Quite often, the long-awaited vacation on the seashore can be radically spoiled by “close acquaintance” with the jellyfish, which can be burned completely by accident. Indeed, in the sea waves it is difficult to notice an animal consisting of 98% of water. What to do if stunned jellyfish? Let's talk about this in the article.
The animal has no lungs, heart and other habitual organs, it is characterized by an umbrella-like body with tentacles along the edges and mouth located on a special stalk and also surrounded by tentacles dotted with stinging cells. Each of them has a toxic-filled Cnidocist. In contact with the victim or the enemy, the object is punctured by spines of Cnidocyte, lightning-fast sticking of the stinging thread into the body and the injection of poisonous substance of neuroparalytic action into the tissue. The stinging cells are used only once, after which the animal's body produces new ones.
Better to prevent
What to do if stunned jellyfish? First, it should be remembered that an invertebrate marine animal with a gelatinous body will never attack a man first. Going to rest, it is advisable to in advance to ask about the presence, number and degree of danger of jellyfish in the planned region of stay. This will allow you to develop the correct course of conduct in the event of a collision with a marine inhabitant. Preventing the jellyfish bite is possible if:
- avoid swimming in places with their high numbers,
- in case of close detection, try to distance yourself as much as possible and keep your distance. In a calm state, the animal does not eject tentacles,
- do not touch the sea dweller in any way, even if at first glance she seems safe and attractive. It should be remembered that even a dead jellyfish can painfully sting,
- do not walk barefoot in places where the animal or fragments of tentacles can be thrown out by the waves,
- in an area with a high concentration of jellyfish, swim only in protective gear using a mask, wetsuit, flippers and gloves,
- do not take alcoholic beverages on the beach: alcohol contributes to a weakening of the reaction and worsening of health after a burn,
- Before bathing, it is recommended to apply certain lotions on the skin, which, when mixed with sunscreen, protect against the jellyfish burn for an hour.
Often with a harmless appearance, a jellyfish is a real threat to human health, and in some cases to its life. The most deplorable consequences can have an encounter with Cubus jelly (aka the sea wasp). The bite of a jellyfish - such a beautiful, graceful creature with a small dome and thin long tentacles - is accompanied by incredibly strong pains and often causes a lethal outcome that occurs literally within 2-3 minutes. Even with a random touch of tentacles to the human body, the latter begins to immediately suffocate and feels an unbearable pain, and red streaks of burns on the body remain. It lives in the tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
About the Black Sea representatives
The jellyfish that live in the Black and Azov seas are less dangerous. Aurelia is one of the most common jellyfish in the seas of the oceans, is considered the most beautiful inhabitant of sea waters and is characterized by a translucent body with blue and violet-pink ebbs. The round dome, reaching a diameter of 40 cm, resembles a flattened umbrella, from the outer part of which horseshoe-shaped spots, which are the sex glands of aurelia, are clearly visible. The numerous tentacles hanging in the form of a fringe are located around the circumference of the dome and rhythmically move as the jellyfish move. On the underside of the dome, there is a 4-angle oral opening, surrounded by long lobes associated in shape with donkey ears. It is for this peculiarity that Aurelia is popularly called the “eared jellyfish”. The poison of the Black Sea dwellers can cause a small burn without presenting a special threat to the body. A little later we will answer the question: if the jellyfish stung, what to do?
The Black Sea is also rich in corneots, large jellyfish, preferring to live at shallow depths. Outwardly quite nice, such creatures can cause severe burns in the latter when in contact with a person.
In the waters of the Mediterranean Sea inhabit more dangerous jellyfish, which sting harder than the Black Sea "colleagues". Pelagia is a medium-sized jellyfish with an umbrella diameter of not more than 12 cm. However, its small size is more than compensated for by the force of allergic reactions and painful sensations during burns. Also, the hairy jellyfish of cyaneus and chryazor (sea nettle) can seriously shake human health. If you are stung by a jellyfish in the Mediterranean Sea, you should immediately contact the nearest medical facility for qualified help. After all, the consequences can be sad.
Sting the jellyfish: symptoms
What are the signs of a jellyfish burn? Contact with sea creatures is always fraught with a feeling of pain, like the bite of several wasps, as well as the appearance of:
- burning sensation
- burn blistering,
- nausea and vomiting
- muscle spasms
- pain in the lower back.
