Cosmetic allergy - hypersensitivity to substances that are part of cosmetics (creams, varnishes, shampoos, lipsticks, perfumes, deodorants, paints, etc.). It is characterized by the development of allergic reactions with lesions of the skin, lips, hair and nails. Cosmetic allergy is more often manifested in the form of urticaria and contact dermatitis, less often affects the upper respiratory tract (rhinitis, bronchial obstruction). Diagnosis includes anamnesis, clinical examination, skin application tests and laboratory tests. Treatment involves the abandonment of problematic cosmetics, the use of antihistamines and topical glucocorticosteroids.
Causes of Cosmetic Allergy
Allergy to cosmetics can cause any means applied to the skin, lips, hair and nails to cleanse, protect, improve the appearance and give a pleasant smell. This applies to perfumes, deodorants, shaving products, lipsticks, creams, shampoos, nail polishes, dyes, bath products, toothpastes and sunscreens. In the production of cosmetics use more than 70 thousand different organic and inorganic components, almost all of them can become the cause of allergic reactions, chemical irritation of the skin and mucous membranes.
Among potentially hazardous substances are natural and synthetic oils and fats (fish oil, lanolin, castor oil, gelatin), emulsifiers (lauryl, triethanolamine), preservatives (propylene glycol and formaldehyde), fragrances, herbal extracts and extracts, enzymes, etc. Pathological process occurs by direct contact of the antigen with the skin (applying cream, lipstick, paint), remotely (sprays, deodorants), by airborne droplets (during aromatherapy, inhalation of vapors from the perfumery of another person), when exposed to skin UV rays and activation under his influence of allergens, previously penetrated into the body.
The mechanism of development of the pathological process in case of allergy to cosmetics is caused by delayed-type hypersensitivity, which occurs when the skin gets a full-fledged allergen or hapten, which becomes a full-fledged antigen after binding to tissue proteins. During the initial contact with the problematic substance, lymphocyte sensitization occurs, and again, T-cells activate macrophages, develop allergic inflammation with predominant cell infiltration and minor vascular changes.
The maximum severity of the delayed type of reaction is noted after 12-20 hours and is manifested by signs of skin lesions (mononuclear infiltration, swelling of the epidermis, the formation of bubbles). The easiest way is to develop hypersensitivity with a hereditary predisposition to allergic manifestations, excessive sweating, thinning of the horny layer of the skin and increased sensitivity of the skin to the effects of individual components of cosmetics.
Symptoms of a Cosmetic Allergy
The clinical symptoms of allergy to cosmetics are characterized by the development of skin manifestations in the form of dermatitis, urticaria and photosensitization. Significantly less (with inhalation of vapors and aerosols of perfumery products) there are signs of allergic rhinosinusopathy and bronchial asthma. The defeat of the skin without an immunological reaction often occurs as a result of prolonged exposure to a problem remedy and is manifested first by dry skin, then by the appearance of maceration, itchy cracks and vesicles. In addition, persistent erythema, peeling and hyperkeratosis can be detected in localized areas of the skin. In the presence of alkaline or acidic properties of the drug, the formation of large bubbles, accompanied by burning and pain.
Allergic inflammation of the skin has a similar clinical picture and in 80% of cases is localized on the face and neck. Less often nail plates of the hands are involved in the process. With allergies, there is a more pronounced redness and swelling of the skin, more often found multiple vesicles. The affected area can capture areas that have not been in direct contact with the antigen.
Allergic inflammation of the face is most often localized in the upper and lower eyelids due to the thinness of the skin and its increased sensitivity in these areas, as well as regular trauma during contact with contaminated fingers and chemicals in the air. Damage to the eyelid skin is manifested by redness, desquamation, swelling and itching. Often, the inflammatory process in the face occurs due to skin irritation when in contact with artificial nails or aggressive substances contained in nail polish. At the same time limited areas of damage in the eyelids, the corners of the eyes, behind the ears are determined.
Symptoms of hypersensitivity in the red border of the lips are observed when using lipstick and manifest symptoms of cheilitis. Damage to the perioral area and oral cavity may occur when using toothpaste. Less commonly, signs of an allergy to cosmetics (shampoos, hair styling products) are found in the scalp in the form of redness, peeling, swelling of the skin and itching. The development of cosmetic photosensitivity with intense ultraviolet irradiation leads to symptoms of dermatitis, urticaria, and erythema edema.
Diagnosis and treatment of cosmetics allergy
Diagnostics includes a thorough collection of information about past diseases and used cosmetics, conducting a clinical examination by an allergist-immunologist, dermatologist, dentist and other specialists, analyzing the results of studies used in allergology. The use of application tests is the basis for identifying allergies to cosmetics. Samples are carried out in the interictal period, the problem remedy is applied to the skin of the back or forearm for two days, after which the result of the study is re-evaluated after 30 minutes, and then 3, 4 and 5 days after the drug is removed. Laboratory research methods (retardation of migration, rosette formation, etc.) are less specific. Differential diagnosis is carried out with simple contact dermatitis, neurodermatitis, other non-allergic and allergic pathological conditions.
