What do you think was grown and consumed in Russia, before the potato was first introduced from Holland? Rutabaga has become one of the most common vegetables, which is in some way very similar to potatoes. It is about her and her beneficial properties today and we'll talk.
Unfortunately, the rutabaga is unfairly forgotten, and today it is often confused with fodder beet. But, it is a completely different plant that belongs to the cabbage family. Externally, turnips strongly resemble a turnip. In the middle, the rutabaga has a juicy, sweetish pulp of a yellow shade.
Eat root vegetables either raw or cooked, combining it with various products. Swede popularity remains widespread in a number of European countries, for example, among Germans or Swedes. Swede received such a wide distribution due to its beneficial properties and taste.
In the cultivation of the root is completely unpretentious - the swede is very cold-resistant, able to grow in the ground at low temperatures from 1 ° C to 3 ° C. In addition, rutabaga is not at all afraid of extreme heat or drought, but the concentration of nutrients decreases somewhat. That is why, in the southern regions of Russia and Ukraine, turnips are planted early in order to harvest before the onset of hot weather.
Nutritional value and calorie swede
Caloric swede is about 37 kcal per 100 g of product. This is about 1.81% of the required standard per day. If you use daily one root, weighing about 300 grams per day, a person receives about 110 kcal.
As for nutritional value, the sweat contains a moderate amount of carbohydrates and proteins. Nutritional data you can see in the table below.
Useful composition of swede
Rutabagus is rich in dietary fiber and easily digestible carbohydrates. It contains vegetable proteins, and quite a bit of fat in the form of mustard oil. The composition of the root is very useful, because it contains phosphorus, magnesium and sodium, a lot of potassium and iron, and, of course, a lot of calcium in the swede.
The content of vitamin “C” and other vitamins (in particular, vitamins of the “B”, “PP”, “H”, and “A” groups), beta-carotene and other useful components is also kept at a rather high level. Below, we present a table of useful components contained in the swede.
In order for rutabagus to be beneficial for the organism, it is necessary to learn how to choose it correctly. So, give your preference to smooth and hard fruits of rutabaga, which have no fibrous roots. If you buy soft turnips, most likely, even after boiling or other heat treatment, it will be tough and not tasty.
Useful properties of swede
The moderate content of nutrients and vitamins in the composition of swede, guarantees her a large number of useful properties. So, swede is considered an excellent source of strength and energy, it helps in the fight against vitamin deficiency in cold winter and spring days. Especially useful is swede in the fight against diseases such as dysbiosis or constipation.
Swede has a diuretic effect, helps get rid of puffiness, and is useful for the prevention of hypertension. It is useful for children and adults to use swede during a cold because it has an anti-inflammatory effect. During bronchitis, pneumonia and its forms, the vegetable is boiled and consumed with honey. The same recipe is used to treat chronic diseases of the respiratory organs.
In the fight against measles, sore throat and throat inflammations, pounded seeds, brewed in warm water, are used for rinsing. Since rutabaga contains mustard oil, it is used as an antimicrobial agent. For burns, purulent wounds and inflammations, compresses from swede will be helpful. To prepare a compress, just rub the root and put it on the gauze.
The composition of swede contains a sufficient amount of carbohydrates, which in their content are fructose. Therefore, the product without problems can and should be used by diabetics.
Also, swede is useful for those who wish to get rid of extra pounds. The root crop removes excess fluids from the body, accelerates intestinal peristalsis, and stabilizes its work. For those who want to lose weight, pay attention to the recipes for stews, salads and mashed swede. Root is perfectly combined with mushrooms or eggs.
Harm and contraindications swede
And now about the unpleasant - harm the swede to the body. People with diseases of the digestive system, it is better to refrain from the use of this root, especially during the exacerbation of chronic diseases. The product contains coarse vegetable fibers, which cause irritation of the mucous membrane.
The tip of the rutabaga has suction roots, which during the growth period can accumulate carcinogens in themselves. Therefore, during use, cut off the spine, not sparing it. And, of course, swede may not be individually tolerated by the body.
Mashed potatoes with turnips and carrots
To prepare you will need:
- Butter 3g,
Wash vegetables, peel, cut into pieces. Put in a saucepan, pour a small amount of boiling water and cook on low heat for 10-15 minutes until the vegetables are soft. Prepared vegetables crush blender, add butter and diluted with milk to the desired consistency. If the child has an allergy to milk, then we breed mashed potatoes with broth.
