Mulberry differently styled in the people and the scientific world: mulberry, mulberry tree. What is useful mulberry? Are there any special instructions about its use? Let's look for answers to these questions.
Before we talk about how useful mulberry, let's look at its history. For the first time appreciated the taste of this plant, the ancient Persians. Subsequently, from Ancient Persia, the bulk berry spread far beyond the borders of its homeland. It was used as a dessert, as a component of various dishes, as well as for the preparation of healing medicines for various kinds of ailments. The plant is very fond of southern countries and long summer, although now it grows in areas with a temperate, tropical and subtropical climate, where the winter temperature can drop below -30 ° C. It gives good yields in the European part of Russia, it is distributed from the Krasnodar Territory to the Sakhalin Peninsula, throughout Ukraine, in Armenia, Azerbaijan, in European countries, for example, in Romania, Asia and Africa.
The ancient Persian philosopher, naturalist and physician Avicenna dedicated to this berry a separate section in his work, which tells about the ancient Persians' knowledge of healing.
Of course, the ancient connection of this tree with China is known, where the foliage of young mulberry trees is a favorite delicacy of silkworm larvae. Even the name of the insect includes the name - mulberry. It turns out that we have heard many times about this versatile tree. In China, mainly white mulberry is cultivated, from where it spread throughout the world and reached fruit orchards in our country. The history of the cultivation of white mulberries in the provinces of China has about four centuries. Black mulberry originally grew in the southwestern part of Asia, from there it became widespread and feels rather well in our latitudes.
Mulberry is mentioned in the Bible - under the branches of a Palestinian mulberry tree, Jesus Christ was sheltering from the scorching rays of the sun. The life of a mulberry tree is about two centuries, the sacred tree in Palestine is about two thousand years.
Mulberry. Botanical description of the plant
The mulberry tree belongs to heat-loving and light-loving crops, although with the expansion of the habitat it became clear that it was able to withstand frost resistance and the ability to tolerate cold weather down to -30 ° C. Due to this, the plant has spread far beyond the natural boundaries of nature, now it can be found from the place of appearance - the warm countries of Asia - to the Russian north on Sakhalin and even in faraway Australia.
The mulberry tree is a long-lived, the age of individual representatives can reach 200-300 years.
The tree is quite tall, adult plants reach 15–20 meters in height, the crown is wide, mostly spherical.
The fruit of a tree is a multi-peasant or a false drupe, in reality it is a compound. Externally similar to the blackberry known to us. The size of the fruit is small - the size of 1-4 centimeters. There are many varieties of mulberry: black, dark purple, red, pink, white, yellow, the names they received by the color of the fruit, which can be very diverse. The shape of the berry can be in the form of a cylinder, cone, ball. Taste depends on a grade, can be from expressed sugar to sour-sweet. Berries have a subtle pleasant aroma. The tree is very fruitful; in a favorable year, up to 200 kg of ripe berries can be obtained from one. Fruiting has different timeframes depending on the place of cultivation; in our latitudes, individual fruits can be harvested in July, the bulk of the harvest occurs in August.
Not only fruits and foliage have been used, but mulberry wood is also used on the farm. Joiners appreciated the strength, elasticity and stiffness of the mulberry. It is used in construction, crafts, in the manufacture of musical instruments.
What nutrients rich mulberry?
What is useful mulberry? Berries are an indispensable source of vitamins and minerals. Tasty fruits contain ascorbic acid, vitamins A, K, tocopherol, vitamins of group B, organic acids, including malic, microelements: zinc, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, calcium, selenium, iron, potassium, manganese, the optimum concentration of phosphoric acids, intestinal beneficial pectic substances. Mulberry is especially rich in potassium, which is indispensable for strengthening the heart muscle.
A quarter of the mass falls on easily digestible sugars - fructose and glucose.
Silkworm leaves contain carotene, tannins, vitamin C, volatile essential oil, and natural sugars.
The calorie content of mulberry fruits is only 50 kilocalories, it is recommended to include in the diet of people who monitor the energy value of food.
Use of berries
Berries are consumed fresh, get juice, dried, make infusions of them, freeze, preserve, cook compotes, jams, make pastries.
What is useful mulberry? Fresh juice is used as a mild antiseptic, for colds, inflammation of the larynx, nasopharynx, oral cavity. Also, the application is recommended for diseases of the lower respiratory tract: bronchitis, pneumonia, prolonged painful cough, which are accompanied by a deterioration of the general condition, an increase in body temperature. Instead of the usual pharmaceutical preparations and overseas citrus powder preparations, we can use fresh mulberry fruits with a sufficient amount of ascorbic acid.
What is useful mulberry for the body? Infusion and decoctions based on berries help sputum easier to move away from the bronchi, contribute to the normalization of water balance, the withdrawal of excess fluid from the body. During the cold period, broths and fresh berries are very useful, which have a diaphoretic effect, which leads to a decrease in body temperature and the withdrawal of metabolic products from the patient's body. Mulberry is indicated for use in renal failure and the presence of edema.
Mulberries are used by asthmatics as a prophylactic agent, inflammatory processes are reduced with regular use. In the case of accumulation of mucus improve its outflow.
Different degrees of ripeness of the hearth when consumed has the opposite effect on the digestive system. When diarrhea is better to use unripe fruits, and when constipated - overripe.
The healing properties of white mulberry
What is useful white mulberry? It has many healing properties:
- Especially useful in reducing blood hemoglobin.
- Restores the strength of the body during colds. Fruits and leaves of white mulberry are a popular antipyretic in Asian countries.
- Contributes to the normalization of the outflow of bile.
- Normalizes the balance of beneficial intestinal microflora, improves digestion, is used for peptic ulcer disease, stomach ailments and duodenal ulcers.
- The fruits of white mulberry have a beneficial effect on the maintenance of male power.
- Dried and crushed leaves, bark, roots of white mulberry are used as a means for healing wounds and cuts, antipyretic, a remedy for normalizing blood pressure.
The healing properties of black mulberry
What is useful black mulberry? She, like white, has many healing properties:
- It is very effective in all diseases of the digestive tract, such as heartburn.
- Due to the high concentration of potassium ions, the use of black mulberries and preparations based on them is shown to people suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Inclusion in the diet of mulberry reduces heart pain, reduces shortness of breath, strengthens the heart muscle, restores the normal performance of the heart. It is recommended after operations on the heart valve.
- Due to the high iron content, it is used in violation of the work of the blood-forming organs.
- It is shown to patients with a diagnosis of diabetes, the main thing is to take into account the glycemic index, then after use only benefit will remain.
- Black mulberry fruit and decoctions are an excellent diuretic.
What is useful mulberry black for weight loss?
- Due to the low calorie content, it is a dietary product, and you should not get carried away with mulberry-based sweets, use it fresh.
- In some recommendations, nutritionists is an alternative to sugar.
- Due to the diuretic effect will be effective for the normalization of weight, with the use of fresh berries and decoctions the weight will decrease.
- A beneficial effect on the digestive glands, maintains the balance of bacteria in the intestines, which is very important for people who limit the consumption of products.
- Vitamins and minerals will support the body during active physical exertion and colds, your weight loss program will work flawlessly.
What is useful mulberry for pregnant women?
- Struggles with the frequent misfortune of women in anticipation of a child - anemia of pregnant women.
- Contributes to the normalization of outflow of bile, in pregnant women in the second place after appendicitis are complications associated with the gallbladder.
- Supports all organs and systems, including the heart, immune, digestive, they account for large loads when carrying a fetus.
- Helps prevent edema, has a mild diuretic effect.
Eating mulberry children
What is useful mulberry for children? It has a number of useful properties:
- Has a beneficial effect on the immune system, children are less likely to get sick and easier.
- The content of natural sugars provides energy for the development of a child’s body.
- It has a beneficial effect on the entire digestive system, it is used for intestinal disorders and dysbacteriosis - frequent childhood diseases.
- Many children like the taste of fruits, besides mulberry preparations are made by children’s favorite jams, jams, compotes, fruit fillings, oriental bekmes, candied mulberries.
Mulberry: medicinal properties and contraindications.
Mulberry - mulberry tree - is one of the tree crops that have important national economic importance: the leaves are used to feed the silkworm, wood is valued for its texture and durability (in this parameter it is almost as good as oak). Fruits (berries) of mulberry are also valued, which, by the way, have outstanding healing properties. Unfortunately, mulberry fruits are very rarely available in the markets, and even more so in the distribution network (unless frozen), since the berries are completely unsuitable for transportation.
Homeland mulberry tree - China, where the mulberry and became widespread. The mulberry tree belongs to the heat-loving plants, and, although it is able to withstand temperatures down to minus 30 ° C, it feels good only at a certain minimum of positive temperatures. The most favorable regions for the cultivation of mulberries are the Transcaucasus and Central Asia. Mulberry is cultivated in Moldova, as well as in Ukraine, where mulberry can often be found in protective forest belts along the roadsides.
