Proud, big dogs or small, funny dogs? Choosing a pet, you can be sure that by surrounding it with attention and care, you will very soon get a faithful friend who will become a true family member. Brussels Griffons cause emotion - fun, active kids. Yes, they are not at all like representatives of aristocratic breeds, but they are very sensitive and tender.
A bit of history
The Griffon ancestors performed far from the most prestigious work. They were started to catch rats in the stables. But then it occurred to someone to cross them with pugs, spaniels and affen-pinschers.
From pugs, the modern look just got a short face with a specific bite.
But little shaggy creatures gained wide recognition and popularity only in 1880, after they appeared at an exhibition in Brussels. They really liked noble ladies who massively desired to have such companion dogs.
It is quite possible to call these crumbs pocket, after all their growth makes only 18-28 cm. It will not be difficult to carry them in hands or a bag at all, the weight fluctuates within 3-5 kg.
Characteristic features of this species are a funny beard and large bulging eyes. Ears and tail, as a rule, stop shortly after birth. The coat is quite hard, and its color can vary from black to sand.
The Brussels Griffons are very friendly. They are happy to meet with adults and children, although sometimes shy. But experts do not recommend leaving babies under 5 years old alone with dogs. The bones of the animal are quite fragile, so there is a risk of serious injury.
Attachment to the owner - another distinctive character trait of small doggie. If you decide to buy such a pet, it is worth considering that you automatically start the "tail", which will constantly follow you on the heels.
Another important point is that these pets very poorly tolerate separation from the owner, and against the background of this they can start to get seriously ill. If you do not have the opportunity to devote enough time to your pet, then it is better to refuse to purchase such a breed.
It is also worth paying close attention to the upbringing of the small four-handed merry fellows. Feeling their whims, you risk getting a spoiled, naughty dog. Cunning and egoism they do not take away, because they skillfully use it in order to get benefits for themselves. And even the small size is not an obstacle in order to begin to dominate the owner.
Under the right supervision
By themselves, the Brussels Griffons are fairly clean, and special knowledge of their care is not needed. It is enough to carry out some complex procedures regularly:
- Combing. Stiff wool requires daily carding. This not only makes it more attractive, but also activates the update process.
- Cleansing. It is necessary if your pet loves to lie on the ground or in the grass. A special brush or wet sponge will help remove dirt.
- Trimming. It is needed during the molting period to remove excess wool.
- Haircut mustache and beard. You can cope with it at home or, if you are not confident in your abilities, contact a specialist. A detailed description of how to properly shape the coat can be found on many pet sites.
- Ears and teeth. They also need to be periodically cleaned to prevent the process of reproduction of pathogenic bacteria.
We have dealt with cosmetic procedures. And now a few words about physical fitness. To avoid obesity and related problems, walking with a dog twice a day is mandatory. And if there is a possibility at the weekend to substantially extend them - it will be perfect at all.
How and what to feed?
Since the Brussels Griffons are representatives of small breeds, their nutrition should be as balanced as possible. Because here the amount of nutrients is important up to grams. Overdoing can be as destructive as lacking.
The easiest way is to choose the right feed. But sometimes it happens that some four-pawed friends react to the appearance of allergies. In this case, you need to either replace the feed or switch to natural food. In the case of the latter, it is worth remembering that vitamin-mineral supplements should be mandatory.
After eating, do not be lazy to wipe the dog's face. Due to the nature of its structure and the presence of wrinkles, food residues can accumulate there, which can result in unpleasant odors and the growth of bacteria.
The content of the Brussels Griffon is a real pleasure, provided that you initially make it clear to your pet who is the boss. And then this little dog will surely win your heart.
- Communicability and activity are the main features of the representatives of the breed. It's hard to get bored with the Brussels Griffon.
- "Brussels" - satellites in every sense of the word: the owners are hard to avoid prosecution and constant monitoring by these bearded men.
- Of all the family members, the dog distinguishes only one person, while the rest are cool and incredulous at first.
- Contrary to the small size, the Brussels Griffons are good guards. The animal will surely notify the owner of the approaching alien stranger barking.
- This breed is not suitable for families with children, because its representatives will not tolerate familiarity and neglect.
- Socialized griffons easily get along with both their relatives and other pets.
- "Brussels" are famous for their developed intellect, so they are easily trained to teams, of course, if they are not stubborn.
- Beginners and people with a soft character is better to think about purchasing another pet.
Brussels Griffon - decorative breed of dogs. At the sight of these babies, an association with Hercule Poirot — the hero of A. Christie’s novels — involuntarily arises. First of all, the legendary detective and griffons are united by their common homeland - Belgium. Secondly, animals are notable for the same funny "mustache", as well as Monsieur Poirot. The Brussels Griffons are distinguished by a cheerful and good-natured character - a universal key from the hearts of most people. These dogs have an inquisitive and lively mind, do not like to sit in one place and always follow the owner on the heels. Surround the brisk kid with care and attention, and he will become you the most faithful friend you can only dream of!
History of the breed Brussels Griffon
The Brussels Griffons appeared in Belgium about two centuries ago, although indirect references to the breed date back to the first half of the 15th century. So, on the "Portrait of the Arnolfini couple" by an early-Dutch painter Jan van Eyck, a small shaggy dog is seen, which looks like a Brussels griffon. The similarity of the animal with the modern representative of the breed can be traced in the later picture of the German artist Johann Zoffany. On it, the children of British King George III play with dogs of light beige color, like griffons. Frenchman Pierre Auguste Renoir created a masterpiece called "Nude with Griffon", where there was also a place for this amazing animal.
Contrary to general delusion, the name of the breed did not come from a mythological creature with an eagle’s head and a lion’s body. The word "Griffon" is of French origin and is translated as "wire-haired."
Favorable climatic conditions of Belgium obliged its inhabitants to actively engage in agriculture. Frequent visitors to the barns, where the grain was stored, became wild rodents, distinguished by amazing voracity. After a dozen of their barbaric raids, the Belgians might have lost their harvest before the onset of winter cold. For successful pest control, they bred a new breed - small shaggy dogs, which easily penetrated into hard-to-reach places and turned out uninvited guests. Outwardly, they differed from modern animals, but the similarities were obvious.
It is worth noting that the breeding program has become quite fruitful, giving the world three types of griffons:
- Belgian - direct descendants of affenpinchers,
- Brussels - a mixture of affinpinchers and cavalier king charles spaniels,
- Brabant (pti-brabanson) - the result of mating cavalier king charles spaniels and pugs.
Breeders allow crossing three lines between themselves. Adult dogs differ only in color and type of coat. This is indirectly confirmed by the cases of birth of representatives of all species of griffons within a single litter.
The fate of the small rat-catchers radically changed in the second half of the XIX century. Then the griffons attracted the attention of representatives of the nobility. These dogs were admired even by the Belgian Queen Maria Henrietta. She supported animal breeding and played an important role in spreading the breed throughout Europe. Increasingly at dinner parties and balls, noble ladies appeared accompanied by griffons. Some used these dogs and for the protection of crews: the sonorous barking of babies immediately attracted attention.
