to jump after a year, then a year goes to training. Of course, they are not as fast as a Borderleus or Golden Retriever, but they are very stubborn. So agility can create decent competition even for the most dexterous breeds, and those individuals whose owners have dedicated their lives to it occupy prizes.
For the maintenance of the Irish fit a private house with a garden or a spacious courtyard. Take out regularly on the nature. Many owners of Irish wolfhounds do not hunt, but love to watch his sweeping gallop, which gives the pet a real pleasure.
Irish Wolfhound Care and Maintenance
Photo Irish Wolfhound in a private house
The Irish Wolfhound has a tough, wire-like guard coat and a soft undercoat. This coat perfectly protects the body from mechanical damage during hunting and chasing a wild animal, mosquito bites and gadflies, getting wet, cold and dirt.
It has almost no peculiar smell "dogs". It does not tangle into mats and is quite easy to comb.
Haircut: Irish tough wool is not sheared, but only trimmed, 2 times a year, spring is autumn. Trimming is done with fingers, a trimming knife or stripping.
Trimming knife resembles a serrated knife, with different heights and frequencies of teeth. The knife is not sharp, so as not to cut the wool, but serves as a replacement for the index finger - to facilitate the process of pulling out the coat.
Regular combing of the wool with a trimming knife will give it a well-groomed look, remove the undercoat and dead hair. Many breeders consider it convenient to hand a knife in the shape of a “fish tail”. Individuals who have completed an exhibition career are allowed to cut.
It is necessary to comb 2 - 3 times a week with a metal comb and a brush from natural bristle, to keep the six clean and tidy. During combing, blood circulation is improved, dead hair is removed and the pet enjoys a pleasant massage.
First of all, combing the wool with a metal comb, you need to start with the head, then go to the body, well comb along the sides, head to the tail, and then go to the extremities. Keep the comb at an angle strictly in the direction of movement.
After that, we brush the wool with a natural bristle brush, first against the wool, then in the direction of growth. Wet rag can remove accumulated dust and dirt.
It is rarely bathed, 1–2 times a year, as it is polluted or before the show with shampoo for wire-haired breeds. Wool is not soft, otherwise it will lose the necessary protective qualities, so the air conditioner is not used.
For tremendous growth, dry cleaning is suitable. Dry shampoo is first rubbed into wool, and then combed well with a comb.
After feeding, wipe the face with a damp towel to remove food residue from the beard.
After the walk, wash the genitals and paws with a shower.
Claws are clipped 1 time per month with a nail clipper for large breeds. Too long claws are cut in several approaches. Be sure to monitor the state of claws, by nature they are quite curved, and growing long can cause discomfort when walking.
Teeth regularly inspect. Healthy gums of a pleasant pink color without bleeding.
Teeth are cleaned 1 time a week, using toothbrushes for dogs using a toothbrush or a fingertip. For a mechanical removal of plaque, let us chew on chewing bones.
Ears regularly inspect, wipe the inside of the sink with a damp cotton pad, removing dust and sulfur. If an unpleasant odor emanates from the ear, there is an excess of sulfur, fluid is leaking or the dog shakes his head, rubs against the floor, be sure to ask your vet for help.
Paws after walking wash and inspect the paw pads for injuries. The hair between fingers should be removed so that the fingers are gathered into a ball. In winter, I pod pads with vegetable oil to prevent cracks.
Eyes regularly inspect. Once a week, rinse with a damp soft cloth dampened with chamomile or tea with warm water. A healthy eye without souring, redness and excessive tearing. If you notice these symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately. From an early age to teach the procedures, otherwise with an adult Irish wolfhound you simply can not cope.
After the hygiene procedures, be sure to praise him and treat him with a favorite delicacy.
Mites and fleas carry health hazards; regularly treat Irish wolfhounds for ectoparasites. After walking in the forest or park, always check your pet for the presence of parasites. Especially carefully examine the armpits, neck, abdomen, near the genitals and ears.
Fleas cause allergic reactions, dermatitis, severe itching, anemia, and infectious diseases.
Ixodic mites are carriers of a deadly disease - piroplasmosis (babesiosis). They are especially active and dangerous in the early spring - summer - autumn.
Finding a tick, do not panic. If you have the opportunity, immediately contact your veterinarian. He will remove the tick, inspect and be able to analyze for the presence of piroplasmosis.
At home, you can remove the tick yourself:
- Put vegetable oil on it.
- With the help of tweezers or a tick twister that is fashionable and convenient today, grab the head closer to the skin and gently unscrew the tick from the body in a circular motion.
- Inspect the wound to see if the head has remained, and treat it with an antiseptic.
The next few days, watch the health of the Irish Wolfhound. If he is active, eats with appetite, he has no temperature, everything is in order.
But noticing the following symptoms:
- Refusal to eat and drink
- High body temperature (39 - 41 degrees)
- Lethargy, apathy to everything that happens
- Red - brown urine
- Yellowing of the eyes
Immediately go to the vet, otherwise the dog may die without medical assistance.
