It is truly a beautiful plant in all respects. It only recently began to appear in our flower beds. Sulpiglossis, the cultivation of seeds of which presents certain difficulties, is striking in its beauty and variety of shades. The name of the plant consists of Greek words with the following meanings: trumpet (“salpinx”) and tongue (“glossa”), due to the unusual shape of the flower. In nature, there are no more than 18 species of this plant. His homeland is considered to be South America. Salpiglossis is a beautiful flower with straight and thin stems. In height, these garden flowers grow to 40-90 cm. They have silky pubescence. The next leaves are sedentary and petioles. They can be solid, serrated and pinnose incised. The main advantage of this plant is large, funnel-shaped flowers with a variety of colors. Their feature is a spectacular combination of different shades. The fruits of the plant are oval bilocular seed boxes. One and two year old salpiglosis is grown in our latitudes. Growing from the seeds of this flower is hampered by the fact that it has very small seeds. So, in one gram they contain 5-6 thousand! Their germination lasts up to 5 years.
This unique flower is created by nature in order to admire it. If there is a resting place near the house, plant a salpiglossis near it. Growing from seed can be done in a seedling and seedless manner. When sowing seeds in open ground in autumn or spring, thinning of seedlings at a distance of 30 cm will be required. For seedlings, sowing of a flower is done in March. Seeds are left on the soil surface, they are pressed a little, watered and covered with glass. Crops pritenyayut paper. The first shoots will appear only after 14-20 days. At this time, the crops should be provided with a constant temperature of 15-20 ° C. The grown seedlings dive and plant in rows after 5 cm. For a permanent place, the grown seedlings are planted in June. The distance between the seedlings is 30 cm. Salpiglossis, the cultivation from the seeds of which is very laborious and often ends to no avail, is very difficult to grow. This plant, when sown in the ground, often simply does not germinate, and when propagated by seedlings, the seedlings do not tolerate the transplant. But if the florist still receives a blooming salpiglossis, he will produce it all the time.
Caring for this plant is much easier than growing from seed. Salpiglossis prefers fertile permeable soil. This flower is moisture-loving, so the soil must be hydrated, although it should not be allowed to clog. Over the summer, it is necessary to carry out complex fertilizers several times. This procedure stimulates abundant and long flowering. Planted this plant in sunny places, protected from wind gusts. This flower pleases with long flowering (June-October). Salpiglossis in cutting costs quite a long time, so it can be used for decorating the premises. Flowers reaching 5 cm in diameter look very picturesque against the background of a green lawn, shading the beauty of its colors.
Reproduction of salpiglossis
Sepiglossis notched out multiplied by seeds. In the ground, the seeds can be sown under the winter, then the flowering will be early, but the seeds may not ascend after a harsh winter. You can also sow in spring, in April or in early May. Then the plant will bloom by mid-July. When the seedlings grow, planting should be thinned out.
You can sow in March for seedlings. If you use a seed box, then you need to sow less often, and then carefully pick it down without damaging the roots. In pots you can sow 5 seeds.
In both cases, the seeds do not need to sprinkle, just press a little and water. Then cover with glass or film. Keep pots or boxes at a temperature of 20 ° C, ventilated.
In a few weeks the seeds will sprout. It will be necessary to air now, by accustoming the seedlings to fresh air for a longer time, and then completely remove the glass. Grown up seedlings also need to be thinned, leaving the strongest ones.
When the sprouts become 10 cm, they will need to be pinned in order to better bush them. Seedlings should be planted in May, after the spring frosts. When planting it is necessary to observe an interval between plants of 25 cm.
Salpiglossis has hybrid varieties.
Casino Mix - A plant about 45 cm tall, blooms with bright flowers. Bushes need support.
Festival and Flamenco - dwarf varieties.
There are mixes for sale: Grandiflora - plants up to 80 cm tall with large multi-colored flowers, Dunja - up to 100 cm tall, flowers of various shades.
Salpiglossis is best planted in groups. From a distance, they look bright spot. The plant is perfect for planting on rabatki and flower beds. Salpiglossis can fill the voids among perennial plants.
Low-growing varieties are suitable for growing in bowls or pots, which can be put on the balcony or near the house.
Bright colors of salpiglossis perfectly frame plants with silver leaves, for example, Schmidt wormwood. Beautiful combination with purple lobularia or blue lobelia.
