Bilbergia - flowers of the Bromeliad family growing in Brazil and other countries of the tropical belt of America. For home growing growers choose bilbergia drooping - it combines unpretentiousness and beauty.
Bilbergia (lat Billbergia) grows well in room conditions, enduring high temperatures, but requires regular spraying and moistening of the earthy clod. The plant is named after the Swedish botanist Gustav Bilberg, who lived at the turn of the XVIII-XIX centuries.
Grow a drooping bilbergia (lat Billbergia Nutans) at home is worth in order to admire the flowering plants from October to March. Agree, it's nice to enjoy the exquisite beauty of tropical flowers in the midst of winter.
Bilbergia flowers grow on beautifully curved flower stems. Thick ultramarine coloration of flowers is accompanied by large pink or red bracts.
Where to plant bilbergia?
Like other tropical plants, bilbergia is demanding on the soil. The soil in the pot should be loose, peat-leaf, with the addition of moss fibers and coarse river sand.
A bilbergia pot should be of medium size: too large and too small containers are contraindicated. The fact is that the plant must have time to "drink" water before it turns sour in the soil. The soil should have time to dry between watering.
The recommended pot size for an adult plant is 25-30 cm. To facilitate transplantation, choose pots that have a top diameter larger than the bottom diameter by 3-5 cm.
A mixture of peat, leaf soil, moss and humus should have a pH of 5.0-5.3. The optimal value of pH (pH) is a guarantee of successful bilberg growing. Both acidic and alkaline soils are contraindicated for all bromeliads.
If it is not possible to make a mixture of your own, it is recommended to buy soil mixture for orchids or aroid plants.
Care for drooping bilbergia is simple - it is enough to provide coverage of average brightness and temperature within + 18-23 ° C. Bilbergia grows well both in the depths of the room and on the windowsill. It should be remembered that you can enjoy the beauty of the plant only with sufficient light, and bilbergia will be easier to adapt.
Too bright light is bad for bilbergia, as it can cause leaf burns, so you should not grow a plant on the southern window-sill.
Bilbergia blooms in winter, so you should not cool the room where it grows, below + 12 ° C. In summer, bilbergia can be taken out to the garden or to the balcony - it will perfectly fit into the design of any garden and will respond well to the summer “move” to the open ground.
Fresh air contributes to the growth of bilbergia, and the green foliage will be much richer than with year-round content in the room. The main thing is that a strong wind and torrential rains do not damage bilbergia during bad weather.
Watered bilbergia is abundant, with warm water. Ideally, the temperature of the water should be equal to the temperature of the air surrounding the bilbergia. There should be enough time between waterings for the soil in the pot to dry out.
Experienced growers recommend watering bilbergia so that the water is in the leaf funnel and never dries out. It is the drying of the water in the funnel should indicate the need for watering.
When watering "in the funnel" there is one condition: if bilbergia grows in a cool room, then in order to avoid stagnation of moisture and decay of the plant, it is recommended to change the watering in the funnel with regular watering.
In winter, even in spite of the abundant flowering of bilbergia, you should not water it too often. The frequency of watering should be adjusted with the rate of drying of the soil in the pot.
Spraying bilbergia with indoor content done daily, but be sure to soft water! The plant responds well to leaf hydration. In addition, regular hydration helps to protect bilbergia from pests: thrips, worms and spider mites.
If the pests still appear, then fix the problem in the usual way: washing the plant with water and soapy water.
How to feed bilberg
Bromeliad plants are sensitive to fertilizing and need them all year round. The frequency of dressings depends on the stage of plant growth: in the summer they are fed more often than in winter. When bilbergia is actively growing, feeding is required every two weeks.
I recommend to buy special fertilizers intended for bromelias - an excess of nitrogen can ruin your bilbergia, so universal fertilizers are not suitable for top dressing. If it is not possible to buy fertilizer for bromeliads, feed bilbergia with fertilizers intended for orchids or aroid plants.
How to prune bilbergia
Bilbergia needs regular pruning - pruning rejuvenates the plant, eliminating old shoots that prevent the growth of new outlets. Faded flowers should be cut manually, one month after flowering.
Pruning bilbergia increases the attractiveness of the plant, so every month you need to find time to remove old shoots with sharp scissors or shears.
When and how to transplant
The need for bilbergia transplantation can be determined by the roots coming out of the drainage holes of the pot - they saw sticking roots, start the transplant.
Planned bilbergia transplantation is done in the summer, during the period of active growth of the plant. In winter, you can repot if you need an emergency transplant.
A new bilberg pot should be 2-3 cm longer than the old one. As I wrote above, the pot should be rather wide than deep.
When transplanting, make sure that there is no rot and fungal formations on the roots. But one should not clean the roots from the ground on purpose - if there are problems, they will be on the surface.
Frequent problems and causes of problems
Bilbergia is an unpretentious plant, but flower growers sometimes face problems that already have an explanation:
- Bilbergia does not bloom, and the sockets die off without flowering when the soil becomes wetted,
- Water stagnation in the funnel or watering with hard water is the cause drying the tips of the leaves have bilbergia.