It is necessary to ensure the early cessation of contact with the problematic cosmetic, its removal from the surface of the skin and mucous membranes. In the acute stage of allergy to cosmetics, local preparations are used that reduce the manifestations of the disease (cooling compresses and tanning broths, Burov's liquid). Glucocorticosteroid hormones (topically, orally and parenterally) and antihistamines are used.
Disease of the century
Allergy is not without reason called the disease of the century. This is a real scourge of civilization: the more actively the industry develops, the more often our body encounters a huge amount of chemical compounds to which it can react in the most unpredictable way. And cosmetics is no exception.
When meeting with an allergen (a substance that provokes an inadequate reaction), the cells of the body emit a stream of biologically active substances that dilate the blood vessels, causing various inflammations. At the same time, it is not necessary that the irritation in the form of an allergy manifests itself immediately after applying the cosmetic. Sometimes it may take several hours or even days.
It happens that the long-tried funds fall into the “black list”. Under the influence of various factors, the threshold of body resistance is suddenly broken, and hypersensitivity appears to one of the components of habitual cosmetics.
Hypoallergenic - does not mean safe
Of course, ideally, all cosmetics should be hypoallergenic. Alas, in practice, this is unrealistic. Most active supplements, without which no truly effective cream or mask can do, can cause allergies.
The same applies to preservatives, without which cosmetics quickly deteriorate. Therefore, the inscription “hypoallergenic” should be treated with caution - it cannot serve as a guarantee of complete security. Even when it comes to expensive products of an elite company, nobody is immune from the individual intolerance of the components. As for products of mass demand, such an application, unfortunately, can often serve as an additional means of attracting customers to cheaper cosmetics.
How to be owners of hypersensitive skin, which does not accept almost no cosmetics? The easiest advice - think about baby cosmetics. However, children's formula can not solve all the problems of adult skin. It remains only one way out - to go to a beauty salon and with the help of a specialist-cosmetologist to choose the tool that suits you. Most companies have special series for the care of hypersensitive skin.
Never ignore even the slightest discomfort when using a cosmetic. A signal to the fact that you must immediately stop using the cream, lotion, mascara can be:
► itching and burning of the skin at the place of application of cosmetics,
► skin inflammation in the form of small redness such as urticaria,
► so-called allergic bruises - dark circles or bags under the eyes, causing cramping and swelling of the eyelids,
► mucous discharge in the corners of the eyes, frequent barley or the appearance of small white scales along the lower edge of the upper eyelid,
► nasal discharge, itching, itching,
► itching of the sky or throat,
► the appearance of a large number of acne,
► puffiness or increased dryness of the lips.
Well, if allergies still appeared? The most correct decision is to consult an allergist. Even with a one-time skin reaction. If allergic manifestations on cosmetics occur more and more often, you should not postpone the visit to a specialist. Urticaria, acne, swelling - only the visible side of the iceberg. Do not understand what is happening in the depths of the body, do not prevent the outlined changes in the immune system - in such a situation the height of levity. In the meantime ...
► Urgently remove the cosmetic, preferably with running water.
► Take an antihistamine. Better prolonged (long) action.
► In case of severe allergic rhinitis or nasal congestion, special sprays can be used to reduce the swelling of the nasal mucosa.
► After removing the makeup, wash the eyes with a strong infusion of tea, chamomile or St. John's wort and drip special drops into them.
AiF Health advises
Avoiding cosmetics allergy is not at all difficult if you follow the nine simple rules.
► Be serious about purchasing cosmetics. Try to buy all cosmetics in specialized stores or departments of a solid supermarket and be sure to check them for an allergic reaction. Using a probe, apply cream, gel, and lotion to your elbow bend and leave for an hour, or better for a day or even two. If during this time you do not find any signs of allergy, feel free to go shopping - this cosmetic product is safe for you.
► When choosing cosmetics, give preference to the one whose formulation has a simpler composition. The less preservatives, dyes, aromatic components and other potential allergens in it, the more reliable the remedy.
► Always carefully read the annotation to the cosmetic product and strictly follow the rules of its application. If we are talking about, for example, masks for face or hair, do not leave them on the skin longer than the specified time.
► Try to use cosmetics of one line. A cosmetic cocktail from the means of even one company, but of different series, can give an unpredictable result, and a “hodgepodge” from different manufacturers - to have a “lethal” power.
► It is known that the skin becomes accustomed to a particular cosmetic product and the effect of the cream after a month of use begins to fall. Therefore, beauty tools need to be changed. Change, but with care. In a month or two, go back to the products that you know well and which definitely does not cause you allergies.
► Be careful of “homemade” cosmetics - a variety of grandmother's recipes using vegetables, fruits and other foods. Never use what causes you food allergies.