Characteristics of salpiglossis
These flowers belong to the nightshade. His homeland is South Amerka, most of all it grows in Chile. As you can immediately see, the shape of the flower is tubular, because of this, the plant got its name: in Greek, salpiglossis means “pipe-tongue”.
The most remarkable thing about a flower is its color. It is really unusual: bright, fantastic shades mix up, contrasting veins are visible on the surface of a velvety flower. Connect blue, purple, purple, yellow colors.
The flower itself is low, the bushes do not grow above 1 m. The flowers are of medium size, with a diameter of up to 5 cm. Flowering begins in June and ends in September-October (depending on the climatic zone). Seeds ripen closer to mid-autumn - these are oval-shaped boxes (they can be used for seedlings).
In the photo you see a beautiful sample of a flower that grows in optimal conditions for it.
Growing salpiglossis from seeds
The plant multiplies well with seeds. Seeds have high germination, with them problems usually do not happen. I usually do not soak the seeds, but I sow them immediately in wet soil, this is done in early March, so that by the beginning of May we have good seedlings.
Capacities for seedlings can be taken not very deep, this is not necessary at all. A shallow wide box or plastic box will do. The soil should be loose, and when sowing the distance between the seeds should be quite large.
Seeds should not be buried too deep in the ground, just slightly pressed into the ground surface.
Then the container is covered with glass or film and set up under the rays of the sun, but in a cool place (not higher than 20 degrees).
When caring for seedlings is important:
- Air out
- Remove condensate
- Do not remove the film immediately after the seeds have sprung.
- Let the sprouts acclimatize (first remove the film for a couple of hours, then increase the time without film)
- Pick up after leaflets appear.
Be careful when picking: the flower sprouts are very delicate, the roots are easily damaged.
After you plant sprouts in different pots, watering the seedlings is not very active, salpiglossis does not like abundant watering.
Landing salpiglossis in the ground
After the seedlings grow up and warm days are established on the street, it will be possible to start transplanting seedlings into the open ground. Depending on your climate zone, it will be different times.
The most important thing is for you to be sure that after landing in the ground there will be no frosts in your area. Sulpiglossis does not tolerate frost.
Requirements for the landing site:
- Good light
- Neutral acidity
- A large amount of humus
Prepare the wells in advance. Add sand, peat, ash to the soil. The distance between the holes is not less than 25 cm. The holes must be deep, you will plant a whole earth ball in them, and not just a plant with bare roots (such a procedure will not transfer the flower).
In general, it should be remembered that the flower does not tolerate the transplant. Try to do as carefully as possible, it will guarantee that your seedlings will take root in the flower bed.
After planting, the plant requires abundant watering.
Summer care for salpiglossis
There are three things that salpiglossis does not tolerate:
- Water stagnation
- Subzero temperature
Your task is to provide the flower with exactly such conditions so that these negative moments do not exist. If hot weather begins, do not forget to water every day. In the evenings, it is important to spray the flower.
If it rains, then of course we skip watering. In cool weather, when the soil dries slower, you can water the salpiglosis a couple of times a week. Immediately after watering the soil should be loosened.
Bushes love to be pinched. Do not be afraid to perform this procedure, it will only make the plant more lush.
If faded buds appear on the bush, they should be removed. If the care is correct, then in the southern regions the flower will be pleasing to the eye until October (before frosts).
People often ask if they need fertilizing. Yes, it will help improve flowering, but at the same time you shouldn’t be addicted to feeding, it can be done a couple of times during the summer season, this will be enough.
Types and varieties
Salpiglossis notched (Salpiglossis sinuata) is common - it was he who became the ancestor of the mass of modern varieties with various colors.
The height of the plant is about 60-90 cm, but there are also more miniature, curb varieties with a height of 30 cm.
On sale you can find, as a rule, a mixture of colors. Several variety groups are derived:
- low (Nanum) - up to 40 cm, the bushes are thick, lush, flowering is very abundant. A great option for containers, so if you are looking for a plant for a balcony, choose varieties that have a postscript - var. Nanum.
- Superbissima - these are the same flowers that can often be seen in the photo - corrugated, with pronounced veins. Plant height - up to 60 cm
- grandiflora - flowers are larger than other species. These are very tall plants that look great in flowerbeds as a dominant. tall plants with branched peduncles and a mass of large flowers.
Landing, choice of place
The best option is a well-protected from the winds, a bright place with fertile, well-fertilized soil (it is enough to dig up ordinary garden soil with a small amount of ash, sand, peat and humus). The soil should have a neutral or slightly acid reaction.
