Good day! Every summer, the grandmother sorts through things in the closet and hangs them out to dry on the balcony. This year, this tradition has also been respected. Going over coats and fur coats, Grandma found the departing mole from the wardrobe. And on the things themselves - the pupae of this insect.
This situation shocked her. How and why she appeared, because she always keeps her house clean and tidy. At this time we just came to visit her. Grandma told us about her problem.
My wife advised her proven drugs and after a couple of days our Antonina Nikolaevna beamed with happiness. All insects were defeated. In this article you will learn: mole in an apartment - how to get rid of, what to use from folk methods, types of pests, what antimolar preparations exist.
Mole in an apartment: how to get rid once and for all
This harmful insect has plagued people for more than a dozen years, and not everyone knows how to get a mole out. A lot of trouble and problems creates this small creation. But in order to expel the enemy from your home, you need to get to know him better - to learn the habits and fears of the pest.
Mole in the apartment: how to get rid
There are many types of moths, but we are interested in how to get rid of home moths (food, furniture, clothes). If you find a flying mole you should not chase her, because this is just a harmless male. Meanwhile, the female somewhere in a dark corner lays silvery eggs, this is a hotbed of danger for your products and clothes.
The caterpillars are the most dangerous, they eat everything around. During the day, a small caterpillar can gnaw through a hole in your favorite coat or fur coat. Food, especially cereals and dried fruit, are also affected.
Food moth how to get rid
From food (grain) moths most often suffer dry food. Nests are in stocks of flour, nuts, dried mushrooms, dried fruits and various cereals. After all, for such a moth is the most important warm place and the lack of ventilation. First you need to sort out all stocks and pour products into tight-fitting cans, or put them in plastic bags and tie them well.
How to remove the food mole, if the products are badly damaged? You have found a nest of moths in dry foods, and they are badly damaged - these products must be thrown away immediately. Because consuming contaminated supplies is very unhealthy.
If the mole has not yet had time to settle in the supplies, but is only starting to start there, such products should be carefully reviewed and the source of contamination removed.
How to remove the mole from cereals and dry foods. After the toga of how you threw away the nest of the moth, in dry foods it looks like lumps of cobwebs with larvae and caterpillars. Products (cereals, dried fruits, mushrooms and nuts) must be dried in a microwave or oven.
It is better to use the oven. Products are placed on a baking sheet and for 20 minutes, dried at a temperature of 70 ° C with the door open. Then placed in a tightly closed container. The next step in the question of how to get rid of moths in the kitchen is to disinfect the shelves in the closet where the contaminated products were.
Then do the same operation, but with clean running water. After drying, treat each groove and crevice with vinegar or lemon juice. To do this, use the usual brush, shaving brush or kitchen sponge. Allow them to dry well for 2–3 hours before filling the cabinets.
To no longer wonder how to get rid of the food moth, use the little secrets. Cereals and dry products are best kept in glass or metal jars with tight-fitting lids. Also on the shelves you can decompose cloves of garlic, orange skins or young walnut leaves.
For more effective repelling pests garlic cloves can be placed in a container with cereals and dry foods.
Moles in the kitchen how to get rid with the help of traps. There are special moth traps, which can be purchased at grocery stores and supermarkets. They look like a triangular box with a sticky substance inside. Such a trap based on pheromones, which attract the mole, and do not allow it to get out into the wild, works.
It is necessary to install traps in cabinets with products, and to change them once in two months. If you have exterminated all pests, it is better to leave traps in order to avoid relapse. How to get rid of the moth and prevent it from appearing in the kitchen. Do not stock up with too much dry food.
Or even keep the cereals in the refrigerator, so you just get rid of the pest. Make general cleaning in your supply cabinets at least once a month.
How to bring the mole in the apartment
Unlike the kitchen moth, which winds up mainly in the warm season, a room moth lives in apartments all year round. Finding the nest of such a moth is a difficult task. But everything is possible, if you make an effort and ingenuity. The moth devours everything in its path, and even if you hid your favorite things in synthetic fabric or plastic bags, for moths this is not a barrier, and it will easily gnaw through the road to delicacy.
To find out how to get a mole in an apartment, you need to familiarize yourself with its diet. Moth prefers to devour: fur, felt, natural velvet, bookbinding, wax, wool and even feathers. The caterpillars are very tenacious, they can safely live without food for a whole month.
And they die only at temperatures below zero. Therefore, to live in an apartment in a secluded dark corner can up to two years.
How to get rid of the moth and its larvae? First you need to find the source of infection - to sort through all the things. If there are larvae on the clothes, they should be shaken out of the window, and things should be hung out into the fresh air and bright sun. Also, a sharp temperature drop kills harmful larvae.
Put things in a plastic bag, and place in the freezer for 20 minutes, and then heat at room temperature, repeat the procedure five times. If the mole is wound up on leather, fur or wool products, it can only be removed with the help of preparations based on dichlorvos. This is the only effective remedy.
Naphthalene is often used, but in addition to protection from moths, it also harms people. It contains harmful components that lead to unpleasant diseases. Therefore, it is not recommended to use it. When buying money from moths, choose one that does not contain naphthalene.
Now the market is packed with modern anti-moth products, it can be tablets, briquettes or plates. They are placed in a closet and changed every six months. In order not to wonder how to get rid of the moth, you need to prevent its occurrence again. All woolen items in the closet should be washed, and fur coats and fur coats are treated with anti-moulting agents.
Also, in the warm season, fur products should be stored in special covers, or wrapped in thick paper soaked in a moth cleaner.
It is necessary to protect not only products, but also the cabinet itself. To begin with, do a general cleaning, vacuum all the secluded places in the closet, and wipe all the shelves with vinegar-based solution (3 tablespoons of table vinegar to 1 liter of water). And let it dry thoroughly, after which you can fill the closet with clean and processed clothes.
How to bring the mole in the closet folk remedies. Not everyone likes to use chemicals, because natural ingredients are much more useful for humans. Therefore, put dried geranium or lavender bunches in the cupboard. Some make pads with cloves and lavender and place them on the shelves in the closet.
The moth does not like clean and fresh air, so you need to air and clean the apartment as often as possible. In addition to cabinets, a mole can be got in carpets and upholstered furniture. The most effective way to destroy moths is to vacuum carpets and furniture at least twice a month.
Particular attention should be paid to cleaning the baseboards. Carefully vacuum all the cracks, especially in dark corners, because there are most often nests of moths. Also, the larvae can be in the corners of the windows or inside the ceiling. The next step in the question of how to get rid of moths is mechanical treatment and ultraviolet radiation.
The moth does not tolerate noise and vibrations, so infected things are knocked out, combed and shaken off, thus weakly attached larvae are removed.
Bright sunshine causes lightning damage to the moth, and within an hour it dies. The moth is afraid of high and low temperatures. Therefore, in order to get rid of the larvae, it is enough to freeze or warm them.
If the fabric is subject to fading, you can put the item in the freezer, or use steam to destroy the pest. But you need to remember that at low temperatures, the larvae and eggs die within 24 hours.
We use chemicals
It is very hard to get rid of the moth without the use of chemicals. Now in supermarkets and shops you can find a lot of antimol means. There are plates, pills, briquettes, and sprays, even antimol section. Plates, briquettes and tablets are considered the most economical.
They include an alloy of naphthalene and camphor. Such means (plates, briquettes, tablets) are placed on the upper shelves of cabinets and cabinets. Heavy couples of camphor and naphthalene gradually fall down, thus preventing the reproduction of moths.
How to remove the mole using antimol sections. This method is the most convenient, but before applying it you need to carefully read the instructions. In the room size of 15 m 2 should be only one section. Also, it should be installed away from food, and children's hands.
Before use, a protective tape is removed, and the section is placed in the top corner of the cabinet. You can choose the flavor of this section (lavender, mandarin, chamomile). If you have a small child, you can purchase a special section to protect children's clothing.
One anti-molar section spreads killing pairs for moths of 0.5 m3, and can serve for six months. After which you should replace the device.
Applying any chemical means, you need to familiarize yourself with the instructions in detail to reduce the risk of harmful substances in your body.
The use of naphthalene, to refer to folk remedies, our great-grandmothers resorted to it. But how could they be disappointed to learn that naphthalene scares only the adult mole, and the larvae and caterpillars do not suffer a bit.
Also, naphthalene produces saturated steam, from which cancers can develop, as with the use of folk remedies, it is necessary to remember that they only scare away new animals, as well as in humans. Therefore, to use this tool is not recommended.
Mole how to get rid with the help of herbs and essential oils. As you know, the mole does not tolerate sharp odors, therefore, natural lavender essential oil is used to repel it. This oil is impregnated with a piece of cotton or gauze, and placed in the closet. You can also hang dry lavender branches wrapped in gauze.
In addition to lavender, the mole does not tolerate other smells: garlic, orange, strawberry soap, kerosene and tobacco. Therefore, you can make small cloth bags with these components, and put them on the shelves in the cabinet. Garlic is most often used to combat grain moths.
To do this, the unpeeled cloves are placed in a container with croup, so you will definitely get rid of the moth once and for all.
How to remove the mole with the help of indoor plants. Coleus and fragrant geranium are very unpretentious assistants in the fight against moths. To grow such a plant is easy, but it will bring benefits not a little, because its fragrance does not tolerate a mole.
Since the pot in the closet you do not put, tear off a few leaves from the bush and lay them on the shelves when the leaves dry, update them. If you use plants and essential oils in the fight against moths, remember that they only scare away moths, and do not destroy its larvae and eggs.
Tips: How to remove and avoid pests
In order to avoid the appearance of moths, you need to air the apartment regularly. To carry out deep cleaning at least once a month. Wipe the walls, shelves, furniture, windows and chandeliers. A mole can start where you least expect it to be.
For example, on the spine of the book, or in the old rubbish hidden in the mezzanine. Therefore, the most important advice to throw away all unnecessary. Why keep things that have outlived theirs? After all, keeping the old junk, you risk paying a hole in the new coat. So be realistic and say goodbye to old stuff without a doubt.