Funds for fleas and ticks are of several types:
- Drops (applied to the area of the withers 1 time per month, do not bathe for 10 days)
- Spray (they are treated with wool before a walk, lounger and clothes)
- Tablets (taken orally, protect up to 12 weeks)
- Collar (protects with constant wear up to 7 months)
Preparations are selected according to the weight of the animal, and it is best to consult with a veterinarian before purchasing.
Irish Wolfhound nutrition
On the issue of nutrition Irish wolfhound owner must approach responsibly. In large breeds, problems with limbs are more common, the diet is chosen as balanced as possible and enriched with necessary substances and minerals.
Of course, the easiest way to consult a breeder who sold a puppy than to feed a wolfhound. The responsible breeder will definitely offer help and advise the best for the little ones.
For the Irish Wolfhound there are two types of feeding:
- Dry ready food
- Natural food
Of course, both have pros and cons. Ready food should be only premium class, and therefore it is not cheap.
Its plus is that you do not need to spend time on cooking, it already has vitamins and trace elements balanced.
Natural products are also not cheap, and the correct proportions of vitamins and minerals will always have to be calculated by yourself, and time is spent a lot on cooking. You always know what food is cooked from. In any case, what kind of food you would not prefer, remember, never mix dry food and natural food water feeding.
How well you develop the diet of a growing organism depends on its health and well-being in the attraction of life. The young organism must be provided with the nutrients necessary for proper development and functioning. Improper feeding leads to rickets, poor bone structure, poor growth and lack of muscle development.
The number of feeds puppy Irish Wolfhound:
- up to 1.5 months - 6 times a day
- 2 - 3 months - 4 times a day
- 3 - 6 months - 3 times a day
- after 6 months - 2 times a day
- after a year they are fed 2 times a day
Irish should be fed only after a walk, freshly prepared food at room temperature. Ensure continuous access to drinking water.
Portion should be eaten in the sapling for 20 minutes, otherwise remove the bowl with food in the refrigerator until the next feeding.
Consult the veterinarian what vitamins are necessary for full development.
- Lean meat, rabbit, beef, chicken (scalded or boiled)
- Low-fat cottage cheese
- Sea fish without bones
- Kashi (buckwheat, rice)
- Fat meat
- Smoked meat
- Excess salt
- River fish
- Трубчатые кости
Ирландский волкодав болезни
- Заворот желудка (страдает от вздутия живота, когда газы накапливаются в его желудке. Желудок может раздуться до состояния, что его придется немедленно госпитализировать. Feed the Irish Wolfhound in small portions and place the bowl a little under the slope)
- Von Willebrand disease (blood clotting)
- Shoulder osteochondrosis (congenital disease leading to degenerative disease of the shoulder joint)
- Dislocation of the patella
- Hip joint malformation (a process in which the hip joint develops abnormally and causes pain and lameness in animals)
- Atrial fibrillation (heart rhythm disturbance)
- Pyoderma (skin infections)
- Osteogenic sarcoma (cancer of the bones of the extremities or appendicular skeleton)
- Hypothyroidism (the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of hormones)
- Wobbler syndrome (spinal defect in the neck, which causes weakness, and even paralysis)
- Inversion of the eyelid (eyelashes grow inside and irritate the eyeball)
Rapid age-related changes can cause heart problems, improper bone growth and cancer.
How did the breed
In Ireland, Irish wolfhounds are deservedly considered the main property of the country, and in England these dogs serve the royal family. But in fact, the history of the breed began long before the appearance of Ireland, and there is evidence that dogs existed back in the 400s BC.
Then the giant hunting dogs accompanied the Celtic tribes who roamed the territory of the modern central part of Europe. Dogs are called Celtic greyhounds.
Researchers believe that these dogs, having penetrated the British Isles, became the founders of the Irish Wolfhound breed. The very first written confirmation of the existence of borzoi with beards belongs to the ancient Roman emperor. In his letter, he gives a description of the huge dogs with bristly wool, which were brought to Rome in iron cages.
Then the giants were used for bloody amusement - hounding dogs. Despite all the rigidity, the positive side of dog fighting is the active selection of hardy and strong dog breeds. Many ancestors of modern breeds once fought in the rings.
It was also found that at that time the puppies of the Irish Wolfhound were presented to the imperial family as a gift. Of course, at the beginning of an era it is impossible to talk about professional breeding of a breed, however, even then there was a selection of representatives based on their working qualities. Valued strong, large, fast individuals.
When animal baiting was outlawed, the Irish wolfhounds were on the verge of extinction. Then they began to be used for large game pens and military patrols, thereby reviving the fading breed.
The second crisis the breed experienced at the turn of the 18-19 centuries. Then the hunt lost its relevance, the number of Irish wolfhounds decreased significantly, and then they almost disappeared. The next revival of the breed was due to the admirer of these dogs - Mr. Richardson. Finding an old-type dog, he began to independently restore the lost gene pool.