The plant can grow in partial shade, but the flowering will be much weaker.
The plant is excellent in container culture, in winter it can be grown as indoor in rooms. As a soil, either universal land for flowering plants is used, or a mixture of floral soil with coarse (quartz, river) sand - it is important that the soil for planting is loose, nutritious.
For winter cultivation you need a bright, preferably slightly cool room (but not below 16 degrees).
If the place is chosen correctly, the care will not require much trouble:
- Watering moderate. A plant that lacks moisture will bloom poorly and grow poorly, an excess can lead to root decay. In summer, the plant must be watered daily. If the plant is planted in a pot, you should wait until the soil dries (but not to the state of dust), and only then water.
- It is advisable to spray the plants daily.
- It should regularly remove wilted flowers - this will prolong the flowering period.
- Varieties with tall and thin stems will need support.
- Like many flowering plants, salpiglossis is responsive to mineral fertilizers. Feed the plant quite often - 1 time in two weeks during the flowering period of complex mineral fertilizer.
- Regular pinching - allows you to form a lush bright bush. This is one of the most important moments of plant care. Seedlings pinch 3-4 times.
Seeds are inexpensive, germination is usually high. Sowing seeds for seedlings - in March. They are sown in shallow containers, individually. Sprinkle with a thin layer of earth, moisten, cover with glass, put in a warm, well-lit place. Sometimes you can meet the recommendations - to put on germination in a shady place, and only when the shoots appear, transfer to a lighter one.
Daily air, if necessary, sprayed from a spray bottle. In 10-15 days, shoots will appear.
When a pair of true leaves appear at the entrances, they dive into separate pots. Picks need to be done carefully, the plants have a rather fragile root system.
There is another option (if there are a lot of seeds and it is not a pity to throw out part of the seedlings): leave the seedlings in the container, but thin out, keeping a distance of 3-4 cm between them when they grow and take root well, plant them in separate pots (15 cm. diameter).
But still experienced gardeners recommend transplanting when the plants are still very small - the real leaves barely appeared. In such a "tender" age, surprisingly, it is much easier not to damage fragile roots.
Sowing in the ground
Planting in open ground - in early May. On a selected site, dig shallow holes (2-3 cm), keeping a distance of 25 cm between them, put seeds into each well, sprinkle them lightly, and water them. Plants will begin to bloom in the second half of summer.
The plant is not capricious in general, but like any guest from warm countries, it does not have too much immunity and can be affected by diseases and pests:
- Fungal diseases. If you find spots on the stems or leaves, all the affected areas should be removed and the plants treated with fungicide. If the plant is severely affected, it is better to completely destroy it, so as not to risk other specimens. Prevention: planting seeds in sterilized soil, seedling treatment with a fungicide.
- Aphid. To get rid of it there are a number of folk remedies, as well as insecticides.
Fantastic variety ‘Kew Blue’
Application in landscape design
Used in group mono plantings or in combination with other plants. Goes well with:
- With closely related petunias, bright salpiglossis looks especially beautiful against a background of floriferous petunias with pure white flowers.
- Salvia - this yearling is universal, a good companion for salpiglosis.
- With marigolds. Picking up the correct varieties of marigolds and salpiglossis, you can create a very bright accent in the garden: along the paths, in the flowerbed, near the house, benches, arbors.
- With silver cinerarias - they are an excellent background for many plants; bright salpiglosis will not be an exception. The silver tones of cineraria emphasize the brightness of its colors.
- As well as with scabiosa, small-scale spines, ornamental cabbage, matricaria, chrysanthemums - all these cultures, according to reviews, are very comfortable neighbors for a flower.
Of course, the most spectacular salpiglossises of various colors in mass plantings are an exotic, bright spot, pleasing the eye with a variety and purity of colors. Its flowers resemble gems, they want to be considered, therefore the foregrounds will be an ideal place for a plant: along paths, fences, as a border in a flowerbed.
The most famous varieties and varieties of plants
The magnificent herbaceous plant salpiglossis is known to many gardeners under the name "pipe-tongue". It can transform any household plot beyond recognition: to make it beautiful and fragrant. Its elegant velvet flowers, whose diameter is about 6 cm, resemble large bells of various shades (ranging from yellow, white and ending with blue), alternate, whole or pinnately leaves.
The plant can reach a height of 15 cm to 1 m and blooms from early summer to mid-autumn. It is a one-year and perennial (two-year) species, the birthplace of which is South America. Presented photo will give you all his magical beauty.
The family of this plant is about 20 unique species, among which are annual and perennial salpiglossis.
Its most popular type is considered salpiglosis notched. Its thin stems, covered with sticky hairs, can reach up to 1 m in height. It has wavy or jagged leaves and velvety, funnel-shaped flowers with five petals. It is pleasing to the eye and the versatility of the color of notched salpiglossis. A luxurious representative of this type is shown in the following photo.
Most often, there are such varieties of notched salpiglossis:
- low (its branching bushes reach only 40 cm in height, it has a lush flowering),
- large-flowered (tall variety covered with large flowers),
- superbissimy (the variety is distinguished by beautiful corrugated flowers and non-branching stems).
Planting and caring for salpiglossis
First of all, for a plant it is worth choosing the right place. Perfect shaded area, which will be well protected from sudden gusts of wind. Fertile soil rich in humus can provide rapid growth of salpiglossis.
Посадку трубкоязычника в открытый грунт начинают в начале мая, после окончания последних ночных заморозков. Изначально, еще за неделю до посадки, землю перекапывают с добавленной золой, небольшим количеством торфа и песка. This plant loves neutral and slightly acidic soil.
In the selected area make the depth of 2.5 cm, placed at a distance of 25 cm from each other. They sow the seeds, lightly sprinkle with a thin layer of soil and pour water.
Provide moderate watering to the plant. The lack of moisture will lead to a decrease in flowering abundance and a decrease in growth activity, and its excess may cause rotting of the plant root system. In the summer season, the plant requires daily watering and spraying, and in the fall and spring it will be enough for him two or three procedures per week.
To salpiglossis pleased you with constant flowering, in a timely manner remove dried flowers from it. In their place will soon appear fresh buds. Also for this purpose, form the claws.
Attention! If you grow varieties with tall and thin stems, provide them with props. This will not allow the plants to break.
Reproduction and fertilizing plants fertilizers
You can not even imagine what a huge pleasure you will bring a magnificent salpiglossis. Growing crops from seeds can be done in two ways:
The most suitable time for germinating seeds is March. For their landing use wide and shallow containers. Seeds should be sown individually in a loose and moist soil. After that, the container with seedlings covered with glass and put on a well-lit window sill.
The first two weeks you need to periodically ventilate the container with seedlings and remove condensate. Shoots will seem in 10-15 days. When the first leaves appear, shoots dive into separate cups.
Attention! Repot seedlings very carefully, because their root system is very fragile.
Pinch the tops to the seedlings several times so that they develop faster. Do not forget about moderate watering of plants. At the end of May, seedlings can already be planted in open ground. Planted salpiglossies should bloom in late June.
However, plant seeds can be planted immediately in open ground, usually in early May. Here are just a bloom salpiglossis in this case, you will demonstrate only in the second half of summer. Its seeds are sown in loose, moist and prepared soil in shallow wells. They are covered with earth and watered.
Seed germination is quite high. When sprouts reach 4 cm in height, they should be a little thin.
Sulpiglossis responds well to mineral fertilizers. Such feeding is necessary to carry out about two times a week. This procedure is especially important during the flowering period of the plant. This will enrich the soil and contribute to the active development of pipe pipe.
As you can see, the plant does not require special care, it does not take much free time and effort from you.
Dangerous diseases and pests
The most dangerous pest for salpiglossis is aphid. As soon as you notice the plants damaged by it, treat them with an insecticidal composition. In addition, the danger is the defeat of the fungus, from which the plant begins to change its color, rot and may die. For prevention in this case, it is recommended to treat the soil with a fungicide.
Sulpiglossis: combination with other plants and application in landscape design
Attractive exterior and fairly simple care for salpiglossis could not ignore the modern landscape designers.
The plant gives excellent combinations with salvias, petunias, tsinarii and marigolds. It also looks very impressive against the background of various coniferous plants. His azure, purple, blue, purple, white, yellow, gold and dark brown tones will fill with any bright colors any flower bed and will cause a lot of admiring glances.
You can see the wonderful uses of salpiglossis in landscape design in the following photos.
Having planted a bright salpiglossis on your plot, you will fill the surrounding exterior with harmony and comfort, make it stylish, neat and well-groomed.
Sulpiglossis belongs to the Paslyonov family, and its homeland is considered to be South America. The plant has thin erect and sometimes branched stems covered with villi, creating a feeling of some stickiness.