Mulberry does not belong to pharmacopoeial plants, although it has long been used to treat various kinds of diseases. Traditional medicine, in contrast to the scientific, especially appreciates the healing properties of mulberry (berries, leaves, bark of the tree and roots are used).
Two types of mulberry are known: black (Morus nigra) and white (Morus alba).
Preparation of medical raw materials
Mulberry fruits in late June - early August, at this time you can harvest the fruits, which are immediately sent for processing (for example, prepare jam). To dry the berries in a natural way is very problematic, since the yeast fungi that live on the surface of the stems, after a day, cause fermentation. By the way, in Central Asia mulberry vodka is made from fruits.
Mulberry leaves can be harvested during the growing season, and dried under canopies or in attics, the bark of the branches in early spring, at the beginning of sap flow, and the roots - in late autumn, after entering the rest phase. Dried fruits must be stored in hermetically sealed containers, as they are very hygroscopic, and the presence of moisture can lead to damage to the raw materials.
The chemical composition of therapeutic raw materials
Almost all the vitamins necessary for the human body are synthesized in mulberry fruits, and macro- and microelements accumulate, which play an important role in the normal functioning of all organs and systems. According to folk healers, if you eat 1 glass of mulberry berries daily in a season, this will serve as a reliable prevention of kidney and pancreas diseases, and will also increase the protective functions of the body.
The berries of black and white mulberries differ somewhat in chemical composition, for example, black accumulates more iron and organic acids, the coloring pigment of the anthocyanins group is synthesized in them, and white fruits have an increased concentration of carbohydrates.
Pharmacological properties of mulberry
Mulberry black, due to the presence of organic compounds of iron, stimulates the formation of hemoglobin, therefore it is very useful in case of iron deficiency anemia. If anemia is triggered by a deficiency of vitamins of group B, then in this case, the black mulberry berries have a beneficial effect on the hematopoietic function of the body.
Mulberries, regardless of the species, have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. Therefore, their use is useful in cardiovascular diseases.
Mulberry berries stimulate bile secretion and have diuretic properties, as well as help to increase the enzymatic activity of the pancreas.
Ripe fruits have a positive effect on intestinal peristalsis, and have a delicate laxative effect. It is noteworthy that the unripe fruits, due to the increased concentration of tannins, act as opposed to mature berries, and this is successfully used in Georgian traditional medicine - they are recommended for diarrhea.
Mulberry leaves are part of the anti-diabetic fees, and are also used in the treatment of prostate diseases, as they contain a large amount of chromium and zinc.
The bark of the roots promotes expectoration, and also lowers blood pressure, and the bark of the branches (phloem) stimulates tissue regeneration.
- Fresh berry juice. With a cold, bury fresh mulberry juice in the nostrils (2 - 3 drops in 4 - 5 hours). In case of sore throat and colds, you must rinse your mouth with mulberry juice, diluted in half with water.
- Decoction of leaves. Pour half liter of cold water 1 tbsp. dried raw materials, bring to a boil, remove from heat and insist for half an hour. Therapeutic decoction is recommended as an expectorant for respiratory diseases (bronchitis, etc.) - take 50 ml before meals. And also to use before bedtime for edema of cardiac and renal origin. Outwardly, it can be used in the form of compresses for the treatment of wounds and burns.
- Broth bark branches. 250 ml of water - 1 tsp. crushed bark. Boil a quarter of an hour, insist 1 hour. Take, like a decoction of leaves, 50 ml up to 4 times a day. Broth bark has diuretic and expectorant properties.
- Infusion of fruits. On a glass of boiling water - 2 tbsp. dry berries, insist 4 hours. The tool is prescribed as a diuretic and diaphoretic in the treatment of colds. Take up to 4 times a day, 50 ml.
- Infusion of leaves. On a glass of boiled water - 1 tbsp. mulberry leaves. After 2 hours, drain. At a temperature, take 50 ml several times a day.
- Anti-diabetic fee. The composition includes an equal proportion of mulberry leaves, bean pods, corn silk and blueberries. Components thoroughly chop and mix. For cooking means you need to take 1 tbsp. herbal mixture in 250 ml of boiling water, boil for 1 - 2 minutes and remove from heat. After 2 hours of infusion, strain. Infusion drink for 2 - 3 times during the day. Treatment should be continued until sugar levels return to normal.
- Ointment. For the treatment of traumatic skin lesions (burns, cuts, suppurations), as well as skin diseases (eczema, dermatitis, etc.), medical ointment prepared on the basis of mulberry bark can be used. Grind in a coffee grinder 2 tbsp. bark, pour vegetable oil (100 ml), mix thoroughly until a homogeneous consistency (if necessary, add a little bark powder) and put in a refrigerator. Treat the affected skin areas 4-5 times a day.
Mulberry useful properties
Juice from mulberry fruits (fresh or canned) helps with aching chest pain and shortness of breath. For medicinal purposes, juice from mulberries is drunk for 3 weeks. Surprisingly, in this short time the heart can fully recover.
Freshly squeezed mulberry juice has all the beneficial properties of the berries themselves. It is effective in the treatment of respiratory diseases, tonsillitis and sore throat, helps to cope with prolonged cough, pneumonia and bronchitis.
Среди перечисленных полезных свойств шелковицы следует отметить ее способность разжижать и выводить мокроту из организма.
Плоды тутового дерева помогут школьникам, студентам и работникам умственного труда. Ведь содержащийся в ягодах тутовника фосфор активизирует мыслительные процессы.
Шелковица снимает отечность при беременности либо вызванную нарушением работы почек, являются желчегонным и мочегонным средством. For these purposes, the fruits are eaten before bedtime, because it is at night that the tissues of our body overflow with fluid.
Differences of black and white berries
What is the difference between black mulberries and whites? For taste, nothing. But ripeness matters. Immature fruits fix intestines, therefore they are used for diarrhea. Overripe fruits, on the contrary, activate peristalsis and act as a laxative.
For the treatment of prostatitis and the normalization of erection, men can recommend the intake of white mulberry with honey (1 kg of berries per 200 g of honey). Mix the mixture with a wooden spoon and place in a glass container. Take this folk remedy before bedtime (for dessert spoon).
To prepare a healing drink, the fruits are mixed with sugar and poured with warm water. This home remedy will help reduce fever, quench thirst and increase perspiration. Perfectly replaces raspberry with its wonderful antipyretic properties.
In case of sore throat, gargles from fresh juice of mulberry berries, half diluted with warm water, are used. Undiluted juice is instilled into the nose with a cold in a few drops up to 6 times a day.
Prepare a mulberry for the winter, you can, boiling down the berries to the density of kefir without sugar. The finished syrup is cooled and poured into sterile glass containers.
This tool well protects the body from infections, relieves fever and strengthens the immune system. And if every morning to drink a spoon of syrup on an empty stomach, you will not be afraid of any cold.
The high content of riboflavin (vitamin B2) helps patients with type II diabetes to reduce blood sugar levels. However, the beneficial properties of mulberry are powerless with other varieties of this serious disease.
In the treatment of using all parts of the mulberry tree: buds, leaves, young shoots, flowers, bark, fruits and roots. But you should not be limited to one mulberry, it is usually combined with other therapies recommended by experts.
Mulberry leaves decoction
Dried and crushed mulberry leaves are used for decoction. They can be prepared in advance. A pinch of leaves (approximately dessert spoon) is placed in a saucepan and filled with water in a volume of 0.5 l. The liquid is brought to a boil and allowed to rest for half an hour for a broth, then filtered and taken in the form of heat.
This recipe of traditional medicine can be used:
- as an expectorant,
- as a diuretic
- for disinfecting wounds and cuts.
For relief from morning edema, a decoction of mulberry leaves is taken at bedtime. Wounds will heal without the formation of ugly scars, if they are regularly washed with this healing liquid.
As an expectorant, mulberry broth is drunk before each meal (15 minutes) to 50 g.
What is useful mulberry bark?
Broths, infusions and special medical ointment are prepared from the bark. Ointment treats purulent wounds, burns and ulcers, dermatitis, eczema and psoriasis.
To prepare the ointment, a small amount of crushed bark (2 lb.) is mixed with boiled sunflower oil (100 ml) and infused in the refrigerator for three days. Then the ointment is again mixed. After that, it is ready for use.
Ointment from the bark of a mulberry tree is treated with diseased areas 4 times a day. It can also be used to eliminate acne: applied to the face and back after each swim.
And a few words about contraindications to treatment with mulberry. There are not so many of them:
- individual intolerance,
- tendency to diarrhea.
Fruits of a mulberry are used in a fresh and dried look. They are boiled drinks, make juice, marshmallow, jam and put as a filling in the pies. From mulberry it turns out very tasty filling for dumplings. Dried berries are useful to give children instead of candy.
Mulberry - useful properties
Mulberry is a mulberry tree that is widely distributed throughout many countries of the world. The most cultivated species are white and black mulberry. Let us consider in more detail what are the beneficial properties of the mulberry tree.