The work of Richardson gave fruit by the end of the 19th century, in 1885 the first standard of the Irish wolfhounds appeared, and then the first breed club appeared, maintaining the qualities of dogs and their breeding. This event contributed to another fan of the Irish wolfhounds - Agustus Graham. In addition, he so accurately described the breed that its descriptions are used to this day. In our days, the best representative of the breed is awarded the Graham Prize.
Breed description Irish Wolfhound
Today, the standard adopted back in 2001. According to him, the Irish wolfhounds belong to the group of hard-haired greyhounds. These are large, muscular dogs, but without undue severity. Growth males at the withers is approximately 79 cm and weight about 54.5 cm, females - not more than 71 cm, body weight - 40.5 kg. With such growth, pedigree representatives belong to the highest breeds.
Dog breed Irish Wolfhound photo
They are elegant and attractive. From dogs blows a kind of nobility. Irish wolfhounds move energetically, gracefully, at ease. During movement, the head of the dogs is slightly raised, the tail is high.
The standard describes the breed as follows:
- Head a decent length, the frontal bones are weakly convex, there is a barely noticeable hollow between the eyes. The cranium is rather narrow, the muzzle has a moderate taper. The teeth are small in size, with a straight or scissor bite. The lips have a black edging, are dry and tight. The muzzle ends with a large, wide lobe of the nose, pigmented by black.
- Eyes medium, oval, iris can be black and dark brown. Eyelids with black edging, tight fit. The look of the wolfhounds is kind, calm. In excited dogs, he becomes shrill, attentive. Ears are small, set high.
- Neck long, with a pronounced relief of muscles, it becomes wider closer to the shoulders. The back is wide, the loin is wide. The croup is slightly sloping, with muscles. Dogs chest is powerful, deep, with an oval cross-section. The belly is neatly picked up.
- Tail long, thick, with a raised tip, has a low fit and is abundantly covered with wool - on top of a more rigid hair, on the bottom - soft.
- Front and rear limbs long, straight, with developed muscles and oblique metacarpals. Paws are rounded, collected in a lump, with clenched, vaulted fingers. The claws are large, black.
- Irish Wolfhounds covered in rough, tough wool. In the area of the superciliary arches, it is longer and eyebrows are formed from it, and in the area of the chin, the same elongated hairs form a beard. On the body the coat is short, wavy, the density is average.
It will be interesting:
Colors of the Irish Wolfhound
There are many colors of Irish wolfhounds:
- gray (different shades),
- gray-blue dark
- sand red
Strict restrictions do not exist, the standard allows various other shades.
Irish Wolfhound Character
These giants from Ireland are very affectionate, intelligent animals, capable of making their own decisions. It is possible to cause fury of a wolfhound in two cases - attacking a dog, or threatening the life and health of its owners.
Representatives of this breed differ phlegmatic character, the pet quietly stays at home alone or even with children. And this is despite the fact that wolfhounds are very sociable and are not too happy about loneliness, but they will not harm and harm. The dog is so patient that it never hurts a child who hurts him. But to avoid this, it is better not to leave the pet with the kids.
When the family is assembled, it is vital for the dog to be with everyone, but it’s not going to spin under its feet, it won't fade. In his character - it is delicate to sit on the sidelines and wait for his help. These formidable giants are very sensitive, they can be very offended by rough treatment, cruelty, indifference.
Positive quality is the silence of dogs, they rarely bark, without causing discomfort to family members and neighbors. In addition, they are very quiet, delicate.
Irish can be kept with other animals, but only if the dog puppy enters the company of pets. Otherwise, you should take into account the hunting past and strong instincts of wolfhounds. A lively mind and quick wit of a pet make it easy to train him, even for difficult teams.
Education and training of the Irish Wolfhound
To bring up dogs of this breed is a real pleasure. They understand and grasp everything on the fly. However, some peculiarities should be taken into account so that the process is the most productive:
- You can not raise your voice when giving the command. Many researchers believe that the high notes of the voice are perceived by dogs as screeching, and such sounds are made only by weak individuals. To maintain leadership, you need to talk to your pet calmly, evenly, with confidence.
- It is necessary to prohibit the puppy to do what is not allowed for an adult dog. Moreover, it must comply with all family members.
- Wolfhound puppies are very curious and tender, but strangers should not be allowed to stroke it.
- From a very young age, the use of physical force from the processes of education and training should be excluded.
- For full-fledged socialization, it is necessary to remove the pet more often to places with a large number of irritants. This is a sure way to make the dog confident and calm in the conditions of city fuss.
Terms of care and maintenance
The original wool of the Irish Wolfhound requires special care. To make the dog look tidy, you need to brush it once a day for 1-2 days with a brush for hard wool. After walking, it is recommended to inspect the skin for the presence of parasitic insects.
Considering the size of an adult individual, it is necessary to teach a dog to hygienic procedures - washing, combing, trimming claws, etc. from puppyhood. Otherwise, later to do something with the giant, against his will, will be very difficult.