Try cooking turnip soup. It will turn out tasty and juicy, fragrant and nourishing dish for the whole family. For those who do not eat meat, there is no better product than swede. To prepare you need:
- Young rutabaga - 1 pc.
- Celery celery - 100 g,
- Barley grits - 100 g,
- Spices - to taste.
Swede we wash, obsushim and cut into pieces. Place in a saucepan, fill with water, add chopped onions and carrots. If desired, you can separately fry them. Add celery (slices) and greens. Bring to a boil over low heat, then add well-washed barley grits, turmeric and spices. Cook on low heat until the cereal is ready. When the rutabagus becomes transparent, the porridge will add to the soup thickness, and the turmeric will have a juicy tint, you can turn off the soup and serve it to the table.
Harvesting swede for the winter
In order to prepare swede for the winter and make conservation, it is enough to prepare the ingredients: young rutabagus - 1-2 pcs., Carrots - 3 pcs., Onions - 1 pc., Greens - to taste, zucchini - 1 pc., Vinegar 9% - 1 tbsp., Salt - to taste, sugar - to taste, vegetable oil - 50 g
All vegetables wash, clean and cut. Onion cut very small, everything else - diced. Fry carrots and turnips first so they soften a little. Add zucchini, greens, onion and sugar with salt, fry and then simmer for 40 minutes. Swede and carrot should be very soft. 5 minutes before the end of cooking, add vinegar and mix. Fold the mixture on prepared sterile jars and close for the winter.
More about useful products:
We know about the incredible possibilities of the vegetable healer from antiquity. It was used by folk healers and healers. Now it is used much less frequently, but still has not lost its popularity.
With regular use, the swede will bring the work of many internal organs back to normal, as well as improve general well-being and condition. Its effect is to cleanse the body. It will perfectly replace the necessary drugs in this business.
The main benefit of this vegetable is for the intestines. A large amount of fiber in the root normalizes the digestive system and removes toxins.
Rutabagus is unique in nature. Its beneficial properties are not lost during processing at high temperatures. You can eat a vegetable in any form:
The original taste of rutabaga will be a spicy twist of a cooked dish.
Boiled vegetable is used as a prophylactic oncology. Baked swede will help with constipation. And the juice of a fresh vegetable will cope with a serious cold - pneumonia.
The benefits of root crops versatile, it includes:
- Strengthening bones, teeth and nails
- Help and prevention of viral diseases
- Removing excess fluid
- Puffiness removal
- Treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract
- Prevention of cardiovascular disorders
- Preventing anemia
- Normalization of metabolism
- Wound healing
- Recovery of tissue after burns
- Pulling pus
- Mouth Cure
- Getting rid of cholesterol
- Cleansing and strengthening the walls of blood vessels
- Sugar replacement for people with diabetes
- Removal of fatigue and recuperation
- Improving the condition of the skin of the human body
- Strengthen hair follicles
- Baldness Prevention
Such an impressive list leaves no doubt: the benefits of vegetables are enormous. Swede will cope with an impressive list of diseases. But it is applicable not only for the treatment and normalization of the work of various organs, its useful properties are widely used in cosmetology for:
- Pore cleansing
- Skin moisturizing
- Getting rid of age spots and freckles
- Acne and other skin inflammations
- Reduction and tightening of scars
The use of swede is also felt for pregnant women. In the root of many useful vitamins, as well as folic acid, affecting the formation of the nervous system of the baby.
Useful video number 1 (salad recipe):
Harmful properties of medicinal root vegetables
Rutabagum is of great benefit, the main thing - do not overdo it with its use. Otherwise, instead of the desired positive effect, you can harm the body. The very first noticeable side effect will be increased gas formation.
Contraindications to the use include diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The beneficial properties of the root during the inflammatory process in these organs will be a disservice: they will only aggravate the condition.
The rutabagum contains fiber in its composition, and in large quantities, it is it that has a beneficial effect on the process of digestion. But in the case of inflammation is harmful: irritates the mucous membrane of the digestive system.
All negative substances of the vegetable are in the tip. Therefore, before applying it must be cut. Otherwise, with reduced immunity, intoxication cannot be avoided.
Contraindications to use
Swede will harm a person with diseases in the chronic stage, and especially if you use this root crop during the period of exacerbation. There are contraindications, and they should be taken into account, otherwise the beneficial properties of the vegetable will only aggravate the course of the disease, which ultimately will adversely affect the health and condition of the body as a whole.