- Excessive light causes brown spots on the leaves
- Lack of light is the cause breaking up sockets,
Bilbergia is propagated by delenki in order to quickly and without problems get a plant similar to the parent plant. To do this, the adult bush is divided into two or three parts and planted in separate containers.
Large delenki take root faster than small ones, therefore, it is recommended to avoid small delenok.
If it is not possible to propagate by delenki, use a vegetative propagation method - green cuttings. Bilbergia grown from cuttings blooms in a few years.
Green cuttings are rooted in the usual way - under the film in the greenhouse.
Despite its exotic origins, it is a rather unpretentious plant. Bilbergia is quite hardy and adapts well in temperate climates. The flower is almost not subject to diseases.
For bilbergia, home care presupposes a comfortable temperature, the use of fertilizing, regular watering. Like any other plant, it requires proper care, otherwise dies.
Temperature and humidity
With proper care at home, bilbergia gives a beautiful abundant flowering. An important requirement is the absence of sudden changes in temperature. A quick change in temperature of more than 12 to 14 degrees causes a state of shock: the leaves wither, twist and fall.
Comfortable is considered the temperature of 17 - 22 degrees. And at lower (14 - 15 degrees) the plant will begin to bloom faster. But with a constant maintenance of the flower in the cold or draft there is a risk of weakening the immunity, which leads to various diseases and even death. Also, do not raise the temperature to 26 degrees: in case of insufficient watering, the plant will quickly die from drought.
When growing bilbergia at home, it is necessary to take into account all the nuances. The advantage of this plant is that it adapts well to low light, although it is considered quite light-loving. But even if the windows are located on the north side and in the house of twilight, bilbergia calmly transfers it.
But the most favorable for this flower is diffused natural sunlight. When the rays of the sun hit it, the leaves take on a beautiful rich shade. In the summer on sunny days the plant should be carried out into the air. This will help accelerate the formation of young rosettes in varieties that bloom in summer. But you need to ensure that the flower is not for a long time under direct rays - burns may appear on the leaves.
Watering and spraying
With proper care at home bilbergia watering is required regular. Then the plant feels great and blooms beautifully. High soil moisture, like drought, is highly undesirable. In this case, a medium moisture soil is required. Watering should be carried out no more than 1 time in 5 - 6 days, but on condition that the top layer of the soil dries out no less than 3 to 4 cm.
It is advisable to use root irrigation with spraying: in the summer in a drought, you should spray the flower up to 5 times a day. In winter, watering should be at least 1 time in 10 days. This is an effective home care. Regular watering bilbergia provides high-quality flowering.
If there is excess water in the pan, it is drained: otherwise the roots will rot. During flowering, the top of the soil should be covered with moss or moist claydite: this will help retain moisture in the soil, eliminate evaporation and saturate the plant with moisture in sufficient quantities. During the period of watering and spraying you should not allow stagnation of water in the funnel-shaped leaves of the plant - otherwise the flower will "catch a cold" with a draft or a cold air temperature.
When growing flower bilbergia care at home is to use fertilizers. But they are needed only during the growing season.
Top dressing is performed using special soluble fertilizers that are intended for bromeliad species. Suitable and standard fertilizer - 1 dose is reduced by 2 times. Make it should be 1 time in 15 - 20 days, the total feeding period is 2 - 2.5 months. Regular fertilizer provides health and beautiful flowering.
Other care features should be mentioned. Bilberg does not need to be replanted regularly: they only do this when the flower grows, moving it into a larger pot. Choose not too deep, but wide pots or pots.
A substrate of a mixture of humus, river sand, leaf peat and soil (in equal proportions) is lined to the bottom of the new tank. Prepared soil should be moistened, after which you can repot the plant.
The plant develops with the constant replacement of withered rosettes. Old outlets should be cut off manually 4 - 6 weeks after completion of flowering. They not only spoil the attractiveness of the flower, but also hinder the growth of young shoots, "kids."
Good flower development ensures proper care at home. Bilbergia breeding occurs from seed. This is a troublesome way. You will need fresh, not dried seeds. They should be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and a little dry. Then prepare the containers, they put a mixture of wet river sand and peat (1: 1).
Finished seeds need to be planted in a moist soil (they are pressed into a depth of 1 cm with a finger). Top boxes should be covered with glass or a transparent bag to ensure the greenhouse effect. Such greenhouses are installed in a darkened warm place (temperature not lower than 24 degrees) for 5-6 weeks before the formation of the first shoots.
It is necessary to control the humidity and prevent the soil from drying out: a bag or glass should be regularly removed and high-quality spraying of the soil should be carried out. Seed propagation is rarely performed. If a mistake is made, then nothing will grow.
Dilution by lateral processes
With proper care, the bilbergia houseplant will be a wonderful interior decoration. If you want to increase their number, it is not necessary to buy new plants in the store. You can breed them yourself.