The chemical composition of mulberry
The following substances were found in the composition of mulberries: sugars (mono- and disaccharides), organic acids (malic, citric, succinic), pectin, sterols, tannins, flavonoids, vitamins A, B, PP and C, beta-carotene, trace elements (potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium, iron), etc.
Mulberry leaves have the following substances in their composition: flavonoids (in particular, rutin, hyperozide and quercetin), tannins, coumarins, organic acids, resins, essential oils, sterols, etc.
Useful properties and contraindications of mulberry
All parts of white and black mulberry have useful properties - fruits, leaves, bark, roots, buds. They are used to make decoctions, tinctures, ointments, alcohol tinctures. Berries are eaten fresh and dried (dried mulberry retains all the beneficial properties), also for healing purposes, use the juice of berries and mulberry roots. The main beneficial properties of mulberry raw materials are as follows:
- antioxidant, etc.
It should be borne in mind that excessive consumption of mulberry can cause disorders of the digestive system, and people with diabetes and hypertension before using it should consult a doctor.
Useful properties of mulberries
The juice of white mulberries is an excellent remedy for colds. Using it in 100 ml every 3 hours can alleviate the condition of the patient, normalize body temperature, strengthen the immune system.
Ripe black mulberries are used in food poisoning as a disinfectant, overripe as a laxative, and unripe as a remedy for heartburn.
Eating 2-3 hours before bedtime a glass of ripe black or white mulberry berries with a spoon of honey can strengthen the nervous system, get rid of insomnia and a stressful state.
In case of iron deficiency anemia, it is recommended to take 100 g daily of mulberry berries wiped with honey, mixed with 200 g of fresh apple puree.
Infusion of black mulberry berries (2 tablespoons of crushed berries per 200 g of boiling water) can rinse the mouth with stomatitis, periodontal disease, ulcers and throat diseases.
Mulberries are useful to include in the diet when:
- dystrophic processes in the heart muscle,
- heart disease.
The beneficial properties of mulberry leaves
From the dried leaves of the mulberry prepare the broth according to this recipe:
- Take a tablespoon of crushed leaves.
- Pour half a liter of water and bring to a boil.
- Insist half an hour strain.
The resulting tool is recommended to use:
- as an expectorant for bronchitis and pneumonia (50 ml before meals three times a day),
- to prevent puffiness (drink a few hours before bedtime),
- for washing wounds.
Useful properties of mulberry root
To normalize blood pressure and the functioning of the circulatory system, it is recommended to take a decoction of mulberry root, prepared according to this recipe:
- Crush 50 g of raw materials and pour them with a liter of hot water.
- After an hour, put on a low fire for 15 minutes.
- Cool, strain through cheesecloth.
- Take a third of a cup three times a day (you can add honey to taste).
Useful properties of mulberry in diabetes
Mulberry is a natural remedy that helps reduce blood sugar levels in type II diabetes. Especially useful white mulberry, from the bark, roots, leaves and fruits of which prepare teas and infusions, is used as an additive to the food in milled form. Ointment for diabetes mellitus is also prepared from the bark by mixing the ground raw material with vegetable oil.
Analyzing the composition that is so rich in nutrients, you understand that mulberry is a powerful natural remedy for enhancing immunity. Juice berries has anti-inflammatory action, it can be used for prevention and for the treatment of infectious and colds. Berry mulberry has a mild diuretic and laxative effect. It is important for people who suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys. For weight loss and removal of toxins from the body you buy fashionable, advertised products for a lot of money. At the same time, mulberry fruits are available, equally effective and have no side effects.
Mulberry will help those who suffer from diseases of the central nervous system. Instead of expensive and not always safe antidepressants, it can be used as a cure for stress, nervous shocks, depressions and other disorders that are increasingly occurring in residents of modern megalopolises. Eating a handful of mulberries for the night is recommended for those who suffer from insomnia - until the morning you will sleep like a baby. With mental and physical fatigue, the benefits and effectiveness of mulberry have been proven for a long time. For those who are used to counting calories, good news too. 100 g of berries, only 50 kilocalories.
Not only berries, but also leaves, bark and roots of mulberry can be used to fight disease.
Useful properties of leaves
Mulberry leaves decoctions are used in the treatment of bronchitis and pneumonia. With angina, you can gargle with a decoction throat. Mulberry leaves infusion is used to lower blood sugar in diabetes. Traditional healers advise patients with diabetes to sprinkle with chopped dried porridge leaves. A good effect is the treatment of infusions, ointments and decoctions of mulberry leaves in the treatment of eczema, rheumatism and cutaneous tuberculosis. They relieve headaches, swelling and paralysis of motor nerves.
Useful properties of bark and roots of mulberry
Infusion of the roots and bark of folk medicine recommends drinking for people who suffer from asthma, inflammation of the respiratory tract and hypertension.
Gorgeous with wounds and bruises struggling ointment from the bark of mulberry. The bark is dried and ground into powder. Mix 2 tablespoons of powder with 750 g of vegetable oil and mix until smooth. Miraculous ointment is ready.
Healing properties of black mulberry
Black mulberries "specialize" in treating the stomach. Benefit depends on the stage of maturation.
- Undamaged berries will help relieve heartburn attack.
- Ripe fruits are incredibly effective for poisoning and are used as a natural disinfectant.
- Overripe berries act as a laxative and diuretic. It is on these properties should pay attention to those who are unhappy with their weight.
Benefits and healing properties of white mulberry
White mulberry is an effective anti-inflammatory agent and helps to overcome a cold. Especially noticeable benefits of juice from fresh berries. It is enough to drink 100 ml of juice every three hours to bring the heat down during the day and stop the inflammatory process. Doctors in this case fully agree with traditional healers. Laboratory studies have shown that white mulberry is rich in potassium and vitamin C.
If we are talking about treating colds, the question arises about how to store berries in the winter. Mulberry fruits in the form of jam or compote are tasty, but much of the vitamins are lost.
Dried mulberries preserve all the beneficial properties of fresh berries. But to dry the fruit should not be in the oven, and under the sun. Do not lose vitamins and in the process of freezing. If from the dried berries you can make a decoction or infusion, then thawed are quite suitable for making juice.
Mulberry - contraindications
Despite the fact that mulberry can help with hypertension and diabetes, it is impossible to get involved in eating berries to people who suffer from these diseases. In reasonable quantities, the fruit will be a medicine, but in large quantities, especially in diabetes, will bring harm.
Contraindications include those who are prone to allergies. Mulberry is a strong allergen. Starting to eat berries should be gradually and in small portions. If you notice discomfort, discard the mulberry.
Mulberry has contraindications, although they can be called restrictions, and with respect to use. It can not be mixed with other products. On an empty stomach is also very undesirable.
You can easily wash a bucket or a medium-sized bowl of mulberry, the berries are sweet and juicy. But it is fraught with indigestion. Do not forget that it is a natural laxative. It is not recommended to drink berries with cold water, otherwise bloating and discomfort cannot be avoided.
There are about 400 varieties of mulberry. According to the color of the berries, there is a division into three main categories: white, red and black mulberry. Ornamental varieties that differ in small height or grow as a bush are derived. Hybrid varieties with large berries are more adapted to the southern regions. Choosing varieties of mulberry, first of all you need to find out whether the tree will be comfortable in the climatic conditions of your region.
If you are interested in cold-resistant varieties, pay attention to "White Honey", "Dark-skinned", "Black Baroness" and "Ukrainian-6".
But at once it is worth noting that in hybrid varieties with large berries, the healing properties are weaker. The fewer selections a mulberry has passed, the higher its health benefits.
Mulberry can grow from seed or seedlings. It is easier to buy seedlings, but if you have tried berries, the taste of which you really liked, with some effort you can get some strong seedlings from seeds. Another argument for seed propagation is that the transfer is difficult for the mulberry to grow. The probability that the seedling will not take root, is very high. Experienced gardeners recommend seed propagation.
How to grow mulberry from seed?
Seeds can be planted in the ground in spring or autumn, in October. It is easy to get the seeds, the berries are crushed and poured with water. Seeds will settle to the bottom of the tank. For long-term storage, seeds should be dried well.
Before planting, the seeds should be soaked for 24 hours in cold water, the second day - in water with a temperature of 30-35 ° C. Landing site should not be shaded. The grooves for the seeds need to be dug to a depth of 3-5 cm, the bottom is generously watered with water with the addition of fertilizer for fruit and berry crops. Too thick seeds do not sow, despite the small size. Then it will be much easier to plant seedlings. After covering the seeds with soil, again pour abundantly and grumble the bed. If sowing takes place in the fall, take care of additional weatherization.
Further care of the seedlings consists of weeding, watering and fertilizing fertilizers to improve growth. If done correctly, by the fall your seedlings will be large. Seedlings need to be planted at a distance of 3-5 meters, it all depends on the variety of mulberry. Fruiting tree will begin in 4 years. But in this regard, a lot depends on the type and care.
