Chemical peeling helps not only to eliminate cosmetic defects of the skin, but also to solve more serious problems, such as wrinkles, scars, photo-aging, enlarged pores, etc., significantly prolonging its youth. But this procedure is quite painful. Its most benign variety is glycolic peeling, which allows you to even out the texture and skin tone, improve the complexion, and also get rid of surface cosmetic defects without affecting the deep layers of the epidermis.
Glycolic peeling is a great assistant in the fight against photo-aging and various skin defects. With it, you can solve the problem of pigmentation, enlarged pores, even out the complexion and skin tone, get rid of freckles, acne and many other cosmetic problems. The procedure of chemical peeling with glycolic acid helps cleanse the pores, regulate the functioning of the sebaceous glands, as well as enhance cell regeneration.
Glycolic peeling has a mild and gentle effect. The active substance of the peeling is glycolic acid, belonging to the group of alpha-hydroxy acids. This acid is often found in skin care products.
This type of peeling is ideal for any skin type, but in rare cases there are exceptions. This procedure does not require a long rehabilitation period, since it captures only the surface layers of the epidermis, without damaging it. As a result, we have an excellent rejuvenation effect in a short period of time. To achieve the maximum effect, it is recommended to repeat the procedure. The number of procedures is established in each case by a specialist, taking into account the type of skin and the existing problems.
Indications for the procedure:
- thickening of the stratum corneum on the background of prolonged sun exposure or photo-aging,
- the emergence of the first signs of aging,
- pigmentation (freckles, age spots),
- oily and problem skin (acne, black spots, acne, acne),
- correction of cosmetic problems
- increased secretion of the sebaceous glands.
Before carrying out this peeling, the patient should visit a cosmetologist, who will give his recommendations regarding pre-peeling preparation and post-peeling care. In addition, the specialist informs the patient that this procedure does not eliminate the existing scars and scars, but will make them smoother and less noticeable. The doctor taking into account the type of skin and the existing problems will select the necessary means to prepare for the procedure and to recover from it.
When conducting glycolic peeling course, you should abandon trips to the solarium and stay in the open sun.
Contraindications to the procedure:
- the presence of herpes in the acute stage (the procedure is delayed for at least two weeks),
presence of warts,
- violation of the integrity of the skin (wounds, abrasions, cuts, etc.),
- going through a course of chemotherapy or his recently completed course,
- allergic reactions to peeling components,
- freshly received tan (wait two weeks).
Preparation for the procedure.
A couple of weeks before the intended procedure, the patient visits a beautician who diagnoses his skin. Taking into account its features and type, a specialist selects funds for pre-peeling training (they will need to be purchased). Typically, the kit includes a cleanser, night cream with acids and a day cream moisturizing action.
This procedure can be carried out in a different way: gradually (from the minimum level) increase the concentration of glycolic acid (up to seventy percent) in the composition of the peeling. Such sessions will require four to five. But the course of such procedures will only improve the appearance of the skin (the complexion will improve, the skin will become smooth and elastic, freckles and pigment spots will disappear).
For extremes, the procedure can be carried out without pre-peeling preparation, immediately applying a composition with acid of high concentration to the face and withstanding a short period of time. With each subsequent procedure, the time of exposure to the peeling composition should be increased. However, this option involves the appearance of redness and peeling on the skin. Therefore, the first variant of the procedure is considered the most optimal and safe.
Carrying out the procedure.
The first stage of the procedure is to prepare the skin for the application of acid, for which it is cleaned by applying a special lotion (sometimes acetone solutions are used for skin defatting), which helps to improve and enhance the degree of glycolic acid exposure. The second step is the direct application of the acid. Apply it with a special applicator or brush, starting from the line of the forehead, moving in the direction of the chin. The amount of acid layers applied depends on the problem being solved and the depth of exposure.
The time of exposure to acid can be from five to twenty minutes, again, taking into account the tasks. Completing the peeling procedure treatment of the skin with cold water or wet towels. It neutralizes the action of the acid. After that, the skin is smeared with specially prepared isotonic solution, designed to protect the skin from sun exposure.
The procedure is carried out under the constant supervision of specialists, so any changes and skin reactions will not remain unnoticed. The normal reaction of the skin after the procedure is its slight redness and dryness. During the peeling, the patient has a slight tingling or tingling sensation. Otherwise, no discomfort or pain, so anesthesia during its implementation is not applied. If the reddening of the skin area or its swelling occurred during the procedure, the acidic composition is immediately removed from this area, while the exfoliating procedure continues on other areas of the skin of the face. If there are more than three similar reddened areas, the composition is washed off completely, and the procedure ends.
To reduce the patient’s discomfort, a cold stream of air is directed to the face during the procedure. The procedure can be performed no more than once a month and a half, otherwise the skin may experience severe stress, which is fraught with more serious consequences.
The rehabilitation period after the procedure does not take more than two days. The main recommendations for this period are to eliminate or limit the stay in the open sun, use warm water and baby soap in the washing process, and then apply a moisturizer to the skin. For two weeks after the procedure, use sunscreen with a high degree of protection.
Carrying out the procedure at home.