With the Brussels Griffon related famous story with a sad ending. So, Queen Draga Serbian was obsessed with the idea of poisoning, so before each meal she shared a portion of food with her favorite. One day, after another piece of griffon fell to the floor dead. Suspicions of the queen were confirmed, but at the same time she lost her loyal pet.
The Brussels Griffons did not have a pretty appearance. Their popularity was due to the enthusiasm of the owners, who appeared at various exhibitions and shows along with their shaggy pets. The first release of griffons into the world took place in 1880 at an exhibition organized in Brussels. Noticing the interest of the public to the charming "bearded", dog lovers united and in 1882 founded the Royal Society of St. Hubert. Soon, its members began to keep the breeding book of the breed, which at that time had a different name - a small Belgian wire-haired terrier.
Such an active strategy was crowned with success: in 1904 the first breed standard was adopted. Six years later, the Brussels Griffons were entered into the official registry of the American Kennel Club (AKC). In 1920, the Orlean nursery Volcano, owned by Miss Ionides, totaled about 40 representatives of the breed. Most of the dogs were brought from France and Belgium. Ten years later, a woman acquired new griffons from the nursery Nunsoe. With the beginning of the military events of the 20th century, Ionides took care of transporting her wards to the UK.
In 1926, the first alarm was sounded: representatives of the breed were increasingly less exported from the territory of Belgium. After the end of the Second World War, the number of dogs was completely reduced. Mostly they lived in the United States and Great Britain, but they were much less common at home. In 1945, the first American breed association appeared. After 11 years, the Brussels Griffons were recognized by members of the United Kennel Club (UKC). In 1963, breeders finalized the previous standard. This version is valid to this day.
Despite the efforts of dog breeders, the breed remained sparse. Thus, during 1993, the tribal book of France registered only 25 cases of the appearance of griffons into the world. And now to meet a representative of this breed is a rare luck. The Brussels "bearded men" did not receive significant distribution, but they still earned the love and admiration of dog handlers all over the world due to their outstanding appearance and good-natured character.
Appearance of the Brussels Griffon
The Brussels Griffon is a decorative breed. It can not be called a lap dog, implying a pretty and docile pet. Griffons are known in Belgium as street shooters: coarse and stocky, with unruly hard coat and "human" expression of the eyes.
The breed standard defines the following parameters: height at withers - 27-32 cm (for males) and 25-30 cm (for bitches), body weight - from 3.5 to 6 kg. “Boys” look stronger and stronger: the sexual type is well pronounced.
Head and skull
The head of the Brussels Griffon has a rounded shape, looks large in relation to the body. In comparison with the prominent forehead, the superciliary arches and occipital protuberance are inconspicuous. The skull is round and large.
The Brussels Griffons are owners of a very short and upturned face. Its length usually does not exceed 1.5-2 cm. Stop deep: the frontal part abruptly turns into a small bridge of nose. The short nose is notable for wide nostrils, divided by furrow, pigmented in black. When viewed from a dog in profile, the tip of the nose and forehead form a line. When viewed from the front it can be seen that the eyes and nose of the animal are at the same level. Dry and tight lips have a dark border. Despite the fact that the upper lip completely hides the lower jaw, in the corners of the mouth there are no so-called pockets. The teeth and tongue are not visible when the dog's mouth is closed. Chin issued forward, slightly raised. On the hair coat of the muzzle, the “mask” is highlighted by a tone two darker than the main coat color.
The ears of the Brussels Griffon are small in size, set high on the crown and at a considerable distance from each other. Located in a semi-standing position with a slight inclination forward. The standard allows for the cupping of the ears: at the same time, they become pointed and slightly raised.
The eyes are set wide and in line. Differ in rather large sizes, roundish, but not convex. Looking at the griffon is characterized by "humanity", because of which even puppies seem to be wise life experience. The eyelids are tight, completely hiding the whites of the eyes and the so-called third eyelid. “Decorated” with long eyelashes, because of which the effect of black edging is created. The preferred color of the iris is brown, the darker the shade the better. Look expressive and lively.
Jaws and Teeth
The lower jaw of the Brussels Griffon is U-shaped, slightly upward bent, forming a snack. The incisors are located on two parallel lines, the canines are arranged quite widely. Having a complete dental formula is required. With the mouth of the dog closed, the tongue and teeth should be hidden.
The strong neck of the animal does not look weighted, despite the high position and “bulge”. Medium length, distinguished by lean muscles.
The Brussels Griffon has a square body format: the height of the dog at the withers coincides with the length of the body. At the expense of a developed bone, it seems that the chest of an animal protrudes forward, like a hussar wearing his uniform proudly. Rounded ribs do not create a “barrel-shaped effect”. Withers of dogs expressed moderately. Long shoulder blades tight. The back of the griffons is muscular and strong, goes into the lower back (its line is slightly raised). The croup is sloping downwards. Belly tight, groin contoured.
For the tail of the Brussels Griffon is characterized by a high postav. It rushes up, the tip “looks” on the back, but does not twist and touch it. The docking of the tail is 2/3 of its original length.
Differ in relief muscles and strong developed bones. "Carried out" under the body of the animal, placed in parallel and at a considerable distance from each other. Tight elbows are located under the withers. Steep forearms go into short pasterns. Griffon's limbs end in small round paws with gathered fingers. The pads and claws are pigmented black.
They are set up in such a way that they slightly project beyond the sciatic tubercles, the angles of the joints are moderately developed. Strong thighs are notable for the relief muscles. Hock joints are located low above the ground level, turning into strong metatarsus. The feet are round and arched, ending with stiff pads and claws painted black.
The marginal hair is of medium length, thick and wire-like - the rougher it is to the touch, the better. Around the eyes of the dog, near the nose, on the cheeks and chin, the fur is longer, forms "vegetation" on the face: eyebrows, whiskers, mustaches and a beard. Needs manual trimming.
The breed standard Brussels Griffon provides the following color options:
- red with a brownish “mask” and dark decorating hair,
- beige with a brownish-red or black “mask” and dark decorating hair,
- solid black (gray dogs appear in adult dogs).
Defects consider the slightest deviation from the standard. Among the most common are:
- stretched or shortened body format
- silky and soft coat,
- slanting and / or light eyes,
- light or rough build
- pointed and / or lowered face,
- aggressive or cowardly behavior
- carelessly trimmed wool,
- sharply sharp or right angle croup,
- humpbacked or saggy lower back,
- brown claw pigmentation,
- barrel chest,
- flat and / or narrow head,
- наличие прибылых пальцев,
- низко поставленную шею,
- неразвитую мускулатуру,
- избыточную массу тела,
- белый остевой волос,
- узкие холку и спину,
- прямой прикус.
Дисквалифицирующие пороки породы таковы:
- частичная или отсутствующая пигментация век, мочки носа и губ,
- белые пятна или «проточины»,
- коричневый цвет мочки носа,
- light pigmentation of claws,
- loose mouth,
- sprained joints
- undescended testicles
Character of the Brussels Griffon
Representatives of the breed look like harsh and unsociable bearded men, but with closer communication with them it is easy to understand that the first impression is still deceptive. The Brussels Griffons are energetic and sociable dogs that love to be the center of attention. You should be careful with the latter: out of these babies it is easy to raise capricious and demanding pets who will not leave you alone until they get what they want.