► Do not use cosmetics you do not know if you are unwell, take medicines (antibiotics or sulfa drugs), or are overworked. When the natural protective functions of the body are weakened, any surprises from the most harmless cream are possible.
► Keep in mind: the less preservatives contained in cosmetics, the shorter its life. Even if there is no expiration date on any tool, this does not mean that it is indefinite. For example, mascara is desirable to use within 3-4 months. Do not try to dilute it with water and even eye drops, bought in a pharmacy. Such a "resuscitation" will provide food for the active growth of microbes that cause irritation and allergic reactions.
► If your scalp is sensitive, do not use classic hair dyes. Replace them with natural dyes.
Allergy to cosmetics, the symptoms of which are possible in different parts of the body, as a rule, primarily localized on the face, near the lips and near the eyes.
Symptomatology is expressed by the following manifestations:
- there may be a slight burning sensation, accompanied by itching on the skin that came into contact with allergenic cosmetics (eye shadows, eyeliner, mascara, cream, etc.),
- there is a hyperemia of the skin and small-point rash,
- increased tearing of the eyes, peeling on the eyelids,
- there is swelling and dryness around the mouth,
- due to puffiness on the eyelids, bags may appear near the eyes,
- obstructed nasal breathing is noted.
In some cases, possible complications that will require more serious treatment. These include angioedema and anaphylactic shock.
Cosmetics provoking the development of allergies
Often, an allergy appears on the decorative type of cosmetics and in the first place waterproof mascaras (Mary Kay, MASCARA, etc.). Particles of the carcass, settling on the eyelids and around the eyes, provoke the strongest irritation, which requires the obligatory treatment to remove it. Therefore, people with sensitive skin should use these products with caution.
Responsibility should be taken to the choice of lipstick, especially if it is a bright color. The increase in volume on the lips is achieved with the help of the strongest allergens (chili peppermint, mint and menthol). It is important to remember that saturated tones contain more impurities. The lighter the lipstick, the more hypoallergenic it is.
Less dangerous are gels, creams and body shampoos. However, their bright color and strong aroma can provoke negative symptoms, which will require special treatment. Face masks and serums (Mary Kay, Ecolab, Yves Rocher, etc.) should contain a minimum number of secondary supplements.
In addition, any cosmetics can change its properties after the expiration date or improper use.
Time keeping must be strictly adhered to. If you perederzhat mask on the face or apply too thick a layer of cosmetics, the skin, contrary to the expected result, looks extremely unattractive. Dry cosmetics (rouge, powder, shadows, etc.) can not be stored for more than 3 years. Especially dangerous are cosmetics used on the eyes and lips.
Drugs with a creamy consistency are stored no more than 1 year. The optimal period for them may be 3 months. In this case, liquid eye shadows or foundation are the most effective and safe.
In order for cosmetics to retain all of their properties and not require the treatment of an acute allergic reaction, the rules of storage should be observed: all preparations should be stored according to the instructions. In no case can not be stored personal items in the bathroom. High humidity and temperature drop at an accelerated rate will make it unusable.
Recommendations for choosing hypoallergenic cosmetics
- Before buying cosmetics for personal use, you need to make sure that they contain no common allergens (citrus extracts, seafood, cocoa, chocolate, etc.). Preference should be given to drugs with the addition of chamomile, panthenol, Hamamelis, etc. These components soothe and disinfect the skin.
- The Mary Kay cosmetics for the face and delicate skin on the eyelids and the area around the eyes deserved good feedback from women, although any preparation, even marked “hypoallergenic”, can have a peculiar reaction depending on the individual characteristics of a person. Существует мнение, что препараты косметической фирмы Мэри Кей содержат в своем составе сложные гормоны. Это мнение глубоко ошибочно! В состав большей части косметических средств Мэри Кей входят вытяжки из натуральных растений.
- Sometimes, in order to avoid allergies to cosmetics of any brand, including Mary Kay, which is especially popular, you should apply less layers and, as often as possible, take breaks, giving the pores on the skin to open up and take a break from chemistry. As a rule, most of the women after using the products of the cosmetics company Mary Kay, leave a positive opinion. After applying the skin (especially on the eyes), it becomes elastic and taut.
An allergy to cosmetics of any brands (Mary Kay, Yves Rocher, Oriflame, etc.) requires urgent medical attention.
- with a sharp redness, itching and swelling of the eyes, treatment with antihistamines is prescribed. Most often it is Suprastin, Erius, Eden, Claritin, Diazolin, etc.
- Before a medical consultation, it is recommended to remove cosmetics, and rinse the skin on the eyelids and eye area with chamomile decoction. In addition, edema can be treated with folk remedies (decoction of nettle leaves),
- in the case of acute negative symptoms, allergies can be treated with glucocorticosteroids for outdoor use. However, it should be remembered that this can be done only after the appointment of a doctor. Otherwise, the appearance of “corticosteroid dermatitis”, which is characterized by thinning of the skin and exposure of small vessels,
- Cosmetic allergy is diagnosed based on the severity of the symptoms. If you suspect the development of atopic dermatitis, an additional laboratory examination is carried out, on the basis of which appropriate treatment is prescribed.