Sting jellyfish: consequences
In some cases, an allergic reaction may develop, accompanied by an increase in pressure, the appearance of coughing and shortness of breath, as well as cramps in the eyes. Often, these symptoms are due to the continuation of the toxic effects of stinging cells remaining on the skin-like structure.
Severe consequences of a jellyfish bite can be:
- dizziness, difficulty breathing, delirium,
- increasing pain
- the bite zone covers the greater half of the legs, arms, part of the torso, face.
If the affected person has a weakened immune system, is prone to allergic reactions or is intoxicated, he may simply not swim to the shore.
What not to do with a jellyfish bite
What to do if stunned jellyfish? In order to avoid negative consequences for your own health, first of all you should know that it is unacceptable to do:
- Do not water the affected area with fresh water that can spread the poison throughout the body and release toxins.
- It is not recommended to touch with bare hands to the affected part of the body, since there could be particles of jellyfish with poisonous cells on it.
- You do not need to rub the stung place with sharp objects to avoid further injury to the skin and squeezing a new portion of poison out of the cnidocist.
- Alcohol should not be taken to alleviate the pain, as the drink can increase the effect of the poison.
What to do if stunned jellyfish?
- First of all, keeping a clear mind and calm, you need to get out of the water, sit in the shade and get rid of the fragments of tentacles, if any, remained on the body. In the process of purification should remain complete immobility. Any movement provokes the immediate spread of poison through the body. In order to avoid new burns, never touch the wound with your bare hands.
- Using any blunt object (the back of a knife, sliver, credit card, dry sand) is required to try to get rid of stinging cells on the skin.
- Rinse the bite with a solution of soda or salt water.
- Neutralize the poison and remove toxins by application to the affected place with a bandage or gauze soaked in liquid ammonia or table vinegar. In the absence of them, it is recommended to use vegetable oil or sugar solution as an analogue. From folk methods a tomato slice will have a positive effect.
- To ease the pain, a cold bite should be applied to the site of the bite, and then a dry bandage should be applied.
- Pain relieves using a gel or cream with hydrocortisone in the composition. Fenistil-gel and Psilo-Balsam have antihistamine and anti-inflammatory effects.
- If you are bitten by a jellyfish, it is recommended to drink a lot.
- It is necessary to promptly contact any medical institution for qualified help, especially when the manifestation of dangerous symptoms: seizures, shortness of breath, fever.
Traditional medicine to help
If you are stung by a jellyfish, treatment can be done by folk methods. One of the proven is the use of homemade paste from baking soda and salt water, which should be mixed to a thick sticky mixture. Then the resulting product is required to impose on the affected area of the skin, allow to dry, then slowly clean the bite site. This procedure, accompanied by some sense of discomfort, will cause a deep cleansing of damaged skin cells.
Where and whom to fear?
Contrary to popular belief, there are no dangerous jellyfish in the seas located near the Russian Federation. You can meet dubious representatives in the Mediterranean and the Sea of Japan. In the list of the most dangerous jellyfish - cyan.
They live only in the depths of the waters, as the length of their tentacles reaches 30 meters. Only tentacles of animals after a strong storm can hit the coast. Basically, they hit fishermen when they get sea creatures from the depths along with fish.
Another kind of dangerous representatives is the sea wasp jellyfish. She lives in the waters of Philadelphia, Australia, at the bottom of the Sea of Japan. The bite of this species is dangerous - after 2-3 minutes after the defeat a death may occur, but only a few of them remained.
Now consider the inhabitants of the Azov and Black Sea. Life threatening species are not there. Cornerot and Aurelia do not bear any particular harm to health. However, if we are talking about citizens who are prone to allergies, or children under the age of 2 years, the consequences can be extremely deplorable.
In addition to the alleged burn, the following changes often occur in the body:
- nausea and vomiting,
- dizziness or headache
- heaviness in the heart,
- a few days later, allergic manifestations may occur, even if these have not been observed before,
In place of a burn, itching, redness, blistering formations occur. Symptomatology depends not only on the abundance of the lesion, but also on the quality of first aid.
It is also worth considering the individual tolerance of the organism. Worst of all, the defeat is suffered by children and elderly people. In this case, call an ambulance urgently.
What actions to take?
- First of all, the affected must be removed from the water. This should be done carefully to avoid subsequent burns. Looking around the defeat and deciding what to do in this situation, you should not touch the wound.