Griffon owners speak of their pets as the "tails". And indeed: animals are accustomed to follow the owner on their heels and at the first opportunity to "kiss" him to a pulp. Four-legged natives of Brussels tend to support any, even the most crazy idea. Spontaneous trip to the river bank in the early morning? All paws for! An unexpected journey to the ends of the earth? Even better! No matter how tired and sleepy the “Brusselsman” would be, he will not begin to grumble in response to an offer to actively spend time and find strength for a long-awaited walk.
Living in a large family, the Griffon regards only one person as his equal. The rest will have to try pretty hard to earn at least minimal trust from the dog. And it’s not worth talking about selfless love: it can take more than a month to conquer the heart of an obstinate kid.
Although the Brussels Griffons are distinguished by self-confidence, they need a host society and do not tolerate loneliness. This breed is not suitable for people who spend a significant part of their time in the workplace. The “Brussels man” will not become the best friend and the one who is not used to the obligations to the living being. An animal is prone to impose its company, which will appeal to far from everyone.
Among the newbies there is a perception that ornamental dogs do not need long walks. In the case of the Brussels Griffon, this is not so: the representatives of the breed like to explore the surroundings under the close supervision of the host. Of course, half an hour promenade is enough for animals, but if you manage to stay on the street as long as possible, there will be no limits to the pet! It seems that under a harsh to the touch hair coat hidden a small motor that sets the dog in motion, forcing her to frolic in the fresh air.
Despite its modest size, this breed is famous for its protective qualities. A small "bell" will notify the host of the approach of an uninvited guest. Of course, you shouldn't wait for a zealous protection of property from a griffon, but still be sure that a fly will not pass unnoticed by the watchful “bearded” guy.
“Brusselsians” need early socialization, otherwise at the sight of strangers the dog will show fear or aggression. Even properly educated griffons are wary of strangers. A typical representative of the breed will not wag its tail in vain if people around him genuinely admire it. Instead of loud and joyful barking, the animal will curl and take a step back. Stroking the baby a stranger is unlikely to succeed.
Families with children should think about other breeds. The Brussels Griffons do not differ in their patience with regard to childish games, will not tolerate rude jolts, and may even bare fangs if they see danger in the child’s actions. Moreover, these small dogs are rather fragile and require an appropriate attitude. Unfortunately, not all children are careful to pets.
Representatives of this breed can easily find common language with their relatives. If a dog lived in your house before the appearance of a griffon, the Brussels "bearded man" will gladly recognize the authority of his older friend and even begin to copy his habits. However, some kids still try to take the place of the alpha. The task of the owner - to stop the possible aggression. This rule applies to other pets: cats, decorative rodents and birds. The socialized griffon tolerates animals, but in any case will jealously guard their toys and treats.
The Brussels Griffons are not suitable for keeping in an aviary - this is a fact. Small pets love a cozy apartment without drafts. Equip a hiding place for your dog, set aside about an hour and a half daily for a walk, more often get out of the city - and the Brussels Griffon will be the happiest!
Upbringing and training
In addition to the appearance of an experienced old man, the Brussels Griffon is notable for an inquisitive mind. Even two-month-old puppies easily understand what they want from them, so their education should start as soon as possible. First, clearly determine the position of the leader: the griffon should not allow the thought that he is the head of the family. "Brussels" are prone to dominance, so this breed is not suitable for people with a soft character.
Although griffons are considered to be fairly intelligent dogs, their training can be difficult. The animal often shows stubbornness and willfulness, so learning will require a lot of time and effort. At the same time, the Brussels Griffon is one of the most trained miniature breeds. It is worth starting with the study of basic commands: “Sit!”, “Lie down!”, “Voice!”, “Come to me!”, “Give me a paw!”, “Near!”, “Don't!”. If necessary, refer to the services of a professional canine.
In the process of training, use the main weapon - consistency and patience. Use only positive methods: delicacy, encouragement, or affectionate stroking behind the ear. It is not recommended to raise the voice to the dog: after such a humiliation, the griffon will not soon tune in to the training mood.
In addition to the teams, it is worthwhile to use the Brussels Griffon in certain sports - in particular, Agility. During an obstacle race, the animal will not only repeat the teams that have already been studied, but will also completely dissolve its paws. In addition, communication with the owner and the four-legged relatives will only benefit.
Care and maintenance
Due to the specific coat coat, the Brussels Griffons need constant and thorough care. The dog must be combed at least once a week (preferably more often), using a comb with thick teeth or furminator. A special “studded” mitten will also work: these are sold in pet stores. Sideburns, mustache and beard should be combed daily, so that the wool does not get tangled and looks neat. Breed representatives also need regular trimming - plucking hairs. It is advisable to entrust this procedure to a specialist, especially if your pet is planning to participate in the exhibition.
Representatives of the breed do not need regular water procedures: this has a negative effect on the state of wool. It is enough to bathe the dog as needed, but not more than twice a month. Pay attention to the composition of zooshampunya: it should not contain aggressive substances. Before bathing, dilute the hygiene product with water at a ratio of 1: 3. Wash off the shampoo thoroughly, especially with the decorating hairs on the animal's face. After swimming it is enough to wipe the griffon's wool with a towel made of natural material that absorbs moisture well. Take care of the absence of drafts, otherwise the dog may catch a cold. An ideal place to relax after a bath is a dry and warm room.
It is important to know: small skin folds on the face of the Brussels Griffon are a good breeding ground for disease-causing bacteria. Be sure to inspect them after each walk or meal. So you will avoid forced visits to the veterinary clinic.
The trimming procedure is also necessary for the griffon ears: a thick coat of hair in the shells prevents good ventilation. To soften sulfur and its careful removal, it is recommended to use agents with a drying effect.
A regular inspection is to expose the eyes of a dog. Their convex shape contributes to irritation due to long hairs, so that areas of the body above the nose must be carefully cut. The hairs are removed in the direction to the inner corner of the eyes. Remember that copious discharge is an alarming signal: you need to eliminate the problem as soon as possible, otherwise the intervention of a veterinarian will be required.
The oral cavity is another favorable breeding ground for bacteria. The owner of the Brussels Griffon should take care of regular removal of plaque from the teeth of the pet. The frequency of the procedure can be reduced if the dog eats dry food: in this case, cleaning is carried out involuntarily. Host intervention is required only once a month. Animals that consume natural food will have to clean the dentition from puppyhood. To do this, you must purchase a special paste in the pet store. You can “please” Griffon hygienic means the taste of fish or meat. Some dog owners recommend rubbing the teeth of pets with activated charcoal, which slows down the formation of plaque.
The Brussels Griffon is a very active breed, the claws of its representatives often grind off on their own. Sometimes this does not happen, and the animal begins to experience discomfort. Here comes to the aid of a special kogterez for small dogs. Cut the griffon's claws carefully, without touching the areas with blood vessels. Do not hurt your pet, otherwise the next time he will do anything, just not to be given in your hands.
Food - an important point in the content of the Brussels Griffons. When acquiring a new friend, it is worth consulting with the breeder regarding the former diet of the dog: it is strongly not recommended to change it sharply. It is necessary to transfer a pet to a new type of food gradually, watching the griffon's state of health. The representatives of the breed often manifest allergies.