Small green leaves can have straight, pinnate and jagged edges. The flowers have a funnel shape and are collected in lush beautiful inflorescences. They can be painted in various shades: from white and pale yellow to bright pink and purple. Petals often have fancy motley patterns for which gardeners so appreciate salpiglossis.
There are about twenty perennial and annual plant species, but in middle latitudes, selectional ornamental varieties are common, which are divided into low-growing, high and medium.
We select the appropriate soil
In order for salpiglossis to feel comfortable and to enjoy abundant flowering, it is necessary to prepare a suitable soil. It should be loose, light, nutritious and enriched with humus. Full drainage is required, and the optimal response is neutral or slightly acidic. The clay soil will not work, the moisture in it will stagnate, and the roots rot.
You can independently prepare a substrate from a part of sand, two parts of sod land and half of an ash. Peat can be added to normalize the level of acidity, but only 100 grams per kilogram of soil is enough.
Tip: the finished soil mixture should be disinfected by holding it in a water bath or calcined in the oven.
Choosing a place in the garden
For planting salpiglossis, you need to choose a place that is protected from ultraviolet radiation, since direct sunlight will adversely affect flowers and dry foliage. The plot should be pritenyonny: for example, it may be located next to a spreading tree or near a tall bush.
The stems of the plants are rather thin and fragile, as are the flowers, so salpiglossis is contraindicated for strong gusts of wind and drafts. Protect the shoots from such effects to preserve their beauty. A young flowers better to provide support in the form of wooden pegs.
How to grow?
Planting plants immediately in the soil at a permanent place is possible only in regions with a mild and warm climate, since the seeds will not be able to ascend after frost and temperature drops. If the climate is temperate, then it is better to grow a salpiglossis flower in the usual seedling way.
Plant cultivation should begin at the end of March or at the beginning of April in order to plant it in the garden by May. The soil should be placed in small containers or boxes, loosen and level. Spread the seeds on the surface of the soil and slightly deepen. Next, moisten the substrate with a spray bottle, and cover the container with a film to create a mini-greenhouse.
Containers should be placed in a moderately illuminated and warm enough place. The optimum temperature is about 20 degrees. And do not let the sunbeams hit the greenhouse. Lift the film regularly to remove condensation and air the soil. It is also necessary to moisten the soil as needed.
After two or three weeks the first sprouts will appear from the seeds, and this means that it is time to remove the film. And when each sprout acquires two or three strong leaves, you will need a pick, that is, seating in separate containers. Move the shoots should be very careful, as they have gentle roots.
So that long stems are not damaged, provide them with support. As you grow, you should pinch the upper branches two or three times, otherwise the plant will be excessively high and lose its decorative effect. Also, for tempering and preparing for disembarking to a permanent place, the temperature should be gradually reduced, especially at night.
Cultivation in open ground is possible with the onset of constant heat. So if the temperature does not fall below ten degrees, then carefully transplant shoots into the garden. For two weeks, loosen the soil and add ash. Also, loosening is necessary immediately before disembarking. Sprouts are placed at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other.
How to care?
Caring for salpiglossis involves compliance with several conditions:
- Watering should be regular and moderate, so do not wait for the soil to dry in the heat, but do not overmoisten it. Also, the bushes can be sprayed daily in the summer. After moistening, it is desirable to loosen the soil in order to ensure water penetration to the roots and prevent its stagnation.
- If you regularly pinch the upper central shoots, you can form a lush beautiful bushes and stimulate flowering.
- You should feed salpiglosses growing in the garden twice a month, using mineral fertilizers. And it is especially important to fertilize the soil during the period of active flowering, which occurs at the end of June and July.
- Young and weak shoots need support, so the stems should be carefully tied to wooden pegs to protect against strong gusts of wind and drafts.
- Regular weeding is required, as abundantly growing weeds close salpiglossises, prevent them from developing normally and significantly reduce the nutritional value of the soil.
What problems can you encounter?
When watering the soil and the stagnation of moisture can be faced with the decay of the root system and the subsequent death of plants. In bright sunshine, yellowing and drying are possible. Also, salpiglossis is threatened with fungal diseases, gray rot, powdery mildew, and fusarium. Pests such as aphids, thrips, spider mites are likely to attack. To avoid problems, monitor soil moisture, regularly assess the condition of the plant and carry out preventive treatments with fungicides.
Plant bright salpiglossis in the garden and enjoy these flowers!