- Wash the lesion site with water to alleviate the pain and remove the jellyfish attack cells. You can not rinse with fresh water - it will only contribute to infection of the body. Salt or soda water is used (3-4 teaspoons of powder are thrown into half a liter of liquid). If there are no improvised means, you can get the stinging threads with a cotton disc, napkin, towel - any materials that do not damage the tissue of the affected person.
- After the procedure, to reduce inflammation, impose a compress. The use of alcohol-containing liquids, including iodine and zelenka, is not allowed. Use ointment with the addition of hydrocortisol. In case of allergic reactions use antihistamines. It is imperative to get medical advice. The doctor will examine the lesion, prescribe medications and notify about the further course of the disease.
- If the burn causes severe pain, ice should be applied. To improve the condition of the body, the victim should drink plenty of fluids.
If you can not buy drugs at the moment, you can use folk remedies. The most effective and common recipe is a paste-like mixture of soda and salt water. It is perfectly acceptable to use the sea.
Paste is applied after rinsing to relieve the inflammatory process and remove the remaining damaging cells of the jellyfish. The mixture is abundantly applied for a couple of hours and a bandage is tied around the affected area.
Then it is carefully removed, which is often accompanied by unpleasant sensations, and then the burn is washed. Use a folk remedy not only with the immediate defeat, but also as a subsequent treatment.
Common medicines and their analogues
To relieve inflammation used ointment with the addition of hydrocortisone. It contains 1% of the substance. The cost of 10 grams of ointment will cost no more than 40 rubles. It can be applied to an adult 4 times a day, for a teenager the maximum allowable number of applications is 3 times. If the child is younger than 12 years old, it is necessary to get medical advice.
In the absence of this drug, you can purchase analogues, but they will cost 5-6 times more expensive. Among the substitutes: Posterizan (Posterizan Forte), Lokoid, (Lokoid cremo). Means can be purchased in the form of ointments, sprays, creams. Some analogues allow internally use.
To neutralize allergic reactions used antihistamines. Conventionally, they are divided into 3 categories. Allergic processes are fighting H-1 blockers. These include:
- Cetirizine / Cetrin,
- Hifenadine / Fenkrol.
All of the above applies to non-sedative drugs. The cost of drugs ranges from 200 to 600 rubles.
What is a jellyfish bite
Jellyfish, completely devoid of even signs of a solid skeleton, do not seem to be a dangerous predator. Nevertheless, these creatures have at their disposal an effective means for attack and defense. Stinging cells, microscopic capsules with poisonous filament locked inside, abundantly cover the tentacles of the animal. Upon contact with the victim or the enemy, the stinging thread straightens, introducing the toxin into the skin of the enemy. After the attack, the miniature weapon collapses. In the body of the stung remains a piece of thread that continues to inject poison.
When attacking, a stinging thread penetrates the victim's body.
A dose of toxin injected with a small number of stinging cells does not pose a threat to the life of an adult. A different picture is observed with extensive - more than half of the skin area - lesions of the limbs. In this case, the poison enters the bloodstream and affects the entire body. Equally severe are bites to the head and neck.
The child is in greater danger than an adult, since under equal conditions, the relative size of the affected skin will always be greater, and the dose of poison injected is greater. People with a tendency to allergic reactions are also at risk - even a small amount of toxin can cause them severe symptoms (airway swelling, anaphylactic shock, impaired cardiac activity).
An important criterion of danger is a kind of stinged jellyfish. As a rule, creatures living in the seas (Aurelia, Cornerot), have less toxicity than their oceanic counterparts (cubed jellyfish, Physalia).
Photo Gallery: The most common types of jellyfish
Warm, sunlit shallow waters of the tropics and subtropics are optimal conditions for the life of most species of jellyfish. Unfortunately, the same regions — Australia, Thailand, the Philippines, Spain, Italy, Morocco, Dubai, Tunisia, the countries of Arabia, the Black Sea and Azov coasts — have long become popular beach destinations. In such conditions, a collision with jellyfish throughout the holiday season seems almost inevitable.
Symptoms and signs
The first sign of a jellyfish bite is a sharp pain in the affected area.. Contact with slightly poisonous individuals may be limited to a simple burning sensation. The bite of ocean jellyfish is able to provoke the strongest dagger pain spreading to the body. From such an intense sensation, the victim is disoriented, or instantly loses consciousness.
Somewhat apart from most varieties is the Cubo-Medusa Irukandji. Her poison reaches the peak of its impact only an hour after the moment of the bite. Until that time, the pain is mild, and does not cause the stung special problems. By the time a person is aware of the danger to him, the toxin is distributed throughout the body.