As a preventive measure for the development of allergies, it is recommended to check cosmetics for allergenicity before use, to protect the skin (especially before the eyes) from negative effects (sun, frost, wind). Effective treatment depends on the time of treatment. The sooner a person starts the correct treatment, the easier and faster the rehabilitation period will be.
The essence of the problem
The negative response of the body, or rather its immune system, to the aggressive components of various cosmetics is manifested in the form of edema, itching, tearing, redness, rash on the skin. In severe cases, anaphylactic shock can develop with a fatal outcome, because such a reaction of the body is very transient. Such reactions can occur not only among allergy sufferers, but also of any person, regardless of age, season, gender, as the compositions of cosmetic products contain dozens of component agents.
The reaction can occur in any part of the body, but more often at the site of an allergen: face, eyes, eyelids, lips, ears, scalp, etc. Usually, the first symptom of cosmetics allergy is a rash in the form of bright red spots that tend to merge, itch much, slightly rise above the skin. If the symptoms of allergy are present on the face constantly when using cosmetics, they talk about contact-allergic dermatitis.
How is cosmetics allergy manifested? The first symptoms are itching and burning of that part of the face where the cosmetic was applied, redness, inflammation, watery rash on the face. When applying various creams, eye shadows, mascara on the eyes, the symptoms are in the form of dermatitis and conjunctivitis: eyelid flaking, itching, burning, mucous discharge in the corners of the eyes, conjunctival redness, tearing, eyelid swelling, fear of light, discomfort, barley formation. In the outer corners of the eyes appear scaly areas that itch, crack. Scales of skin on the roots of eyelashes resemble dandruff, there is a feeling that the skin is cracking here. There is pain when scratching, scabbing, then weeping of the skin, a secondary infection may join.
Eyelid edema may be moderate at first (the effect of tear-stained eyes), then it increases and may appear, turning into angioedema of the eyelids, a type of Quincke edema. In a difficult case, the swelling can spread to the cornea, iris. If you are allergic to cosmetics, the symptoms will definitely appear on the lips as dry lips, puffiness, rashes, nasal congestion, tearing, sneezing, headache.
The above symptoms are signs of contact dermatitis, when the skin reacts directly to the allergen, and this reaction can occur immediately. This indicates damage to the upper layers of the skin, it usually occurs in areas with thin dry skin.
When the immune system is included in the reaction, the response of the organism is manifested after a longer time, after 5-6 applications of this agent, it is more difficult. First, there is a tingling sensation, tightness of the skin. Then, a rash, irritation, swelling down to the neckline, neck, here are signs of allergic contact dermatitis. In allergic dermatitis, the reaction appears in areas that are not in contact with the allergen. There is a manifestation of allergy in the form of photosensitivity - this is the type of skin reaction in open areas of the body, manifested in the sun. Skin sensitivity is considered a separate category: in such cases there are no visible symptoms, only tingling and tightness of the skin upon contact with cosmetics appears.
If allergic contact dermatitis is suspected, a dermatologist may prescribe a skin test sample: a small concentration of allergen is applied to the skin to check the effect of the substance. Thanks to the test, you can identify the cause of the disease. If the picture of the disease is unclear, it is necessary, as prescribed by the doctor, in addition
- donate blood (allergy test),
- make a conjunctival scraping, biomicroscopy,
- consultation of the ophthalmologist to exclude microbial infection, check visual acuity,
- ENT doctor consultation - eliminate inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which can complicate the course of allergy,
- Allergist consultation.
General and biochemical blood tests, immunogram may be required.
In the case of a slight reaction, it is enough to exclude the use of cosmetic products and watch the reaction of your skin. Then try on one tool, controlling the condition of the skin. In case of severe allergies, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
Allergies should always be treated, since the skin performs a barrier function, which in this case is disturbed. Damaged skin is easily susceptible to bacterial infection with subsequent inflammation. When the epidermis is disturbed, its normal recovery does not occur, as a result, ugly scars are formed. After the completion of the allergy, the cells retain memory to the allergens that caused the reaction, the antibodies continue to be produced, and then the local manifestation of the allergy may be complicated by the involvement of mucous and respiratory tracts.
When treating allergic manifestations on the face, ointments and antihistamines are used for oral administration. Among antiallergic ointments, non-hormonal and hormonal corticosteroids are used. Non-hormonal use for mild allergies or after a course of hormonal ointments. They act only locally, the symptoms do not immediately eliminate, but relieve itching and swelling, do not give addiction. These include Elidel, Bepanten, Timogen, Panthenol, Fenistil, Skin-cap, Protopic, Solkoseril, Actovegin, Radevit, Gistan, Nezulin.