It is better not to use plastic bags for storage, because it is very easy for them to get a pest. In order not to think about how to get a mole out of dry products, buy good quality flour and cereals. Because cheap cereals contain dust, which makes the mole easier than ever.
After purchasing dry foods, it is better to put them in the freezer for an hour, so you will avoid the appearance of moths. Many people think that the mole does not like dirty things, this is a huge mistake. In dirty things, the mole starts up faster, and uses such things with a huge appetite.
Therefore, in the closet should be only clean washed things. Note that the moth never eats the clothes you often wear, her favorite treat is things that are hidden away.
The most interesting fact - the mole does not tolerate the scent of a fresh newspaper. That is why our ancestors wrapped woolen scarves and fur hats in newspapers. You can also put dry orange peels and horse chestnut kernels in the closet, their fragrance frightens off the moth very well.
One more effective remedy is considered to be kerosene, but its smell can destroy not only the mole, but also the person. Therefore, it is not recommended to use it, although in the army this is the way the pest is poisoned. How to remove the mole in hard to reach places.
Most often they are applied to the upholstery of furniture, a shelf with books, clothes, dark corners and chandeliers. Also do not forget about the upholstered furniture, folding sofas, mezzanines and pantry. A mole can start where there is dust and dirt. Therefore, you thoroughly clean the premises, do not leave any places not cleaned, because it is in them that the mole can start.
Folding furniture should be vacuumed not only from above, but inside as well, paying due attention to corners. In order not to worry about how to get rid of the home moth, all things hidden in sofas, pantries or mezzanines should be packed. It is also better to immediately treat things with special anti-molar means.
If you are not a supporter of chemistry, use folk remedies. And wash the places themselves with soapy water and air. After place the items, and spread the branches of lavender.
During the cleaning, do not forget to vacuum the rolled up carpets, because they most often have a source of infection. Also ventilate winter clothing at least once a month during the warmer months. If you follow all the tips and monitor the cleanliness of your apartment, you can not think about how to get rid of the moth, and prevent its occurrence.
Many blame the flying butterfly moth for all its troubles. It is believed that she is the main pest, eats fur, wool and spoils your favorite things. But as it turned out - this is a false accusation. Moth is not guilty of anything, she does not eat anything at all. Her main task is to lay eggs, and die.
So babies after birth have something to eat. The caterpillars can only do one thing - this is and is almost constant. What is most interesting, synthetic fabrics are not assimilated by caterpillars, so they use them faster and more than regular wool or fur.
The caterpillar builds a cover for itself from the eaten wool, which it subsequently feeds on. How to get rid of the moth and prevent its occurrence. For this you need to find places where the mole lays its eggs. After all, they sometimes cause irreversible damage to your favorite things.
As you know, a mole cannot gnaw through paper or cardboard box. Therefore, clean things pack it in such materials, and enclose them with lavender or other means.
Recall the most important rules for the destruction of the pest. The moth dislikes purity, fresh air, and bright sunshine. Most often, the nests are in dark places (cabinets, shelves, corners). It is necessary to get rid of eggs and caterpillars, because the flying mole itself is harmless.
The eggs have a silvery white color, and the caterpillars grow to one centimeter in height, and you can recognize them by the black head. To get rid of the moth family is possible only with the help of chemicals, as folk remedies only scare the moth.
Tablets, plates and briquettes after removing the wrapper are best placed in a gauze bag, and only then sent to the top shelf. So as not to worry about how to get rid of the moth, keep it clean throughout your apartment.
Do not allow the accumulation of dirt, dust and unnecessary things, because in addition to the moth, there may be other harmful and dangerous pets. After reviewing the types of home moths and methods of dealing with it, you will secure your housing, clothing and food without any problems.
We fight with moths at home
Моль — это довольно надоедливое и противное насекомое, которое создает много проблем и наносит вред вещам и продуктам. На сегодняшний день, существует порядка 30 видов, каждая из которых откладывает личинки в определённых местах, начиная от одежды и заканчивая крупами.
Одни пытаются убить их, но как показывает практика смысла от этого нету никакого, т.к. they destroy mostly males, which do not cause any harm to things, but females lay larvae in different places and our main goal is to get rid of them, but they usually hide in various places. How to deal with such insects.
Of course, you can purchase various chemical means of struggle, but there is an option that children accidentally take them in their hands or try to taste, pets.
Today we will tell our readers how to get rid of moths in an apartment with folk remedies.
- An excellent means of struggle is the dry grass of lavender, which should be placed in small canvas bags and put in wardrobes in the closet where you store cereals and flour, on which the mole is so rich. Moth can not stand the smell of lavender and quickly disappear.
- Also, the mole cannot live where you lay dry crusts of mandarin or orange, small bunches of twigs and leaves of walnut, tobacco and bitter wormwood.
- Make it a rule every summer to take out all the clothes to dry and be sure to be in the sun - the moth does not like sunlight and dies at once.
The essential oil begins to evaporate and saturate the air in the closet and the moth dies. The tampon lasts for two weeks, then it should be changed to fresh.
Of the many types of moth known to science, we limit ourselves to considering the species found in residential buildings. For a kitchen, this is a grain moth, and in living rooms there can be carpet, felt, furniture, clothes and fur coats of a moth quite comfortably.
Fighting grain moths
In the presence of comfortable conditions - high humidity and lack of ventilation, the grain mole becomes a full-fledged hostess in the kitchen. Having gained access to cereal crops and their derivatives, the female grain moths lay eggs on them in large quantities.
Small larvae hatching after a while from the laid eggs, with incredible appetite eat all the food around them: cereals of buckwheat, rice, wheat, rye, barley, flour, pasta and dried fruits. The grown-up caterpillar spider webs connects individual grains, sticks them to itself and drags this food supply behind them, crawling from place to place.
At the end of the development phase, the caterpillar finds a secluded place in the crevices of the lockers or behind the plinths, creates a cocoon around itself and turns into a pupa, from which a moth butterfly eventually emerges.
All types of cereals, flour and dried fruits should be stored in tightly closed containers. If the products are still not protected from the moth, we study the degree of their depravity. If the cereals are badly spoiled by the larvae, we immediately get rid of them.
If the moth caterpillars have just started their “work” and did not have time to spoil food stocks, we carefully sort out such cereal in the microwave for 3-5 minutes or in the oven of a gas stove at a temperature of 700 C for 20 minutes. The door of the oven should be ajar.
All the cabinets, shelves, drawers in the kitchen with my warm, soapy water, and then once again go over them with clean water. Every groove, every crevice, every hole is coated with a brush dipped in vinegar or in brine.
After doing titanic work to remove “intruders”, it remains to put geranium or lavender sprigs on the shelves, put a handful of tobacco or citrus peels on the shelves - all these smells will scare the moth butterflies, and therefore the appearance of eggs and larvae of this voracious insect are more into us not threatened.
Fighting moth wool
A community of clothes, carpet, felt, furniture, and fur-coat moths that feed on fur, carpets, and wool, for convenience, is called a wool moth by one collective name. Representatives of this family of domestic pests are similar in appearance to the grain moth, but are extremely tenacious and resistant to temperature extremes.
They produce and multiply all 12 months of the year, can go without food for more than a month, but if they find something edible for themselves, they are able to gnaw through plastic wrap or synthetic fabric, which have become an obstacle on the way to food.
They can taste almost everything: fur, felt, wool, velvet, feathers, book covers, wax - this is an incomplete list of what the wool moth caterpillars can eat.
They live for about two years, then they turn into a pupa, from which a moth butterfly later flies out. It is mandatory to regularly clean the apartment: we clean carpets, soft and hard furniture. Moth larvae eggs are loosely attached to the fibers and fibers of carpets and clothing, so by vacuuming or shaking out these objects, we will rather easily get rid of the laying of eggs of insect pests.
We dry and air all things at least four times a year. Fresh air and bright sunshine are detrimental to wool moths. Winter clothes, pillows and blankets before storage, clean and wash.
On the shelves and in the wardrobe section we place, as is the case with grain moth, tobacco, citrus peel, sprigs of lavender or geranium, a piece of cotton dipped in fir or lavender oil.
Fumigation preparations in the form of tablets, plates and sections are placed on the upper shelves of wardrobes and wardrobes. The active substances that make up these drugs evaporate and, falling down, saturate the air with vapors that repel moth moths. Naphthalene, "Antimol" and "Moleboy" have been operating for six months.
Contact means in the form of solutions and aerosols process clothes, upholstered furniture and carpets. Preparations "Supromit", "Aeroantimol", "Suprosol", "Dichlorvos" and "Neofos" destroy both butterflies, caterpillars and eggs of harmful insects. Effective contact means against moths for three months.
The flying butterfly moths that cause your “applause” are harmless insect males.
Therefore, while you are chasing them, female butterflies go through cracks in furniture and folds of clothing to dark and secluded places to lay eggs, from which voracious and omnivorous offspring will hatch. It is better not to let the mole in the apartment, in advance and regularly conducting preventive measures. And may this uninvited guest never be in your house!
Source: "globuslife.ru, goodmaster.com.ua"
Insect control methods
Moth (lat. Heterocera) is a collective name for relatively small insects from the order of Lepidoptera (butterflies (Lepidoptera). A common mole is a small butterfly whose larvae (caterpillars) feed on keratin (horny substance), harvested from wool, hairs of fur coats, pile of carpet .
Because of the nutrition of keratin, moths are referred to keratophages, i.e. keratin-eating organisms. Eating keratin, the larva leaves behind itself waste products, thereby spoiling the product. Of course, the moth larva cannot eat the entire fur coat or carpet, but it’s not a problem to spoil the presentation of the product forever. one larva can easily make a through hole in an ordinary wool or half-woolen sweater in just one day!
Therefore, in addition to keratin, they can also be fed with technical felt, which is used for heat and sound insulation, bristles, feathers, fur, leather, dried meat and fish, book bindings, museum collections, etc.
In search of food, moth caterpillars are able to gnaw through the path and in materials in which they cannot develop (cotton, silk, synthetic fabrics). A moth in its development goes through several stages: laying eggs, from which caterpillars, pupae and the moths themselves are born.
It is the butterflies fluttering around the apartment that we often see. The term life of a moth is 1-2 months.