The list of those diseases in which the swede is harmful, and the benefits approach zero:
- High blood pressure
- Renal failure
- Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract
- Allergic reaction to cruciferous vegetables
Use is also excluded in case of individual intolerance to the product.
Do not include the root vegetable in the diet of children under the age of six months.
The right choice and preparation for use
On the shelves of fruit and vegetable stalls you can hardly find rutabagas. Where, then, buy it? On the shelves of large supermarkets, everything is there.
Choose a root vegetable is easy, pay attention to the main points:
- Dense and firm fruit
- Smooth skin
- Lack of wrinkles and fibrous roots
- No visible damage
- "Heavy" by weight
And how to clean it? The procedure does not differ from cooking other vegetables for food and consists of several stages:
- Wash thoroughly.
- Cut into two halves.
- Cut off the top purple part. It is in it concluded all the harm of this useful root.
- Peel the halves with a sharp knife.
- Cut out all the hard elements from the pulp. There is no harm from them, but they can spoil the taste, since they are so bitter.
After simple manipulations, the product is ready for use.
Can be found on sale swede coated with wax. It is not scary, and in no way will affect its properties, benefits and taste.
It is also important to know how much this vegetable is stored. The recommended time limit is no more than one week, while in a tightly closed package, where air does not fall, and always in the refrigerator.
Product for women who dream of losing weight
The calorific value of swede is small: in 100 grams of the product, only 37 kilocalories, which in relation to the recommended daily norm is only 1.78%.
Consider what is the caloric content of one swede medium size.
Quantity - 1 pc.
Calorie - 111 Kcal
Such data allows us to recommend swede as a product for weight loss and body cleansing. Girls who watch their weight must include this root vegetable in their diet. And for many reasons: the benefits are enormous, the harm is minimal, a large number of systems of healthy and proper nutrition are developed on this ingredient.
Swede - a plant source of protein. This is the product that is perfect diet of vegetarians. It also contains many vitamins and amino acids that work on building new cells and restoring existing ones. Try this root vegetable and enjoy all its beneficial properties.
Useful video number 2:
Rutabag - useful properties
Unfortunately, rutabaga in Russia is less popular for cultivation than abroad, although this vegetable has a special taste and aroma and is able to decorate any table, and its most valuable properties are known to people from ancient times. Swede can be eaten raw, baked, fried, or squeezed juice - it retains useful substances in any method of preparation.
The swede contains phytochemical compounds glucosinolates, which help the liver excrete toxins from the body and eliminate carcinogens that have entered the bloodstream, and are also capable of preventing the development of cancerous tumors. Regular use of swede, rich in antioxidants, prevents damage to cells and DNA by free radicals, which is an excellent prevention of dangerous and life-threatening diseases. For example, vitamin C, according to several scientific studies, helps to avoid the development of colorectal cancer.
Maintains digestive health
Another advantage of swede is its ability to improve digestion. The high content of fiber in the root provides timely bowel emptying, preventing constipation, flatulence and gastrointestinal disorders, and organic acids accelerate the breakdown of dietary fat.
High zinc content
Swede provides the body with zinc, which is a key component of many enzymatic processes. This mineral is involved in the synthesis of proteins and hormones, affects the body's resistance to infections and accelerates wound healing. Maintaining a normal level of zinc in the body in men ensures prostate health, and in pregnant women - the proper formation of the internal organs of the unborn child.
It has antimicrobial properties
Due to the high concentration of phytoncides, swede juice has unique antimicrobial properties. It is for this reason that it is used externally for burns, poorly tightening wounds, pustular skin diseases. If swede juice daily to wipe the face, you can get rid of acne and inflammation of the skin. You can also use mashed root vegetables as an ingredient for natural face masks.
Helps to lose weight
As a low-calorie and nutrient-rich product, the rutabaga is present in the most effective nutrition plans for losing weight. High fiber content reduces overeating, supports digestion and proper metabolic process and normalizes stools, so the vegetable is just a godsend for those who want to lose weight and go on a healthy diet.
Prevention of respiratory diseases
Swede juice is widely used in folk medicine as an expectorant for bronchial asthma, pneumonia, colds, as well as in chronic forms of tracheobronchitis. When rinsing the throat and oral cavity with the brutal juice, its antimicrobial properties help to cope with various inflammatory processes.
Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease
Vitamin K fights against the causes of heart attack and controls the water content in the body. Together with the plant fiber contained in swede, potassium lowers cholesterol, thereby reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Also, rutabaga is useful for the prevention of seizures, atherosclerosis and iron deficiency anemia.