Irish Wolfhound photo
Claws trimmed on a mandatory basis, otherwise they may interfere with movement. A couple of times a year it is recommended that the dog trimming - removal of dead hair. For exhibition dogs, this procedure is mandatory.
Do not think that since the dog is so huge, he needs to run a lot and for a long time. In fact, Irish people need the same amount of exercise as medium-sized dogs. But it is extremely important to allow the pet to run in open areas.
How and what to feed
It does not matter what the owner chooses - natural food or dry food, as long as the diet is balanced and provides the large animal with everything necessary. If we are talking about food, it is better to give your pet a premium or premium product. This is a great option for people who do not have free time for cooking pet food.
With natural feeding should avoid foods that can cause an allergic reaction. The pet's diet should contain meat - beef, chicken. Also needed are fresh and boiled vegetables, herbs, cottage cheese products, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal.
Immediately you should stop begging at the table, not by the status of such majestic dogs to be beggars, and human food can cause significant harm.
Important about feeding:
For how much you can buy a puppy Irish Wolfhound
Given that we are talking about the most famous and ancient breed, it can be assumed that the price of the Irish Wolfhound cannot be low. A puppy with a pedigree costs from 35,000 rubles. The cost of the representative of the breed of the show class varies from 60,000 to 100,000 rubles.
Irish wolfhounds are dogs "for life", you can not cruelly joke with them and give in other hands. They really can be compared with equal members of the family. They are loyal, affectionate and intelligent, and therefore require an appropriate attitude. Only with the attentive and affectionate attitude on the part of the owners will the dogs always reciprocate.
Description of the Irish Wolfhound
By standard, the pet should be similar to Dirhound. Pet size is impressive. He also has well developed muscles. The breed standard has the following descriptions:
- The growth of pets is - 78 cm (males) and 70 (bitches). And weight from 40 to 55 kg. With its volumes, the dog is quite energetic and mobile.
- The ears are small in size with a wide arrangement.
- Small eyes of a dark color. Pet's gaze can be either calm or attentive.
- The back of the wolfhound is flat and elongated, the thorax is deep.
- Pet's belly tucked up.
- Legs slender, strong and straight.
- Pet tail is long enough.
- The pet's coat is coarse, so eyebrows and beards are pronounced.
- The coat color can be: white, black, gray, ginger, brindle or yellow. On dark color often bright marks (on paws, a tail, a breast) meet.
History of origin
Irishman has a century of history. Progenitors of the breed are the ancient Egyptian greyhounds. Images that depict the Egyptian wolfhounds, dated 1250 BC.
The history of the current animal is associated with Ireland. From this country, the dogs were taken away by the Romans, who used them for hunting. Also wolfhounds often released into the arena of shows.
The mention of a dog is found in one of the letters of Quintus Aurelius (emperor). There were described dogs that were brought in bulk enclosures.
In the records of the 16th century, the description of these dogs is also traced. So, one priest talked about the hunting of wolves, in which large dogs participated.
In the middle of the 16th century, the Frenchman - Cardinal Richelieu, along with the Duke of Tuscany, received a few Irish greyhounds as a gift. At the same time, the dogs took part in baiting bulls, elks, bears and other large animals.
In wartime, dogs were used too. Big dogs did not need much strength to push the enemy off the horse.
In the middle of the 18th century, the British were engaged in breeding the breed - George Graham. He took for his goal to create an animal that could attack a wolf. In the selection took part: Scottish and greyhounds, Great Mastiffs and Pyrenean dogs. In the year 79 of the 18th century, a new breed received official status. After another 6 years, a nursery appeared in Ireland, where the Irish wolfhounds were bred and the breed standard is made.
By the nature of a large dog is very kind and friendly. Irish Wolfhound is smart and smart. He will not attack anyone or show unmotivated aggression. But will be able to protect themselves in case of danger.
It seems that this dog likes to think. The Irishman often sits quietly with a pensive expression on his face.
The animal very much loves all its household. This attachment is so strong that in the case of a long departure of the owners, the dog is so sad that the heart can not stand it. Therefore, you can not keep these dogs in the cages on the street. There the companion's pet will be too lonely.
Wolfhounds puppies are fast learnable and easy to train. During the class it is important to show the hardness of character, but at the same time showing his love for the pet. Punishing a dog or being too strict with it is not worth it. A sensitive and vulnerable animal may break.
You can often hear from breeders that the Irish Wolfhound is not trained, but brought up. It is important that the pet remembers all the rules of conduct in the house and on the street, but otherwise it will be comprehensible and obedient anyway.
Instill pet aggression on special courses is not worth it. Otherwise, there will be two developments: a beautiful good-natured puppy will be morally broken or an uncontrollable and large animal will grow out of it.
With small children, pets behave with dignity. They love babies and calmly react to their awkward and sloppy movements in the direction of the dog.
Dogs are not able to offend even a cat if she herself does not behave aggressively towards the Irish.