I want to note that you need to fight not only with butterflies, but with laid eggs, which they lay and the caterpillars, which later appear from them, because it is the tracks that do all the damage to the products. At one time, the female moth lays up to 100 eggs.
It is important to know that moth butterflies do not like sunlight and prefer to live in dark and secluded places, such as in a closet with clothes or in a linen chest of drawers. Hatching larvae (or caterpillars) also prefer not to come across a person’s eyes and live modestly in dark corners, usually in woolen things themselves, where it is almost impossible to find them.
Or it is possible, but only after they, with a big appetite, destroy part of the clothes to such an extent that it is impossible to visually not notice the problem. After the caterpillar successfully pupates, it magically turns into another moth butterfly, ready to lay eggs again and again.
At the moment, the number of species of moth according to different sources, there are about 40 pieces. Some are agricultural pests, others are domestic. The most well-known household pests are the fur coat moth, clothes moth, furniture moth, grain moth. Of agricultural pests especially can be identified barley moth, as well as rye, cabbage and apple moth.
- Fur Coat Moth (Tinea pellionella)
Insect brilliant clay-yellow color, the front wings in front of the middle, often with two small dark dots and one, larger, behind the middle. The lower wings are light gray, with a yellowish sheen, in a span of 15-16 mm. It feeds mainly on clothing made from natural material.
The caterpillars are white, worm-shaped, almost bare, with eight very short abdominal legs, with transparent skin, through which the contents of the stomach shine through, the head is brown.
The caterpillar attacks mainly furs, lives in a portable cap and gnaws all the hairs in its path, regardless of whether it eats them or not.
Furniture moth (Tineola biseliella)
The butterfly is a brilliant light yellow color, with a rusty yellow head and slightly brownish front wings at the base. Isolated in a special genus due to the absence of labial tentacles.
This species, described by St. Petersburg entomologist Hummel (“Essais Entom.”, III, 1823), was later investigated by Radoshkovsky (“Proceedings of the Russian Ent. Society, III, p. 44 duct.) The tracks of the furniture moth feed first on hair stuffing of furniture , and before pupation, the winding paths in the furniture tire go out and eat, following the direction of the patterns of matter, pupate on the underside of chairs, sofas, etc., where the whole nests of their white, silky cocoons gradually accumulate.
A silver-white insect, with a brown variable pattern on the front wings and with a gray belly and rear wings, up to 15 mm wide. Butterflies fly twice: in spring and at the end of summer. Each female lays up to one hundred eggs on bread grains: rye, barley, wheat, etc., sticking on 1-2 eggs per grain.
The caterpillar connects several grains in a bundle, weaving them with cobwebs, and feeds on them, keeping itself among them in a spider cover, crawling, dragging behind it the whole bunch.
It pupates here in the crevices of floors, walls, etc. It also attacks dried fruits and all sorts of seeds, and, moreover, can develop in rotten wood and in tinder.
Barley moth (Gelechia (Sitotroga) cerealella)
Sometimes also called grain moths. Up to 17 mm in scope. Light brown, sometimes with dark specks and a longitudinal stripe on the front wings. The rear wings are gray. The labial tentacles are long, rising above the head like horns, the last segment of their shiny, black, hairless. Butterflies fly in June and September.
The first lay eggs on the ears of ripening by the time of winter bread (barley, winter wheat, sometimes rye). The caterpillar enters inside the grain and gradually eats away all its contents, without touching the outer film, so that outside the grain seems normal.
The butterfly flies out of the grain through a small round hole already in the barn or near the ricks and again lays the eggs on the surrounding grains. The second generation of caterpillars develops in the same way in barns, and then the next generation of butterflies flies earlier - in March.
If the grains infected with young caterpillars fall into winter crops, the caterpillars develop therein does not stop under the ground, but goes slower and ends in May.
Rye moth (Ochsenheimeria taurella)
13 mm in scope, yellow-brown, back wings whitish, at fringe brown, antennae black at base. It flies in Central Russia at the end of summer and lays eggs on wild grasses and on winter wheat seedlings.
The caterpillar feeds on the heart of the stem, winters here and in the spring continues to eat away the stems, attacking their younger parts under the ear, the eaten ears of corn ache and dry up. It pupates at the end of June in a white silky cocoon between the leaves.
Cabbage moth (Plutella cruciferarum)
15.5 mm in scope, the front wings brownish-yellow, with oblique brown stripes and along the rear edge with a white wavy strip. Hind wings brownish gray. The head and back are white. Antennae with white rings.
Caterpillars are green, with brown heads, eating young leaves during the month of July, and pupating in latticed cocoons at the end of July. The butterflies fly again in early August, and during the autumn a second generation of caterpillars develops, which pupate for the winter.
Methods of struggle
Strongly affected by moths products will have to be thrown away, and those in which there are few insects can be picked and dried in the oven by opening its door at a temperature of 60–70 ° C for 15–20 minutes. You can use for the same purpose a microwave.
The cabinet, where the food was kept and the mole lived, should be washed from the inside with warm soapy water, and then cleaned with grooves and slots with clean water with a vinegar brush. Keep the cabinet open until it dries.
To get rid of the moth, we advise you to apply ultraviolet radiation under the direct sun or a quartz lamp.
Sunburn in insects leads to protein coagulation. Under the influence of direct rays of the bright sun, the eggs of the moth die within an hour. And in very hot weather in the summer - within 30 minutes. Affected items are treated with drugs based on dichlorvos.
A more radical means of destroying moth caterpillars does not yet exist. In addition, dichlorvos - the only true remedy against kozheeda. Heat treatment is also detrimental to these harmful insects.
Freezing also leads to the death of insects at all stages of development. Eggs and feeding larvae of kozheedov die within 24 hours.
The cheapest option is tablets and briquettes, which are a combination of naphthalene and camphor. Tablets traditionally placed in the upper part of the cabinets. Heavy naphthalene and camphor fumes drop down, not allowing moths to lay eggs on clothes.
All these old remedies are good, but for human health they are by no means safe, especially in great concentration.
- "Antimol" tablets are suspended in the cabinet (3-4 tablets per cabinet). Throw them away after two weeks.
- "Dezmol" - an effective drug, is also used as "Antimol".
- "Molemor" can hang in the closet for six months, but you need to use no more than two plates in one room.
- “Suprozol” is an anti-salt drug in an aerosol package.
- "Supromit" - a liquid preparation for the destruction of moths with a pleasant smell. They are treated with the walls of the cabinets, clothing. Valid for several months.
- "Moskitol" - the plate against the moth.
- "Raid antimol" - in the form of an aerosol, gel and plates.
- "Trap - antimol - spray."
- Improved moth plates are free from unpleasant odor.
According to the manufacturers, they destroy the moths and larvae, scare away carpet bugs and kozheedov. On the combat readiness of the plates can be expected within 6 months.
Moth sections are the most civilized form of antimolar preparations.
They can be with the scent of lavender, mandarin and chamomile. Special sections for delicate protection of children's things are issued. It is necessary to remove the protective adhesive tape and place the section in the upper part of the cabinet. The anti-molar action of one section extends to 0.5 cu. m. Replace it with a new have 4-6 months.
However, cautions on the packaging that in an area of up to 15 square meters. m. you can use no more than two sections, and store the tool should be separated from food in places inaccessible to children, clearly indicate the toxicity of these repellents. Due to the fact that chemical products have different odors, sometimes not very pleasant, I recommend not to purchase such funds in natural markets, or with hands.
First of all, it is a security measure, since it is not clear how such means can affect the human body, and so that the struggle would not turn into more serious problems.
Our grandmothers and great-grandmothers did not know a more effective remedy for moth than naphthalene. However, as it turned out, he only scares butterflies moth clothes, but can not destroy any eggs or caterpillars. In addition, according to the latest scientific data, volatile naphthalene is classified as a possible carcinogen, leading to the development of cancer in humans and animals.
Lavender and fir essential oils can serve as natural and safe moth repellents. Bouquets of dry lavender in gauze, tampons soaked in lavender or fir oil will protect items stored in the closet from moths.
Moth does not tolerate camphor odors and pieces of cedar wood.
You can also use vinegar in the fight against moths: Pour a few tablespoons of vinegar on a hot frying pan, and close the pan in the cupboard.
Just do it carefully, so as not to harm yourself and your property with a hot frying pan. Избавиться от летающей моли может помочь порошок пиретрума (кавказской ромашки). На 1 метр площади рассыпают 3—4 грамма этого порошка. Не любят бабочки моли и запаха табака, перца, сухих апельсиновых корок, земляничного мыла.
Моль не выносит запаха листьев таких домашних растений, как колеус (она же – «крапивка») и герань. From time to time, the fresh leaves of these unpretentious plants are put in the wardrobe to replace the old ones.
They scare moth moths, protecting things from the onslaught of insects. If the mole has already occupied your closet, putting a bunch of lavender in it is useless. We'll have to resort to chemistry.
All groceries should be stored in tightly closed cans or, in extreme cases, well-tied plastic bags. Larvae can not stand the bright sunlight and fresh air. That is why the things that are often "in progress", the mole is not terrible.
And about winter clothes sent for the summer in the closet, you need to take care in advance. Caterpillars moths begin their meal with dirty and sweaty stains, completely cleaning up the fabric along with the dirt. Therefore, to prevent the appearance of moths, clothes should be cleaned and washed before storage.
After cleaning, fur and woolen things are placed in plastic bags, and fur coats in covers made of thick paper with an anti-mole preparation.
Shake things well before packing: the eggs of the moth are not too firmly attached to the fibers of the fabric or fur, so they will fly off.
- Carpets and fur coats are sprayed with an antimol contact liquid before they are removed for storage, and when the products are dried, they are wrapped in plastic wrap and placed in a cupboard. This prevents them from spoiling by moth for 3-5 months.
- To prevent the appearance of moths, we advise you to regularly air and clean the apartment as often as possible.
The kozheedov and moth pupae are concentrated to the greatest extent here. Adults kozheedy bugs often accumulate in the shades or on the windows, where they can be easily collected with a vacuum cleaner.