Botanical characteristics of mulberry
Mulberry is a mulberry plant, deciduous tree with alternate, simple, lobed, serrated leaves on the edge. Flowers sessile, with ears in the form of sinuses, resemble blackberries. Flowers appear in May and June, they are barely noticeable in dense foliage. The fruit is complex, fleshy, white, red or dark purple in color, has a pleasant, fragrant smell and sweet taste. Mulberry is the birthplace of Persia. Different types of mulberry are distributed in Asia, Africa, North America, Russia, on Sakhalin.
The plant can be seen on the island of Moneron, on the Kuril Islands, in Belarus, Ukraine, Armenia, Moldova, European countries. In the first years of life, the tree grows very quickly, as it grows, growth slows down, the height of an adult plant is from 10 to 15 meters. White mulberry leaves are most often used to feed the silkworm larvae. In the south of Russia, in Ukraine, two types of mulberry are cultivated - white and black. Wood is a valuable material: due to its high strength, elasticity, lightness of wood, it is suitable for the production of musical instruments, used in cooperage and carpentry crafts.
Useful properties of mulberry
The mature fruits of mulberry contain a plant antioxidant, resveratrol. This substance protects the plant from various types of parasites, bacteria, fungi. The fruits consist of 85 g of water, they have ash, fats, carbohydrates, dietary fiber. Rich in berries and vitamins A, B1, K, PP, B3. Present are riboflavin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid, tocopherol, ascorbic acid, choline. Excellent healing qualities of the plant are determined by the presence of macronutrients - potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus.
The biochemical processes of the body are normalized due to the trace elements assimilated by the use of tasty and healthy berries, such as iron, manganese, copper, zinc, selenium. The seeds of the plant found fatty oil. Although the fruits of mulberry are sweet in taste, it can be an excellent ingredient in the diet for those who want to become slim. The calorie content of mulberry is about 49 kcal per 100 g. For treatment, all parts of the tree are used - roots, bark, leaves and fruits. Mulberry raw materials are an excellent natural antiseptic that can be used as an anti-inflammatory, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, astringent.
Mulberry has several advantages. It is used in the production of sugar, citric acid and vinegar. В народной медицине это уникальное растение может приносить ощутимую пользу при лечении многих заболеваний. Ягоды, полностью созревшие, являются отличным слабительным, подходят при запорах. Зеленые плоды применяют при диарее. Сок, разбавленный кипяченой водой, применяют для полосканий полости рта при заболеваниях горла. Настой из коры и ягод шелковицы эффективен при ОРЗ, бронхитах, бронхиальной астме.
As a diuretic, decoctions of the cortex and roots are used for hypertension. Leaves insist and take infusions with fever to reduce the temperature. It is recommended to use berries in large quantities for heart disease and myocardial dystrophy - 300 g 4 times a day for a month is enough to eliminate the symptoms of such serious diseases. The healing powder is made from the bark, if it is mixed with oil, you get a tool for healing wounds, cuts, ulcers. This ointment quickly removes bruises.
Recipe ointment: 750 grams of vegetable oil and 2 tablespoons of powder from the bark or root of black mulberry mix until smooth.
A decoction of mulberry branches: 3-4 pieces of young branches, cut 2-3 cm and dried in the shade, poured with two glasses of water, boiled for 10 minutes, insist 2 hours and take 1/4 cup per day, dividing into equal portions. The course of treatment - from 3 to 4 weeks, a break - 2 weeks.
Mulberries are tender, unsuitable for long-term fresh storage. They differ in color. Red mulberry from North America has a strong aroma and sweet-sour taste. It is useful for cleansing the blood, in diseases of the liver. The black mulberry is also endowed with a magnificent attractive aroma and the same taste. White mulberries, whose homeland is East Asia, are characterized by a weaker odor concentration and sweet taste.
Berries are well taken in diseases of the nervous system. Juicy, fleshy mulberry is used to make compotes, jams. Fruits are consumed fresh, dried, and preserved in biliary dyskinesia, edema that occurs in heart and kidney problems, for the prevention of beriberi, and in inflammatory processes of various origins.
Tincture of berries: it is necessary to knead 2 tablespoons of berries, pour 250 grams of boiling water, insist 4 hours, strain. It is recommended to accept means 4 times a day on 1/2 glasses.
Silk berry stimulates metabolic processes and promotes tissue regeneration in case of eye and skin problems. Fresh berries are useful for atherosclerosis, ischemic disease, arrhythmia, tachycardia.
Mulberry is easily grown, unpretentiousness allows you to plant it on any soil. The plant loves moderate watering and soil mulching. The tree tolerates pruning, this leads to the fact that the crown becomes more dense and spherical in shape. In winter, no shelter is required, the mulberry stands firmly in the cold. In the summer, it calmly withstands drought. Mulberry propagates by cutting, seed or separation of offspring from the parent plant.
Mulberry leaves are a favorite delicacy of the silkworm-mulberry, an excellent raw material for decoctions and infusions recommended for gastrointestinal problems, inflammation of the lungs and bronchi. They are used for gargling. Mulberry leaves tincture is used to lower blood sugar in diabetics, to lower blood pressure.
Infusion of leaves and fruits: 2 tablespoons of leaves and pounded mulberries need to pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for 4-5 hours. 60 grams of tincture should be taken with mild diabetes 3-4 times a day before or after meals.
Useful products are obtained from the leaves of mulberry, the treatment of which is indicated for rheumatism, cutaneous tuberculosis, eczema.
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Mulberry roots can be used to treat various pathologies of organs and dysfunction of the human body systems.
Infusion of the bark of the roots: one teaspoon of raw materials must be steamed for two hours in one glass of boiled water. After this, the infusion should be filtered and taken orally one tablespoon 3 times a day for bronchial asthma, bronchitis, hypertension. This infusion eliminates pain in the stomach and intestines.
Mulberries are grown with the help of seeds in order to obtain stocks and for breeding purposes. Usually use white mulberry seeds. Seeds are isolated by grinding the fruit in water: they settle to the bottom. They are then washed several times and dried. You can also crush the berries on paper, the flesh dries, the seeds are scraped off. Seeds are sown in early spring in sunny areas, previously stratified or soaked in water for several days.
Depth for sowing should be 0.5–1 cm. The landing site is covered with a film before the first shoots. Seedlings need to be watered frequently or sprayed with a spray bottle. When they are stronger, fertilizer nitre is applied around mid-July. Only biennial seedlings can be transplanted to their permanent place.
Black mulberry is used to prepare a syrup that has an anti-inflammatory effect in pharyngitis, stomatitis, laryngitis. It can be used to treat lichens. It has astringent and sedative properties. Its hemostatic properties help with postpartum and uterine bleeding. This syrup strengthens the body with urticaria and scarlet fever.
Syrup recipe: Mulberry berries juice is evaporated to about one-third volume to a thick syrup consistency.
After squeezing the juice, the formed pulp is left to ferment. The resulting mass is used to treat joints and neuralgia, applying externally.
Mulberry bark has the ability to reduce inflammation, helps with dysentery. Acceptance of decoction is recommended for tumors in the oral cavity. The bark is harvested during the period of swelling of the kidneys, at this time there is an intensive movement of juices. Cut raw materials are dried for two days in the sun, dried in the shade and stored in cotton bags.
Bark infusion: 1 teaspoon of crushed root bark should be scalded with boiling water and taken a tablespoon three times a day for patients with bronchitis, asthma and hypertension.
Sweet and slightly sourish white mulberries are an excellent diet product with a low calorie content. Leaves, fruits, bark in a dry form can be used for infusions and decoctions, after drying all useful properties are preserved. From the leaves is obtained fortified tea, the action of which is useful for epilepsy.
White mulberry has a beneficial effect on the heart, liver.
Black mulberry is cultivated in Ukraine and in the southern regions of Russia as a fruit tree. There is this type of mulberry from Iran, Afghanistan, India, where the beneficial properties of this plant have long been known. Black mulberry is also cultivated in order to use it as food for silkworm larvae. Fragrant fruit juice quenches thirst, increases sweating during colds.
The use of mulberry in recipes of traditional medicine: the benefits and harm
Mulberry, he is a mulberry tree, as well as the "king-berry" - a tree that reaches 20 meters in height - is widely used in traditional medicine recipes. All parts of this plant have medicinal properties: bark, rhizomes, young buds, leaves and fruits. Tinctures, decoctions and ointments made from the components of mulberry are invaluable for our body. But do not forget that the use of mulberry for medicinal purposes has contraindications. It is necessary to familiarize yourself with them in advance so as not to harm your body.
Mulberry - the "tree of life": what useful properties are hidden in it
Mulberry is popularly called the "Tree of Life" for its beneficial properties.