Rutabagum is a very affordable means to maintain a normal immune system. A sufficient amount of vitamin C in the daily diet is necessary for the occurrence of many processes in the body, including the production of white blood cells. In addition, ascorbic acid is involved in the production of collagen, which promotes the development and healing of blood vessels, muscle and skin tissue.
Source of antioxidants
Брюква — отличный источник антиоксидантных соединений. Витамин С повышает защитные механизмы и борется с заболеваниями, предупреждает появление морщин и пигментных пятен, замедляет процесс старения. Каротиноиды и глюкозинолаты стимулируют здоровую регенерацию клеток, предотвращая их мутацию и развитие опухолей.
Брюква отлично подходит для профилактики заболеваний костей. It contains vitamin C, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese and calcium, which help maintain bone tissue in good condition. People who include swede in their diet are much less likely to suffer from such a common disease as osteoporosis. Calcium also supports healthy teeth.
Suitable for diabetics
Useful root vegetables are used not only as a component of nutrition for those who want to lose weight, but also include in the diet of people with diabetes type II, as it is an excellent alternative to potatoes. The low content of carbohydrates in the swede and a large amount of vegetable fibers have a beneficial effect on the digestive process and reduce the level of glucose in the blood.
Great product for vegetarians
For people who have limited animal protein intake, swede is a valuable source of vegetable protein. In its composition there are proteins and amino acids necessary for the body as a building material for new cells, as well as the proper development, growth and repair of muscles and other important processes in the body.
Swede - contraindications
The swede is very useful and popular among supporters of folk recipes, however, it should be borne in mind that too frequent use of fresh brine juice can lead to increased gas formation, even in healthy people. Infants need fresh swede in the diet only after a year, but when boiled it can be added to vegetable food after six months.
You should also not eat root vegetables during the exacerbation of certain diseases:
- peptic ulcer
- kidney disease
- inflammation of the bladder,
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
- food allergies.
Troubles - interesting facts
According to its nutritional value, swede surpasses turnips, retaining all the useful substances in any method of preparation and long-term storage.
Regular consumption of swede reduces the risk of alopecia (alopecia).
The French philosopher and preacher of "Queen Margot" Pierre Charron in one of his works argued that a true Frenchman should prefer turnips and turnips to other vegetables, since everything else is not suitable for his stomach.
A swede eaten in a dream promises to married people an early addition to the family.
Rutabaga gives a wonderful harvest with minimal care and all weather conditions, so it was often sown in the hungry and war years.
In Germany, parents tell children a fairy tale about swede, and not about a turnip.
In Switzerland, Raben-Chilbi festival has been held in honor of swede for over a hundred years. Similar "celebrations" of the popular vegetable exist in the United States: the annual festival in Wisconsin and the skating competition in New York State. In Russia, the traditional celebration of swede harvest was also restored, which takes place on September 16 in Ivanovo.
Swede was the favorite vegetable of the great German poet Johann Goethe.
The largest root vegetable was grown in 2008 by Canadian farmer NormKravenom and had a weight of 35 kg.
Rotating rutabaga (eng. Rotobaga) has become one of the characters in the second part of the popular game Plantsvs. Zombies (Plants vs. Zombies).
Such use in folk medicine led to the beneficial properties of swede:
- root vegetables contain vitamins C, B6, B2, B1, carotene, rutin,
- ascorbic acid, which is contained in the swede, is particularly resistant during cooking and prolonged winter storage,
- rutabaga contains many minerals: atrium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, sulfur,
- there are also sugars, proteins, fiber and pectin substances.
Treatment with turnip in traditional medicine
1. Rutabaga root vegetables have a diuretic and laxative effect, dilute sputum.
2. Rutabaga is widely used for popular treatment of respiratory diseases: in chronic bronchitis, in chronic pneumonia, in bronchial asthma.
3. Ask for help to the swede and acute bronchopulmonary, catarrhal diseases: acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory viral infections, acute bronchitis, whooping cough.
4. With a strong dry cough, with difficulty with the separation of sputum prescribed swede honey juice, which can be prepared according to the following recipe.
Medium sized swede is washed, peeled, crushed and minced. Add honey in the proportion of swede - honey, like 2: 1. Mix well and prescribe a teaspoon 4-5 times a day, while - regardless of the meal.
The resulting medication must be washed down with warm water.
5. Swede, due to its beneficial properties, is included in the diet of patients with lower extremity edema, which were the result of heart and kidney disease.