Since the mole does not like the smell of cedar, fur coats or other similar products can be hung on hangers made of cedar wood, the smell of which will scare away the mole, and things will be saturated with a pleasant fresh aroma of wood.
How to eliminate a mole in a house quickly
There are several types of moths, but in apartments there are usually 3 of them:
The presence of an insect in the house gives residents a lot of trouble: damaged clothes, furniture, food.
This not only leads to a bad mood, but also affects the family budget. The danger is not the butterflies themselves, but their larvae gnawing their favorite things and food. It is very important to notice in time the presence of the moth in the room and get rid of it in the shortest possible time.
The reasons for the spread of moths
Sometimes the owners have the impression that the insect appears out of nowhere, but it is not, and the reason for its presence in the house exists.
The four main reasons for getting into the house insect:
- A mole can fly into a house through an open window or front door,
- The penetration of the insect into people's homes often becomes through gaps and vents,
- You can bring into the house butterflies along with products or things, especially old ones, on your own,
- Carriers of moths are often pets, pests can be found on their fur.
Signs of existence in the house of moths
Before we talk about how to get rid of the moth in the apartment, you should learn to identify the signs of its habitat in the room. Make it quite simple - just look at the cupboard with a flashlight and inspect all the gaps and corners.
Remains, caterpillars, pupae, butterflies or silk threads may indicate the presence of moths in the house. The presence of insects can be guessed by the holes in the clothes, usually they are small, only a few millimeters, but they can reach impressive sizes.
Ways to fight moths
If you find signs of the existence of pests in the apartment, the question arises before you how to remove the insect easily and quickly. Ways to combat these pests depend on the place in the house where the butterflies wound up.
Usually the mole “attacks” the kitchen or one of the rooms:
The most favorable condition for the existence of moths are non-ventilated rooms with high humidity. First of all, the kitchen is at risk. If insects have appeared in the kitchen, badly damaged products are recommended to simply throw away or bust out the survivors.
Caterpillars will die when exposed to high temperatures. The mole does not tolerate cold, to get rid of it, products can be held at -10 degrees and below about 3 days. After processing, bulk products are placed in glass jars with a tight lid.
The cabinets in which the dishes and everything edible are stored are washed with soapy water, wiped well, all the gaps and joints are treated with vinegar and leave the doors open until completely dry. After things are laid out in their places.
If there is a moth in one of the rooms, you should sort out all the objects in it.
Badly damaged clothes should be discarded immediately. Other things need to shake, including intact, and knock out to get rid of eggs, larvae and their remains.
Fur coats and caps are recommended to be further combed. After this, things must be aired for some time outside in cold or hot sunny weather. The larvae do not tolerate low temperatures and ultraviolet rays. An alternative option is dry cleaning.
For the larvae, only agents with dichlorvos in the composition are detrimental; for butterflies, normal cotton wool moistened with essential oil of fir or lavender is suitable. Upholstery sofas, carpets and carpets can be treated with aerosol or liquid contact preparations.
When solving the issue of removing moths in the house, many will prefer chemical means, which today are divided into 2 types:
The first type includes solutions and aerosols intended for the treatment of clothes, carpets and upholstered furniture. However, these drugs are only 3 months.
The second option is blocks and tablets suitable for cabinets where products and wardrobe items are stored. The active ingredients in the content of the drug saturate the air with poisonous vapors, and harmful insects die. Their action is longer - up to six months.
In the plates from butterflies there is no unpleasant smell, which is important for comfortable storage of things and products.
More recently, the favorite method of pest control - naphthalene, today recognized as dangerous to human health. Its use is not highly recommended, moreover, it is proved that the substance only scares the butterflies, without destroying them.
Ways to get rid of clothes moth
There are many methods for removing moths. So, the main ways to protect your clothes from winged pests.
- The natural, natural way to get rid of a moth is to affect the temperature of the air. These butterflies do not tolerate temperatures below minus five and above forty-five degrees Celsius. In winter, you can leave the windows open for some time, which will destroy the mole and its larvae. There are also special devices that are able to maintain the desired temperature.
- The second, and most effective, method for the destruction of moths is chemical means. Most often they are in the form of aerosols, but there are devices that operate from the electrical network, as well as in the form of plates impregnated with special substances.
- Also help in the confrontation with the moth will have popular methods. There are a huge number of them, because over the years of the existence of moths, people have tried to use many different methods to fight.
Moth aerosol substances
Aerosol is a great way to get rid of insects. He is good for the prevention of the appearance of these pests. The use of aerosols to remove moths is most popular among other methods.
This is because using aerosols is easy, and they quickly destroy the mole. Previously, such substances had a sharp, unpleasant smell, now most manufacturers add special flavors to aerosols, which made their smell pleasant.
But no matter how pleasant the groin is, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions attached to it. In all modern means there are substances that can cause allergies or even mild poisoning in humans.
Below is a list of the most effective aerosols:
the best moth sprays
Good help in the fight against pest butterflies fumigatory. There are pyrotechnic versions of the apparatus (in this case, the fumigator is represented as a spiral, when ignited, smoke is emitted). And there are also electrical ones (there are special plates in such a device, which emit a special substance from the heating with electricity)
To achieve the best effect, you need to put the fumigator in a closed cabinet. In the case of a device that is powered by electricity, you can use an extension cord. After treatment with an electric fumigator, the plate should be changed.
List of the most effective and harmless to human fumigators:
the best moth fumigators
Moth Scare Sections
Sections are the easiest to use way to get a mole. It is enough to hang special plates in places that can be attacked by a moth, and insects will fly around this place.
The selection of such sections in the store is quite large. They are presented in different forms and with different flavors. Here are the most popular ones:
the most effective sections from moth in clothes
In a measure there are many methods for the destruction of moles. But best of all, they are not needed. And for this you need to regularly do the prevention of the appearance of these malicious butterflies. It is enough to keep the apartment clean and air regularly.
There are several groups of moles, which differ according to their taste preferences. The largest group is the kitchen moth, which can often be found in food supplies. Fruit prefers dried fruit and tea, flour loves flour and can penetrate even into closed containers. The potato mole settles right in the tuber of the potato and feeds on its pulp. Grain affects the cereal partially or completely. If you open the container with cereal, moths will be visible immediately - holes in the grains, fine dust, insect excrement, discarded skins. There is also a barn moth, which likes to eat different nuts. These are the main groups of insects that eat food.
In addition to various types of kitchen moth, there is a clothes moth, which feeds on natural wool. It can be sweaters, lining outerwear, upholstery, curtains, carpets. Mole can eat pet hair. In some cases, the mole damages and simple textiles, if it is saturated with urine, then, with other organic secretions. Most often, the mole lays the larvae in the folds of clothing, in the gaps of carpets under the sofa, that is, in secluded places. As noted, the female may lay larvae, which need wool nutrition. The offspring of one individual can eat up to 10 kilograms of wool.
Another mole is a fur coat. Damage from its actions is especially sensitive, since natural fur and articles made of it cost a lot. In addition to fur, this insect feeds on felt, felt, natural feathers, down, etc. A fur coat moth can even lift up your pet's tail. A moth may be furniture - its preferences are very strange. Such a moth eats upholstery, both natural and synthetic. Such a mole settles in secluded places, gaps of wood, behind the padding of the upholstery. In some cases, the furniture mole strikes even the wood itself, punching hollow passages in it. But the carpet moth is considered the most hard-to-remove and sustainable - it is not sensitive to naphthalene, lays eggs deep inside the villi, it is almost impossible to find them.
Knowing the types of moths and their places of residence, it is possible to carry out the elimination of these insects more qualitatively. How to act if the mole was found in the house?
What to do if a mole appeared in the apartment
To evict an unexpected guest and prevent his return visit, you need to act comprehensively.
- If you find some kind of moth in your apartment, look at other parts of the home. The fact is that the mole rarely settles in the house alone. If insects appear in the kitchen, carefully inspect all food supplies, wardrobe and textiles in the house.
- If you find a nest of larvae moths, it must be eliminated. To do this, vacuum the entire affected area, wash it with a sponge and water. In the water except soap you need to add a small amount of detergent with chlorine.
- If the mole is found in the closet, carefully and painstakingly shake all clothes, even from synthetics. After all, insects do not always lay off their offspring in edible wool.
- Ideally, all clothes should be cleaned in a high-temperature wash mode. Massive wool sweaters can be cleared of larvae in a different way - just put the clothes in the freezer for a few hours - the larvae will not survive. Large outerwear must be cleaned with a brush, especially folds, pockets, hard-to-reach areas of the lining. Ideally, jackets, fur coats and coats can be treated with a steam generator, it will not leave the larvae any chance.
- Wipe all that is possible - curtains, carpets, curtains. If the item is not washable, it should be left in direct sunlight for several hours - a mole will not survive.
- If the mole struck your kitchen, a thorough revision is also needed here. Affected grains, dried fruits and nuts are no longer salvaged, and they cannot be taken for food. Therefore, we send them without regret in the trash. All containers, cabinets and the most inaccessible places should be washed with chlorine or acetic solution, allow the boxes to be sufficiently ventilated.
These simple measures will help you eliminate visible foci and nests of moths. But often this is not enough and only one unnoticed larva can reproduce the population in large sizes. What to do in these cases?
Professional ways to deal with moths
Here we will talk about household chemical insecticides that are designed to kill flying insects.
- Aerosols. The largest group is presented in the form of sprays. They need to use clearly as instructed. As a rule, the poison is sprayed in cabinets and hard-to-reach areas of carpets, furniture, etc. After that, you need to close all windows and doors in the house, leave the apartment for a few hours. Processing must be carried out in a respiratory mask. Then everything is thoroughly washed, the clothes are washed. Aerosols will help get rid of not only adults, but also from the larvae. Here are some popular insecticides. Dichlorvos can only be sprayed on hard surfaces, such as in a cupboard. Antimol is very effective against moths. For textiles fit Armol. The Raptor gives excellent results - it affects the respiratory system of the larvae and kills them. This remedy is safe for humans. Many aerosols can not be used in the kitchen. Also effective are sprays such as Clean House, Morimol, Foxy, Maskitol, etc.