Berries help cleanse the blood, restore metabolism, eliminate sputum, are used to treat diabetes, diseases of the bile ducts, atherosclerosis. The juice from the berries helps in the treatment of angina, pneumonia, bronchitis. Black fruits are used in cooking, preparing all kinds of fillings for pies, desserts, jam, tasty wine. Dry berries are used as a natural sugar substitute, and frozen berries are used as a basis for compotes.
The bark of the mulberry tree has wound-healing and disinfecting properties, it is used for heart, lung and kidney diseases.
The leaves are used to prevent diabetes, relieve headaches, and treat heat. A decoction of leaves perfectly softens the hair.
Mulberry root helps with hypertension and the treatment of pathologies of various organs. Also used in folk medicine for the treatment of worms.
Agree that this is a godsend for our body, not every plant can boast of its versatility in use.
Mulberry - unpretentious in growing, it easily tolerates frosts in winter and in summer - heat
The composition of mulberry
Mulberry or mulberry fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals. Below are only the main useful components:
- folic acid,
- vitamins C, B1, B2, B3, PP, K,
- iron salts,
- essential oils,
Contraindications to the use of mulberry
It is not recommended to drink cold water after taking fresh mulberry fruits - it can cause an upset stomach, bloating. Diabetics and hypertensive patients can not eat berries in large quantities due to the fact that the blood sugar level and blood pressure can rise.
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
Mulberry harvesting for use in traditional medicine
The bark is harvested in spring, the fruits of the plant are in July and August, and the roots are harvested in autumn. Raw materials are thoroughly healed in the sun for three days, then dried in a room that needs to be ventilated during drying. In order for the raw material to dry well, it must be periodically mixed. Blanks can be stored in a rag bag: the bark is for 2–3 years, the buds are 1 year old, and the fruits and leaves are from one and a half to two years.
Mulberry fruits are not suitable for long-term fresh storage, this berry is very sweet and juicy in taste, it contains a lot of sugars and few acids. A food dye is made from mulberry berries.
With hypertension and heart disease
- 200 g of crushed mulberry roots,
- 4 liters of cold water.
Put the roots in an enamel saucepan, add water and leave for an hour. Boil for 15 minutes. Cool and refrigerate. Drink 1/3 cup 3 times a day for three days, then take a three-day break. Repeat the treatment 2-4 times.
Mulberry branches for headache
- a handful of chopped mulberry twigs,
- 1 liter of boiling water.
Pour boiling water on the branches and cook for 10 minutes, let stand for 1 hour. Drink three times a day in one glass. Course - 2 months.
All parts of the mulberry tree are used: root, bark, branches and berries.
Universal expectorant, diuretic and edema remedy (decoction)
- 1 dessert spoon of dried mulberry leaves, pre-ground,
- 500 ml of water.
Leaves pour water, bring to a boil, remove from heat. Let it brew for half an hour. Take in the warm form of 50, from edema drink half a cup at night. You can wipe the wounds with this decoction.
Tincture of berries with heart and kidney problems
- 2 tbsp. l mulberry berries,
- 250 ml of boiling water.
Mash berries, pour boiling water, insist four hours. Strain, take half a cup four times a day.
Tincture of the berries well will help with various problems
- 1 kg of fresh or 0.5 kg of dried mulberries,
- 0.5 liters of water
- 300 g of honey.
Boil on low heat for half an hour, pour the infusion into another saucepan. Add another 0.5 liters of water to the remaining mixture and boil for 30 minutes. Pour the mass into the first saucepan (where the infusion is), grind through a sieve, add honey for viscosity. Bring to a boil again, cool and put in a glass container. Drink 1 tsp. three times a day, only in the afternoon.
With prostatitis and impotence (also with menopause in women)
- 1 kg of grated white mulberry berries,
- 250 g of honey.
Take 3 tsp. three times in the afternoon. Drug stored in the refrigerator.
Antimicrobial properties of honey are used in the treatment of the genitourinary system
Useful recipes for type 2 diabetes
- 1 tbsp. l with a pile of dried white mulberries,
- 200 ml of boiling water.
Dry berries pour boiling water and cook for five minutes, hermetically close. Insist to a warm state and drain. Drink 1/2 cup in the morning and evening before meals.
- 2 tbsp. l young mulberry shoots (chopped),
- 200 ml of boiling water.
Shoots pour water, bring to a boil, insist to a warm state. Drink 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals.
- 2 tbsp. l white mulberry leaves,
- 0.5 liters of boiling water.
In heat-resistant dishes, brew the leaves for two hours. Take half a glass three times a day before meals. The tool lowers blood sugar levels.
- mulberry root (whole),
- 1 liter of water.
Root fill with water, boil for 10-15 minutes. Drink 0.5 liters of broth during the day.
Bekmes (doshab) from white mulberry fruit
Fruits of a white mulberry are carefully washed, put in a canvas bag, pressed. The resulting juice is filtered and boiled to decrease in size by 3 times, stirring and removing the foam. If the foaming goes to the center of the dishes and large bubbles, then the doshab is ready. Mulberry doshab helps to normalize the work of the digestive tract, eliminates a strong cough.
From the mulberry you can make not only delicious, but also very useful doshab
Acne Lotion Based on Dried Bark
- 2 tbsp. l crushed mulberry bark,
- 500 ml of boiling water.
Insist and strain. Put in the fridge for storage. The lotion is applied on a cotton pad and wipe the skin of the face. If you mix the crushed bark of mulberry with vegetable oil (2 tbsp. L. / 100 ml), you get acne ointment. It can be applied to problem areas of the skin as a mask, 4 times a day.
White mulberry has an amazing rich composition, which includes tannins, essential oils, natural sugars (fructose), flavonoids, resins, amino acids, coumarins, pectins, organic acids, zinc, iron, potassium, magnesium, calcium, selenium, vitamins A, PP, C, group B. The caloric value of 100 grams of sweet berries is about 50 kilocalories.
Although white mulberries are very beneficial, in some cases they can be harmful. First, the berries contain a lot of fructose, which can cause an increase in blood sugar levels in diabetics. Secondly, the mulberry is able to increase blood pressure, which is dangerous in hypertension. Thirdly, fruits can cause undesirable reactions in the form of an allergy. Do not forget about individual hypersensitivity.
When eating mulberry should respect the measure. It is recommended to eat a maximum of 200 grams of mulberry. If this volume is exceeded, digestive disorders are possible: rumbling in the stomach, bloating, diarrhea, flatulence.
Contraindications to the use of berries
What is useful mulberry? Black and white berries have a lot of useful properties, but there are some contraindications:
- Individual intolerance due to the presence of anthocyanin quercetin.
- Do not eat sour and immature fruits to avoid digestive problems.
- Use with caution to patients with diabetes mellitus, take into account the glycemic index.
- Do not eat fruits from trees that grow along highways and in areas with increased radioactive radiation.
- Do not use in combination with other fruits, there may be a strong fermentation reaction.
The composition and calorie content of white mulberry
Despite the low energy value of white mulberry, its berries contain a considerable amount of minerals and vitamins necessary for the human body.
The calorie content of white mulberry is 43 kcal per 100 g of product, of which:
- Protein - 1.44 g,
- Fat - 0.39 g,
- Carbohydrates - 9.8 g,
- Dietary fiber - 1.7 g,
- Water - 86.78 g,
- Ash - 0.69 g.
Vitamins in the composition of white mulberry per 100 g:
- Vitamin A - 25 mcg,
- Vitamin B1, thiamine - 0,029 mg,
- Vitamin B2, riboflavin - 0,101 mg,
- Vitamin B3, Niacin - 0.62 mg,
- Vitamin B4, choline - 12.3 mg,
- Vitamin B9, folate - 6 micrograms,
- Vitamin C, ascorbic acid - 36.4 mg,
- Vitamin E, alpha tocopherol - 0.87 mg,
- Vitamin K - 7.8 mcg,
- Lutein + Zeaxanthin - 136 mcg.
Macro elements per 100 g:
- Potassium, K - 194 mg,
- Calcium - 39 mg,
- Magnesium, Mg - 18 mg,
- Sodium, Na - 10 mg,
- Phosphorus, P - 38 mg.
Trace elements per 100 g:
- Iron, Fe - 1.85 mg,
- Copper, Cu - 0.6 mg,
- Selenium, Se - 0.6 mcg,
- Zinc, Zn - 0.12 mg.
The fruits of this berry contain a large amount of sugars - from 12 to 23%, represented mainly by monosaccharides. This product is rich in nitrogenous substances, phosphoric acids, flavonoids, carotene, pectin, organic acids (malic and citric), as well as tannins.
Useful properties of white mulberry
The berries of white mulberry contain many nutrients, which makes them a good remedy for the treatment and prevention of many diseases. To this end, use fresh fruits, juices, decoctions and infusions made from this product.
The benefits of white mulberry:
- Prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Thanks to potassium, iron and magnesium, these berries are recommended for patients with heart disease and myocardiodystrophy. Регулярное потребление шелковицы белой поможет уменьшить одышку, сердечные боли, уровень холестерина, а также нормализовать работу этого важного органа.