After a few minutes, redness, rash, blisters appear on the skin. The toxins of the most dangerous types of jellyfish destroy the integument, leaving numerous scars, ulcers and ulcers in the affected areas.
As the poison enters the bloodstream, manifestations of a general nature begin to develop:
- in a stomach,
- numbness of limbs and skin
- paralysis of the diaphragm,
- high blood pressure,
- pulmonary edema,
- increased or difficulty breathing,
- allergic manifestations
- swelling of tissues
В тяжёлых случаях возможно развитие анафилактического шока, коматозного состояния и даже гибель пострадавшего.
Яд некоторых видов медуз способен спровоцировать возникновение незаживающих рубцов, язв, развитие тяжёлой аллергической реакции
Действия после укуса
In most cases, a jellyfish bite does not threaten a person’s life, and emergency care, like subsequent treatment, can be carried out by the efforts of the victim. The only exception is a short list of situations; if any of them occurs, you should immediately seek specialized medical care.
- The victim is stung kubomeduzoy. To maintain his life may require the use of special serums.
- A severe allergic reaction has developed.
- A large area of the body or the area near the large vessels (head, neck, chest) is affected.
There are several misconceptions associated with the provision of first aid for jellyfish bites. The use of such methods in practice at best will be meaningless and useless spending of time. At worst, it hurts the victim even more.
In no case should fresh water used as drinking water be used to flush damaged skin. This is due to the fact that the remains of stinging cells are quickly destroyed in a liquid whose salinity is lower than the salinity of seawater. A consequence of this phenomenon will be the immediate injection of a large amount of poison into the skin of the victim. Fresh water can be used only when all remnants of tentacles have been removed from the integuments.
Ambiguous means are lotion from vinegar, ethyl alcohol or ammonia. They can alleviate the pain of the bites of not too poisonous jellyfish, such as aurelia or corneta, but when exposed to stinging cube jellyfish, they can accelerate the introduction of poison by 40–50%.
The treatment of the damaged area with urine is an equally controversial first-aid method. The effectiveness of such an impact largely depends on many factors, such as:
- salinity. With insufficient salt content, urine can provoke the effect of destruction of stinging cells, similar to the effects of fresh water,
- content of metabolites. The level of ammonia in the urine is too low to reliably relieve irritation symptoms,
- microorganisms in the urine. The presence of urinary infections in humans makes his urine unsuitable for the treatment of skin lesions, as this can cause infection of wounds.
After completing the first aid measures, it is necessary to begin therapy. It is recommended to wash the bite thrice a day with warm water. The rest of the time, the affected area should be covered with a cotton-gauze bandage.
Itching and rash can be reduced by applying ointments with antihistamines (Panthenol, Fenistil, Epidel) and corticosteroids (Hydrocortisone). Antibiotics (Neosporin) are used to prevent and treat infections.
Traditional medicine for bites of jellyfish recommends applying ointment from the ground into the mush:
- carrot root,
- aloe leaves,
- lemon pulp,
- tomato fruits,
- egg white.
Freshly prepared ointment should be applied to the bite, replacing as it dries.
A few minutes after the bite, the pain should decrease to a tolerable level, after 1-2 days it should completely disappear. If this does not happen, moreover - the symptoms have intensified - you should immediately contact a dermatologist.
How to protect yourself from being bitten
To avoid being bitten by a jellyfish, you must follow certain rules:
- Pre-familiarize yourself with the diversity of native species of these animals. Such a measure not only helps to avoid dangerous places for a person, but also provides an opportunity to prepare for first aid in case of an accident.
- Do not swim up to the jellyfish for a short distance. It should be noted that the longest tentacles of some ocean species are also the thinnest. As a result, they are not visible in muddy water, therefore they can suddenly cause harm even at a distance of several meters.
- Do not go into the sea during a swell or storm - under such conditions snatches of tentacles freely float in the water, fully preserving their activity.
I am glad that the burn was not in the face. It would have walked with an asterisk. I am already in Moscow, and the burn marks on my hand remain. The initial sensation in water is electric shock. When I got behind the wheel of a car, I felt dizzy. Arriving at the hotel, he took out a bottle of cold water from the refrigerator and put it on. I don’t know if I did it right or not, but the sensation was still pouring hot oil on my hand (a real burn). Well, to remove the tumor immediately drank two tablets of Nurofen. Then he smeared with anesthetic ointment. While alive. I suffered while in a mask, the jellyfish was in a whirlpool of a wave, and I did not see it. I do not recommend to go into the ocean without swimming glasses. While you can swim only in those places where there are lifeguards, flags are hung out and local people bathe.