6. Often, swede is prescribed for diet during the treatment of patients with atherosclerosis of the heart vessels, brain vessels, and aortic atherosclerosis.
7. In clinical nutrition, swede is prescribed for chronic constipation, since It greatly improves digestion. Swede prescribed for diet and obesity.
Warning: in irritable bowel syndrome, and, above all, during the period of exacerbation, the swede is contraindicated.
A recipe for the treatment of patients with chroniclung diseases:
Swede root vegetables - 500 g, butter - 50 g, honey - 3 tbsp. spoons, 50 grams of walnuts. Cut the swede into cubes and simmer in butter until half cooked.
After add honey and simmer until tender. Before taking the medicine, sprinkle it with crushed walnuts.
First, let's find out what the swede looks like. It is a root crop that looks like a turnip or beet, but it has several large sizes and sweet taste. Painted in red-violet or gray-green.
Rutabaga is a biennial plant that produces leaves and fleshy root in its first year. In the second year a stalk grows from the root. This root crop is quite unpretentious and perfectly tolerates the summer heat, dry weather and even the first frost. The swede, as seen in the photo below, is high-yielding, and the weight of one vegetable can reach 35 kg.
About the benefits of swede
Swede is considered a very useful product, as it contains in its composition a sufficiently large number of valuable substances. Due to the presence of calcium, it is good for softening bone tissue. This root crop shows high effectiveness in constipation, but at the same time it is contraindicated for people suffering from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The swede becomes especially relevant in winter and early spring, when the body is most weakened and unable to fully resist the negative effects of the environment. This vegetable nourishes the human body with vitamins and microelements, gives strength and strengthens the immune system. With it, you can cure colds and translate dry cough into productive.
In general, rutabaga exhibits the following beneficial properties:
- diuretic, so that you can remove excess fluid from the body, eliminate swelling and cure kidney disease,
- antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, which are used in the treatment of skin after burns and in the presence of purulent wounds,
- due to the high concentration of fiber, this root crop stimulates intestinal peristalsis and digestive processes, which, in turn, improves metabolism, helps prevent obesity,
- the use of swede has a positive effect on the work of the cardiovascular system - blood pressure is normalized and cholesterol is released.
Important! Remember that this root contains a large number of coarse fibers that can cause inflammation of the gastric mucosa.
What to cook?
Due to its taste, swede is a part of many recipes and gives each dish a unique flavor. This root vegetable can replace the potatoes in the stew or become the main ingredient in salads.
So let's take a look at some swede dishes. It is possible that one of them will become your favorite, and you will include it not only daily, but also a festive menu.
Salad with turnips, apples and greens
- 1 swede peel and grate on a coarse grater,
- with 2 medium apples, remove the seeds and also grate,
- take one sprig of celery and parsley, wash, dry, chop with a knife.
In a deep dish combine the prepared vegetables and herbs, mix. Season with lemon juice, honey and sour cream sauce.
Tip! If you do not like honey, then you can not use it at all, but to enhance the flavor of the salad, you can add a small amount of pumpkin pulp to it.
Vegetable salad with ham and pistachios
- 250 g swede clear and cut into small slices,
- 100 g of radish cut into slices,
- 200 g of ham, medium cut,
- 3-4 stems of green onions and the same amount of parsley, rinse, dry and chop,
- Grind 40 g of salted pistachios into flour using a blender or coffee grinder.
Mix the salad ingredients, top with a sauce of 200 g of light mayonnaise and 3 teaspoons of mustard.
Tip! Mayonnaise can be replaced with sour cream, and ordinary mustard can be replaced with French or Dijon.
Spiced Baked Rutabaga
This dish is prepared as follows:
- 1.5 kg swede rinse under running water, peel off, cut into small cubes and boil until soft,
- pour broth into a separate container, rutabaga crush into mashed potatoes,
- Combine 150 g of breadcrumbs, half a cup of sugar syrup, an egg, 2 glasses of cream, a teaspoon of ground ginger, half a teaspoon of white ground pepper and nutmeg, beat with a mixer,
- dilute the mixture with a small amount of swede broth so that it acquires a soft texture, pour in mashed potatoes, mix,
- bake a baking sheet with a piece of butter, put the prepared mixture in it, sprinkle with a small amount of breadcrumbs and grated cheese,
- send the dish to be baked in the oven at 170 °.
After 1.5 hours the spicy rutabaga is ready.