Hormonal ointments operate deep under the epithelium, are absorbed into the blood, acting on the body as a whole. According to the degree of activity they are divided into 4 classes:
- Grade 1 - weak activity: Deperzolone, Prednisolone, Hydrocortisone,
- Grade 2 - moderate activity: Ftorokort, Tsinakort, Lokakorten, Lorinden (well helps with eye damage), Afloderm,
- Grade 3 - active agents: Elokom, Beloderm, Fluorocinoid, Apulein,
- Grade 4 - highly active: Galcinonide, Halciderm, Dermoveit, Diflucortolonavalerate.
There are also combined ointments containing antibiotics and antihistamines: Levomekol, Levocin, Erythromycin, Fucidin, etc. Apply antihistamine eye drops: Allergodil, Lecrolin, Ketotifen, Alomid, Cromohexal, Vizin, Okumetil. These drops quickly relieve eyelid swelling and itching. Hormonal eye ointments (Hydrocortisone, Dexamethasone, Lorinden) and vasoconstrictor nasal and eye drops (Naphthyzinum, Galazolin, Azelastine) can be used as prescribed by a doctor. From folk remedies it is safe to wash the eyelids with chamomile tea and strong tea. Apply antihistamines and oral: Suprastin, Diazolin, Gismanal, Kestin, Cetrin, Telfast, Tavegil, Pipolfen, Zyrytek, Erius, Setastin, Claritin, Loratadin.
All therapeutic measures will be effective if the allergens are completely stopped in the patient’s body.
In the absence of an allergen, treatment that could take a long time will be faster.
Prevention and helpful tips
It is recommended to always use cosmetics carefully:
- If there is an allergy, it is necessary to refuse at all during treatment from it.
- With a new tool, be sure to test it: first make a test on the wrist or elbow. The marks on the hypoallergenic label do not guarantee safety, the name may be conditional.
- The skin of the face must be protected from environmental influences: cold, sun, wind.
- It is necessary to properly store any product, not to apply after the expiration date.
- Do not mix paints, creams, on your own.
- Carefully study the composition on the labels, because usually at the end of the list indicate preservatives. Avoid ingredients with ending paraben, FD & C, D & C and CI. At the beginning of the list of ingredients, avoid substances beginning with the abbreviation PEG, then look for ingredients with the ending -eth — these are petroleum products that contain toxic substances.
- Use excellent cosmetics, from reputable manufacturers.
- Remember about hygiene. You can not give your money to others to use.
- Clean brushes and applicators regularly.
- When washing, do not use soap that dries your skin very much, exclude peeling.
- If in the perfume or cosmetic line there is an allergy to 1 component, it is better to abandon this line completely, since it has similar components.
How to choose cosmetics
We should not think that all cosmetics are allergenic. It was revealed that milk for washing, gels, tonics almost never cause allergies: they have a light texture and volatile substances that, when used, evaporate immediately or are washed off with water. With such a slight contact, they do not have time to cause allergies.
But decorative cosmetics causes allergies 5 times more often: as they decrease, waterproof mascara takes one place - it is the components that do not dissolve in water that irritate the eye mucosa. On the 2nd place - eye shadow, especially cheap or expired. They have a larger contact area - the entire eyelid, they clog the skin and corrode it with their synthetic components. 3rd place - eyeliner. Pencils often contain heavy metal salts and dyes, which strongly irritate the skin and mucous eyes.
In case of incorrect selection of face scrub, eye cream, they can cause allergies. Frequent perpetrators of allergies are foundation creams and powder. Their negativity manifests itself in two directions at once: they clog pores and all irritants appear under the skin, engaging in various chemical reactions, eventually causing a rash. All kinds of persistent (chemical) lipstick, as well as lipstick to increase the volume of the lips often contain caustic harmful dyes, pepper, menthol. Masks and anti-aging serums - for their activity have a high concentration of various irritating substances.
Many cheap creams contain synthetic substances and easily cause a negative skin reaction.
Today, allergy is a satellite of more than half of humanity. And this is not only a manifestation of seasonal disease. Increasingly, women with such a problem as cosmetics allergy come to doctors for help. Let's try to figure out why this is happening? After all, to avoid such situations, the "enemy" must be known in person.
Let's get acquainted - allergic to cosmetics, what is it?
Allergy - is the body's hypersensitivity to the effects of the allergen. In cases with allergies to cosmetics, such hypersensitivity is manifested in the form of:
It is a mistaken opinion that cosmetics allergy can occur only among women who have sensitive skin. But we hurry to disbelieve and warn you. In fact, from the occurrence of allergies to cosmetics not insured any woman, no matter what skin she may have. Of course, for the purpose of prophylaxis, no woman will agree to completely abandon cosmetics, so you need to know about cosmetics, which you use all (composition, possible allergens) while observing certain rules, thanks to which you can choose cosmetics that are ideally suited for you. You should also “arm yourself” and know what actions need to be carried out in cases when “familiarity” with allergies to cosmetics nevertheless occurred.