Улучшает работу органов ЖКТ. Свежие недозревшие ягоды и водный настой из них нужно употреблять при диареи.But ripe fruits act as a laxative, they will help in the presence of constipation. In addition, this product is useful for hypokalemia. It is recommended to eat white mulberry and stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers.
Beneficial effect on cancer. Berries contain polyphenols, antioxidants and anthocyanins, which have a prophylactic effect against malignant tumors.
Struggling with nervous breakdowns. This useful property of white mulberry is observed due to the already mentioned substances in its composition, namely vitamins of group B. Berry consumption improves sleep, increases efficiency, and also treats neurological diseases.
Reduces blood pressure. Thanks to vitamins and minerals in the composition of these berries, and especially polyphenol resveratrol, mulberry minimizes the likelihood of stroke and strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
Strengthens the immune system. Vitamins A, E and C in the composition of the fruit have the ability to replenish vitamins in the body and improve health. It is useful to use them suffering from anemia and dysbiosis.
Good for the eyes. The vitamins contained, and especially carotene, in the fruits under consideration protect the organs of vision from ultraviolet rays, as well as improve eyesight.
Liver disease prevention. Due to its choleretic effect, white mulberry is recommended for consumption in biliary dyskinesia.
Treats inflammatory and infectious diseases. These berries contain the antibiotic dioxylogyrimicin, which acts as an anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic and antiparasitic, therefore, it is necessary to eat mulberry for the mentioned health problems.
Prevention of pneumonia, bronchitis and bronchial asthma. For prophylactic treatment for these ailments, it is recommended to take white mulberry juice and infusion. These agents will increase the dilution and sputum separation.
Useful for kidney disease.. These berries, speaking natural diuretic, remove excess fluid from the body.
Helps with type 2 diabetes. White mulberry has in its composition such chemical elements that control the level of insulin in the blood and slow down the breakdown of sugar in the intestine, and as a result it penetrates the blood slowly, therefore, it is advised to include these berries in the diet.
Rejuvenates the body. White mulberry has the ability to cleanse the body of free radicals, thereby preventing the aging of the body and the development of arthritis and arthrosis.
Normalizes metabolism. Regular consumption of mulberries will help to cope with obesity.
Recipes dishes with mulberry white
Excellent sweet taste and pleasant aroma make white mulberry a very popular berry, which is known and eaten willingly in many corners of the world. Various desserts, jams, jams, compotes, wines and tinctures, fruit and berry salads, pastries - this is not the whole list of culinary delights, where one of the components are these berries.
Recipes with mulberry white delicious dishes:
- Dessert "The Magic of Tenderness". Rub in hands with crumb 1 piece of shortbread biscuits and lay out on the bottom of the bowl. From above we spread 70 g of cottage cheese cream. Suitable for our recipe and strawberry, and children's cottage cheese dessert. Wash 50 g of white mulberries and put on a lot of cottage cheese. Now we will work with a blender. Beat 50 g of washed fruits, 70 g of cottage cheese cream and vanillin (to taste). Add 1 teaspoon of honey. And spread the resulting mass on the berries. Once again we need to work with a blender: beat 70 ml of heavy cream. Cut up 1 piece of shortbread biscuit and pour it into a bowl, top it with cream mixture. Our dessert is ready! It can be decorated with berries and mint leaves.
Coffee manna with white mulberry on kefir. First you need to mix 1.5 cups of kefir, 1 cup of semolina, 0.5 cups of sugar and 1 egg and leave to infuse for 1 hour. Then add 2 teaspoons of baking powder and mix well. After that, pour into the dough 1-2 tablespoons of instant coffee and mix again to dissolve the lumps. We wash 1 glass of white mulberry, cut off the tails and put in the dough, mix it again and put the crock-pot in the bowl. We bake for 1 hour, then remove, turn over and bake for 10 minutes to make the product turn brown. Good appetite!
Strawberry and White Mulberry Smoothies. Wash 150 g each of strawberries and white mulberries. Grind them in a blender. Add 1-2 tablespoons of sugar, 75 g of ice cream and 2-3 tablespoons of water. All components are thoroughly mixed, whisk, and the dish is ready. Such a sweet-sour dessert is perfect for the table in hot weather.
White Mulberry Milkshake. Wash 1.5 cups of white mulberry and beat with 1 tablespoon of honey and 2 tablespoons of sugar in a blender. Gradually add 150 grams of ice cream and continue beating. The last component is 1 glass of milk, pour it into the prepared mass and mix well.
Mulberry White Wine. Wash 1 kg of berries and leave them to dry for 24 hours. Squeeze the juice and add the same amount of water. For each liter of diluted juice, add 5 g ground cinnamon and 150 g sugar. Pour the product into the jar and leave to ferment for 5-6 days. We filter and pour in 1 liter of wine with 1 liter of fortified white wine and leave for 2 weeks. Add sugar to taste, spill and cork.
Mulberry Compote. Wash 300 g of white mulberry and strain it in a colander. We put the berries in heated jars, pour syrup prepared from 650 ml of water, 350 g of sugar and 1 g of citric acid. Banks with a capacity of 0.5 liters are sterilized for 10-25 minutes, depending on the temperature, corked and wrapped until cool.
White Mulberry Jam. We wash 1 kg of berries, pour them 1 kg of sugar and leave for 6-8 hours. After this time, put the jam on the fire, bring to a boil and cook for 5-10 minutes. Remove from heat, let the product cool and ship again to the stove, continue the cooking process: bring to a boil and cook for 5-10 minutes. And so you need to do 5-6 times. Ready jam has a thickness of good sour cream. Add 2-3 g of citric acid to it. Sterilize the jars, fill them with product and cork.
Interesting facts about white mulberry
The inhabitants of the East call the white mulberry the "tree of life", and its fruits the "queen of the berries."
One large plant has the ability to produce up to 200 kg of berries, and sometimes up to 500 kg.
Christians are telling the legend that Jesus Christ used to be hiding under a white mulberry. This tree can still be seen in Jericho.
Cyprus has become a great tradition to hold once a year a silkworm festival, which is treated with great respect.
There is a connection between mulberry and silk fabrics. The leaves of this tree are the food for the caterpillar, which is called the silkworm, the pupa of its retinue of silk thread. Hence the second name of the mulberry tree - mulberry. Silk became known to the world after one very curious case. There is a legend about this. Chinese Princess Xi Ling Shi rested under a mulberry tree and drank tea. Silkworm cocoon fell into her cup. And in the pot with this fragrant drink, the cocoon began to disperse, and its thin, but strong threads shimmered in the sun. This is how people learned that a caterpillar living on a silk tree gives us wonderfully beautiful silk fabrics.
In eastern countries and in Central Asia, the mulberry tree is regarded as sacred. The bark is an excellent material for amulets and amulets. In the courtyard under this tree they put a table where the whole family gathers, because evil spirits are afraid to approach the mulberry tree, and all members of the family are safe here.
The inhabitants of Europe met this wonderful plant in the 12th century. From the 17th century, it began to grow in Russia, in regions located not far from Moscow. But the climate here was unsuitable for the cultivation of white mulberry, due to its severity and cold weather. Therefore, the relocation moved to the south. At present, the mulberry tree is found in both cultural and wild forms.
Watch the video about white mulberry:
Black Mulberry Compote
- 1 kg of mulberries,
- 400 g of sugar
- 3 liters of water
- lemon juice or 2-3 g of citric acid, to taste.
Put the pan with water on the stove and wait until boiling. When the water boils, add sugar to it, and after three minutes pour out the berries (washed). Cook for 10 minutes and filter.
Reduces appetite and has a beneficial effect on heart activity.
- 1 kg of mulberry,
- 1 kg of sugar
- 3 g of citric acid.
Wash mulberry, pour sugar and leave for 6 hours. Pour the candied berries into the pan and cook for 5–8 minutes on low heat. Then remove the jam from the heat for 10 minutes and again put on the boil for 5 minutes. The procedure is repeated 6 times. At the end of cooking, you can add citric acid, but this is optional.
It helps with colds, relieves fever.
Mulberry jam is a great cold remedy.
- 400 g (2 cups of mulberry),
- 0.5 liters of vodka
- 1 glass of water
- 200–400 g of sugar.
Berry grind. Mix water with sugar in a saucepan, bring to a boil and cook for three minutes, cool. Mix in a jar of berries, vodka and syrup. Close the lid tightly and put in a dark place for 14–20 days, not forgetting to shake every three days. Before use, strain through gauze or a sieve, pour into bottles.
It is an excellent tonic, expectorant.