In addition to seeds, you can root lateral processes. The main plant is divided into several parts, the side processes are deposited in another pot. This method is more reliable, the processes are better accepted. From one flower it turns out several new ones.
Then the “babies” with the roots are transplanted into small pots with moist soil and put in a well-lit place (young shoots need a sufficient amount of light). Young plant blooms 2 years after planting.
This method is called "division" - the main flower is divided into parts. It is desirable to take a leaf stalk large, not less than 20 cm: this leaf will have a lot of strength and energy for normal development. The stalk should be rooted in moist soil (a mixture of peat and coarse sand in a 1: 1 ratio).
To do this, it should be planted in a small pot with soil. The container is covered with a transparent bag, it is removed after 5 hours. Then the cutting is moved to a warm (at least 24 degrees) place with good lighting. If you maintain the desired level of humidity (spray every 3 - 4 days), then within a month the first roots will appear.
Pests and diseases
It is worth mentioning about other features of home care. Bilbergia will develop well if the issue of combating diseases and pests is kept under control.
Of the pests, the appearance is likely:
- spider mite,
It is difficult to prevent the appearance of parasites, but it is possible to eliminate them in a short time. The affected areas on the leaves are treated with a cotton swab moistened with soapy water (10 g of soap is dissolved in 1 liter of water) - the entire sheet should be wiped for disinfection.
If the flower is affected by parasites in small quantities, then usually this is enough for the retreat of pests. If the invasion is massive, use an insecticide: dilute "Actellic" or "Malophos" in water (15-20 drops per 1 liter) and spray the plant.
If there is a fungus on the leaves, the affected leaves are immediately removed so as not to infect the neighboring healthy ones. For the purpose of prophylaxis, healthy leaves are treated with soap solution.
Despite good immunity, these plants are also susceptible to various diseases. The most common include the following:
- Brown spots. They are the result of burns due to direct sunlight. In this case, bilberg should be sprayed with warm water and transferred to a cool place (temperature fluctuations should not be more than 5 - 6 degrees).
- The tips of the leaves darken. This indicates the presence of water in the twisted fibers of the leaves. It is necessary to use softer water, and after spraying wipe off the excess moisture with a soft material.
- Wilted leaves and slow growth. This phenomenon indicates a lack of sunlight: you need to move the plant to a well-lit place, it is best to open air (in summer) or use additional artificial lighting (in winter).
- Decay. From this disease, the plant may die. Need urgent transfer to a new tank with an optimal primer.
To prevent diseases, you need to carefully inspect the flower every week: check the uniformity of leaf color and the presence of pests. It is also necessary to remove dry sheets, fertilize and monitor the soil moisture.
The rotting or drying of the rosette of a plant after flowering is considered a natural process. This is not a signal of illness, so do not worry about it.
Why is there no bloom?
The main reason for the lack of flowering is considered a lack of moisture and lighting. Due to regular spraying in the summer and keeping in diffused light, there are usually no difficulties with flowering. But bilbergia may not bloom anyway, then another method is used: a cut apple is put into the ground, and a thin transparent bag is put on the plant.
The greenhouse effect leads to the release of ethylene by the apple, a component that accelerates flowering of these plants. To stimulate flowering, they often resort to propagation by cutting method: a new flower will be pleased with a beautiful view in a year and a half.
The next reason for the lack of flowering is considered to be inadequate mineralization of the soil. In this case, you will need to transplant plants to another container with the replacement of the soil. Subject to the above conditions required bilbergia, it will delight in regular flowering for many years.
Air temperature humidity and lighting
Compared with other plants of the Bromeliad family, bilbergia is less whimsical in caring. It is easier to perceive the dryness of the air, it is able to withstand the air temperature of + 2-3 ° C, small drafts will not destroy it, but you should not abuse it. Прекрасно растет в оранжереях, террариумах.
Освещение необходимо яркое, рассеянное. На южных окнах в полдень притеняйте от попадания прямых солнечных лучей – достаточно прикрыть окно полупрозрачной бумагой. При размещении на северном окне может не цвести. The best place will be the windows of western and eastern orientation.
For the whole summer can be placed in the fresh air, protecting from direct sunlight or precipitation.
The optimum air temperature in the summer season is a range of 20-28 ° C. By the fall lower to 18 ° С. In the period of rest (October-February), the air-conditioned forms with green leaves are about 15-17 ° C, variegated plants - 17-18 ° C. Cool wintering stimulates flowering.
Watering and spraying
In the summertime, moisten the substrate regularly, avoid waterlogging. You can use bottom watering or pour water into leaf funnels, but the air temperature should be above 20 ° C, and the water should not stagnate. Prolonged stagnation of water in combination with low air temperature leads to rotting or even death of the plant.
In the epiphytic mode of cultivation (placement on a bromeliad tree), once every 10 days, the plant should be removed from the support and immersed to saturate in settled water. Allow excess water to drain, then return the bilbergia in place.
In autumn and winter, when the air temperature is below 20 ° C, water moderately, allowing the top layer of the soil to dry out. If the air temperature is above 20 ° C, a small amount of warm water can occasionally be poured into the leaf funnel.
Bilbergia is capable of carrying dry air, but it is better to keep the air humidity high. Spray a couple of times a day, periodically placed on a pallet with wet clay, moss, pebbles. It is better not to spray during the flowering period - drops of water falling on the inflorescences may remain stained.
During the period of active growth every 2 weeks, apply special fertilizers intended for bromeliad or fertilizers for ornamental flowering houseplants in half concentration. Do not allow excess nitrogen.
Flowering species must be replanted annually after flowering, the rest - as needed.
It grows well in hydroponics. It is best to grow in a special substrate for bromeliyevs. There will be a suitable earth mixture: mix in equal proportions sod, leaf, humus soil, peat, add a little sand. You can mix chopped moss, leaf soil, peat, sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1.
Use a wide, but not deep pot. After planting, it is necessary to water moderately for 2-3 weeks and postpone fertilization.
Why bilbergia does not bloom at home
How to make bilbergia bloom? If you propagated bilbergia, but young plants stubbornly do not bloom, then one or several care mistakes were made:
- Plants do not have enough light, you need to light them up or place them on sunny windows with diffused light.
- When transplanting the wrong pot is chosen, it is too spacious. We'll have to wait until the plant grows, it becomes cramped, and this will provoke flowering.
- Insufficient watering. The plant has little moisture. In the summer you need to frequently and abundantly water, fill the outlet with water.
- Plant lacks nutrients. Need to timely feed complex fertilizers for bromelium.
- Bilbergia blooms in spring, but after a well-organized wintering: with a decrease in air temperature to 18 ° C and a reduction in watering. If the plant has been warm all winter, it will not bloom.
Growing bilbergia from seed
Bilbergia seeds photo
Perhaps seed and vegetative reproduction.
- Seeds are best sown immediately after harvest.
- Pre-rinse them with low-manganese solution and dry.
- Sow in boxes with peat-sand mixture or crushed sphagnum.
- Cover crops with a film, place in a shaded place, ensure air temperature at 21-25 ° C.
- Maintain humidity in the greenhouse, do not forget to air.
- Expect shoots should be 1-1.5 months.
Bilbergia seed from seedling photos
- Do not remove the shelter immediately, accustom to dry air gradually.
- When 2-3 leaves are formed, you should be seated in separate containers and look after both adult plants. The first feeding can be done 2 weeks after transplantation.
Reproduction leaf cuttings
Can be propagated by leaf cuttings at least 20 cm long.
- Root them in the soil for adult plants with the addition of coarse sand.
- Cover the cutting with a plastic cap, can, bag.
- Maintain the air temperature at 22-26 ° С, use the lower heating.
- Illumination is necessary bright, but without hit of direct sunshine.
- Maintain a constant soil moisture: do not overdry or overwet, aerate the greenhouse.
- The roots will appear in about a month.
Pests, diseases, care mistakes
Bilbergia has good immunity, diseases and pests are not often affected.
Shchitovka, aphid, mealybug, spider mite can occasionally appear on the plant. They settle on both sides of the leaf plate, suck out the juice, because of which the leaves turn yellow, the growth rate slows down. Moisten a cotton pad or sponge with soapy water and wipe the leaves. If necessary, treat with insecticide.
Aphid leaves secretions on which soot fungus can appear - remove the affected parts of the plant, process it with a fungicide.
Deficiencies in care contribute to the deterioration of the appearance of the plant:
- Sunburns on the leaves appear brown spots.
- If you water hard water or the water in the funnels will stagnate - the tips of the leaves will turn brown.
- Due to lack of lighting, the leaves will lose elasticity and will slowly grow.
- Waterlogging can cause plant rot, often resulting in death. An emergency transplant can help.
The death of the rosette (rotting, drying) after flowering is a natural process.
Bilbergia pyramidal billbergia pyramidalis
Bilbergia Pyramid Billbergia pyramidalis photo
Ground plant. An elongated funnel-shaped rosette consists of a small amount of leaves. They are broadly linear, the tops are pointed, the length is 60-80 cm, the width is 5-6 cm, they are painted in bright green color, and the leaves are dark red in color. Flowering begins in mid-spring and lasts until mid-summer. Voronkovye corollas are collected in the pyramidal brush. The stamens are yellow, the petals have a fiery red color.
Bilbergia gorgeous Billbergia magnifica
Bilbergia gorgeous Billbergia magnifica photo
Bright epiphyte. Leaf rosette rare, consists of linear leaves with a pointed tip, the edges are covered with spikes. The length of the sheet is about 70 cm, width - 6-8 cm. They are painted in bluish-green color with transverse stripes on the outer side. It blooms all summer. Loose inflorescence, drooping, consists of large oval-shaped buds, the petals can twist in a spiral, the Anthers and the top of the corolla have a bluish tint, the rest is pink.