There are two options for the diet: dry food and natural food. When choosing the first you should consult with a veterinarian and carefully read the recommendations on the package. Ideal for super premium or holistic feeds. This way of eating will save a lot of time.
The natural diet of the Brussels Griffon should include raw or scalded meat boiled, boiled sea fish without bones and cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, rice). Canine experts recommend complementing the dog menu with seasonal fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products and quail eggs. Once a day, add a teaspoon of vegetable oil to the main "dish".
- spicy, salted, pickled food with spices,
- "Human" drinks (tea, coffee),
- fatty meat (pork, lamb),
- river fish in any form,
- cow and mare's milk,
- carbohydrate foods
- smoked delicacies,
- berries with pits,
- tubular bones
It is necessary to provide the dog with constant access to clean water. Owners are advised to use bottled. Suitable and infused water from the tap.
In general, the Brussels Griffons are unpretentious. Although they need three walks, you can teach an animal to defend a need in a special place (for example, on a diaper) and thereby reduce the time of the boardwalk. Some bearded owners like to wear them in beautiful clothes, but on the whole this cannot be called a necessity. The exception is slush: due to the low growth, the griffon can get pretty dirty, so it will need waterproof overalls.
Having got a little friend, it is necessary to select a secluded corner. Otherwise, the griffon will hide from prying eyes under the bathroom or bed, on the lower shelves of cabinets, and even in open bedside tables. In the same place, the animal will hide its “treasures”: slippers, toys, socks, pencils, pens, and other items that, in his opinion, have lost their value to the owner. Taking a little fuzzy in your house will have to accustom yourself to order if you don’t want to lose many things. By the way, for such a funny habit the Brussels Griffons are often called housemates.
Despite its modest size, the snoring of the griffon can be compared to the snoring of the English mastiff. This is due to the flattened face, which makes the breath too loud. For a good sleep and good health in the morning, it is recommended to arrange a pet's private spot far from your bedroom.
Health and Diseases of the Brussels Griffons
Representatives of the breed are distinguished by strong immunity against viral and catarrhal diseases. However, dogs are characterized by common pathologies:
- hydrocephalus (dropsy of the brain),
- distichiasis (the presence of excess eyelashes),
- eyeball prolapse
- complications during childbirth,
- cyst in the spinal cord
- retinal atrophy,
- Perthes disease
- narrow nostrils
Daily walks, feeding age regime, timely vaccination, treatment for parasites - these are the keys to your pet's longevity and health. If you find suspicious symptoms, you need to sign up for a consultation at a veterinary clinic.
How to choose a puppy
Before buying a Brussels Griffon, it is important to create suitable conditions for the maintenance of a future friend. Sun loungers, bowls, toys, harness, dog hygiene products - only after purchasing these necessary things, it is worthwhile to start searching for a nursery. Breeders who specialize in breed are mainly located in large cities. If you live on the periphery, think carefully about the way back - already in the company of a four-legged friend.
As soon as a suitable nursery of the Brussels griffons is found, you can proceed to the selection of the puppy's sex. Remember that males are distinguished by independence and a tendency to aggression, and bitches - obedience and devotion. The latter can create additional discomfort during estrus: while walking with your darling, you can hardly escape from the crowd of four-legged “suitors”.
If you have already decided on the sex of the future pet, it's time to look at the candidates! The optimal puppy age for purchase is 6-8 weeks. Toddlers who were early torn off from the mother, in most cases, grow weak and unsuitable. In addition, the mental state of such a griffon leaves much to be desired: the puppy lacks the skills of primary socialization.
When choosing a Brussels Griffon, carefully look at the whole litter. If the kids are mostly shy or even aggressive, ask the breeder to introduce you to another dog family. Healthy Brussels should be curious, playful and fun. Check it out easily: take a bunch of keys or a rattle in your hand and stretch it in the direction of the puppies. Babies with great well-being will immediately attract a new sound and smell.
Pay attention to the complexion of the griffon. You should not choose the most plump puppy, but the excessive thinness of the animal should also alert you. Prefer medium-sized baby, carefully examine it from all sides. The coat should be thick, without any bald spots, the eyes and ears must be clean, the paws must be intact. A healthy "Brusseller" should not cough and sneeze.
The last step on the path to a selfless friendship with a griffon is the receipt of documents. A conscientious breeder must provide the buyer with a certificate of vaccination of the puppy, his passport and confirmation of the pedigree. It is worth asking him more about the content of the Brussels Griffons, and especially about the diet of the selected baby. For a positive adaptation, it is not recommended to dramatically change the diet of the puppy.
The price of the Brussels Griffon
Brussels Griffon with an elite origin and good health will cost the future owner 40 000 rubles. The price may vary in any direction, based on some factors: the location and popularity of the kennel, the age and sex of the dog, the titles and awards of his parents. For a lower price - about 15,000 rubles - you can buy a “Brussels man” from your hands, but in this case no one guarantees the health and good immunity of the dog.
No matter how much you have to pay for the griffon, this is nothing compared to what a devoted and cheerful friend you get! The representative of this breed will bring a share of fun, even in the most monotonous everyday life.
The Brussels Griffons are small and funny dogs, at the same time they are distinguished by a lively mind, attentiveness and alertness. They have a special nose pattern, and the whiskers make the animal's face look like a monkey. However, do not judge the dog by its modest dimensions. Griffon is a well-built breed that has strong bones, innate vigor and endurance.
Visually, it is quite easy to distinguish the female from the male, but they do not differ much in size between themselves. There are some established standards for the height and weight of dogs. But there are also preferred and expected indicators:
- Preferred: 2.7-4.5 kg, 18-20 cm.
- Expected: 2.3-6 kg, 26-32 cm.
More details about breed standards can be found below.
The breed standards of the Brussels Griffon are as follows:
- The head is rounded, rather large in relation to the whole body. Wide forehead, sharply turning into the nose and face. As a rule, the length of the muzzle does not exceed 1.5 cm, although it may appear outwardly elongated at the short-haired line. Dense, thin and tightened lips. Нижнюю челюсть полностью накрывает верхняя губа, но не подбородок. Губа не свисает, в уголках рта отсутствуют карманы.
- Зубы небольшого размера, плотно поставлены. Нижняя челюсть немного прямоугольная, загнута вверх. Ровные резцы имеются в полном комплекте. Линия верхних и нижних резцов параллельны друг другу. Когда пасть закрыта, язык полностью прячется за резцами. Прикус представлен в виде перекуса.
- The nose is black, compact, divided by a clear groove, flat. The nostrils are rather large and open. The nose is depressed; when viewed from the side, the forehead and the tip of the lobe are in one line. During the frontal inspection of the eyes and nose are also on the same line.
- The eyes are very intelligent and expressive, rounded, set wide and straight. With a lively shine, moderately convex. The eyelids are tight, dry, completely hide the white of the eye and the third eyelid. Dark brown iris pigmentation.
- In a natural way, the ears are raised at the base of the cartilage, the upper part is thin, hanging down, rounded. The standards allowed both large and medium ears, hanging on the sides and forward. If desired, the owner can stop the ears, but in this case they should be standing.
- The body has a square format, it is preferable that the length of the back from the withers to the croup be equal to the height at the withers. The neck is not heavy and not too long, but strong, it looks harmonious, the dog's head rushes proudly. The shoulders are wide, the withers are moderately raised, the shoulders smoothly pass into the neck. Not too wide chest. The ribs and keel bone are rounded, but it does not create the impression of a barrel-like addition. The back is quite strong, flat to the waist, wide. The croup is strong and wide, the loin is convex, the line of the abdomen is not dry, but taut.
- The limbs are widely spaced, flat, strictly parallel to each other. Elbows pressed against the chest, lowered hock joints. Gait marching and confident. Compact brushes have tightly clenched fingers. The nails are dark in color, like the paw pads.
- The tail is set high, strong. The tip of the tail tends to the back, but it does not bend or touch the body.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that exhibition rules allowed individuals with docked or natural ears and tails. But it is necessary to take into account the fact that society seeks to abandon tough measures in order to improve the exterior, so international judges may have a negative attitude to stopping.
Color and type of wool
For griffons, the so-called tripleness is characteristic, which consists in differences in the type and color of wool:
- Griffon has a semi-long wool, pure red color or with a black mask.
- The Belgian has a semi-long wool, black color or tan.
- Brabant type has short hair of any color, which was given above.
As you have noticed, the differences between the Brussels and the Belgian griffon are only in wool coloring. Both lines have cushions and wavy, wire-like wool.
The length of the coat should be sufficient for creating a shag effect. But too long hair will spoil the visual impression and distort the proportions of the body of the dog, so the exhibition individuals need trimming. In the Brabant griffon, the wool is shorter, it does not exceed 2 cm in length, the wool is resilient, fits tightly to the body and evenly covers it.
Training and character
Griffon breed dogs are very intelligent and have an appealing character. Puppies get along well with lonely people, and in a large noisy family. As a rule, these pets willingly friendly with any other animalswho live with them in the same house. This breed, like many others, has both positive and negative sides. Negative factors include absolute intolerance of loneliness. But true fans of these animals may perceive this trait as positive.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that breed is easy to learn and needs moderate physical exertion. But this does not mean that dogs can be kept at home on a pillow.
These charismatic pets can not be called weak or painful, four-legged friends successfully resist viral diseases and colds. Of course, this statement applies to those animals that are kept in suitable conditions for them. But there are some pathologies in the breed:
- Complications arising from labor.
- Eye problems, representing deformed or extra eyelashes, as well as loss of the eyeball, retinal dystrophy and cataracts.
- Possible deformation of the respiratory tract, which is most often narrow nostrils or too close nose.
I always liked large breed dogs. But for my birthday they gave me a smooth-haired griffon. And such a gift could make me incredible delight. I immediately ran to buy clothes for this baby. Always go out together for a walk on the street smart. Sometimes my baby can be a creepy pig, it climbs on the street constantly to other people, and not everyone likes it. Of the advantages I want to note that these pets do not stink of dog, they are not picky about food, they are easily taught to teams, they are very affectionate. By the way, my little dog quite easily endured a long drive by car. Good friends with a cat who lives with us.
When my husband and I decided to have a dog, we chose between breeds for a long time. They wanted a little, and this requirement was mandatory. The issue was resolved after watching the movie "Sweet November". It was there that we first saw a dog breed of the Brussels Griffon. Outwardly, he always reminded me of a small, bearded gnome. At first glance, the breed simply conquered us with its unusual appearance. It was rather difficult to find a pet, as the breed in Russia is considered rare. But we still did it.
From the very first day the character of the baby was benevolent, optimistic and cheerful. Our pet is very dependent on the person, always tagging along. In addition, he is very clever, literally immediately began to walk in the tray, learned to perform many commands. Now he is 3 years old, he doesn’t bite anything in the house and does not spoil it.
I first met this breed in Italy, when I didn’t know what it was called. Upon arrival home, I found out the name, found a nursery where they are, and soon in our family there was an addition named Gosh. Four years have passed, and in our house he is a full member of the family. Well got along with a 13-year-old cat. But when the cat was gone, the dog really missed him. Constantly surprises us with some new features. I have heard somewhere that their intellect is compared with the intellect of a three-year-old child.
The origin of the breed
In the distant 17th century, the ancestors of these dogs were actively used by peasants to hunt rats, who coped with their duties no worse than cats. Over time, for many reasons, this quality was lost and the Brussels Griffon finally became a decorative dog.
Those old Brussels Griffons were a bit larger than the current ones and had an elongated face. To give them a more noble appearance and to preserve the qualities of these dogs, they were crossed with other breeds. A certain role was played here by pugs, who participated in the formation of the modern Brussels griffin, which we used to see in the hands of wealthy women. Today it is quite a popular breed in Europe, while in Russia, little is known.
Description of the Brussels Griffon
Despite the fact that this is a decorative breed of dogs, they are quite strong and well built. The weight of the Brussels Griffin ranges from 3.5 to 6 kilograms. Height at withers 17-20 centimeters. The coat is very hard, with a red tinge. It scares many, but in vain: to the touch it is very pleasant. The eyes are set wide apart. The head is rather large, the ears are sharp, stick up.
There is a mustache and beard on the face, making them look like evil old men.. The lower jaw is advanced, it gives them an eternally angry and displeased look, but this is a deceptive impression, in fact, the Brussels Griffon is a cute and friendly breed of dogs. This dog will become your faithful companion and true friend.
In general, the Brussels Griffon dog breed has a rather strong immunity, there are practically no characteristic diseases. Some problems with eyes and ears should be mentioned, but this affects the quality of life rather than its duration. With proper care and feeding, these dogs can live from 8 to 12 years, this is the average indicator of life expectancy in pedigreed animals. There were also real long-livers, who fell to 16 years.
Content of the Brussels Griffon at home
A dog of this breed can be kept in a city apartment and a country house, it will be equally comfortable everywhere. A short walk of 20–40 minutes is enough for your Brussels griffin to get the loads it needs. This is not a sofa breed of dogs as it may seem at first glance, they need to run and jump over small obstacles corresponding to their size.
Important! After the walk, the wool must be cleaned, you can use a rough cloth, this will be enough to remove dirt.
In the cold, especially in the fall, when it is damp and wet, you should wear special clothes for the Brussels Griffon. This will help keep the wool clean and protect the animal from hypothermia. In order for your pet not to be bored at home, he needs to have several toys, so the Brussels Griffon will be able to while away the time when left alone, then the furniture and shoes will remain intact.
The Brussels Griffon, although considered a decorative breed dog, is not so difficult to care for. Wool should be combed once in 10-15 days, during molting - once a week. Ears and eyes should be cleaned as needed. Do not forget that the eyes of the Brussels Griffon - a weak point, and if you notice that something is wrong with your pet, contact your veterinarian, this will help to quickly solve the problem, if it arose.
Teeth deserve special attention, they must be cleaned using special pastes. In severe cases, you can resort to the help of a specialist, where you can quickly and safely solve the problem by means of ultrasound. It is possible to bathe the Brussels Griffons once every 3-4 months, more often it is not necessary.
Diet - what to feed the Brussels Griffon
Despite its small size, this cute dog has a great appetite, all thanks to its activity. Overeating does not threaten her, since all the excess goes during active walks. If you are a supporter of ready-made feed, then your pet will be suitable premium feed for small breeds of dogs. From natural food, Brussels Griffons can be given boiled beef, rabbit, chicken - if there is no allergy, various cereals in meat broth. The main thing - to avoid fatty foods, it is not good for even the most healthy dogs.
Diseases, breed defects
It is worth paying special attention to the condition of the eyes, this is a weak point in the Brussels griffons, they are often subject to cataract, conjunctivitis and progressive retinal atrophy. Loss of the eyeball is also a defect of this breed.
Important! In wet and cold weather, they should be worn, as they can be supercooled and forgive.
The teeth of the Brussels Griffon also need to be monitored, they are prone to excessive formation of tartar.
Buy Brussels Griffon - tips, recommendations
Before you decide to buy a puppy, be sure to look at the conditions in which animals are kept. Look at the puppy you like. A healthy baby of the Brussels Griffon should be moderately plump. A sure sign of health is the eyes, they must be clear and clean.
A conscientious breeder not only sells purebred and healthy puppies, but also cares about their future. If he asks you the first time to contact him and talk about the behavior and health of the animal, then it speaks of the breeder from the best side. It would not be superfluous to check for vaccinations and treatment for parasites
Where to buy, what to look for
It is better to buy puppies of such a rare breed as the Brussels griffin from trusted breeders. In this case, you get a healthy, strong and vaccinated puppy. Also, you will always get advice if you have any problems.
It is interesting! When choosing a puppy, you should pay attention to the appearance of both the babies themselves and their parents.
Diligent breeder will not interfere.
The price of dog breeds Brussels Griffon
The Brussels Griffon has become known in Russia since the early 1990s, but it never became a very popular breed. Prices for puppies range from 15,000 to 40,000 rubles. It all depends on the class of the puppy, its gender and color. The Brussels Griffon can be bought for 10,000 rubles, but of course there is no guarantee that this is a healthy animal with a good pedigree.
Griffon dog breed
The griffin dog also gets along well with children and is able to color gray, boring everyday life. It should be noted that this breed was previously used to catch rats and other rodents.
Griffin - a real gift for the whole family, especially for children, will never offend kids and will be almost the main entertainment for them. I also wanted to emphasize the fact that under any circumstances the griffon will not tolerate a bad attitude on the part of a person, the dog is even able to bite in anger, so the kids must be warned not to upset the dog.
There is no doubt that the griffon breed is completely devoid of anger and aggression. Griffons show great, deep respect for their masters. Im extremely need to be constantly in the spotlight, to be surrounded by care, affection and love, they do not accept loneliness. In the environment of other animals griffons tend to be favorites. The owner of this breed of dogs should not overly groom and nurture the animal, otherwise the pet will feel the power and will behave in the dwelling as a full owner, will become self-caring and self-loving.
True obedient friend - companion, wise, prefers to travel. For content in the apartment is flawless, perfect for training, very subdued, oars and playful, malleable, barks quite occasionally exclusively for protection. Demanding to the attention of the owner, prefers long walks in the fresh air, for its size is extremely strong dog. Griffins are very submissive and humble.
- The head of the griffons is round, relatively large relative to the body.
- Teeth - small, closely set.
- The nose is small-sized, dark, thin, divided by an exact groove.
- The eyes are very distinct, clear, wise, round, located at a great distance from each other.
- The body is in square format, it is desirable that the length of the back from the withers to the croup be identical to the rise at the withers.
- Limbs - straight, flat, widely spaced, parallel to each other.
- Gait domineering, solid, victorious.
- The tail of the Brussels Griffon holds fun, high set.
- Wool - Brussels and Belgian Griffons - wire-haired dogs with undercoat. Wool must be a certain length. Very long wool, which darkens the appearance, is highly undesirable.
- Movement: massive, with the highest elevation of the front limbs and are considered shortcomings.
- Brussels Griffon: chestnut-red, a little black color is present on the mustache and beard.
- Belgian Griffon: dark-haired and black - tan. Feather marks are required to be specifically that color. There is a mixture of dark and red, although black or black - tan is more preferable.
Defects - the nature of the evil or too shy.
- Pigmentation on the nose. No matter what other pigmentation, not counting the dark.
- Noticeable tongue with closed mouth.
- Abnormal, crooked lower jaw.
- All sorts of other colors, in addition to those described in the standard are also grayish, blue - tan, brown - tan, liver.
- All sorts of white spots.
- Griffon dog, which demonstrates physical or psychological strangeness, must be removed.
- Weight - not higher than 6 kg.
Breed description Belgian Griffon
The appearance of the dog of this breed is pretty cute. Griffons are low, compactly folded, elegant and elegant. To the liking of this breed of dogs is fearless, brave, although very friendly. The muzzle is round, the eyes are not convex. Small Belgian dog suitable for living in urban housing.
The Belgian griffon is constantly dark or close to black. According to its own structure, its wool is very similar to other animals.
The Belgian Griffon feeds on what is actually provided. They love to eat great, although it does not affect their weight. But do not treat them with various delicacies in large quantities, everything should be a measure. Their diet should consist of natural products. Making up the menu for the griffin, it is necessary to take into account the age and condition of the animal. The energetic dog must be fed with the most nutritious food, and the older dog and the older dog should be fed infrequently and in small portions.
The Belgian Griffon has an excellent state of health and is considered a small long-liver. He lives about 12-15 years.
- Griffon wool must be combed weekly several times. It is recommended to use a brush with wide and strong teeth, it can help to prevent tangle of wool.
- Жесткошёрстным грифонам необходимо впоследствии приёма пищи вытирать бороду, при другом развитии событий собака сделает это самостоятельно, только о предметы, которые её окружают.
- Купают собак этой породы также редко — довольно проводить данную процедуру не чаще, чем раз в полгода. Для купания применяют специальный шампунь, созданный именно для ухода за жёсткой шерстью.
- During the period of swimming to do everything possible to ensure that water does not fall into the eyes and ears.
- Molting in this breed of dogs is weak, therefore, dogs are forced to pluck out once a year. It is advisable to develop a habit for this procedure in a puppy since childhood.
In fact griffin care It brings great pleasure, can anyone really? To make your pet the most remarkable and noticeable of all - it is desirable to purchase clothes for him. They quickly become addicted to decorations. When choosing the decoration the dog needs to be extremely careful so that the clothes do not constrain the movements of the animal, do not rub the skin and be the right size.
Advantages and disadvantages
The greatest advantage of the griffon is his loyalty, sacrifice, diligence, vitality and great optimism. Their calm and composure is a natural quality, exactly like benevolence.
These insightful creatures feel the mood and mental mood of the owner. To the greatest weaknesses can be attributed a painful doubt in loyalty and love. In a similar way, no breed can be jealous of the owner to society. Will be able to scare the baby, although never bites. If the dog is spoiled, it becomes impudent, rude and impudent.
Griffons are not picky about food, so they can be fed with what the whole family eats. It is very important that there is no chicken in the food, which negatively affects the work of the gastrointestinal tract. The griffin does not need to constantly consume a huge amount of meat. On the day, it is enough to absorb 300 grams. meat. It is not recommended to use only dry food in the diet of the animal, it can lead to constipation.