Rutabaga with grilled chicken and bacon
To cook dinner for two, do the following:
- one small turnip clear, cut into cubes, boil until cooked, drain the liquid,
- Heat olive oil in a pan, fry 4 slices of bacon and 2 chicken fillets, cut into thin strips,
- after two or three minutes, when the meat is reddened, add the turnip and reduce the heat to medium,
- Chop 2 garlic cloves with a knife and send to the pan,
- after 5 minutes, add 100 ml of broth (vegetable or chicken) to rutabaga with meat, put half a teaspoon of ground cumin, salt and pepper,
- stew the dish for 2 minutes.
English turnip soup
To make English soup you should:
- Peel and dice the vegetables: one turnip, 2 carrots, one onion, celery stalk,
- put the ingredients in the pan, add water and simmer for 5-10 minutes under the lid,
- when the vegetables are soft, add 125 barley grits and cook the soup for 45 minutes,
- bring the dish to taste with salt and pepper, remove from heat.
As you can see, turnip can be used in a variety of dishes and it does not require much preparation. Create your own recipes and delight them with the taste of their relatives.
Scientific name: Brassica napus var. napobrassica
Calories: 52 Kcal./ cup
- Vitamin C (38.89%)
- Vitamin B6 (10.77%)
- Phosphorus (10.57%)
- Vitamin B1 (10.50%)
- Carbohydrates (9.28%)
American violet, Joan, Lawrence, Marian, Heirloom and Gourmet are the most popular swede varieties.
Plant growth: once every two years.
Climate: humid and cool (grows best in the Mediterranean in areas with temperate south).
Soil: moderately deep, well drained, fertile.
Size: 30-150 cm in height.
Root: fleshy, bulb or spherical, lumpy tops of slightly irregular shape, which are 8-13 cm in diameter.
Fruit color: purple, white or yellow with a greenish tinge.
Color inside the fruit: yellowish flesh.
Aroma: nutty and sweet with a soft tinge of turnip.
Taste: soft, peppery, sweet.
Stem: upright, branched.
Leaves: smooth, waxy, thick, like a cabbage from medium green to blue green.
Flowers: small with light yellow petals, ovate, rounded at the top,
Seeds: dark brown or blackish, spherical, from 1-2 mm to 3 mm in diameter, slightly mesh.
The health benefits of swede is to prevent cancer, diabetes, it helps to lose weight, improves metabolic function, improves digestion, strengthens bones, improves enzymatic function, strengthens the immune system, normalizes blood pressure, warns against heart diseases, strengthens the immune system and even improves mood.
From this article you will learn:
Rutabagum is a biennial plant, although it is grown mainly as an annual, produces seeds during the second year of growth, belongs to the cabbage family and has similar leaves and even diseases and pests same as in cabbage. This vegetable is supposed to be something between cabbage and turnip.
This useful biennial plant grows to a size of 30-150 cm in height and is a vegetable of the cool season, which withstands cold and soft frosts.
He likes drained, fertile soil, even with clay loams, which is provided with organic matter. The plant has a well-defined central root and small, erect secondary roots, branchy stems.
The leaves are smooth and thick, like a cabbage, usually of medium size in green or blue-green. Also, there are small light yellow petals rounded at the top.
Rutabaga is a close relative of the turnip that can withstand not only mild cold, but also the first frosts. The vegetable has a beautiful shape, a purple root with a smooth, small neck and a well-marked taproot with a minimum of lateral roots.
The fruit is free from stains and bruises. The root is rather firm, fresh, sweet and not bitter, heavy for its size. Light rutabagas can be woody.
Usually the fruit is fleshy, onion or spherical with a rough top with a slightly irregular shape, which is 8-12 cm in diameter. The colors depend on the variety and can be purple, white or yellow, sometimes greenish.
The shell is usually thin with a pale yellow color and yellowish flesh. Swede tastes like a sweet soft turnip, with a soft pepper flavor, like cabbage and turnip. This nutritious, inexpensive and easy-to-cook vegetable is an indispensable product for any family or on a student diet.
Brassica is also referred to as swede, native to Europe, but not known in the wild. Perhaps it appeared in the sixteenth century, as an allotetraploid, obtained from wild cabbage, garden cabbage and turnips. Recognize two varieties: var. napus and var. napobrassica (in English: rutabaga or swede).
Rutabagas have always been grown for food for both humans and animals. Swede was imported from Europe to North America, North Asia and other countries, including Australia and New Zealand.
Swede is now grown rarely in the highlands of Southeast Asia, in the states of Washington and Oregon. Canada exports its so-called Canadian swede.