- Fumigator A fumigator is a fixture that plugs into an outlet. When heated, a plate or a special insecticidal liquid evaporates and releases special components into the air that kill the mole. For humans, a fumigator is considered safer than an aerosol. Most manufacturers make insecticides in different formats - aerosols, traps, fumigators, you can use what you prefer. The fumigator has a small lesion area, but it is very convenient to use it to disinfect the cabinet if you put the device inside with an extension cord. In this case, you do not have to wash all your clothes.
- Pheromone traps. This is one of the safest and most effective ways to clean your house from moths. Pitfalls are a small piece of cardboard that emits the subtle smell of the feramones of a female moth. The male flies on an attractive scent and firmly glued to the cardboard. The life cycle stops, there is no one to reproduce the offspring. But you need to know one rule - you can’t hang several traps in a room at once - an excessive smell disorients males.
- Plates. These are small pieces of cardboard or organic material impregnated with special fragrances and insecticides. You just need to put the plates in the closet. This will get rid of the already existing moth and prevent its re-settlement. Plates - this is one of the most durable means of protection against insects - the effect of the device lasts up to several months.
These are the most popular, effective and safe means of destruction of the moth and its larvae. But is it always worth resorting to chemical insecticides? You can try to get rid of the moth with the help of folk remedies, especially if there are old people, children or pregnant women at home.
Home remedies for moths
Here are some recipes that don't kill a mole, but scare it off nicely.
- Herbs. Put fragrant smelling herbs in the cupboard that will scare away the moths. Among them, wormwood, tansy, tobacco, geranium, mint, eucalyptus, cloves, walnut leaves. Чтобы веточки не заплесневели, их нужно предварительно высушить, а потом поместить в тканевые мешочки, чтобы они не сыпались и не мусорили.
- Туалетное мыло. Многие косметические отдушки имеют довольно резкий запах, который тоже отпугивает моль и других насекомых. Положите мыло с резким запахом в карманы пальто, заверните в шерстяные свитера.
- Цитрусовая цедра. Раньше в новый год оставалось много мандариновой кожуры, но опытные хозяйки не выбрасывали ее в мусор. Aromatic citrus peel can be put not only in a wardrobe, but also on kitchen shelves, unlike soap and herbs.
- Lavender. Essential oil of lavender will not only save you from moth, but also give the clothes a pleasant floral scent.
These simple recommendations will help you not only solve the problem completely, but also forget about it forever. While in your closet there are protective bags, the mole to you just will not turn up!
The moth family has more than two thousand species of this insect. The phrase “eaten by moths” implies a description of a very old, dilapidated and abandoned thing. Unfortunately, a mole can spoil even a new thing in just a few days. Therefore, to treat it dismissively not worth it. Protect your wardrobes, clothes and products, use only proven moth products!
Habitat and parasitization
First you need to find out where the mole is made? This household pest prefers only natural materials, respectively, and it will parasitize in close proximity with these:
- firstly, it is a wardrobe, because it is there that luxury fur coats, hats, woolen coats and other wardrobe items are carefully kept,
- secondly, the mole can come to love the natural upholstery of your new sofa or chair, in this case it is necessary to look for parasites in folds and seams,
- thirdly, if there is a carpet woven from natural threads on the wall or floor, then the pest can parasitize it, both from the inside and from the front.
On a note! The clothes moth is a bad flyer, so it is unable to move independently over long distances. Accordingly, you bring it yourself to your house: with new things, pieces of furniture, etc.
Furniture and clothes moths: what is the difference?
Clothes moths and furniture will have their own separate diet - the first is fed with cotton products, the second - fur and wool. In nature, this is how it turns out; however, in the conditions of an apartment, each of these types can quite easily move from one food to another. Therefore, today these butterflies are called collectively - the mole of clothes.
In fact, these insects have many similar characteristics:
- the body is small and in length is not more than 9 mm,
- color straw yellow, rather inconspicuous, especially with folded wings,
- only males are able to fly, but representatives of both the first and second species do it rather ineptly,
- females of both species do not use wings, although they have the ability to fly, their wings are slightly smaller in size compared to the wings of males.
Distinctive features can be seen unless a closer look - furniture moth will have a darker color and dark areas at the base of the wings.
Furniture moth with characteristic darkening on the wings
The following photo shows a mole mole with a monochromatic color of the wings along their entire length.
The color of the clothes moth is most often light yellow.
Moth larvae as the main pest
However, the greatest damage is caused not by winged insects, but by their larvae. It is the small caterpillars that parasitize in your sweaters, expensive fur coats and carpets, they leave behind themselves holes in clothes and furniture upholstery, they are the real domestic pest.
The growth and development of home moth larvae directly depends on the diet and temperature conditions:
- if the food that they absorb consists only of natural materials, then the development of the caterpillars will occur rather quickly - in 3 weeks they will have time to shed about 12 times and pupate,
- if the food is rich in synthetic fibers, which are very poorly digested, respectively, the growth of the larvae will somewhat stop - this period will take 2 months or even half a year,
- with regard to temperature conditions, with a significant decrease in ambient temperature, the rate of growth and development of young cattle noticeably decreases, the caterpillars become smaller, and at particularly low temperatures they braid their bodies with cocoons, stop feeding and freeze.
But if your apartment is cozy, warm and there is something to profit from, in particular, products made from natural materials, the moth caterpillars will feel great there. With their mandibles, that is the name of their oral apparatus, presented in the form of two large outgrowths, they cleverly cut the fibers of the fabric and wool. Thanks to the powerful maxillary muscles, the larvae quickly gnaw rather large areas of matter and send food to the stomach, from where it enters the intestine.
On a note! Compared with the body, the stomach and intestines of the larvae are of enormous size and are capable of containing quite a large amount of food!
The larvae of clothes and furniture moths are somewhat different from each other, and this is clearly demonstrated by the following photos.
The caterpillar of the clothes moth in the process of parasitism braids itself with a cocoon, which consists of the remains of damaged fibers and its own secretions A young furniture moth leaves a mark in the form of a corridor of the thinnest web
Absolutely all the larvae lead a sedentary lifestyle and do not crawl away from the place of emergence from the egg. Until the moment they turn into a butterfly, they spend almost all the time in one place. But as soon as the larva becomes an adult, it stops feeding and the rest of its life, which lasts only a few days, spends only on reproduction.
As you know, these insects are able to exist in a certain temperature range, which is -5 ° C ... + 45 ° C. And if the thermometer scale crosses one of these marks, the whole “family” of the moth is guaranteed to die. What can be done?
- If the parasites settled in your apartment during the cold season, you can simply open the windows and freeze all the pests in just a few hours. At the same time, adult butterflies and larvae will surely die.
Important! Do not forget that low temperatures can not only destroy the mole, but also damage the heating system! Therefore, the batteries must first be protected!
If there is little moth, it is quite possible to use temperature methods of exposure for its elimination.
On a note! It is useless to destroy only flying butterflies mechanically, that is, using a folded newspaper or a sneaker, since the main pest will remain in clothes and continue to spoil it!
The best result in the fight against ward parasites is brought by the use of insecticidal preparations specially created for this purpose. They are on sale in several forms: aerosols, fumigators and scaring sections.
Moth spray is the most convenient chemical that shows quite high efficacy. With it, you can destroy both butterflies and small larvae. Each aerosol is based on a powerful poisonous substance, but it does not leave behind any unpleasant odor. Moreover, most of these products have fragrant fragrances.
Aerosols are recommended to apply in cases where you need a quick result.
It is very simple to use aerosol insecticides: the product is sprayed onto clothing, the inside of cabinets, carpets and upholstered furniture. Modern drugs can in a short period of time save your home from parasites and at the same time will be completely safe for tissues - they will not leave any stains or an unpleasant smell.
Important! It should be remembered that the aerosol cloud consists of tiny particles that are able to quickly and easily penetrate into the respiratory tract. A high concentration of toxic substances often causes severe poisoning. Therefore, before using one or another moth spray, you should carefully study the instructions and do not forget about personal protective equipment!
Among the moth aerosols the most popular are: "Moskitol", "Armol", "Antimol", "Dezmol", "Foksid".
Where does the mole come from in the apartment and house
Most often mole in the apartment and the house appears when she has something to eat:
- A clothes moth may appear in the house after purchasing fur or wool items. In them, most likely were the moth larvae, which are already at home turned into insects.
- Also the clothes mole can be brought into the house with furniture, especially not new. Domestic pets can also bring moth larvae on their fur to their house, although this happens very rarely.
- Food moth appears in the house with food. Most often, it starts in croup, which was not hermetically packed or flour. Mole can move to you from neighbors in the ventilation system.
Species that inhabit the premises
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No matter where the mole came from in the apartment or house, it is important to get rid of her as quickly as possible, before she could ruin the natural carpets, fur coats, clothes, and even the upholstery of the sofa. Most often in an apartment such kinds of moths are got:
Coat of fur (wool) - a gray-yellow butterfly with small black dots on the wings. She settles in the wardrobes. Where clothes are stored. She can even gnaw through a plastic bag to get to the fur. If there is no fur in the house, she can eat books, pillow feathers and felt.
Furniture. Yellowish butterfly with golden tint on the wings. She settles in upholstered furniture and eats furniture fabric, can sometimes spoil furs and wool products.
I was able to get rid of ARTHROSIS AND OSTEOCHONDROSIS PER MONTH! Operations are not needed. Read more here.
The dressing room.
Butterfly with yellow wings, sometimes they can be purple hue. Loves dark wardrobes. It feeds on any clothes indiscriminately.
Food (grain, fruit). A small butterfly with gray flecked wings or striped brown. It eats food (cereals, legumes, tea, flour, nuts, sugar), leaving traces of its vital activity, pieces of skin, husks of caterpillars. Such products are no longer usable. Having eaten them, a person can get poisoned.
She lives in beehives and does a lot of damage. But the tincture on its larvae is very useful.
Important! The adult mole does not cause damage, since it has no mouth and cannot eat and digest food. She simply lays eggs from which hungry caterpillars appear.
What to do when the moth appears in the apartment
To quickly get rid of moth forever need an integrated approach.