In general, the intestinal tract is considered to be a weak spot of griffons. The griffon stomach is extremely susceptible and badly tolerates feeding. It is strictly forbidden to eat food from the table in the form of sausages, meat products, sweets and other chemicals, which contains a huge amount of preservatives. Regarding water, it must be clean and present in the daily, free access.
Breed standard, appearance and photos
The Brussels Griffons are small dogs with an original appearance and perky character.
Brussels Griffon standards are given in the following table:
The main defects of the breed include:
- white spots on wool
- the size of the upper jaw is too big
- visible tongue with closed jaws,
- tail pathologies (short tail, kinks, twisting),
- weak pigmentation of the nose;
- deviations in physical development,
- mental abnormalities,
- lack of incisors
The following colors are not allowed: liver, brownish tan, bluish tan, gray, black, black and tan.
The main differences from the Belgian griffon
Brussels is a dog-haired dog. The color of the Brussels Griffon is red, with black blotches in the mustache and beard.
Important. A Belgian is a wire-haired dog with a coat of any shade, except red.
The most common colors of the Belgian griffon wool are black with tan and pure black.
Carbs are present in the following locations:
- the inside of the ears,
Attitude to children
Being very active, dogs of this breed do not tolerate obsessions. Therefore, you should not take them to a family with small children. The Brussels Griffons are very sensitive to screams, do not tolerate familiarity. If a child inadvertently hurts a dog, it can bite him.
Griffons also love to be in the spotlight. The dog owner's excessive enthusiasm for the dog unwittingly forms such ugly pet traits as selfishness and exactingness. Therefore, newlyweds planning children should also abandon the Brusselsman in favor of another breed.
Attitude towards other pets
The dog of breed Brussels Griffon gets along well with his relatives, loyal to cats. But if there are rodents in the house, it is undesirable to start a Brusselsman.
Council If you want to have two griffons, then the second dog must be of the opposite sex.
You should not get a Brussels sprout if at home dogs of serious breeds already live, which are characterized by aggressiveness towards their relatives (Central Asian Shepherd Dog, Neastolitan Mastino, etc.)
Features dog training
Brussels is very controversial. Being territorial animals, they can reign supreme at home and at the same time be dependent on the owner.
They can be very annoying. If the owner can not pay attention to them, they are offended and taken to dirty. Preventing this will help timely education.
The Brussels Griffons may get bored if they are not provided with adequate load.
Led by a trainer sensitive to the breed's characteristics, the Brussels Griffon is capable of performing wonders in agility and obedience competitions. Brussels can not be forced to execute the command. Even under the penalty of punishment, he would still prefer to act in his own way. These dogs love to work. But they need to be stimulated.
We can not allow frequent repetitions of the same team during the lesson - this contributes to the generation of uncertainty.
Starting with puppy age, you should train your pet basic set of commands. The owner must ensure that the animal responds instantly to commands.
Important. If the dog does not perform well, the owner must reconsider his approach to training.
It is very important to constantly encourage your pet and show him your affection. Griffons are very responsive. They will execute commands, even on the basis of gratitude for love.
Dogs of this breed are very mobile. Therefore, after class it is recommended to run or play with your pet in outdoor games.
With the Brussels Griffon, you can master agility and successfully perform at competitions.
Proper care is to:
- wool cleaning
- flea treatment.
You need to comb a dog every day. This favors the restoration of coat and skin. It is necessary to clean the wool with a special brush. Do not use hygiene products.
Trimming should be carried out during the molting period. The owner should remove dead hairs. This also contributes to the improvement of the coat. It becomes smooth and soft.
Wool on the face need to pull out. Then the owner must “arm” with scissors and give the desired shape to the mustache and beard of the dog. It is necessary to bathe a dog no more than 1 time / 7 days. Use need shampoo for animals with hard wool.
Flea and worms treatment
The procedure should be carried out 1 time / 30 days. It is advisable to use Frontline and Advantix drops. The tool is applied to places difficult to lick - between the shoulder blades or closer to the neck. After treatment, do not bathe the dog for 10 days.
The Brussels Griffon is periodically treated from external parasites.
Ears and skin care
Particular attention should be paid to the folds on the face. They need daily inspection and cleaning. Otherwise, they will scour and exude an unpleasant smell. In the worst case, bacteria will "settle" there.
Hearing organs are recommended to be cleaned 1 time / 7 days. You should use a cotton pad dipped in warm water or a soothing baby lotion.
Wool around the ears needs careful trimming.
Eyes, teeth and claws
Do not allow discharge from the eyes. When souring it is necessary to daily treat the organs of vision with a tampon soaked in a weak solution of chamomile. It can be alternated with weak brewing of black tea.
Claws need to be cut at least 1 time / 14 days. You should use a special clipper. If the claws are not trimmed, they will begin to prevent the dog from moving. In the worst case, the dog will begin to limp badly.
Regular tooth brushing involves the use of special pastes. Do not allow the emergence of periodontal disease. At the first symptoms of pathology, you must immediately show the griffon to a veterinarian.
Features feeding dogs
Proceeding from the description of the breed, it is clear that you can feed the animal both with natural food and with special feeds. Giving food to an adult dog needs to be twice a day.
For feeding the Brussels Griffon, a special dry food will do.
The number of meals is presented in the plate:
Description of the breed Brussels Griffon
Griffon is a small, amusing dog with a lively mind, he carefully watches what is happening around him and thanks to his vigilance, it is unlikely that he will pass by him unnoticed.
Like other griffons, “Brussels” has a special nose and mustache shape, thanks to which the muzzle of doggies looks like a monkey. But these doggies, in spite of their decorativeness and original appearance, are by no means pampered creatures, in fact, they are hardy, energetic dogs, with strong bones.
Sexual dimorphism can be clearly seen - to distinguish between a dog and a bitch can be visually, although they are not particularly different in dimensions. The standard does not include strict restrictions on the height and body weight of dogs, but still there are preferred sizes. It is desirable that growth ranged from 18 to 20 cm, and weight ranged from 2.7 to 4.5 kg.
Purebred representatives, in accordance with standard data, are described as follows:
- Head - rounded, rather large, with a broad forehead and a sharp transition to the nose and snout. The length of the face does not exceed 1.5 cm, although in short-haired griffons it may look a little longer than it actually is.
- The teeth are not too large, form a dense row, normally the bite should be in the form of a small snack, giving the little dog a bit of a fighting look.
- The nose is compact, black, flat, has a clear separation groove, the nostrils are wide, well open. If you look at the side, the tip of the nose and the forehead are located on the same line, that is, the ear is depressed.
- Eyes - round shape, slightly protruding, widely spaced, with an expressive, rather intelligent look and lively glitter. The eyelids are "dry", fit well, hide the white of the eyes and the third eyelid. The iris is pigmented in a dark brown shade.
- Ears - in a natural form they rise at the base on cartilages, the upper part is thin, hanging down, with a rounded tip. The standard allows for ears of both medium size and large when they hang down along the sides of the muzzle. If the owner wants, the ears can be stopped, but then the ears take a standing position.