Features and conditions of use during pregnancy
Pregnant women are advised to eat up to three hundred grams of mulberry per day, as riboflavin is present in the composition, which has a positive effect on the development of the embryo. Also, taking mulberry in the third trimester will help get rid of the swelling that often occurs during pregnancy. Digestion is improved. The iron contained in this berry reduces the risk of developing anemia, and phosphorus strengthens bone tissue and the nervous system. But excessive consumption of mulberry can cause allergies and increased flatulence.
Berries can and should be eaten during pregnancy, but in limited quantities.
Harm from the berries, possible side effects when using mulberries and contraindications
A dried or wet mulberry has not only beneficial properties, but also contraindications. Raw berries should not be combined with milk and cold water, as this type of intake can cause indigestion and flatulence. We take diabetics with caution, because blood pressure rises from taking mulberry, you need to adhere to a certain proportion in the composition of medical prescriptions. To date, there are no contraindications to taking the fruits of the plant, unless you are allergic to this product.
As you can see, there are many ways to use this miracle plant. Probably, each of us will find the recipe that suits him. And this sweet and very tasty berry will not leave indifferent a single person, not for nothing that dried berries are given to children instead of candies!
With pancreatitis (diseases of the pancreas)
- 1 tbsp. l fresh chopped mulberry leaves,
- 1 tbsp. water.
Brew like tea. Drink without restriction of quantity, and also eat fresh black berries. Follow the diet shown in case of pancreatic disease. No course.
- Fruits stir with sugar.
- Add warm water. Take the medicine until the fever subsides.
Juice of freshly squeezed berries drip with a pipette into the nose no more than six times a day.
Mulberry - botanical characteristic
Most grow black, the birthplace of which is South-West Asia, and white mulberry (primary source - the eastern region of China).
In addition to these two species, the color of the fruit can be yellow, dark purple, pink and red. Today, the tree can be found not only in the tropical zone of the globe, but also in countries with a temperate climate, such as Russia and the CIS countries.
The plant lives about 300 years. In Russia, other countries of the former Soviet Union, mulberry has been grown since the 15th century.
Of the 20 types of ornamental species, white weeping mulberry is the most popular. The tree is compact, has a beautiful crown. It is very convenient to harvest fruit from it. Like a weeping willow, a mulberry looks amazing near a pond in winter.
Nutritional value and composition of berries
Useful properties of mulberry berries are mainly the content of valuable vitamins. A few less micronutrients in them, as far as minerals are concerned, they are the last in terms of quantity - third place.
Mulberry berry is very tasty, its nutritional value is great, it is healing for the life of the body. It contains most carbohydrates and water. The mulberry still contains insignificant amount of ashes, food fibers, fats.
It is surprising that 40% of the total amount of vitamins included in the mulberry berries is ascorbic acid - water-soluble vitamin C. Of the minerals, 10% is iron, 8% is potassium. Only 1% is found in mulberry zinc, sodium and selenium.
The main indicators of the beneficial properties of mulberries may vary depending on a particular plant species. For example, the concentration of sugars (fructose, glucose) in fruits of different varieties ranges from 9 to 25%.
Organic acids are found in mulberry: malic, phosphoric and citric. 4% of the total acid content is malic.
Due to its beneficial properties, rich chemical composition of mulberry berries, mulberry is used in folk medicine for the treatment of certain diseases.
The main advantage of the berries is the presence of an invaluable, active, indispensable substance - Morina. This is a chemical element from the group of flavonoids, which has a high degree of antioxidant activity.
The composition of the mulberry included several types of fatty oils. Depending on the type of plant, its amount ranges from 22 to 33%.
Due to their high taste qualities, mulberry fruits have found deserved application in cooking - various dishes and desserts are prepared from them. Gourmets highly appreciated tasty and healthy syrup and jam from mulberry berries.
Suitable for human consumption, dried, raw or boiled fruit. Per 100 g of berries accounts for the energy value of 50.4 kcal.
Nutritional value per 100 g of the product: proteins - 0.7 g, carbohydrates - 12.7 g. Other substances found in mulberry include ash, organic acids, dietary fiber, mono and disaccharides.
The content of vitamins: A - 3.33 mg, B-1 - 0.004 mg, B-2 - 0.002 mg, PP - 0.8 mg, beta-carotene - 20 mg, PP (equivalent) - 0.92 mg, ascorbic acid - 10 mg.
Minerals: calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium.
Organic acids: malic and citric.
Sugar (fructose, sucrose, glucose, maltose) - 20%.
Other elements: guaiacol, phenol, eugenol, methyl salicylate. Dried mulberries are excellent sugar substitutes. In a single glass (250g) - 195g - 98.3kkal.
“This is interesting: it is easy to remove fresh stains on the cloth left by black mulberry berries, using unripe berries for this: stretch them thoroughly and rub them. Some kind of - "Wedge-wedge ..." Stains can also be removed with a solution of citric acid or a slice of lemon.
The healing properties of mulberry
Due to its composition, mulberry has a number of useful properties. So, due to the high content of iron and B vitamins, it stimulates hemoglobin production and the general hematopoietic function of the body. Berry also contributes strengthen the heart and blood vessels, and it is often used in the treatment of atherosclerosis, arrhythmias, tachycardias and heart defects.
Do not forget about the choleretic, diuretic and mild laxative effect of the fruit. And if you use immature berries, due to the abundance of tannins contained in them, you can achieve the opposite effect, which will undoubtedly be useful for diarrhea. In addition, mulberries stimulate the activity of the pancreas and stimulate digestion. You can use mulberry and bronchitis, acute respiratory infections and asthma. Fruits are also helpful. for brain activity and help with nervousness, depression and insomnia.
In addition to the berries, the bark of the roots and leaves of the tree are used. The leaves of the tree are often used to fight diabetes, as well as prostatitis. In turn, the cortex is able to lower blood pressure, and accelerate the recovery of damaged tissue.
Use in traditional medicine
Given the unique composition of the mulberry and all its useful properties, traditional medicine simply could not ignore the mulberries. Juices, syrups, decoctions, tinctures, tinctures and even healing ointments are made from the plant. And in the course are not only berries, but also the bark and even the leaves of the tree. Below are a few recipes from each of the parts of the tree.
Fruit juice and syrup
Mulberry fruit syrup or mulberry doshab is a national Caucasian dish. Вкусное и невероятно полезное, это блюдо является отличным иммуномодулирующим средством, помогает при простуде, бронхите и прочих воспалительных заболеваниях дыхательных путей. Помимо этого, подобный сироп стимулирует выработку крови и красных телец, а также помогает при бессоннице, стрессе и нервном напряжении.
- We touch and wash the mulberries under running water,
- Pour the fruit into the pan and knead them so that they give juice and do not burn,
- We put the pot on a slow fire and cook the berries for half an hour,
- Thirty minutes later, remove the pan from the heat and filter the juice through gauze or sieve,
- If you wanted to get mulberry juice, you can stop at this step,
- In order to get the syrup, cook it over low heat until it boils down to one third volume.
The classic version of this recipe does not imply the use of sugar, since the berries are sweet enough by themselves. However, if you want to speed up the process, you can add some sugar. With sugar, the resulting syrup does not have to be boiled down for a long time. The main thing is not to overdo it with the amount of sugar, otherwise the syrup will be very cloying. One kilogram of mulberry should never add more than half a kilogram of sugar.
Decoction of leaves
A decoction of mulberry leaves is an effective expectorant and diuretic. In addition, it can be used to disinfect wounds and cuts, as well as to relieve swelling. You can cook the broth according to the following recipe:
- We collect, wash and carefully chop the leaves of the mulberry tree,
- Dry the leaves, then take a dessert spoonful of raw materials and pour it with half a liter of water,
- Bring the water to a boil, then give the broth to infuse for half an hour,
- Strain the broth and use it in the amount of fifty grams before a meal,
- For disinfection and scarring of wounds, decoction is used externally.
Mulberry bark decoction is a traditional Chinese recipe. This drug is used to treat diabetes, kidney failure, and hypertension. In addition, it is useful for potency and increases sexual desire. Broth is prepared as follows:
- Take three grams of dried and chopped mulberry roots,
- Fill them with a glass of boiling water and boil for twenty minutes over low heat,
- Next, you should give the broth to infuse for an hour and pour the evaporated water,
- Broth taken on one-third of the glass three times a day.
Infusion of fruits
Infusion of mulberry berries is a delicious and incredibly useful tool. It is often used for the treatment of acute respiratory diseases and it produces an excellent laxative. In addition, the infusion of fruits is valued for its mild sedative effect. Recipe:
- Take four hundred grams of berries, carefully wash and sort them
- Grind the fruit into mush
- Add two glasses of crushed mulberry leaves to the slurry and mix thoroughly
- Fill the mixture with a glass of boiling water.
- We give the mixture infused for five hours
- Eat two to three tablespoons before eating.