- Finding a mole, you must inspect the entire room. A moth rarely settles in a house alone. If she appeared on the kitchen, sort through all the products, especially cereals. Also inspect cabinets and textiles throughout the house.
- Finding a nest of larvae, it must be destroyed with a vacuum cleaner. Next, this place is washed out with a sponge and water with the addition of detergent with chlorine.
- If the mole is wound up in the closet, pull out all the clothes, not excluding synthetics.
- It is better to wash all clothes in hot water with powder. Large wool sweaters can be put in the freezer for a few hours. From this procedure, no larva will survive. Brush the outerwear, special attention should be paid to the folds, pockets, lining. If there is a steam generator, handle them heavy jackets, fur coats and coats.
- Do general cleaning. Wash curtains, carpets, curtains, blankets and blankets. If there are things that cannot be washed, bring them outside in sunny weather, so that the direct rays of the sun shine on them for several hours. All larvae will die from this procedure.
- The kitchen will also require thorough cleaning. Affected cereals, dried fruits and nuts must be thrown away. All cabinets, containers and hard-to-reach places are wiped with a solution of chlorine or vinegar.
These actions will help find and destroy the nests of moths. However, this is not enough, since one unnoticed larva is able to reproduce at a rapid pace.
Watch the video! How to get rid of moth in the apartment
How to get rid of home moth - household (wardrobe, fur coat, furniture)
To combat moths, you can use toxic chemicals and traditional methods. Of course it is better to give preference to folk remedies that can not harm the residents of the house, but will help get rid of the insect.
Important! Before using any moth products, you must first carry out general cleaning in the apartment, ventilate well and clean all the cabinets, clean carpets and upholstered furniture, books, pillows, blankets. Outerwear is better to pass dry cleaning.
- Garlic. Mole does not tolerate the smell of garlic. Spread cloves in wardrobes and bookcases, and she leaves them forever.
- Orange peel. Butterflies also dislike orange essential oil. In places where the smell of citrus insect will not lay larvae.
- Tansy. This poisonous odorous plant has long been used to repel moths.
- Vinegar. Moth does not tolerate the smell of vinegar. Vinegar solution must be washed shelves in the cabinets and floors throughout the apartment. Do not forget to air everything later.
- Geranium (Pelargonium). This decorative flower perfectly repels moths. Geranium leaves emit ethereal vapors, the smell of which does not tolerate many harmful insects and moths as well.
- Spices (cloves, allspice). Spices emit a spicy aroma from which a mole cannot be located in this place. If you put such spices in bags, the mole will leave it for a long time.
- Lavender. Dry lavender exudes a gentle persistent smell that a person likes very much, but does not like moths. Spread bunches of dry lavender in the corners of rooms and corridors, then the moth will leave your apartment forever.
- Laundry soap. The smell of alkali frightens off the mole, especially if you put the laundry soap in the cabinets, pantry and wash their things.
- Naphthalene and empty perfume bottles will help in the fight against this harmful insect.
- Frost and sun. Mole does not tolerate high and low temperatures. Outerwear is recommended to periodically make the frost for several hours. In the summer, all clothes are ventilated and dried in direct sunlight, including pillows and blankets.
- Newspapers. Moth does not digest printing ink. To keep winter shoes with natural fur it is necessary to put newspapers in it. In such shoes will never start a mole.
How to get rid of moths in the kitchen - food (cereal, fruit)?
The food moth is also called barn, grain, fruit or potato. This type of moth spoils food that is no longer usable. Some hostesses, to save the damaged cereals, and calcined in the oven at a temperature of 60 degrees. But it is better not to do this and immediately throw away the products that were struck by the mole, since it is very difficult to destroy the eggs and larvae. If even a small amount of parasites remain in the products, they can cause severe intoxication and poisoning of the body.
It is impossible to fight with food moths by chemical means, since it is a question of food and processing of the kitchen, where food is prepared for all family members. In this case, you must resort to the popular methods of dealing with moths:
- All contaminated products must be destroyed. They are strictly forbidden to eat. Surviving products must be placed in jars and tightly closed with lids, especially cereals and flour.
- Wash all soda water lockers.
- Restrict access to water. The adult lives on water. Make sure that there is no water in the sink and all the water pipes are intact.
- All the gaps in the kitchen furniture is treated with vinegar. It is there that the insect lays its larvae.
- In all corners of the room, also in cabinets, lay out bay leaves or walnuts.
- In each locker, as well as in jars of cereals and flour, put dried chestnut in the shell.
- In the lockers put jars of black sweet peppers.
- On the ventilation holes in the kitchen and bathroom paste a fine mesh.
How to get rid of moth larvae?
- Remove all clothing from the closet of the larvae.
- Carefully vacuum the entire cabinet, especially pay attention to the corners and the shelf.
- Wash the shelves and the entire cabinet with hot water and laundry soap.
- Spray a special moth spray.
- Wash clothes in hot water. It is better to do this in a washing machine, setting at least 50 degrees and washing at least 30 minutes. Those clothes that can not be washed in hot water, put in a bag and send in the freezer for a day. Then remove and wash in water at an acceptable temperature.
Watch the video! How to get rid of the moth folk remedies
Pitfalls are considered the safest and most effective moth-fighting chemicals.
The snares are a small piece of cardboard that gives off the smell of the feramones of the female moth.
The male arrives at this smell and sticks to the cardboard. Since no one else can reproduce offspring, the life cycle is terminated.
Tip! It is recommended to use only one trap in one room, since excessive odor disorients males.
The plates are also made from a small piece of cardboard or organic material that is impregnated with special insecticides for moths. Такие пластины обычно помещают в шкаф или тумбочки. Эти средства считаются самыми долговечными, так как действуют в течение нескольких месяцев.
выше были описаны самые популярные и эффективные средства избавления от моли и личинок. However, before using chemical agents, it is recommended to try the traditional methods of combating this insect.
Fight with the moth dress
And it is there that most often live moth larvae that eat up your clothes and everything that comes their way to treasured food.
Such clothes moth loves to eat any kind of natural things made of wool, felt, and fur. Do not disdain the pen, to taste will also have dried meat and fish, and even a book binding. In general, everything natural is in danger until the larvae of the moth are completely destroyed.
The fight against this scourge is to determine the place where the larvae of these lepidoptera can live. Usually, it is where it is warm and quiet, the sunlight does not look in and there are never drafts. Favorite clothes moths are wardrobes, where female eggs are laid all year round in the folds of clothes. They, unlike the males, fly rather badly, so they try not to show themselves to us and all the white light in the eyes.
First and foremost - general cleaning. We release all cabinets from things, shake out and ventilate them on the balcony or on the street for a long time, simultaneously examining for the laying of eggs. It’s not a fact that you will see eggs, but it’s very likely that sluggish females will jump out of the depths and jump up and try to fly.
The next step is to treat the clothes, carpets, and the inner surface of the cabinets with anti-moth sprays (for example, Dichlorvos or the like), in order to destroy the larvae, the eggs and the butterflies themselves.
The processed room must be left for some time, so that the enemy would be safely destroyed. Usually enough a couple of hours.
Do not forget about security measures: it is necessary to work in a respirator or, even better, in a gas mask, if you have one in your household. Do not be shy. Also take away pets and, of course, children.
The pairs of these drugs are not so much destroying, how many are repelled by moths of moths, so that they do not inhabit this space and lay eggs.
How to get rid of food pest
If in the bedroom or room hosted a clothes mole, then in the kitchen or in the pantry you can meet her close relative - the food mole. She is also called a grain moth for her love of certain types of cereals. Although she does not hesitate and flour and products from it, and also loves dried fruits.
The grain moth considers the ideal conditions for its breeding to be places with high humidity, where drafts do not walk, which the ward moth is also afraid of, by the way.
The struggle with such a moth consists of two stages. The first is to inspect products that can be spoiled and disposed of.
If they are suddenly very expensive for you and are not very spoiled by moths, then you can carefully sort out such cereal, and ignite it in the oven at a temperature of 50-60 degrees with the door ajar for half an hour. The same effect can be obtained in the microwave for two to three minutes.
Alternatively, you can "process cold" infected cereals. This requires a minus temperature and an hour of time. The more frost, the more reliable the result.
Prevention will be the storage of groats and other food items that are loved by moths, in tightly closed containers and periodically inspected all products that are in the “risk group”.
How to permanently get rid of moths
A mole can be different: grain, furniture, wool, carpet (the latter is also called kozheedom, because it is not averse to eat leather products), even rye and cabbage - only about 30 species.
Meanwhile, females lay in the closet all the new silver-white eggs, from which voracious caterpillars soon emerge. We will get rid of them.
Grain (food) moths attempts to eat our food supplies: cereals, flour and dried fruit most often suffer from its larvae. This mole loves warmth, high humidity and lack of ventilation.
Prevention: all groceries should be stored in tightly closed cans or, in extreme cases, tied plastic bags.
How to get rid of: severely affected by moths will have to be thrown away, and those in which there are few insects can be picked and dried in the oven by opening its door at a temperature of 60–70 ° С for 15–20 minutes.
You can use for the same purpose a microwave. The cabinet, where the food was kept and the mole lived, should be washed from the inside with warm soapy water, and then cleaned with grooves and slots with clean water with a vinegar brush. Keep the cabinet open until it dries.
Woolen (it is - felt, fur-coat, nightmare) moth breeds all year round. And at the same time he eats wool, felt, feathers, natural velvet, fur, book bindings and much more, gnawing synthetic fabrics and plastic bags on the way to food.
The caterpillars calmly withstand a drop in temperature to 0 ° C and can live without food for 30 days. Considering that a mole lives for a long time - about two years - one can imagine how many things she has time to turn over during this time.
Caterpillars moths begin their meal with dirty and sweaty stains, completely cleaning up the fabric along with the dirt. Therefore, the fight with moths must begin with washing and cleaning clothes before storage.
After cleaning, fur and woolen things are placed in plastic bags, and fur coats in covers made of thick paper with an anti-mole preparation. Shake things well before packing: the eggs of the moth are not too firmly attached to the fibers of the fabric or fur, so they will fly off.