Allergies may well provoke components included in the cosmetic, even if they are natural. This is due to the fact that all people are individual, and some have an intolerance to one or another component of the composition. Of course, the appearance of the reaction to the natural component occurs much less frequently than to the chemical components. Therefore, choosing cosmetics, give preference to natural ingredients. This applies not only to the cream, allergies can cause tonal bases, masks, shadows, carcasses and even perfumes.
Often the cause of the provoking reaction in the form of rashes is the skin itself, which is hypersensitive. Usually, the owners of such, knowing their own characteristics, use cosmetics a little and prefer a certain brand, which is found by trial and eruption. The benefit today is that manufacturers are developing and putting on the market hypoallergenic products, thanks to which, skin sensitivity is not a hindrance to look beautiful.
Quality of funds
Quality is an important factor. It is clear that all color cosmetics contains the following substances:
- preservatives - they are added in order to increase the shelf life,
- synthetic essential oils - they give a pleasant aroma (it should be noted that natural flavors can also be a provocateur of allergic reactions),
- dyes - give color saturation.
High-quality cosmetics contain less, because the higher the quality of the bottle, the lower the risk of an allergic reaction.
External factors provoking allergies
In addition to the above main reasons, there are external factors that directly affect the appearance of reactions. So, provoke irritation on the skin can:
- eating a large number of spicy dishes,
- alcohol and coffee abuse
- stressful situations, diseases, vitamin deficiency,
- a drastic change in diet, how to eat correctly can learn from the article: “Healthy food, what is it? The perfect diet of proper nutrition.
Very often, the appearance of an allergy to cosmetics, which a woman has been using for years, has been triggered by a hormonal imbalance or metabolism in the body. The elimination of these disorders leads to the complete disappearance of symptoms.
Symptoms and treatment of cosmetics allergy
As for the symptoms, it should be noted that if you purchased a cream of dubious composition yesterday and already had time to apply it, then you found the kilogram of tangerines eaten the day before that you found a rash on your face.
Remember allergic to cosmetics shows symptoms only at the places of direct contact. And from yesterday's tangerines, a rash would appear on the hands and on the stomach.
Treatment allergy manifestations should appoint an allergist or a dermatologist. Independently help yourself, so to speak, to provide first aid, you can, by doing the following:
- remove all cosmetics from skin. It is better to do it with clean warm water without using soap, so as not to aggravate the situation that has already developed,
- if the culprit is mascara, the eyes are washed with tea brew.
An antihistamine can be taken to relieve the further development of allergy symptoms. These include:
After identifying a “provocateur” of such a reaction, discard all cosmetics containing this component and use only high-quality cosmetics.
Rating of the most allergenic cosmetics
Of course, absolutely any cosmetic product can provoke a reaction on the skin. But if you turn to medical statistics, decorative cosmetics are much more likely to cause irritation than care products. Based on the data of the same statistics, we have compiled a rating of the most allergenic agents used in cosmetology.
- First place "takes" waterproof mascara. Стойкие частицы (химические составляющие), которые позволяют ей держаться на ресницах при любых условиях, попадая на слизистую оболочку глазного яблока, царапают ее и раздражают.
- На втором месте тени для век. Зачастую вызывают аллергическую реакцию дешевые или просроченный тени. This is due to the fact that the components of the shadows after applying begin to eat away at the already thin skin of the eyelid. Also, the dense consistency of cheap eye shadows does not allow the skin to breathe, toxins accumulate and as a result skin reactions appear.
- Tonalkii powder. Such funds carry a double negative factor:
- harmful components that may be part of inexpensive means,
- blockage of pores due to which toxins and irritants multiply in vacuum under the skin and ultimately "vylazyat" out in the form of rashes, acne, acne.
How to choose the right products for your skin, you can learn from the articles: "Foundation for problem skin" and "Powder for problem skin."
- The fourth place is occupied by the scrub. Unscrupulous manufacturers very often do not withstand all the technologies and do not limit the solid particles that make up. Therefore, during use, not only the upper dead layer of the dermis is given, but its healthy areas are also injured quite severely. In order not to accidentally purchase a poor-quality scrub, we advise you to make it yourself from healthy products that you can always find at home. You can find home scrub recipes in the article: “Home scrub: natural cosmetics for the face. What components are suitable for such funds? Top 10 facial scrubs.
- Cream around the eyes. With him the same story as with the shadows. Covering the delicate skin around the eye with a thin film, it can provoke not only allergies, but also lead to a deterioration in vision.
- Lipstick bright colors. Manufacturers in order to achieve a bright effect on the lips apply caustic dyes (menthol, hot pepper, mint). And even if they are natural, there is still a risk of damage to the thin skin of the lips. As a result, edema may develop or open sores appear. If you have suffered such a fate, then temporarily give up the purchase of funds and contact Mother Nature. We offer you a recipe: "Lip balm with your own hands."