Infusion of leaves
The infusion of mulberry leaves has powerful expectorant and mucolytic properties and is indispensable in the treatment of acute respiratory diseases like sore throat, bronchitis and even asthma. The remedy of the leaves also has antipyretic properties and a mild sedative effect. To prepare this, follow the following recipe:
- Take a bunch of leaves of the mulberry tree, wash, chop and dry them,
- Two tablespoons of dried and crushed raw materials pour liter of boiling water,
- Cover the drink with a lid and give it to insist for an hour,
- We drink one glass of infusion three times a day, half an hour before meals.
In addition, the infusion of the leaves can be used as drops of conjunctivitis and as a rejuvenating compress to the skin around the eyes. You can also use this tool for rinsing hair after washing or as a tonic for the skin.
The drug from the bark of mulberry has a lot of useful properties and is an incredibly effective remedy for blood thinning. In addition, the infusion helps with bronchitis, bronchial asthma and acute respiratory diseases. The following is a recipe for this infusion:
- We take 50 grams of dried bark,
- Fill it with a liter of cold water and insist for an hour,
- After an hour, put the product on a slow fire and heat for fifteen minutes, without boiling,
- Give the infusion to cool, then filter,
- We take one glass, three times a day, for five days. The course is repeated three times, with a break of three days.
Mulberry tincture is a truly universal remedy and is able to cure many ailments. So, it normalizes the metabolism, helps with intestinal diseases, and also cleanses the liver and kidneys from sand and slag. In addition, a mulberry tincture will help normalize sugar levels in diabetes, strengthen the cardiovascular system, and even help improve eyesight. It helps a lot with sore throat and can even take out worms. Prepare this truly miraculous remedy by following the recipe:
- We take four hundred grams of berries, carefully wash and sort them,
- Grind the fruit into mush,
- We take a glass of water and fill it with two hundred grams of sugar,
- Cook sweet water until all sugar is dissolved,
- Let cool the resulting syrup and mix it with berries, ground into mush,
- Add to the mixture half a liter of vodka and mix thoroughly,
- Pour into a suitable glass container and tightly cork it,
- We put the bottle with the future tincture in a dark, cool place. Every few days, shake up the bottle contents so that the nutrients are more evenly distributed in the mixture,
- A month later, the tincture will be ready for use.
The resulting tincture has a spicy aroma and taste and is not very strong, about 30 degrees. Stored a similar drink for three years.
Mulberry ointment is an excellent tool for the treatment of various diseases and skin lesions. It is able to cope with not too strong burns and suppurations, and also significantly increases the rate of regeneration with cuts. As for skin diseases, this ointment is often used for dermatitis and eczema.
You can prepare a mulberry ointment according to this recipe:
- Take dried mulberry roots and grind them in a coffee grinder,
- Two tablespoons of the obtained raw materials pour vegetable oil in the amount of 100 milliliters,
- Stir the mixture thoroughly until it becomes homogeneous,
- Insist the mixture in the refrigerator for a day,
- We treat the affected skin 4-5 times a day.
Use during pregnancy
Mulberry berries are an excellent source of nutrients for pregnant women. Moreover, due to its composition, the mulberry has a very beneficial effect on the growth and development of the fetus. However, despite all its beneficial properties, you should not abuse the berries. This is primarily due to the diuretic properties of the plant. And increased urination, as you know, exerts pressure on the kidneys, which is extremely undesirable during pregnancy. The daily rate of this berry is about 300 grams.
It is also important to note that the fruit must be well processed before consumption, in order to avoid infection. Before use, it is best to pour boiling water over them. Also, it is advisable to use only fresh berries in its raw form. If they stood at least one day in the fridge, they will lose most of their beneficial properties. It is best to cook compote from them, or use one of the recipes mentioned in this article.
Pregnant women in no case should not use the unburnt fruits. This can lead to frustration, bloating, constipation and even poisoning.
Therapeutic and beneficial properties of mulberry
Fruits, roots and leaves of mulberry have healing properties. Here are the main ones:
- Strengthens the immune system, provides effective prevention of colds and other infectious diseases.
- Improves metabolism in the human body. It has a beneficial effect on the functions of the intestines, stomach with dysentery, colitis, dysbacteriosis, enterocolitis, gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice. Black overripe berries alleviate the patient's condition in various cases of poisoning.
- Helps patients with cardiovascular diseases.
- Reduces blood pressure. Patients suffering from hypertension, are given daily for 2s.l. fresh mulberry juice for three weeks. This recommendation is also suitable for patients with atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease (CHD), tachycardia, arrhythmia (paroxysmal, or atrial fibrillation).
- Stops the development of cancer cells.
- It has a blood purifying effect.
- Provides the removal of toxins, harmful substances from the body naturally.
- Ointments, infusions, decoctions based on mulberry treat patients with rheumatism.
- Patients suffering from heartburn are advised to use unripe berries.
- Mulberry is used for diseases of the throat, oral cavity - stomatitis, gingivitis, aft, herpes.
- Possessing a weak diuretic effect, it is recommended for kidney disease.
- The fruits of mulberry can treat constipation.
- A decoction of the bark of a mulberry tree normalizes blood pressure.
- Useful for patients with iron deficiency anemia. In season it is recommended to eat fresh fruit, in the winter - frozen. Eat one glass daily.
- Removes the effects of mental or physical overload.
- It relieves the patient with bronchial asthma.
- For insomnia, it is enough to eat several mulberries before bedtime - they have a slight soporific effect.
- It is very useful to use berries for patients with diabetes. The active substances of the fruit stabilize blood sugar levels. It is even better to take an infusion of leaves or sprinkle porridge with chopped dried leaves (half a teaspoon per day). Diabetics are also advised to drink concentrated compote from canned fruits without adding sugar.
- Pregnant women are recommended to eat 200-300g of berries. Fresh berries should be well washed. Yesterday's can not be, even if they were kept in the cold! A woman will receive a large supply of nutrients, vitamins. The main thing is that there is no allergic reaction.
- Silk juice is very useful for the body. However, he, like watermelon juice, quickly deteriorates in the air. Therefore, it is better to use for therapeutic purposes a syrup that can be stored in the cold for several months.
Boil fresh juice until the mass thickens to the consistency of kefir. In this case, the juice will lose a third of the original volume. Syrup has a pleasant taste, retains for a long time all the beneficial properties of fresh mulberries.
Contraindications, side effects
Mulberry fruits are very useful for children, adults, pregnant women. However, not everything is so smooth. Mulberry can sometimes increase blood pressure. Therefore, patients with drops in blood pressure should refrain from eating berries, tinctures, decoctions of plants.
Mulberry is contraindicated in hypotensive (persons with low blood pressure). It is necessary to be attentive to people with hypersensitivity to various allergens - mulberry can cause them side effects. Signs: itching, redness of the skin, small rashes. If these symptoms appear, contact a medical institution.
Another negative factor is product intolerance, which has an individual character. It is better for such persons to abandon mulberry fruits.
When eating a large number of berries may develop diarrhea (diarrhea).
Conclusions: now you know what a mulberry plant is, its beneficial properties and contraindications. Despite some prohibitions, in general, the plant provides great assistance to many sufferers. Be healthy!
Ways of use
Mulberry is used in cooking for cooking various dishes: cocktails and smoothies, pies and cakes, jelly, puddings, ice cream. The berries are very sweet, so they improve the taste of pastries, desserts and drinks. But especially fragrant are jams and mulberry jams. The following are successful recipes.
For jam you need this:
- 1200-1400 grams of granulated sugar (depending on the desired sweetness),
- 1 kg of white mulberry,
- two lemons.
- Wash the lemons thoroughly, rinse the mulberries (the stalks are previously removed).
- Mince citrus with mulberry through a meat grinder (lemons are crushed with zest).
- Pour the ingredients with sugar, mix thoroughly and leave for 4-5 hours to extract the juice.
- Place the pot with the mixture on the stove, over medium heat, bring to a boil, then reduce the heat and cook the mixture for about half an hour.
- Cool the jam, cook for 15 minutes again, distribute over the banks and roll up.
You can make fragrant thick jam from mulberry. For this you will need:
- 1200 grams of ripe white mulberry fruit
- a quarter of a teaspoon of citric acid,
- 1200-1300 grams of granulated sugar.
- Wash berries well to remove all dirt, sort out.
- Fold the mulberry tree in a large enough pan with a thick bottom, add sugar in it and leave the mixture for an hour to begin to actively stand out juice.
- Put the pot on the stove, bring the contents to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer for about 50 minutes, stirring occasionally.
- Five minutes before the heat treatment process is complete, add citric acid. In the end, jam should get thick.
Recipes of traditional medicine
The benefits of mulberry will be maximum if you use one of the recipes:
- Squeeze juice from mulberries, mix it with the same amount of water. Freshly prepared tool is used for rinsing with periodontal disease, sore throat, stomatitis.
- For the prevention of heart disease, it is useful to eat dried fruit after each meal, two tablespoons.
- Mulberry syrup helps to strengthen the immune system, improve brain activity. The juice is boiled until thick, drink a tablespoon five times a day.
Eat healthy mulberry more often and improve your health!