I was rubbed in the hospital for 40 minutes with a solution resembling ammonia by smell. Then antihistamines had to be drunk, and every day, rub in the ointment, which was given there. On the second day, the pain went away. But, returning home, I was surprised to notice that the tan is washed off, and the scars remain. Moreover, they are not going to disappear. And what do our doctors know about jellyfish? I found Thai ointment in the first-aid kit, and in two weeks there was not a trace left. The magic Thai remedy that I still treat all for burns is simply called: Dermovate cream. You do not need manganese now, it just dries and disinfects the skin. In the meantime, better than "Panthenol", "Solcoseryl", nothing has been invented. But this means for "fresh" wounds. For the treatment and removal of scars - "Contractubex".
I had severe jellyfish burns in Tunisia. An ordinary tomato helped me a lot, applied slices of tomato to the burned places, greased them. True, the burns were of a slightly different kind - as the cat scratched - in parallel lines. The pain went away quickly, in a day - the swelling went away.
http://www.farangforum.ru/topic/34430-%D0%BE%D0%B6%D0%BE%D0%B3-%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%B4%D1%83% D0% B7% D1% 8B-% D1% 81% D1% 80% D0% BE% D1% 87% D0% BD% D0% BE /
The poison of most jellyfish is not dangerous to human life, but even an encounter with a formidable irukandji can be transferred without much damage. It is only necessary to have the necessary knowledge and skills of first aid, using them when necessary.
How does the jellyfish bite
At first glance, jellyfish are innocuous creatures that can be admired at the depths of the sea or near the shore. But, not everything is as rosy as it seems at first glance. Of course, there are individuals harmless to humans, but there are those who can thoroughly spoil the rest on the Cote d'Azur. The effects of a jellyfish bite are very serious.
Poisonous individuals are mainly found abroad. In the Black Sea waters live relatively harmless Aurelia, Korneroty and Mnemiopsis. However, they are able to deliver discomfort.
Jellyfish sting their nematocysts, the stinging cells that all intestinal cavities are endowed with. Thus, they are protected from enemies and get their own food. Stings contain toxic substances that cause many painful sensations and other unpleasant manifestations.
The bite of jellyfish occurs by their nematocysts
The stinging cells end in sensitive hairs, contact with which provokes the ejection of a long sharp thread that penetrates human skin. When penetrating the body, the tip of the filament breaks off, and the poison contained in it gradually penetrates into the epidermal layers. Typically, toxins cause nerve symptoms. More serious consequences depend on the type of jellyfish.
Symptoms and manifestations after the bite of a jellyfish
The characteristics of burns of certain types of jellyfish include slowly developing symptoms. The first signs may appear an hour after the bite. It was then that comes the maximum concentration of poison in the blood, and until that time, people are unaware of the danger. In order not to waste time and immediately take action, you need to know what the jellyfish bite looks like.
External signs of burn are the same for all types of intestinal cavities, but appear with different intensity. This redness in the area of damage, skin hyperemia, the formation of small red eruptions or blisters, which can then be filled with fluid and form bruises. If you are stung by a jellyfish slightly poisonous, then such manifestations will be less sensitive. A person feels itching and a strong burning sensation, a sharp pain up to loss of consciousness when in contact with ocean dwellers. Toxins of the most dangerous species of jellyfish are able to leave numerous scars, ulcers and ulcers in the affected areas. Penetrating into the skin, the poison will gradually cause a general allergic reaction from other systems of life activity:
- nausea, dizziness and vomiting,
- muscle cramps and cramps
- pelvic and abdominal pain
- paralysis of the diaphragm,
- arrhythmia and pressure increase
- shortness of breath
- sweating and general malaise.
In severe cases, anaphylactic shock, coma, and even death may occur. If the pain does not go away, and the unpleasant symptoms worsen, you should immediately consult a doctor. This condition is especially dangerous for children and the elderly.
Types of jellyfish
About 200 species of jellyfish inhabit the waters of the world's oceans. Most of them prefer salt water, but there are also individuals living in fresh water. There are few poisonous jellyfish, but they still exist - including in the relatively safe area of the Black Sea.