Get rid of: Affected items are treated with drugs based on dichlorvos. A more radical means of destroying moth caterpillars does not yet exist. In addition, dichlorvos - the only true remedy against kozheeda.
8 basic moth money in the apartment
A mole in an apartment is always a big bad luck. And okay, if there was a mole in the croup. To part with a couple of other kilograms of croup is not so scary. And what if it is a clothes moth, and it encroaches on your fur coat, on which you have been saving for 10 years? Here it is already scary. Therefore, one must clearly know how to protect oneself from the moth, and what to do if the mole has already started.
How to get the mole out of the apartment if it is already there? If you find that a mole started up in the closet, immediately all things made from animal fibers should be dry-cleaned. All other clothes, such as cotton or synthetic, should be washed at a temperature not lower than 60 degrees.
Moth larvae survive when heated to 50 degrees. Therefore, it is necessary to wash in water of higher temperature. If a thing doesn’t withstand such heating, dry clean it.
Be sure to wash the cabinet with detergent, and then vacuum it. This will help remove the larvae from the cracks.
To prevent the development of moths, first of all you need to understand what the mole eats. The answer to this question is as follows. An adult mole eats nothing at all. She physically has no mouth. The larvae are eating. Here they are - the guys are very voracious and adore clothes made from animal fibers, from which they get keratin protein.
If animal fibers are not found nearby, they eat plant tissue - cotton, linen, silk. If they are not, then the larvae of the moth will not disdain and synthetic things.
Larva clothes moth
That is, moth larvae are virtually omnivorous. And the main thing that needs to be remembered when dealing with them is that they are most attracted to dirt. If your clothes in the closet bear traces of sweat, urine, or food, it attracts the mole with a vengeance.
Therefore, the first condition for the prevention of moths is to keep only absolutely clean things in the closet. Even if you only wore a woolen thing once or twice, and it seems to you that it is still quite clean, you should not put it in a common wardrobe. And even more so in no case can not leave it there for long storage.
A mole is an insect that, like all life on this planet, cannot develop without water. Therefore, high humidity in the cabinet significantly increases the likelihood of moths in it. So, do not leave things for long storage in the closet, located next to the bathroom.
If the layout of your apartment does not allow to avoid this, it is necessary to ventilate the closet. It is very good to make special vents in it.
Adult clothes moth
Clothes moth loves darkness. Of course, not everyone can afford to make some additional lighting in the closet. However, if you have the opportunity to keep things, even expensive, in the light, then it is worth doing.
Use special pheromone traps that you can buy in stores today. These traps attract males to their clothes moths and, thus, prevent the reproduction of insects.
It is very good to make sachets with herbs that the mole is afraid of. The use of herbs, which fears the mole, is the most popular folk remedy against this type of domestic insects.
Most of all she does not care for lavender. Also, the mole negatively relates to tansy, dill (seeds), rosemary and wormwood. It is advisable to make two types of sachets. The first type should include only lavender as the most potent and least exhausted remedy. The second type of sachet can be filled with all other herbs, except lavender.
Should naphthalene be used as a remedy for moths? Do not. Naphthalene is, in fact, effective for controlling moths and preventing its occurrence. But it is a very strong carcinogen.
You can bring the mole in the apartment with the help of cedar? Not. Indeed, various cedar crafts — pucks, balls, and sticks — have become popular lately as a means of preventing and controlling moths. This is a cute and natural remedy. Only totally ineffective.
The only thing made of cedar that is useful for preventing the reproduction of moths is the cedar box, which will close tightly and in which you can store clothes.
How to get rid of moth folk remedies?
There are several ways to get rid of molar means, the main of which are scaring off adult butterflies, as well as preventing the appearance of insect larvae or reducing their number.
First of all, you must constantly wipe the cabinets from the inside, often wash hanging clothes that you do not plan to wear in the near future. It is recommended to wash all summer clothes before the winter season at the maximum possible temperature for them and put them in a carefully cleaned dresser or wardrobe.
Often check fur coats, jackets and other things that have wool and fur. Checking fur coats 1 time in 2 months will not give moth any chance. As a rule, during this time, the larvae do not have time to grow to an adult state, which means that there are good chances to keep their belongings intact.
This recommendation applies to things of any type. The clothes moth doesn’t like high temperature. Her eggs and larvae can be killed by extending things at 600 C. Periodically check the condition of carpets, sofa covers and upholstery, wipe the inside of the cabinets at least once a year and try to inspect hard-to-reach places.
Notice indirect signs of the appearance of moths - silky strands from caterpillars, which they leave behind when moving. You can view the lower parts of the sofa, chairs and dresser to make sure there is no furniture moth. Most often, a person does not realize such an unpleasant neighborhood.
Hypericum and resinous pine chips are also a good deterrent to the mole. Laying them out in cabinets, you can get the butterflies out of the shelters and thus determine the source of infection.
One of the most effective means of scaring moths is ordinary fresh soap. The moth does not tolerate its smell and tries to get out of the closet as soon as possible. This can be used by arranging for the search for the nest of the moth.
Unfortunately, popular methods of struggle cannot cope with the moth itself, its larvae and eggs. And the destruction of the moth in this way is simply impossible. In addition, numerous household chemicals, which are actively offered on the market, also show their total inefficiency. Obviously, only professional pest control will help you quickly get rid of the moth.
Recipes of our grandmothers
There are many modern moth-fighting chemicals, but not all of them are effective, and some are quite toxic. In addition, some are simply dangerous for allergies. We have to remember the folk remedies for moths.
Mole is of different types and damages woolen things, fur, leather, carpets, fabrics, cereals and flour, dried fruits and mushrooms. The fact that the mole started up is usually learned with a delay, seeing a flying butterfly or finding things or products damaged by moths in the closet.
Butterflies and moths do not spoil things; they lay eggs, from which the voracious caterpillars will later hatch. A mole flying in a house indicates that somewhere there is a nest in which well-fed caterpillars complete their developmental cycle, turning into pupae from which butterflies appear.
Most common moth-proof chemicals kill flying butterflies, not caterpillars, especially if they live deep in a closet. Or simply repel butterflies with a strong smell.
Potent, complex chemicals are often no less dangerous for a person and filling their home with them is at least not reasonable. They are long acting! And poison the mole in the kitchen is strictly prohibited.
Put cabinets of dried lemon and orange peels, gauze bags with lavender seeds, sprigs of wormwood, geranium, wild rosemary, flowers and leaves of St. John's wort, eucalyptus leaves in cabinets where woolen plaids, warm sweaters, fur coats and hats are stored.
It is important to periodically replace all of these plant protection products from moths with fresh ones. It is useful to put them in the pockets of jackets and coats, in winter shoes.
Good help and such folk remedies for moths like walnut branches, resinous pine chips, carnation flowers and even chestnuts. Chestnuts are harvested in the fall, dried and laid out in a closet. Raw chestnuts can only be used where it is well ventilated, otherwise they become moldy. Spread them between clothes and shoes.
Garlic is used to protect food from moths. Cereals, dried fruits, peas are stored in tightly closed jars with a clove of garlic.
A moth rarely appears in a house where fragrant geranium grows. When damaged, its leaves and stems emit a rather sharp odor that scares the mole. This houseplant also belongs to the folk remedies for moths.
It must be remembered that the mole multiplies much faster in the warm season. If it is possible to store things or products in a cool dry place, then there they will be more safe from moths.
Who lives in the house?
Apartments attack a small insect that can be found in closets with clothes and groceries. The larvae of clothes moths are cream-colored, while those of food moths are yellowish or white. They move a little and develop right in the nest. For a long distance, the worms move only in search of food.
In natural materials pupae appear after 20 days. If the nest is located in synthetic things, the pupa from the caterpillar can be formed only after two months. At one time, the female moth is able to lay from 50 to 80 eggs, of which just a week later a whole squad of voracious larvae appears.
Food moth. Kitchen pests love to inhabit the following products:
- milk mixtures
- dried fruits,
- pet food,
- roots and herbs
- dried berries.
A food moth can appear in the kitchen along with bulk products that have been stored in warehouses for a long time and incorrectly. Fly into the apartment ognevka can through ventilation or the front door. The female of the food moth has a silver color, and the male is black. It spoils the products of the female and the larvae.
How to withdraw?
There are several ways to get rid of the gluttonous insects that have settled on clothes in closets or on carpets:
- Physical methods. Flame scare high and low temperatures (above +45 and below –5 degrees). Therefore, you can get rid of them by washing the clothes in the hottest possible but accessible water for things or putting it on the balcony during the cold season. You can also open the windows and freeze the apartment, taking care that the heating radiators do not freeze. However, special industrial units are more effective, with the help of which you can locally process things with low or high temperatures.
- Chemicals Special chemical insecticides do an excellent job with killing moles. They are produced in the form of sections with a repellent substance, fumigators that are connected to the mains or aerosols.
- Folk remedies. At home, you can use folk methods of fighting insects, which were used even by our grandmothers.
Sections. The plates impregnated with the repellent substance are the simplest means of fighting moths.
Some types of plates have not only the effect of evaporation, but also an adsorbing effect, therefore, they are able to scare away insects and at the same time absorb excess moisture. Flames do not like dryness and therefore reluctantly settle in such closets.
You can choose sections with any flavor you like and put them on shelves or hang them on pipes with clothes. The most famous manufacturers of sections:
Запах от пластин идет такой сильный, что самки не могут отложить яйца, и погибают через несколько дней. Секции необходимо менять ежемесячно.
Аэрозоли. С помощью аэрозолей можно очень быстро избавиться от платяной моли, поэтому такие средства очень популярны. В их состав входит растворитель, отравляющее вещество и отдушка, которая приятно пахнет.
For natural and synthetic things, you can use the following types of aerosols:
Modern preparations for parasites will relieve the house in a short period of time, and at the same time they will not leave any smell or stains on clothes and carpets. After treatment with a spray, the room must be ventilated.
They are quite effective and have one principle of action. When heated, fumigators emit toxic substances:
- pyrotechnic begin to act after the arson spiral,
- poisonous substances begin to be released from electrical devices after a special plate or liquid is heated in them.