In addition to its soft, peppery, sweet taste, rutabaga is a famous source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, thanks to which it benefits the whole body.
Eating only 140 grams of turnips you get 35 mg of vitamin C, 0.14 mg of vitamin B6, 74 mg of phosphorus, 0.126 mg of vitamin B1, 12.07 g of carbohydrates, 427 mg of potassium and 3.2 g of total dietary fiber. It also contains two organic compounds with amazing health benefits - glucosinolates and carotenoids.
1) To improve digestion
Swede naturally contains a lot of fiber. In one cup more than 8.42% of the daily rate of fiber, which makes it a vegetable with one of the densest high fiber content.
Fiber improves digestion, normalizes stools and encourages cleansing of the body. Therefore, it is often used for constipation. It is proven that dietary fiber intake increases stool frequency in patients with constipation.
Some studies show that a large amount of fiber in your diet is important for treating conditions such as gastrointestinal diseases, stroke, hemorrhoids, cholesterol, diabetes, stroke and some forms of cancer.
A powerful blow to turnips with dietary fiber makes it an ideal vegetable for the general well-being of the body.
2) Prevents cancer
The rutabagum consists of a larger amount of antioxidant compounds, which are a potential natural cure for cancer. Glucosinolates are sulfur compounds that have proven to be effective in reducing the growth of cancer cells. Many studies have shown that vegetable protects against lung cancer.
Everyone understands that the risk of developing cancer increases with age. However, it can occur at any age.
High-fat foods are one of the most common causes of prostate cancer, while cruciferous vegetables such as turnip, cabbage, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, watercress and mustard are the best options for reducing the risk of developing prostate cancer.
3) Enzyme function
Цинк – необходимый ключевой компонент для многих ферментных функций по всему телу, без которого наши телесные процессы становятся неэффективными, что приводит к более опасным проблемам со здоровьем.
Умеренные количества цинка, найденные в брюкве, высоко оценены именно по этой причине. Брюква состоит из 0,34 мг цинка — это 3,09% суточной дозы и, как правило, рекомендуется включать овощ в свой регулярный рацион.
4) При диабете (и для похудения)
Брюква часто заменяет роль картофеля в приготовлении многих блюд. And since the vegetable does not contain a lot of carbohydrates, which break down into simple sugars, it does not wreak havoc on the levels of glucose and insulin in the body.
Therefore, it is often used as an alternative to potatoes for diabetics and those who just want to lose weight. Vegetable significantly helps prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
Although it contains only 20% less carbohydrates in equal parts than in potatoes, but the additional nutritional value makes turnip a much wiser and more tasty choice.
5) Pressure and heart disease
The rutabagum consists of an impressive amount of potassium (as already mentioned), which is useful for lowering blood pressure by reducing stress and reducing blood vessels. This allows you to simplify the passage of blood, increase oxygenation of important organs and systems and reduce the likelihood of blood coagulation.
By combining potassium with fiber in the swede, we can easily reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood, which means you have a reliable way to prevent atherosclerosis, and effectively reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
6) Metabolic function
Swede - the most necessary vegetable for vegetarians, because it provides the body with this protein, followed by almost all vegans. And it is very difficult to replenish the body with protein, if you do not eat meat. B
Christmas trees and amino acids are the building blocks for new cells and are needed for growth, healing and other important processes in the body.
7) Strong bones
Vegetable contains several important minerals, such as zinc, calcium, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus, all of which are important in the creation and maintenance of bone tissue.
In the world of osteoporosis affects millions of people, so you need to keep your bones healthy and strong, and then with age you can avoid this problem.
8) Fruit is rich in potassium
Rutabaga is a root vegetable with a good source of potassium. Potassium is an important mineral for the proper functioning of cells, tissues and organs in the human body. It is also an electrolyte, which means that it conducts electricity in the body, along with sodium, calcium and magnesium chloride.
Potassium is always necessary for the proper functioning of the heart, for skeletal and smooth muscle contraction, digestion and muscle function. And it is best to replenish it with natural sources.
People who take potassium in their diets have a lower risk of developing a stroke, especially ischemic stroke. The swede consists of 427 mg of potassium, which is 9.09% of the daily recommended value.
9) For the immune system
For the flow of many physical processes, for example, the functioning of the immune system for the production of white blood cells, you need vitamin C.
It helps improve the outcome of pneumonia, malaria and diarrhea infections. In general, we need it for the functioning of the immune system and modulation of resistance to infectious agents, to reduce the risk, severity and duration of infectious diseases.