Bilbergia drooping, drooping or tears of the queen Billbergia nutans
Bilbergia drooping billbergia nutans care at home
Numerous narrow leaves form a thick leaf rosette, an epiphytic plant. Sheet plates are stretched to 60-70 cm, their width is only 1-2 cm. The edges are covered with spikes. The leaves are mostly green, but under intense light they become reddish, bronze. Rosaceae leaves are pink. Peduncle drooping. It blooms all winter.
Bilbergia green color Billbergia viridiflora
Bilbergia green color Billbergia viridiflora photo
Epiphytic bilbergia. Linear leaves with pointed ends and serrate edges form a very thick rosette. Leaf length is 60-70 cm, width - 5-6 cm. The leaves are bright green, the flowers are also painted green. Flowering lasts all spring and summer.
Bilbergia zebra billbergia zebrina
Bilbergia zebra Billbergia zebrina photo
Under the influence of bright light sheet plates become purple-bronze with transverse silver stripes. Prisotsvetnye leaves and flowering stem have a bright pink color, the rims are going into loose racemes. It blooms in June and July.
Bilbergia Sanders Billbergia Saundersii
Bilbergia Sanders Billbergia Saundersii photo
The plant is about 30 cm high. The upper part of the leaf plates has a green-bronze color, the bottom is brown-red, mottles can be present, strips of yellow-pink color.
The benefits of bilbergia, omens and superstitions about the flower
Bilbergia leaves emit volatile substances that have a phytoncidal effect: purify the air from harmful microorganisms.
The energy of the plant is able to absorb the negative, create an atmosphere of comfort, comfort. Bilberg is recommended to grow restless people, as well as those who forget important information. The aura of the plant contributes to the development of logic, vitality of thinking, stimulates the search for new knowledge. Bilbergia feng shui - a symbol of life wisdom, spirituality.
Bilbergia is a member of the Bromeliad family - plants that predominantly inhabit the tropics and subtropical zones of West Africa. This family has more than 2,000 plant species, characterized by thick, fleshy leaves and a well-developed root system.
Among the varieties of bilbergia are found:
- green: different dark green straight leaves with gray scales. Homeland - Southern Mexico,
- gorgeous: has upright rigid large leaves. Blooms in small blue flowers. Originally from southeastern Brazil,
- ribbon: A characteristic feature of this variety is brightly colored leaves of various shades and large blue flowers. Country of origin - Central America
- zebra: has a silver-bronze color of leaves and bright pink flowers. Originally from Guatemala and Honduras,
- pyramid: It is distinguished by upright twisted leaves and small flowers. Homeland - Venezuela.
The bilbergia which is drooping (drooping) is not an ordinary plant: with Bromeliads it is related only by the strong, fleshy structure of the leaf. In all other respects, the “Tear of the Queen” rather resembles epiphytes - parasitic plants with long, bright inflorescences.
Unlike other Bromeliads, the plant has long leaves that are narrowed to the apex - outwardly they are similar to cereals. The leaf itself is covered with small roughness or scales, and along the edge there is a series of pointed teeth. It is noteworthy that the bilbergia stem does not - the leaves grow directly from the root.
A characteristic feature of the flower is the ability to change the color of the leaves, depending on the lighting - in the dark they are dark, rich green in color, and cast a pink-bronze tint in the light. This perennial evergreen plant blooms with bright, pink-scarlet buds that set off yellow-green panicles. The flowers are collected in twisted, spiraling drooping ears - this feature and determined the name of the plant. The flowering time of bilbergia is caused by the winter, therefore it looks especially beautiful against the background of traditional plants that bloom in summer.
However, among this plant there are such species that bloom only in summer - for example, green and pyramidal bilbergia. Flower fruit - berries. The plant reaches a height of 60 cm, and the peduncle itself can grow up to 80 cm.
Video: content and care for bilberg
Bilbergia, despite its exotic origin, is unpretentious and undemanding plant - it perfectly adapts to a temperate climate. It is characterized by stamina and good health - this flower is rarely exposed to disease.
However, the plant needs a comfortable temperature regime, fertilizing and appropriate watering - delayed or poor quality care can lead to death.
Air temperature and humidity
The basic rule of optimal temperature is to prevent sudden changes in temperature. A quick change in temperature of more than 12–14 ° C causes a state of shock: the leaves wither, curl heavily and may fall off. Bilbergia feels most comfortable at a temperature of 17–22 ° C, and at a lower temperature (14–15 ° C), the plant blooms faster.
However, if you constantly keep the flower in the cold or in a draft, you can greatly weaken the immune system of the plant, and this potentially threatens the emergence of diseases. It is also not recommended to exceed the temperature above 26-28 ° C: with insufficient watering, bilbergia can easily die in the heat.
The great advantage of bilbergia is the ability to adapt to insufficient and poor light, despite the fact that the flower is by nature very light-loving. But even if your windows face the north side, and the twilight reigns in the house most of the day, the plant will quietly tolerate such a lack of light. However, it is better to provide the flower with diffused natural sunlight: when bilbergia is bathed in sunshine, its leaves become more saturated. On summer sunny days, you can take the flower to the open air: this will accelerate the formation of young rosettes in those species that bloom in summer. It is important to ensure that the flower is not located for a long time under direct sunlight.
There are several ways to propagate bilbergia: each has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The most troublesome method of breeding a flower. For this method, best suited fresh, not dried seeds. The collected seeds are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and lightly dried. Then special containers are prepared: a mixture of wet river sand and peat is placed in them.
Prepared seeds are planted in moist soil (they need to be pressed to a depth of 1 cm). Top boxes are covered with glass or a transparent bag to achieve the greenhouse effect. These small greenhouses are put in a darkened warm place (with a temperature of at least 24 ° C) for 5-6 weeks - until the first shoots appear.
It is very important to constantly maintain the humidity and prevent the soil from drying out: for this, the bag or glass should be periodically removed and a good spraying of the soil should be carried out. Propagation of bilgieria with the help of seeds is extremely rare - if you make a mistake at any stage of such reproduction, you will not be able to grow a flower, you have to wait another year until the next flowering of the plant.
A great way to get a full-fledged large plant without a long wait. In fact, the main plant is simply divided: the side processes (they are also called “kids”) are simply deposited in another container. This method is convenient in that a sufficiently large amount of such planting material is formed in bilbergia, and more than ten new ones can be obtained from one flower.
"Babes" together with the roots are transplanted into small pots with prepared moist soil (it is important to provide the young shoots with a sufficient amount of sunlight). Young bilbergia can bloom only 2 years after planting.
Pests, diseases and control measures
Despite the fact that bilbergia is a fairly strong plant with good immunity, it is not immune from the attacks of various parasites.
The main pests of the flower are:
- spider mite,
To prevent the emergence of these parasites is almost impossible, however, to save the plant from pests in the shortest possible time - the duty of each grower. The affected areas of the sheet are treated with a cotton swab, which is wetted in a soap solution - they need to thoroughly wipe the entire surface of the sheet for disinfection.
If bilbergia is affected by parasites in a small amount, then usually this measure is enough for the pests to retreat. If the invasion of parasites is more widespread, it is necessary to resort to the help of an insecticide: dilute Actellic or Carbofoss in water (15–20 drops per liter) and carefully spray the whole plant with this medicine.
If a fungus appears on the leaves (this often happens after the aphid invasion), the affected leaves should be removed completely, and for the uninfected to be treated with a soap solution.
Among the most common diseases of bilbergia are the following:
- The appearance of brown spots. Most often this is the result of sunburn - in this case, the plant should be urgently removed from under direct sunlight, spray with warm water and placed in a cooler place (the temperature difference in this case should not be more than 5-6 ° C!)
- Darkening of the tips of the leaf (the ends become brown or brown). This is a signal that water stagnates in the twisted funnels of the paper, or that it is watered with too hard water: use softer water, and after spraying, wipe excess moisture from the leaves with a soft cloth.
- Wilting leaves, slow growth. Speaks about the lack of sunlight: move the plant to the open air (in summer) or use additional artificial lighting (in winter).
- Plant rotting. Serious illness that threatens to kill bilbergia. In this case, an urgent emergency transfer to a new pot with optimal soil is necessary (the moisture content of the new substrate should not exceed 50%).
Во избежание запущения болезни, тщательно осматривайте цветок каждую неделю: проверяйте упругость и однородность окраски листа, удаляйте при необходимости сухие листочки, не забывайте вносить удобрения и контролируйте уровень влажности грунта.
Бильбергия – описание
Бильбергии – эпифиты, то есть растения, живущие на деревьях. У них ремневидные широкие листья, образующие розетку, в которой в естественных условиях собирается вода. On the leaves of some bilbergia, you can see grayish chalk spots, and the leaf plates of other species become pink in too bright light. From the center of the leaf rosette, floral arrows grow, bearing drooping inflorescences, in which pink or red bracts attract more attention than ordinary-looking flowers. Bilbergia bloom occurs mainly in winter. Bright bracts remain decorative for several months.
How to grow bilbergia.
Bilbergia easily adapts to almost any conditions, but if you want to see it in better shape, take pains to create conditions close to natural for it.
Bilbergia flower develops equally well both on illuminated window sills and in the depths of the room, so it is often used to decorate the interior and create flower arrangements. However, in bright light and in partial shade, it still blooms brighter.
As for the temperature, then the plant will be comfortable in the usual human conditions, if only the room was not cooler than 12 C. But during the flowering period, it is desirable to lower the temperature by 2-3 degrees.
The warm season bilbergia will happily spend outdoors in the open air, therefore, as soon as warm weather is established and the threat of return frost is over, the plant can be arranged in the garden, on the balcony or on the terrace, where it will soon begin to grow young rosettes. The main thing is to protect the indoor bilberg from drafts, sharp gusts of wind, direct midday rays and precipitation.
Bilbergia develops, replacing faded outlets with newly formed so that you need to manually cut off old outlets 4-5 weeks after flowering is completed, so that they do not slow down the development of young promising children.
Watering and feeding bilbergia.
Soil in a pot with bilbergia should be kept in a slightly damp state, avoiding stagnant water in the roots. Between two irrigations, the substrate in the pot should dry to a depth of 2-3 cm. Bilbergia is moistened using the method used for all bromelias: the separated room temperature water or the water passed through the filter should be poured into the center of the leaf funnel.
The complexity of such irrigation is that then you need to constantly monitor the water level in the funnel and promptly drain the surplus. In addition, if the plant is kept in cool conditions, wetting by this method is excluded, it is also impossible to pour water into the outlet when the flower is at rest. In these cases, you should simply moisten the soil in the pot.
In winter, when the day is reduced, and the temperature of the content decreases, watering of bilberg is carried out no more than once a week.
Bilbergia at home needs high humidity, so it will gratefully treat spraying the leaves with cold cold water, especially when the temperature in the room is above 23 C. During flowering bilbergia can be placed on a pallet with wet pebbles, wet moss or expanded clay. These measures to increase the humidity of the air are usually quite sufficient.
Fertilize the substrate in a pot of bilbergia not only during the period of active growing season, but also during the rest period, because the plant loves stable conditions of maintenance. From the beginning of the growing season until the end of flowering, bilbergia is fed twice a month with special mineral complexes for bromeliads. In the rest period, it is enough to feed once every 5-6 weeks.
Can be used for fertilizing bilbergia and fertilizer for flowering houseplants, but the concentration of this solution should be two times weaker than indicated in the instructions.
Too high content in the substrate of nitrogen can cause the death of epiphyte, therefore, complexes with a standard proportion of elements can not be used to feed bilbergia.
Transplantation and reproduction of bilbergia.
Bilbergia transplantation is carried out as needed, and it is combined with plant reproduction by the daughter rosettes: the active growth of the flower requires regular planting of the children. As soon as the young rosettes become too crowded in the pot, and the roots of bilbergia will start to crawl out of the drainage holes, It is necessary to separate the children from the mother plant and set aside. Do it from March to August.
Capacities for bilbergia should be chosen larger, since the plant is actively growing: the pots should not be so much deep as they should be wide. New pot take on 2-3 cm in diameter more than the old. Substrate bilbergia composition requires a rather specific: with a rough texture, containing only a small amount of sod land and having a pH of close to 5.0 pH. Bilbergia grows well in a mixture of equal parts of leafy ground, moss, humus and top peat.
When transplanting is not necessary to completely clean the roots of the plant from the old substrate. Just inspect them, and if they look healthy, transplant the plant into a new pot, filling the remaining space with fresh substrate. If the roots have rotten areas, first cut them with a sharp sterile instrument, process the cuts with coal powder and only then plant a flower in a new dish.
Bilbergia diseases and their treatment.
From stagnation of water in the leaf funnel or in the roots of bilbergia can rot. It is necessary all the time to monitor the level of water in the outlet and drain its surplus, otherwise the plant may die.
Sometimes on the leaves of bilbergia, growing on the window sill under the rays of the sun, brown spots appear - sunburns. You must immediately move the flower to a safe place or shade it from direct rays with a light curtain or gauze. From lack of light bilbergia rosette is falling apart. The brown tips of the leaves are a consequence of watering the epiphyte with hard water or stagnation in a funnel of water.
If after the completion of flowering the rosette of the flower rots and dies, there is no cause for concern: This is a natural process that completes the life cycle.
Bilbergia pests and control.
Of the pests bilbergia can attack spider mites, mealybugs, scutes, and thrips. In order to prevent the growth of pests and the death of plants from them, one should regularly inspect the leaves of bilbergia, especially from the lower side, on which these sucking parasites are usually arranged.
When pests are detected, the plant is treated with insecticidal preparations, but beforehand the worms and insects should be removed from the leaves with a cotton swab dipped in soapy water or in alcohol. Spider mites are destroyed not by insecticides, but by acaricidal solutions. Akkarin, Aktara, Aktellik and Fitoverm have proved themselves to be successful in the fight against all these parasites.
Bilbergia is gorgeous (Billbergia magnifica)
- a plant from the south-eastern regions of Brazil, forming a rare elongated rosette of large, hard, narrow, prickly along the edge of the leaves with a length of 70 and a width of about 8 cm with a pointed tip. The leaves are painted in a gray-green color and covered with transverse light stripes. The drooping peduncle of this species, about 30 cm high, bears a fleshy inflorescence up to 30 cm long from flowers with spiral-shaped blue petals covered with large pink bracts.
Bilbergia Sanders (Billbergia saundersii)
- a small epiphytic plant with a narrow rosette of spiky-covered leaves, painted green on top with a bronze tint, while the bottom leaves are red, painted with an intricate pattern of spots, stripes and pinkish-yellow dots. Covered with broadly lanceolate leaves, the falling peduncle bears a yellow-green-blue inflorescence.
Bilbergia pyramid (Billbergia pyramidalis)
comes from the tropics and subtropics of Venezuela, Brazil and the Antilles. Its leaves, up to 80 cm long and 6 cm wide, form a narrow funnel-shaped rosette of broadly pointed leaves pointed at the end, and a pyramidal inflorescence of up to 15 cm long with small standing pink bracts twisted at the base and pale red flowers covered with light felt pubescence. This species blooms from mid-spring to mid-summer.