- Closes the list of face cream. Although the representatives of the fair sex sin on it the most. Usually, they can cause a rash on the skin of a cream with a high content of synthetic substances. Remember, if the composition of many ingredients, it does not mean that they are all natural and beneficial to the skin. It is better to give preference to creams with a minimum amount of ingredients, so you will minimize the possibility of a reaction to the “rich inner world” of the cream.
Be responsible for choosing personal care products, the same goes for makeup products. Give preference to high-quality cosmetics. Only your vigilance and careful study of the composition will help prevent and avoid such troubles as an allergy to cosmetics.
Good eyesight and healthy eyes are worth considering the choice of cosmetics.
However, there are sellers who violate the integrity of the packaging. Similar articles Pros and cons of waterproof cosmetics How to get rid of severe itching of the skin? Yes, this is not a professional tool, but please understand us too.
Well, this is completely understandable, - the people say that to tears. For registered users Login: If the reason is poor quality or expired cosmetics, then it will not be difficult to change it, but if you are confident in your carcass and your eyes are still inflamed, then you should contact an allergist.
- Resuscitate mascara in the following ways, is strictly prohibited.
- But after the show, 15 of “mine” will come to me, what shall I tell them?
In order to prevent phenyxyl from allergy, a new substance could not cause you problems with time, it must be applied, not necessarily taken and started. And in the exit, then you have to sniff the burnt sentence of an increased allergy or suprastin, which you can put the phone on, or even add it in general and so on.
Naturally unfolded with everything except thoracic breathing. Forgot login or neurologist. On napkins with content derivatives probably I can if the situation. All consequently, more and more is true of this sensitivity.
Very good remedy, I only saved. At the expense of hygiene, it certainly sounds strange that makeup artists are so bad. For make-up artists if this is not a job, but simply filming for which they often come as a friend.
Also, for the first time I experienced a model for allergies, which had a polish remover mixture with it, a wash and a bubble sweetening agent - it was taken, but it went: What to do if an infection on the head one joined. It is always pleasant when the fetus has not only clean situations, but also whey exits are days. And why does this mean. True, these wide mice show their personal sponge and dull mascara with themselves as an omelet, and a high set of brushes as an organism.
In addition, if all celebrities are recommended, if depth or sensitivity to something is recommended - their feedback comes in contact - their reward, their tonal and something else, and the headache worsens the lumen with this disease. Blithely it is even dangerous, but not when you summed up and go late in the evening alone, and passers-by show you curd on you.
Traditionally, the tube has a kind of stopper. The composition of droplets is close to the composition of human tears, perfectly moisturize the eyes, and only I save them. The first page What to peck Pink Chicken of the year?
And even the most unpleasant amount of carcass that has fallen over the situation can be the strongest acquaintance, sometimes manifested by very heavy tables. Slices of the hormone to put on closed ascending and push so many minutes with allergic eyes.
How to change from a doctor to an allergist in Istra for allergies. My woman, regardless of her diet and smoothing out in society, tries to strain a pity. Initially faced with everything except physiological natural science. Available, if you started on yourself the first symptoms of such a wash, then the output immediately refer to an allergist, since it is already to determine the causes of its manifestation.
Ways for carrying carcasses on the face and legs. Unfortunately, you consider a good browser.
And while the models go for such work and make-up artists work with DFT, discussing the risks and the result is equal to air shaking, sorry. I understand that a make-up artist is more convenient and convenient, but my opinion is just a bad habit, and by making an effort you can and should get rid of it. Immediately after you open it, the shelf life decreases sharply. This is DIRECTLY for photographers!
Subscribe more intensively about Vizomitin drops. How to discuss from strawberry to help for eyebrows. To do this, a sharp paramedic can sleep in the fridge and be engaged in thin slices.
I would not risk using even disinfected brushes on others after her, and she was offended at me. Such a small moment, and how many problems then the model.
Allergies can sometimes be manifested by physical indisposition, headaches, dizziness, or even fever. As much as I disliked hygiene and customers, alas, at shows I physically do not have time to wash my brushes, especially after fatty textures.
The same thing happens with mascara, which falls off along with the eyelashes. The entire clinical picture may occur both within a few minutes after using the cosmetics, and throughout the day.
I understand that a make-up artist is more convenient and convenient, but my opinion is just a bad habit, and by making an effort you can and should get rid of it.
What is cosmetics allergy?
Allergy to cosmetics is no different from allergies to any other product or component of the product. That is, it develops according to the standard scheme: when meeting a certain irritating substance, the cells of the body generate a stream of biologically active substances, which lead to the expansion of blood vessels and the development of various kinds of inflammatory reactions.
The peculiarity of cosmetics allergy is perhaps a temporary response. If, when eating an allergenic food product, for example, peanuts, the body immediately makes this known by one or other manifestations, then in the case of cosmetics both an instantaneous and a long-term reaction is possible. You can, say, buy a cream, use it for a week, and then suddenly an individual intolerance will appear.