Such an exfoliating procedure can be easily carried out at home, for this it is only necessary to purchase a special kit in a pharmacy or beauty salon. But before you decide on such a step, you should think carefully about everything, because if something goes wrong, you are left without the help of professionals. It is forbidden to do this procedure at home to girls who will be the first to apply acid to the skin.
Preparation before the procedure is also recommended. Before applying the acid, the face should also be cleaned and rinsed with warm water. Acid in a small amount with a brush to apply on the skin, avoiding the area around the eyes, stand for no more than five minutes, then neutralize the acid with cold water. To soothe the skin should be moistened with a cream.
Exposure and acid concentration
Peeling is of three types, superficial, midline and deep. To do this, use an acid of different concentrations. Most often, the peeling compositions contain 5-10%, 15-30%, 35-50% and 70% glycolic acid. The greater the concentration, the deeper the processing. It should start with the smallest.
This will allow the body to adapt to the effects of the drug, or to stop the procedure in time if the body’s reaction is too intense so as not to cause harm. During the patient may feel a slight tingling sensation.
Glycolic surface cleansing can be performed within the uppermost layer of the skin. Perfect for treating and preventing acne. It has a soft and gentle nature of the impact, is very effective and does not injure the surface.
At the same time, the microrelief is significantly improved, fine wrinkles and freckles are erased, congestive acne is cured, spots from acne are eliminated. Median glycol peeling affects the living layers of the epidermis up to the basement membrane. Due to the effects of acid, the epidermis disappears almost completely.
This type of peeling is perfect for smoothing wrinkles and wrinkles, neutralizing the contrast of scars and the gradual removal of pigment spots (laser removal). It is carried out exclusively in the clinic, the subsequent rehabilitation can last 8-15 days. With the obligatory observance of all the recommendations of the doctor who conducted the procedure.
Deep facial peeling is the most aggressive and at the same time the most effective type of procedure. The active substance penetrates to the net layer of the dermis, due to which a complete renewal takes place.
The technique is formally considered surgical and is carried out only in a hospital with a full rehabilitation after it. Sometimes anesthesia is used for such an intervention. Most often, patients turn to this type of peeling to correct local areas of the face and body.
The benefits and harms of dry cleaning
Advantages of this method:
- painlessness of the method
- the effect is visible after a few hours
- fast recovery
- significant improvement in complexion
- effective removal of fine wrinkles
- helps to get rid of pigmentation and freckles.
Cons of this peeling:
- There are often complications such as redness and flaking,
- in rare cases there is no result,
- sometimes provokes increased pigmentation.
- high cost of the procedure.
To avoid such troubles, it is not recommended to carry out even the surface glycolic peeling at home. Be sure to consult with a specialist. This will help save your nerves, health and money.
Indications and contraindications
- dry skin and peeling
- unhealthy skin color, including rosacea, unnaturally strong redness,
- the presence of scars and scars after squeezing acne,
- stretch marks (fractional photothermolysis will also help get rid of this problem),
- oily skin: glycolic acid perfectly affects the skin fat balance, normalizing it,
- fine wrinkles
- freckles, spoiling the appearance of the person because of its abundance or large size.
- presence of warts,
- for skin with a fresh tan,
- for patients with very dark skin,
- patients who have recently undergone chemotherapy,
- severe purulent inflammation,
- herpes in the acute phase,
- presence of fresh or open wounds on the face,
- pregnancy at any time,
- the presence of cancer,
- individual intolerance to the components.
Before the procedure, the doctor must warn the patient about all contraindications.
Among the additional recommendations, it should be added that experts do not recommend carrying out this procedure in the summer and spring, when ultraviolet rays are most active. The best time is winter and autumn. Restrictions on age, this procedure has virtually no. It can be carried out with 15-17 years.
Preparation and Stages
It does not require special preparation, but in a few days it is necessary to exclude an active solar effect and a visit to the solarium.
A session occurs in several stages:
- At the first stage, a cleanser is applied to the skin, designed to moisturize and soothe the skin, but at the same time, without disturbing its acidity. It optimally prepares it for exposure to acid.
- The second stage involves the direct application of glycolic acid to the patient's skin.
- The next stage is the application of a special agent, which is designed to neutralize the action of the acid when it is no longer needed.
- At the last, fourth stage, a special mask is applied to soothe the skin and prevent its further irritation.
The duration of the session can vary from 10 to 25 minutes, depending on the concentration of the drug and the reaction of the body.
It sometimes happens that the procedure has to be canceled, since the skin can be very sensitive. If she starts to blush and her face swells, the doctor decides to stop the process, as it will lead to unwanted complications.
Care and recovery period
There are a number of rules that must be followed after such cosmetic procedures. Experts recommend patients for several days not to use decorative cosmetics, as this impedes recovery.
It is necessary to exclude visiting baths and saunas. Be sure to use sunscreen with a high degree of protection from ultraviolet rays, as they are detrimental to your skin after such exposure.
And what is cryotherapy and how it is used in cosmetology, you have the opportunity to read here.
What are the advantages of cryomassage of face with liquid nitrogen and what results can be achieved, read here.
Results, photo before and after
After the course of glycolic therapy, the result is visible almost immediately. Pigmentation disappears, scars and wrinkles disappear and in some cases completely disappear. Also there is a significant improvement in the condition of the face and its rejuvenation.
Peeling is able to give your face youth and beauty for many years.
See what results can be achieved with glycolic acid peeling:
Consequences and complications
Unfortunately, in rare cases, complications can occur. If you have too soft skin, redness may occur, lasting from 2-3 hours to several days. If the sensitivity is very high, then after glycolic peeling, edema or the appearance of a crust is possible, which cannot be removed on its own.
In case of independent actions, the appearance of scars is possible, therefore if such reactions occur, immediately contact the beautician and he will select a special cream.
How often can you do the average prices in the cabin
Most often, experts recommend holding from 4 to 10 sessions with breaks of 12-14 days after each procedure. This is due to the fact that the skin must recover and rest from the effects of acid.
Peeling is well combined with non-injection mesotherapy, ultrasound lifting and RF-lifting procedure.
The cost of each glycolic peeling procedure is approximately 1500-4000 rubles. The price depends on the cosmetic clinic, brand of the drug and the depth of exposure.
Read about indications and contraindications of medicinal electrophoresis here.
What is the use of darsonvalization of the skin of the face and whether this method has contraindications, you will learn here.
We suggest reading reviews of peeling with glycolic acid:
Olga, 35, personnel manager:
“Pigment spots began to appear on the face, did not know what to do, used tons of powder and cream. All this did not bring the desired effect, and most importantly the result. I learned about this method and decided to try. The result exceeded all my expectations! I am very pleased and advise everyone. ”
Larisa, 28 years old, accountant:
“I decided to remove the nascent fine lines on my face. Heard about this method for a long time.
Chose a clinic on the advice of friends and made a glycolic peeling.
Now the face is young and there are no more wrinkles.
I can advise a good clinic and a cosmetologist. "
Maria, 35 years old, designer:
“I decided on glycolic peeling to rejuvenate the skin of the face. To tell the truth, the result upset me, it turned out that my skin didn’t tolerate this procedure badly - redness appeared and there was strong irritation. Then everything calmed down, it's good that everything remained as it was and it did not get any worse. ”
Catherine, 45 years old, teacher:
“I learned about this procedure and decided to do it, as wrinkles began to prevail, and creams do not help much. I was not very impressed with the result, although there were no particular complications, but I expected more. ”
Oksana, 22 years old, student:
“At the end of winter, before spring, I made a face cleaning to refresh it after a long and gloomy winter. At home she did not dare, she turned to the specialists. Very pleased with the result, the skin is fresh and taut. ”
As can be seen, the method of healing the face with glycolic acid is effective. The skin of the face improves, defects and fine wrinkles disappear. But this method is not suitable for everyone. Before you decide on such a crucial step, consult your doctor.
In conclusion, we offer to see a video of the procedure of glycol peeling:
What it is?
What is glycolic face peeling? It is carried out using glycolic acid, which is a fruit acid. In general, it is considered superficial, but only if the concentration of the main component is 40%.If it varies in the range of 40-70%, then the procedure should be attributed to the median peeling, implying an impact on the deeper layers of the epidermis.
How does glycolic acid work?
Glycolic acid, falling on the surface of the skin, literally dissolves its upper layer, that is, removes dead and dead cells of the epidermis. As a result, tissues are renewed, all metabolic processes are accelerated, and the synthesis of important substances responsible for elasticity, youth and freshness, such as elastin and collagen, is launched.
In what cases is the procedure shown?
Indications for glycol peeling procedure:
- Hyperpigmentation, deterioration of complexion (the acquisition of a yellowish or grayish tint).
- Some skin irregularities, such as scars, scars, post-acne.
- The first signs of aging: reduced skin turgor, first facial wrinkles, flabbiness.
- Enlarged pores, increased activity of the sebaceous glands.
- Preparation for other cosmetic procedures.
- Photo-aging of the skin, excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
Who is not suitable?
Glycolic peeling has contraindications, which include:
- herpes infection in the acute stage,
- any neoplasms on the skin of the face, including those of unknown nature: birthmarks, warts,
- violation of the integrity of the epidermis: burns, abrasions, wounds, scratches,
- breastfeeding and lactation periods,
- fresh tan (less than two weeks),
- it is undesirable to carry out the procedure in the summer and spring months, that is, during the period of active ultraviolet radiation,
- oncological diseases,
- individual intolerance to the components of the preparation used, increased tendency to allergic reactions,
- the need to constantly remain under the open sunlight (after peeling, exposure to ultraviolet radiation can severely damage the epidermis),
- recently completed a course of hormonal or chemotherapy,
- severe cardiovascular diseases,
- more serious disease of the central nervous system.
Preparation for the procedure
Preparation involves a preliminary visit to the beautician and receive recommendations from him. He may advise using special products containing glycolic acid in minimal concentrations for two weeks. This will prepare the skin and enhance the effect. In addition, two weeks should limit exposure to the sun. You also need to abandon other aggressive procedures.
How is peeling?
Glycolic acid peeling is carried out in several stages:
- First, the beautician will remove makeup and cleanse the skin.
- Next, apply the main drug. The concentration of glycolic acid in it is selected in advance, taking into account the problems and the skin condition of the client.
- Next, the drug is removed from the surface of the face with a special neutralizing solution.
- In conclusion, the beautician can apply a sedative.
During the procedure, there may be some unpleasant sensations: burning, tingling, discomfort, tingling. Usually they are tolerant, and in case of pain a specialist can cool the face with a stream of cool air. After the session, there will be a slight swelling of the skin and its redness, probably a burning sensation. Such sensations usually pass in a day. But to assess the final result can only be 5-7 days.
The duration of the full course can vary from 3-5 to 8-10 sessions, depending on the condition of the skin and the existing problems. The interval between treatments should be at least 10-14 days for the epidermis to recover.
Care after the procedure
To protect damaged skin from adverse effects, some simple guidelines should be followed:
- For several days after the procedure, do not use makeup.
- Limit sun exposure for at least 1-1.5 weeks after glycolic peeling. Before each exit to the street, apply a cream with a high sun protection factor (at least 50 SPF) on your face.
- At least for seven days it is undesirable to visit saunas and baths, to swim in open reservoirs and pools.
- The beautician may recommend the use of anti-inflammatory and moisturizing agents, for example, on the basis of panthenol.
- Home glycolic peeling is possible only if the drug is used with a low content of glycolic acid (maximum 15-20%, and preferably less). And in this case, it is worthwhile to first consult a beautician to find out in advance all possible risks and pitfalls. It is undesirable to use more concentrated remedies at home. Median peeling can be carried out only in the conditions of a beauty salon or a beauty clinic under the supervision of a specialist.
- Strictly follow the recommendations of the beautician to achieve the desired effect and avoid undesirable consequences.
- If during the procedure you have expressed and intolerable pain, immediately inform the cosmetologist about it so that he takes action.
If you doubted, now you can definitely make the right decision and understand whether glycolic peeling is suitable for you.
What is acid peeling?
Acid peeling is a procedure that allows you to cleanse the skin of dead skin cells, age spots, acne marks and even smooth fine wrinkles. During the procedure, the chemical composition is applied directly to the skin and lasts for a while until it is absorbed. After peeling, the skin will flake off for 1-14 days. It all depends on how deeply the acids penetrate the skin. As a result, problem areas where there were dead particles of the epidermis and other flaws will be covered. In this case, the skin comes off in a controlled way: in those places where it is necessary, there is a rapid recovery of damaged areas.
Types of Acid Face Peeling
There are 3 types of peeling, depending on the condition and type of skin, as well as on how deep it should penetrate inside it:
- Superficial peeling. The softest version of skin cleansing with acid, which is suitable for any skin type, even for the most sensitive. Typically, this procedure is the application of a solution with a small percentage of glycolic acid or carbon dioxide.
- Medium peeling. The solution penetrates into the deeper layers of the epidermis, causing tissue burns 2 degrees. Its main component is trichloroacetic acid. After the procedure, a hard crust forms on the face.
- Deep peeling, in which a chemical solution based on phenol penetrates into the deeper layers of the epidermis. The procedure is carried out only in medical institutions, as it relates to surgical procedures. She is able to remove both wrinkles and scars left after acne and acne. Such acid peels are prescribed for owners of very problematic skin, as well as for feet.
In addition to the classification procedure for the depth of penetration of the solution, I would like to dwell on the effectiveness of the impact of specific acids on the skin. So:
- Peeling fruit acids. The procedure is suitable for young girls who have not yet experienced pronounced age-related skin changes. To do this, use grape, mango, cane or sugar acid. The result is impressive: the skin is more elastic, its tone is increased, and the aging process is slower.
- Peeling with almond acid. It has a good antibacterial effect, reduces scars and acne scars.
- Salicylic acid is suitable for girls with dark skin. In addition, it helps in the fight against acne, inflammation, seborrhea and hyperpigmentation of the skin.
- Lactic acid peeling is valued for its excellent rejuvenating effect, and the skin after it is smooth and velvety.
- Retinoic peeling is considered the safest and most effective. It is suitable for women of all ages and with any type of skin, because the concentration of acid and the degree of injury to the tissues of the burn can be adjusted.
- Glycolic acid is perfect for cleansing the skin from sebaceous and mud plugs, as well as to combat pigment spots.
How to prepare the skin before the procedure?
This stage is very important, because many girls are unhappy with the procedure only because they have not properly prepared the skin for it.
Any acid causes a chemical burn of the dermis, which is why it is necessary to help it more easily adapt to such a radical effect.
It is better to plan the procedure in advance and in about a week to start preparing the skin for it.
First of all, use 2 times a day, morning and evening, with soft cleansing scrubs and balms, apply sunscreen an hour before going outside and minimize the use of decorative cosmetics. Sometimes cosmetologists recommend applying tretinoin (Retin-A), which accumulates in it and contributes to a more rapid and even recovery, on the skin some time before the procedure. In addition, before the procedure of deep and medium peeling, you should use ointments such as Acyclovir to avoid herpes and similar rashes.
Be sure to consult with your beautician, nobody will tell you better or advise how to care for your skin before peeling.
Who is acid peeling suitable for?
The procedure of radical cleansing of the skin is suitable for girls with the following problems:
- skin protection against premature aging,
- mimic wrinkles and age-related skin changes,
- age spots, uneven complexion,
- acne, acne and marks from them,
- seborrheic dermatitis,
- minor scars and scars after injuries and surgery.
Despite all the benefits of the procedure, there are contraindications to it:
- allergy and intolerance to the components that make up the solution,
- keloid scars
- irritation and inflammation in the area of the intended procedure,
- the acute phase of the herpes virus,
- pregnancy and lactation,
- increased body temperature.
Acid peeling is best done in the period from October to the end of March, when the sun is the least active and harmful UV exposure is minimal.
Take care of yourself, love and indulge yourself, and you will always look beautiful.
What is glycolic peeling
Glycolic peeling is a procedure for exfoliating the stratum corneum of the skin of the face, during which glycolic acid is used - an organic substance that can accelerate the exfoliation of dead epidermal cells. This is a fruit acid derived from vegetable raw materials (sugar cane, beets, grapes).
Glycolic acid peeling gently removes the upper epidermal layer and contributes to the activation of skin renewal processes, providing a rejuvenating effect and allowing you to cope with cosmetic defects caused by improper facial care, age-related changes and some other reasons.
Glycolic acid properties and skin benefits
Fruit acid improves skin condition due to a number of beneficial properties, including:
- Rejuvenating The substance has the ability to affect not only the upper, but also the deeper layers of the epidermis, activating the synthesis of collagen fibers. This allows you to improve skin tone, eliminate fine wrinkles, and make deep ones less pronounced. The pronounced lifting effect of the acid helps to increase the elasticity of soft tissues, improve the relief of the face and enhances the rejuvenating effect of the peeling.
- Cleansing. Deeply penetrating into the epidermis, glycolic acid actively removes dead cells and removes impurities, thereby improving the complexion, black dots disappear, pores narrow. The skin becomes clean and radiant.
- Moisturizing and nourishing. The organic compound activates metabolic processes in the epidermal layers, normalizes the pH of the skin and increases the blood microcirculation, which makes it possible to saturate the epidermis with a large amount of nutrients, making it hydrated, smooth and delicate.
- Anti-inflammatory and antibacterial. With its antimicrobial effect, fruit acid fights bacteria that cause acne and reduces the severity of acne. It also eliminates inflammation, relieves redness and stabilizes the sebaceous glands.
- Whitening Removing the top layer of the skin, the acid composition helps to get rid of age spots and freckles.
Thus, glycolic face peeling is a universal procedure that helps to solve several cosmetic problems at the same time. It allows you to make the skin more youthful, healthy, fresh, improves appearance, is suitable for both young girls and women of mature age.
Types of acid exposure in the cabin and at home
In the salon conditions, you can spend 3 types of peeling glycolic acid. They differ in the depth of the effect of the active substance on the skin and the concentration of exfoliating composition.
- Superficial peeling. This procedure uses glycolic acid of the lowest concentration - up to 40%. The cleansing composition affects only the upper layers of the skin, gently exfoliating dead cells and smoothing the complexion. This type of chemical peeling is considered the most gentle and safe, but at the same time the least effective compared to other types of procedure, therefore, it is recommended to resort to superficial peeling at a young age with minor skin problems.
- Median peeling. Fruit acid in a concentration of from 40 to 70% provides deeper penetration of the exfoliating composition into the skin cells, so that the procedure allows you to cope with complex cosmetic defects. This type of peeling is aimed primarily at facial rejuvenation, so it is recommended for women over 35 years old. With the permission of the cosmetologist, this procedure can also be carried out in order to get rid of postacne.
- Deep peeling. The most effective peeling is performed with 70% glycolic acid. This is the most aggressive method in which the deep layers of the dermis are affected and the skin cells are completely renewed. This procedure is painful and requires a longer period of rehabilitation than superficial or middle peeling. As a result of such an impact on the skin a strong chemical burn is formed, after which a reddening and peeling of the face, the appearance of a brown peel is observed for a long time.
Exfoliating the skin with fruit acid can also be done at home, but it is only allowed to do facial peeling on your own using glycolic acid in a concentration of not more than 10%. Otherwise, you can cause great damage to the skin.
For home care, you need to choose cosmetics designed specifically for gentle peeling, and strictly follow the enclosed instructions.
The procedure, carried out independently, will bring effect only if it is used to eliminate minor cosmetic defects (enlarged pores, comedones, dull complexion). In the presence of deep wrinkles and pronounced acne scars, home peeling will be useless.
How many procedures are required and how often can be performed
To achieve a pronounced positive effect, it is required to carry out from 3 to 10 sessions of peeling with glycolic acid. The exact number of visits to the beauty parlor is set individually, taking into account the severity of skin defects and the type of procedure.
Between sessions it is necessary to take breaks to restore the skin. If low concentration glycolic acid was used to exfoliate the stratum corneum of the epidermis, then the procedure can be repeated again after 7 days. When using the composition of 40-70%, the duration of the break can be 3 months.
Glycolic Peeling Options
When applied to the skin, the properties of glycolic acid are largely determined by its concentration, and the main effect of this substance is to remove the already dead cells of the surface layer of the epidermal cells and flatten the skin relief. In parallel with this, the natural resources of the skin are stimulated to increase skin turgor. In addition, there is an alignment of color and significant lightening of pigmentation and freckles.
When carried out in a beauty salon or salon, acid can be used to perform glycolic peeling in two concentrations:
- Surface (40% glycolic acid with a pH of 2.4-4.5) - affects only the surface layer of the epidermis and provokes desquamation of dead keratinocytes, almost without causing proliferation processes. The main indications for use are seborrhea peculiar to a young age, leveling the skin relief and improving the complexion. The indisputable advantage of such a procedure is the possibility of its use in the so-called emergency cases (for example, when preparing for a celebration).
- Срединный или агрессивный (40-70 % гликолиевой кислоты с рН менее 2,8) – такая концентрация активного компонента обеспечивает его более глубокое проникновение и максимально выраженное омолаживающее действие, вызывающее выработку коллагена и активность фибробластов и базальных кератиноцитов рогового слоя. After such a procedure, a more active burn occurs, leading to the appearance of redness, peeling, pain and the appearance of a crust from dead brown cells.
Who is recommended such a procedure
Glycolic peeling is indicated for the following problems with the skin of the face or body:
- acne and acne,
- age changes
- dry skin
- pigmentation disorders in the form of spots or freckles,
- pronounced wrinkles,
- the presence of scars from previously transferred inflammatory processes,
- shallow stretch marks or scars,
- enlarged pores in oily skin
- preparation for more radical procedures: mechanical or laser grinding, plastic surgery,
- therapy and prevention of molluscum contagiosum.
Glycolic peeling is contraindicated in identifying the following conditions and diseases:
- allergic to one of the components of the composition for peeling,
- pregnancy or breastfeeding,
- open skin lesions (cuts, scratches, etc.),
- increased photosensitivity,
- herpetic skin lesions,
- the presence of inflammatory foci,
- warts or other skin lesions,
- recent epilation and eyebrow correction,
- severe systemic diseases
- the likelihood of being under the open ultraviolet rays.
With particular care, glycolic peeling should be carried out among those who are treated or used for cosmetic purposes on the basis of retinol analogues (vitamin A), since their use significantly increases the effect of glycolic acid and can lead to severe chemical burns.
How glycolic acid affects the skin
The glycolic acid molecule has the lowest molecular weight, unlike other acids in the fruit group. It is because of its size that it can easily penetrate into the upper layers of the skin.
This property of glycolic acid was observed in 1996. Then, during the experiments, the researchers studied the effect of this substance on the skin affected by ultraviolet radiation and applied a 50% solution of the acid to half of the face of 41 volunteers once a week. The age of the subjects ranged from 35 to 70 years.
After 4 weeks of testing, the visible signs of photo-aging were significantly reduced in that half of the face that was exposed to glycolic acid. For a more detailed assessment of the effects of this substance, the researchers performed a tissue biopsy and it turned out that 90% of volunteers showed significant improvements, expressed in:
- thickening of living cells of the epidermis,
- compaction and reducing the thickness of horny cells,
- reducing sensitivity to ultraviolet rays,
- smoothing of superficial wrinkles (the effect of glycolic acid did not extend to deep wrinkles).
Now, cosmetologists also have confirmed evidence that glycolic acid promotes the production of collagen, which increases skin turgor and elasticity.
For the procedure after the examination, the doctor can determine the percentage of glycolic acid solution needed for each particular patient and the duration of its action on the skin.
Features of the procedure
Before the peeling, the doctor will certainly acquaint the patient with some features of this procedure.
- Glycolic peeling sessions should be planned in the autumn-winter period. Such advice of all leading cosmetologists is based on the fact that after exposure to this substance, the skin becomes extremely sensitive to ultraviolet rays and any insolation can lead to the appearance of pigment spots. Predicting their occurrence is extremely difficult, and the only way to avoid their formation is to conduct the procedure in the months of the least solar activity.
- The concentration of the composition for application is determined specifically for each based on the data obtained after examining the patient's skin.
- Glycolic peeling cannot be used to eliminate significant scars, deep wrinkles and pronounced hyperkeratosis.
- The composition with a high concentration of glycolic acid can only be used when carrying out peeling in the conditions of the beauty parlor. Such sessions should be carried out exclusively by a highly qualified doctor, and performing such procedures at home can lead to serious complications.
- Anesthetics are not used to perform glycolic peeling, therefore, discomfort in the form of burning, redness and tingling is felt by almost all patients. Subsequently, reddening of the skin can form, and in extremely rare cases (using an overly concentrated formulation) burns of grade I-II can occur. The treatment of such complications is possible at home and is carried out with the help of anti-burn remedies that promote the more rapid elimination of the inflammatory reaction and accelerate the healing process. In this case, burns of the I degree can be treated by a cosmetologist, and injuries of the II degree - only with a burn surgeon.
In order for the glycolic peeling to be successful, 7-14 days prior to the procedure, a special composition should be applied to ensure the pH of the skin is level. This procedure should be carried out after prior cleansing of the skin from impurities, since the components of such a product do not penetrate well through the oily film, and the measure may be ineffective. The composition of the preparatory solution always includes 5-10% glycolic acid and in some cases other fruit acids are added (for example, lactic acid).
- In the first 4-5 days, the composition is applied just before bedtime.
- And in the following days - in the morning and in the evening.
- If the patient has dry skin, then throughout the preparation, the preparation is applied only once a day.
- On the day of the glycolic peeling composition is not applied.
Test to identify possible allergic reactions
Before the procedure, the doctor must perform a test to exclude possible allergic reactions to the composition. This test is performed a day before the peeling.
This event consists in applying the drug to the skin of the elbow. After a certain time, the product is washed off, and over the next 24 hours, the patient must observe the condition of the skin.
If there is an allergy to the composition at the place of application, the following symptoms occur:
- severe burning sensation or other discomfort,
- intense redness present for several hours.
If there are signs of an allergic reaction or questionable test results, the patient should refuse to perform glycolic peeling. Sometimes in order to eliminate doubts when unexpressed results of the test, the test is repeated on a small part of the cheek.
- The first procedure before the peeling is a thorough make-up, which can be carried out with the help of various means (milk, gel for washing, etc.).
- After cleansing the skin, it must be degreased with a special lotion.
- The application of the active compound, the concentration of which is determined individually, is carried out with a brush or tampon. In some salons, in order to reduce the discomfort that occurs at this stage of the peeling, cold air baths are conducted in the form of a stream of cold air directed on the face.
- Neutralization of the active component of the glycol peeling is carried out using a weakly alkaline or alkaline agent. After that, the skin is washed by an isotonic solution of sodium chloride, which prevents it from drying out over the next several hours.
Glycolic peeling sessions may be several to achieve the desired result. Depending on the clinical case, their number can reach 5-10. On average, the number of procedures is at least 5, and the interval between them is determined individually (usually it is at least 7 days).
The application of nourishing creams and soothing masks after a session allows you to accelerate the regeneration of the skin.
- The use of sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 is strictly mandatory, since UV rays can cause the appearance of pigmentation.
- In addition, after the procedure for 7 days, you should avoid exposure of the skin to the sun's rays and refuse to visit the solarium.
- A few days after peeling, you can use conventional skin care products.
In most cases, with proper preparation and professional implementation, as well as following all the recommendations of the doctor regarding the rehabilitation period, glycolic peeling does not cause adverse reactions and complications. However, sometimes the patient may occur:
- dry skin - often appears and is eliminated using special cosmetics for post-peeling care,
- burns - with the wrong choice of the concentration of glycolic acid or the wrong time of application of the composition,
- pigment spots - a complication occurs when there is an increased photosensitivity of the skin or if the doctor’s recommendations about the need to apply sunscreen after the procedure are not followed,
- Allergies - appears only if the test is performed incorrectly before applying the composition to the skin and is eliminated by taking antihistamines.
Which doctor to contact
To carry out glycolic peeling should consult a cosmetologist. Indications for such a procedure can be fine wrinkles, pigmentation, unhealthy complexion, reduction of skin turgor, seborrhea, etc.
Glycolic peeling is one of the varieties of chemical peeling, and this procedure can be carried out for people of different ages. Before assigning the date of the session, the patient must undergo appropriate training and a test to identify possible allergies to the applied composition. After completing the procedure for several days, you should follow the rules of rehabilitation: apply sunscreen and avoid direct exposure to UV rays.
The cosmetologist tells and shows how glycolic peeling is performed:
Glycolic Peeling Master Class:
The cosmetologist talks about the indications for glycolic peeling and shows how the procedure goes:
The importance of observing contraindications
With multiple aesthetic benefits, peels create extreme conditions for the skin. No matter how exfoliation is carried out, it is aimed at artificially destroying the outer surface of the epidermis. Cosmetic compositions based on natural or synthesized acids, as well as enzymes cause a real chemical burn of the skin. Hardware techniques, among which laser or diamond polishing remains the most popular, as well as gas-liquid treatment, "remove" dead cells, exposing young and susceptible skin.
On the one hand, the provoked damage to the stratum corneum causes the skin to react with accelerated recovery. The deep layers of the dermis produce their own hyaluronic acid and collagen fibers, improving their blood supply, respiration and tissue saturation with useful trace elements. Natural regeneration leads to the fact that the result of peelings is visual facial rejuvenation, improvement of skin color and microrelief, getting rid of annoying defects in the form of pigmentation, scars and inflammations.
On the other hand, working only on the surface of the skin, physical or chemical peeling of the face causes the immune response of the whole organism. The body perceives the destruction of part of the protective barrier as a threat. During the healing of the skin in the enhanced mode, not only the circulatory, but also the endocrine system of the body works. Peels activate the production of antibodies to block skin infections, increase the intercellular metabolism and increase the sensitivity of the skin to external factors. Therefore, it is not possible to perform the exfoliation procedure during the illness or immediately after it.
When deciding on the peeling procedure contraindications, which are common and individual, consult with a cosmetologist or therapist about the possibility of performing the procedure. Superficial exfoliation rarely causes side effects, but after a mid or deep peel, even long-term diseases of the cardiovascular or immune system can provoke complications.
Among the contraindications for peeling are not only chronic or oncological pathologies. Individual intolerance to acids, enzymes or laser beams are also indisputable prohibitions for exfoliation. Before peeling, the cosmetologist clarifies whether the client has general contraindications to the procedure, as well as symptoms of dermatological and cardiovascular diseases.
General bans for exfoliation
Superficial exfoliation is considered to be careful and weakly traumatic. During it, only the dense stratum corneum of the epidermis is exposed, from which the skin is able to free itself. Regeneration of the skin after superficial procedures takes a maximum of 3-5 days, so there are almost no serious contraindications for a light peeling of the face.
The situation with the middle and deep exfoliation is much more complicated. The concentration of acidic compounds for such chemical procedures is higher, which means the extent of skin damage is more serious. A severe burn of the epidermis and some layers of the dermis results in a long rehabilitation period, during which skin reactions to peeling may be unpredictable. Therefore, chemical peeling of the face with median and deep penetration of the peeling agent into the skin cells has much more contraindications than superficial exposure.
General restrictions for all types of peelings are:
- planned or come pregnancy,
- breastfeeding period,
- exacerbation of the herpes virus,
- acute respiratory infections and viral infections,
- increase in total body temperature
- burns, ulcers, abrasions, scratches and facial cracks,
- period of high solar activity (from March to October).
Contradictions about whether a pregnancy, especially in the early stages, a categorical contraindication to peeling, still exist. It is widely believed that the chemical components of the peeling compositions can penetrate the general circulation of the mother and child, and thus affect the normal formation of the body of the fetus. On the other hand, the concentration of acids in the means for peeling is so small that its action is only enough to violate the integrity of the skin.
Cosmetologists agree that some types of mild superficial exfoliation are permissible during pregnancy. They will not affect the health of the child, and the future mother will make more beautiful. From the middle, and the more profound, peelings a woman in position should refrain. Changes in hormonal levels during pregnancy can provoke an unpredictable skin reaction to chemical or hardware procedures.
During breastfeeding of a baby, a woman may suffer from the appearance of small pimples and pigment spots on the face. Chemical peels indications for which include these aesthetic deficiencies, help in solving such problems in 1-2 sessions. But in the period of lactation in young mothers, cosmetologists also prefer to abstain from performing peels. On the one hand, there is a risk that a small part of the acid will be passed into the mother’s milk and transferred to the infant. On the other hand, the level of hormones in women after childbirth is normalized within six months, which means that chemical peels can add only defects of appearance.
The appearance of herpes lesions, especially on the lips, indicates that the body's immunity is weakened. Herpetic bubbles themselves cause discomfort: soreness, itching and swelling of tissues. Peeling during the exacerbation of the herpes virus can not only increase the pain in the area of the rash, but also extend the treatment of sores.
SARS, ARI, fever
During seasonal diseases, especially if you feel their classic symptoms, it is better to refuse serious cosmetic procedures. The forces of the body in case of a cold or flu are aimed at fighting the infection, therefore, it will be much harder to recover after peeling to weakened skin cells during this period.
Wounds, abrasions and ulcers
Scratches, cracks or inflamed abscesses on the skin make you think about the feasibility of doing peeling at this time. Acidic composition or abrasive, hitting an open wound, firstly, will cause pain, and secondly, can lead to the development of a subcutaneous infection, which can only be eliminated with antibiotics.
Sunlight is a contraindication for almost all types of exfoliation. Young skin, injured by ultraviolet light, in most cases responds with bright hyperpigmentation. Therefore, peels are recommended to perform in a period of low solar activity from late October to early March.
Иногда к общим противопоказаниям для эксфолиации косметологи и медики относят купероз – сетку расширенных капилляров, которая становится заметна через кожу и выступает на ее поверхность. At the same time, there are some types of peels, for example, retinoic or azelaic, for which rosacea is a direct indication.
Who else can not do peeling
In addition to general prohibitions, which for the most part are temporary, there are still serious contraindications to chemical peeling and hardware exfoliation, which make the procedure impossible.
- persistent allergic reaction of the skin to the ingredients of the peeling agent, abrasive particles or light radiation,
- dark or dark skin: as a result of peeling procedures, the skin of dark-skinned people loses the ability to normal pigmentation,
- pathology of the cardiovascular and circulatory systems
- renal failure
- diseases of the liver and thyroid gland,
- the tendency of the skin to form keloid scar tissue,
- the presence in the area of impact peeling large birthmarks and papillomas,
- oncological diseases,
- symptoms of dermatological diseases: psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis, urticaria, lupus erythematosus, etc.,
Detection of contraindications for exfoliation can be a serious argument in favor of its cancellation. Neglecting bans at best will not achieve the desired aesthetic effect; at worst, it will cause a lot of cosmetic and financial problems. Therefore, on the eve of the peeling procedures, take time to consult with a therapist about individual limitations and general health.