Even after death, the jellyfish continues to sting for another month.
The poison of jellyfish is in the tentacles. There are stinging cells - microcapsules with a twisted spiral thread coated with a toxic substance. Upon contact with a person, the thread straightens and injects poison under the skin.
After the attack, it is destroyed, and in the body of the victim remain its fragments, which continue to release the toxin.
Here are the most dangerous types of poisonous jellyfish:
Tsianeya lion's mane - lives in the North Atlantic and off the coast of Australia. A dome in diameter can reach 60 centimeters, there are also gigantic species, in excess of two meters. Cyaneus stings painlessly, but the bite often causes a strong allergic reaction, accompanied by tissue swelling, pain, nausea and vomiting.
Chryzaora or "sea nettle" - a resident of the Mediterranean Sea, the coastal waters of Canada, Mexico, India. Her bite causes severe pain and a red rash. Fortunately, the toxin crises life is not threatened.
Physalia or “Portuguese ship” is found for holidaymakers in Spain, Italy and Thailand. Her bite is painless, but the poison can cause seizures, respiratory failure and dizziness.
Pelagia nochesvetka - this jellyfish can be found off the coast of Sicily and in the Red Sea. It hurts, it hurts, the toxin causes burning, inflammation, rashes and blisters.
"Sea wasp" - the most dangerous representative of marine fauna. Her poison can kill in just three minutes. One individual contains such a volume of toxin, which would be enough for the death of 60 adults. You can meet the sea wasp in the waters of Australia, Thailand and the Philippines.
Irukandji is a tiny but no less dangerous jellyfish. It is difficult to notice in the water, because the width of its dome does not exceed 2.5 cm. Irukandji bite is painless and, most often, not fatal, but can cause serious health consequences if you do not go to a doctor in time.
Two species of jellyfish inhabit the waters of the Black and Azov Seas: Aurelia (eared jellyfish) and Cornerot. Aurelia can leave small burns on the skin, but if the poison gets on the mucous membrane, then the pain and inflammation can be severe and not pass for 3-4 days.
What not to do
Do not touch the bite with your hands - this will cause the spread of poison, and you will get a new burn.
Do not rinse the bite with fresh water! In unsalted water, stinging cells instantly collapse, sharply squirting the remains of poison under the skin.
Ambiguous reviews cause lotions of vinegar and alcohol. Often, this leads to an acceleration of the spread of poison through the body, especially when the bite is not too dangerous jellyfish, like the Black Sea Aurelia and Cornerot.
Contrary to popular belief, you can not handle the place of bite with urine! The liquid may be non-sterile and contain an insufficient amount of salts, which will cause the spread of infection and deterioration.
Features a jellyfish bite
Symptoms after a jellyfish bite depend on the type of animal and the strength of the poison. In any case, the bite of a jellyfish has unpleasant consequences - it is manifested by itching, redness, the appearance of swelling, scars on the skin.
In severe cases, when bitten:
- nausea or vomiting appears
- numbness of the affected area of the body,
- muscle cramps, cramps,
- increases pain in the body and chest,
- breathing becomes difficult
- coma may develop, resulting in death.
If the pain does not go away, and the unpleasant symptoms only get worse, you need to urgently see a doctor. This is especially true for young children, people with poor health or elderly.
If the jellyfish stung the face, or the poison got into your eyes, you should urgently consult a doctor.
Bite marks have a different look, a different configuration and depth. The photo shows what a bite of a scifoid jellyfish looks like.
This can not be done
If the jellyfish is stung, it is prohibited:
- rub the affected area. In this case, you can injure the skin and increase the release of toxic substances from stinging cells,
- touch the place of the burn with unprotected hands in order not to get the burn of the hands,
- rinse the sting area with fresh water. Fresh water will cause the destruction of cells and this will only increase the pain, so it is better to use the sea. The exception is if the poison got in your eyes,
- rub your eyes with your hands with contaminated venom
- sunbathing in the sun until the burn comes down.
You can not drink alcohol - alcohol increases the effect of poison.
How to protect yourself from jellyfish bites
Basic safety rules when meeting with jellyfish:
- Pay attention to warning signs posted on the beach.
- It is not recommended to swim in places of large concentrations of animals. Diving requires protective equipment - wetsuit, mask, flippers, gloves.
- The size of the jellyfish is not the main indicator of their virulence. Small individuals: cubes or sea wasps are capable of causing fatal burns.