Because of its friendly disposition, a pet cannot serve as a guard dog.
Upbringing and training
This is a very clever and obedient dog. She will help you conduct a lesson according to your plan. To make upbringing and training lessons effective, the following rules should be considered:
- Do not raise the voice on the animal, giving commands. Pet can appreciate high timbre as a cry and a manifestation of weakness. For a dog to respect the owner, you need to talk with it calmly and confidently.
- Do not allow a puppy that is usually forbidden to adult pets. Then in the future with the education of the dog will not be problems.
- You can not allow stroking a puppy to everyone. Otherwise, he will grow good-natured and characterless.
- Any manifestation of violence towards the animal is unacceptable. To punish a pet for disobedience, it is necessary to take him by the scruff on his back (lightly) and calmly say to him - “It is impossible”.
- The puppy will be happy with all the new and exciting activities that the owner will come up with for him. Wolfhounds are very smart, because they are very interested in everything new. The more time you spend with your pet, the more active and predictable the dog will grow.
- If the Irish Wolfhound lives in the city, it is important to bring up the pet in an environment where there are many irritants (noise, other people and animals, cars). So, the pet quickly adapts to urban life.
Care for the Irish Wolfhound
This breed of dogs is not demanding to care. The main thing - periodically cut shaggy wool and comb it. Bathe the pet with a special shampoo for dogs. In the ears of a wolfhound several times a quarter shears wool. You also need to regularly trim the dog's claws. It is important to teach the dog to all care procedures from an early age.
The ideal place to keep a pet is a private house with a house plot. Irish Wolfhound should run and active a lot. In a small apartment it will be closely. When walking the dog is also important to ensure active games and runs.
It is important to take a pet for examination at least once a year, as it is prone to many diseases that are easily treated at the first stage.
Food Irish Wolfhound
For the animal to form correctly, it is desirable that the growth period lasts longer. A growing dog should not pass on, but it is important for her to get the nutrients to the fullest.
You can feed your pet with high-quality store feeds, they will have already added the entire set of necessary vitamins and substances.
Если вы решили кормить ирландца натуральной пищей, то прежде всего, в ней должно быть нежирное мясо (80-90%).
Щенкам и взрослым собакам будет полезен кефир и творог. Обязательно скармливают питомцам кашу и овощи.
Не дают собаке съедать объедки со стола, соленую и жареную пищу. The availability of the animal should always be sufficient amount of clean drinking water.
Diseases of the Irish Wolfhound
Irishman has good health, however, there are a number of ailments peculiar to this breed more than others.
- von Willebrand syndrome
- dislocation of the patella,
- Wobbler syndrome,
- abdominal distention,
- to the elder of the elbow,
It is very important to care for the animal's hair, inspect it for fleas or ticks after walking.
History and brief description of the breed
Irish Wolfhound is a hunting breed of dog, which is one of the largest in the world, and it is believed that it appeared a long time ago. More than two thousand years ago, the Celts who lived in Ireland began to select the largest animals available at that time from greyhounds and use them as assistants in hunting wolves, deer and other large animals.
When the Romans invaded Ireland, they began to take out puppies and use them for fighting in shows. Then the British seized the territory, and they also paid attention to strong and large dogs, which they left at the court for intimidation, and also gave representatives of the authorities of the countries they wanted to cooperate with: Italy, France. Thus, the breed has become widespread and has become quite popular.
Even the photo shows that the Irish Wolfhound is a very large dog. Its growth is usually about 70-75 centimeters, but can reach 85-90. Weight depends on the size, it ranges from 40-55 kilograms. Males are larger and taller than females. The constitution is quite strong, but there is no “dry” one, that is, no developed or pronounced muscles. Body proportional: the body is elongated, wider in the chest, long legs. The head is rather long, the muzzle is elongated and narrowed. Ears are small, located in the back.
The coat of such a pet is rather stiff, long and coarse, but on the ears and head it is somewhat softer and shorter. The color can vary from gray, fawn, wheat or white to tiger, brown, reddish or black. If the shade is dark, then, according to the standards, light areas are allowed on the paws, the tip of the tail and on the chest.
Main character traits
The nature of the Irish Wolfhound, despite its huge size and awe-inspiring appearance, is rather mild. The only thing that can scare others is the height and weight, everything else sets up a rapprochement with the pet.
- Firstly, he is very restrained and friendly, calm and completely non-aggressive, although he belongs to the hunting breed. The watchman of this animal also does not work, because he does not treat hostile or wary strangers.
- Secondly, the Irish wolfhounds are very quick-witted and respond well to training, especially if it is done correctly, and the owner behaves confidently and firmly. In addition, the pet will strive to execute commands to please and earn praise.
- Thirdly, it is worth noting excellent socialization. Moreover, the pet will be able to get along with all members of the family (including with children, because to offend the weaker and defenseless is not in his style), and with other animals. But contacts and communication should be taught from an early age to make it a habit.