- Torso - square, it is desirable that the length of the back and height were the same size.
- The neck is strong, not too long and without gravity, harmonious.
- Withers moderately raised, shoulder girdle wide.
- The sternum is not very wide, dropped to the elbows. The keel and ribs are round, but not barrel-shaped.
- The back is straight, goes into a convex lower back and strong, wide croup, with a sloping area around the hips, and the line of the abdomen is well tucked up, but without dryness.
- Limbs - Straight, wide apart, parallel to each other, with elbows pressed to the chest and drooping hocks. The brush is compact, fingers are tightly compressed, pads and claws are pigmented with dark color.
- Tail - set high, strong at the base, when moving rises high enough, the tip goes to the back, but without bending and does not touch the body.
According to generally accepted rules, individuals with both natural tail and ears, and with cropped ones are allowed to see. But today there is a tendency to reject such procedures, therefore, at international exhibitions, stopping can be perceived negatively.
Personality and Character Features
Of course, each individual is individual, but still the representatives of one breed have a set of common qualities and characteristics. Most of the “Brusselsians” are shy dogs that are not too trusting of strangers, and in the family they choose only one owner to whom they are utterly loyal.
Such a pet is a companion to the bone marrow, it does not endure long loneliness. Left alone, the dog becomes very noisy - in every way it shows anxiety, whines, barks, worries.
Griffons need stability, they are hard to get used to new conditions. When moving the dog can be very stressed, therefore, if the family often changes their place of residence, it is better to consider representatives of more mobile breeds as a pet.
By type of temperament, the Brussels Griffon is a sanguine person; he adores being in the center of attention, frolicking, playing. His curiosity does not allow the dog to pass by something new, be it a bag or a box, he will definitely stick his short nose in them.
You should not see that this is a small dog, he has a strong character with a tendency to dominate. He will certainly try to command, and this applies to both people and other pets.
In the past, Brusselsians played the role of hunters and guards, and some of their qualities remained at the genetic level. For example, a dog may aggressively treat strangers who want to get too close to the owner.
It is not recommended to take a griffon puppy to a family where there are small children. This is due to the fact that such a pet will not tolerate excessive compulsion, careless attitude, it is very sensitive to screams. If the child hurts the dog, albeit through carelessness, it may snap and even bite.
Pet loves to be in the center of attention, and if the owner is overly keen on his four-legged friend, he, without realizing it, nurtures negative traits in him. Dog becomes too demanding and selfish. Therefore, if a young family planning future children wants to have a dog, it is worth choosing a puppy of a different breed.
Brussels gets along well with their relatives, loyal to the cats. But rodents will always be regarded as excellent prey. If a family wants to start a pair of griffons at once, then it is desirable that these be heterosexual individuals, since two males will necessarily compete in trying to take a leading position.
It is not recommended to plant such a dog if the house already has a dog of serious guard or fighting breed - Caucasian Shepherd, Alabai, Mastino, etc. In this case, on the part of larger relatives, aggression is possible.
Territoriality is strongly developed among the Brussels Griffons, so they quickly become accustomed, when alone, give voice at any rustle, notifying the whole neighborhood about it. Such behavior is desirable to correct at puppy age, in order to further avoid serious problems.
Education and training
Training a puppy of a given breed is very interesting and exciting, the kid seeks to learn as much knowledge as possible in a short time. But growing up, the pet begins to “feel” the owner, figuring out what to do and what not. It is important in such situations to show firmness and prove to the pet their leadership position.
It is not recommended to scold a pet during training - he sensitively catches a change of mood, starts to get anxious, ceases to listen. This doggie requires respectful attitude, because he knows his worth.
Griffon does not cost anything in a week to fully master the basic program, which includes such mandatory commands as “come to me!”, “Place!”, “Lie down!” And others. without evading the task.
If the dog does a great job, then after each command there should be a promotion. When training does not give results, it is worth reviewing the methods used and choosing a more effective approach.
For joint work to be effective, it is important that the pet feels the support and love of the owner, he will definitely show reciprocal feelings, trying to please the owner. In such a case, you can teach the dog the most incredible and fun tricks.
The dog is very active, even after intensive exercises, you can offer him a game or a run. In fact, this baby doesn’t need additional work, he can waste energy while running and playing in the house.
How to care for a pet
The hard, thick coat of a dog does not require too troublesome care. Like other hard-haired breeds, they need regular trimming - plucking of dead wool, which is carried out every 3-4 months with the pet salon. In addition, the owner can master this procedure and perform it at home on their own.
Experts also advise that the pet hygienic haircut, cutting off the excess hair from the ears, in the groin area, on the paws and between the fingers.
Bathing a pet is often not recommended, it is washed only as needed. Use detergents suitable for this type of wool. After walking, be sure to wipe the paws with a damp cloth.
Ears and eyes should be inspected regularly and, if necessary, rinsed with a special agent or a moistened cotton pad, removing dirt and preventing the development of infections.
Брюссельские гриффоны склонны к болезням десен, поэтому следует еженедельно чистить любимцу зубы пастой и щеточкой, приобретенными в зоомагазине. К чистке зубов нужно приучать любимца с щенячьего возраста, тогда он будет воспринимать подобную процедуру спокойно и без лишней агрессии.
The dog’s nails must be cut, as if this is not done, there will be a violation of the position of the fingers, and the dog will limp.
Griffons are charismatic and charming, and at the same time they have a fairly strong immunity. They are quite resistant to colds and viral diseases. However, these pets can also become ill, and more often than the others, they are diagnosed with the following pathological conditions:
- complicated childbirth,
- eye diseases - eyelash deformation, loss of an eye from an orbit, development of a cataract,
- deformational changes in the respiratory tract - individuals are often found with an upturned nose or narrowed nostrils.
When purchasing a puppy, the future owner is recommended to make sure that the baby does not inherit inherited pathologies. Usually their presence is detected by 3 months of age.
Mode and diet feeding
Griffons have an excellent appetite, but canine experts advise to feed such a pet ready dry rations, whose composition is well balanced. It should be a high quality product suitable for active miniature rocks.
You can not overfeed pet, during training, snacks should be used as little as possible. On the bearded muzzle can accumulate pieces of food, so after feeding you should wipe it with a damp cloth.
As soon as the dog has eaten, the bowl should be removed immediately, since the “insatiable” pet can constantly poke into it, showing everyone with a view that he is incredibly “hungry,” in addition, provoking a real feeling of hunger.
Choosing and buying a puppy
Unfortunately, the Brussels Griffons are a rare breed, so finding a suitable nursery can be difficult. Yes, there are private breeders, but among them it is worth considering only those who are serious about breeding and follow all the rules.
When choosing, it is advisable to look not only at the baby, but also to assess the exterior of the parents. It is important to look at the pedigrees to learn about the existing diseases. Diligent breeders have nothing to hide, and they are sympathetic to such requests.
The cost of puppies, depending on the class, varies from 15,000 to 40,000 rubles. The offspring may have a lower price without a pedigree or with certain deviations.
The Brussels Griffon is a peculiar doggie of modest dimensions with a special character. Not everyone is suitable for such a pet, so it is advisable to find out all the details about the breed before the baby crosses the threshold of the house.