In some representatives of the intestinal cavity, the tentacles are thin and hardly noticeable in water. They stretch a few meters from the body.
The basic rule of diving: look, take pictures, but do not touch, especially if the hands are not protected by gloves. The poison of some jellyfish is especially toxic, can be fatal.
The video in this article reminds us that burns from the poison of jellyfish can be a threat not only to health, but also to life.
What is strictly forbidden to do after a bite
Lack of awareness leads to abnormal actions on the part of the victim and subsequent complications. It is strictly forbidden to rub the affected areas, even if they are very itchy. Such actions will lead to a rush of blood and activation of stinging cells. The poison in them starts to stand out faster and penetrate the skin.
No matter how urinotherapy is promoted when a jellyfish bites, it is not advisable to do so. You do not know the percentage of salinity of urine and if it is not sufficient, you can exacerbate the situation. Also in the urine may contain microorganisms that, if released into an open wound, can cause infection.
Treatment with a bite with iodine or brilliant green will increase irritation and inflammation, extending them to healthy skin. Do not try to stifle the unpleasant manifestations of alcohol. This will trigger the spread of poison inside.
How to treat a jellyfish bite
Only a specialist can correctly assess the situation and tell how and how to treat a burn from a jellyfish. Combined therapy with the use of external and internal drugs will solve the problem, and within 5-10 days you will forget about the trouble that happened to you. In parallel with the drugs for the treatment of a bite, you can use traditional medicine.
Cream, gels, topical ointments containing antihistamines such as Bepantin, Trimistin, Dermoveit, Panthenol and corticosteroids - Hydrocortisone , Advantan, Akriderm. Allergic reactions are treated with “Citrine”, “Fenistil”, “Eden”. Local therapy is supported by anti-inflammatory drugs - "Voltaren", "Baneotsin".
Bite jellyfish treated with Bepanten
In severe cases, when there is angioedema and anaphylactic manifestations prescribe "Medopred" or "Dexamethasone." Muscle spasms are removed by injections with “no-spa”. If there are complications, you will have to take antibiotics, for example, Neosporin.
Народная медицина, что делать, если ужалила медуза, а медикаментов нет
Вас укусила медуза, а ни медиков, ни аптеки рядом нет. Как устранить ожог от медузы и чем лечить в таких случаях? Снять симптомы и облегчить состояние можно с помощью средств народной медицины.
- Паста из соли и соды. Смешайте их в равных количествах и добавьте воду, чтобы получилась консистенция пасты. Apply to the affected area with a thick layer and leave to dry completely. After that, remove the dried mixture with a napkin. Do such procedures once a day for three days.
- Mix flour and fine salt in the ratio of 5: 1, add a spoonful of water and knead the stiff dough. Form a cake out of it, attach it to the burned area and secure with a plaster. Leave the dressing for 2 hours then remove. Continue to apply the compound daily after being bitten by a jellyfish, symptoms should go away after a week. Before each procedure, make a fresh cake.
- Prepare a jellyfish bite ointment from the ground root of carrots, aloe leaves, egg white, lemon juice and tomato juice. Mix well until smooth and apply to the stung place. It is necessary to change the composition as it dries. After two days of such lotions, the symptoms should disappear.
If you see that self-treatment does not bring results and, moreover, complications have arisen, immediately consult a doctor.
The most tragic complications of a jellyfish bite can be coma and death. This is especially true of cases of contact with particularly poisonous species. Then emergency medical care should be provided in the first minutes. The less tragic consequences include itching, which appeared a month after the burn or non-healing scars and wounds. In this case, you will also need expert advice.
To protect yourself from the bite of a jellyfish you need to follow some recommendations. Going on vacation, read about the types of jellyfish that live in the region that you plan to visit. So you will know in advance how they look, and what consequences can be expected after contact with them.
Do not swim in places with large concentrations of intestinal cavities. One or two individuals can still be swum up, but it will be problematic to bypass the whole flock.
Do not swim up too close to the jellyfish. The tentacles of some species may be very long and too thin to view in muddy water. In such situations, the risk of being stung increases.
Do not bathe in storms or large waves. Scraps of tentacles that have retained their toxicity may lie in wait for you near the shore.
Do not let your guard down in a warm sea or ocean. The transparent body of a jellyfish can visually dissolve in water and contact with it will be inevitable. If you are going to the beach, make sure that they can provide you with timely assistance, or take with you a minimum set of pharmacies.