- Fourthly, the Irish Wolfhound is an excellent family dog and a wonderful companion. He is loyal and faithful, will demonstrate and prove his love, but in return will require attention, communication, care and affection.
Who is this dog for?
Irish wolfhounds fit and not the most experienced owners, as they are well trained and non-aggressive. But if you live in a cramped apartment, then make a choice in favor of another breed, since a large animal needs a large space, giving confidence and providing free movement and splash of energy.
How to care?
It is important to provide the Irish Wolfhound with proper care, which is to comply with the following rules:
- Brush your hair regularly and gently pull it out to remove loose hairs and prevent active shedding.
- As you regrow, trim your nails.
- Bathe the Irish Wolfhound regularly, but not too often. This should be done about once in one or two months (if the pet spends a lot of time on the street and gets very dirty, then water procedures can be performed more often).
- Periodically inspect and clean the ears, do not allow them to be contaminated.
- Sometimes (every six months) you can trim the wool so that it looks more well-groomed and healthy.
- Be sure to walk with your four-legged friend every day, and let him frolic and throw out energy.
How to train?
Training is learning simple commands. It is also important to make it clear that the boss is the main thing in the house, for that you need to behave confidently and, if necessary, to show firmness. But the four-legged friend will not tolerate shouts and corporal punishment, so that changes in the tone of voice and a slight increase in its tone will suffice. In addition, it is important to immediately show the dog his place, as well as to teach him to other family members, otherwise he will become strongly attached to one person and it will be difficult to experience even a short-term separation from him.
Tip: do not let your pet iron all in a row, it may become too gullible. But at the same time, take him to crowded places so that he gets used to people and gets new emotions (puppies in particular need it).
How to feed?
Nutrition plays an important role in the development and health of the pet, because it must ensure the intake of all necessary substances into the body. And if you consider that a large pet, then we can conclude that the volume of food eaten must be appropriate.
As for the choice between natural food or food, the owner should make it. Premium specialty foods are balanced and contain everything you need, but they are expensive. And natural food should be varied, fresh and high quality.
Feed the Irish Wolfhound two or three times. If you choose natural food, then offer protein foods such as eggs, dairy products (cottage cheese), lean meat, poultry or fish, offal. Necessary and carbohydrates contained in cereals (of which you can cook porridge). Also heat treated vegetables are allowed. And fats should also be present, their pet can be obtained from vegetable oils.
Tip: to avoid problems with digestion, it is desirable to chop food, as dogs can not chew it thoroughly.
Although in general the Irish Wolfhound is a fairly strong and healthy breed, problems such as entropion, visual disturbances (cataracts), problems with bones and joints (hip dysplasia, dislocation of the patella, hygroma of the elbow, osteosarcoma, Vobbler syndrome) may still occur, hypothyroidism, as well as digestive disorders.
Love the Irish Wolfhound, and he will become the most loyal friend!
If you decide to start an Irish Wolfhound, then find out how it should look. The pet is very similar to Dirhound, but unlike the Scottish Greyhound, the Irishman is stronger. By gravity and massiveness, it is seriously inferior to the German Great Dane. The table describes the external breed standard.
Table - Standard breed Irish Wolfhound
History of origin and interesting facts
Irish wolfhounds belong to the oldest breeds. Scientists believe that the breed is over 2 thousand years old. The first mentions of wolfhounds are dated 391 AD e. The Celts living in the territory of modern Ireland used huge pets to protect against wolves and hunt large animals.
As the story goes, the breed "Irish Wolfhound" was very interested in the Romans. They used huge dogs in arenas. Dogs were valued for their speed and strength. In addition, bribed the minimum care for a pet.
For a long time the Irish were forbidden to export beyond the borders of their homeland and of ancient Rome. And only in the middle of the XV century, the pets got to other countries, presented as gifts to the royal personages. And in the XIX century as a result of uncontrolled crossing they found themselves on the verge of complete disappearance. Irish breeders made a lot of efforts to restore the oldest breed. And in 1885 the breed standard was officially approved.
The history of this breed is rich in interesting facts.
- Guard attendants. Irish wolfhounds in their homeland since 1908 serve in the Guard "Liszt clover". Noble giants accompany royals and nobility at various parades and celebrations.
- Special emblem. The armor of the Irish warriors was often engraved with the image of a wolfhound. The motto was the inscription: "Affectionate - in response to tenderness, merciless - in response to an attack." It is these words that can briefly characterize the four-legged giant.
- Companion pet. The dog is not a service, fighting or guard dog. Irish Wolfhound is very gentle and friendly with a man. It was precisely this strategy that the breeders adhered to, completely excluding from breeding those pets who showed aggressiveness. Therefore, modern giant dogs are good, cute companions.
- Wolfhound actors. Do not be surprised. Pets are easy to train. Therefore, to shoot them in the movies is a pleasure. Good-natured giant dogs entered the cast of the following films: “Pride and Prejudice”, “Robin Hood”, “Mad Max - 3”.