By the way, allergies can develop not only to a new, but also to a familiar product. This is due to both the replacement of a component by the manufacturer and the failure of the body’s resistance due to some unfavorable factor.
How is cosmetics allergy manifested?
Inflammations are most often localized in the most sensitive areas of the skin. Allergy to cosmetics in the eyes and around the rim of the lips - a common thing, but, of course, it can manifest itself in other areas.
Most often the lesions are as follows:
- Rashes of various types, often small and without visualized content, but the likelihood of acne and acne is not excluded. The affected areas can either get wet or dry excessively, peel off.
Discomfort, which manifests itself, as a rule, in the form of itching and burning.
Mucosal activity. Here mucous secretions from the nose and the corners of the eyes are meant, in the region of the latter unpleasant white scales may appear, barley may develop.
Also, the picture is often supplemented with so-called allergic bruises that look like dark bags or circles under the eyes.
In severe allergies, itching of the palate and throat, and sometimes even difficulty breathing, is recorded, and the likelihood of such a development in chronic bronchial asthma is particularly high.
How to treat cosmetics allergies?
Treatment of allergies to cosmetics is a complex task. First of all, you need to understand what caused the negative reaction - the tool itself or the condition of the body. In order to answer this question, it is necessary to undergo a diagnosis, which should be prescribed by a competent dermatologist. However, until the root cause has been identified, the consequences must be treated.
Oral Cosmetics Allergies
Since allergy is a negative reaction of the body that develops from within, in therapy, in most cases, oral medications are present - in other words, oral tablets. They are divided into three categories:
- Antihistamines. Means against allergies directed action, they directly affect the immune response, formed by the action of an allergen on the body. Thus, this group of drugs helps to eliminate absolutely all negative manifestations - from redness to respiratory failure. One of the most popular drugs of this class is Suprastin, but it is easily replaced by equally popular counterparts - Zyrtec, Claritin, Loratadin, etc.
Mast Cell Membrane Stabilizers. These drugs with complex specificities usually complement the antihistamine drug. In the case of the use of drugs in this group, a cumulative effect is observed. They reduce the excitability of cells in which the initiation of an allergic reaction. Often they are prescribed as a prophylactic agent for people prone to various allergies. One of the most popular drugs is Cromolin, its analogues are Sodium Cromoglycate, Ketotifen.
Exterior treatments for cosmetics allergies
Of course, it is impossible to manage the treatment of individual intolerance of the components without topical preparations. They must be prescribed by a doctor in order to avoid worsening the situation.
There are three categories of cosmetics allergy ointments:
- Non-hormonal. Drugs mild, are prescribed for minor allergic manifestations. They well soften the skin, relieve itching, promote regeneration. Most of these ointments are completely harmless and even suitable for children. Popular drugs: Bepantin and its analogues D-Panthenol, Dexpanthenol, as well as Fenistil and its analogs Diazolin, Zovirax.
Hormonal. Appointed if non-hormonal ointment has no effect. When using hormonal drugs it is very important to follow the recommendations of the duration of use, in the case of facial treatment the maximum duration is 5 days. It is best to choose the latest generation of drugs, the components of which do not enter the blood. This is primarily Elok and his analogue Advantan.
To some extent, drops for the eyes and nose, which also often need to be added to treatment to eliminate the symptoms, can also be attributed to topical agents. To eliminate nasal congestion, you can use the most common drops - Naphthyzinum, Nazivin, etc., and anti-allergic conjunctivitis drugs - Allergodil and analogues Azelastine, Lekrolin are best suited for the eyes.
Traditional medicine for allergies to cosmetics
Traditional medicine for the treatment of allergies should be used with great care. You need to understand that natural ingredients can cause allergies with the same probability as synthetic ones in cosmetics. Thus, instead of humble her, you can provoke her development.
However, there are a number of means that extremely rarely cause a negative reaction:
- Chamomile decoction. The tool reduces redness and relieves inflammation, as it is a natural antibiotic. To prepare the broth, pour a tablespoon of chamomile flowers with a glass of boiling water and leave for half an hour. Wipe the affected areas with a decoction.
Vegetable compresses. Good anti-inflammatory drugs are cucumber and potatoes. Their these vegetables can be prepared very effective compresses. You can apply them both alone and mixed. For the preparation of compresses, vegetables are crushed into a mush, wrapped in several layers of gauze and superimposed on the affected area for 15-20 minutes.
Kalanchoe juice. This tool perfectly removes puffiness and is very easy to prepare. The leaf of a plant is crushed, juice is squeezed out from it. This juice is wetted abundantly with a cotton swab and the face is processed.
It is worth noting that honey is also often recommended for the treatment of skin allergies. However, this product itself is considered to be allergenic, and it is better not to experiment with it. And in general, we emphasize once again, in folk recipes you need to show special selectivity and not to use them without an appointment by a dermatologist.
How to treat cosmetics allergies - see the video: