Veneer is a woody natural material that is a thin sheet of wood glued to the base. The thickness of such sheets can vary from 0.1-0.3 to 3-5 millimeters or more. As a basis they can use MDF, chipboard or wood panels. This material usually goes to the production of various pieces of furniture, as well as floors and doors. And the name translates from German as "chips".
There are several types of veneer, depending on the method of production:
- Shelled produce from pre-steamed logs, processed on shelling machines.
- Planed, as the name implies, is made by planing.
- Sawn veneer involves the processing of wood on plywood sawing machines or sawmill frames.
If the basis of the classification to take the external characteristics of the material, we can distinguish the following types of it:
- Natural veneer has a structure as close as possible to the natural wood characteristic.
- Colored veneer is treated with paint and stain, its surface can have a variety of shades.
- Fine-line - a modern look, involving the reconstruction of soft veneer obtained from soft wood. First, blocks are harvested, and from them material is obtained having different textures, tones and sizes. In this way, imitation of natural wood of noble and expensive species is achieved.
Features of furniture made of veneer are determined by the materials used for production, as well as manufacturing technology.
- Affordable price. If we compare it with the cost of natural wood (especially wood), then it can be called more than moderate. And it is precisely this dignity that attracts most buyers.
- High-quality veneer can look almost the same as natural wood, and very natural. And this allows to achieve the most aesthetic appearance of the furniture made from this material. Items made of wood, valued at all times and still remain popular. And sometimes it is not easy to distinguish veneered furniture from natural, even on closer inspection.
- Veneer is an environmentally friendly material that does not emit any harmful substances into the environment. Of course, in the manufacture of used adhesives, fixing sheets of wood-based, but respectable manufacturers use high-quality glue. In addition, it is under a layer of veneer, so that its components can not easily evaporate. The basis also differs in environmental friendliness.
- Veneered furniture is much easier than wood, that is, it is easier to transport and move, and for many it is important.
- Veneer is a practically universal material from which any furniture is made: for a living room, for a bedroom, a children's room, and even a kitchen.
- Such material has a stylish design. First, the surface has a unique pattern, characteristic of the natural wood texture. Secondly, there is a color veneer, and its shades can be very different, so the choice is very wide.
- Furniture of any complexity is made of this material. You can make a sketch yourself and place an order, then you will receive an exclusive and ideal model for you.
- Practicality. No complicated care required. It is enough to protect furniture from rough mechanical and aggressive chemical effects, and also to wipe it with a soft damp cloth, removing dust and dirt.
- Durability. Veneered furniture will last a long time and will retain their original qualities, and for this you will not have to make special efforts.
- Durability and reliability. This material is durable, because, in fact, it is multi-layered and has a solid base and no less durable wood coating.
- Since the veneer is treated in a special way, the coating becomes resistant to high humidity, minor mechanical and other influences. From this point of view, a tree can be called a more “capricious” material.
- The material has no unpleasant smell.
- If you accidentally damage the facade of veneer furniture, you will have to carry out a complete and rather complicated restoration.
- The veneer can burn out in direct sunlight, so furniture should be protected from them.
- Furniture cannot have smooth corners, since it is almost impossible to veneer such areas.
- The veneer reacts to sudden changes in temperature and because of them can change some of its properties.
- If there are wide surfaces in the object, then there may be noticeable joints, since each sheet has its own unique pattern, and it can be difficult to pick it up.
- After rough mechanical effects on the surface can be damaged.
- Exposure to aggressive chemical compounds can also damage the surface. For this reason, it is not possible to use products with acids and abrasive particles for cleaning.
- Low-quality furniture can have an unpleasant odor and even release harmful substances into the environment, so when choosing, it is worth being careful.
- Veneer from expensive breeds can cost quite a bit.
- Light furniture may be contaminated, for example, from coffee, strong tea, wine or “Cola”.
Now you know everything about veneer furniture and you can decide if you should buy it.
For the manufacture of veneer used a variety of wood species: from pine to mahogany. And it says about the huge number of options for colors and textures. Almost always there is the opportunity to choose the required type of veneer.
Veneer is a natural material that meets all environmental standards.
Ease of processing
In the processing of veneer does not create any additional problems. Products that are covered with veneer, can have almost any form. In addition, the surface of the veneer is easy to restore.
From the veneer looks very, very beautiful. It is difficult to distinguish furniture covered with veneer, from the one that was made of solid wood.
Veneer is a natural material that affects its physical properties. Over time, the surface of the veneer may fade, lose its original, presentable appearance, and cracks may appear. This finishing material is susceptible to sunlight, high humidity, temperature extremes.
Limited raw materials
Every year, the raw material from which it was possible to produce high-quality veneer becomes smaller, and this leads to an increase in the cost of this finishing material.
Veneer, as mentioned above, is made from natural raw materials. Even trees of the same species can differ quite strongly in texture and shade, which affects the heterogeneity of the veneer itself.
Veneer requires special treatment. In rooms in which there are products from an interline interval, certain climatic conditions have to be set. These conditions are set on the basis of the type of wood used for the manufacture of veneer.
Furniture frame is made of MDF, which is a small sawdust pressed under high pressure. Then it is covered with veneer, creating the illusion of a solid solid wood. Ready made kitchens from MDF and veneer are finished with varnish or special enamel.
For finishing frames from MDF several materials can be applied at once, as can be seen in the photo. Interesting is the combination of veneer with plastic or white frosted glass, which is used in many modern styles of kitchen interiors.
Kitchen of solid veneer has many advantages, which include:
- Affordable price. This factor is put in the first place, because not everybody can afford the kitchen of solid oak, ash, walnut and other trees.
- The perfect imitation of a wooden facade. The veneer reproduces not only the color of the natural material, but also its texture, which is not distinguishable even by touch.
- Environmental Safety. Both during the production of veneer and in the production of MDF, no toxic substances are used that can have a negative impact on human health even when heated. This makes it possible to use these materials for the production of furniture for the kitchen.
- Strength. Facades made of natural veneer, treated with varnish or enamel, with proper care, can last for several decades without changing their performance characteristics. While on wooden products for the kitchen over time, cracks, abrasions, chips and other defects. In addition, the natural array is subjected to deformation under the influence of moisture, UV rays and temperature changes.
- The variety of possibilities of using veneer. This material is quite easy to give a different shape due to its flexibility. This property is used to create radius facades from MDF. The veneer can be laid in different directions, combined with plastic, acrylic, metal and glass, it can be pasted over wall panels, doors and other elements of the kitchen, as shown in the photo.
- The ability to change the color and structure of the veneer by applying varnishes, enamels or special paints.
Also to the advantages of kitchen furniture from veneered MDF is the ability to use it when creating both classic and modern styles, as seen in the photo.
- Not afraid of high humidity
- Pretty eco-friendly,
- Can be made of any shape,
- Have a stylish modern look,
- Have a huge selection of colors and colors,
- Quite resistant to high and low temperatures
- Cheaper than products made of veneer, glass and wood.
- Laminated MDF, in principle, is not intended for worktops, which are intensively rubbed during operation, are subjected to shocks. In principle, this material is more suitable for furniture facades, and as a worktop, it quickly loses its appearance.
- MDF can not be restored.
- Bright colors and specific colors quickly get bored or go out of fashion.
From this we can conclude that such tables with such table tops can be used more as a decorative element of the interior, they are rarely used. This is a good choice if you need to save on purchase. It is advisable to close these tables with a tablecloth, so they will last longer. Also pay attention to the painted MDF, as a good alternative to the glossy model - it has approximately the same characteristics. With careful use of such a table will serve you for a long time.
- Such tables are durable.
- They are unpretentious in care.
- Environmentally friendly.
- You can repair.
- Strong, reliable.
- Can be used outside.
- Fit into almost any design (a huge selection of colors, shapes, colors).
- Resistant to temperature changes.
- Resistant to abrasion and scratching.
- There is no problem with the edge.
- You can order a table of individual sizes and shapes.