How to grow bilbergia flower?
If you want to get a houseplant for a long time, but you are an absolute beginner in this business and you worry that you will not be able to cope with this responsible business, then you may like the gentle and friendly bilbergia.
They call her “friendly” for a reason: she responds with great gratitude even to the most minimal care, delighting her owners with brisk foliage and unusual flowering. It is a hardy and easy to care culture that does not require any special skills and a lot of time, which undoubtedly is its greatest advantage.
Bilbergia belongs to the Bromeliyev family, which, however, is not always clearly visible in its external appearance. Externally, it is a loose rosette of leaves that store water inside it. The leaves themselves - elongated, hard and with small teeth at the edges, yellowish, light green and sometimes even motley.
In height, the plant rarely reaches more than half a meter, but in breadth it can grow quite strongly at the expense of the daughter rosettes, which are also called “offspring”. Usually, in the third year after planting, young outlets may well bloom, then die off, and next year their children will cope with the same task.
Such a substitution takes place every year, but in order for the container with the flower to always look neat and youthful, the dead mother plant must be removed manually.
As we have already mentioned, growing bilbergia at home is not a difficult task, which, even with minimal effort on your part, usually ends in excellent flowering. Most often this occurs in the autumn and ends in the winter, as well as in the spring, which depends on the particular type of bilbergia.
Of the most popular varieties that are most often grown at home, we can mention the bilbergia drooping, which is popularly called “queen's tears” for a special shape of inflorescences resembling drooping pinkish hue. Also among the popular species is Bilbergia zebrovidnaya, which is molded in fairly large sizes (up to 80 cm) and very beautiful leaf color is pale olive with silvery veins.
How to grow at home?
Most often, this plant is planted in wide pots or containers, there is another option, the so-called "bromelio tree." It is usually constructed from a large branching snag, on which young rosettes, wrapped in sphagnum moss, are transplanted.
Of course, this type of placement is somewhat more complicated than in a regular pot, the main difficulty is maintaining the moss at a sufficient level of humidity. As for lighting, bilbergia is able to adapt to almost any conditions, which is another definite plus of such a plant. But still, she even has some preferences: the windows of the western or eastern orientation. It is also important to remember that with a strong lack of light, it may refuse to bloom.
It does not make any special demands on the temperature regime: for such a flower, the main thing is that the temperature in the room does not drop below 12 ° in any period of the year.
However, in order to establish its stable flowering, it is better to distinguish between periods of active growth (in summer), when the temperature can be raised to 28 °, and the period of relative rest - a temperature in the range of 16 ° -18 °. Another advantage of bilbergia is that it is not afraid of drafts, and also does not react very sharply to temperature fluctuations.
In principle, the entire basic care of this flower comes down to regular watering: it is important to ensure that the soil always remains slightly wet. However, bilbergia does not like it when there is water in the pan for a long time - it is better to drain it an hour after watering.
In winter, watering should be reduced slightly, giving the ground a little time to dry before the next watering. We must not forget about the humidity of the air: in the hot time it should be regularly sprayed or just set a small pallet with expanded clay near the plant, into which you need to constantly pour water.
During flowering spraying is not recommended that the flowers, as long as possible, retain their beauty.
It will be useful sometimes to remember about top dressing, it is especially important during the period of active growing season. Fertilizers are easy for her to find, usually they are the simplest and most inexpensive: during flowering, they must be applied every two weeks, and then enough once every 4-5 weeks.
Choosing fertilizer, remember that for such a flower can be a destructive excess of nitrogen, so be careful. Plant propagates simply: divide the plant into several clusters of bushes, which are seated in separate containers. Large outlets with proper watering bloom as quickly as it would have done the parent plant. Here, in fact, all the wisdom of caring for such an unusual flower.
Why does not bilbergia bloom at home
The main reason that bilbergia stubbornly refuses to bloom is the lack of moisture and light. With regular spraying in the summer and keeping the flower in the scattered light, there are no problems with flowering. However, if bilbergia does not bloom anyway, you can try this method: put a cut apple on the pot, and put on a transparent thin bag on the flower itself. When a greenhouse climate is created, an apple begins to secrete ethylene, a substance that accelerates the flowering process of all members of the bromeliad family (this is also the way pineapple flowering is accelerated). It is possible to acquire blooming bilbergia on your window sill by reproducing the main plant by grafting: a small plant grown in this way can bloom in a year.
Another possible reason for the lack of flowers on a tropical beauty is the insufficient mineralization of the soil. In this case, it is necessary to transplant bilbergia into another pot with a new, fertilized and well-moistened soil. Bilbergia is an unusual indoor plant, which due to its bright external data can be an ornament to your flower garden. Compliance with the optimal temperature, humidity and light levels, as well as timely care will allow you to enjoy the beauty of this tropical guest for many years.