Advantages and disadvantages
A good-natured wolfhound, fully self-confident, will decorate the house with his presence. And if this personification of softness and majesty chooses you as their master, it will surround you with such care and love that you could only dream of. However, along with the positive aspects there are some shortcomings presented in the table.
Table - The advantages of the Irish Wolfhound and its disadvantages
If we talk about colors, then most often there are five varieties of Irish wolfhounds.
- Gray . This is the most common type. The shade of wool can vary from the lightest shades to saturated. This palette is usually diluted black areas on the face, ears.
- The black . This is the main coat color. It can be diluted with white markings located on the paws or chest. But such sites should not be large. Over time, the pet may acquire a lighter shade, but the undercoat always remains black.
- White Completely white color for Irish wolfhound wool is a rarity. Most often, the pet gets a cream shade. A distinctive feature of white dogs is the complete absence of dark markings.
- Redhead Quite a common color. The pet may have any shades of red color. Sometimes the coat appears even reddish.
- Brindle. A small puppy can have a beautiful tiger pattern. Growing up, the pet is able to darken considerably and even become monotonous. But the undercoat will keep a beautiful tiger pattern. And if the dog acquires a wheat, cream or light gray tone, then the original pattern will be visible through the main wool.
Requirements for the content and nutrition
Irishman picky in care. Pet, despite his dislike for loneliness, is able to comfortably settle in an aviary or kennel. And even in a cramped, small apartment the dog will settle down with surprising accuracy.
Pet's coat is coarse and hard. Its length varies depending on the content of the dog. If the wolfhound lives on the street, its wool is thicker and longer. In the area of the muzzle it is shorter. Thanks to this feature, the dog does not seem too overgrown. Grooming includes only a few recommended procedures. In addition to carrying out hygiene procedures, the pet needs active walks.
- Wool. Despite the long hair, care for her is minimal. Stock a brush with long teeth and periodically comb out the dog. During the seasonal molting procedure, conduct more carefully and more often.
- Bathing Do not abuse water procedures. Even those dogs who live in an apartment are not recommended to bathe more than 3-4 times a year. If the pet is provided with proper nutrition, the dog's skin does not emit an unpleasant smell.
- Eyes ears . Inspect the ears and eyes daily. If necessary, clean with a clean gauze cloth.
- Trimming. To provide a pet aesthetic beauty, it is recommended to trimming the beard and eyebrows. You can repeat this procedure every two to three months.
- Teeth . In wolfhounds, especially those who have passed the five-year mark, stones often appear on the teeth. Therefore, periodically monitor the condition of the oral cavity, take your pet to the vet. In order to prevent the appearance of a stone, carry out prophylaxis with various hygienic "goodies" or cartilage.
- Walking The Irishman is very developed hunting instinct. That is why it is better to display a pet on a leash. After all, he can chase after any target and please under the car. By the way, thanks to a solid undercoat, the dog does not need clothes and does not freeze in the winter.
The feeding process of a large dog is very important and somewhat frightening. Puppies deserve special attention. After acquiring the Irish Wolfhound, it is necessary to feed the baby with the same food that the puppy received in the nursery. Such a diet is necessarily maintained for two to three weeks while it is being adapted. As a rule, breeders give the Irish food super premium. Then you need to make a decision about what kind of further nutrition will be.
- Industrial feed. You can gradually translate into any dry or wet food. The choice is always agreed with the veterinarian. This will allow you to choose the most optimal feeding, rich in all necessary substances. Combining industrial food with natural products or vitamin supplements is strictly prohibited.
- Natural menu. If the choice fell on ordinary foods, then it should not be feeding from the master tola. A pet needs to prepare special dishes separately. It is very important to include in the menu proteins (meat, fish), dairy products, cereals. Complement the diet with special complex additives containing potassium, calcium, phosphorus. It is recommended to give vitamins of group B. As a small puppy grows very quickly, it is necessary to constantly consult with the breeder or veterinarian and timely adjust the diet.
The Irishman is so clever that dog experts prefer to talk not about the training of the pet, but about his education. Moreover, they always emphasize that learning a wolfhound is very easy and pleasant. The dog quickly understands everything, is easy to learn. However, there are some features that must be followed.
- Smooth tone. Never raise your voice on your pet. And it's not just offense. Researchers believe that the cry, implying higher notes, is interpreted by the dog as squeaks of weak creatures. And if the giant classifies you as weak, then there can be no question of any leadership on your part.
- The exclusion of aggression. During the punishment, never use physical force. Completely eliminate the aggressive aspect. Pet is very affectionate and friendly by nature. But if you start to bring up aggressiveness in him, you will suffer from this very seriously, because such a giant can easily become uncontrollable.
- Important limitations. Looking at a sweet, affectionate puppy, many owners make a serious mistake by allowing the pet those things that are unacceptable for an adult Irishman. As an adult, it is almost impossible to retrain a dog - a sharp-witted Irishman may decide that you have become less in love with him. Therefore, bring up the baby from the very first days.
- Other people's caresses. Irish puppies are very affectionate and very curious. Therefore, they will be happy to “meet” on the street. However, the owners should not allow strangers to stroke and caress the pet.
- Mandatory socialization. Oddly enough, but such a giant can grow uncertain and even very cowardly. Therefore, it is necessary to socialize the pet from early childhood. To do this, it is recommended to bring the puppy to the street exactly in those places where there is the greatest number of various stimuli. So you can accustom the child to the bustle of the city and bring him confidence.
Diseases and treatment
Irish pathologies are most often associated with genetics. In addition, its "imprint" imposes a huge size, because of which the joints are very affected. In large pets, internal organs: the heart and blood vessels wear much faster. The most common diseases inherent in the breed are described in the table.
Table - Diseases of the Irish Wolfhound, symptoms and therapies
From the very name of the breed it is clear that the dog originated from Ireland, and its initial occupation was the hunt for wolves.
This is a very old hairless dog of greyhounds. This group includes only the Scottish deer legion dog - dirhound. However, looking at the ponderous appearance of the wolfhound, it is noticeable how little it has in common with typical greyhounds.
Известно, что предки ирландского волкодава еще со времен кельтов жили на Британских островах и помогали при травильной охоте на кабанов, лосей и волков. Их жесткая шерсть защищала от дождей и колючих кустарников.
Об этой собаке слагали легенды. По одной из них в ирландского волкодава была превращена капризная принцесса, не ответившая взаимностью друиду. From her puppies and there was a breed of dogs with a fierce appearance, almost human mind and with royal blood.
Since the 17th century, dogs have become so actively imported that they are almost no longer in Ireland, and a decree was issued banning the export of wolf dogs.
Now the Irish wolfhounds serve in Buckingham Palace and participate in royal ceremonies.
It is the largest of the greyhounds, hard-haired breed, strong, muscular, but elegant structure. Her height at withers reaches 86 cm, and weight ranges from 45 to 55 kg.
The head of a wolfhound is long, the muzzle is narrowed, not large ears are pulled back. The chest is wide, the back is long, and the long tail is slightly wrapped at the end.
The wool of the Irish wolfhound is hard and coarse, on the head and ears is somewhat softer.
The color can be gray, white, brindle, black, red, fawn or fawn. With a dark color on the chest, a bright spot, light paws and the tip of the tail are allowed.
Irish Wolfhound Character
This is a balanced dog, impressive not only for its power, but also for its restrained friendliness. Now it is not a service, not a guard and not a fighting dog. This is a companion and decoration of the life of wealthy people.
She loves children very much and wolf-dog walks well with other animals, never attacks weak and small ones.
A sensitive dog terribly dislikes family quarrels and troubles, takes offense at a rough shout, it can even get sick with its owner. The wolfhound does not like to live in an open-air cage because it does not tolerate loneliness. Therefore, despite its size, it is a domestic dog. It is best for him to live in a large country house, where you can run around a spacious plot, and in the evening at the feet of the owner, soak up by the fireplace.
Irish wolfhounds are very smart and well brought up. For the normal development of this breed, attention and caress of the host are vital. Even punishment should be combined with a good attitude. Teach them fairly general teams and ordinary skills. When keeping a dog at home as a companion, experts do not recommend training the wolfhound in the guard-guard service, in order not to wake up unsafe instincts in this large animal.
In the house this huge animal is almost imperceptible. All he needs is a spacious and comfortable place to sleep, as well as the opportunity to run on a walk without a leash.
Since the wolfhounds are very attached to the owner and may even die when he is away for a long time, the puppy must be specially taught to remain calm and with other family members.
For wolfhound coat, not burdensome care is needed. It should be periodically combed and bathed about once every three months as needed.
For aesthetic purposes, the dog is slightly trimmed head, ears and front of the neck.
For the giant is very important high-quality balanced nutrition. At the same time, high-calorie feed and overeating is dangerous. An adult dog needs 600-800 g of dry food. Sometimes for dessert it can be pampered with fruit.
It is extremely important to feed the puppy properly, carefully choosing high-quality vitamins and mineral supplements so that there are no health problems associated with very fast dog growth. And this, of course, requires certain costs and the help of specialists.
Development of a puppy can be harmed not only by overeating, but also by taking long walks.
Irish Wolfhound Health
Life expectancy of representatives of this breed is not great - about 10 years. There is a tendency to certain diseases. First of all, these are genetic problems with the joints of the limbs associated with high weight: hip dysplasia, shoulder osteochondrosis, dislocation of the patella, elbow hygroma, osteosarcoma.
Also, representatives of this breed often have abdominal distension, pyoderma, hypothyroidism, dilated cardiomyopathy, Wobbler syndrome, Von Willebrand disease, cataracts, entropion.
Irish wolfhound puppies are quite a rarity. Even the cheapest animals without documents are worth order. 700 dollars. Elite puppies from show parents can cost up to $ 3,500.