Fumigators leave almost no odors and are completely safe for both people and pets. The raptor, raid, mosquitol are fumigators that can be used to kill mosquitoes and moths.
Folk remedies. Homemade folk remedies do not contain chemicals, are inexpensive and are available to everyone:
- Herbs - repellents. Geranium and lavender are plants, the smell of which does not tolerate moth. Therefore, if you find a mole in your closet, you can dry lavender or geranium, tie dry grass in bunches and hang them next to the clothes. So that the mole does not fly into the house through the windows, you can plant a geranium in a pot and grow it on a windowsill.
- Essential oils. Lavender and orange oils are moistened with a cloth, cotton pads or tampons. They should be placed in a plastic bag in which holes are made, and spread out on the cabinets. Through the holes, the oil will evaporate, and saturate the air in the cabinet with a smell that is hateful for moth. Every two weeks, swabs need to be replaced.
- Orange or lemon peels. The smell of citrus on the fire acts deadly. Therefore, with the help of fresh lemon or orange peel laid out in furniture, it is possible to scare away pests easily.
- Wormwood, tobacco, walnut. Insects do not like the smell of these plants, so the sprigs of walnut, wormwood or tobacco can be used to etch moths from their nests.
- Newspapers. In order not to make a mistake in the closet, things can be shifted by newspapers. However, this method is not suitable for fur products and light fabrics.
Completely destroy the mole folk remedies will not work. It is best to use them with modern preparations. However, scare away the pest smells of herbs, plants and fruits can. Therefore, they can be used as prophylactic agents.
Food moth - how to withdraw?
Many people think that voracious little ognevki live only in wardrobes. In fact, there is a food moth that lives in the kitchen and is divorced into products. Therefore, if there are gray butterflies in the house that fly mostly in the kitchen, you need to get rid of them urgently.
In order for the vinegar smell to reach every corner, the lockers are best left processed and empty for a few days. After that, they can be aired and filled with clean products. Infected grains, flour, etc. are recommended to be thrown away. If there are very few larvae, the grits can be washed and processed in the oven at a temperature of 70 degrees.
Special means. In stores you can buy special traps that are used to destroy adult individuals. Such traps have the form of a triangle with duct tape. They are pollinated by pest-attracting pests. Fly to the smell, insects stick to the adhesive tape and die.
Folk remedies. After the cabinets in the kitchen are all washed up and the contaminated products are thrown away, you can use folk remedies that scare away the mole:
- Among the products it is recommended to store natural herbal repellents or spices with a pungent smell. For this, bay leaf, tobacco, pine needles, birch leaves and geranium leaves, and sprigs of lavender will do.
- Pest scare away the smell of garlic. It must be freed from the husk and spread on the cabinets in the kitchen. However, the mole can quickly get used to the smell of garlic, so after a while it will need to be replaced with something else.
- Within two days, the pests will leave the kitchen if several sprigs of cloves are laid out on it.
- Peppermint leaves that are laid out between the products will help get rid of the moth. To fix the effect every few days, the leaves should be replaced with new ones.
- In order not to litter the cabinets with herbs and leaves, they can be laid out at the corners of the shelves in linen bags.
There are a lot of means and ways of dealing with moths. However, it is always easier to carry out preventive measures than to show the parasites and their larvae that have already appeared. Therefore, it is recommended to regularly ventilate cabinets, shake things up on hangers and shelves, clean wool and fur products, conduct audits in kitchen cabinets.
How to get rid of the moth in the apartment and house?
Often hostesses wonder how to get a mole in an apartment, it happens that even proven tools do not work against this insect. It's simple: to eliminate annoying moths once and for all, you need to figure out what type they are.
There are two types of moths: clothes and food. Clothes live in things, and food - in cereals, flour and other bulk products. Moth control procedures are directly dependent on the species.
Scare away insects in the kitchen with geraniums and bay leaves
When a moth catches the eye of a person in an apartment, it is difficult to immediately determine what type he is, to do this, you will have to revise kitchen cabinets and check the cereals in them.
The audit should also be carried out in the wardrobe, cabinets where winter clothes and fur coats are stored. If a mole has settled in your house, you will definitely find its larvae. It is they who are dangerous for things and products.
Grain, or, as it is also called, food, moth lives in moist, warm places, so the kitchen for her is a favorite place. She loves to live in cereals, nuts, dried fruits, herbs, and even mushrooms.
All this is stored in the kitchen, so when the mistress finds a moth there, she immediately thinks about what means of struggle can be used. After all, around the products, and any chemicals here are undesirable.
The most effective way to fight is to throw away products struck by moths. Otherwise, you may not notice the deposited larvae, and then the insect will return. The best option is to prevent it from appearing in principle. To do this, there are many preventive ways:
In the rump to prevent the appearance of moths you can put a bay leaf or a crust of citrus - they are well repelled moths.
If you notice the mole, immediately engage in the rescue of cereals and flour. If there is no moth in these products or it just appeared, you can sift and sort loose components and put them into jars. Kitchen boxes should be thoroughly washed with soapy water and then with vinegar. After this closet check and put the banks.
Dried fruits and mushrooms should be periodically dried in the oven or microwave so that they do not cause the appearance of insects.
In addition, a good means of insect prevention in the kitchen is geranium, its sheets often serve as an excellent anti-molten agent. The flower can be put on the windowsill in the kitchen, and its fresh leaves are laid out in a cupboard with cereals.
Clothes moth and sunlight
The clothes moth also often bothers people, and the consequences from it can be much more serious than from grain. This species feeds on wool, fur, natural feathers, velvet and even books. Only in appearance, moths are innocuous and weak, but in fact they are very tenacious - they can withstand temperatures up to 0 ° C, and in order to penetrate to the target, they gnaw through dense plastic bags.
There are certain remedies that prevent moths from appearing in your home:
- Sunlight and fresh air. The larvae die in the sunlight, so it is very important to carry out general cleaning in the closet several times a year and take out potentially attractive things for the moths to air and dry. If possible, hang things in fresh air for at least 30-60 minutes.
- Purity. If there are traces of dirt or stains on the outer clothing, they should be cleaned before being sent to the closet. It is the spots and dirt that attract the larvae of the moth in the first place.
- Special covers. After all the winter clothes are put in order, it is better to pack them in special storage cases with clasps. It is desirable that these covers were made of thick paper.
- So that the moth does not attack your belongings, put a sprig of lavender in the closet or arrange chestnuts in the corners. These tools effectively scare away the mole with its delicate aroma.
Use of chemicals
Despite the fact that there are many preventive means to combat moths at home, once and for all get rid of insects is possible only with the help of special preparations, which in most cases are made on the basis of dichlorvos. Of course, one can often hear opinions that moth kills tobacco smoke or campfire smoke.
That antimolnye drugs will help quickly get rid of the larvae, caterpillars and moths.
They emit a special killer odor. The choice of such funds is quite wide. You can do everything quickly, using an aerosol, or arrange special plates or tablets in potentially contaminated places for 24 hours.
The cheapest option is considered to be tablets or briquettes, which are a kind of alloy of naphthalene and camphor hoods.
These remedies are effective, but they still endanger the health of the person who inhales them. There are safer options that come in the form of odorless plates. They can be safely used in rooms even with the youngest children.
Another preventive option is moth sections with lavender, lemon or fresh smells. They combine two functions: long-term protection from moths and air freshener. The shelf life of any such funds varies in the region of 4-6 months. Then they need to change.
So, to scare away the mole, you can use folk remedies, among which geranium, lavender, peels of citrus fruits, chestnuts, strawberry soap, and black pepper in the form of peas are especially well proven.
However, these tools are effective only as a preventive measure for moths, and if moths are already flying, then no lavender and chestnuts will be saved from the invasion of insects.
In this case, you need to calculate what kind of moths bother you, find the location of their location and use a chemical tool that will quickly save you from this scourge.
How to deal with moth wool?
Duffel species, as it is easy to guess from the name, feeds on wool, as well as other natural materials, skillfully eating them out of clothes or woolen carpets.
There are other varieties of wool moths that feed on felt, feathers, velvet, bookbinding, and even some synthetic materials! Most often, the woolen moth is wound up in wardrobes, dark and unventilated storerooms, especially those things that are rarely used in everyday life, namely, winter coats, sweaters, scarves, rugs and so on.
In fact, it is difficult to cope with such a parasite, therefore, as you know, the best treatment is prevention, it is much easier to prevent the appearance of a moth than to fight it hard. That is why it is so important, before sending warm winter clothes to the far corner, to clean them thoroughly, to wash and air them, and even better to send them to dry cleaning.
The thing is that first of all the larvae will germinate and multiply in dirty or sweaty clothes with dirt or grease. After dry cleaning, things are wrapped in thick plastic covers, after which they can safely hang in the closet for a whole year.
Do not forget that the moth loves those clothes that have not been worn or aired for a very long time, so try to shake and carry out minor things at least once a month into the air.
But if, after all, the pest has already started, something needs to be done about it. As we have already said, it is useless to fight with butterflies, you need to hatch the larvae, which, in fact, are afraid of fresh air and bright light, therefore, first of all, you need to take everything out on the street and air out well during the day.
Another important point: the larvae cling badly to clothes, so before shaking it in the bright sun, be sure to shake it well. Thus, most of the parasites simply fall off.
There are a huge number of special industrial preparations that are full of harmful chemicals that, according to the manufacturer, cope with the moth quickly and efficiently. Of course, you can try such things, but you shouldn’t get too carried away, because not only do they have a negative impact on human health, they still don’t always cope with the root of the problem, but only scare away harmless male butterflies.
Not bad with a task folk remedies which are used for a long time and successfully by our grandmothers. For example, very effectively fir and lavender essential oil, which is impregnated with cotton swabs, wrapped them in gauze and put in a cupboard or closet.
Fresh sprigs of flowering lavender do a good job, as well as sachets - small bags with various herbal fillings. For example, a mole is afraid of the smell of mint, clove, oregano, lavender, and also does not tolerate the smell of walnut, tobacco, hop leaves and cedar.
Citrus fruits also deal well with such pests: put fresh mandarin peels, oranges or lemon peels in a closet or closet, but as soon as they dry they must be replaced with new ones.