Increasing the consumption of swede, we will get the necessary daily dose of vitamin C, so stock up on an arsenal of vegetables, and when the cold and flu season pass by you.
10) For a positive mood
Vegetable consists of an impressive amount of vitamin B6, which is involved in the production of hormones in the brain, it is useful in the treatment of nervous disorders, mood, and some diseases that may occur as a result of deficiencies in the function of neurotransmitters.
Studies show that patients taking vitamin B6 supplements can easily lift their spirits, experience less pain, and also avoid lack of energy and concentration.
Other benefits of swede:
- It additionally helps prevent baldness.
- Removes premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
- The likelihood of type 2 diabetes is reduced.
- It protects against heart disease as well as fragile bones.
- There is evidence that its composition helps repair DNA.
- Rutabagum increases stamina.
- Improves digestion.
- Increases the amount of breast milk.
- The frequency of migraines decreases.
- Regular use of swede helps prevent stroke as well as epileptic seizures.
- Due to its high fiber content, swede controls cholesterol.
How to use rutabaga?
- This vegetable is an important source of vegetable oil seeds.
- Seed oil is used in the manufacture of lubricants, varnishes, soaps, resins, nylon, plastic, repellent, stabilizers and pharmaceuticals.
- Yellow flesh rutabagna, which has a bitter taste, is usually used for human nutrition, and the one with whitish flesh is used as a fodder crop.
How to eat?
- Edible hilly root is eaten raw or boiled.
- Swede boiled, baked, fried, used as a taste enhancer for soups and fried foods.
- Served as a main ingredient for meat dishes, as well as in a popular Christmas dish ‘lanttulaatikko’ casserole in Finland.
- Raw vegetables are finely chopped and used as a side dish or in a salad.
- It is prepared along with mashed potatoes, carrots with butter, cream or milk for mashed air.
- In Norway, a vegetable is considered a necessary addition to many festive dishes, especially with herring.
- In Scotland, cooked and crushed swede and potatoes, so it turns out the traditional Scottish national dish "haggis".
- It is useful to use turnips in stews.
- Mashed potatoes are made not only with potatoes, but also carrots and added to roasts.
- Canadians use turnips as a filler for foods such as minced meat, Christmas cake, or as a side dish for Sunday dinner.
- Americans like to use vegetable in stews and casseroles, served with mashed potatoes or baked in pasta.
- Swedes boil vegetables with carrots to cook either mashed potatoes, or add butter and ground pepper in England.
- Perfect for soups as a flavor enhancer.
- The leaves are edible too.
- Swede contains raffinose, which are complex sugars that can sometimes cause abdominal discomfort, bloating and flatulence.
- If you are allergic to turnips, cabbage, spinach, or any other cruciferous vegetables, talk to your doctor before adding swede to your diet.
- When buying rutabagas, choose only those that are yellow or yellow-brown in color, as well as smooth, skinless, without any signs of wrinkling.
- Before cleaning the swede, wash it first, and also remove the peel, because sometimes it is covered with wax.
- Vegetable stored for up to one week when it is in the fridge.
Various methods of cooking swede:
Swede eat both raw and boiled. Since it is waxed, it is better to peel. It can be baked, roasted, boiled, stewed, steamed, roasted in the microwave.
The simplest cooking is to boil and crush together with the potatoes. You can fry with potatoes. Finely chopped rutabagas are added to enhance the flavor of the stew. Also cut it and add to soups.
In its raw form.
Peel the vegetable with a small neat knife and rub into the salad with cabbage and carrots.
Cut the cleaned swede into 0.5 cm slices. Give plenty of water. Cover with foil and bake until done.
Vegetable fried with vegetable oil, very tasty with onions.
Put all the turnip in boiling water and cook for about 20 minutes. Chopped rutabaga is cooked up to 10 minutes.
Place the cubed swede in the pan. Add broth to cover the bottom of the pan for 2 cm and simmer for 20 minutes.
For a couple.
Whole or sliced swede can be steamed for 25 to 35 minutes.
In the microwave.
Swede cubes are placed in the microwave for quick preparation. Add 3 tbsp. spoons of any liquid: water, broth, etc .. Cover with a lid and boil for about 7 to 9 minutes. Remove and allow to stand before serving.
Swede can be stored in the freezer. It is cut into strips. And then freeze. After defrosting the vegetable is prepared in the same way, or rubbed raw on salads.